Monday, 29 November 2021

(501/2) Hicks baronets, Beach, and Hicks-Beach, Earls St. Aldwyn - part 2

This post has been divided into three parts. Part 1 consists of my introduction to the family and its property, and a description of the houses built or acquired by the Hicks family. This second part contains descriptions of the houses built or acquired by the Beach and Hicks Beach families. Part 3 gives the biographical and genealogical details of all the branches of the family. 

Fittleton Manor House, Wiltshire

Fittleton Manor House: the entrance front in 2020. 
The front range is a modest but handsome five bay two storey house, built of brick banded with flint and with wooden cross-windows and a door hood on finely carved wooden brackets. The house was presumably commissioned by William Beach (1655-1741); it probably dates from the first two decades of the 18th century. Behind the front range are two parallel ranges descending in height, projecting from a rear wing at right angles to the front range, which may incorporate some earlier work. The lower of the two rear ranges has similar banded brickwork to the front range and may be of the same date; the middle range is plain brick, has plate glass sash windows, and looks later. Inside, there are panelled rooms and a handsome open-well staircase with twisted balusters.

Descent: John Fettiplace sold 1650 to William Adlam; sold 1665 to William Beach (d. 1686); to son, William Beach (1655-1741); to son, Thomas Beach (1684-1753); to son, William Beach (1719-90); to daughter, Henrietta Maria (1760-1837), wife of Michael Hicks (later Hicks-Beach) (1760-1830); to grandson, Sir Michael Hicks-Beach (1809-54), 8th bt.; to son, Sir Michael Edward Hicks-Beach (1837-1916), 9th bt. and later 1st Earl St. Aldwyn, who sold 1898 to War Office; the house sold back in 1901 to Michael Hugh Hicks Beach (1877-1916), Viscount Quenington; to sisters, Lady Susan Hicks Beach (1878-1965) and Lady Victoria Hicks Beach (1879-1963), who let to tenants until 1946 and then lived here until their deaths; sold 1968 to Col. Robert Sydney Dymock Maunsell (1920-2008); to widow, Hilda Maunsell (b. 1932), who sold 2021.

Keevil Manor, Wiltshire

A rectangular house with three gabled facades and an indented rear elevation on the north side, built about 1580 for Richard Lambert, a London grocer who had bought the manor from the Earls of Arundel twenty years earlier. The side elevations have three gables, but the wider south front has four, and a two-storey porch with Tuscan columns, added in 1611. 
Keevil Manor: the forecourt gateway of 1611. Image: Country Life.
Inside the porch are shell-headed niches similar to those at The Priory, Edington (Wilts), The Hall, Bradford-on-Avon (Wilts), Montacute House (Som.) and Cranborne Manor (Dorset), the latter two being known to be the work of William Arnold, who may therefore well be the mason here. The house has mullioned and transomed windows with a distinctive reversed hollow section, also found on the fireplaces inside. Inside the house, the hall screen is preserved in situ, with two large arched openings and diamond-cut rusticated surrounds, and there is undoubtedly some other old work, perhaps including the panelling in the hall and dining room, although so much was altered and moved around in the early 20th century that it is now difficult to be sure what apparently old work can be trusted. The timber spiral staircase, with solid oak treads winding around a central mast, would seem to be old but has at least been repaired and perhaps in part renewed.

Keevil Manor: the entrance front and side elevation in the early 20th century.
The house was little changed during the 230 years when it was owned by the Beach and Hicks Beach family, but when they decided to sell it in 1911 they stripped out some of the best panelling (with portraits of English monarchs down to and including Charles I) and sold it separately to Edgar Lister, who reused it in his restoration of Westwood Manor (Wilts). The house itself was sold to General Dickson, who called in Bishop & Etherington-Smith of London to rebuild the service wing, incorporating a three-storey water tower, and to extensively refit the interior of the house. They incorporated, copied, and moved around the old panelling and plasterwork which they found in the house in a very muddling way. Plaster ceilings are mentioned in the sale catalogue of 1911, and today there is a simple one in the hall and more elaborate ones in the dining room in the north-east corner of the house and the drawing room above, but these may be wholly of 1912-13. In the library (which was divided in 1912-13 from the south-west room), are handsome early Renaissance panels with rustic heads in profile, and good linenfold panels; this work must date from before 1580 and was perhaps reused when the house was built. It was not imported as part of the work of 1912-13, however, as it is mentioned in the 1911 sale catalogue.

Descent: Henry Howard (d. 1580), Earl of Arundel; sold 1560 to Richard Lambert (d. 1588?); to nephew, Edward Lambert (d. 1612); to daughters, who died unmarried; to Thomas Lambert; to grandson, Thomas Lambert, who sold house in 1678 to William Beach (d. 1686) and estate in 1681 to William Beach (1655-1741); to son, Thomas Beach (1684-1753); to son, William Beach (1719-90); to daughter, Henrietta Maria (1760-1837), wife of Michael Hicks (later Hicks-Beach) (1760-1830); to younger son, William Hicks Beach (later Beach) (1783-1856); to son, William Wither Bramston Beach (1826-1909); to son, Archibald William Hicks Beach (1859-1924), who sold 1911 to General John Baillie Ballantyne Dickson (1842-1925); to widow, Kathleen Frances Dickson (c.1860-1953); sold to Richard Vernon (1900-96); to son, Christopher Miles Vernon (b. 1932). The house was let in the later 19th and early 20th centuries to Col. Sir John William Wallington (1822-1910), the son-in-law of William Beach (1783-1856).

Netheravon House, Wiltshire

Netheravon House: the entrance front today.
The house is an astylar five by three bay, two-and-a-half storey house with a plain plat-band above the ground floor windows, a Palladian doorcase, and a low-pitched hipped roof partly concealed by a parapet. To all external appearances, it looks like a house of the 1770s, but in fact it is known to have been designed in 1735-36 as a hunting box for Henry Somerset (later Scudamore) (1707-45), 3rd Duke of Beaufort, who bought the estate in 1734. 

Netheravon House: detail of an equestrian portrait of the 3rd Duke of Beaufort by John Wootton, showing the house in 1744.
The architect was Francis Smith of Warwick, who was also working for the Duke at Badminton House (Glos) at the time.  There are plans and elevations of alternative designs by Smith and James Gibbs (and perhaps the Hiorne brothers) at Badminton, but no designs for the executed scheme; that Smith was the contractor is demonstrated by notes of payments to many of his regular team of craftsmen (Thomas Hands, carpenter; Edward Poynton, marble carving; Thomas Eborall, joinery and others) in his notebook in the Bodleian Library. The lack of external ornament is remarkable for such an early date, although the impression of simplicity may have been strengthened by subtle changes made after William Beach bought the estate in 1773. 

Netheravon House: survey plan of the ground floor by Sir John Soane, 1791. Image: Soane Museum.
When Michael and Henrietta Maria Hicks Beach came into possession in 1790, they brought in Sir John Soane, then working at Williamstrip Park (q.v.), who added an extension at the rear in 1791. Soane's drawings include a survey plan of the house at it existed, which shows that the existing arrangement whereby a fairly plain staircase (no doubt made by Thomas Eborall, like the staircase at Badminton) with three turned balusters to each tread, rises from an off-centre entrance hall, set behind the doorcase and the window to its right. Many other rooms preserve extremely plain early 18th century panelling, which perhaps was felt suited to the essentially masculine preserve of a hunting box. 

Netheravon House: the entrance hall and staircase today.
The Soane addition of 1791 projects at the rear, where there is an additional basement storey to accommodate the fall of the ground. Soane extended this basement level across the full five bay width of the house, but only carried the central three bays up to the same height as the front block, so this section of the elevation is of four storeys. The ground floor windows were evidently lengthened at some time, so they now reach to floor level.

Netheravon House: the garden front, showing Soane's addition and the 20th century alterations which have unbalanced the facade.
Image: Trish Steel. Some rights reserved.
In the 19th century the estate was generally let by the Hicks Beach family, and in 1898 it was sold, with Fittleton, to the War Office, for use in connection with the massive Salisbury Plain training area. The house became the Officers' Mess of the Cavalry Training School, and was looked after with care as a result. Externally, the only changes of the 20th century were to build up the north-west corner of the house to the same height as the rest and to add a single storey to the north-east corner. In recent years, the house became surplus to military requirements and it was sold and restored as two dwellings, with the original block forming one house and the Soane and later additions another, with a separate entrance.

Descent: built for Henry Somerset (later Scudamore) (1707-45), 3rd Duke of Beaufort; to brother, Charles Noel Somerset (1709-56), 4th Duke of Beaufort; to son, Henry Somerset (1744-1803), 5th Duke of Beaufort, who sold 1773 to William Beach (1719-90); to daughter, Henrietta Maria (1760-1837), wife of Michael Hicks (later Hicks-Beach) (1760-1830); to grandson, Sir Michael Hicks-Beach (1809-54), 8th bt.; to son, Sir Michael Edward Hicks-Beach (1837-1916), 9th bt. and later 1st Earl St. Aldwyn, who sold 1898 to War Office.

Williamstrip Park, Gloucestershire

Henry Powle (d. 1643), whose family had been established in Coln St Aldwyn for some years, bought the estate in about 1615 and probably built the earliest house on this site of which anything is known. This was a square Jacobean building of two storeys with a full-height porch on the south front and shallow bay windows to either side, for which in 1672 a later Henry Powle paid tax on 15 hearths. It may have been not unlike the Abbey House at Cirencester, as recorded by John Kip. The second Henry Powle was a busy lawyer and parliamentarian, who was Speaker of the House of Commons in 1689 and Master of the Rolls, 1690-92. His career seems to have occupied him right up until his death, and there is no evidence that he made substantial alterations to the house. Indeed, in 1676-7, he was in negotiations with Sir William Coventry for the sale of the estate. It would seem to have been his daughter Catherine and her husband Henry Ireton who first transformed Williamstrip into a Classical house. In 1792, Bigland said that 'the mansion house was built in the beginning of this century', and the work was evidently complete by the time Kip's view was made c.1710, providing a fairly close dating for their work. A roughly contemporary survey of the estate describes the house as “a faire house, newly built & in very good repaire”. New seven‑bay, two‑storey east and west fronts with projecting three‑bay centres and dormers were built to encase the side elevations of the old house, and these were provided with sash windows; considerable internal alterations must have been undertaken at the same time. The old entrance front on the south does not seem to have been greatly altered, but from this time onwards the new door on the west side seems to have been regarded as the main entrance. To the north‑east of the house was a formal garden in which most of the plants seem to have been for kitchen use.

Williamstrip Park: detail of Kip's view of the estate, c.1710. The house had then recently been classicised.
In 1751 the estate was sold to Humphrey Mackworth Praed, who employed Ferdinando Stratford to draw a plan of the grounds in 1754 which shows that the layout of the house and outbuildings shown by Atkyns was both accurate and largely unchanged, although the formal kitchen garden had been swept away. Mackworth Praed sold the estate to Samuel Blackwell of Cirencester in about 1760, and by about 1771 he had added a third storey to the house, with pediments on the east and west and canted bows on the west side. The south side was also given sash windows at this time, if this had not been done earlier. On the west front, Diocletian windows were unusually placed above the canted bows, and a similar Diocletian window which appears under the pediment on the east front is no doubt of the same period. No architect is known for these changes, but the final result of such piecemeal adaptations can hardly have been satisfactory. Some landscaping of the grounds had also been carried out since 1754, with the forecourt walls and outbuildings that had surrounded the Ireton house being swept away and replaced by greensward. In 1778 Blackwell agreed with his neighbour, the Roman Catholic Sir John Webb of Hatherop, that 'whereas plans for improvements have from time to time been proposed by each to the other, and whereas the improvements have in part taken place', they should not stand in one another's way in executing a scheme drawn out by Richard Woods, who may thus have been responsible for the earlier work as well. Woods, who was based in Essex, was not an obvious choice for landscaping work in Gloucestershire, but his clientele was very largely Catholic, and it is likely that he was recommended to the Catholic Webb, who had Dorset estates, by his former clients Edward Weld of Lulworth or Lord Arundell of Wardour Castle. It is not certain what, if anything, was done in pursuance of the agreement, but it is possible that the pond at Williamstrip was of Woods’ design.

Williamstrip Park: the entrance front as altered by Sir John Soane in 1791. Image: Nicholas Kingsley. Some rights reserved.

Williamstrip Park: the garden front before the demolition of the conservatory in 1946.

After Samuel Blackwell died in 1785 his estate was sold to Michael Hicks and his wife, Henrietta Maria, following an agreement of 1784 between Blackwell and her father, William Beach. With the combined family estates behind them and the fortune the Beaches had recently inherited from James Harding, the young couple could well afford to employ Sir John Soane to carry out a further remodelling of Williamstrip. Their choice of architect may well have been influenced by the remodelling Soane had just completed at Fairford Park in 1789. The south front was rebuilt as a flat sash-windowed facade, and the west front was refaced as a nine-bay elevation with shallow segmental bows in place of the existing canted bays. Soane also designed a two‑storey kitchen wing on the north and new stables, and extensively remodelled the interior of the house with new joinery and marble chimneypieces, and the installation of a domed toplight over the staircase. The finest room was his new library, behind the northern bow of the west front. For the first time since the 17th century, the house now presented a more or less unified exterior; only the east front remained substantially of the earlier periods. Michael Hicks Beach also made extensive improvements to the estate, including the building of a new lodge on the Burford road of c.1810 and another, at the western end of Hatherop village, in 1822, which was designed by Richard Pace of Lechlade in the Gothick style. The Burford road lodge and another, east of Coln St. Aldwyns village, were replaced in the late 19th century, probably to the designs of Henry Miles, the estate foreman, and the Pace lodge was demolished in the mid 20th century.

Later generations of the family reworked the interiors of the house on a number of occasions. In 1832‑34, shortly after he had inherited, Sir M.H. Hicks Beach (1809-54), 8th bt., carried out extensive internal alterations and redecoration and added the Ionic portico on the west front. Daniel Bingham of Cirencester, an upholsterer who was one of the principal suppliers, received no less than £728 on a single bill, but it is not known who the architect was. Sir Michael Edward Hicks Beach, 9th bt. (later Earl St Aldwyn), who inherited in 1854, employed David Brandon in 1865‑66 to make further alterations to the house. The ground floor fenestration of the south front was changed, with the addition of the the canted bays that exist now and the blocking up of other windows; the larger of the two rooms behind the south front was changed from a dining room to a drawing room and its 18th century decoration, including a screen of columns, was removed; a billiard room and conservatory were built at the north-east corner of the house; a new dining room was created behind the east front; and plate glass was inserted in all the ground floor sash windows. The central top-lit staircase hall was apparently redecorated to a scheme by J.D. Crace, later removed, and a new handrail and balusters were installed. Throughout all these changes, however, the house preserved an excellent series of chimneypieces that were presumably supplied at the time of Soane’s alterations.

