Saturday, 20 February 2021

(447) Bates of Gyrn Castle, Manydown Park and Hinderton Hall, baronets

Bates of Gyrn Castle &
Manydown Park, baronets 
The Bates family, who became one of Liverpool's leading commercial dynasties in the late 19th and 20th centuries, trace their origins to a family of middle-class wool merchants in the West Riding of Yorkshire in the mid 18th century. Their rise to great wealth and gentry status began with Joseph Bates (1769-1846), who began trading with India under the auspices of the East India Company. In 1830, he sent his son Joseph junior (b. 1809) out to Calcutta to operate as an agent who found markets for Joseph's cloth and the increasing range of other goods which the firm exported; and also sourced Indian goods and raw materials to flow in the opposite direction, which could be sold at a profit in Britain. As the business grew and became established, Joseph junior took a partner, John Elliott, creating the firm of Bates & Elliott, and in 1835 Joseph returned to England, leaving Elliot in charge in Calcutta, and set up in business as an import-export merchant in Liverpool. Two of Joseph junior's brothers, Edward Bates (1816-96) and Benjamin Hopkinson Bates (1817-54), were sent out to Calcutta to work in the firm (in 1833 and 1836 respectively). Both young men seem to have been a little wild and ungovernable, and they were probably sent abroad to knock off some of their rough edges, as well as to gain business experience. Both men caused their father and John Elliott a good deal of angst, but after Edward married in 1836, he seems gradually to have become calmer and more business focused. Benjamin remained wild and after returning to England and setting up as a cloth merchant on his own account, he was bankrupted in 1850 and emigrated to Australia, where he died in 1854.

Edward returned to England in 1838, but in 1840 he went out to India again, this time to Bombay, where he established the same sort of mercantile house that his brother had founded in Calcutta. He was apparently obliged by his wife's health to return to England in 1843, but unfortunately she died on the voyage. Back in England, he married the daughter of a Hull banker and then went back to Bombay, where he remained until 1848. His return to England then may have been prompted by the death of his father in 1846 followed by the bankruptcy of his brother Joseph in 1847. He settled in Liverpool and began chartering ships to trade with Bombay, buying his first second-hand ship a year or two later. Over time he gradually built up his fleet of vessels and expanded his trading area to include other Indian ports, China and Australia. Within a decade he was more of a shipowner than a merchant, and in 1866 he bought a shipbuilding yard in Hull. By 1870, when he began handing the business over to his sons, he owned a fleet of 51 vessels and had made a great deal of money by importing cotton from India during the shortages caused by the American Civil War, and from Government supply contracts during the Abyssinian war of 1867. After 1870, when his sons Edward Percy Bates (1845-99) and Gilbert Thompson Bates (1847-1917) became the managing partners, Edward's focus turned increasingly to politics, and in 1871, he became the Conservative MP for Plymouth. He was popular with the electors and was repeatedly returned until he retired in 1890, but in 1880, Parliament set aside his election because of an irregularity in his election expenses which seems to have been due to an over-enthusiastic agent. Disraeli compensated him for this disappointment with a baronetcy, and he became Sir Edward Bates, 1st bt.

From 1870 Edward Bates & Sons began adding steamers to their fleet and in 1886 they had a steel-screw steamer built to their own design, which heralded a change of direction to a smaller number of large modern steamships engaged in general tramping. The Bombay office was closed in 1898 and the business there amalgamated with Killick Nixon & Co who continued to act as their agents for more than half a century. When Sir Edward Percy Bates, the 2nd baronet, died unexpectedly in 1899, his son, Sir Edward Bertram Bates (1877-1903), 3rd bt., succeeded to the title and the management of the family business, although he was very reliant on the advice of his uncle, Gilbert Thompson Bates, who had retired shortly before, in 1898. Over the next few years, three more of the 2nd baronet's sons - Percy, Frederic and Denis - joined the business, as they became old enough to do so. In all, the 2nd baronet had seven sons (and no daughters), who seem to have been unusually close, often holidaying together and forming few close friendships outside the kin group.

Sir Edward Bertram Bates went out to India in 1902 to see how the Indian end of the business was run and to have a holiday, but unfortunately he caught enteric fever and died there. He was succeeded as chairman and baronet by his next brother, Sir Percy Elly Bates (1879-1946), 4th bt., who was perhaps more in the mould of his grandfather as an astute and focused businessman. In 1911 the firm bought most of the shares of Brocklebanks, the oldest shipping company in Liverpool, and in 1913 a further merger brought the firm into an association with the Cunard Shipping Co., where Sir Percy had been on the board since 1910. By 1916 Sir Percy was running the Commercial Services branch of the Ministry of Shipping and his two brothers had gone to the war; as there was no one in the office to manage their ships they sold them to Brocklebanks. This was the end of their shipowning activities, but Edward Bates and Sons continued in business as merchants and private bankers. In 1919 Cunard bought a controlling stake in Brocklebanks from the Brocklebank and Bates families, and Sir Percy Bates went on to become deputy chairman of the Cunard Shipping Co in 1922 and chairman from 1930 until his death in 1946. His brothers Frederick (1884-1957) and Denis (1886-1959) succeeded him as chairman of Cunard, which thus remained under the family's control until Denis' death in 1959.

The first Sir Edward Bates (1816-96) had a reputation as a scrupulous but hard-nosed businessman, and when he died he left a fortune of over £800,000 (well over £100m today). In 1856 he bought Gyrn Castle in north Wales as a country retreat, and when he became an MP he also acquired a town house in London and Manydown Park in Hampshire, which lay conveniently between London and his constituency. Despite the close personal relations which are evident in the family over several generations, these properties have rather seldom passed by inheritance since. In 1894 Sir Edward sold Gyrn Castle to his eldest son, Sir Edward Percy Bates (1845-99), whose widow lived there until her death in 1930, although ownership seems to have passed in turn to his sons Sir Edward Bertram Bates (1877-1903), 3rd bt. and Sir Percy Elly Bates (1879-1946), 4th bt., neither of whom lived there. In 1907, at the time of his marriage, Sir Percy bought Hinderton Hall, Neston (Ches.), where he lived until his death, and which his widow retained until 1971. In 1922 Sir Percy sold Gyrn to his younger brother, Frederic Alan Bates (1884-1957), who moved there after his marriage in 1932. 
Wootton House, Wootton St. Lawrence

When he died in 1957 the estate passed to his nephew, Sir Geoffrey Voltelin Bates (1921-2005), 5th bt. It is now - once more as the result of a sale - the property of a daughter of Sir Geoffrey's third wife by a previous marriage. Manydown was leased by Sir Edward Bates' executors to his younger son, Sydney Eggers Bates (1851-1924), who eventually bought the freehold in 1902. After this, Manydown did pass by inheritance until it was demolished in 1965-66, when the family moved to smaller houses on the estate, including Wootton House, which was only recently sold. The Manydown Estate Co. was formed in 1960 to manage the estate, and in the 1980s was involved in important conservation work which had a significant impact on European Union farming policy. However, plans for the urban expansion of Basingstoke led to the sale of the estate to the local authorities in 1996.

Gyrn Castle, Llanasa, Flintshire

The present house was built between 1817 and 1824 for John Douglas, a partner in Douglas, Smalley & Co. of Holywell (Flints), cotton manufacturers, and incorporates elements of the previous, reputedly 17th century, house, of which no visual record seems to be known. 

