|Beckwith of Thurcroft etc.|
Aldburgh Hall, Burton-on-Ure, Yorkshire (NR)
|Aldburgh Hall: sketch of the south front by Samuel Buck, 1719. Image: British Library.|
The estate was a property of Fountains Abbey (Yorks WR) until the dissolution of the monasteries, and was acquired by Roger Beckwith in 1597. He may have built the house depicted in 1719 by Samuel Buck, who shows a two-storey building with a five bay centre and projecting two-bay wings, and a further service wing to the west.
|Aldburgh Hall: engraving of the Georgian house in the mid 19th century, before the remodelling of 1864.|
|Aldburgh Hall: the house in the early 20th century. Image: Charles Hind Postcard Collection.|
Thurcroft Hall, Laughton-en-le-Morthern, Yorkshire (WR)
|Thurcroft Hall: sketch of the house by Samuel Buck, 1719, showing that it was originally of two storeys with dormers in a high hipped roof. |
Image: British Library.
|Thurcroft Hall: the house in the early 20th century, from an old postcard. This view shows the house with plate glass windows.|
|Thurcroft Hall: the house in 2005. Image: Richard Croft. Some rights reserved.|
Trimdon House, Fishburn, Co. Durham
Herrington Hall, Sunderland, Co. Durham
|Herrington Hall: view from the south-east. Image: Herrington Heritage.|
|Herrington Hall: the derelict house prior to or during demolition in 1957.|
Silksworth House, Co. Durham
|Silksworth (now Doxford) House: entrance front in 2008. Image: Craigy144. Some rights reserved.|
Millichope Park, ShropshireThe Millichope estate was acquired in 1544 by Robert More and held by his descendants until the early 19th century. He was probably responsible for building the semi-timbered house depicted in two early 19th century views soon afterwards. They show a close-studded, three-storey gabled building, with an entrance under the middle gable, and two great stacks of chimneys rising behind the main ridge of the roof.
|Millichope Park: an early 19th century watercolour of the Elizabethan house by R.H. Cheney. Image: Guy Peppiatt Fine Art.|
|Millichope Park: the semi-timbered Elizabethan house, drawn by Mrs Stackhouse Acton in the 1840s.|
|Millichope Park: the landscape garden commenced by Thomas More in the mid 18th century, with the Ionic rotunda of 1770, containing a memorial|
to the sons who predeceased him. Image: Nick Kingsley. Some rights reserved.
|Millichope Park: the domed Ionic rotunda containing a monument to John and Leighton More, which can be glimpsed in the interior. |
Image: Nick Kingsley. Some rights reserved.
Robert and Catherine More had no children, so on her death in 1792 the estate was left to a cousin, Robert Pemberton (d. 1794) of Wrockwardine, a solicitor and land agent. In 1832 it was inherited by his grandson, the Rev. Robert Norgrave Pemberton (d. 1848), a man inspired by architecture and landscape. Pemberton was rector of nearby Church Stretton from 1818, where he had a handsome rectory altered for his predecessor by Edward Haycock. It is therefore no surprise that when Pemberton inherited Millichope and decided to rebuild the house, it was Haycock whom he chose as his architect. The gardens of the earlier house were in part retained to provide the setting for the new house, with a deep rocky cutting being blasted out to the rock to form a new 'sublime' approach. The house itself was designed to be an element in the Picturesque landscape, and the south-west facing front, with its giant Ionic portico, provides an architectural backdrop to ever-changing views from the circuit of the gardens.
|Millichope Park: the entrance front as built in the 1830s. Image: Shropshire Star.|
|Millichope Park: the central atrium hall as first built, showing the steps rising from the entrance in the basement to the piano nobile.|
When the Rev. R.N. Pemberton died childless in 1848, he left the estate to a distant kinsman, Charles Orlando Childe (1812-83), the second son of W.L. Childe of Kinlet Hall (Shropshire), who took the name Pemberton. His son, Charles Baldwyn Childe, reverted to his original surname on inheriting Kinlet in 1881. Childe preferred Kinlet to Millichope, and was trying to sell the latter by 1886, although he did not find a buyer until 1896, when it was sold with 3,000 acres to Capt. Henry John Beckwith from County Durham. He added another 1,000 acres to the estate and made some alterations to the service wing, but did not alter the main house. The Burys lived at Millichope until the Second World War, when it was taken over by a convent school from Westgate-on-Sea. After they left in 1945 it was occupied briefly by Benedictine monks from Prinknash (Glos) before becoming a Shropshire County Council boarding school, which occupied the house until 1962.