Williamstrip Park: the new wing added to the house to the design of Craig Hamilton, 2012.
A further phase of alterations took place in 1946, when the 2nd Earl St Aldwyn employed Walter Godfrey to remove Soane's library, demolish the Victorian billiard room and conservatory, and truncate the kitchen wing on the north side of the house. In 2007, the long ownership of the house by the Hicks Beach family came to an end, when it was sold to John Kennedy, chairman of Vetco International, an oil services company. Mr. Kennedy engaged Craig Hamilton, the classical revival architect who had successfully extended Upton House, Tetbury, to make good the damage done to the house by the post-war demolitions. In 2012 he built a new wing with a classical facade adjoining the east elevation, where the demolition of the Victorian conservatory left a nasty gap, and refreshed the rather tired interior of the house, including the creation of a new neo-classical library. Once work on the house was complete, attention turned to the gardens, where an ambitious new layout of radiating semi-circles was laid out to the designs of Colvin & Moggridge by 2016, and to the construction of a new detached swimming pool building and a new chapel, both designed by Craig Hamilton.

Descent: sold c.1615 to Henry Powle (d. 1643); to son, Richard Powle; sold 1657 to brother Henry Powle (1630-92); to daughter Catherine (d. 1714), wife of Henry Ireton (c.1651-1711); to cousin, John Powle and William Forester, who sold 1751 to Humphry Mackworth Praed; sold c.1760 to Samuel Blackwell (d. 1785); sold to Michael Hicks (later Hicks-Beach) (1760-1830); to grandson, Sir Michael Hicks-Beach (1809-54), 8th bt.; to son, Sir Michael Edward Hicks-Beach (1837-1916), 9th bt. and 1st Earl St. Aldwyn; to grandson, Michael John Hicks-Beach (1912-92), 2nd Earl St. Aldwyn; to son, Michael Henry Hicks-Beach (b. 1950), 3rd Earl St. Aldwyn; sold c.2007 to Mr & Mrs John Kennedy.

Oakley Hall (formerly Hall Place), Hampshire

Oakley Hall in Hampshire can be identified as a separate estate from the medieval period onwards. Technically, the house lay within the parish and manor of Deane (the next village to Oakley), and until the 18th century it was known simply as Hall or Hall Place. But in 1620 it was sold by the Ayliffe family to George Wither (d. 1666), owner of the adjoining manor of Church Oakley, and thereafter gradually came to be known by its present name. Wither was the author of A collection of emblems (1635), in which he wrote English verses to illustrate the allegorical plates made by Gabriel Rollenhagen and Crispin van Passe more than 20 years earlier in Holland. The Scottish author and poet George Gilfillan wrote that “Wither was a man of real genius, but seems to have been partially insane”. A hundred years later, Wither's book of emblems was used by John Wood of Bath as his source for the designs on the metopes of the frieze in The Circus at Bath. Sadly, nothing is known of the house that existed at Oakley Hall at this time, although there is evidence that in the early 18th century an informal parkland was laid out for Charles Wither, who was Surveyor General of the Royal Woods and Forests. In that capacity he created the Serpentine Lake in Hyde Park to the designs of Charles Bridgeman, and it is possible that he either learned enough in the process to design for himself, or else imported one of those working on the royal gardens to design for him at Oakley.

Oakley Hall: the entrance front built c.1790 for Wither Bramston, and the stone porch added c.1860 by T.H. Wyatt.
After the death of Charles Wither in 1731, the estate passed by marriage to the Bramstons, and Wither Bramston (d. 1832), a friend of the author Jane Austen - who lived nearby at Steventon - rebuilt the house, which was 'nearly completed' in 1792. From this time dates the nine-bay north front, of two and a half storeys, with big three-bay bows at either end. At the rear of this house two wings projected to the south on either side of a narrow courtyard. When Wither Bramston died without issue in 1832, the estate passed to his first cousin once removed, William Hicks Beach (later Beach) (1783-1856) of Keevil House (Wilts), who subsequently divided his time between the two estates. Beach's son, William Wither Bramston Beach MP (1826-1901), brought in T.H. Wyatt to remodel the house in 1860. 

Oakley Hall: the Victorian garden front and conservatory created by T.H. Wyatt for William Wither Bramston Beach (1826-1901)
Wyatt created a thoroughly Victorian ensemble, providing the forecourt, the elaborate stone porte cochere, most of the service wing, the prominent water tower and a large conservatory with a glazed dome. He also infilled the space between the rear wings, and made a new south facade. The interior of the house was also completely remodelled in a typically eclectic style, with a galleried saloon, Florentine Renaissance style drawing room and Baroque library with fitted bookcases and a coffered wooden ceiling. The gardens were laid out by Edward Milner at the same time. 

Oakley Hall: the Victorian garden front today.
The house remained in the Hicks Beach family until the estate was sold in its entirety in 1933, following the bankruptcy of William Guy Hicks Beach. In 1940 it was taken over by Hilsea College, the original buildings of which in Portsmouth had been requisitioned by the Royal Navy for wartime use. The school occupied the house until 1992. It then became a care home, and it was later a wedding venue until a major refurbishment in 2014 saw it open as an hotel.

Descent: sold 1620 to George Wither (d. 1666); to nephew, Gilbert Wither (d. 1676); to son, Charles Wither (d. 1697); to son, Charles Wither (d. 1731), Surveyor General of Woods and Forests; to daughter, Henrietta Maria, wife of Edward Bramston of Boreham (Essex); to son, Wither Bramston (d. 1832); to first cousin once removed William Hicks Beach (later Beach) (1783-1856); to son, William Wither Bramston Beach (1826-1901); to son, Maj. William Archibald Hicks Beach (1859-1924); to son, William Guy Hicks Beach (1891-1953); sold 1933 after his bankruptcy in 1931 to Kenneth Carlisle; sold 1940 to Hilsea College; sold 1992 for use as a care home and later a wedding venue and an hotel.

Principal sources

Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 2003, pp. 3466-68; S. Hicks Beach, A Cotswold family, 1909; VCH Wiltshire, vol. 8, 1965, pp. 250-63; VCH Wiltshire, vol. xi, 1980, pp. 142-51, 165-81; https://youtu.be/ZwYq7gKazPE

Location of archives

Hicks, Beach and Hicks Beach family, Earls St. Aldwyn: deeds, manorial records, estate and family papers, personal and political papers, c.1250-20th century [Gloucestershire Archives, D1866, D2440, D2455]; deeds and legal papers concerning London and Gloucestershire property, 1472-18th century [The National Archives, C107/78-80]; Oakley (Hants) estate papers, 16th-17th cents [Hampshire Archives]

Can you help?

  • If anyone can provide additional photographs of the houses shown here, especially an internal views of Keevil Manor, I should be most interested to see them.
  • If anyone can offer further information or corrections I should be most grateful. I am always particularly pleased to hear from current owners or the descendants of families associated with a property who can supply information from their own research or personal knowledge for inclusion.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 29 November 2021. I am grateful to Kirsty Rodwell and Craig Hamilton for their assistance in preparing an earlier version of the account of Williamstrip Park.

(501/3) Hicks baronets, Beach, and Hicks-Beach, Earls St. Aldwyn - part 3

This post has been divided into three parts. Part 1 consists of my introduction to the family and its property, and a description of the houses built or acquired by the Hicks family. Part 2 contains descriptions of the houses built or acquired by the Beach and Hicks Beach families. This third part gives the biographical and genealogical details of all the branches of the family. 


Hicks family of Campden Manor, Viscounts Campden, and of Beverstone Castle and Ruckholt, baronets


Hicks, Robert (c.1524-57). Probably the only son of John Hicks (d. 1546) of Tortworth (Glos) and his wife Margaret (fl. 1557), and perhaps the grandson of John Hicks (d. 1486) of Bristol and Tortworth, born about 1524. He was sent to London in 1538 as apprentice to Thomas Bartholomew, ironmonger, and later set up his own mercery in Cheapside. His activities later expanded into moneylending. Freeman of the Worshipful Company of Ironmongers. He married, about 1542,  Juliana (1520-92), daughter of William Arthur (b. c.1494) of Clapton Court, Clapton-in-Gordano (Som.), who continued her husband's business until her death, and had issue:
(1) Sir Michael Hicks (1543-1612), kt. (q.v.);
(2) Clement Hicks (c.1544-1627); Searcher of the Customs at Chester; married 1st, Ellen [surname unknown] (c.1563-98) and 2nd, Margaret [surname unknown] (fl. 1627), but apparently had no surviving issue; died after 3 September 1627 and was buried at Holy Trinity, Chester; his will was proved at Chester, 1628;
(3) Francis Hicks (b. 1545), baptised at St Pancras, Soper Lane, London, 29 January 1544/5; died in infancy;
(4) Hilary Hicks (1546-48), baptised at St Pancras, Soper Lane, London, 14 January 1545/6; died young and was buried at St Pancras, Soper Lane, London, 14 July 1548;
(5) John Hicks (b. & d. 1548), born 17 March 1547/8, but died in infancy and was buried St Pancras, Soper Lane, London, the same day;
(6) Sir Baptist Hicks (c.1551-1629), 1st bt. and 1st Viscount Campden (q.v.).
He lived at the White Bear, Cheapside, London. His widow bought a house on St Peter's Hill, London, in 1559.
He died in 1557; his will was proved in the PCC, 22 February 1557/8. His widow married 2nd, Anthony Penne (d. 1572), whose will was proved in the PCC, 17 July 1572; she was buried at St Mary Magdalen, Milk St., London, 23 November 1592.

Sir Baptist Hicks (c.1551-1629) 
1st Viscount Campden
Hicks, Sir Baptist (c.1551-1629), 1st bt. and 1st Viscount Campden. 
Sixth but third surviving son of Robert Hicks (c.1524-57), ironmonger and later mercer of the White Bear, Cheapside, London, and his wife Juliana, daughter of William Arthur of Clapton Court, Clapton-in-Gordano (Som.), born about 1551. Educated at St Paul's School, Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1568) and Inner Temple (admitted 1573). He was brought up in the family business as a mercer and moneylender and fully took over the firm on his mother's death in 1592, importing rich silks from Italy and elsewhere. Through his elder brother's position at Court he came to do a great deal of business for leading courtiers, and in 1596 was appointed the Queen's mercer. His court employment was profitable, but when Robert Jousie, a textile merchant working for King James VI of Scotland, became bankrupt in 1600 owing him large sums, he sought financial redress from the King unsuccessfully. Perhaps feeling an obligation to Hicks, the king knighted him on 24 July 1603, soon after his accession to the English throne, and continued to employ him as both a mercer and a financial agent. His business activities continued to widen and he joined the committee of the Virginia Company in 1608. 
 He was an officer in the London militia by 1588 (Capt. of Foot), and was made free of the Mercers Company, 1577 (liveryman, 1586; warden, 1596-97; master, 1603-04, 1610-11, 1621-22). He served as a Common Councilman of the City of London, 1589-1603 (auditor, 1601), but declined to serve as an Alderman, and James I asked for him to be excused as a 'king's servant'. JP (from c.1609) and DL (from c.1625) for Middlesex; MP for Tavistock, 1621 and for Tewkesbury, 1624-28; and widely employed as a commissioner in both Middlesex and Gloucestershire. He was a Trustee of Gresham College, London, 1597-1629 and a Governor of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, 1597-1603 and of Chipping Campden Grammar School, 1627-29. He was an enthusiastic builder, and many of his philanthropic works involved building projects, such as the construction of Hicks Hall, a new sessions house for Middlesex in Clerkenwell, 1612, and the market house and almshouses in Chipping Campden. He was created a baronet, 1 July 1620, and further advanced to the peerage as Viscount Campden and Baron Hicks of Ilmington, 5 May 1628. Since he had no surviving sons, his peerages were created with a special remainder to his son-in-law, Sir Edward Noel (d. 1643), 1st Baron Noel of Ridlington. He married, 7 September 1584, Elizabeth (d. 1643), daughter of Richard May of London, merchant taylor, and had issue:
(1) Arthur Hicks (c.1585-86), born about 1585; died in infancy and was buried at St Mary Magdalene, Milk St., London, 28 August 1586;
(2) Hon. Juliana Hicks (1586-1680), baptised at St Mary Magdalene, Milk St., London, 31 July 1586; married, 20 December 1605 at Leyton (Essex), Sir Edward Noel (d. 1643), 1st Baron Noel of Ridlington and from 1629, when he succeeded to her father's peerages by special remainder, 2nd Viscount Campden, and had issue two sons and four daughters [further consideration of their descendants is deferred to a future post of the Noel family]; she died 25 November 1680 and was buried at Chipping Campden, where she and her husband are commemorated by a monument designed by Joshua Marshall; her will was proved in the PCC, 21 February 1680/1;
(3) Hon. Mary Hicks (1588-1639), baptised at St Mary Magdalene, Milk St., London, 11 February 1587/8; inherited her father's property and political interest at Tewkesbury (Glos); married 1st, 3 December 1606 at Leyton, Sir Charles Morrison (1587-1628), 1st bt., of Cashiobury (Herts), and had issue one daughter; married 2nd, 9 April 1629 at St Mary Magdalen, Milk St, London, Sir John Cooper (d. 1631), 1st bt. of Rockbourne (Hants), but had no further issue; married 3rd, 13 December 1632 at St Andrew, Holborn (Middx), Sir Edward Alford (d. 1653), kt. (who m2, Ann (c.1618-92), daughter of the Rev. Dr. Corbett, Chancellor of Norwich), and had issue one daughter, who died young; died 1639 and was probably buried at Watford (Herts), where she and her first husband are commemorated by a monument designed by Nicholas Stone; her will was proved in the PCC, 13 December 1639;
(4) Arthur Hicks (b. 1590), baptised at St Mary Magdalene, Milk St., London, 4 October 1590; died young;
(5) Elizabeth Hicks (1592-99), baptised at St Mary Magdalene, Milk St., London, 24 September 1592; died young and was buried at St Mary Magdalene, Milk St., London, 7 September 1599;
(6) Baptist Hicks (1595-99), at St Mary Magdalene, Milk St., London, 9 February 1594/5; died young and was buried at St Mary Magdalene, Milk St., London, 11 October 1599.
He purchased the house at Kensington (Middx) later known as Campden House in 1609 and remodelled it. He purchased the manor of Chipping Campden (Glos) and built a new mansion there from 1612 onwards. At his death the majority of his property passed to his son-in-law, Sir Edward Noel.
He died 18 October 1629, when his baronetcy expired but his peerages descended to his son-in-law; he was buried at Chipping Campden, 4 November 1629 where he and his wife are commemorated by an immense and splendid monument in the south chapel of the chancel, attributed to Nicholas Stone. His widow died 21 July, and was buried at Chipping Campden, 11 August 1643.