Gyrn Castle: engraving of the entrance front by J.P. Neale, 1824
Gyrn Castle: engraving of the side and rear of the house by J.P. Neale, 1824, showing the view over the Dee estuary.
The engravings published by J.P. Neale in 1824, which were copied from paintings in the possession of the owner by a Mr. Welshman, show the castle immediately after it had been recast in a pasteboard Gothic style in 1817-24. They suggest that the older part of the house lay at the northern end, and that Douglas both recast the existing buildings with angle-turrets and crenellations, and extended it to the south, where he housed an important collection of pictures in a top-lit gallery some sixty by thirty feet, the large glazed skylight of which is visible in both Neale's views. In front of this he built the charming spindly tower with a staircase turret at one corner which remains the principal accent of the house today. 

Gyrn Castle: the house today. Image: The Douglas Archive.
Gyrn Castle: the picture gallery in the mid 20th century.
Image: RCAHMW/Crown Copyright. Some rights reserved.
Later changes to the fabric include the addition of a second tower at the north-west angle of the house, and the replacement of the original roof of the picture gallery by a more muscular coved ceiling. The latter change was perhaps made by Edward Bates at the same time as he built the castellated gateway to the park and the adjoining octagonal lodge to the designs of Culshaw & Sumners of Liverpool in 1866-68. The interior of the house was perhaps more generally refitted in the early 20th century, as the hall has panelling from Beechenhurst, a Bates family house in Liverpool (where the Culshaw practice was also employed) which was sold at this time. The main reception rooms have a plain and unfussy finish which is also suggestive of the early 20th century rather than the Victorian age.

The grounds were ornamented for John Douglas at the same time as the house was remodelled. There is not really a park, but the wooded valley below the house is filled with a chain of lakes made by damming the Afon-y-garth stream. The steep slope below the house was terraced in the 1890s for the second Lady Bates, and descends through four broad and five narrow terraces, each revetted with dry-stone walling, and planted with holly, araucaria and Scots pines. A rock garden was created in the 1920s at the end of the bank to the north of the ponds, and has rustic stone steps and artificial waterfalls. A summerhouse once stood at the south-west angle of the grounds, but has now disappeared.

Gyrn Castle: plan of the house and landscaped grounds in 1871, from 1st edition 6" Ordnance Survey map.

Descent: Roger Mostyn of Cilcain; given c.1749 to daughter, Charlotte, wife of Rev. Samuel Edwards of Pentre Hall (Montgomerys.); sold 1750 to Thomas Hughes of Halkyn; to son, Robert Hughes (d. 1806); to James Ewer of Holywell; sold 1817 to John Douglas (1770-1839), who rebuilt the house; to son, John Hargreave Douglas (1808-41)... sold 1853 to James Spence; sold 1856 to Sir Edward Bates (1816-96), 1st bt.; sold 1894 to son, Sir Edward Percy Bates (1845-99), 2nd bt.; to son, Sir Edward Bertram Bates (1877-1903), 3rd bt.; to brother, Sir Percy Elly Bates (1879-1946), 4th bt.; sold 1922 to brother, Frederic Alan Bates (1884-1957); to nephew, Sir Geoffrey Voltelin Bates (1921-2005), 5th bt... sold 2012 to his third wife's daughter by a previous marriage, Charlotte (b. 1959), wife of David Howard.

Manydown Park, Wootton St. Lawrence, Hampshire

A complex house built around a courtyard known as Cheyney Court, which developed through several phases from the medieval period to the early 20th century. Although the house was unusually well recorded prior to demolition in 1965 (plans, sections and further images can be found here), it is not now possible to reconstruct its development in detail, though the broad outlines can be given with some confidence.

Manydown Park: Prosser's engraving of 1833 seems to be the earliest visual record of the house.
Apart from a brief interlude during the Civil War and Commonwealth, the estate belonged from the early medieval period until 1863 to the monks of Winchester Cathedral Priory and their successors, the Dean and Chapter. The monks were granted a licence to impark the wood of Wootton St. Lawrence in 1332 and received parties of royal huntsmen in 1361 and 1363. In 1377 the parkland was fenced and the trees within the park were felled in the 1390s to provide timber for William Wykeham’s reconstruction of the Cathedral nave. In 1449, the manor and manor house were leased for the first time to William Wither, whose family had been farming the estate since at least the early 15th century and subsequently held it for over four hundred years. It seems likely that the manor house was rebuilt soon after 1449 to create a suitable home for the Wither family, and that the general form of a house arranged around a courtyard dated from that time. A room on the east side of the courtyard continued to be used for meetings of the manorial court until 1863, and was known as the Court Room. At the time of demolition, it was considered that most of the fabric of the house was late 16th and early 17th century, suggesting a period of reconstruction by John Wither (d. 1620) or William Wither (d. 1653), and two bedrooms had surviving panelling of this period. Later generations probably made few major changes, although a third bedroom was given bolection-moulded panelling in the early 18th century. 

Manydown Park: the house in about 1890, when some of the windows had external shutters.
Image; Historic England.
On the death of the fifth William Wither in 1789 without close heirs, and the estate passed through the female line to his kinsman, the Rev. Lovelace Bigg, who took the additional name Wither. As soon as he gained possession of the property, he refronted it, creating a new seven bay, three-storey south front with a central porch on the ground floor. He also built a large dining room with a new drawing room above it, which projected on the east side of the house, and inserted an elegant new staircase within the existing fabric of the house which provided ready access to the new drawing room. Bigg-Wither's daughters were friends of the novelist, Jane Austen, and his son Harris Bigg-Wither proposed marriage to her at Manydown in 1802. After at first accepting him, she changed her mind overnight, and fled the house the following day. 

Manydown Park: the entrance front in the 20th century
Manydown Park: the late 18th century staircase hall in 1965.
Image: Historic England.

The first visual record of the house seems to be Prosser's engraving of 1833, and it changed little afterwards, apart from the building of a large conservatory at the south-east corner of the house, which was in place by 1890, and the addition of a broad bow of Arts and Crafts character to the billiard room in the west range by Rowland Plumbe in 1903.

By the 1950s, wartime neglect had left the house in poor condition, and the family had little use for such a large house. A sale of the contents was held in 1962 and dismantling began in 1965. On 3 May 1966, sparks from a bonfire set the house alight and although efforts were made to halt the spread of the blaze to other buildings, the fire in the house seems to have been allowed to burn itself out. The stables, coach house and outbuildings were not affected by the fire and were retained and integrated into farming operations. In the early 1970s the estate was broken up and Tangier House and other parts of the estate sold. In 1996 the family agreed to sell much of the estate to the borough and county councils with a view to the future expansion of the Basingstoke new town, while leasing the land back until it was needed. Plans for the development are now (2021) at an advanced stage.

Descent: the leasehold was held from Winchester Cathedral Priory and its successors by Thomas Wither (d. 1506); to son, John Wither (d. 1536); Richard Wither (d. 1577); John Wither (d. 1620); William Wither I (d. 1653); William Wither II (d. 1671); William Wither III (d. 1679); William Wither IV (d. 1733); William Wither V (d. 1789); to kinsman, Rev. Lovelace Bigg-Wither (d. 1813); to son, Harris Bigg-Wither (d. 1833); to son, Lovelace Bigg-Wither, who acquired the freehold in 1863; sold 1871 to Sir Edward Bates (1816-96), 1st bt.; to son, Sydney Eggers Bates (1851-1924); to son, Arthur Sydney Bates (1879-1958); to daughter Anne Mary (1915-2006), wife of Lt-Col. John Oliver-Bellasis (1904-79); transferred 1960 to Manydown Estate Co., which demolished the house in 1965-66.

