Saturday, 10 July 2021

(462) Baxendale of Greenham Lodge and Framfield Place

The father and grandfather of Josiah Baxendale (1761-1835), with whom the genealogy below begins, were middle-class professionals in Liverpool. Josiah himself was a surgeon in Lancaster, where his children were born and raised, although he later moved to London - perhaps at the point when he retired. He had four children who survived to maturity: two sons and two daughters. His elder son, Joseph Baxendale (1785-1872), left home at the age of 21 and went to London to make this way in the world. After three years learning the calico printing trade - apparently not as a formal apprentice - he borrowed money from relatives and bought a partnership in a calico printing business in Lancashire. He was evidently a hard-nosed businessman of tireless energy and formidable entrepreneurial talents, for within six years he had survived an assassination attempt, paid off his loans, and made sufficient money to withdraw his capital from the business and invest in a partnership in a long-established but incompetently managed and rapidly failing carrying company. The firm in question, Pickfords, had been established as a carrier about 1630 and is still in the same business today (albeit after 20th century vicissitudes, including a period of nationalisation). Joseph Baxendale turned the firm around, and made it a highly profitable business. New challenges came with the arrival of the railways, but Joseph sought to find ways in which Pickfords' business could complement rather than compete with the new mode of transport. He also bought shares in railway companies - partly to give him influence with their managements, but no doubt also to hedge his bets, in case Pickfords did not thrive. His interest quickly extended from British railways to continental and even Indian ones, and he bought Folkestone harbour in Kent and developed it as a major freight port. 

During a period of ill health in the 1840s, Joseph had handed over the management of Pickfords to his three elder sons, Joseph Hornby Baxendale (1817-86), Lloyd Baxendale (1822-82), and Richard Birley Baxendale (1823-78). Richard seems to have been more or less a sleeping partner, and it was Joseph and Lloyd who ran the firm in the third quarter of the 19th century. Their father seems to have been unimpressed by the time, care and attention they gave to the business, which fell well short of the impossibly high standard he had set, and over time this had its impact on the success of the firm. Profits continued to rise until 1862, but thereafter slowly waned, though Joseph still died an extremely rich man: his personal estate was estimated at nearly £700,000. His sons' shares of this wealth, and the money they made for themselves in the years of Pickfords greatest prosperity, allowed them to move into the landed gentry. Joseph had been content with a substantial villa at Whetstone, but this did not meet the aspirations of his sons, who gave it to a charity for use as a care home after his death.

Worplesdon Court (Surrey), now an hotel. Image: Paul Smith. Some rights reserved.
Joseph Hornby Baxendale bought Worplesdon Lodge (later renamed as Worplesdon Court) in 1868 and moved there the following year. It was a substantial house of about 1845 built for Sir William Bovill, but he would seem to have enlarged it. Lloyd Baxendale lived at Totteridge House (Herts) until he bought Greenham Lodge (Berks) in 1873, a house which was rebuilt for him by Norman Shaw in 1879-83. Richard Birley Baxendale bought a farming estate near Kimpton (Herts) in 1865, and built an intensely Victorian new house there, which he called Blackmore End, by 1869. After his death this passed to his widow, and then to his daughter, Gertrude Mary Baxendale (1863-1922), who lent it for hospital use during the First World War. After her death, it was sold in 1926, and demolished soon afterwards.

The third generation of the family to be involved with Pickfords were even less engaged with the business than their fathers, and ran it largely through employed professional managers. Joseph Hornby Baxendale's only son, Joseph William Baxendale (1848-1915) remained a director of the firm until 1909, but after 1882 devoted most of his time to the Phoenix Fire Assurance Co., of which he was also a director. He sold Worplesdon Place after his parents' deaths and bought Hursley Park (Hants) to replace it. He lived at Hursley until 1902, when he sold it and bought Preshaw House (Hants) instead. His widow stayed at Preshaw until 1920, when this house too was sold.

Lloyd Baxendale died in 1882, before his new house at Greenham Lodge had been completely finished. He left two sons, the elder of whom, Lloyd Harry Baxendale (1858-1937), inherited Greenham Lodge. The estate included the Newbury racecourse, of which he became Chairman, and he was altogether a significant figure in the racing world, being also the chairman of the Bath racecourse. When he died he left most of his property and his fortune of more than £300,000 to an adopted daughter, later the Countess of Buchan. She had properties elsewhere and put Greenham Lodge up for auction in 1938.

Lloyd Baxendale's second son, Francis Hugh Baxendale (1862-1918), became the leading figure in Pickfords in his generation, and oversaw its merger with Carter Paterson & Co. in 1909, thereafter becoming chairman of the new firm. He made his home at Framfield Place (Sussex), which he leased from 1887 and bought in 1890, employing Norman Shaw and Edwin Lutyens to remodel the house in 1890-92. When he died in 1918, Framfield passed to his eldest son, Guy Vernon Baxendale (1884-1969). In 1938 Guy bought Greenham Lodge at auction, and having done so, put Framfield on the market, intending to move to Greenham. But events conspired against him, and with the approach of the Second World War there were no takers for Framfield, while Greenham Lodge was requisitioned by the Government. As a result, he stayed at Framfield until his death, and it was left to his son, Maj. William Lloyd Baxendale (1919-82), to sell the house in the 1970s for conversion into flats. Greenham Lodge was sold after the Second World War and passed into institutional use.

Woodside House, Whetstone, Middlesex

A modest villa, with a core of two storeys and three bays and a recessed two-storey wing, which stood very close to the crossroads that marks the centre of Whetstone. It was built before 1841 (when it appears on the Finchley tithe map), and probably before 1835, for Joseph Baxendale (1785-1872) and was described in 1850 as a beautiful villa with a pretty conservatory, in a setting of lawns, groves, and a lake. 

Woodside House, Whetstone: entrance front. Image: Historic England.

Woodside House, Whetstone: garden front. Image: Historic England.
It seems likely that the ground floor extension and the distinctively Italianate decoration on the entrance front were added later, but they were evidently in place by 1866. In 1888 Joseph's sons made the house over to the 'Home for the Aged and Incurable' in central London, a purpose which it continued to serve until the 1960s. It was then demolished and replaced by a remarkably ugly block of flats, although the Baxendale charity continues to operate a care home built to the rear of the site of the original house.

Descent: built for Joseph Baxendale (1785-1872); to sons, who gave it in 1888 to the Home for the Aged and Incurable.

Blackmore End, Kimpton, Hertfordshire

new mansion, built on the site of an earlier farmhouse for Richard Birley Baxendale (1823-78), who bought the estate in 1865, and had completed the house by 1869. The architect is currently unknown, but it could perhaps be Edward Browning (1816-82) of Stamford (Lincs), who restored Wheathampstead church in 1864, and made alterations in a similarly eclectic style to Barrington Hall, Hatfield Broad Oak (Essex) from 1863.

Blackmore End, Kimpton: the garden front during First World War use as a hospital, from an old postcard.

Blackmore End, Kimpton: end elevation, during First World War use as a hospital, from an old postcard.
At one end of the house there was a symmetrical elevation with a pair of canted bay windows set under the steep slate roofs, but the design of the main garden front mixed Italianate and the baronial motifs to a wilful and indeed chaotic effect, with square stone windows and irregularly spaced features breaking up the façade, all surmounted by a tall crenellated tower with an ornate railing at the top and two mismatched chimneys. Inside, a vestibule 23ft x 13ft led into a lofty staircase hall 40ft x 36ft. From this there opened seven reception rooms, with a conservatory beyond the 26ft x 22ft dining room. Upstairs, there were 17 bedrooms, as well as servants' rooms in the attic. 

The house was occupied by Baxendale's widow until her death in 1909, and then passed to the couple's only daughter, who was married and divided her time between homes in Ireland and Sussex. During the First World War she lent it for use as an emergency hospital, and after her death in 1922 it was sold so that the value of the estate could be divided between her children. A second auction in October 1926 was a demolition sale, and the house was dismantled soon afterwards.

Descent: built for Richard Birley Baxendale (1823-78); to widow, Gertrude Baxendale (1840-1909); to daughter, Gertrude Mary (1863-1922), wife of Col. Arthur Hare Vincent (c.1841-1916); sold after her death and demolished c.1926.

Greenham Lodge, Berkshire

The estate belonged in the Middle Ages to the Knights Hospitallers, and was seized by the Crown at the Dissolution of the Monasteries. In 1553 it was granted to John Lucas (d. 1556), but a few years later Queen Mary restored it to the Hospitallers. After succeeding her half-sister in 1558, Queen Elizabeth I again dissolved the Hospitallers and sold the manor of Greenham. It changed hands several times before being bought in 1586 by Sir Thomas Lucas, kt., the son of the original grantee of 1553: it seems probable that he and his mother had remained in occupation continuously. It was probably Sir Thomas' son, Thomas Lucas (d. 1625) or the latter's widow (fl. 1650) who built the modest gabled house that was recorded here in the early 18th century, as a charming vignette on an estate map. 

Greenham Lodge: the 17th century house of the Lucas family, recorded on an estate map of c.1725. Image: Berkshire Record Office.

The occasion for making the map was probably the sale of the estate by the Duke of Kent (whose mother was the last of the Lucases) to Brigadier-General Waring in 1725. Throughout the 18th century it was part of the larger Thatcham estate and probably escaped alteration, but in 1798 it was bought by James Croft, who apparently rebuilt it in the early 19th century. I have not been able to find an illustration of the Croft house, but the footprint is apparent on the Ordnance Survey plan surveyed in the 1870s. 