Sir Michael Hicks (1543-1612) 
Hicks, Sir Michael (1543-1612), kt. 
Eldest surviving son of 
Robert Hicks (c.1524-57), ironmonger and later mercer, of the White Bear, Cheapside, London, and his wife Juliana, daughter of William Arthur of Clapton Court, Clapton-in-Gordano (Som.), born 21 October 1543 and baptised at St Pancras, London. Probably educated at St Paul's School before attending Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1559), where he came under the influence of the Puritan, Thomas Cartwright, and formed lifelong friendships with Sir Nathaniel Bacon, Vincent Skinner and John Stubbe; and at Lincolns Inn (admitted 1565; called 1577). Barrister-at-law. He was in Lord Burghley's household by 1573 and was one of his two principal secretaries, 1580-98, dealing with matters of patronage, a position in which he acted as gatekeeper to the Lord Treasurer for a wide range of wealthy supplicants for favour and expected to be rewarded handsomely for forwarding their case; as a result he became wealthy. He was also a close friend of Lord Burghley's son, Sir Robert Cecil, and although their friendship cooled when Cecil came to high office, Hicks remained widely courted as a channel of influence. Just before Burgley's death, he became feodary for Essex of the Court of Wards & Liveries, 1598-1601; and later receiver general for Essex, Hertfordshire, Middlesex and London, 1603-04 and a deputy in the Alienations Office, 1609-12. JP for Essex, 1605-12 and for Middlesex, 1609-12; Keeper of Enfield Chase, by 1608; under-steward and clerk of the forest of Waltham Cross, 1608-12; chief steward of an extensive set of royal manors in Essex. He was MP for Truro, 1584-86; Shaftesbury, 1589, 1593; Gatton, 1597-98 and Horsham, 1601, 1604-11, but was not a leading parliamentary figure. He invested his wealth less in land than in moneylending, and his extensive contacts in financial as well as government circles made him eminently suitable as a mediator between the court and the money market; his brother, Sir Baptist Hicks, frequently sought his help in recovering loans from court figures and even the Crown itself. He was a charming and witty man, with a gift for repartee and clever speeches in the elaborately literary fashion of the time, who despite his moneylending activities and his position at court seems to have made few enemies. In 1597 he had the honour of entertaining Queen Elizabeth at Ruckholts, and he intended to make an elaborate speech of welcome to Her Majesty, but all did not go well, since the ‘resplendence of her Majesty’s royal presence and princely aspect did on a sudden so daunt all my senses and dazzle mine eyes, as for the time I had use neither of speech nor memory’. The Queen, annoyed by the lapse, left without conferring on him the knighthood which he expected, and he had to wait another seven years before he was knighted by James I at Theobalds, 6 August 1604. He married, by December 1594, Elizabeth (1561-1635), daughter of Gabriel Colston of Forest House, Waltham (Essex), a London grocer, and widow of Henry Parvis or Parvishe (d. 1593) of Ruckholts (Essex), Italy merchant, and had issue:
(1) Sir William Hicks (1596-1680), 1st bt. (q.v.); 
(2) Michael Hicks (c.1600-18), born about 1600; educated by Mr. Goodwin at Moreton (Essex) and at Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1618), where he is said to have died, unmarried;
(3) Elizabeth Hicks (c.1602-26), born about 1602; married, 14 December 1619, Sir William Airmine (1593-1651), 1st bt., of Osgodby (Lincs) (who m2, 28 August 1628, Mary (c.1594-1675), daughter and co-heir of Hon. Henry Talbot, fourth son of George, Earl of Shrewsbury and widow of Thomas Holcroft of Vale Royal (Cheshire) and had further issue one son), and had issue three sons and two daughters; buried 27 September 1626.
He was granted the site and demesne of Lenton Priory (Notts) in 1604, and  purchased the Beverston Castle estate in 1610. His wife inherited a life interest in Ruckholts, but after her death it passed to her son by her first marriage, Gabriel Parvishe, who sold it in 1635 to his half-brother, Sir William Hicks (1596-1680), 1st bt. (q.v.). Lady Hicks had a life interest in the Beverstone estate from her second husband and purchased the Great Witcombe estate in the early 17th century, presumably after she was widowed.
He died at Ruckholts, 15 August 1612, and was buried at Leyton, where he is commemorated by a monument erected by his widow; an inquisition post mortem was held 7 October 1612, and his will was proved in the PCC, 13 November 1612; most unusually it left the disposition of most of his property to the discretion of his executors. His widow was buried 14 February 1634/5; her will was proved in the PCC, 11 March 1634/5. 

Sir William Hicks (1596-1680), 1st bt. 
Hicks, Sir William (1596-1680), 1st bt. 
Elder son of Sir Michael Hicks (1543-1612), kt., and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Gabriel Colston of Forest House, Waltham (Essex) and widow of Henry Parvis or Parvishe of Ruckholts (Essex), born at his father's house on St Peter's Hill, London, 1596; Lord Burghley was his godfather. He was only sixteen when his father died and his mother purchased his wardship. He is said to have been educated by Mr. Goodwin at Moreton (Essex) and at Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated c.1612). He was elected MP for Marlow, 1625-26 on the interest of his father-in-law, and for Tewkesbury, 1628-29 after the elevation of his uncle, Sir Baptist Hicks, to the peerage. He sat again for Marlow in the Short Parliament of 1640. Keeper of Waltham Forest, 1640-80; JP (1642, 1660-80) and DL (c.1638-44, 1660-80) for Essex. He was a Puritan in religion and was elected an elder of the Braintree classis in 1648. He at first supported the Parliamentarian cause in the Civil War, and was named as a member of the Essex County Committee in 1645, but he became a Royalist in the Second Civil War, and compounded for his delinquency for £1,000 in 1649. He then went abroad with his eldest son and nephew, Michael Airmine, although he may not have been away for very long. 
On 21 July 1619 he was granted a baronetcy without paying the usual fees to the Exchequer, although the patent was not enrolled. A puzzled John Chamberlain wrote that he ‘comes to it I know not by what title’, but the genuineness of the grant has never been disputed. He married, 8 September 1625 at West Drayton (Middx), Margaret (d. 1652), daughter of William Paget, 4th Baron Paget of Beaudesert, Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire, and had issue (with three others, whose baptisms have not been traced):
(1) Letitia Hicks (1626-91), baptised at Westminster Abbey, 13 July 1626; married 1st,13 August 1651 at St Bartholomew the Less, London, as his third wife, Arthur Chichester (1606-75), 1st Earl of Donegall, and had issue one son and five daughters; married 2nd, before 1687, Sir William Francklyn (c.1636-91), kt., of Mavorn, Bolnhurst (Beds), but had no further issue; died about six weeks after her second husband and was buried in Westminster Abbey, 15 May 1691;
(2) Baptist Hicks (1627-34), baptised at Leyton, 18 August 1627; died young and was buried at Leyton, 24 May 1634;
(3) Elizabeth Hicks (1628-34), baptised at Leyton, 9 October 1628; died young and was buried at Leyton, 7 January 1633/4;
(4) Sir William Hicks (1629-1702), 2nd bt. (q.v.);
(5) Katherine Hicks (b. 1636), baptised at Leyton, 29 June 1636; probably died young;
(6) Francis Hicks (1637-47), baptised at Leyton, 22 May 1637; died young and was buried at Leyton, 31 July 1647;
(7) Sir Michael Hicks (1645-1710), kt. [for whom see below, under Hicks (later Hicks Beach) family of Witcombe Park];
(8) Elizabeth Hicks (1647-76), baptised at Leyton, 20 August 1647; died unmarried and was buried at Leyton, 17 August 1676.
He inherited the Lenton Priory property from his father in 1612 and came of age in 1617; he inherited the Beverston Castle and Witcombe Park estates from his mother in 1635. He purchased Ruckholts (Essex) from his half-brother in 1635 and the manor of Chigwell in 1669; he lived in Essex.
He died at Ruckholts, 9 October and was buried at Leyton, 22 October 1680, where he is commemorated by a large standing wall monument; his will was proved 15 February 1680/1. His wife died at Westminster and was buried in Westminster Abbey, 10 September 1652.

Hicks, Sir William (1629-1702), 2nd bt. Elder surviving son of Sir William Hicks (1596-1680), 1st bt., and his wife Margaret, daughter of William Paget, 4th Baron Paget of Beaudesert (Staffs), born December 1629. Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1646). High Sheriff of Essex, 1684-85. He is said to have been knighted at Ruckholt by King Charles II in his father's lifetime and succeeded his father as 2nd baronet, 9 October 1680. He married, 13 February 1661/2 at Shenley (Herts), Marthagnes (c.1644-1724), eldest daughter and co-heir of Sir Henry Coningsby of North Mymms Park (Herts), and had issue:
(1) Mary Hicks (1665-1718), baptised at Leyton, 4 July 1665; married, 4 March 1711* at Whitechapel (Middx), as his third wife, James Darcy (1650-1731), later 1st Baron Darcy of Navan, of Sedbury Park (Yorks), son of James Darcy, but had no issue; buried at Gilling West, 2 February 1717/8, where she is commemorated on a mural tablet, which states she was buried in the north aisle of the church;
(2) Sir Henry Hicks (1666-1755), 3rd bt. (q.v.);
(3) Michael Hicks (1667-72), baptised at Leyton, 5 November 1667; died young and was buried at Leyton, 16 December 1672;
(4) William Hicks (1670-81), baptised at Leyton, 29 March 1670; died young and was buried at Leyton, 11 March 1681;
(5) Robert Hicks (b. 1671), baptised at Leyton, 14 April 1671; probably died young;
(6) John Hicks (1672-81), baptised at Leyton, 12 September 1672; died young, and was buried at Leyton, 20 January 1681;
(7) Michael Hicks (1673-74), baptised at Leyton, 19 September 1673; died in infancy and was buried at Leyton, 16 February 1673/4;
(8) Elizabeth Hicks (1674-75), baptised at Leyton, 9 November 1674; died in infancy and was buried at Leyton, 31 December 1675;
(9) Margaret Hicks (c.1675-1741), born about 1675; married, 17 July 1694 at Leyton (Essex), Anthony Wharton (b. c.1666) of Gilling Wood Hall (Yorks), fourth son of Humphrey Wharton of Gillingwood and Kirkby Thore (Yorks), and had issue one son and three daughters; her will was proved in the PCY, August 1741;
(10) Charles Hicks (1678-1760) (q.v.);
(11) Anne Hicks (1679-80), baptised at Leyton, 29 August 1679; died in infancy and was buried at Leyton, 8 March 1679/80.
He inherited the Lenton, Beverston and Ruckholts/Chigwell estates from his father in 1680, but sold Lenton Priory to Thomas Winford in 1686 for £9,650. He is said to have remodelled Ruckholts at considerate expense, and he probably built the new wing at Beverston for the use of his tenants after a fire in 1691.
He died 22 April and was buried at Leyton, 26 April 1702, where he and his wife are commemorated on his father's monument; his will was proved in the PCC, 8 July 1702. His widow was buried at Leyton, 28 January 1723/4.
* This marriage is recorded in the registers of both Whitechapel and Leyton for this date, but is stated erroneously in many secondary sources to have have taken place in 1693.

Hicks, Sir Henry (k/a Harry) (1666-1755), 3rd bt. Elder surviving son of Sir William Hicks (1629-1703), 2nd bt., and his wife Marthagnes, eldest daughter and co-heir of Sir Henry Coningsby of North Mymms Park (Herts), baptised at Leyton (Essex), 8 October 1666. He married, 1st, 8 November 1698 at St James, Dukes Place, London, Elizabeth (1674?-1706), daughter of Adm. Sir John Holmes, and 2nd, 31 October 1711 at St Botolph, Aldgate, London, Barbara (1687-1746), daughter of Joseph Johnson of Walthamstow, and had issue:
(1.1) Margaret Hicks (1699-1700), born and baptised at Leyton, 23 October 1699; died in infancy and was buried at Leyton, 30? March 1699/1700;
(1.2) Margaret Hicks (b. 1700), baptised at Leyton, 1 January 1700/1; said to have died in childhood;
(1.3) Harry Hicks (1705-19), born about January 1705 and baptised at Leyton, 21 April 1705; died young and was buried at Leyton, 17 August 1719;
(2.1) Sir Robert Hicks (1712-68), 4th bt. (q.v.);
(2.2) Martha Hicks (b. 1713), baptised at Leyton, 26 January 1712/3; after the death of her brother Michael she inherited an interest in the family estates; married [forename unknown] Petty; living in 1755;
(2.3) Elizabeth Hicks (1714-23), baptised at Leyton, 1 February 1713/4; died young and was buried at Leyton, 13 March 1722/3;
(2.4) Ardina Hicks (c.1714-17), probably born in late 1714; buried at Leyton, 2 February 1716/7;
(2.5) William Hicks (1715-20), baptised at Leyton, 7 November 1715; died young and was buried at Leyton, 13 April 1720;
(2.6) Barbara Hicks (b. & d. 1717), baptised at Leyton, January 1716/7; died in infancy and was buried at Leyton, 14 May 1717;
(2.7) John Hicks (1718-19), baptised at Leyton, 14 July 1718; died in infancy and was buried at Leyton, 15 June 1719;
(2.8) Michael Hicks (1719-64) (q.v.);
(2.9) Harry Hicks (d. 1721); died in infancy and was buried at Leyton, 22 September 1721;
(2.10) Ann Hicks (1724-76?), baptised at Leyton, 13 February 1723/4; after the death of her brother Michael she inherited an interest in the family estates; married, 10 July 1756 at St Clement Danes, London, Rev. Michael Burton (1701-59), rector of Staplehurst (Kent), and had issue one son; probably the Anne Burton buried at Staplehurst, 10 October 1776.
He inherited the Beverston and Ruckholts/Chigwell estates from his father in 1703, but sold Ruckholts in 1720 and much of his Chigwell land in 1727. He built the Bowling Green (later Manor House), Chigwell soon afterwards. At his death he left his property to his younger surviving son, Michael Hicks.
He died 28 October 1755, and was buried in the churchyard at Leyton (Essex) with his first wife, 8 November 1755; his will was proved 11 November 1755. His first wife died 14 January and was buried at Leyton, 21 January 1705/6. His second wife was buried at Leyton, 8 August 1746.