Hinderton Hall, Neston, Cheshire

Hinderton Hall: entrance front.
Image: Historic England.

One of the earliest significant works of Alfred Waterhouse, built in 1856 for Christopher Bushell, a Liverpool wine merchant. It is a High Victorian Gothic design, built in rock-faced red sandstone with a steeply pitched roof of patterned slate and tall gables. The plan is conventional, with a roughly square main block and lower service range, and a tower at one end of the entrance front. The elevations are irregular, without any lingering tendency to the picturesque but handled without much confidence. The thin tower in particular, with proportions more appropriate to an Italianate villa, seems rather hesitant and uncertain. There are, however, a few hints of the architect's later manner in the gables of the entrance front, the timber canopy over the doorway, and the oriel rising out of a buttress on the end elevation. There were alterations, presumably by Waterhouse, in 1868 and 1875, and further additions for Sir Percy Bates in the 20th century. In the 1970s the house became offices, but it was returned to domestic use in the 1980s, when the so-called 'Chapter House' was built in the grounds, reusing bricks and stonework from a demolished church in Ellesmere Port. More recently the outbuildings have been turned into separate dwellings, while the main house remains a single residence.

Hinderton Hall: garden front in 2017.

Hinderton Hall: drawing room in 2017.
Inside the house, the entrance hall has a stone fireplace with Tudor-style arched opening and a crenellated cresting. The drawing room has a marble mantelpiece on consoles and fern pilasters; plaster panelled walls with niches flanking the window opening, and a ceiling divided into three by moulded plaster beams and patterned ribs. The galleried staircase hall has an open well staircase with carved newels and handrails and a metalwork balustrade. 

Descent: built for Christopher Bushell (d. 1887); to widow, Margaret Smith Bushell (d. 1907); sold 1906 to Sir Alfred L. Jones; sold 1907 to Sir Percy Elly Bates (1879-1946), 4th bt.; to widow, Mary Anne, Lady Bates (1880-1973); sold 1972... sold 1980s to Rees family... sold 2004... sold 2017.

Bates family of Gyrn Castle, Manydown Park and Hinderton Hall, baronets

Sir Edward Bates, 1st bt. 
Bates, Sir Edward (1816-96), 1st bt.
Fourth son of Joseph Bates (1769-1846) of Spring Hall, Skircoat (Yorks WR), clothdresser and woollen merchant, and his wife Rebecca, daughter of Joseph Walker of Ardsley (Yorks WR), born 17 March 1816. He went to India in 1833 where his brother Joseph was a partner in Bates & Elliott of Calcutta, a merchant house importing his father's cloth to India and exporting leather and other goods to England, but proved 'violent, headstrong and quarrelsome'. His conduct continued to cause concern at least until his marriage in 1836. After returning to England in 1838, he moved in 1840 to Bombay, where he opened a similar merchant house to Bates & Elliott. Over the next few years he shuttled back and forth between Liverpool and Bombay, until in 
1848 he left his Indian business in charge of an agent, returned to England and formed Edward Bates & Co. in Liverpool. With this move he for the first time added shipping to the mercantile business. He began a regular service to Bombay with chartered vessels, and in 1850 he started building up a fleet of sailing ships. Trading was soon extended to include first Calcutta and then the Far East and, when the gold rush began, passenger ships sailed direct to Australia and returned via India or South America. He made a fortune by importing Indian cotton at a time when American supplies were disrupted by the American Civil War (1861-65), and he took on highly lucrative Government supply contracts at the time of the Abyssinian war (1867). He was regarded as a hard businessman and respected but not much liked by other Liverpool shipowners, who referred to him as 'Bully' Bates. After his sons grew up, he increasingly retired from business to concentrate on his political career. In 1870 the firm was renamed Edward Bates and Sons, and the eldest of his four sons, took over the management of the Liverpool office. Sir Edward went to live in Hampshire and was Conservative MP for Plymouth, 1871-80, 1885-92, being created a baronet, 13 May 1880 after being ejected from the Commons for an election expenses offence for which an over-enthusiastic agent was probably responsible. He was also JP and DL for Lancashire and Hampshire. He married 1st, 14 July 1836 at Fort William, Bengal (India), Charlotte Elizabeth (1812-43), eldest daughter of Cornelius Umfraville-Smith; and 2nd, 25 June 1844 at Holy Trinity, Hull (Yorks ER), Ellen (1821-1905), daughter of Thomas Thompson of Hessle (Yorks ER), banker, and had issue:
(1.1) Rebecca Amelia Bates (1837-56), born 16 October and was baptised at Calcutta, 12 November 1837; educated at Cotescue Park, Coverham (Yorks NR); died unmarried, 19 November 1856 and was buried at St John, Knotty Ash, Liverpool;
(1.2) Gertrude Elizabeth Bates (1839-1919), born 4 March and baptised at St Andrew Hubbard, London, 16 April 1839; educated at Cotescue Park, Coverham (Yorks NR); married, 16 May 1860 at West Derby (Lancs), Thomas Priestley Bilbrough (1831-1909) of West Derby, wool broker and later manager of an insurance company, son of James Bilbrough of Gildersome (Yorks), merchant, and had issue two sons and one daughter, but she was separated from her husband at some point between 1871 and 1881; from 1899 she lived at Wonsan (Korea) with her son Charles, who seems to have set up in business as a merchant after they settled there (according to the diary of the Korean provincial governor, Yun Chi-ho, he may have been smuggling arms); she kept aloof from both the small Western community and their Korean, Japanese and Chinese neighbours; about 1918 she moved to Hong Kong, where she died 11 March 1919 and was buried in Happy Valley Cemetery; will proved 24 July 1919 (effects £1,249);
(1.3) Alice Helena Bates (1840-41), born in Bombay, 7 September 1840; died in infancy at Bycullah (India), 1 August 1841;
(2.1) Sir Edward Percy Bates (1845-99), 2nd bt. (q.v.);
(2.2) Gilbert Thompson Bates (1847-1917), born in Bombay, 22 April and baptised at Colalah (India), 10 June 1847; partner in Edward Bates & Sons, 1870-98, but he remained an important source of advice to his nephews after his brother the 2nd baronet died the following year; lived at Maryton Grange, Allerton, Liverpool (Lancs) and later at Whitfield House, Allensmore (Herefs) and Mells Park (Som.), which he rented from 1908-17; he also had a shooting lodge at Muirshiel, Lochwinnoch (Renfrews.)JP for Renfrewshire; married, 13 July 1876 at All Saints, Childwall, Liverpool, Charlotte Thaxter (k/a Lotty) (1854-1936), daughter of George Warren of Woolton, Liverpool, and had issue one son and one daughter; died 30 March 1917 and was buried at Mells (Som.), where he is commemorated by a monument; will proved 14 August 1917 (estate £550,973);
(2.3) Anne Millicent Bates (1849-1946), born 28 March 1849; married, 26 November 1874 at Wootton St. Lawrence, Donald Ninian Nicol (1843-1903) of Ardmarnock (Argylls.), MP for Argyllshire, 1895-1903, and had issue one son and one daughter; as a widow occupied 14 Cavendish Square, London; died aged 96 on 7 March 1946; will proved 15 May 1946 (estate £739);
(2.4) Sydney Eggers Bates (1851-1924) (q.v.);
(2.5) Mabel Stenhouse Bates (1853-1931), born Jan-Mar 1853; married, 20 February 1873 at Wootton St. Lawrence, Frederick Bellairs Thompson (1843-82) of Bellefield, West Derby, Liverpool, and had issue four sons; as a widow, lived at Turvey House (Beds.); died suddenly, 25 April 1931; will proved 9 June 1931 (estate £38,232);
(2.6) Norah Greame Bates (1854-1939), born Oct-Dec 1854; married, 9 December 1880, Stanes Brocket Henry Chamberlayne (1843-1931), barrister-at-law, of Witherley Hall, (Leics), youngest son of Henry Thomas Chamberlayne of Stoney Thorpe (Warks), and had issue one son and three daughters; died 20 December 1939; will proved 6 February 1940 (estate £19,938);
(2.7) Wilfred Imrie Bates (1856-86), born 6 October and baptised at West Derby, 12 November 1856; married, Apr-June 1884, Eleanor Fleming (b. c.1861) (who m2, 25 September 1889 at Llangollen (Denbighs), John Hungerford Davies, solicitor, of Liverpool), but had no issue; died in a riding accident in Manydown Park, 13 May 1886, and was buried at Wootton St. Lawrence; administration of his goods granted 21 June 1886 (estate £39,867);
(2.8) Bertram Rigby Bates (1863-71), born 2 August and baptised at West Derby, 14 September 1863; died young, 25 January 1871.
He lived at Beechenhurst, Wavertree, Liverpool. He purchased Gyrn Castle in 1856 and Manydown Park in 1871. He sold Gyrn Castle to his eldest son in 1894. He also had a London residence at 14 Cavendish Square, which was left to his widow for life.
He died at his house in London, 17 October 1896, and was buried at Wootton St. Lawrence; his will was proved 26 November 1896 (effects £817,059). His first wife died at sea in February 1843 while returning from India to England. His widow died 20 April 1905 and was buried at Wootton St. Lawrence; her will was proved 7 June 1905 (estate £14,278).