|Millichope Park: the entrance front as altered in 1968-70. Image: Nick Kingsley. Some rights reserved.|
|Millichope Park: the central atrium hall as it is today. Image: Curt di Camillo.|
Beckwith family of Aldburgh Hall
(1.1) Thomas Beckwith (fl. 1612); inherited Ackton from his father; married Frances (d. 1602), daughter and heir of William Frost of Ackton, and had issue, from whom descended the Beckwiths of Ackton;
(1.2) William Beckwith (d. 1634); inherited Dacre Pasture from his father; married and had issue one son, ancestor of the Beckwiths of Kirby Malzeard, Bueerley, Lamb Hall, High Burton and Masham (all Yorks WR);(1.3) Roger Beckwith (c.1560-1634) (q.v.);(1.4) Simon Beckwith, of Pontefract; married, 30 December 1584 at Featherstone (Yorks WR), Catherine Austwick of Pontefract;(1.5) Jane Beckwith; very doubtful and more probably a daughter of Thomas above; married, 6 August 1635, Capt. John Thorp of Danthorpe (Yorks), a cavalry officer;(1.6) Barbara Beckwith; married Matthew Lockwood of Sowerby (Yorks NR);(1.7) Dorothy Beckwith; probably died unmarried;(1.8) Grace Beckwith; married John Nesfield of Flasby-in-Craven (Yorks WR);(1.9) Catharine Beckwith; married Henry Pudsey of Barford (Yorks)(1.10) Anne Beckwith; probably died unmarried;(1.11) Alice Beckwith; married 1st, 27 November 1581 at Featherstone, Robert Banister, and perhaps 2nd, James Smith of Ripon.
(1.1) Thomas Beckwith (d. c.1652), of Beverley (Yorks ER), a Roman Catholic and a Royalist in the Civil War, who attempted to bribe an officer in the parliamentary garrison of Hull to betray the city and admit the king's army; his estate was sequestered by Parliament and in 1651 part of it was ordered to be sold to the tenant, John Nelthorpe; married and had issue eight children, including one son and four daughters; died September 1652;(1.2) Catherine Beckwith; married Thomas Norton of Elveston and Langthorne (Yorks NR), and had issue at least one daughter;(1.3) Anne Beckwith (fl. 1666); married, 1595 at Scruton (Yorks), John Robinson (d. 1654) of Bolton-upon-Swale (Yorks), and had issue one daughter;(2.1) Marmaduke Beckwith (1613-20), baptised 9 May 1613; died young and was buried at Masham, 30 January 1619/20;(2.2) Susanna Beckwith (1614-61), baptised 16 May 1614; married Lt-Col. John Anlaby MP (1592-1661), of Anlaby and Etton (both Yorks ER), son of Thomas Anlaby, and had issue at least one son; died 10 September 1661 and was buried at Etton;(2.3) Arthur Beckwith (c.1615-42) (q.v.);(2.4) Matthew Beckwith (1616-79) [for whom see below, under Beckwith family of Thurcroft Hall etc.];(2.5) Judith Beckwith (b. 1619), baptised 7 May 1619; married, 18 December 1635 at St Helen, York, Dr. William Parker MD (fl. 1660), of London and St Peter in Thanet (Kent), and had issue; death not traced;(2.6) Hester Beckwith (b. 1620), baptised 20 September 1620; married John Odingsells (b. c.1616; fl. 1647), son of John Odingsells of Epperstone (Notts);(2.7) Marmaduke Beckwith (b. 1622), baptised at Masham, 11 August 1622; probably died young;(2.8) William Beckwith (1624-78) [for whom see below, under Beckwith family of Thurcroft Hall etc.].
(1) Mary Beckwith (b. 1636), baptised at Masham, 27 December 1636; said to have died unmarried but death not traced;(2) Marmaduke Beckwith (b. 1637), baptised at Masham, 21 January 1637/8; living in 1652, but death not traced(3) Isabel Beckwith (b. 1639), baptised at Masham, 26 August 1639; said to have died unmarried but death not traced;(4) Sir Roger Beckwith (c.1640-1700), 1st bt. (q.v.);(5) Susan Beckwith (b. c.1642?), perhaps born about 1642; said to have died unmarried, but death not traced.
