|Bayning, Viscounts Bayning|
The chief beneficiary of the 1st Viscount's will was his only son, a third Paul Bayning (1616-38), 2nd Viscount Bayning, who was a minor when his father died (and only came of age a few months before he died himself). To avoid his wardship being purchased by someone who would milk his estate until he came of age, he is said to have purchased it himself, for a whopping fine of £18,000. This unusual procedure may have been facilitated by Sir Robert Naunton, Master of the Court of Wards and Liveries, who became his father-in-law in 1634. By Sir Robert's daughter Penelope he produced two surviving daughters, the younger of whom was born after his death, but no son. The baronetcy and peerages which his father had invested so much to obtain therefore became extinct, but his daughters Anne and Penelope were great heiresses and were married on the same day, while still pre-pubescent children, to the rake-helly 20th Earl of Oxford and the rather more sober Hon. John Herbert. Neither lived long or produced children, and Lord Oxford and his wife pulled down Little Bentley Hall. Penelope died in 1657 and Anne in 1659, and although Lord Oxford retained the Little Bentley estate until his death, under the terms of the 1st Viscount's will most of the other family property then devolved upon the 1st Viscount's three surviving daughters, Mrs Anne Murray; Mary, Dowager Countess of Anglesey; and Elizabeth, Lady Dacre.
Little Bentley Hall, Essex
|Little Bentley Hall: plan of the site in 1874 from the 1st edition 6" map. The double moated platform of the old house can be seen on the left; the small building in the parkland to the north is the modern house.|
Bayning family of Little Bentley Hall, Viscounts Bayning
(1) Paul Bayning (c.1539-1616) (q.v.);
(2) Andrew Baninge (c.1544-1610), born about 1544; merchant in London in partnership with his brother; member of the Worshipful Company of Grocers; alderman of London, 1605-10; died unmarried, 11 October 1610 and was buried at St Olave, Hart St., London, where he and his brother are commemorated by a monument.
(2.1) Sir Paul Bayning (1588-1629), 1st bt. and 1st Viscount Bayning (q.v.);
(1) Hon. Cicely alias Cecilia Bayning (1613-39), baptised at St Olave, Hart St., London, 8 April 1613; married, by 1630, Henry Pierrepont (1607-80), Viscount Newark, later 2nd Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull and 1st Marquess of Dorchester (who m2, September 1652, Katherine, daughter of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby), and had issue two sons and two daughters; died in childbirth at Twickenham (Middx), 19 September, and was buried at Holme Pierrepont (Notts), 30 September 1639;
(2) Paul Bayning (1616-38), 2nd Viscount Bayning (q.v.);(3) Henry Bayning (1617-19), baptised at St Olave, Hart St., London, 12 March 1616/17; died in infancy and was buried at St Olave, Hart St., London, 27 April 1619;(4) Hon. Anne Bayning (1619-78), baptised at St Olave, Hart St., London, 23 September 1619; created Viscountess Bayning of Foxley (Berks) for life*, 17 March 1674; married 1st, 26 November 1635 at St Mildred, Poultry, London, Henry Murray (d. by 1673), groom of the bedchamber to King Charles I, and had issue at least four daughters; married 2nd, 1674 (licence 1 August), as his second wife, Sir John Baber, kt., MD (c.1625-1704) of Covent Garden (who m3, 1680/1 (licence 12 February), Bridget (d. 1696), Viscountess Kilmorey, daughter of Sir William Drury of Beesthorpe (Norfk) and widow of Charles Needham (d. 1660), 4th Viscount Kilmorey and Sir John Shaw (d. 1680) of Eltham (Kent)); died October 1678 and was buried in the Savoy church, London; will proved 30 October 1678;(5) Hon. Mary Bayning (1624-72), baptised at St Olave, Hart St., London, 24 April 1624; married 1st, 31 October 1639 at St Margaret, Westminster (Middx), William Villiers (1614-44), 2nd Viscount Grandison of Limerick, son of Sir Edward Villiers, President of Munster and nephew of George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, and had issue one daughter (Barbara Villiers (d. 1709), Duchess of Cleveland, mistress to King Charles II); married 2nd, 25 April 1648 at St Bartholomew-the-Less, London, Charles Villiers (d. 1661), 2nd Earl of Anglesey; married 3rd, about 1662, Arthur Gorges (1629-68) of Chelsea (Middx), son of Sir Arthur Gorges (1598-1661), but had no further issue; after she was widowed for a third time she evidently went to live with her friend Lady Widdrington at Blankney (Lincs), where she was buried, 23 January 1671/2; she and her third husband are commemorated by a monument which she erected in Chelsea Old Church (Middx); administration of her goods was granted 26 January 1671/2 and her will - evidently only found some time later - was proved 16 February 1676/7;(6) Hon. Elizabeth Bayning (1625-86), baptised at Little Bentley, 20 October 1625; created Countess of Sheppey for life*, 6 September 1680; married 1st, 1641, Francis Lennard (1619-62), 14th Baron Dacre, and had issue one son and two daughters; married 2nd, before May 1664, Lt-Gen. David Walter (c.1610-79) of Godstow (Oxon), a groom of the bedchamber, but had no further issue; died in Covent Garden, London, July 1686, and was buried at Chevening (Kent); will proved 19 July 1686;(7) Hon. Susan Bayning (1628-29), born 19 June 1628; died in infancy and was buried 25 May 1629.
|2nd Viscount Bayning by van Dyck|
(1) Anne Bayning (1637-59), born 1 May and baptised at Little Bentley, 11 May 1637; married as a child, 18 June 1647 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster (Middx), Aubrey de Vere (1627-1703), 20th and last Earl of Oxford (who married 2nd, about April 1673, Diana (d. 1719), daughter of George Kirke (d. 1675) of Charing Cross (Middx) and Sheriff Hutton (Yorks) and by her had one son (who died young) and four daughters), but had no issue; died in the Tower of London (where her husband was held prisoner), 14 September, and was buried at Westminster Abbey, 27 September 1659;(2) Penelope Bayning (1638-57), born posthumously, 3 November and baptised at St Olave, Hart St., London, 14 November 1638; married as a child, 18 June 1647 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster (Middx), and again on 6 June 1651 at Rotherhithe (Kent), Hon. John Herbert (1625-59), MP for Monmouthshire, 1646-48 and for Wilton, 1659, youngest son of Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery, but had no issue; she was buried at Westminster Abbey, 1 May 1657.
Location of archives
Coat of arms
Can you help?
- Does anyone know the whereabouts of the lost 1627 estate map of Little Bentley or any other illustration of the Jacobean house? Can anyone provide a photograph of the present Little Bentley Hall?
- Does anyone know more about Richard Baninge of Dedham and his family?
- I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above.
- If anyone can offer further information or corrections I should be most grateful. I am always particularly pleased to hear from current owners or the descendants of families associated with a property who can supply information from their own research or personal knowledge for inclusion.