Sir Edward Percy Bates, 2nd bt. 
Bates, Sir Edward Percy (1845-99), 2nd bt.
Eldest son of Sir Edward Bates (1816-96), 1st bt., and his second wife, Ellen, daughter of Thomas Thompson of Hessle (Yorks ER), born 17 August 1845. He became a partner in the firm of Edward Bates & Sons in 1870 and later succeeded his father as chairman. He succeeded his father as 2nd baronet, 17 October 1896. JP and DL for Flintshire. High Sheriff of Flintshire, 1899. In 1898 he rescued a girl who fell through the ice while skating on a pond near his home, and was awarded the silver medal of the Liverpool Shipwreck and Humane Society for his action, but it was said to have contributed to his death a year later. He married, 20 April 1876, Constance Elizabeth (1856-1930), an accomplished amateur artist, second daughter of Samuel Robert Graves, MP for Liverpool, and had issue:
(1) Sir Edward Bertram Bates (1877-1903), 3rd bt. (q.v.);
(2) Sir Percy Elly Bates (1879-1946), 4th bt. (q.v.);
(3) Cecil Robert Bates (1882-1935) (q.v.);
(4) Frederic Alan Bates (1884-1957) (q.v.);
(5) Col. Denis Haughton Bates (1886-1959), born 25 August 1886; educated at Winchester; joined Edward Bates & Sons about 1905 and became a partner from 1908; visited India in 1911-12; an officer in the Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry (2nd Lt., 1908; Lt., 1912; Capt. 1917; Maj., 1921; Lt-Col. 1930; Br-Col., 1934; retired 1934), who served in First World War, 1914-19 (mentioned in despatches); eventually senior partner of Edward Bates & Sons; Chairman of Cunard Steam Ship Co. and Cunard White Star, 1953-59; bought Chorlton Hall, Malpas (Ches.) in 1924 (sold by his widow in 1972); married, 12 December 1922, Aline Mary MA (1893-1974), second daughter of Edward Tipping Crook of Woodlands Hall, Bridgnorth (Shrops.), and had issue one son and one daughter; died 13 September 1959; will proved 26 October 1959 (estate £131,471);
(6) Lt-Col. Austin Graves Bates (1891-1961), born 19 August 1891; educated at Clifton College and Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; an officer in the Royal Artillery (2nd Lt., 1911; Lt., 1914; Capt., 1916; Maj., 1929; Lt-Col.; retired 1930) and was wounded, mentioned in despatches three times and awarded the DSO, 1918, MC, 1916 and bar, 1918; also served in the Second World War, 1939-45; from 1930-39 he assisted his brother Denis in running Brocklebanks, and after the Second World War he was on the board of Cunards; married, 15 December 1920, Jean Christian Margeurite (d. 1982), daughter of Col. James Hunter of Anton's Hill (Berwicks.) and had issue two sons; died 11 September 1961; will proved 4 October 1961 (estate £107,028);
(7) Maurice Halifax Bates (1898-1925), born 9 August 1898; educated at Clifton College and Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; an officer in the Royal Artillery (2nd Lt., 1916; Lt., 1918); married, 21 March 1922 at Lucknow (India), Mary Frances (c.1902-69) (who m2, 24 October 1927, Brig. Ralph Emerson Pickering CBE (1898-1962), and had further issue one daughter), eldest daughter of Sir Edward Arthur Henry Blunt, kt., and had issue one daughter, born after his death; died as the result of a hunting accident, 23 September 1925; buried at Great Oxendon; will proved 17 March 1926 (estate £95,760).
He lived at Beechenhurst, Wavertree, Liverpool, and purchased Gyrn Castle from his father in 1894 as a country retreat; his widow occupied it until her death although she was not the owner.
He died 31 December 1899; his will was proved 15 March 1900 (estate £520,030). His widow died 18 April 1930; her will was proved 13 August 1930 (estate £69,565).

Bates, Sir Edward Bertram (1877-1903), 3rd bt. Eldest son of Sir Edward Percy Bates (1845-99), 2nd bt., and his wife Constance Elizabeth, second daughter of Samuel Robert Graves MP,  born 7 March 1877. He became a partner in Edward Bates & Sons after his father's death in 1899. At the end of 1902 he went out to India to visit the firm's Bombay office and see something of India, but he caught enteric fever and died there. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited Gyrn Castle from his father in 1899 but lived at Beechenhurst, Wavertree, Liverpool.
He died at Agra (India), 6 March 1903; his will was proved 6 May 1903 (£81,124).