(1.1) Arthur Beckwith (1673-1700?), baptised at Masham, 18 November 1673; said to have died overseas in 1700, shortly before his father;(2.1) Sir Roger Beckwith (1682-1743), 2nd bt. (q.v.);(2.2) Sir Marmaduke Beckwith (1688-1780?), 3rd bt., born January 1687/8; a merchant in Virginia (USA), who is said to have imported race horses from Britain in partnership with George Washington (1732-99), though this may be a confusion with his son of the same name; Clerk of the Peace of Richmond County, Virginia, 1708-48; succeeded his elder brother as 3rd baronet, May 1743; married, by 1719, Elizabeth Brokenbrough, and had issue three sons and three daughters; said to have died in 1780, but this too may be a confusion with his younger son of the same name.
(1) Roger Beckwith (d. 1707); died in infancy and was buried at Masham, 23 January 1706/7;(2) Edward Beckwith (d. 1710); died in infancy and was buried at Masham, 26 January 1709/10;(3) Jane Beckwith (1707-39) (q.v.);(4) Mary Beckwith (1708-10), baptised at Masham, 10 November 1708; died in infancy and was buried at Masham, 17 March 1709/10.
(1) Aletheia Thompson (1732-35), baptised at Escrick (Yorks ER), 1 December 1732; died young and was buried at Escrick, 19 February 1735/6;(2) Mary Thompson (1734-56), baptised at Escrick, 19 August 1734; inherited Aldburgh Hall from her maternal grandfather in 1743, but it was sold by her trustees; married, 6 June 1751 at Brafferton (Yorks NR), Peregrine Wentworth (c.1722-1809) of York, later Registrar of Deeds for the West Riding of Yorkshire, 1765-1809; she died in childbirth, 1 April, and was buried at Escrick, 3 April 1756;(3) Charlotte Lucy Thompson (1737-40), baptised at Escrick, 10 September 1737; died young and was buried at Escrick, 14 September 1740.
Beckwith family of Thurcroft Hall, Trimdon Hall, Herrington Hall and Silksworth House
(1) John Beckwith (1653-88) (q.v.);(2) Susanna Beckwith (1654-1723), baptised at St. Olave, York, 28 September 1654; married, 1681 at Sprotborough (Yorks WR), Nonus Parker (d. 1726) of Park Hill, and had issue three daughters; buried at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 24 September 1723;(3) Matthew Beckwith (1656-57), baptised at West Tanfield, 18 October 1656; died in infancy and was buried at West Tanfield, 30 May 1657;(4) Elizabeth Beckwith (1658-59), born 14 November 1658; died in infancy and was buried at West Tanfield, 22 November 1659;(5) Mary Beckwith (1662-1722), baptised at Tanfield, 24 April 1662; married John Carvile of Bella Hall, Grimston (Yorks); died 1 September, and was buried at Kirby Wharfe (Yorks WR), 3 September 1722;(6) William Beckwith (1664-1713) (q.v.).
(1) Castiliana Beckwith (b. 1676), baptised at Wadworth, 21 October 1676; said to have died young;(2) Roger Beckwith (b. 1678), baptised at West Tanfield, 7 January 1678/9; died in infancy;(3) Elizabeth Beckwith (1683-89), baptised at West Tanfield, 8 September 1683; died young and was buried at Wadworth, 15 May 1689.