Greenham Lodge: the early 19th century house shown on the 1st edition 6" map of the 1870s.   
The estate was sold in 1873 to Lloyd Baxendale who employed Norman Shaw to rebuild it in 1879-83; it is one of Shaw's largest houses. Part of the old house is said to have been incorporated in the service wing. The new house is of red brick, with an H-shaped main block and a large service wing to the north, and is Elizabethan in style (the nearby Shaw House is said to have been an inspiration for the design). The symmetrical north-west facing entrance front is plain and well-proportioned, with a porch in the centre, very large windows in the wings, and straight gables above. The porch doorway is a typically Mannerist Shaw piece, with a steep-sided pediment on Ionic columns and a four-centered arch. The garden side, which overlooks a lake, is homelier and less symmetrical, with half-timbering on the first floor between the wings. 

Greenham Lodge: an early photograph of the entrance front.

Greenham Lodge: the garden front of the house today
On plan, the house is a double pile, with the hall and staircase on the entrance side and the main reception rooms on the garden front. The hall is reached through a triple-arched wooden screen of Doric columns, and retains its Victorian decoration fairly intact. It has an enormous chimneypiece with an overmantel faced with gilt leather panels standing on two marble columns and reaching right up to the beamed ceiling. There is another massive chimneypiece in the former Library, with inglenook and a panelled overmantel on stone brackets. Several of the other main rooms preserve key elements of their Victorian decor, including the wide wooden staircase, which rises behind the hall screen to a barrel-roofed gallery. 

Greenham Lodge: the hall in the early 20th century. Image: West Berkshire Museum.

Greenham Lodge: the gallery above the hall today.
The house descended to Lloyd Harry Baxendale (1858-1937), who left the bulk of his property and estate of over £300,000 to his adopted daughter, Christina (1906-94). She and her husband had several other properties and Greenham Lodge was put up for auction in 1938. The manorial rights (and Greenham Common) were bought by Newbury corporation, but the house itself was sold to Lloyd Harry Baxendale's nephew, Guy Vernon Baxendale (1884-1969), who intended to relocate to Greenham from the house he had inherited in Sussex. The Sussex estate was advertised for sale in 1939, but amid pre-war anxiety it failed to sell. When war broke out, Greenham Lodge was unoccupied and was quickly requisitioned by the Government and used by the RAF in conjunction with the airfield laid out on Greenham Common. After the war the house was rented or sold to a Jewish public school, Carmel College, and in 1954 it became the officers' mess for the US Air Force base at Greenham Common. After the base closed in 1992, it again became a school, this time the Mary Hare School for Deaf Children, which renamed the house Mill Hall after their former location in Sussex. In recent years the house has also accommodated several businesses that support the charity, and has operated as a wedding venue at weekends and in school holidays.

Descent: sold 1586 to Sir Thomas Lucas, whose parents had apparently been in possession since 1553; to son, Thomas Lucas (d. 1625); to widow (fl. 1650); to son, John Lucas (d. 1671), 1st Baron Lucas of Shenfield; to daughter Mary (d. 1702), 1st Baroness Lucas of Crudwell, later wife of Anthony Grey, Earl of Kent; to son, Henry Grey (d. 1740), 1st Duke of Kent, who sold c.1725 to Brig-Gen. Waring (d. 1737); to son, William Ball Waring (d. 1746); to sister, Frances (d. 1767), wife of Sir Archer Croft (d. 1753), bt.; to son, John Croft (d. 1797); sold 1798 to his brother-in-law, James Woodcroft (later Croft) (d. 1829); to son, Archer James Croft (1790-1865); who leased it to Maj-Gen. Guy Carleton Coffin (d. 1856) and J.T. Carbonel; to son, Archer Bernard Croft (1838-91), who sold 1873 to Lloyd Baxendale (1822-82); to son, Lloyd Henry Baxendale (1858-1937); sold 1938 to Guy Vernon Baxendale (1884-1969), who sold after the Second World War.

Framfield Place, Sussex

Framfield Place: engraving of the house in 1832, showing it before the additions of 1847.
The house is fundamentally 18th century, and is said to have been first built in 1765. Its appearance in an engraving of 1832 is consistent with that, although it was by then already a substantial and rambling stuccoed house, probably of several different dates, something confirmed by a sale notice of 1811 in the Sussex Weekly Advertiser which says "part of [the house] has been lately re-built, and the whole is put into complete repair". The entrance front (on the right in the engraving) faced south-east and had a porch, while the garden front facing south-west over the lake, had a two-storey canted bay at its right-hand end. The exterior was largely remodelled in 1847 for Alexander Donovan junior, who added a second canted bay at the other end of the garden front and then repeated this formula on the north-east facing elevation. There is a Greek Doric porch on the north-east side and a Greek Doric loggia on the garden front. 

Framfield Place: the house today, with the additions of 1847 and 1890-92. It was divided into flats in 1977.
In 1885 the house contained an entrance hall, five reception rooms, 18 bedrooms as well as offices and service accommodation, but in 1890-92, Francis Baxendale, who had recently acquired the property, asked Norman Shaw (who had rebuilt Greenham Lodge for his father) to make further additions and alterations. He added the south-west (nursery) wing and a single-storey billiard room projecting from the south-east front, which has broad curved bows to both the south-west and north-east fronts. Inside, the billiard room has delicate Adam-style plasterwork. Shaw also remodelled the hall and formed a new drawing room by removing the partition between the former morning room and library, but in circumstances which are not clear, the commission to redecorate the new space was given to Edwin Lutyens, then at the start of his career, who created a panelled interior with a ceiling of beams set in a chequerboard fashion, in a parody of Shaw's Old English manner of the 1870s.

In the 20th century an additional storey was built above the billiard room. A Second World War bomb caused geological changes which meant the lake would no longer hold water, and it silted up in the following years. The house was sold and divided into six dwellings in 1977, and the lake was subsequently re-created.

Descent: the creditors of Rev. Richard Rideout sold 1817 to Alexander Donovan (c.1776-1846); to son, Alexander Donovan jr. (d. 1886); to widow, who let the house in 1887 and then sold it in 1890 to Francis Hugh Baxendale (1862-1918); to son, Guy Vernon Baxendale (1884-1969); to son, Maj. William Lloyd Baxendale (1919-82), who sold it for division into six dwellings in 1977.

Baxendale family of Greenham Lodge and Framfield Place

Baxendale, Josiah (1761-1835). Elder son of Joseph Baxendale (1734-83) of Liverpool and his wife Mary Beadle (d. 1808), born 13 August and baptised at St George, Liverpool, 9 September 1761. He was admitted a freeman of Liverpool in 1783. Surgeon, practising at Lancaster. He married 1st, 13 December 1784 at St Mary, Lancaster, Mabella (1756-1829), daughter of Edward* Salisbury of Settle (Yorks), and 2nd, 1 September 1829 at Kelvedon (Essex), Sophia West (1783-1857), and had issue:
(1.1) Joseph Baxendale (1785-1872) (q.v.);
(1.2) Lloyd Salisbury Baxendale (1788-1858), born 28 July and baptised at St Mary, Lancaster, 27 August 1788; solicitor; lived at Hampstead (Middx), and later in Cambridge and London; DL for Cambridgeshire from 1852; married, 18 November 1825 at St George, Bloomsbury (Middx), Ellen (c.1792-1869), daughter and co-heir of Richard Salisbury of Herne Hill (Kent) and Weymouth (Dorset) and formerly of Cooper Hill, Walton-le-Dale (Lancs), and had issue two sons; died in Kensington (Middx), 26 November 1858; administration of goods granted 31 December 1858 (effects under £6,000);
(1.3) Mary Baxendale (1790-1856), born 23 March and baptised at St Mary, Lancaster, 20 July 1790; married, 28 January 1817 at St Mary, Lancaster, Samuel Hinde (1778-1840) of Dolphinholme, Garstang (Lancs) and later of South Place, Lancaster, and had issue eight children; died 15 December and was buried at Lancaster, 18 December 1856;
(1.4) Mabella Baxendale (1791-1865), baptised at St Mary, Lancaster, 11 October 1791; married, 6 October 1814 at St Mary, Lancaster, Edmund Elsden (1789-1832) of Kings Lynn (Norfk), son of Edmund Ralph Elsden, but had no issue; died 23 April and was buried at Heacham (Norfk), 28 April 1865; will proved 9 June 1865 (effects under £12,000);
(1.5) Thomas Baxendale (b. & d. 1793), baptised at St Mary, Lancaster, 15 September 1793; died in infancy and was buried at St Mary, Lancaster, 17 September 1793.
He lived at Castle Hill, Lancaster, and later at Queen Sq., Bloomsbury (Middx).
He died 21 January, was buried at St John's chapel, Whetstone (Middx), 29 January 1835; his will was proved in the PCC, 18 February 1835. His first wife was buried at St George, Bloomsbury (Middx), 12 February 1829. His widow was buried at Kelvedon, 20 November 1857; her will was proved in the PCC, 17 December 1857.
* Thus in the parish register, though most sources say her father's name was Thomas, and there was certainly a Thomas Salisbury baptising children at Giggleswick (Yorks WR) at this time.