Hicks, Sir Robert (1712-68), 4th bt. Elder surviving son of Sir Harry Hicks (1666-1755), 3rd bt. and his second wife, Barbara, daughter of Joseph Johnson of Walthamstow, baptised at Leyton (Essex), 4 February 1711/2. He became an inveterate gambler, who by 1749 had run into serious debt, and as a result he was passed over by his father in favour of his younger brother in the succession to the family estates. He went blind between 1755 and 1758. He was apparently unmarried, but lived as husband and wife* with Mary (1716-83), daughter of Vice-Admiral John Greydon (d. 1726) of Fordwich (Kent); they had no issue.
After the death of his younger brother, he and his two sisters had a life interest in part of the family estates.
He died 31 March, and was buried at Hemel Hempstead (Herts), 6 April 1768. His partner was buried (as Mary Hicks) at Hemel Hempstead, 3 June 1783.
* No evidence of a marriage has been found, and Sir Robert's father, Sir Harry Hicks, made provision for her in a draft will of 1749, by the name of 'Mary Greydon alias Hicks'.

Hicks, Michael (1719-64). Younger surviving son of Sir Harry Hicks (1666-1755), 3rd bt. and his second wife, Barbara, daughter of Joseph Johnson of Walthamstow, baptised at Leyton, 29 September 1719. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Beverston Castle and Bowling Green House estates from his father in 1755 and agreed with his cousin, Sir John Baptist Hicks (1721?-91) to break the entail on the estates, most of which he left to his kinsman, Michael Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1760-1830).
He was buried at Islington (Middx), 30 March 1764.

Hicks, Charles (1678-1760). Younger surviving son of Sir William Hicks (1629-1703), 2nd bt., and his wife Marthagnes, eldest daughter and co-heir of Sir Henry Coningsby of North Mymms Park (Herts), baptised at St Peter's Hill, London, March 1677/8*. He married, 15 November 1716 at St Paul's Cathedral, London, Mary (1684-1739), daughter of John Coningsby, and had issue:
(1) Genevieve Hicks (1717-97), baptised at St. Andrew, Holborn (Middx), 26 August 1717; died unmarried and was buried at Aldenham, 4 April 1797; will proved in the PCC, 1 April 1797;
(2) Juliana Hicks (b. c.1719); perhaps died young;
(3) Sir John Baptist Hicks (1721?-91), 5th bt. (q.v.).
He lived at Kensington (Middx), and had an interest in The Wild, Shenley (Herts), which may probably be identified with Wild Farm on the north-western edge of Porters Park, in right of his wife.
He is said to have died in 1760. His wife died in Kensington (Middx), 10 October 1739, and was buried at Aldenham (Herts), 18 October 1739.
* The baptism is, however, entered in the Leyton (Essex) parish register.

Hicks, Sir John Baptist (1721?-91), 5th bt. Only recorded son of Charles Hicks (d. 1760) and his wife Mary Coningsby, born about 1720 and possibly the man of this name baptised at Ridge (Herts), 15 February 1721/2*. Apprenticed to Joseph Tily of Symonds Inn, attorney, 1736, but there is no evidence that he subsequently practised as a solicitor. He inherited the family baronetcy from his first cousin, Sir Robert Hicks, 4th bt., in 1768. He married 2nd**, 2 May 1771 at St Andrew, Holborn (Middx), Farrington (1725-1813), younger daughter of William Bristowe of Beesthorpe (Notts), but had no issue.
He was in remainder to the entailed Beverston Castle and Chigwell estates under the will of his uncle, Sir Henry Hicks, 3rd bt, but arranged with his cousin Michael Hicks to break the entail on these properties for a consideration. He lived at Hoddesdon (Herts).
He died 23 November 1791 and was buried at Broxbourne (Herts), where he and his wife are commemorated by a simple mural tablet; on his death the baronetcy passed to his second cousin, Sir Howe Hicks (1722-1801), 6th bt, [for whom see below, under Hicks (later Hicks-Beach) family of Witcombe Park]. His widow died in 1813; her will was proved in the PCC, 24 November 1813.
* However the register gives the father's name as George.
** No trace of an earlier marriage has been found, but he is described as 'widower' at his second marriage.

Hicks (later Hicks-Beach) family of Witcombe Park


Hicks, Sir Michael (1645-1710), kt. Younger surviving son of Sir William Hicks (1596-1680), 1st bt., and his wife Margaret, daughter of William Paget, 4th Baron Paget of Beaudesert (Staffs), baptised at Leyton (Essex), 26 January 1644/5. Educated at Pembroke College, Oxford. He was knighted c.1664. He married, 2 August 1679, Susanna, youngest daughter of Sir Richard Howe, sheriff of London, and widow of Samuel Beaumont Everard (d. 1677) of the Inner Temple, and had issue:
(1) Sarah Hicks (1680-1710), baptised at St Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 20 May 1680; died unmarried, 18 February 1710 and was buried at St Benet's, Paul's Wharf, London, 24 February 1710;
(2) Letitia Hicks (1681-82), baptised at St Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 7 October 1681; died in infancy, 2 August 1682 and was buried at Low Leyton (Essex);
(3) Letitia Hicks (1682-85), baptised at St Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 24 January 1682/3; died young, 28 June 1685 and was buried at Low Leyton (Essex);
(4) William Hicks (1684-85), baptised at St Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 10 September 1684; died in infancy, 10 July 1685 and was buried at Low Leyton (Essex);
(5) Michael Hicks (1685-86), baptised at St Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 3 September 1685; died in infancy, 7 November 1686 and was buried at Low Leyton (Essex);
(6) Michael Hicks (1687-89), baptised at St Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 17 October 1687; died in infancy, 3 July 1689 and was buried at Great Witcombe;
(7) Howe Hicks (1689-1727) (q.v.);
(8) Elizabeth Hicks (1690-91), baptised at St Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 5 December 1690; died in infancy, 19 May 1691 and was buried at Low Leyton (Essex);
(9) William Hicks (1691-95), baptised at St Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 5 February 1691; died young, 20 March 1694/5 and was buried at Low Leyton (Essex);
(10) Alice Hicks (b. 1693), baptised at St Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 15 September 1693; married, c.1712 (licence 22 February 1711/12), William White of Little Somerford (Wilts), and had issue.
His father settled the Witcombe Park estate on him on his marriage, and he built a new house there in or before 1697. He also received a house in Austin Friars, London, two houses on St Peter's Hill, London, and certain lands at Chigwell (Essex). His wife brought him one third of the manor of Old Paris Garden.
He died at an inn near Kingston Bagpuize (Berks), 4 May 1710 and was buried at Great Witcombe, where he was commemorated by a monument. His widow married 3rd, 1713, Jonathan Castleman (d. 1738) of Coberley Court and later of Painswick; she died in November 1724 and was buried at Great Witcombe.

Hicks, Howe (1689-1727). Only surviving son of Sir Michael Hicks (1645-1710), kt., and his wife Susanna, youngest daughter of Sir Richard Howe, sheriff of London, and widow of Samuel Beaumont Everard of the Middle Temple, baptised at St Peter, Pauls Wharf, London, 2 September 1689. He married, 30 April 1717 at Harmondsworth (Middx), Mary (c.1694-1728), daughter of Jeffrey Watts of Great Leighs (Essex) and widow of Benjamin Eames, and had issue:
(1) Susannah Hicks (1718-74), born 19 June 1718; married, 1741 (licence 12 June), Rev. Thomas Welles (c.1695-1763), rector of Cowley (Glos), 1724-63, and had issue two sons and two daughters; after her husband's death she lived at Twickenham (Middx), and was buried there, 30 December 1774; her will was proved in the PCC, 8 April 1775;
(2) Mary Hicks (1719-55), born 20 November and baptised at Great Witcombe, 15 December 1719; married, 13 July 1747 at St Alfege, Greenwich (Kent), Rice Williams; died 14 February 1755 and was buried at Great Witcombe, where she was commemorated by a monument;
(3) Michael Hicks (b. & d. 1721), born 5 January 1721/2; died in infancy, 6 March 1721/2 and was buried at Great Witcombe, where he was commemorated on his grandfather's monument;
(4) Sir Howe Hicks (1722-1801), 6th bt. (q.v.);
(5) Michael Hicks (b. 1727), baptised at Great Witcombe, 5 July 1727; apparently died in infancy.
He inherited the Witcombe Park estate from his father in 1710.
He died 12 February 1726/7 and was buried at Great Witcombe; his will was proved in the PCC, 18 March 1727/8. His widow died 6 August, and was buried at Great Witcombe, 9 August 1728; her will was proved in the PCC, 24 January 1728/9.

Hicks, Sir Howe (1722-1801), 6th bt. Only surviving son of Howe Hicks (1689-1727) and his wife Mary, daughter of Jeffrey Watts of Essex and widow of Benjamin Eames, born 8 August and baptised at Great Witcombe, 21 August  1722. After he was orphaned in 1728 he and his siblings were almost certainly taken in by his mother's executor, the Rev. John Browne of Salperton Park. JP (from 1743) and DL (from 1763) for Gloucestershire. In 1754, he repaired Great Witcombe church, rebuilt the tower and added a new porch. He succeeded his second cousin as 6th baronet, 23 November 1791. He married, 28 July 1739, Martha (1715-1802), daughter of his guardian, the Rev. John Browne of Salperton Park (Glos), rector of Coberley (Glos), and had issue:
(1) Howe Hicks (1740-44), baptised at Great Witcombe, 16 July 1740; died 4 January 1744/5 and was buried at Great Witcombe;
(2) Martha Hicks (1742-1826), baptised at Great Witcombe, 9 June 1742; married, c.1764, as his second wife, Rev. John Pettat (1738-1811), rector of Stonehouse (Glos), 1763-1826 and of Quenington (Glos), 1789-97, and had issue one son and one daughter; died 26 September 1826 and was buried at Stonehouse, where she is commemorated by a monument;
(3) Mary Hicks (1743-58), baptised at Great Witcombe, 7 February 1743; died young, 30 July, and was buried at Great Witcombe, 4 August 1758, where she is commemorated on a monument;
(4) Howe Hicks (b. & d. 1745), said to have died at birth, 1745;
(5) Susannah Elizabeth Hicks (1746-47), baptised at Great Witcombe, 20 June 1746; died 17 June 1747 and was buried at Coberley, where she was commemorated by a monument, now lost;
(6) Alice Hicks (1747-69?), baptised at Great Witcombe, 14 December 1747; married, September 1768 (licence 15 September), probably at Great Witcombe, as his second wife, Thomas Lowfield of Oundle (Northants) and Bath (Som.); said to have died in 1769 and been buried at Great Witcombe;
(7) Anne Hicks (1749-74), baptised at Great Witcombe, 10 November 1749; married James King (1732-1822) of Stanton (Herefs) (who m2, Margaret Cornish (d. 1836); buried at Great Witcombe, 25 March 1774;
(8) Henrietta Howe Hicks (1752-68), baptised at Great Witcombe, 8 August 1752; died young, 16 March 1768 and was buried at Great Witcombe, where she was commemorated by a monument;
(9) Sir William Hicks (1754-1834), 7th bt. (q.v.);
(10) Michael Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1760-1830) [for whom see below, under Hicks Beach of Williamstrip, Earls St. Aldwyn].
He inherited the Witcombe Park estate from his father in 1727 and came of age in 1743.
He died suddenly of an apoplexy while berating some workmen at Witcombe, 9 April 1801, and was buried at Great Witcombe, where he was commemorated by a monument; his will was proved in the PCC, 11 February 1802. His widow died 4 May 1802 and was buried at Great Witcombe.

Sir William Hicks, 7th bt. 
Hicks, Sir William (1754-1834), 7th bt. 
Elder surviving son of Sir Howe Hicks (1722-1801), 6th bt., and his wife Martha, daughter of Rev. John Browne of Salperton Park (Glos), rector of Coberley (Glos), born 29 October and baptised at Great Witcombe, 26 November 1754. Educated at Pembroke College, Oxford (matriculated 1771; MA 1775). He succeeded his father as 7th baronet, August 1801. He was officer commanding the Cheltenham Volunteers (Capt., 1798); JP for Gloucestershire (Chairman of Cheltenham Petty Sessions); High Sheriff of Gloucestershire, 1812-13. In 1818, a labourer working in his fields discovered substantial remains of a Roman villa, which he excavated with the assistance of the antiquarian, Samuel Lysons. He was 'a little, frail man, with a puckered brow and a stuttering tongue, who 'developed an unexpected virility and an unexpected temper' after the death of his father. He married 1st, 12 May 1785 at Redmarley d'Abitot (then Worcs, now Glos), Judith (c.1760-87), third daughter and co-heir of Edward Whitcombe of Orleton (Herefs), and 2nd, 7 October 1793 at Sherborne St. John (Hants), Anne Rachel (c.1756-1839), eldest daughter of Thomas Lobb Chute of The Vyne (Hants), and had issue:
(1.1) Howe Hicks (1786-87), baptised at Withington (Glos), 16 June 1786; said to have suffered from severe learning difficulties; died on his first birthday and was buried at Great Witcombe, 15 June 1787;
(2.1) Anne Rachel Hicks (1794-1885), Lady Cromie (q.v.).
He lived at a house called Belle Vue at the eastern end of the High St., Cheltenham, until he inherited the Witcombe Park estate from his father in 1801, though he kept the Cheltenham house on until 1816 for his occasional use thereafter; it subsequently became the Belle Vue Hotel.
He died 23 October 1834, when his baronetcy passed to his great-nephew, Michael Hicks Beach (1809-54), 8th bt., [see below, Hicks-Beach family of Williamstrip Park, Earls St. Aldwyn].  He was buried at Great Witcombe, 30 October 1834, where he was commemorated by a monument; his will was proved in the PCC, 13 November 1834. His first wife died of consumption, 5 March 1787. His widow died 13 April 1839 and was buried at Great Witcombe, where she was commemorated by a monument.