Sir Percy Elly Bates, 4th bt.
Image: National Portrait Gallery 
Bates, Sir Percy Elly (1879-1946) GBE, 4th bt. 
son of Sir Edward Percy Bates (1845-99), 2nd bt., and his wife Constance Elizabeth, second daughter of Samuel Robert Graves MP,  born 12 May 1879. Educated at Winchester, and then after a year in Germany, was apprenticed to William Johnston & Co. of Liverpool, shipowners. He joined the family firm of Edward Bates & Sons after his father's death in 1899 and took over as Chairman when he succeeded his elder brother as 4th baronet, 6 March 1903. In 1911 the firm bought most of the shares of Brocklebanks, the oldest shipping company in Liverpool, although it retained a separate corporate identity for another 70 years; in 1913 there was a further merger between Brocklebanks and the Anchor Line, which consolidated both companies trade with Calcutta, and brought the firm into an association with Cunard Steam Ship Co., of which he had been a director since 1910. During the First World War he joined the Transport Dept. of the Admiralty, and was later Director of Commercial Services at the Ministry of Shipping, service for which he was appointed GBE, 1920; in the Second World War he served on the Advisory and Liner Committees of the Ministry of War Transport. In 1922 he became Deputy Chairman of Cunard, and he was Chairman, 1930-46. He achieved a merger with the White Star Line in 1931, and he secured Government financial support to build two large transatlantic liners, the iconic Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth, which entered service in 1936 and 1946 respectively (although both were used as troop ships during the Second World War). Between the wars he was also a director of The Morning Post from 1924 (Chairman, 1930-37), the Midland Bank Ltd. and the Great Western Railway. He was awarded the Freedom of the City of London, 1935; made an honorary Captain in the Royal Naval Reserve, 1935, and an officer of the Legion of Honour of the Crown of Italy.  He was a member of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board , 1908-10; chairman of the Liverpool Steamship Owners' Association, 1911, 1945; president of the Institute of Marine Engineers, 1939, and chairman of the General Council of British Shipping, 1945. He was a JP for Cheshire and High Sheriff of Cheshire, 1920-21. He was a friend of Rudyard Kipling (a fellow director of the Morning Post), and also an occasional participant in meetings of 'The Inklings', an informal literary discussion group around J.R.R. Tolkein, which met in Oxford from the early 1930s until 1949. He was terse and forthright in speech, open to the views of others but decisive in judgement; scrupulous in the exercise of power, and considerate and sensitive in personal relationships. He took pleasure in golf and shooting and was enthusiastic about curling and fishing, and took annual fishing holidays in Ireland, Scotland or Scandinavia with his brothers. He married, 20 June 1907, Mary Ann (k/a Pussie) (1880-1973), younger daughter of Very Rev. Dr. William Lefroy, Dean of Norwich, whose wife was a daughter of Charles MacIver, founder of the Cunard Line, and they had issue:
(1) Edward Percy Bates (1913-45), born 15 October 1913; educated at Winchester and Trinity College, Cambridge; served in Second World War as a pilot officer in the Royal Air Force and was killed in action, 1 January 1945, in the lifetime of his father.
He inherited Gyrn Castle after the death of his elder brother in 1903, but it was occupied by his mother. He sold it in about 1922 to his younger brother Frederick. He lived from 1907 at Hinderton Hall, Neston (Cheshire), which was occupied by his widow until she moved into residential care; it was sold in 1972.
He had a heart attack in his office, on the eve of the maiden voyage of the Queen Elizabeth, 14 October 1946, and died at Hinderton Hall two days later, when his baronetcy passed to his nephew, Sir Geoffrey Voltelin Bates (1921-2005), 5th bt.; he was buried at Childwall, Liverpool, and his will was proved 4 February 1947 (estate £486,085). His widow died aged 93 on 30 July 1973; her will was proved 24 September 1973 (estate £36,760).

Frederic Alan Bates (1884-1957) 
Bates, Frederic Alan (1884-1957).
son of Sir Edward Percy Bates (1845-99), 2nd bt., and his wife Constance Elizabeth, second daughter of Samuel Robert Graves MP,  born 16 August and baptised at St Andrew, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, 25 September 1884. Educated at Winchester and Trinity College, Cambridge. He joined Edward Bates & Sons in about 1905 and went to India in 1907-08. In 1910-12 he was much involved in the negotiations with the Brocklebank family for the acquisition of a stake in their firm, but he was away on war service as an officer in the Denbighshire Yeomanry (Capt.) and the Royal Air Force (Maj.) during the First World War (and was mentioned in despatches four times and awarded the Military Cross, 1918 and Air Force Cross, 1919). On his return to the firm in 1919 he assisted Sir Percy Bates with the merger of Brocklebanks into Cunard, of which he became a director from 1921 (and Chairman, 1946-53). He was also a director of Martin's Bank (Chairman, 1938-46),  the Royal Insurance Co. (Deputy Chairman) and the Liverpool, London and Globe Insurance Co. DL for Flintshire and High Sheriff of Denbighshire, 1935. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts from 1951. Author of Graves Memoirs of the Civil War (1927) and Dingle Stalk (posthumous, 1960). He married, 5 July 1932 at St. Asaph Cathedral (Flints), Elizabeth Barberie (1903-69), daughter of Thomas Fair of Clifton Hall, Preston (Lancs), land agent, but had no issue.
He bought Gyrn Castle from his brother Percy in about 1922, although his mother continued to live there until her death. He moved to Gyrn after his marriage.
He died in London, 24 June 1957; his will was proved 2 September 1957 (estate £63,330). His widow died 30 June 1969; her will was proved 6 August 1969 (estate £408,637).

Cecil Robert Bates (1882-1935) 
Bates, Cecil Robert (1882-1935).
son of Sir Edward Percy Bates (1845-99), 2nd bt., and his wife Constance Elizabeth, second daughter of Samuel Robert Graves MP,  born 3 February 1882. Educated at Winchester and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. An officer in the army (2nd Lt., 1900; Lt., 1901; Capt., 1908; retired 1913 but returned to the colours, 1914; Maj. 1915; retired 1919), and was wounded, thrice mentioned in despatches and awarded the DSO, 1918 and the MC, 1916. He married, 27 June 1918 at St. Saviour, Upper Chelsea (Middx), Hylda Madeleine (1882-1960), daughter of Sir James Heath, 1st bt. and widow of Capt. George Millais James, and had issue:
(1) Audrey Cecil Bates (1919-94), born 15 July 1919; married, 28 March 1942 (div. 1956), Maj. the Hon. Thomas Heron Hazelrigg (1914-98) (who m2, 31 January 1957 (div. 1974), Doussa, daughter of Fahmy Bey Wissa, Minister of Civil Defence in Egypt, and formerly wife of Maj. Harold Stanley Cayzer (1910-99); and m3, 1979, Anne Frances Roden (1920-2007), daughter of Capt. Roden Henry Victor Buxton of Smallburgh Hall (Norfk) and formerly wife of Dr. Hans Henry Winterstein Gillespie (1910-94)), second son of Arthur Grey Hazelrigg, 1st Baron Hazlerigg, and had issue two sons; lived latterly at Langham (Rutland); killed in a car crash, 7 January 1994; will proved 16 March 1994 (estate £251,121);
(2) Sir Geoffrey Voltelin Bates (1921-2005), 5th bt. (q.v.).
He lived at Oxenden Hall, Great Oxenden (Northants).
He died of heart failure while salmon fishing in the River Dee, 5 March 1935; his will was proved 1 May 1935 (estate £133,245). His widow died 29 December 1960; will proved 31 January 1961 (estate £10,803).