Joseph Baxendale (1785-1872)
Image: National Portrait Gallery 
Baxendale, Joseph (1785-1872).
Elder son of Josiah Baxendale (1761-1835) and his first wife, Mabella, daughter of 
Edward Salisbury of Settle (Yorks), born 28 September and baptised at St Mary, Lancaster (Lancs), 28 October 1785. He left home and moved to London in 1806 'to fight his way in the world' and learned the trade of a calico printer; in 1809 he borrowed money from relatives and bought a partnership in an established calico printing business in Lancashire. While in this role he survived an attempted assassination during a violent labour dispute. He retired in 1815 and invested his profits in a partnership in the carriers, Pickford & Co, a firm which was then close to bankruptcy. He applied his business acumen to rescuing the firm from financial difficulties and oversaw its development into a leading haulage firm, with profits rising to a peak of £36,000 a year in 1861. After a period of ill health, brought on partly by the strain of several legal disputes, he handed over control of the business to his three eldest sons, although only the elder two became active directors, and he frequently became frustrated by their lack of attention to the business. With the coming of the railways he became a director of several English railway companies, and sought to find a basis on which Pickford's carrying business could work with the railways rather than be superseded by them. His railway investments later extended overseas to France, Belgium and even India, and he acquired Folkestone harbour and developed it as a major port. He was a JP and DL for Hertfordshire and Middlesex and JP for the Liberty of St. Albans (Herts). He married, 29 February 1816 at Blackburn (Lancs), Mary (1789-1862), daughter of Richard Birley of Blackburn (Lancs), and had issue:
(1) Joseph Hornby Baxendale (1817-86) (q.v.);
(2) Alice Baxendale (1819-51), born 4 January and baptised at Eccles (Lancs), 2 February 1819; married, 11 July 1849 at Whetstone, as his second wife, Dr. Charles William Holland MD FRS (1801-76) of Rodbaston Hall (Staffs), son of Joseph Holland, but had no issue; died 27 June 1851;
(3) Mabella Baxendale (1820-56), born 4 July 1820 and baptised at Eccles, 29 May 1841; married, 7 July 1842 at Finchley (Middx), her cousin, Hugh Birley* DL JP (1817-83) of Moorland, Didsbury (Lancs), East India merchant, cotton spinner, and later Conservative MP for Manchester, 1868-83, son of Joseph Birley, and had issue three sons and two daughters; died 16 February 1856;
(4) Lloyd Baxendale (1822-82) (q.v.);
(5) Richard Birley Baxendale (1823-78) (q.v.);
(6) Jane Birley Baxendale (1825-1908), born 31 August and baptised at Hendon (Middx), 12 September 1825; married, 18 October 1870 at Whetstone, against the wishes of her father, Robert Jackson Butler (1820-73), son of William Henry Butler, but had no issue; according to her brother Joseph the marriage was 'an unhappy story best left untold'; she died 30 December 1908; will proved 14 January 1909 (estate £45,331);
(7) Salisbury Baxendale (1827-1907), of Bonningtons, Ware (Herts) and later of Henham Lodge, Bishops Stortford (Herts) and Holly Bush, Longcross (Berks), born 16 March 1827; educated at Harrow, Balliol College, Oxford (matriculated 1846; BA 1849; MA 1853) and Inner Temple (called 1852); barrister-at-law; JP for Hertfordshire; High Sheriff of Hertfordshire, 1883; a Fellow of the Zoological Society of London; married, 3 January 1856 at St Peter, Eaton Sq., Westminster (Middx), Edith Marian (c.1834-1920), third daughter of Lt-Gen. Sir Harry David Jones GCB, and had issue one son and one daughter; died 18 January 1907 and was buried at Christ Church, Chertsey (Surrey); will proved 9 March 1907 (estate £41,103).
He lived in London, 1806-09, and later at Weast House, Eccles (Lancs), Woodside House, Whetstone (Middx) and 16 Park Village West, Regent's Park, London.
He died 24 March 1872 and was buried at Whetstone; his will was proved 16 May 1872 (effects under £700,000). His wife died 23 March 1862 and was buried at Whetstone; administration of her goods was granted 12 August 1862 (effects under £1,500).
* Not, as some accounts state, Hugh Hornby Birley (1778-1845), captain of the Manchester & Salford Yeomanry at the Peterloo Massacre in 1819, who was his uncle.

Baxendale, Joseph Hornby (1817-86). Eldest son of Joseph Baxendale (1785-1872) and his wife Mary, daughter of Richard Birley of Blackburn (Lancs), born 1 December 1817 and baptised at Eccles (Lancs), 5 February 1818. Educated at Harrow. JP and DL for Surrey. A director of Pickford & Co. Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and a member of the Royal Yacht Club. He married, 9 July 1846 at St George-the-Martyr, Bloomsbury (Middx), Elizabeth Mary (1828-87), only surviving child and heiress of William Brockedon FRS of Holborn (Middx), cartographer, artist and inventor, and had issue:
(1) Joseph William Baxendale (1848-1915) (q.v.);
(2) Phillis Mary Baxendale (1854-1930), born 17 July 1854; married, 28 December 1876 at Worplesdon (Surrey), as his second wife, Col. Lionel Tillotson (1845-1921) of Brooksbank, Copythorne, Cadnam (Hants) and had issue one daughter; died 23 May and was buried at Worplesdon, 27 May 1930; will proved 7 August 1930 (estate £1,840).
He lived at Scotsbridge, Rickmansworth (Herts) and from 1869 at Worplesdon Place, which he probably enlarged. His town house was 78 Brook St., London.
He died 24 November 1886 and was buried at Worplesdon; his will was proved 30 April 1887 (estate £348,801). His widow died in Paris (France), 15 April 1887; her will was proved 23 June 1887 (estate £27,201).

Baxendale, Joseph William (1848-1915). Only son of Joseph Hornby Baxendale (1817-86) and his wife Elizabeth Mary, only surviving child and heiress of William Brockedon FRS of Holborn (Middx), cartographer, artist and inventor, born 6 October 1848. Educated at Harrow and Pembroke College, Oxford (matriculated 1867; BA 1871; MA 1873). A director of Pickford & Co (to 1909) and of the Phoenix Fire Assurance Society Ltd from c.1882. An officer in the 1st Middlesex Artillery Volunteers (2nd Lt., 1867; Lt., 1871; resigned 1874). JP and DL for Hampshire; High Sheriff of Hampshire, 1893. Master of the Hursley Hounds, 1893-1902. He married, 23 June 1874 at Send (Surrey),  Frances Margaret Julia (1851-1925), only surviving child and heiress of Hon. Francis Scott MP, of Sendhurst Grange (Surrey) and his wife Lady Julia (who was sister and sole heir of George Francis Wyndham, 4th Earl of Egremont), and had issue:
(1) Laura Mary Baxendale (1875-1942), born 19 February 1875; married, 29 October 1898 at St Peter, Eaton Square, Westminster, Leonard Rodwell Wilkinson (1869-1913), barrister-at-law, director of gas companies, footballer and athlete (who committed suicide), eldest son of Col. J. Wilkinson of Southampton Lodge, Highgate (Middx), and had issue two sons; lived latterly at Warren Farm, Knockdown, Tetbury (Glos); died 25 February 1942; will proved 21 May 1942 (estate £8,933);
(2) Col. Joseph Francis Noel Baxendale (1877-1957), born 25 December 1877; educated at Eton and Merton College, Oxford; an officer in the Hampshire Regiment (2nd Lt., 1900; Lt., 1900; Capt., 1902) and Hampshire Carabiniers (2nd Lt., 1905, Lt., 1908; Capt., 1911; Maj., 1913; Lt-Col., 1917) who served in First World War and was appointed CB; from 1909 farmed and bred cattle at the 600 acre Venthams Farm, Froxfield Green (Hants), of which he purchased the freehold in 1944; JP and DL for Hampshire; in the 1920s and 1930s he was a keen amateur yachtsman; married, 26 June 1906, Margaret Mary Helena (1882-1966), daughter of Rev. Gilbert Vivian Heathcote, rector of West Deeping (Lincs), and had issue three daughters; died 29 January 1957; will proved 15 August 1957 (estate £41,259);
(3) Dorothy Margaret Baxendale (1888-1952), born 19 November 1888; married, 7 April 1920, Maj. Bertrand Elwell Hervey-Bathurst (1882-1942) of Gortinanane (Argylls) and later Dochfour (Inverness), fourth son of Sir Frederick Thomas Arthur Hervey-Bathurst, 4th bt., but had no issue; died 12 December 1952; will proved 28 January 1953 (estate £27,109).
He inherited Worplesdon Court from his parents in 1887 but sold it and bought Hursley Park (Hants) in 1888. He lived there until 1902, when he sold it to George Cooper. He then bought Preshaw House (Hants) which his widow occupied until 1920, when it was sold to Frederick Raymond Pelly. His town house was 78 Brook St., London, which was leased, rent free, as the Red Cross Hospital for Facial Injuries after his death.
He died suddenly, 23 June 1915, and was buried at Worplesdon (Surrey); his will was proved 1 October 1915 (estate £280,009). His widow died 8 July 1925; her will was proved 25 September 1925 (estate £14,218).