Ann Rachel, Lady Cromie 
Hicks, Anne Rachel (1794-1885), Lady Cromie. 
Only surviving child of Sir William Hicks (1754-1834), 7th bt., and his second wife, Anne Rachel, eldest daughter of Thomas Lobb Chute of The Vyne (Hants), born 11 September, and baptised at St Swithin, Walcot, Bath (Som.), 15 September, and again at Great Witcombe, 29 October 1794. She grew up to be not quite five feet tall and from childhood was regarded as ill-favoured, so it is no great surprise to find that her head was turned by a handsome but penniless adventurer, who saw only her prospective inheritance. She 
was intended to inherit both The Vyne and Witcombe Park, but she was disinherited from The Vyne by her uncle, Thomas Vere Chute, after she eloped in 1816. After her marriage, she and her husband embarked on a long honeymoon in Europe, presumably to let the scandal die down, but while they were in Paris, her husband ran off with her maid. Anne was brought home to Witcombe, and lived there for the rest of her life, though her father very nearly disinherited her of that estate too, when in 1827 her husband reappeared and she decided to take a house with him in Cheltenham. She was persuaded against the idea, however, although she continued to visit him after he was confined in an asylum, and by her father's will she inherited Witcombe Park on the death of her mother in 1839, with remainder to her first cousin once removed, William Hicks Hicks Beach (1810-44), who was also given the power to appoint the heir to his expectations of the Witcombe estate should he predecease her. When this unexpected eventuality occurred in 1844, her heir became an even more distant cousin, the infant William Frederick Hicks Beach (1841-1923) (q.v.), and she seems to have ceased caring for the maintenance of her property. Her resources were poured instead into maintaining essentially pre-Georgian traditions of domestic service and hospitality to all comers at Witcombe, the support of an adopted family (Mrs. Fleming, the daughter of a former admirer of Lady Cromie, who after a disastrous marriage which Lady Cromie had unwisely promoted, evidently lived with her from 1852 as her companion, with her two daughters), and liberal contributions to the religious and educational initiatives of the Rev. Francis Close in Cheltenham. The continuation of these outgoings through her long lifetime left the estate heavily mortgaged and Witcombe Park largely derelict. She married first at Gretna Green in February 1816, and then, 16 March 1816 at St Marylebone (Middx), Sir William Lambert Cromie (c.1780-1841), 2nd bt., of Stacumnie (Co. Kildare), son of Sir Michael Cromie, 1st bt., a Liverpool banker who absconded to France  in 1802 when his firm became bankrupt, but had no issue.
She inherited the Witcombe Park estate on the death of her mother in 1839, and at her death bequeathed it to her first cousin, twice removed, William Frederick Hicks Beach (1841-1923).
She died aged 91 on 23 September, and was buried at Great Witcombe, 26 September 1885; her will was proved 23 December 1885 (effects £2,085). Her husband died in an asylum, 27 March 1841, when his baronetcy became extinct.

William Frederick Hicks Beach
 (1841-1923) 
Hicks Beach, William Frederick (1841-1923). 
Younger surviving son of Sir Michael Hicks Beach (1809-54), 8th bt. [for whom see Hicks Beach of Williamstrip Park, Earls St. Aldwyn below], and his wife Harriet Vittoria (1813-1900), second daughter of John Stratton of Farthinghoe Lodge (Northants), born 14 July and baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 9 October 1841. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1858). An officer in the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars (Cornet, 1863; retired c.1865). JP (from 1869) and chairman of Cheltenham Petty Sessions, 1901-08; a Member of Cheltenham Board of Guardians, 1882-1923 (Chairman, 1884-1923); in recognition of his public service he was 
made an honorary freeman of the borough of Cheltenham, 1922. Gloucestershire County Councillor for Andoversford, 1889-97 and subsequently County Alderman, 1897-1923; Chairman of Gloucestershire County Public Health Committee; Member of the Military Service Act Appeal Tribunal for Gloucestershire, 1916-19. He was also Chairman of Gloucester Diocesan Board of Finance, the Gloucestershire Agricultural Society and the Gloucestershire Root, Fruit & Grain Society. Conservative MP for Tewkesbury, 1916-18, in succession to his nephew, Viscount Quenington, who was killed in the First World War. Master of the Cotswold Hunt 1885-93. He married 1st, 5 July 1865 at St Peter, Eaton Square, Westminster (Middx), Elizabeth Caroline (1841-1901), daughter of Thomas Tyrwhitt Drake of Shardeloes (Bucks), and 2nd, 25 November 1903 at St Barnabas, Pimlico (Middx), Emily Susan (1866-1958), daughter of Admiral Henry Christian MVO, Chief Constable of Gloucestershire, and had issue:
(1.1) William Hicks Beach (1866-1906), born 12 July 1866; educated at Charterhouse School; an officer in 4th (militia) battn, Gloucestershire Regiment (Lt., 1886; Capt., 1888; retired 1896); reputedly as a consequence of a failed love affair he emigrated to California about 1898, where he lived the 'purposeless existence' of a remittance man and had a variety of menial jobs for short periods; died unmarried at Bakersfield, California (USA), 20 July 1906, and was buried there; administration granted to his father, 26 May 1909 (estate £14,397);
(1.2) Violet Elizabeth Hicks Beach (1867-1931), born at Sandleford Lodge (Berks), 14 August 1867; married, 3 December 1907 at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster (Middx), Rt. Hon. Robert Threshie Read (1846-1923) 1st Earl Loreburn, Lord Chancellor, 1905-12, but had no issue; died 5 February 1931; will proved 5 March 1931 (estate £38,430);
(1.3) Margaret Agnes Hicks Beach (1869-1943), born at Sandleford Lodge, 21 February 1869; married, 21 October 1908 at Great Witcombe, Joseph Dillworth Crewdson (1875-1946) of Syde Manor (Glos), farmer and landowner, youngest son of Theodore Crewdson of Syde, but had no issue; died 8 March 1943; will proved 6 August 1943 (estate £14,353);
(1.4) Heather Edith Hicks Beach (1870-80), born at Sandleford Lodge, 22 August 1870; died young, 7 April 1880 and was buried at Great Witcombe, where she was commemorated by a monument;
(1.5) Michael Hicks Beach (1872-1952), born at Shardeloes, 8 August and baptised at Amersham (Bucks), 18 September 1872; emigrated to USA and farmed at Bedford, New York (USA); served in Thorneycrofts Mounted Infantry (Sergeant) and Canadian Expeditionary Force (Corporal); married, 20 December 1907, Helene (c.1874-1941), daughter of Arthur Des Fosses of Montreal (Canada), and had issue three sons; died at Yorktown, New York (USA), 6 July 1952;
(1.6) Ellis Hicks Beach (1874-1943) (q.v.);
(1.7) Edward Howe Hicks Beach (1875-1967), born 7 December 1875; educated at Marlborough College; emigrated to British Columbia (Canada), 1893 and moved to Seattle, Washington (USA), 1921 and later, c.1940, to Los Angeles, California (USA), where he became a naturalised Amercian citizen, 1951; married, 2 September 1903 at North Cowichan, British Columbia, Alberta Louise (d. 1946), daughter of William Penn Jaynes of Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada), and had issue one son and two daughters; died aged 91 at Culver City, Los Angeles, 21 April 1967;
(1.8) Charles Hicks Beach (1878-1961), born 5 January and was baptised at Great Witcombe, 17 February 1878; civil engineer and district surveyor with Gloucestershire County Council; emigrated to Canada in 1907 and became an insurance agent; served in First World War with Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1915-18, but returned to England and worked as a garage mechanic at Kingsdown (Kent); died unmarried, 13 March 1961; will proved 9 June 1961 (estate £3,503);
(1.9) Myrtle Ardina Hicks Beach (1879-1937), baptised at Great Witcombe (Glos), 5 October 1879; ran a guest house at Kingsdown (Kent); died unmarried, 17 June, and was buried at Great Witcombe, 19 June 1937; will proved 2 September 1937 (estate £6.738).
After his marriage he rented Sandleford Lodge near Newbury (Berks) for several years. He then moved to Cranham Lodge on the Witcombe estate until he inherited the Witcombe Park estate from his first cousin twice removed, Lady Cromie, in 1885, and rebuilt the house.
He died 7 September and was buried at Great Witcombe, 10 September 1923; his will was proved 8 January 1924 (estate £38,835). His first wife died 22 January, and was buried at Great Witcombe, 25 January 1901; her will was proved 13 March 1901 (estate £1,010). His widow died 17 November 1958; her will was proved 22 January 1959 (estate £39,950).

Hicks Beach, Ellis (1874-1943). Third son of William Frederick Hicks Beach (1841-1923) and his first wife, Elizabeth Caroline, daughter of Thomas Tyrwhitt Drake of Shardeloes (Bucks), born 22 April 1874. Educated at Charterhouse. A career civil servant, he retired as Chief Chancery Registrar of the Supreme Court. He served in the First World War in the Welsh Guards (2nd Lt.) and 2nd (Vol. Battn), Gloucestershire Regiment. He married, 24 September 1903 at Thames Ditton (Surrey), Nancy (1877-1942), only child of Spencer Whitehead of Imber Grove, Thames Ditton (Surrey), a Master of the Supreme Court, and had issue:
(1) Rachel Hicks Beach (1904-83), born 17 July and baptised at Thames Ditton, 24 August 1904; married, 10 April 1934 at Great Witcombe, Col. Edward Roderick Hill DSO (1904-98) of St. Arvan's Court, Chepstow (Mon.), Lord Lieutenant of Monmouthshire, only son of Capt. Roderick Tickell Hill, and had issue one son and one daughter; died 3 September 1983; will proved 25 October 1983 (estate £217,760);
(2) William Whitehead Hicks Beach (1907-75) (q.v.);
(3) Anne Hicks Beach (1908-77), born 30 March and baptised at Great Witcombe, 6 May 1908; married, 27 April 1931 at Great Witcombe, Rupert William Dudley Leigh (1909-79), 4th Baron Leigh, of Adlestrop Park (Glos) and Stoneleigh House (Warks), and had issue four sons; died 30 May 1977; cremated and ashes buried at Stoneleigh; will proved 22 September 1977 (estate £20,361);
(4) Letitia Hicks Beach (1909-84), born 16 October 1909; antiques shop owner; married 1st, 7 August 1931 (div. 1939), Horace Alfred Townsend (1906-65), only son of William Alfred Townsend, and had issue one son and one daughter; married 2nd, 20 January 1947 (div. 1960), George Rufus Miles (1909-92), son of George Rufus Miles of Greenwich, and had issue two sons; married 3rd, 10 November 1960, John Messent Grover (1916-97), son of Douglas Walter Grover of Amberley (Glos); died 19 October 1984;
(5) Spencer Ellis Hicks Beach (1911-69), born 7 May 1911; farmer; died unmarried at Barnwood House Mental Hospital, 30 November and was buried at Great Witcombe, 5 December 1969; will proved 20 January 1970 (estate £3,802);
(6) John Hicks Beach (b. & d. 1913), born 4 May 1913; died in infancy, 15 June 1913.
He lived at Cranham House, Hampton-on-Thames in 1907-11, and inherited the Witcombe Park estate from his father in 1923, presumably because his elder brother had emigrated to America. 
He died 27 September and was buried at Great Witcombe, 30 September 1943; his will was proved 29 March 1944 and 27 April 1964 (estate £22,102). His wife died 7 September and was buried at Great Witcombe, 10 September 1942; her will was proved 27 January 1943 (estate £8.918).

W.W. Hicks Beach MP
Hicks Beach, William Whitehead (1907-75). 
Eldest son of Ellis Hicks Beach (1874-1943) and his wife Nancy, only child of Spencer Whitehead of Imber Grove, Thames Ditton (Surrey), a Master of the Supreme Court, born 20 March and baptised at Thames Ditton (Surrey), 29 June 1907. Educated at Eton and Magdalene College, Cambridge. Admitted a solicitor, 1932; partner in Marshall & Hicks Beach (later Payne, Hicks Beach & Co.) from 1933, and also a farmer at Great Witcombe and Cranham. He was an officer in the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars (Maj.), DL for Gloucestershire, Alderman of Cheltenham Borough Council and Conservative MP for Cheltenham, 1950-64. He was an enthusiastic devotee of traditional country pursuits, especially hunting, shooting and fishing. He married, 12 September 1939 at Holywell (Lincs), Diana (1911-2002), daughter of Christopher Gurney Hoare of Gateley Hall (Norfk) and Holywell Hall (Lincs), and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Anne Hicks Beach (1940-2018), born 17 August 1940; married 1st, 19 May 1962 (div. 1975), Simon Ernest Houlston Clarke (b. 1938), ship broker and racehorse owner, only son of Thomas Graves Clarke of Knightsbridge (Middx), and had issue two sons; married 2nd, 1987, Peter Malcolm Hinson (1928-2009) of Uckfield (Sussex), son of Harold Sydney Hinson; died 9 March 2018; will proved 28 June 2018;
(2) Mark William Hicks Beach (1943-98) (q.v.);
(3) Rosemary Gillian Hicks Beach (b. 1944), born 3 June 1944; married, 31 July 1965, Maj-Gen. (David) Murray Naylor CB MBE DL (b. 1938) of Huttons Ambo (Yorks NR), younger son of Thomas Humphrey Naylor of The Grange, Ashton (Ches.), and had issue three sons.
He inherited the Witcombe Park estate from his father in 1943.
He died 1 January 1975 and was buried at Great Witcombe; his will was proved 8 July 1975 (estate £178,512). His widow died 28 August 2002; her will was proved 11 March 2003.

Hicks Beach, Mark William (1943-98). Only son of William Whitehead Hicks Beach (1907-75) and his wife Diana, daughter of Christopher Gurney Hoare of Gateley Hall (Norfk), born 8 February 1943. Educated at Eton. He married, 25 March 1966, Cecilia Ruth (1939-2019), elder daughter of Douglas Allan Wright of Ashford (Kent), and had issue:
(1) Jonathan Ellis Hicks Beach (b. & d. 1967), born February 1967; died in infancy, 26 April, and was buried at Great Witcombe, 29 April 1967;
(2) Andrew William Hicks Beach (b. 1970), born 1970;
(3) Lucinda Jane Hicks Beach (b. 1975), born 1975; married, 2 October 1999, James Charles Wakefield (b. 1973) of Epperstone (Notts), son of Richard Herbert Wakefield, and had issue three daughters;
(4) Frederick David Hicks Beach (b. 1980), born 6 November 1980; educated at Cheltenham College and Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester (BSc); partner in Beach Baker Recruitment, 2008-20; inherited the Great Witcombe estate from his father in 1998 and rebuilt the house in 2007.
He inherited the Witcombe Park estate from his father in 1975.
He died 7 February 1998; his will was proved 3 November 1998. His widow died 4 March 2019; her will was proved 31 December 2019.