(1) William Beckwith (1686-1760) (q.v.);(2) Edward Beckwith (c.1688-1763), born about 1688; Collector of Customs at Faversham (Kent), 1723-63; married 1st Mary [surname unknown] (c.1700-41) and 2nd Hannah [surname unknown], and had issue one son and one daughter; died 31 October 1763 and was buried at St Mary of Charity, Faversham, where he and his first wife are commemorated by monuments;(3) Mary Beckwith (b. & d. 1689), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 22 August 1689; died young and was buried at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 26 September 1689;(4) Elizabeth Beckwith (b. 1690), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 16 November 1690; married 1st, [forename unknown] Booth of Lincolnshire; married 2nd, William Smith, also of Lincolnshire;(5) Mary Beckwith (1691-1752), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 18 November 1691; married, 10 June 1714 at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, Thomas Mirfin of Slade Hooton Hall, Laughton-en-le-Morthern (Yorks WR); buried at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 27 February 1751/2;(6) Matthew Beckwith (1693-1728), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 9 February 1692/3; in the merchant navy; died unmarried and was buried at St Paul, Covent Garden, Westminster (Middx), 14 September 1728;(7) Susanna Beckwith (c.1695-1729), born about 1695; married, 29 March 1722 at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, Thomas Harrison of Dilhorne (Staffs) and had issue two daughters; died 1 June and was buried at Dilhorne, 3 June 1729;(8) Margaret Beckwith (b. 1697), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 20 May 1697; married, 21 July 1738 at Norton (Derbys), John Power (d. 1744?) of Uttoxeter (Staffs); death not traced;(9) John Beckwith (b. 1698), born and baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 20 September 1698; lived at Dalton Hall near Huddersfield (Yorks WR), merchant; married Mrs. Wyke, widow;(10) Dorothy Beckwith (1701-34), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 25 May 1701; married 1st, 23 September 1732 at West Retford (Notts), George Saunders (d. 1733) of Blyth (Notts), and 2nd, 30 May 1733 at Carlton-by-Snaith (Yorks WR), William Wintringham (d. 1738) of Snaith (Yorks WR), but had no issue; buried at Snaith, 9 October 1734.
(1) Jane Beckwith (1716-96), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 31 March 1716; married, 30 October 1746 at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, Thomas Westby (1699-1758) of Howarth Hall, Whiston (Yorks WR), but had no issue; died 29 April 1796 and is said to have been buried at Rotherham (Yorks WR);(2) John Beckwith (b. & d. 1717), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 4 February 1716/7; died in infancy and was buried at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 14 February 1716/7;(3) William Beckwith (b. & d. 1718), born and baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 30 May 1718; died in infancy and was buried at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 1 August 1718;(4) Woodifield Beckwith (1719-79) (q.v.);(5) Elizabeth Beckwith (1720-93), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 21 November 1720; married, 27 August 1747 at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, William Horsfall (d. 1780) of Storthes Hall, Kirkburton (Yorks WR), and had issue one son (who died young) and four daughters; died 21 April and was buried at Kirkburton, 29 April 1793;(6) Mary Beckwith (1722-29), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 2 April 1722; died young and was buried at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 28 January 1728/9;(7) William Beckwith (b. 1724), baptised 30 October 1724; educated at Middle Temple (admitted 1747; called 1751); barrister-at-law; lived in London; was probably the man of this name who married, 4 February 1748/9 at the Mayfair Chapel, Westminster (Middx), Mary Hutchings, and had issue one son and two daughters; living in 1759 but death not traced;(8) Lt-Col. John Beckwith (1726-87), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 5 May 1726; an officer in Abercrombie's regiment (Ensign, 1746; Capt. by 1754; Maj., 1755; Lt-Col., 1758); died 2 December and was buried at Bishop Middleham (Co. Durham), 5 December 1787;(9) Arthur Beckwith (b. & d. 1727), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 31 July 1727; died in infancy and buried at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 9 August 1727;(10) Margaret Beckwith (1730-31), baptised at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 19 December 1730; died in infancy and was buried at Laughton-en-le-Morthern, 16 March 1730/1.
(1) William Beckwith (1772-1847) (q.v.).
(1) Gen. William Beckwith (1795-1871) (q.v.);(2) Caroline Beckwith (1796-1866), born 3 July and baptised at Houghton-le-Spring, 5 November 1796; married, 19 October 1836 at Kirknewton (Northbld), Samuel Kentish (1802-77), superintendent of police in Carmarthen (Carms.), son of Samuel Kentish, barrister, but had no issue; died 25 November 1866;(3) John Beckwith (b. & d. 1798), born 25 February 1798, but died in infancy 20 October 1798;(4) George Beckwith (1799-1809), born 5 October 1799; died young, 31 March 1809;(5) Frances Beckwith (1800-15), baptised at Houghton-le-Spring, 3 January 1801; died young and was buried at Easington, 13 October 1815;(6) Mary Beckwith (1801-65), born 18 November 1801; principal beneficiary and executrix of her father's will; died unmarried at Bath (Som.), 21 May 1865;(7) John Beckwith (1803-91) (q.v.);(8) Julia Beckwith (1804-05); died young, 1 December, and was buried at Easington, 2 December 1805;(9) Rev. Henry Beckwith (1806-88) (q.v.);(10) Elizabeth Beckwith (b. & d. 1808), born about February 1808; died in infancy, 5 July, and was buried at Easington, 6 July 1808;(11) Julia Beckwith (1813-28), baptised at Houghton-le-Spring, 22 September 1813; died young and was buried at Trimdon, 6 February 1828.