Lloyd Baxendale (1822-82) 
Baxendale, Lloyd (1822-82).
Second son of 
Joseph Baxendale (1785-1872) and his wife Mary, daughter of Richard Birley of Blackburn (Lancs), born 17 February and baptised at Eccles (Lancs), 7 May 1822. Managing partner of Pickfords the carrier. JP for Berkshire and Hertfordshire. He married, 6 May 1851 at St Mary, Lancaster, Ellen (1830-1910), elder daughter of Canon Joseph Turner, vicar of Lancaster, and had issue:
(1) Alice Baxendale (1852-97), born 1 April and baptised at Whetstone, 6 May 1852; married, 15 July 1875 at St James, Piccadilly, Westminster (Middx), Alfred Octavius Kirby (1843-1919), solicitor, of Coombe Nevill, Kingston (Surrey) (who m2, 19 October 1905 at Ascot (Berks), Beatrice Elizabeth (1868-1949), daughter of Henry William Schneider of Ulverston (Lancs)), son of George Goldsmith Kirby of Grove House, Hammersmith (Middx), and had issue two sons and two daughters; died 24 May 1897; will proved 9 September 1897 (effects £16,362);
(2) Constance Mary Baxendale (1853-1924), born 12 August and baptised at Lancaster, 29 September 1853; married, 6 March 1884 at Greenham (Berks), as his second wife, Lt-Col. Thomas Edward Bagge (1838-1908) of Gaywood Hall (Norfk), but had no issue; died 26 April 1924; her will was proved 22 October 1924 and 12 February 1925 (estate £25,006);
(3) Gertrude Ellen Baxendale (1855-60), baptised at Totteridge (Middx), 22 February 1855; died young, 15 April 1860 and was buried at Whetstone;
(4) Lloyd Harry Baxendale (1858-1937) (q.v.);
(5) Francis Hugh Baxendale (1862-1918) (q.v.).
He lived at Totteridge House (Herts) until he bought the Greenham Lodge estate (Berks), which included Newbury Racecourse, in 1873. He rebuilt Greenham Lodge to the designs of Norman Shaw in 1879-83. His town house was 58 Grosvenor St., London.
He died 8 November 1882; will proved 12 January 1883 (estate £411,535). His widow died 18 November 1910; her will was proved 20 December 1910 (estate £10,700).

Lloyd Harry Baxendale (1858-1937)
Baxendale, Lloyd Harry (1858-1937).
Elder son of Lloyd Baxendale (1822-82) and his wife Ellen, elder daughter of Canon Joseph Turner, vicar of Lancaster, b
orn 3 February 1858. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1876). JP for Berkshire. A director of Pickford & Co. Chairman of Newbury Racecourse and Bath Racecourse. He married, 7 September 1895, Constance Louisa (1865-1944), daughter of Charles Raymond Pelly of Upton Lodge, Eastbourne (Sussex), and formerly wife of Richard Davies Matthey (1858-1929) (in whose divorce proceedings Lloyd Harry Baxendale had been cited as co-respondent). They had no issue, but adopted a daughter:
(A1) Christina Woolner (later Baxendale) (1906-94), daughter of Hugh Woolner of Winchmore Hill (Middx), stockbroker, born 27 November 1906; adopted after 1911; inherited the bulk of her adopted father's estate; married, 5 January 1927, Lt-Col. Donald Cardross Flower Erskine (1899-1984), 7th Baron Erskine and later 16th Earl of Buchan, of Chilterns End, Henley-on-Thames (Oxon), and had issue two sons and two daughters; died 15 February 1994; will proved 21 April 1994 (estate £791,499).
He inherited the 916 acre Greenham Lodge from his father in 1882. The house was sold in 1938 by his executors to his nephew, Guy Vernon Baxendale; the manorial rights were sold to Newbury Borough Council.
He died 21 May 1937; his will was proved, 28 June 1937 (estate £309,042). His widow died 7 January 1944; her will was proved 11 May 1944 (estate £6,694).

Francis Hugh Baxendale (1862-1918) 
Baxendale, Francis Hugh (1862-1918).
Younger son of 
Lloyd Baxendale (1822-82) and his wife Ellen, elder daughter of Canon Joseph Turner, vicar of Lancaster, born 2 July and baptised at Totteridge, 6 August 1862. A director of Pickford & Co., carriers, and following its merger in 1909 with Carter Paterson & Co., chairman of the merged company. Educated at Eton and Jesus College, Cambridge (matriculated 1882). JP for Sussex. Churchwarden of Framfield, 1890-1918. He married, 9 July 1883, Emily Ann (1857-1942), daughter of Thomas Nicholls of Clapham (Surrey), sculptor, and had issue:
(1) Guy Vernon Baxendale (1884-1969) (q.v.);
(2) Vera Ellen Baxendale (1888-1975), born 26 April 1888; lived at Pigeon's Farm, Greenham (Berks); married 1st, 8 February 1912 (div. 1925 on grounds of his adultery with Mabel Violet Norton), Cdr. Conyngham Charles Denison DSO RN (1885-1967), later 7th Baron Londesborough, elder son of Cdr. Hon. Conyngham Albert Denison RN, but had no issue; married 2nd, 17 December 1925, Air Vice-Marshal Cedric Ernest Victor Porter CBE (1894-1975), son of Joseph Francis Porter OBE of Helmsley (Yorks), and had issue one son; died 8 August 1975; will proved 28 January 1976 (estate £76,656);
(3) Basil Francis Baxendale (1890-1965), born 19 February 1890; started work as a clerk at Pickfords, c.1910; served in First World War as an officer in the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve (Lt-Cdr); awarded OBE, 1919; subsequently an artist, working at Beccles (Suffk) and later at Ropley (Hants); married, 28 November 1925 at Chelsea Register Office (Middx), Amy Beatrice (1897-1974), also an artist under the name 'Peter Baxendale', daughter of Edward Grasby, and had issue one daughter; died 11 September 1965; will proved 24 January 1966 (estate £34,202);
(4) Hugo Lloyd Baxendale (1899-1957), born 8 November 1899; educated at Eton; an officer in the Royal Navy (Sub-Lt.), who served in the First World War; market gardener; lived at Chidmere House, Chidham (Sussex); JP and County Alderman for West Sussex; served in Second World War as a divisional ARP warden; married, 18 April 1929, Eleanor Sibyl Mitford (1902-68), only daughter of Francis Gibbon Oliver of Mountfield, Faversham (Kent), and had issue four sons; died 20 January 1957; will proved 4 April 1957 (estate £2,995).
He moved to Framfield Place (Sussex) as a tenant in 1887 and bought the freehold in 1890.
He died 23 July 1918; will proved 20 November 1918 (estate £90,955). His widow died 24 May 1942; her will was proved 15 August 1942 (estate £7,338).

Baxendale, Guy Vernon (1884-1969). Eldest son of Francis Hugh Baxendale (1862-1918) of Framfield Place and his wife Emily Ann, daughter of Thomas Nicholls of Clapham (Surrey), sculptor, born 27 December 1884 and baptised at St Jude, South Kensington (Middx), 7 February 1885. Educated at Eton and travelled in South America, 1907. An officer in the Royal Garrison Artillery (2nd Lt., 1906; Lt., 1908; Capt., 1914; ret. 1919), who served in the First World War (mentioned in despatches). A director of Carter Paterson & Co. and its subsidiaries. DL for Sussex (from 1946) and County Alderman for East Sussex; High Sheriff of Sussex, 1929-30. As a young man he was a keen amateur motorist, taking part in a number of races and rallies (and being fined for speeding on a number of occasions); later in life he took up sailing. He married, 28 February 1911, Enid Blanche (1887-1980), second daughter of Joseph Francis Porter OBE of Helmsley (Yorks), and had issue:
(1) Ann Baxendale (1913-97), born 10 May 1913; emigrated to Kenya with her husband; married, 15 November 1950 at St Columba's Church House Chapel, Pont St., London, as his second wife, John Robert McCready (1911-85), barrister-at-law and a judge of the Supreme Court of Nairobi (Kenya), elder son of Rev. David McCready, and had issue one daughter; died 15 July 1997; will proved 22 January 1998;
(2) Joseph Alwyne Francis Baxendale (1915-40), born 7 November 1915; educated at Eton and Zurich; an officer in the Surrey and Sussex Yeomanry (2nd Lt., 1937; Lt.), who served in Second World War; married, 16 September 1939, Althea Dykes (1918-2007) (who m2, 12 February 1945, Capt. John Wynne Bankes (1916-2009), elder son of Robert Wynne Bankes CBE of Soughton Hall (Flints) and had issue two sons and one daughter), youngest daughter of Sir Albert Dykes Spicer, 2nd bt., but had no issue; died of wounds received in action during the retreat to Dunkirk, 2 June 1940, and was buried at Etaples Military Cemetery; administration of goods granted to his widow and father, 27 July 1942 (estate £1,885);
(3) (William Lloyd) John Baxendale (1919-82) (q.v.); 
(4) David Stephenson Baxendale (1922-44), born 10 November 1922; educated at Eton; an officer in the Coldstream Guards (2nd Lt., 1942); died unmarried when he was killed in action in France, 21 July 1944; administration of his goods granted to his father, 9 November 1944 (estate £2,633);
(5) Jane Baxendale (b. 1927), born 28 September 1927; married, Jan-Mar 1972, David E. Oakley.
He inherited Framfield Place from his father in 1918. In 1938 he purchased Greenham Lodge following the death of his uncle, and he intended to sell Framfield Place and move to Greenham Lodge, but when advertised in 1939 the Framfield estate failed to sell (apart from a secondary house called Arches Manor). Greenham Lodge was requisitioned by the Government soon afterwards, so he remained at Framfield until his death.
He died 30 July 1969; will proved 6 November 1969 (estate £39,613). His widow died aged 92 on 20 September 1980; her will was proved 6 November 1980 (estate £49,885).