Hicks-Beach family of Williamstrip Park, Earls St. Aldwyn


Hicks (later Hicks Beach), Michael (1760-1830). Younger surviving son of Sir Howe Hicks (1722-1801), 6th bt., and his wife Martha, daughter of Rev. John Browne of Salperton Park (Glos), rector of Coberley (Glos), born 11 April 1760. Educated at Magdalen College, Oxford (matriculated 1778). JP for Gloucestershire and Wiltshire; Treasurer of Gloucestershire Quarter Sessions; High Sheriff of Gloucestershire, 1791-92; DL for Gloucestershire from 1796; MP for Cirencester, 1794-1818. He took the additional surname of Beach by royal licence, 23 June 1790. He married, 7 October 1779, Henrietta Maria (1760-1837), only surviving daughter of William Beach of Netheravon (Wilts) [for whom see below, Beach family of Fittleton Manor, Keevil House, Netheravon House and Oakley Hall], and had issue:
(1) Michael Beach Hicks Beach (1780-1815) (q.v.);
(2) William Hicks (1781-82), baptised at Netheravon, 22 October 1781; died in infancy and was buried at Fittleton, 7 May 1782;
(3) William Hicks Beach (later Beach) (1783-1856) [for whom see below, Beach family of Fittleton Manor, Keevil House, Netheravon House and Oakley Hall];
(4) Henrietta Maria Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1784-1808), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 2 August 1784; died unmarried, 22 June, and was buried at Fittleton, 28 June 1808;
(5) Ann Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1785-1802), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn (Glos), 11 August 1785; died young, 15 October 1802 and was buried at Gt. Witcombe, but is commemorated by a monument at Fittleton;
(6) Jane Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1786-96), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 14 December 1786; died young, 1 January, and was buried at Leyton (Essex), 7 January 1796, but is commemorated by a monument at Fittleton;
(7) Charles Howe Hicks (b. & d. 1788), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 11 April 1788; died in infancy and was buried at Gt. Witcombe, 1 June 1788;
(8) Jane Martha Hicks Beach (1801-82), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 3 August or 22 October 1801; acted as companion to her mother in the 1830s and later as housekeeper for her brother William at Oakley Hall in the 1840s before her late marriage; in the 1850s, a pioneering female photographer, noted particularly for calotype views taken in Italy while travelling with her husband; married, 24 February 1848, Edward William St. John (1815-86), son of Rev. Edward St. John of Ashe Park (Hants), but had no issue; died 18 November 1882 and was buried at Oakley; will proved 5 April 1883 (effects £2,613).
He inherited the Beverston Castle estate from his second cousin once removed in 1764 and came of age in 1781. He and his wife purchased Williamstrip Park from the estate of Samuel Blackwell in 1785. In 1790, on the death of her father, his wife inherited the Fittleton Manor, Keevil House and Netheravon House estates, and he inherited Shaw Hill House, Melksham. In 1799 he purchased the Bowling Green House, Woodford Bridge (Essex) from his distant relatives, but sold it again in 1800. He remodelled Williamstrip Park and Netheravon House to the designs of Sir John Soane.
He died at Williamstrip, 5 January 1830. His widow died 18 October 1837; her will was proved in the PCC, 27 January 1838.

Hicks Beach, Michael Beach (1780-1815). Eldest son of Michael Hicks (later Hicks Beach) of Williamstrip Park, and his wife Henrietta Maria, only surviving daughter of William Beach of Netheravon House (Wilts), born 22 October and baptised at Netheravon, 20 November 1780. Educated at Eton, in Edinburgh (by the Rev. Sydney Smith) and at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1800). He was an officer in the Coln St. Aldwyn, Hatherop and Quenington Volunteer Infantry (later Brightwells Barrow Hundred Volunteers (Capt., 1803; Maj. 1804). He married, 26 January 1809, reputedly at Wasing (Berks)*, Caroline Jane (1786-1860), eldest daughter of William Mount of Wasing Place, and had issue:
(1) Sir Michael Hicks Beach (1809-54), 8th bt. (q.v.);
(2) William Hicks Hicks Beach (1810-44), born 19 November and baptised at Wasing, 20 November 1810; educated at Harrow and Oriel College, Oxford (matriculated 1828; BA 1832), and undertook a tour of France, Italy and Greece, 1834; was intended to inherit Witcombe Park from Lady Cromie but predeceased her; he died unmarried and without issue, reputedly from internal juries received while cutting trees in Oakley Park, 7 August, and was buried at Great Witcombe, 14 August 1844;
(3) Caroline Jane Hicks Beach (1812-21), baptised at Longborough (Glos), 9 November 1812; died young in London, 15 April 1821.
After his marriage, he lived at Banks Fee House, Longborough, which he rented.
He died in the lifetime of his father, 27 September 1815 and was buried at Fittleton, 4 October 1815, where he and his daughter are commemorated by a mural monument. His widow died in London, 4 May and was buried at Great Witcombe (Glos), 11 May 1860; will proved 26 May 1860 (effects under £4,000).
* But according to the transcript prepared by the Berkshire Family History Society, there is no entry for this marriage in the Wasing parish register.

Hicks Beach, Sir Michael Hicks (1809-54), 8th bt. Elder son of Michael Hicks Beach (1780-1815) and his wife Caroline Jane, eldest daughter of William Mount of Wasing Place (Berks), born at Netheravon, 25 October 1809. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1827). He succeeded his great-uncle as 8th baronet, 23 October 1834. JP and DL for Gloucestershire; High Sheriff of Gloucestershire, 1840-41. An officer in the Royal North Gloucestershire Militia (Lt-Col). Conservative MP for East Gloucestershire, January-November 1854. He married, 14 August 1832 at Farthinghoe (Northants), Harriett Vittoria (1813-1900), second daughter of John Stratton of Farthinghoe Lodge, and had issue:
(1) Ellis Henry Hicks Beach (1836-37), born 30 August and baptised at St Mary, St Marylebone (Middx), 25 September 1836; died of influenza, 11 January 1837;
(2) Sir Michael Edward Hicks Beach (1837-1916), 9th bt. and 1st Earl St. Aldwyn (q.v.);
(3) Caroline Julia Hicks Beach (1839-1917), born 24 October 1839 and baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 28 January 1840; married, 7 May 1861 at Coln St. Aldwyn, Sir John Talbot Dillwyn-Llewellyn (1836-1927), 1st bt., MP, son of John Dillwyn Llewellyn of Penllergare (Glam.), and had issue four sons and three daughters; died 3 March 1917; administration of her goods was granted to her husband, 14 May 1917 (estate £2,196);
(4) William Frederick Hicks Beach (1841-1923) [for whom see above, under Hicks (later Hicks Beach) family of Witcombe Park];
(5) Henrietta Maria Hicks Beach (b. & d. 1843), born about September and baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 16 October 1843; died in infancy and was buried at St George, Hanover Sq., Westminster (Middx), 25 November 1843;
(6) Emily Georgina Jane Hicks Beach (1845-1930), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 23 October 1845; married, 28 January 1864 at Coln St. Aldwyn, George Pargiter Fuller MP (1833-1927) of Neston Park (Wilts), son of John Bird Fuller, brewer, and had issue five sons and one daughter; died 30 December 1930; administration of her goods granted 31 August 1931 (estate £3,179);
(7) Alice Mary Hicks Beach (1847-1933), born 10 April and baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 25 May 1847; married, 8 August 1865 at Coln St Aldwyn, William Henry Barneby (1843-1914) of Longworth Hall and Brockington Grange (Herefs), and had issue four sons and six daughters; died 27 January 1933; her will was proved 10 April 1933 (estate £5,108);
(8) Henrietta Maria Hicks Beach (1849-1932), born in February and baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 29 March 1849; married, 7 January 1873 at Coln St. Aldwyn, as his second wife, Rev. Robert Lowbridge Baker (1831-1904) of Ramsden House (Oxon), rector of Wilcote-cum-Ramsden, son of Robert Baker of West Hay, Wrington (Som.), and had issue one son and six daughters; died 25 February 1932;  her will was proved 20 May 1932 (estate £10,411);
(9) Laura Harriet Hicks Beach (1851-74), born 5 March and baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 22 April 1851; married, 19 November 1872 at Coln St. Aldwyn, Arthur Charles Mitchell (1847-1917) (who m2, 1888, Constance Lucy (1858-1945), daughter of John Henry Elwes of Colesbourne House (Glos)), of Highgrove House, Tetbury (Glos), and had issue one daughter; died 6 March and was buried at Coln St. Aldwyn, 12 March 1874;
(10) Mary Ethel Hicks Beach (1853-1914), born 27 June and baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 14 August 1853; married, 12 October 1882 at Coln St Aldwyn, William Brooks (1853-1929), 2nd Baron Crawshaw, of Crawshaw Hall, Rawtenstall (Lancs), and had issue two sons and two daughters; died 1 October 1914; will proved 19 December 1914 (estate £12,500).
He inherited the Beverston Castle, Williamstrip Park, Fittleton Manor and Netheravon House estates from his grandfather in 1830, but sold Beverston in 1842.
He died of typhoid fever, 22 November, and was buried at Coln St. Aldwyn, 29 November 1854; his will was proved in the PCC, 14 March 1855. His widow died 20 January and was buried at Coln St. Aldwyn, 25 January 1900; her will was proved 14 March 1900 (estate £1,819).

Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, 9th bt. 
& 1st Earl St. Aldwyn
Hicks Beach, Rt. Hon. Sir Michael Edward (1837-1916), 9th bt. and 1st Earl St. Aldwyn. 
Elder surviving son of Sir Michael Hicks Beach (1809-54), 8th bt., and his wife Harriett Vittoria, second daughter of John Stratton of Farthinghoe Lodge (Northants), born 23 October and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., Westminster (Middx), 19 November 1837. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford (BA 1858; MA 1861; hon. DCL 1878), after which he undertook a short European tour. He succeeded his father as 9th baronet, 22 November 1854. He became a freemason in 1856 and was Senior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of England, 1865, and Provincial Grand Master for Gloucestershire from 1885. JP and DL for Gloucestershire, and latterly Chairman of Fairford Petty Sessions; Conservative MP for East Gloucestershire, 1864-85 and for Bristol West, 1885-1906; Parliamentary Secretary to the Poor Law Board, 1868, Under-Secretary for Home Office, 1868; Chief Secretary for Ireland, 1874-78, 1886-87; Secretary of State for Colonies, 1878-80; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1885-86 and 1895-1902; President of Board of Trade, 1888-92; Church Estates Commissioner, 1892-95, 1908-16; High Steward of Gloucester; Chairman of South Wales Coal Trade Conciliation Board. He was sworn of the Privy Councils of Great Britain and Ireland, 1874, was raised to the peerage as Viscount St. Aldwyn, 6 January 1906, and was promoted in the peerage to be Earl St. Aldwyn and Viscount Quenington, 22 February 1915. According to an obituarist, he was 'possessed of a dignified presence, an austere manner, and a precise method of public speech', but 'could be passionate when the occasion required'; his nickname in the House of Commons was 'Black Thomas', derived from his full dark beard; civil servants and junior ministers went in fear of his temper when annoyed. He was a total abstainer and never smoked in an age when almost all men did. He married, 1st, 6 January 1864, Caroline Susan (d. 1865), daughter of John Henry Elwes of Colesbourne Park (Glos), and 2nd, 3 September 1874, Lady Lucy Catherine (d. 1940), third daughter of Hugh Fortescue (1818-1905), 3rd Earl Fortescue, and had issue:
(2.1) Lady Eleanor Lucy Hicks Beach (1875-1960), born in Dublin, 29 October 1875; married, 14 February 1907 at St Margaret, Westminster (Middx), Lt-Col. Sir John Keane (1873-1956), 5th bt., army officer and barrister-at-law, of Cappoquin House (Co. Waterford), and had issue one son and three daughters; died in Dublin, 1 December 1960; will proved in London, 7 April 1961 (effects in England, £11,774) and in Dublin, 11 September 1961 (estate in Ireland, £11,887);
(2.2) Michael Hugh Hicks Beach (1877-1916), Viscount Quenington (q.v.);
(2.3) Lady Susan Evelyn Hicks Beach (1878-1965), born 15 June 1878; farmer; lived with her widowed mother and sister at The Manor House, Coln St. Aldwyn and later at Fittleton Manor House, which was sold after her death; died unmarried, 17 February 1965 and was buried at Fittleton; her will was proved 8 June 1965 (estate £28,838);
(2.4) Lady Victoria Alexandrina Hicks Beach (1879-1963), born 12 September and baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 19 October 1879 (HM Queen Victoria was her godmother); farmer; lived with her widowed mother and sister at The Manor House, Coln St. Aldwyn and later at Fittleton Manor House; wrote a Life of Sir Michael Hicks Beach (1932); died unmarried, 29 April 1963, and was buried at Fittleton; will proved 10 October 1963 (estate £18,731).
He inherited the Williamstrip Park, Fittleton Manor and Netheravon House estates from his father in 1854 and came of age in 1858. He sold the Netheravon and Fittleton estates to the War Office in 1898.
He died 30 April 1916, just six days after learning of his only son's death, and was buried at Coln St. Aldwyn, 4 May 1916. His first wife died following childbirth, 14 August 1865. His widow died 17 March 1940.