Sir Geoffrey Bates
(1921-2005), 5th bt. 
Bates, Sir Geoffrey Voltelin (1921-2005), 5th bt.
Only son of Cecil Robert Bates (1882-1935) and his wife Hylda Madeleine, daughter of Sir James Heath, 1st bt. and widow of Capt. George Millais James, born 2 October 1921. Educated at Radley College. He served in the Second World War as an officer in the army (2nd Lt., 1941; Lt., 1942), and was awarded the MC, 1942; from 1944-46 he was ADC to Lt-Gen. Sir Neil Ritchie. After the war he joined the Cheshire Yeomanry (Lt., 1950; Capt., 1953; Maj., 1956). He succeeded his uncle as 5th bt., 16 October 1946. A partner in the family firm of Edward Bates & Sons, 1945-66, and also a director of other companies, including the Globe Insurance Co. He was also a Lloyds name, and suffered a financial disaster with the crash of Lloyds syndicates in 1988-92. After the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine cured him of malaria, which he contracted on a business trip to Nigeria, he became chairman of its board, and for fun he bought the Tudor Cafe in Rhyl. 
He was High Sheriff of Flintshire, 1969-70. A keen hunting man, he served as treasurer and secretary to the Flintshire and Denbighshire Hunt, 1969-92, and was also President of the Denbighshire and Flintshire Agricultural Society. He married 1st, 12 July 1945, Kitty (d. 1956), daughter of Ernest Kemball-Lane of Saskatchewan (Canada); 2nd, 31 July 1957 at Bardwell (Suffk), the Hon. Olivia Gwyneth Zoe Fitzroy (1921-69), children's author, daughter of Robert Oliver Fitzroy, 2nd Viscount Daventry; and 3rd, Jan-Mar 1971, (Juliet Eleanor) Hugolyn Whitelocke-Winter (1929-2003), daughter of Cdr. G. Whitelocke RN of Corrigllingdion Hall, Denbigh, and widow of Edward Colin Winter (1934-65), and had issue:
(1.1) Sir Edward Robert Bates (1946-2007), 6th bt. (q.v.);
(1.2) Richard Geoffrey Bates  (1948-2002), born 13 March 1948; lived on Bowen Island, British Columbia (Canada); married, 1971, Diana Margaret Rankin (1945-90) and had issue one son (now Sir James Geoffrey Bates (b. 1985), 7th bt.) and two daughters; died in Canada, 3 August 2002;
(2.1) Celine Zoe Bates (b. 1958), born 7 October 1958; married, Apr-Jun 1992, Timothy M. Radcliffe, only son of R.J. Radcliffe of Bodedern (Anglesey), and had issue one daughter;
(2.2) Sarah Rose Bates (1960-77), born 4 January 1960; died as a result of a road accident, 6 March 1977.
He lived at Flint Hill Park, Winwick (Northants) in the 1940s and then at Mollington (Ches.) before he inherited Gyrn Castle from his uncle Frederick Alan Bates in 1957.
He died 13 February 2005; his will was proved 28 November 2005. His first wife died suddenly after a minor operation, 2 June 1956. His second wife died of cancer, 24 December 1969. His third wife died 21 April 2003.

Bates, Sir Edward Robert (1946-2007), 6th bt. Elder son of Sir Geoffrey Voltelin Bates (1921-2005), 5th bt., and his first wife, Kitty, daughter of Ernest Kemball-Lane of Saskatchewan (Canada), born 4 July 1946. Educated at Gordonstoun and Grenoble University (France). Director of North-West Names Ltd, insurance brokers. He succeeded his father as 6th baronet, 13 February 2005. He was unmarried and without issue.
He lived at Gwynllys (Denbighs.)
He died 25 March, and was buried at Llanasa, 30 March 2007; his will was proved 29 July 2008.

Sydney Eggers Bates (1851-1924) 
Bates, Sydney Eggers (1851-1924).
son of Sir Edward Bates (1816-96), 1st bt., and his second wife, Ellen, daughter of Thomas Thompson of Hessle (Yorks ER), born 28 April 1851. Educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (matriculated 1870; BA 1874; MA 1877). He was a partner and shareholder in Edward Bates & Sons, shipowners, 1877-1919, but was not actively engaged in the running of the firm; he had mercantile interests in London, where he was a director of the London & St Katherine's Dock Co. Ltd (deputy chairman, 1899). He was admitted a freeman of the City of London, 1899, and was a liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors in London (Warden, 1910, 1912, 1921 and Master, 1916) and the Carpenters Company. He was a member of the Thames Conservancy Board, 1894-97, 1907-08; and JP for London and Hampshire (from 1904). He built a new chapel at East Oakley (Hants) on the Manydown estate, consecrated in 1914. He married, 9 July 1878 at St John, Paddington (Middx), Elizabeth Jessie (1855-1940), third daughter of Col. George Grenville Malet, and had issue:
(1) Arthur Sydney Bates (1879-1958) (q.v.).
(2) Norah Ellen Bates (1881-1922), baptised at St James, Paddington, 31 May 1881; died unmarried, 28 November 1922;
(3) Edith Mary Bates (1885-1978), born 11 August and baptised at St James, Paddington, 7 September 1885; married, 27 September 1923, William Lamb (c.1874-1936) of Lincomb Hall, Stourport-on-Severn (Worcs), son of Rev. William Lamb of Ednam (Scotland), but had no issue; died aged 93 on 13 November 1978 and was buried at Hartlebury (Worcs); will proved 7 March 1979 (estate £43,121);
(4) A son (b. & d. 1888), born 30 April 1888; died in infancy;
(5) Evelyn Jessie Bates (b. & d. 1889), born 28 December 1889 and baptised at St James, Paddington on the same day; died in infancy;
(6) Dorothy Eileen Bates (1892-1982), born 19 May and baptised at St James, Paddington, 18 June 1892; married, 18 May 1948, as his second wife, Thomas More MBE (1885-1948) of The Grey House, Chadlington (Oxon), civil servant, son of Francis More of Edinburgh, chartered accountant; died aged 90 on 18 June 1982; will proved 3 September 1982 (estate £404,651).
He rented Manydown Park from his father's estate until he purchased the estate for £100,000 in 1902. He also had a London house at 29 Hyde Park Square and divided his time between the two. His widow lived latterly at The Grey House, Chadlington (Oxon).
He died 3 March 1924; his will was proved 27 May and 17 October 1924 (estate £814,798). His widow died 13 October 1940; her will was proved 15 January 1941 (estate £14,262).

Arthur Sydney Bates (1879-1958) 
Bates, Arthur Sydney (1879-1958).
Only son of Sydney Eggers Bates (1851-1924) and his wife Elizabeth Jessie, third daughter of Col. George Grenville Malet, born 18 June and baptised at St James, Paddington, 17 July 1879.  Shipowner; partner in P. Wigham-Richardson & Co. from 1905. He was an officer in the 1st London Rifle Brigade (2nd Lt., 1900; Lt., 1901; Capt. 1905; Maj. 1915; Lt-Col., 1917; retired 1919) who served in the First World War and was mentioned in despatches four times and awarded the DSO, 1915, and the Croix de Guerre, 1918. He was an expert shot, who took part in international shooting competitions before the war and captained the British Empire Shooting Team in 1919. JP for Hampshire and a Liveryman of the Merchant Taylors Company. He was a Fellow of the Royal Philatelic Society, and in the 1930s and 1940s he was a prolific amateur film-maker, whose home movies are now in the Wessex Film & Sound Archive. He married, 26 April 1905 at Pirbright (Surrey), Mary da Costa OStJ (1877-1962), eldest daughter of Lt-Col. Charles Robert Crosse CMG MVO, and had issue:
(1) Anne Mary Bates (1915-2006) (q.v.).
He inherited Manydown Park from his father in 1924. 
He died 7 May 1958; his will was proved 7 July 1958 (estate £97,801). His widow died 18 January 1962; her will was proved 5 March 1962 (estate £18,415).