Baxendale, Maj. (William Lloyd) John (1919-82). Second, but only surviving, son of Guy Vernon Baxendale (1884-1969) and his wife Enid Blanche, second daughter of John Francis Porter OBE of Helmsley (Yorks), born 15 June 1919. Educated at Eton and University College, Oxford. An officer in the Coldstream Guards (2nd Lt., 1940; Lt. 1942; Capt. 1944; Maj. 1947) who served with 6th Armoured Division of 1st Army, 1940-45. JP for Sussex. He married, 9 July 1946, Lady Elizabeth Joan Fortescue (1926-2010), younger daughter of Rt. Hon. Hugh William Fortescue, 5th Earl Fortescue, KG, and had issue:
(1) David Hugh Baxendale (b. 1952), born 23 January and baptised at Framfield, 5 April 1952; stockbroker and later farmer near Biggar (Lanarks); married, 1977, Jacqueline Loveday (1952-94), daughter of John William Hext of Trelaske (Cornwall), and had issue two sons;
(2) Peter Anthony Baxendale (b. 1955), born 4 December 1955; company director;
(3) Lucinda Margaret Baxendale (b. 1958), born 25 November 1958; married 1st, 17 September 1983 (div. 1986), Jonathan Edward Mccalmont Harington (b. 1955), property buying agent, son of Kenneth Douglas Evelyn Herbert Harington, but had no issue; married 2nd, 1992, Nicolas James Goland Crosthwaite (b. 1948), business consultant, son of Maj. Ivor Crosthwaite, and had issue one son and one daughter.
He inherited the Framfield Place estate from his father in 1969 and lived at Hailwell House on the estate. Framfield Place was sold and divided into six residences in 1977.
He died 15 February 1982. His wife died 17 January 2010.

Baxendale, Richard Birley (1823-78). Third son of Joseph Baxendale (1785-1872) and his wife Mary, daughter of Richard Birley of Blackburn (Lancs), born 10 October 1823. A sleeping partner in Pickford & Co, the management of which was in the hands of his elder brothers. A member of the Royal Yacht Club. He married 1st, 30 August 1853, Caroline Anne (1833-57), daughter of Maj. Duncan Darroch of Gourock (Renfrew), but had no surviving issue; married 2nd, 12 January 1860 at Bishops Tawton (Devon), Gertrude (1840-1909), daughter of Robert Chichester of Hall (Devon), and had issue:
(2.1) Gertrude Mary Baxendale (1863-1922), baptised at Wheathampstead (Herts), 30 September 1863; inherited Blackmore End on the death of her mother in 1909 but first rented it to Dundas Simpson and then during the First World War lent it as a hospital funded by family members and connections in the Federated Malay States, for which she was awarded the MBE; took the surname Vincent-Baxendale after her husband's death; married, 1883, as his second wife, Col. Arthur Hare Vincent (c.1841-1916) of East Grinstead (Sussex) and Summer Hill (Co. Clare), and had issue one son and four daughters; died at Hove (Sussex), 7 October 1922; administration of goods granted 30 January 1923 (estate £16,268). 
He purchased land at Kimpton (Herts) in 1865 and built Blackmore End by 1869. His town house was at 35 Portman Sq., London.
He died 1 June 1878 and was buried at Whetstone; will proved 19 July 1878 (effects under £350,000). His first wife died in childbirth and was buried at Whetstone, 6 June 1857. His widow died of a stroke, 27 September 1909, and was buried at Kimpton; her will was proved 20 November 1909 (estate £16,498).

Principal sources

Burke's Landed Gentry, 1965, pp. 50-52; VCH Berkshire, vol. 3, 1923, pp. 311-29; P. Hale, Delightful and bracing: Blackmore End and Porter's End - the legacy of the Baxendales, 2004; G. Tyack, S. Bradley & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Berkshire, 2010, pp. 316-17; N. Antram & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Sussex - East, with Brighton and Hove, 2013, pp. 398-99.

Location of archives

Baxendale of Greenham: deeds, manorial records and estate papers, 16th cent-1913 [Berkshire Record Office, D/EBx]
Baxendale of Framfield Place: estate maps and sale particulars, c.1873-1910 [East Sussex, Brighton and Hove Record Office, Acc. 6625]

Coat of arms

Gules, two barrulets argent, in chief a fir tree eradicated proper between two trefoils slipped, and in base a like trefoil of the second.

Can you help?

  • Does anyone know of a picture or engraving of the early 19th century predecessor of the present house at Greenham Lodge?
  • Can anyone identify the architect of Blackmore End for certain?
  • I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
  • If anyone can offer further information or corrections I should be most grateful. I am always particularly pleased to hear from descendants of the family who can supply information from their own research or personal knowledge for inclusion.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 10 July 2021. I am grateful to Matthew Beckett for suggesting the possible identity of the architect of Blackmore End.

Wednesday, 30 June 2021

(461) Baumgartner of Island Hall

This family traces its origins to a Swiss émigré, Jacob Julien Baumgartner (1733-1816), the son of a physician, who moved to England in 1760 and entered into business as a merchant. The business, later a partnership called Baumgartner & Hoofstetter, acted as Continental agents for a number of high profile British businessmen, including Josiah Wedgwood and the Boulton & Watt steam engine company, and had offices in London, Birmingham and Nottingham. Jacob himself seems to have lived in or near Nottingham until 1804, when he bought Island Hall at Godmanchester (Hunts), probably at the time of his retirement. He had two sons, John Thomas (1778-1874) and Robert Jacob (1779-1810), who were both sent to Geneva and then to Edinburgh University for their education. At Edinburgh, they qualified as physicians and they evidently practised in and around Godmanchester. Robert became ill in 1810 and after failing to treat himself successfully, sought the advice of Robert Waring Darwin (1766-1848), the son of Erasmus Darwin and father of Charles Darwin. He recommended a preparation of arsenic and sugar, which Robert was doubtful about taking, but perhaps he did, since he was dead within a month.

The Island Hall estate descended in 1816 to Jacob's surviving son, Dr. John Thomas Baumgartner (1778-1874), who remained exceptionally vigorous into old age: he was still taking a dip in the River Ouse at the bottom of the garden until a few weeks before his death, aged 96! In this second generation, the links with Switzerland and Austria remained strong: John Thomas had been educated in Geneva and he and his wife made frequent extended stays on the Continent, where a number of their children were born. Around 1830, they seem to have lived permanently near Salzburg (Austria) for several years, before returning to England. In 1842 their eldest son, John Percy Baumgartner (1812-1903), came into possession of his mother's family seat, Milton Hall (Cambs), a Tudor and 18th century house set in a landscaped park designed by Humphry Repton, and the family lived there until the 1850s. When they eventually moved back to Island Hall it was because John Percy had run into debt and needed to sell the estate at Milton, which he did in 1860-62. 

When he died in 1874, John Thomas divided his property equally between his ten surviving children, which had the effect of severing the house from the small associated estate that had helped to support it. The house itself was left to his second son, General Robert Julian Baumgartner (1814-95). He purchased the freehold of the island in the River Ouse from which Island Hall takes its name, which had previously only been rented by the family from the descendants of the Jacksons who built the house. He can, however, have used the house comparatively little, since he was in India with the army a good deal, and also seems to have spent some time in Ireland, where his wife's family lived in County Down. When he died he left Island Hall to his second daughter, Violet Julia Beart (1863-1947), who had recently been widowed. She later had a second brief marriage and lived at Island Hall as Mrs. Bevan until it was requisitioned in the Second World War. She never moved back to the house, for after the war, the house was taken over by the local authority for emergency housing and divided into small flats; she died in Cheshire in 1947.

That might well have been the end of the family's association with Island Hall. They retained the freehold for some years, but that too was sold in 1958. The house continued to be used as local authority housing until 1977, when a fire damaged the south wing and the whole property was sold two years later and restored as a single private residence. Once this work was completed, the house was sold to Christopher Vane Percy (b. 1945), an interior designer from London, who had seen the house from the river and coveted it as a teenager. Only after he bought the house did he realise his strong family connection to the place: he stood in a direct male line from Dr John Thomas Baumgartner, who was his great-great-great-grandfather, the difference in surname being accounted for by the decision of many branches of the family to change their name from the Germanic Baumgartner to Percy during the First World War. The name Percy was chosen because the wife of Jacob Julien Baumgartner was heir to the Percy estates in Cambridgeshire.

Island Hall, Godmanchester, Huntingdonshire

The situation of the house on one of the main streets of the little town of Godmanchester, albeit set back behind railings, arguably makes Island Hall a town house rather than a country house, but the rear has a more rural aspect, as the gardens run down to the Great Ouse river and have a Chinoiserie footbridge across to an island in the river, which was also part of the garden. The house is first recorded as 'new built' in 1749 and was built by Original Jackson (d. 1771) as a wedding present for his son John Jackson (1729-88), later Receiver-General for Huntingdonshire, whose new wife brought him 600 acres of land around the town. It is built of red brick and consists of a three-bay centre of two-and-a-half storeys, which breaks slightly forward from lower two-bay wings to either side. The front and rear elevations are identical (slight evidence, perhaps, that no professional architect was involved with the design), and have a central pediment with stone modillions, Tuscan porches, and windows with stone architraves on brackets.