M.H. Hicks Beach, Viscount Quenington 
Hicks Beach, Michael Hugh (1877-1916), Viscount Quenington. 
Only son of Rt. Hon. Sir Michael Edward Hicks Beach (1837-1916), 9th bt. and 1st Earl St. Aldwyn, and his second wife, 
Lady Lucy Catherine, third daughter of Hugh Fortescue, 3rd Earl Fortescue, born 19 January 1877. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford (BA 1901; MA 1904). JP for Gloucestershire, 1901-16; Conservative MP for Tewkesbury, 1906-16. He was an officer in the Royal Gloucestershire Yeomanry (2nd Lt., 1898; Lt., 1899 and Adjutant) and served in the First World War with the 4th battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment (Capt., 1915; mentioned in despatches). He married, 28 September 1909, Marjorie (1883-1916), daughter of Henry Dent-Brocklehurst of Sudeley Castle (Glos), and had issue:
(1) Lady Delia Mary Hicks Beach (1910-2006), born 2 August and baptised at Sudeley, 11 September 1910; granted the rank of an Earl's daughter, 12 January 1920; Lady-in-Waiting to Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester; married, 3 December 1934 at Coln St Aldwyn (Glos), Brig. Sir Michael Dillwyn-Venables-Llewelyn (1900-76), 3rd bt., Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshire, and had issue one son and one daughter; died aged 96 on 29 November 2006;
(2) Michael John Hicks Beach, 2nd Earl St. Aldwyn (1912-92) (q.v.).
He bought back the Manor House at Fittleton in 1901, and bequeathed it to his sisters, who lived there from 1946 to their deaths, after which it was sold.
He was killed in action at Katya (Egypt), 23 April 1916, and was buried at Cairo New British Protestant Cemetery next to his wife; his will was proved 24 August 1916 (estate £145,294). His wife travelled to Egypt so as to be near him, but died of enteric fever in Cairo (Egypt), 4 March 1916 and was buried at Cairo New British Protestant Cemetery; administration of her goods was granted 5 October 1916 (estate £988).

2nd Earl St. Aldwyn 
(Image: NPG)
Hicks Beach, Rt. Hon. Michael John (1912-92), 2nd Earl St. Aldwyn. 
Only son of Michael Hugh Hicks Beach (1877-1916), Viscount Quenington, and his wife Marjorie, daughter of Henry Dent-Brocklehurst of Sudeley Castle (Glos), born 9 October and baptised at Sudeley Manor, 3 November 1912. He succeeded his grandfather as 2nd Earl St. Aldwyn (and 10th baronet), 30 April 1916, his mother having died two months earlier and his father having been killed in action a week earlier. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. He was an officer in the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars (2nd Lt., 1935; Lt., 1938; Capt., c.1940; Maj., 1942). JP (from 1952) and DL (from 1950) for Gloucestershire; Vice Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire, 1981-87. Parliamentary Secretary at Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, 1954-58; Capt. of the Gentleman at Arms and Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords, 1958-64, 1970-74; Opposition Chief Whip in House of Lords, 1964-70, 1974-78. He was sworn of the Privy Council, 1959, and appointed KBE, 1964 and GBE, 1980. He was Vice-Chancellor of the Order of St. John, 1969-78 and Chancellor, 1978-87, and was appointed GCStJ, 1978. He married, 26 June 1948, Diana Mary Christian DStJ (1915-92), only daughter of Henry Christian George Mills and formerly wife of Maj. Richard Patrick Pilkington Smyly (1911-95), and had issue:
(1) Michael Henry Hicks Beach (b. 1950), 3rd Earl St. Aldwyn (q.v.);
(2) The Hon. Peter Hugh Hicks Beach (1952-90), born 21 May 1952; painter; died unmarried, 5 May 1990; administration of goods granted 6 July 1990 (estate £166,357);
(3) The Hon. David Seymour Hicks Beach (b. 1955), born 25 May and baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, November 1955; educated at Eton and Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester; page of honour to HM The Queen, 1969-71; proprietor of The Bones Dogalogue (mail order accessories for dogs); Coln St Aldwyn Properties Ltd.; JP for Gloucestershire, 2009; married, 17 July 1993, Katrina (Kate) Louise Susannah, daughter of Michael Robert Quixano Henriques of Winson Manor (Glos), and had issue one son and two daughters; now living.
He inherited the Williamstrip Park estate from his grandfather in 1916 and came of age in 1938.
He died 29 January 1992; his will was proved 26 March 1992 (estate £1,495,536). His widow died 10 July 1992; her will was proved 5 February 1993 (estate £2,300,066).

3rd Earl St. Aldwyn
Hicks Beach, Michael Henry (b. 1950), 3rd Earl St. Aldwyn. 
Eldest son of Rt. Hon. Michael John Hicks Beach (1912-92), 2nd Earl St. Aldwyn, and his wife Diana Mary Christian, only daughter of Henry Christian Mills and formerly wife of Maj. Richard Patrick Pilkington Smyly, born 7 February 1950. Educated at Eton, Christ Church, Oxford (BA 1973; MA 1975) and Kings College, London (MA 2016). He worked in Brazil, 1973-1979, and then was responsible for Latin American markets at the New York office of ED&F Man, agricultural commodities trader, 1979-1989, before moving to London with ED&F Man, 1989-94. He then ran his own investment management company, 1994-2010. He was Chairman of the Anglo-Brazilian Society, 1996-2002 and a Director of BlackRock Latin American Investment Trust from 1996-2017. He is currently Chairman of Itacaré Capital Investment Ltd. and a director of Verde AgriTech and Coln St Aldwyn Properties Ltd. In the charitable field he has been a director of the Rank Foundation, a Governor of St. Paul’s School, a Patron of the Seven Springs Foundation and a director of the Launch It Trust. He was styled Viscount Quenington from birth until he succeeded his father as 3rd Earl (and 11th baronet), 29 January 1992. He married 1st, 16 April 1982 (div. 2005), Gilda Maria (b. 1949), only daughter of João Adolfo Pinto da Cunha, 4th Barão Saavedra of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), and 2nd, 21 October 2005 at Coln St. Aldwyn (div. 2014), Louise Andrea (b. 1955), psychoanalyst and therapist, daughter of Maj. Edwyn Inigo Lloyd Mostyn MC (1921-78) and formerly wife of Francis Derick Foster (1953-2021) and Michael Christian Wigan (b. 1945), and has issue:
(1.1) Lady Atalanta Maria Hicks Beach (b. 1983), born 6 September 1983; educated at Leeds University (BA 2006), School of Oriental & African Studies, London (MA 2007) and St Barts & Royal London Hospital (MB, BS 2014); paediatric doctor in NHS: married, 2016, Rafael Gryner, son of Leonardo Gryner of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), and has issue two daughters;
(1.2) Lady Aurora Ursula Hicks Beach (b. 1988), born 1988; worked as a stage manager of theatrical productions on Broadway, New York; environmental activist.
He inherited the Williamstrip Park estate from his father in 1992 but sold the house and park in 2007, while retaining a home on the estate.
Now living. His first wife is now living. His second wife is now living.

Beach family of Fittleton Manor, Keevil House, Netheravon House and Oakley Hall


Beach, William (d. 1686). Eldest son of William Beach (d. 1647) of Brixton Deverell (Wilts) and his wife Joan Adlam. He married Mary (d. 1694), sister of John Giffard of Alhampton (Som.), and had issue including:
(1) Joan Beach (c.1650-84), baptised at Brixton Deverill, 12 June 16xx*; married, 14 July 1670 at Fittleton, John Champneys (d. 1705) of Orchardleigh (Som.), and had issue; died 1684 and was buried at Orchardleigh;
(2) William Beach (1655-1741) (q.v.).
He inherited property at Brixton Deverell from his father and purchased the manor of Fittleton (Wilts) in 1665 and Keevil Manor House in 1678 from his mother's family, the Adlams.
He was buried at Fittleton, 6 May 1686; his will was proved at Salisbury, 21 May 1686. His widow was buried at Fittleton, 30 March 1693.
* The entry in the parish register has an illegible year, but states that it has been copied from an earlier (now lost) book, and must therefore date from before 1653.

Beach, William (1655-1741). Son of William Beach (d. 1686) and his wife Mary, sister of John Giffard of Alhampton (Wilts), baptised at Brixton Deverill, 4 January 1655/6. Educated at Balliol College, Oxford (matriculated 1673). He married, 9 October 1679 at Deane (Hants), Anne (d. 1742), eldest surviving daughter of Gilbert Wither of Hall Place (Hants), and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Beach (1680-1710), baptised at Deane (Hants), 15 July 1680; married, 6 October 1709 at Fittleton, George Grinley (d. 1741) of Covent Garden, Westminster (Middx) and later of Putney (Surrey), but had no issue; buried at St Paul, Covent Garden, 21 May 1710;
(2) Ann Beach (c.1681-82), probably born in 1681; died in infancy, 1682;
(3) William Beach (1682-1708), baptised at Fittleton, 26 October 1682; joined East India Co. and died on the ship Europe; administration of goods granted to his father, 9 November 1708;
(4) Thomas Beach (1684-1753) (q.v.);
(5) Mary Beach (1686-1707), baptised at Keevil, 26 March 1686; died unmarried and was buried at Deane (Hants), 24 October 1707;
(6) Ann Beach (1688-1713), born 20 April and baptised at Fittleton, 10 May 1688; died unmarried and was buried at Fittleton, 10 May 1713;
(7) Dorothy Beach (1690-1772), baptised at Fittleton, 6 March 1789/90; died unmarried and was buried at Keevil, 25 February 1772;
(8) John Beach (1692-1750), baptised at Fittleton, 31 March 1692; evidently educated in London, perhaps through apprenticeship to a surgeon; married [name unknown] and had issue two sons and three daughters; said to have died in 1749/50;
(9) Maria Beach (b. 1694), baptised at Fittleton, 27 November 1694; probably died in infancy;
(10) Andrew Beach (1696-1735), born 3 October and baptised at Fittleton, 5 October 1696; surgeon in Bow Lane, London; married, 22 December 1726 at Salisbury Cathedral, Mary, daughter of William Wansborough of Salisbury (Wilts), and had issue two sons and two daughters (of whom only one daughter survived him); buried at St Mary, Aldermary, London, 1 March 1734/5; will proved in the PCC, 1 October 1735;
(11) Henrietta Maria Beach (1698-1713), baptised at Fittleton, 25 November 1698; died unmarried and was buried at Fittleton, 12 May 1713;
(12) Joan Beach (1700-65), baptised at Fittleton, 24 October 1700; died unmarried and was buried at Keevil, 5 July 1765; will proved in the PCC, 30 August 1765;
(13) Charles Beach (1703-05), baptised at Fittleton, 18 March 1702/3; died in infancy and was buried at Fittleton, 14 March 1704/5;
(14) Sophia Beach (1705-87), baptised at Fittleton, 18 September 1705; died unmarried and was buried at Keevil, 6 August 1787; will proved in the PCC, 14 September 1787.
He bought the Keevil estate in 1681 and inherited the Fittleton and Brixton Deverell estates and Keevil Manor House from his father in 1686.
He was buried at Keevil, 24 August 1741; his will was proved in the PCC, 26 November 1741. His widow died 6 April, and was buried at Keevil, 9 April 1742.

Beach, Thomas (1684-1753). Second, but eldest surviving, son of William Beach (1655-1741) and his wife Anne, eldest surviving daughter of Gilbert Wither of Hall Place (Hants), baptised at Keevil, 25 July 1684. Educated at New College, Oxford (matriculated 1707; BA 1711). JP for Wiltshire. He married, 14 October 1718 at Mere (Wilts), Jane (d. 1735), only daughter of James Harding of Mere (Wilts), and had issue including:
(1) William Beach (1719-90) (q.v.);
(2) twin?, Charles Beach (b. 1721), baptised at Fittleton, 12 July 1721; predeceased his father and probably died young;
(3) twin?, Thomas Beach (b. & d. 1721), baptised at Fittleton, 12 July 1721; died in infancy and was buried at Fittleton, 8 September 1721;
(4) James Beach (1722-40?), baptised at Fittleton, 20 July 1722; predeceased his father and was perhaps the boy of this name who was buried at Winchester College (Hants), 15 December 1740;
(5) Thomas Beach (b. & d. 1723), baptised at Fittleton, 3 September 1723; died in infancy and was buried at Fittleton, 1 October 1723;
(6) Jane Beach (1725-68), baptised at Fittleton, 28 October 1725; married, 26 August 1746, Rev. Thomas Talbot (1719-58) of Margam (Glam.), son of John Ivory Talbot of Lacock Abbey (Wilts), and had issue at least three sons and two daughters; buried at Keevil, 31 January 1768.
He inherited the Keevil House, Fittleton Manor and Brixton Deverell estates from his father.
He died 28 February and was buried at Keevil, 5 March 1753; his will was proved in the PCC, 22 March 1753. His wife was buried at Fittleton, 18 April 1735.

Beach, William (1719-90). Son of Thomas Beach (1684-1753) and his wife Jane, only daughter of James Harding of Mere (Wilts), baptised at Mere, 1 January 1719/20. Educated at New College, Oxford (matriculated 1739). JP for Wiltshire; High Sheriff of Wiltshire, 1778-79. He married, 29 June 1746, his second cousin, Anne (1718-88), youngest daughter and co-heir of Charles Wither of Hall Place (Hants), and had issue:
(1) William Wither Beach (1747-1829), baptised at Deane (Hants), 3 June 1747; educated at New College, Oxford (matriculated 1764), where he had some reputation as a poet; but, reputedly because he was crossed by his mother in a love affair, he 'fell into a low, odd and unsociable way' and became mentally ill for the rest of his life; he was left an allowance of £1,600 a year but no property or capital in his father's will, and seems to have lived at Netheravon House; buried at Fittleton, 1 July 1829;
(2) James Harding Beach (b. & d. 1748), baptised at Fittleton, 28 May 1748; died in infancy and was buried at Deane, 25 October 1748;
(3) Anne Beach (1749-71), baptised at Fittleton, 23 October 1749; two attempts to elope with the curate at Keevil having been frustrated by the vigilance of her mother, she waited until she was of age and then fled to him; and so she married, 22 November 1770 at Keevil, Rev. William Wainhouse (1738-97), curate of Keevil, but died of tuberculosis, 10 February 1771 and was buried at Steeple Ashton (Wilts); her husband subsequently wrote a libellous 'Tale of domestic and uncommon Parental Brutality', which was 'prepared for the Press, but was withheld from publication because the tale was too horrid for the general ear';
(4) Frances Beach (1752-54), baptised at Fittleton, 21 July 1752;
(5) Jane Beach (b. & d. 1754), baptised at Fittleton, 25 February 1754; died in infancy and was buried at Fittleton, 1 March 1754;
(6) Thomas Harding Beach (b. & d. 1758), baptised at Fittleton, 19 August 1758, but died in infancy and was buried the same day;
(7) Henrietta Maria Beach (1760-1837) (q.v.).
He inherited the Keevil, Fittleton and Brixton Deverell estates from his father in 1753. He also inherited property in Wiltshire, Dorset and Somerset and a considerable fortune from his maternal uncle, James Harding, a bachelor East India merchant; the money being used to fund the purchase of the Netheravon House estate in 1773, Shaw Hill House, Melksham, and Williamstrip Park. 
He died 9 June, and was buried at Fittleton, 16 June 1790, where he is commemorated by a monument designed by Williams of London; his will was proved in the PCC, 24 June 1790. His wife died at Oakley Hall, 4 January, and was buried at Deane (Hants), 11 January 1788.

