|Barton of Saxby Hall etc. |
Swinton House, Swinton, Lancashire
Stapleton Park, Darrington, Yorkshire (WR)
The estate lies between the villages of Darrington and Womersley. There was no doubt a manor house here from medieval times, but our first information about it seems to be the assessment of the house at 10 hearths for the 1672 Hearth Tax. It is shown on a county map of c.1720 as standing just north of the River Went, nearly a mile to the south of the position that it occupied by the time it next appears on a map in c.1750. It seems certain, therefore, that the house was rebuilt on the new site by Samuel Walker (1695-1754) and not, as was stated in Neale's Views of Seats, by Edward Lascelles, who bought it in 1762. The appearance of the first house on the new site does not seem to be recorded, but the 1750 map suggests that it stood in a well-timbered landscape, and Edward Lascelles talked in January 1763 about his intention to extend the park and to 'enlarge the Clumps…in front of the House - I mean to make them appear as one Wood'.
|Stapleton Park: the house and park shown on a county map of 1771.|
|Stapleton Park, Darrington: east front after the early 19th century alterations, from an engraving by J.P. Neale, published in 1821.|
Lord Stourton was a Roman Catholic, and in about 1800 he sold Stapleton to another leading Catholic, Robert Edward Petre (1743-1801), 9th Baron Petre. In 1809 the house came to his younger son, the Hon. Edward Petre (1794-1848), and after coming of age in 1815 he undertook a further transformation of the house in the Greek Revival style, which had been completed by about 1821. An obscure designer called William Cleave of Brewer's Green, Westminster (Middx) (who appears in trade directories as a timber merchant) is recorded as making 'great alterations' and exhibited 'a south-east view of improvements made at Stapleton Park' at the Royal Academy in 1820. He seems to have enlarged the house by one bay to the south and replaced the original porch with a new entrance front and porch on the south end elevation of the Carr house. He also removed the central pediment on the west side of the house and replaced it by a smaller label on the parapet, and lowered the window sills on the ground floor of the east front.In 1829, the house had 'a suite of elegant apartments on the entrance floor' which consisted of a library 36x22 feet and dining room 40x27 feet separated by an ante room on the east front, and two drawing rooms hung with French silk on the west front. There was also a Catholic chapel, with a fine painting of the Crucifixion over the altar. At the same time as Cleave was altering the house, further work was done on the grounds 'under the superintendence of Mr. Payne', who has not been identified.
Shortly before the First World War the house was let, and in 1915 it was offered to the Government as a VAD hospital, which Mrs. Barton herself managed as Commandant. The house was put up for sale by the Barton family in 1919 and was in part dispersed at auction.In 1921, a dismantling sale of the mansion was held and by April, when "10,000 tons of brick rubbish and dressed stone" was for sale it had evidently been demolished. The site was sold to the government in 1937, with a view to building a new mental hospital for south Yorkshire on the site, but, no doubt because the Second World War caused plans for a hospital to be abandoned, nothing was ever built here. The estate was sold off in 1958. Today only the stable block remains on the site, while one of the lodges survives as a rather forlorn diner at the Darrington service station on the A1.
Descent: Sir Robert Scargill (d.1531); to daughter, Margaret (b.1513), wife of Sir John Gascoigne of Cardington, who sold 1574 to John Conyers of London... John Savile (1556-1630), 1st Baron Savile of Pomfret; to son, Thomas Savile (1590-c.1659), 1st Earl of Sussex, who sold to James Greenwood (c.1603-70); to son James Greenwood (c.1641-1713), who sold after 1690 to Samuel Walker of York; to nephew, also Samuel Walker (1695-1754); to daughter, Elizabeth, wife of William Rawstone; her trustees sold c.1753-56 to John Boldero (1713-89); sold 1762 to Edward Lascelles (1740-1820), later 1st Earl of Harewood; rented from 1782 and sold 1789 to Charles Philip Stourton (1752-1816), 17th Baron Stourton; sold c.1800 to Robert Edward Petre (1742-1801), 9th Lord Petre; to son, Robert Edward Petre (1763-1809), 10th Baron Petre; to brother, Hon. Edward Petre (1794-1848); rented 1833 and sold 1838 to John Watson Barton (1798-1840); to son, John Hope Barton (1833-76); to son, Henry John Hope Barton (1873-1951) who sold 1919; demolished 1921.
Saxby Hall, Saxby All Saints, Lincolnshire
Caldy Manor, Cheshire
|Caldy Manor: the garden front of the house today, after the Edwardian enlargement and later changes.|
Barton family of Swinton, Stapleton and Saxby
Barton family of Caldy Manor
Location of archives
Coat of arms
Can you help?
- Can anyone provide or point me towards a photograph of Swinton House, or any further information about the early history of the property?
- Can anyone provide information about the ownership history of Saxby Hall since 1955?
- I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
- Any additions or corrections to the account given above will be gratefully received and incorporated. I am always particularly pleased to hear from members of the family who can supply recent personal information for inclusion.