Island Hall, Godmanchester: garden front, 2011. Image: sps1955. Some rights reserved.
Inside, there is an unexpectedly large entrance hall, the width of the central block, with a handsome chimneypiece and overmantel with consoles, and doorcases with enriched friezes. It has been conjectured that the hall was so large because it was originally intended that the staircase should rise within it, with the space behind it - now occupied by the staircase - being the saloon, but that this plan was changed during construction so as to create a fashionable first-floor saloon with a more imposing approach. (The other great house of Godmanchester, Farm Hall, finished in 1746, has a suite of reception rooms on its first floor, and there may have been some rivalry!). As built, the hall opens through a fine Doric screen with fluted columns and a full entablature to the staircase hall behind. In the 19th century, the hall became a library and the screen was partly infilled to create a more enclosed space, but the original layout was recreated when the house was restored in 1979. 

Island Hall: entrance hall with the partially Gothic infilling of the screen in place. Image: Historic England.

Island Hall: the screen wall and staircase from the screen today.
The staircase itself has elegantly slender twisted balusters and a string carved with acanthus foliage. It rises to emerge through a screen of Ionic columns into a transverse passage, which has arches at each end. Above the hall is the saloon, with a fine Kentian doorcase which was originally on the staircase side of the wall but now faces into the room. Without it, the saloon would have been remarkably plain, and it seems possible that an intended decorative scheme was never carried out. The best chimneypiece is in the small drawing room (originally the dining room), with console brackets and overmantel flanked by volutes inset with a lugged frame and topped by a broken pediment. The adjoining dining room (originally the drawing room) has lovely carved overdoors. To the south of the original house is a later kitchen wing, built in 1768, and beyond this stand the former stables with a pretty Gothick cupola. 

During the Second World War the house was requisitioned for use by the WAAF and later the RAF, for whom a series of Nissen huts were constructed in the garden. After the war the property was acquired by the local authority and the house and huts were converted into fifteen tiny flats. The house was seriously damaged by a fire in 1977 which largely gutted the south wing, and the house was at some risk of demolition at this time. Fortunately it was bought by a private owner who engaged Marshall Sisson to restore the house. The post-war partitioning was removed, the fire damage restored and the Nissen huts cleared away before the house was sold in 1983 to Christopher Vane Percy, a collateral descendant of the family which owned the house from 1804-1958. He has carried out further restoration work and redecorated the house beautifully, and the house is now accessible for private group visits as well as being used for weddings and other events (see

When first built the house had gardens both at the rear and on the opposite side of the road, where there is now a school. The Chinese bridge linking the rear garden to the island in the Ouse from which the house takes its name was first recorded in the 18th century, but collapsed in the 1930s. It was reconstructed on the basis of photographic evidence as part of the general restoration of the house after 1983, and has had to be rebuilt again since.

Descent: built c.1740-49 for Original Jackson (c.1697-1771); to son, John Jackson (1729-88); to son, John Jackson, junior (1750-1807), who sold 1804 to Jacob Julian Baumgartner (1733-1816); to son, Dr. John Thomas Baumgartner (1778-1874); to son, Gen. Robert Julian Baumgartner (1814-95); to daughter, Violet Julia (1863-1947), widow of Frederick W. Beart (d. 1895) and later wife of Cyril Mountain Bevan (1851-1916); requisitioned in 1941 for WAAF and later RAF; transferred to the local authority under the Emergency Housing Act and converted into flats; freehold sold 1958 to Huntingdonshire County Council; sold 1979 to Simon Herrtage; sold 1983 to Christopher Vane Percy (b. 1945).

Baumgartner family of Island Hall

Baumgartner, Jacob Julien (1733-1816). Son of Jean Baumgartner of Soleure (Switzerland), physician, and his wife Susanne Villemejanne of Geneva (Switzerland), born in Switzerland, 23 January 1733. He emigrated to England in 1760 and became a naturalized British subject in 1774. Merchant, in partnership with a Mr. Hoofstetter (probably John Lewis Hoofstetter, naturalised in 1781) in London, Birmingham and Nottingham. He married, 19 January 1774 at Nottingham, Tryce Mary (1752-1815), daughter of Rev. Thomas Parratt and his wife Tryce (who was only daughter and heiress of the Rev. Joscelyn Percy), and had issue:
(1) Jacob Julien Baumgartner (b. & d. 1775), born 18 March 1775; died in infancy, 13 August 1775;
(2) Tryce Mary Baumgartner (1777-1835), born 14 March 1777; died unmarried, 19 March 1835, and was buried at Godmanchester;
(3) Dr John Thomas Baumgartner (1778-1874) (q.v.);
(4) Robert Jacob Baumgartner (1779-1810), born 11 October 1779; educated at Geneva and Edinburgh University (admitted 1797; MD 1800); physician; died unmarried, possibly as a result of taking a remedy compounded of arsenic and sugar prescribed by Dr. Robert Waring Darwin, 6 December 1810 and was buried at Godmanchester.
He lived in London and later at Nottingham after coming to England. He purchased Island Hall in 1804.
He died 2 December 1816 and was buried at Godmanchester. His wife died 26 November 1815 and was buried at Godmanchester.

Baumgartner, Dr. John Thomas (1778-1874). Elder son of Jacob Julian Baumgartner (1733-1816) and his wife Tryce Mary, daughter of Rev. Thomas Parratt, born at Wilford (Notts), 20 March 1778. Educated at Geneva and Edinburgh University (admitted, 1796; MD, 1799). Physician in Godmanchester. He was a keen swimmer and used regularly to swim around the island in the Great Ouse in the garden of Island House; he was still taking a dip in the river a few weeks before his death, aged 96! He married, 11 October 1810, Phillipa (1792-1882), third daughter of Samuel Knight of Milton Hall (Cambs), and had issue:
(1) Philippa Julia Baumgartner (1811-85), baptised at Godmanchester, 31 July 1811; married, 6 May 1834 at Godmanchester, Philip Tillard JP DL (1811-87) of Stukeley Hall, Great Stukeley (Hunts), eldest son of Rev. Richard Tillard of Street End House (Kent), and had issue five sons and four daughters; died 16 December 1885;
(2) John Percy Baumgartner (1812-1903), of Gorleston (Norfk), born 27 June and baptised at Godmanchester, 29 June 1812; educated in Geneva and at Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (admitted 1831); JP for Cambridgeshire; inherited Milton Hall from his grandfather in 1835, subject to the life interest of his step-grandmother, extinguished in 1842; having heavily mortgaged his expectations from the estate, he sold it in 1860-62; later collector of customs at Great Yarmouth (Norfk); he married, 17 February 1849 at St Saviour, Southwark (Surrey), Eliza (1817-92), daughter of John Brunskill of Southwark, and had issue four sons and five daughters; died aged 90 at Gorleston (Suffk), 10 June 1903; will proved 31 July 1903 (estate £7,054);
(3) General Robert Julian Baumgartner (1814-95) (q.v.);
(4) Edward Jocelyn Baumgartner (1815-99), born 3 April 1815 and baptised at Godmanchester, 16 March 1817; articled clerk to Henry Owen of Worksop (Notts), solicitor, 1832; later retrained at Middle Temple (admitted, 1838; called, 1841); barrister-at-law; JP for Hunts; Master and Registrar of the Supreme Court at Gibraltar, 1867-91; a freemason from 1839; married 1st, 26 August 1851 at St Luke, Chelsea (Middx), Catherine (1828-54), daughter of William Taylor of Histon (Cambs), but had no issue; married 2nd, 11 January 1860 at St Mary Abbots, Kensington (Middx), Sarah Woodland (1832-86), and had issue four sons and seven daughters; died 8 February 1899;
(5) George Jasper Baumgartner (1816-17), born 7 April 1816 and baptised at Godmanchester, 16 March 1817; died in infancy, 5 May and was buried at St Luke, Chelsea (Middx), 9 May 1817;
(6) Georgiana Baumgartner (1820-1911), born 6 May and baptised at Godmanchester, 25 July 1820; married, 18 September 1839 at Godmanchester, Edward Charrington (1811-88) of Buryscourt, Leigh (Surrey), brewer, and had issue nine sons and four daughters; died aged 90 on 16 February 1911 and was buried at Leigh; will proved 28 March 1911 (estate £10,671);
(7) Rev. Henry Algernon Baumgartner (1821-1909) (q.v.);
(8) George Samuel Baumgartner (1823-66), born 26 January and baptised at Godmanchester, 10 April 1823; worked in Birmingham for Moilliet & Co., gem merchants, but in 1853 emigrated to Australia with his brother Charles; said to have married, 15 August 1863, Christina Forbes, and had issue three sons and two daughters (some of whom were born before their parents' marriage); died 6 May 1866 and was buried at Camberwell, Victoria (Australia);
(9) Gen. Thomas Mowbray Baumgartner (1824-1915), born 21 July 1824; an officer in the Indian Army Staff Corps (Ensign, 1845; Lt., 1847; Capt., 1856; Maj., 1865; Lt-Col. 1871; Col., 1876; retired from active service, 1883; Maj-Gen., 1886; Lt-Gen., 1890; General, 1894); died unmarried aged 90 in London, 23 January 1915, and was buried at Godmanchester; will proved 23 March 1915 (estate £820);
(10) Charles Astrey Octavius Baumgartner (1825-1910), born in Geneva, 8 October and baptised at the British chaplaincy there, 1 November 1825 and again at Godmanchester, 23 January 1832; educated at Oriel College, Oxford (matriculated 1844; BA 1848); emigrated to Australia with his brother George in 1853 and worked with him for a time in the Australian goldfields, but return to England in 1862 at the request of his godfather, Charles Hoofstetter, with whom he lived in Thurloe Sq. until 1870; lived latterly at Hammersmith (Middx); died unmarried, 1 July 1910; administration of goods granted 25 August 1910 (£17,477);
(11) Emma Frances Baumgartner (b. & d. 1827), born 11 March 1827; baptised at British chaplaincy in Geneva (Switzerland), 11 July 1827; died at Geneva, 26 July 1827;
(12) Emma Frances Amelia Baumgartner (1828-1911), born 30 November 1828 and baptised at Godmanchester, 23 July 1832; established a night school for boys and young men at Godmanchester c.1870; author of A Medley of Birthdays (1911); died unmarried, 28 January 1911, and was buried at Godmanchester, where she is commemorated by a monument; will proved 6 March 1911 (estate £10,008);
(13) Elizabeth Charlotte Olivia Baumgartner (1831-44), born 1 September 1831; died young at Leopoldskron, Salzburg (Austria), 15 July 1844 and was buried at Anif (Austria); she is commemorated on monuments at Godmanchester.
He inherited Island Hall from his father in 1816, but lived chiefly at Milton Hall (Cambs) until the 1850s, when his son sold that estate. He then moved to Island Hall. At his death he divided his property between his ten surviving children, separating the house from its estate.
He died aged 96 on 12 August, and was buried at Godmanchester, 18 August 1874, where he is commemorated by a monument; his will was proved 8 October 1874 (effects under £3,000). His widow died aged 90 on 31 March, and was buried at Godmanchester, 5 April 1882; her will was proved 23 June 1882 (effects £592).