|General William Beckwith |
(1) Rose Caroline Beckwith (1837-1905), baptised at Eaton Constantine, 17 July 1837; educated at Mrs Prosser's Boarding School, Belmont, Shrewsbury; died unmarried, 15 January 1905; will proved 14 March 1905 (estate £14,656);(2) Henry John Beckwith (1840-1927) [for whom see below, under Beckwith (later Bury) family of Millichope Park];(3) William Edmund Beckwith (1844-92), born 17 December 1844; ornithologist and local historian; died unmarried, 1 July 1892; administration of goods granted 30 July 1892 (estate £12,318).
Beckwith (later Bury) family of Millichope Park
(1) William Malbisse Beckwith (1877-1952), born 30 August 1877; educated at Eton and New College, Oxford; an officer in the Oxfordshire Light Infantry and later the Coldstream Guards (2nd Lt., 1897; Lt. 1900; Capt., 1907?; retired as Maj., 1918), who served in the Boer War (severely wounded) and First World War (awarded DSO, 1916); in the early 20th century he got into debt, and although his father paid his debts once in 1902 they subsequently disagreed over money matters; he was persuaded by his father to agree to the breaking of the entail on the family estates, in return for which he was given an estate at Sunderland, which he mortgaged to the hilt; he and his father were estranged from 1915, and he subsequently became a tea planter in Ceylon; he married 1st, 30 April 1904 (div. 1933), Lady Muriel Beatrice (1884-1969) (who m2, 2 August 1933, Cdr. Lewis Derek Jones RN (d. 1968), of Newton House (Hants), eldest son of Maj-Gen. Lewis Jones CB CMG, of Stoke Lodge, Stoke Poges (Bucks)), third daughter of Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox (1845-1928), 7th Duke of Richmond and Gordon, and had issue one son and four daughters; married 2nd, 12 October 1933, Eileen, daughter of H.J. Carver; died 24 December 1952; administration of goods granted 11 September 1953 (estate £23,894);(2) Kathleen Frances Malbisse Beckwith (1878-1932) (q.v.).
(1) Francis James Lindsay Bury (1910-44) (q.v.);(2) Nancy Catherine Bury (1916-94), born 18 January 1916; married 1st, 29 April 1936 at Munslow (Shrops.), David Haig-Thomas (1908-44) of Horsey Island, Kirby-le-Soken (Essex), farmer, ornithologist, explorer and sportsman, son of Peter Haig-Thomas of The Grange, Goring (Oxon), and had issue two sons; married 2nd, 29 July 1946, Maj. Wilfrid Jaspar Backhouse (1913-80), and had further issue one son and two daughters; died 11 July 1994; will proved 4 November 1994 (estate £18,617).
(1) Lindsay Claude Neils Bury (b. 1939) (q.v.);(2) Sara Frances Bury (b. 1941), born May 1941; historian; lives at Bollington (Ches.); married, Oct-Dec 1966, Kenneth C. Moore, and had issue one son and two daughters.
(1) Frank Simon Bury (b. 1970), born April 1970; educated at Eton, University of Manchester (BA, 1992) and IESE Business School, Barcelona (MBA, 2004); company director and co-founder of Bury Fitzwilliam-Lay & Partners LLP; trustee of Millichope Foundation; married, January 1999, Antonia Kate Fitzwilliam-Lay (b. 1972), and had issue one son and two daughters;(2) Harriet Mary Bury (b. 1972); educated at Queen Mary University of London (MA 1999) and School of Oriental & African Studies (PhD, 2007); charity consultant; trustee of Millichope Foundation; married, September 2002, Marshal Luther Horne (b. 1973), carpenter and joiner, and had issue one son and one daughter.
Location of archives
Coat of arms
- Can anyone provide portraits of the people whose names appear in bold above, for whom no image is currently shown?
- If anyone can offer further information or corrections to any part of this article I should be most grateful. I am always particularly pleased to hear from current owners or the descendants of families associated with a property who can supply information from their own research or personal knowledge for inclusion.