Bates, Anne Mary (1915-2006). Only child of Arthur Sydney Bates (1879-1958) and his wife Mary da Costa, eldest daughter of Lt-Col. Charles Robert Crosse CMG MVO, born 24 March 1915. She married, 29 July 1939, Lt-Col. John Oliver-Bellasis DSO (1904-79), younger son of Capt. Richard John Erskine Oliver-Bellasis of Shilton House, Coventry (Warks) and had issue:
(1) Charles Arthur John Oliver-Bellasis (b. 1940) of The Old Rectory, Boxford (Berks), born 1 October 1940; educated at Winchester and Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester; chartered surveyor (FRICS, 1975) and land agent; married, Apr-Jun 1972, Julia Elizabeth (b. 1945), daughter of Lt-Cdr. John Errol Manners DSC, RN, of Laurel House, Great Cheverell (Wilts) and had issue two sons and one daughter; now living;
(2) Maj. Hugh Richard Oliver-Bellasis (b. 1945) of Wootton House, Wootton St. Lawrence (Hants), born 11 April 1945; educated at Winchester and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; an officer in the army (2nd Lt., 1964; Lt., 1966; Capt., 1970; retired as Maj., 1977); a freeman of the city of London, 1967 and liveryman of the Merchant Taylors and Gunmakers Companies; Fellow of the Royal Agricultural Society; Vice-Chairman of Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust; married, 7 August 1971, Daphne Phoebe (b. 1951), younger daughter of Arthur Christopher Parsons of Hatchwood House, Odiham (Hants), and had issue two daughters; now living.
After the demolition of Manydown Park she lived at Beech House, Wootton St. Lawrence (Hants). In 1960 she established the Manydown Co. Ltd with her sons to manage the estate, which it continues to do, although no members of the family are now on the board.
She died aged 91 on 23 May 2006; her will was proved 10 November 2006. Her husband died 6 October 1979; his will was proved 15 January 1980 (estate £131,168).

Principal sources

Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 2003, pp. 286-87; G.F. Prosser, Select illustrations of Hampshire..., 1833, unpag.; E. Hubbard, The buildings of Wales: Clwyd, 1986, pp. 383-84; P.E. Bates, Bates of Bellefield, Gyrn Castle and Manydown, 1994; ODNB entry on Sir Percy Elly Bates, 4th bt.;;

Location of archives

Bates of Gyrn Castle: deeds and estate papers, 1717-1939 [North East Wales Archives: Flintshire Record Office D/GY, D/KK] 
Bates of Manydown Park: deeds, family and estate records, 16th-20th cents. [Hampshire Archives 21M58]
Edward Bates & Sons Ltd: business records, 19th-20th cents. [Liverpool University, Special Collections & Archives D641/5]; daily letters, 1878-1902; records of ships; business records [National Maritime Museum, Manuscripts Section, BAT]

Coat of arms

Argent, on a fess azure a quatrefoil between two fleurs-de-lys of the field, in chief two quatrefoils and in base a fleur-de-lys, both azure.

Can you help?

  • Does anyone know of a view of Manydown Park earlier than Prosser's engraving of 1833, and more particularly a view of it before the refronting of c.1790?
  • I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated. 
  • Any additions or corrections to the text above will be gratefully received and incorporated. I am always particularly pleased to hear from descendants of the family who can supply information from their own research for inclusion.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 20 February 2021.

Thursday, 11 February 2021

(446) Jones, later Jones-Bateman, of Pentre Mawr

Jones-Bateman of Pentre Mawr 
This family claimed descent from Cynfyn ap Gwerstan, prince of Powys, through a younger branch of the Joneses of Trewythen (Montgomerys), but their more certain genealogy begins with the Rev. William Jones (d. 1725?), who was vicar of Llanferres (Denbighshire) at the beginning of the 18th century. He had three sons, Hugh, John and Rowland, with whom the genealogy below begins, and three daughters. His sister Judith married Humphrey Williams of Pentre Mawr, Abergele (Denbigshire), and inherited that estate from him as they had no surviving children. When she died in 1724 she left it to William's son, the Rev. Hugh Jones (1697-1764), who also succeeded his father as rector of Llanferres the following year. Hugh, who later became vicar of Gresford (Denbighshire) and a canon of St. Asaph Cathedral, appears to have died unmarried, and his property passed to his younger brother, John Jones (1703-78) of Wrexham (Denbighshire). John, and almost certainly Hugh too, had their portraits painted by Richard Wilson in the 1730s, when the artist was just beginning his independent practice as an artist and spent some time at Llanferres, staying with relations at Colomendy Hall. Their patronage seems to have helped the artist become established, and it is possible that the portrait of 'Rowland Jones, an old bard, aged 90' at Chirk Castle was also of a relation.

John Jones died in 1778 and left Pentre Mawr to his nephew, Rowland Jones (1737-1812), who was a saddler in Chester, but also a member of the city corporation who served as Mayor in 1797-98. Rowland's only son, John Jones (1784-1849) was evidently articled to a solicitor in London, and having completed his training, attended Lincoln's Inn for a time, although he does not seem to have been called to the bar. He eventually became the senior partner in the solicitor's practice of Jones, Bateman, Bennett and Field, who occupied chambers in Lincoln's Inn Fields and acted for clients including the Earl of Thanet. He married, in 1824, Marianne Burleton (1799-1874), who has some reputation as an amateur artist, and over the next seven years they had three sons and three daughters, all of whom survived to adulthood. In about 1830, he rebuilt or remodelled the house at Pentre Mawr as a small neo-Tudor mansion, which the family used as a holiday home. In 1834, for reasons which are unclear but which must be connected with his legal practice, John sought royal licence to add the name Bateman to his patronymic, and he and his descendants were subsequently known as Jones-Bateman.

In 1849, the even tenor of the family's life was disrupted by an annus horribilis, which began in January with a fire at the chambers of the legal practice at 2 New Square, Lincoln's Inn Fields.
The Lincoln's Inn Fire of 1849, from the Illustrated London News, 20 January 1849

This blaze, which is said to have been the biggest fire in London for more than a decade, affected several legal gentlemen with chambers in the building and destroyed many documents which had been entrusted to their care, although Jones, Bateman & Bennett had fortunately invested in nine fireproof safes which preserved some of the most important. This upsetting and no doubt disruptive event was followed by - and indeed may have precipitated - the death of John Jones-Bateman himself on 14 July. Little over a month later, on 18 August, John's youngest son, Philip, aged 21, was drowned while swimming off the beach at Abergele. John left Pentre Mawr to his wife for life, but on 11 May 1850 that house also was burned down. One could not blame Marianne Jones-Bateman if she had felt persecuted by Fate after so many cruel blows in such a short time.

Pentre Mawr was rebuilt by 1853, and the remaining five children carried on with their lives. One bright spot in the annus horribilis was the ordaining of the eldest son, Rev. John Burleton Jones-Bateman (1825-1910) and his appointment as rector of Sheldon (Warks), a village near Birmingham, where he was to be the incumbent for sixty-one years, living at first at Olton Hall and later in the rectory.
Sheldon rectory

In 1852, Burleton (he seems to have dropped the John after his marriage) married Mary Jennens, the daughter of a local manufacturer, and they had ten children in the next fourteen years. Apart from one child who died young, the eight sons all had interesting lives, becoming in order of seniority a judge in India, Archdeacon of Zanzibar, a surgeon in Birmingham, a chaplain in the Mediterranean resorts favoured by English tourists, an international standard chess player, the Archdeacon of Southern Mexico... and a serial bigamist. The youngest son's inglorious career is an interesting illustration of how easy it was to lead a double, or even a triple, life in a world of poor communications and manual records, despite being possessed of the distinctive name 'Hastings Jones-Bateman', which he never troubled to change - although he did sometimes add Thomas as a first or second forename. In 1904 he twice found himself in court on charges of bigamy, although he got off on a technicality on both occasions. I have found no evidence that his first wife ever divorced him after the bigamy trial, although it seems likely that she would have done; if not, his fourth, fifth and sixth marriages would also have been bigamous!