Henrietta Maria Beach (1760-1837)
Beach, Henrietta Maria (1760-1837). 
Fourth daughter and sole heiress of William Beach (1719-90) and his wife Anne, youngest daughter and co-heir of Charles Wither of Hall Place (Hants), baptised at Fittleton (Wilts), 20 November 1760. She is said to have been the favourite child of her mother, and her portrait, painted when she was fifteen years of age, suggests a determined, self-centred nature. She may have mellowed somewhat after her marriage, which was a love match as well as being suitable from the point of view of both families. The family historian recorded that 'nothing would ever have made her into a woman of fashion' but that she was 'very deliberate, very conservative, very far-seeing, and had an immense care for detail'. In the 1790s she was a friend of the Rev. Sydney Smith, then curate at Netheravon and later the tutor to her sons, and supported his efforts for the welfare of the villagers at Netheravon and Fittleton. She married, 7 October 1779 at Netheravon (Wilts), Michael Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1760-1830) 
[for whom see above, under Hicks-Beach family of Williamstrip, Earls St. Aldwyn], and had issue:
(1) Michael Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1780-1815) [for whom see above, under Hicks-Beach family of Williamstrip, Earls St. Aldwyn];
(2) William Hicks (1781-82), baptised at Netheravon, 22 October 1781; died in infancy and was buried at Fittleton, 7 May 1782;
(3) William Hicks (later Hicks Beach, then Beach) (1783-1856) (q.v.);
(4) Henrietta Maria Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1784-1808), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 2 August 1784; died unmarried, 22 June, and was buried at Fittleton, 28 June 1808;
(5) Ann Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1785-1802), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn (Glos), 11 August 1785; died young, 15 October 1802 and was buried at Gt. Witcombe, but is commemorated by a monument at Fittleton;
(6) Jane Hicks (later Hicks Beach) (1786-96), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 14 December 1786; died young, 1 January, and was buried at Leyton (Essex), 7 January 1796, but is commemorated by a monument at Fittleton;
(7) Charles Howe Hicks (b. & d. 1788), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 11 April 1788; died in infancy and was buried at Gt. Witcombe, 1 June 1788;
(8) Jane Martha Hicks Beach (1801-82), baptised at Coln St. Aldwyn, 3 August or 22 October 1801; acted as companion to her mother in the 1830s and later as housekeeper for her brother William at Oakley Hall in the 1840s before her late marriage; in the 1850s, a pioneering female photographer, noted particularly for calotype views taken in Italy while travelling with her husband; married, 24 February 1848, Edward William St. John (1815-86), son of Rev. Edward St. John of Ashe Park (Hants), but had no issue; died 18 November 1882 and was buried at Oakley; will proved 5 April 1883 (effects £2,613).
She and her husband leased Shaw Hill House near Melksham until they purchased the Williamstrip Park (Glos) estate in 1785. They inherited the Netheravon House, Keevil, Fittleton and Brixton Deverell estates from her father in 1790.
She died 18 October 1837. Her husband died 5 January 1830. They are both commemorated by a monument at Fittleton (Wilts).

Hicks Beach (later Beach), William (1783-1856). Younger surviving son of Michael Hicks Beach (1760-1830) [for whom see above, under Hicks Beach of Williamstrip Park, Earls St. Aldwyn] and his wife Henrietta Maria, daughter of William Beach (1719-90), born 24 July and baptised at Melksham (Wilts), 26 August 1783. Educated in Edinburgh, 1800-03 by the Rev. Sydney Smith (who thought him 'the very best and most gentlemanly young man I ever saw' and though perhaps too reserved, 'of a very excellent understanding'), and at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1803; BA 1807; MA 1811). He was an officer in the Coln St. Aldwyn, Hatherop and Quenington Volunteer Infantry (later the Brightwells Barrow Hundred Volunteers) (Lt., 1803; Capt. 1804); the Royal West Gloucestershire Militia (2nd Maj, 1809) and the Royal North Gloucestershire Militia (Lt-Col., 1825). MP for Malmesbury, 1812-17. He dropped the surname Hicks by royal licence in 1838, in accordance with the will of his maternal grandfather. He married, 1 February 1826 at Salperton (Glos), Jane Henrietta (1809-31), daughter of John Browne of Salperton Park, and had issue:
(1) William Wither Bramston Beach (1826-1901) (q.v.);
(2) Mary Jane Beach (1828-1903), baptised at Deane (Hants), 13 October 1828; married, 19 April 1849, Sir Wyndham Spencer Portal (1822-1905), 1st bt. of Laverstoke (Hants), and had issue three sons and four daughters; died 4 November 1903 and was buried at Oakley (Hants);
(3) Henrietta Maria Beach (1830-1905), baptised at Deane, 18 November 1830; married, 22 June 1852, Col. Sir John Williams Wallington KCB (1822-1910) of Dursley (Glos) and later of Keevil Manor, and had issue four sons and three daughters; died 26 October and was buried at Keevil, 30 October 1905.
He inherited Keevil Manor from his father in 1830 and Oakley Hall (Hants) from his cousin, Wither Bramston, in 1832.
He died 22 November and was buried at Keevil, 29 November 1856; his will was proved in the PCC, 18 December 1856. His wife died 11 August 1831.

William Wither Bramston Beach (1826-1901)
in his masonic regalia, by J.M. Rogier. 
Beach, Rt. Hon. William Wither Bramston (1826-1901). 
Only son of William Hicks Beach (later Beach) (1783-1856) and his wife Jane Henrietta, daughter of John Browne of Salperton Park (Glos), baptised at Deane (Hants), 25 December 1826. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1845; BA 1849; MA 1856). JP (by 1856) and DL for Hampshire; an officer in the Hampshire Yeomanry Cavalry (Cornet by 1852; Capt., 1858; hon. Maj., 1881; retired 1882). MP for Hampshire, 1857-85 and for Andover, 1885-1901, and by the end of his long parliamentary career, Father of the House and a member of the Privy Council. He was a Director of the London & South-Western Railway He became a freemason at Oxford and was a very active mason throughout his life, becoming Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons, 1866-69, Provincial Grand Master for Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, and Third Grand Principal of the Supreme Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Freemasons of England. He married, 8 October 1857 at Westleigh (Devon), Caroline Chichester (1836-1918), youngest daughter of Col. Augustus Cleveland of Tapeley Park (Devon), and had issue:
(1) Archibald William Hicks Beach (1859-1924) (q.v.);
(2) Agnes Caroline Beach (b. & d. 1864), born May 1864; died in infancy in the same month;
(3) Alice Margaret Beach (1865-1935), born Oct-Dec 1865; married, 19 July 1890 at Holy Trinity, Chelsea (Middx), Rt. Hon. William Graham Nicholson (1862-1942) of Basing Park (Hants), MP for Hampshire East, 1897-1935, and had issue two sons; died 8 May 1935; administration of her goods was granted 19 October 1935 (estate £4,091);
(4) Ellice Michael Hicks Beach (1875-1946), born 31 March 1875; educated at Eton and then travelled on the continent, visiting Hanover, Paris and Florence, but also spending time in Le Havre, Seville, Morocco and elsewhere; an officer in the Diplomatic Service (Third Secretary, 1900; Second Secretary, 1906; First Secretary; retired c.1922); a freemason from 1894; lived at Deane House (Hants), which was bought for him by his mother and sold after his death; JP for Hampshire; died unmarried, 6 September 1948; will proved 18 November 1948 (estate £16,708).
He inherited Oakley Hall and Keevil Manor from his father in 1856. His widow bought Deane House for their second son c.1903.
He died from injuries sustained when he was accidentally run over by a cab in Parliament St, Westminster, 3 August 1901; his will was proved 28 February 1902 (estate £63,787). His widow died 29 March 1918.

Beach, Maj. Archibald William Hicks (1859-1924). Elder son of Rt. Hon. William Wither Bramston Beach (1826-1901) and his wife Caroline Chichester, youngest daughter of Col. Augustus Cleveland of Tapeley Park (Devon), born 21 October 1859. An officer in the Kings Royal Rifle Corps (2nd Lt., 1880; Capt. 1890; retired as hon. Maj., 1890); extra ADC to Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1886-89. Estate Steward to Sir Frances Newdegate of Arbury Hall (Warks), c.1890-1905; a Fellow of the Geological Society and a Professional Associate of the Chartered Surveyors Institution. JP for Hampshire from 1901. He married, 5 January 1888 at St Paul, Wilton Place, Knightsbridge (Middx), Violet Isabel Slingsby (c.1860-91), only daughter of the Hon. Slingsby Bethell CB, and had issue:
(1) Cicely Caroline Hicks Beach (1888-1973), born 1 November and baptised at Christ Church, Chelsea (Middx), 10 December 1888; married, 8 September 1914 at Holy Trinity, Chelsea, Walter Scott MacLellan (1885-1959), engineer, elder son of George Scott MacLellan of West Lodge, Glasgow (Lanarks), and had issue one son and one daughter; died in Glasgow, 1973;
(2) Winifred Violet Hicks Beach (1889-1961), born 7 October 1889; married, 1 November 1923 at the Savoy Chapel, Westminster (Middx), William Henry Murray (b. 1892), second son of David Alexander Bruce Murray of Winnipeg (Canada); lived latterly at Genoa (Italy); died in Paris (France), 8 December 1961; administration of goods granted 17 July 1962 (estate in England, £2,325);
(3) William Guy Hicks Beach (1891-1953) (q.v.). 
He lived in Tite St., Chelsea and later at Wick House, Downton (Wilts) and Eathorpe Hall (Warks). He inherited Oakley Hall and Keevil Manor from his father in 1901, but let the former and sold the latter in 1911.
He died of pneumonia, 22 January 1924; his will was proved 16 April 1924 (estate £100,902). His wife died at Wick House, Downton, 19 September 1891.

Beach, William Guy Hicks (1891-1953). Only son of Archibald William Hicks Beach (1859-1924) and his wife Violet Isabel, only daughter of the Hon. Slingsby Bethell CB, born 23 July and baptised at Downton (Wilts), 5 October 1891. Educated at Eton. He served in the First World War as an officer in the City of London (Rough Riders) Yeomanry (2nd Lt., 1915) and the Hampshire Yeomanry (2nd Lt.; Lt., 1917; retired on grounds of ill-health). Stockbroker. He was declared bankrupt in 1931. He married 1st, 3 October 1914 at St. Anselm's church, Davies St., Westminster (Middx) (div. 1932), Fanny Muriel (c.1894-1965), only daughter of Ninian Bannatyne Stewart of Glasgow and Wemyss Bay (Renfrews) and 2nd, 14 December 1932, probably at Chelsea Registry Office, Beatrice Mary Swetenham (1901-75), only daughter of Arthur Oliver Johnstone and formerly wife of the First World War flying ace, Lt. Desmond Percival FitzGerald Uniacke (1895-1933), and had issue:
(1.1) Michael William Bramston Hicks Beach (1919-85), born 12 March 1919; educated at Eton and Pembroke College, Cambridge (BA 1939); served in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (Sub-Lt, 1941; Lt., 1943) in Second World War, and was awarded the DSC; married, 22 July 1940 at Dover Registry Office, Kathleen Edith Doreen Augusta (1918-85), youngest daughter of Sir Brodrick Cecil Hartwell, 4th bt., and had issue one son; lived latterly in Chelsea (Middx); died 8 February 1985; will proved 21 May 1985 (estate £153,377);
(1.2) Patricia Isabel Hicks Beach (b. & d. 1922), born 22 April 1922; died in infancy, 3 October 1922;
(1.3) Peter Stewart Hicks Beach (1924-99), born 23 September 1924; educated at Royal Naval College, Dartmouth; an officer in the Royal Navy (Lt., 1945; Cdr., 1957; retired as Capt. after 1970), who served in the Second World War and was mentioned in despatches; appointed OBE, 1968; married, 20 May 1950 at Purbrook (Hants), Victoria Margaret (1922-86), youngest daughter of Ralph Victor Nelson RN of Horndean (Hants), and had issue one son and one daughter; lived latterly at Grayshott (Hants); died 7 December 1999;
(1.4) Geoffrey Robert Wither (k/a Robin) Hicks Beach (1925-2016), born 14 November 1925; educated at Charterhouse; an officer in the army (2nd Lt., 1942; ); lived at Cucumber Hall, Fressingfield (Suffk); married, 19 July 1952, Rosemary Wendy (c.1931-2015), daughter of Harry Wolseley-Charles of Maidenhead (Berks), and had issue one son and one daughter; died 10 December 2016.
He inherited the Oakley Hall estate from his father in 1924 but it was sold following his bankruptcy in 1931. He lived subsequently at Ellington House, Maidenhead (Berks).
He died 8 February 1953. His first wife died 19 August 1965. His widow died 24 March 1975; administration of her goods was granted 29 May 1975 (estate £450).

Principal sources

Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 2003, pp. 3466-68; S. Hicks Beach, A Cotswold family, 1909; G. Noel, Sir Gerard Noel and the Noels of Chipping Campden and Exton, 2004; History of Parliament entries for Sir Michael Hicks (1534-1612)Sir Baptist Hicks (c.1551-1629), 1st Viscount Campden, and Michael Hicks Beach (1760-1830).

Location of archives

Hicks, Beach and Hicks Beach family, Earls St. Aldwyn: deeds, manorial records, estate and family papers, personal and political papers, c.1250-20th century [Gloucestershire Archives, D1866, D2440, D2455]; deeds and legal papers concerning London and Gloucestershire property, 1472-18th century [The National Archives, C107/78-80]; Oakley (Hants) estate papers, 16th-17th cents [Hampshire Archives]

Coat of arms

Hicks-Beach, Earls St. Aldwyn: 1st and 4th, Vairy, argent and gules, a canton azure charged with a pile or (for Beach); 2nd and 3rd, gules, a fess wavy between three fleurs-de-lys or (for Hicks).

Can you help?

  • I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above and who are not already illustrated.
  • If anyone can offer further information or corrections I should be most grateful. I am always particularly pleased to hear from current owners or the descendants of families associated with a property who can supply information from their own research or personal knowledge for inclusion.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 29 November 2021.