Gen. Robert Julian Baumgartner (1814-95) 
Baumgartner, General Robert Julian (1814-95).
Second son of Dr. John Thomas Baumgartner (1778-1874) and his wife Phillipa, third daughter of Samuel Knight of Milton (Cambs), born 17 March 1814. Educated in Geneva (Switzerland). An officer in the army (Ensign, 1833; Lt., 1837; Capt., 1841; Maj., 1851; Lt-Col., 1854; Col., 1860; Maj-Gen., 1868; Lt-Gen., 1877; Gen., 1881), who served in the Crimean War, when he made serious proposals for the raising of 10,000 troops in Switzerland for British service; wounded, and appointed CB and awarded the Turkish Order of Medjidie (4th class), 1855; Colonel of Royal Sussex Regiment, 1888-95. He was a Conservative in politics, and a freeman of Godmanchester, but took no part in local public affairs. He married, 6 July 1859 at Newry (Co. Down), Helen (1835-1911), daughter of Ross Thompson of Greenwood Park (Co. Down), and had issue:
(1) Philippa Helen Surman Baumgartner (1861-1909), born 24 September and baptised at Gwalior, Bengal (India), 19 October 1861; married, 13 September 1885, Rev. Harry Darwin Burton (1859-1943), vicar of St Saviour, St. Albans (Herts), and had issue six daughters; died 20 May 1909;
(2) Violet Julia Baumgartner (1863-1947) (q.v.);
(3) Henry Percy Julian Baumgartner (later Percy) (1865-1944), born 4 September and baptised at Calcutta (India), 7 October 1865; educated at Cheltenham College; engineer, working chiefly in India; married, Jul-Sept. 1903, Elvira Helen (c.1872-1935), daughter of Arthur Keegan of Dublin, and had issue one son and one daughter; died 1 September 1944;
(4) Charles Thomas Jocelyn Baumgartner (1868-1964), baptised at Godmanchester, 11 December 1868; emigrated to Canada, 1900; patient at Essondale Provincial Mental Hospital by 1922; died unmarried, aged 95, at Colquitlam, British Columbia (Canada), 23 September 1964; administration of goods granted 12 March 1965 (effects in England, £5,946);
(5) Ethel Nixon Baumgartner (1871-1948), born at Drumesk, Rostrevor (Co. Down), 8 February 1871, and baptised at Newry (Co. Down); married, 2 September 1896 at Godmanchester, Rev. Charles Leonard Thornton-Duesbery (1867-1928), rector of Holy Trinity, St. Marylebone (Middx) and had issue one son and one daughter; died at Ramsey (Isle of Man), 4 February 1948; will proved 27 May 1948 (estate in England, £5,824);
(6) Grace Eva Baumgartner (1873-1954), born 24 December 1873; died unmarried in Hastings (Sussex), 4 May 1954; will proved 3 July 1954 (estate £6,939).
He inherited Island Hall from his father in 1874, and purchased the freehold of the island in the River Ouse (which had only been leased by the family since 1804) in 1882.
He died 24 September and was buried at Godmanchester, 27 September 1895; his will was proved 15 November 1895 (effects £276). His widow died 6 July 1911 and was buried at Godmanchester, where she is commemorated by a monument; her will was proved 27 October 1911 (estate £227).

Baumgartner, Violet Julia (1863-1947). Second daughter of Gen. Robert Julian Baumgartner (1814-95) and his wife Helen, daughter of Ross Thompson of Greenwood Park (Co. Down), baptised at Gonda, Bengal (India), 12 June 1863. She married 1st, 8 April 1891 at Godmanchester, Maj. Frederick Robert Beart (1850-95) of The Chestnuts, Godmanchester and 2nd, 4 January 1915 at St Giles, Cambridge, as his second wife, Cyril Mountain Bevan (1851-1916) of Lilliput (Dorset), and had issue:
(1.1) Robert (otherwise Robin) Baumgartner Beart (1892-1972), born 10 April 1892; educated at Winchester; travelled to USA and South America in 1913-14 but came back for war service as an officer in the 18th Hussars (Lt., retired 1921) before returning to South America; farmer at Estancia El Espanillo, San Luis (Argentina); married, 1 July 1926 at Chester Cathedral, Agnes Pamela (1905-75), daughter of John Montagu Tharp of Denston Hall (Suffk), and had issue one son and one daughter; died 22 February 1972; administration of goods granted 17 March 1978 (estate in England, £2,898);
(1.2) Helen Tryce Beart (1893-1980), born 16 May 1893; served in First World War as Lady Superintendent with Voluntary Aid Detachment and Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps; married, 15 April 1922 at Trinity church, St Marylebone (Middx), Arthur Percival Vernon Pigot (1890-1966), of Grappenhall (Ches.), solicitor, son of Rev. Harry Vernon Pigot, vicar of Grappenhall, and had issue two sons and one daughter; died at Willington Hall (Ches), 18 February 1980; will proved 16 January 1981 (estate £65,100);
(1.3) Brig. Charles William Beart (1894-1982), born 10 May 1894; educated at Winchester College and RMC Sandhurst; an officer in the Durham Light Infantry (2nd Lt., 1914; Lt., 1914; Capt., 1920; Maj. 1933; Lt-Col., 1941; temp. Col., 1942; retired as Brig., 1947); served in First and Second World Wars and was awarded MC, 1917 and OBE, 1946; married, 1955, Ann Bowman, and had issue one daughter; died in Shrewsbury (Shrops.), 22 May 1982; will proved 23 August 1982 (estate £35,256).
She inherited Island Hall from her father in 1895 and lived there until it was requisitioned for military use in 1942. She lived latterly at Ruloe, Cuddington (Cheshire).
She died 16 November 1947; her will was proved 20 February 1948 (estate £13,228). Her first husband died 4 March 1895. Her second husband died 15 July 1916; his will was proved 30 September 1916 (estate £19,971).

Rev. H.A. Baumgartner (1821-1909) 
Baumgartner, Rev. Henry Algernon (1821-1909).
son of Dr. John Thomas Baumgartner (1778-1874) and his wife Phillipa, third daughter of Samuel Knight of Milton (Cambs), born 25 October 1821 and baptised at Godmanchester, 24 April 1822. Educated at Rugby and Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (matriculated 1840; BA 1844; MA 1847). Ordained deacon, 1845 and priest, 1846. Vicar of Coniscliffe (Co. Durham), 1849-57; perpetual curate of Emmanuel Church, Camberwell (Surrey), 1858-63; vicar of St Paul, Worcester, 1863-67, Mevagissey (Cornw.), 1867-81 and Nettlebed (Oxon), 1881-1908. He married, 30 April 1849 at Witton-le-Wear (Co. Durham), Frances Octavia (1826-1907), fourth daughter of George Hutton Wilkinson of Harperley Park (Co. Durham), Recorder of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and had issue:
(1) George Algernon Baumgartner (later Percy) (1850-1944), born 2 March 1850; an official in the Ceylon Civil Service; married, 16 November 1878 at Trincomalee (Ceylon), Florence Harper, and had issue three sons and two daughters; died aged 94 at Germoe (Cornw.) on 21 March 1944; will proved 30 June 1944 (estate £2,625);
(2) Kate Harriet Baumgartner (1851-1940), born 1 June 1851; married, 8 February 1881 at Dodbrooke (Devon), Philip Furse Marshall (1857-1942), farmer and later shopkeeper, son of John Marshall, yeoman, and had issue; died in Sussex, Oct-Dec 1940;
(3) Alice Mary Annie Baumgartner (1852-1918), born 3 June 1852; married, 6 July 1886 at St Mary Abbotts, Kensington (Middx), Lt-Col. John James Davy (1844-1925) and had issue one son and one daughter; died 14 March 1918;
(4) Harry Percy Baumgartner (1853-98) (q.v.);
(5) Amy Millicent Baumgartner (1854-1931), born 6 November 1854; amateur woodcarver, a skill which she taught in boys' clubs around Henley-on-Thames; lived with her sister Juliet in Henley; died unmarried, 24 November 1931; will proved 1 January 1932 (estate £459);
(6) Violet Sibella Baumgartner (1856-1946), born 3 January 1856; lived in Reading (Berks); died unmarried, aged 90, on 17 February 1946 and was cremated at Henley Road Crematorium, Caversham (Berks);
(7) Juliet Frances Baumgartner (1857-1937), born Jan-March 1857; lived with her sister Amy in Henley-on-Thames; died unmarried, 24 April 1937; will proved 25 May 1937 (estate £1,396);
(8) Wilfred Octavius Baumgartner (1858-1915), born 14 September and baptised at Emmanuel Church, Camberwell, 4 November 1858; mining engineer in a colliery in Co. Durham; married, Jan-Mar 1893 Charlotte Annie Reynolds (1871-1959), and had issue five children (of whom three died young); died Jul-Sept 1915;
(9) Ethel Leonora Baumgartner (1859-1943), born 14 September and baptised at Emmanuel Church, Camberwell, 16 October 1859; lived latterly at Henley-on-Thames; died unmarried, 8 December 1943; will proved 21 January 1944 (estate £2,374).
He died 18 May 1909 and was buried at Nettlebed, where he is commemorated by a monument; his will was proved 6 August 1909 (estate £1,736). His wife died 10 January 1907.

Baumgartner, Harry Percy (1853-98). Second son of Rev. Henry Algernon Baumgartner (1821-1909) and his wife Frances Octavia, daughter of George Hutton Wilkinson, born 11 November 1853. Collector of customs in the Ceylon Civil Service. He married, 1881 in Ceylon, Ethel May Vane (1860-1949), and had issue:
(1) Bertram Wilfred Vane Baumgartner (later Percy) (1882-1959) (q.v.);
(2) Harold Vane Baumgartner (later Percy) (1883-1938), born 17 November and baptised at Nettlebed, 2 December 1883; emigrated to South Africa before 1908 but returned to England in 1912, although he apparently played in one cricket test match for South Africa in December 1913; took the name Percy in lieu of Baumgartner in 1915; later a civil servant in the Gold Coast (now Ghana); married, c.1926, Dr. Nora Aileen MB BS MRCS LRCP (1892-1956), physician and surgeon, daughter of James Theodore Robinson of Mooradabad (India), but had no issue; died in Accra (Ghana), 8 April 1938;
(3) Eric Joselyn Vane Baumgartner (later Percy) (1887-1962), born in Ceylon, 20 April 1887; bank manager; married, 5 June 1915 at All Saints, Notting Hill (Middx), Kathleen (1888-1975), daughter of George Frederick Neil McKenna, wine merchant; died 6 January 1962; will proved 21 February 1962 (estate £4,706);
(4) Julian Mowbray Vane Baumgartner (later Percy) (1891-1961), born 22 July and baptised at Nettlebed (Oxon), 17 August 1891; commercial traveller and later company director; served in First World War with Suffolk Regiment (L/Cpl; commissioned as 2nd Lt., 1915); possibly also the man of this name who served in King's Royal Rifle Corps (Lt. 1940); married 1st, 1925, (div. 1927), Pearl Verner Fisher; married 2nd, Apr-Jun 1928, Erna Joyce alias Jaeger (1892-1931); married 3rd, 1941, Irene Lynn (1891-1983), daughter of Harry Martin Dennes of Sydney (Australia) and widow of George Arthur Williams (1892-1934); died in London, 29 April 1961; will proved 21 July 1961 (estate £22,640);
(5) Una Vane Baumgartner (later Percy) (1892-1985), born 12 November 1892; actress; married 1st, 1917, Malcolm Gibson Cherry (1878-1925), actor; married 2nd, Oct-Dec 1929, Gordon Brooke Willoughby Hamilton Gay (1895-1973); died 9 March 1985; will proved 24 June 1985 (estate £96,257).
He spent most of his working life in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), but retired to Bedford. His widow lived latterly in Wimbledon (Surrey).
He died in Bedford, 31 December 1898; administration of his goods was granted 28 March 1899 (effects £1,426). His widow died 12 January 1949; her will was proved 26 February 1949 (estate £1,732).

Baumgartner (later Percy), Bertram Wilfred Vane (1882-1959). Eldest son of Harry Percy Baumgartner (1853-98) and his wife Ethel May Vane, born at Colombo (Sri Lanka), 9 October 1882. Bank agent with Bank of Bengal; a freemason from 1910. He joined other members of his family in changing his surname to Percy in 1915. He married, 23 January 1915 at St Thomas' Cathedral, Bombay (India), Dorothy Marian (1885-1973), daughter of Thomas George Treadgold, and had issue:
(1) Kenneth Vane Percy (1917-98) (q.v.);
(2) David John Vane Percy (1920-2001), born 4 July 1920; an officer in the Hon. Artillery Company, 1939-40 and Royal Artillery, 1941; chartered accountant and liquidator; lived in south-east London and later in Hampshire; married, 21 December 1943, Celia Blanche (1910-88), daughter of Dr. W. Carrick Allen MD; died August 2001;
(3) Pauline Margaret Vane Percy (1922-2000), born in Bombay (India), 26 October 1922; married, 25 January 1943 at Westcliff-on-Sea (Essex), Derek Plummer (1923-2010), second son of Capt. R.M. Plummer, and had issue one son; died 3 March 2000; will proved 13 June 2000.
He lived in India for much of his working life, but retired to Bedford.
He died 14 January 1959; will proved 23 April 1959 (estate £24,419). His widow died 1 November 1973; her will was proved 8 February 1974 (estate £12,570).

Percy, Kenneth Vane (1917-98). Elder son of Bertram Wilfred Vane Baumgartner (later Percy) and his wife Dorothy Marian, daughter of Thomas George Treadgold, born in Hyderabad (India), 10 March and baptised at Secunderabat, 14 April 1917. He served in the Royal Artillery in the Second World War (2nd Lt., 1940; Lt.; retired on account of disability as Capt. 1946). Captain of the Bedfordshire County Cricket team, 1947, and later of Bedfordshire Golf Club. He married 1st, 10 March 1940 at Stow-on-the-Wold (Glos), (div.) Jean (1919-2012), daughter of Lt-Col. C.W. Farquharson OBE, and 2nd, Jul-Sept 1957, Dorothy Edith Joyce Tetley (1914-2002), and had issue:
(1.1) Alison Jane Vane Percy (1941-2012), born 5 December 1941; artist; married, Apr-Jun 1965, Shaun Martindale (b. 1944), engineer; died 17 December 2012; will proved 24 July 2013;
(1.2) Christopher David Vane Percy (b. 1945) (q.v.).
He lived at Biddenham (Beds).
He died 22 December 1998; his will was proved 19 February 1999. His first wife died at Island Hall aged 92 on 18 January 2012. His second wife died 16 November 2002; her will was proved 10 February 2003.

Percy, Christopher David Vane (b. 1945). Only son of Kenneth Vane Percy (1917-98) and his first wife, Jean Farquharson, born 15 March 1945. Interior designer who established his own business (CVP Designs) in 1971 and has secured many high profile commissions including the Connaught Hotel, London and Hagley Hall (Worcs); sometime President of the British Interior Design Association and of the International Interior Design Association; Mayor of Godmanchester, 2013; Trustee of Moggerhanger House Preservation Trust, 2013-20. He married, 17 May 1973, Lady* Linda Denise Grosvenor (1948-2019), daughter of Robert Egerton Grosvenor, 5th Baron Ebury by his second wife, and had issue:
(1) Maximilian Egerton Vane Percy (b. 1979), born November 1979; educated at Oakham School; surveyor; partner in Montagu Evans with responsibility for managing the Berkeley Square Estate in London; married, 2009, Lisette Sara (b. 1978), daughter of Andrew Cooper of Rowlands Castle (Hants) and has issue three sons;
(2) Grace Dorothy Denise Vane Percy (b. 1981), born August 1981; educated at Oakham School and Central St Martins; photographer specialising in the female nude since 2008; author of Venus (2014); general manager of Island Hall since 2011; married, 2011, Panagiotis (Takis), theatre designer, younger son of Nikolaos Chatoupis, of Sikion (Greece), and has issue one daughter;
(3) Tryce Mary Susanne (b. 1991), born July 1991; educated at Oakham School; works in the fashion industry.
He repurchased Island Hall in 1983 and restored it. He handed the house over to his elder daughter in about 2020.
Now living. His wife died 19 May 2019.
* Her half-brother, Francis Egerton Grosvenor (b. 1934), 6th Baron Ebury, succeeded to the Earldom of Wilton in 1999, and she and her siblings were raised to the rank of an Earl's sons and daughters in 2001.

Principal sources

Burke's Landed Gentry, 1925, pp. 102-03; VCH Cambridgeshire, vol. 9, 1989, pp. 179-82;  Debrett's Illustrated Peerage, 2014, p. P1303;

Location of archives

Baumgartner of Godmanchester: deeds, estate and manorial papers, family correspondence, notebooks, commonplace books and photographs, 1599-1956 [Cambridgeshire Archives, 17, L.3; L.35; R.55.31, 38; Huntingdonshire Archives 5614]

Coat of arms

None recorded.

Can you help?

  • If anyone knows more about the Baumgartner & Hoofstetter company and its activities, I would be pleased to learn more.
  • I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
  • If anyone can offer further information or corrections I should be most grateful. I am always particularly pleased to hear from descendants of the family who can supply information from their own research or personal knowledge for inclusion.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 30 June 2021.