Pentre Mawr descended to Rev. Burleton Jones-Bateman on his mother's death in 1874, and continued to be used chiefly as a holiday residence by the family. Burleton's eldest son, Herbert Burleton Jones-Bateman (1853-1918) retired from his career as a judge in India in 1904, and took his young family to live in north Wales, buying Eyarth Hall (Denbighs), a few miles inland from Pentre Mawr.
Eyarth Hall, Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd

When he inherited Pentre Mawr from his father in 1910 he did not move there, but let it as a school, and it was never occupied by the family again, although his sister Lilian built a bungalow on the estate in 1911 where she lived until her death in 1925. 

In 1913, Herbert and his son, Reginald (1894-1965) were out shooting on the Eyarth estate when they were told that an escaped convict - a man with a long list of convictions who was something of a popular hero because of his record of prison escapes - had been seen nearby. Herbert went to inform the police, but Reginald found the man and challenged him to stop and surrender.  When the man refused to do so and went to attack Reginald with a chisel, Reginald shot him in the leg, but unfortunately caught an artery so the man bled to death before help arrived. At the subsequent inquest the jury insisted on bringing in a verdict of manslaughter against Reginald, and he was accordingly sent for trial, although the Crown offered no evidence against him and the judge directed the jury to acquit him.

Herbert's three surviving sons were precisely of the generation to fight in the First World War, and all three were commissioned as junior officers, each eventually achieving the rank of Captain. The eldest son, Llewellyn, was killed in 1916, and Reginald was wounded in the same year. The youngest son, Frank, was killed a week before the Armistice, by which time Herbert himself was already dead, killed in what was deemed at the time to be a freak accident while salmon fishing in the River Dee. Herbert's widow appears to have lived on at Eyarth Hall with her two daughters, who never married, until her death in 1933, but Reginald joined the Ceylon Civil Service, and on his return to England in 1934 bought a house at Budleigh Salterton (Devon), where he lived with his wife and daughter. His younger sister, Margaret Jones-Bateman, went to Oxford to read law and in 1934 qualified as  a solicitor; she was among the first two hundred women to do so and later practised in St. Asaph.

Pentre Mawr, Abergele, Denbighshire

A manor house on this site is first mentioned in 1697, and was probably altered or rebuilt by the Jones family in the 18th century. It was further remodelled in the Tudor Gothic style in about 1830 for John Jones-Bateman. 

Pentre Mawr: the house in the early 20th century, from an old postcard.
On 11 May 1850, however, the house was seriously damaged by fire, and although it was possible for volunteers led by the local vicar to rescue many of the contents, contemporary press reports state that 'despite the efforts of the local fire brigade, it was found impossible to save the house, which in a few hours was completely gutted'. Reconstruction was quickly put in hand, and was apparently completed by 1853, possibly to the designs of John Welch of St. Asaph, who had worked on many of the local mansions. The external walls may have survived the fire, as the symmetrical entrance front, with an oriel in a battlemented two-storey porch, was said to be unchanged from its pre-fire appearance. 

The main front faces west and has five bays, with a battlemented two-storey porch with high angle buttresses and a canted oriel window lighting the chamber over the porch, which has Tudor arched lights and a crenellated parapet. To either side of the porch were two timber cross windows on each floor with a gable over and a high lancet window inset in the gable. Over the front door is an achievement of arms, with the inscription 'Spes Non Fracta'. The south end wall has a two-storey square bay of ashlar stone with three-light mullioned and transomed windows. At the rear is a parallel service range, built in unrendered stone rubble, which has an oriel window on the south end. 

Pentre Mawr: the side and rear elevations of the house. Image: RCAHMW AA54/2362.
The inside must have been very largely renewed after the fire, but some of the plasterwork is very much in the style of the 1830s, and so it may have been replaced to the original designs. By the 20th century the house had a good early 18th century Imperial staircase with ornamented tread ends, twisted balusters and Corinthian newels, which must have been imported although it is unclear whether this was installed after the fire or later.  In the 1870s the house was said to house 'many interesting... works of art, including several family portraits... by [Richard] Wilson, and one by Beechey of Barbara Lisle Bowles, the great-great-great niece of Sir Isaac Newton'. The house became a private school in 1913 and seems to have remained in this use until the Second World War, after which it was sold to the local council for use as offices. More recently, it was insensitively converted into twenty-four small flats, with much loss of interior detail, while some of the windows have also been replaced and the front block has been inappropriately rendered, further detracting from its appearance.

Descent: Humphrey Williams (fl. 1685); to widow, Judith Williams (d. 1724); to nephew, Rev. Hugh Jones (1697-1764); to brother, John Jones (1703-78); to nephew, Rowland Jones (1737-1812); to son, John Jones (later Jones-Bateman) (1784-1849); to widow, Marianne Jones-Bateman (1799-1874); to son, Rev. (John) Burleton Jones-Bateman (1825-1910); to son, Herbert Burleton Jones-Bateman (1853-1918); to son, Reginald Jones-Bateman (1894-1965). The house was leased as a school from 1913 and sold 1948 to Abergele Urban District Council.

Jones and Jones-Bateman family of Pentre Mawr

Rev. Hugh Jones (1697-1764) 
Jones, Rev. Hugh (1697-1764). Son of Rev. William Jones, rector of Llanferres (Denbighs) and his wife Martha, born 8 February and baptised at Llanferres, 10 February 1696/7. Educated at Jesus College, Oxford (matriculated 1715/6; BA 1719). Vicar of Hope, 1724-25; Rector of Llanferres, 1725-43 and vicar of Gresford (Denbighs.), 1743-64; prebendary of St Asaph's Cathedral. His portrait, attributed to Richard Wilson, was painted in 1734. He was probably unmarried, and had no issue.
He inherited Pentre Mawr in 1724 from his aunt Judith, widow of Humphrey Williams of Pentre Mawr. At his death it passed to his brother John.
He died 12 March and was buried at Gresford, 15 March 1764; administration of his goods was granted 1 May 1764.

John Jones (1703-78)
Jones, John (1703-78). Son of Rev. William Jones, rector of Llanferres (Denbighs) and his wife Martha, born 11 August and baptised at Llanferres, 14 August 1703.  He was a signficiant early patron of the artist Richard Wilson, and his portrait by Wilson, of 1738, is the earliest surviving securely dated portrait by the artist. He was probably unmarried and had no issue.
He lived at Wrexham (Denbighs) but inherited Pentre Mawr from his elder brother in 1764. At his death it passed to his nephew, Rowland Jones (1737-1812).
He may be the 'Mr. John Jones, gent., excise officer, Wrexh[a]m'  buried at Gresford, 14 January 1778, although no other record of his being connected with the excise has been found; his will was proved 28 March 1778.

Jones, Rowland (b. 1704). Son of Rev. William Jones, rector of Llanferres (Denbighs) and his wife Martha, born 16 November and baptised at Llanferres, 21 November 1704. He apparently married, 21 October 1731 at Fitz (Shropshire), Mary Birch, and had issue, probably among others:
(1) Hugh Jones (b. 1735), baptised at St Mary, Shrewsbury, 11 September 1735;
(2) Rowland Jones (1737-1812) (q.v.);
(3) Martha Jones (fl. 1812); married [forename unknown] Smith.
He lived in Shrewsbury.
His date of death is unknown. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Jones, Rowland (1737-1812). Son of Rowland Jones (b. 1704) of Shrewsbury and his wife Mary Birch, baptised at St Mary, Shrewsbury (Shrops.), 18 March 1736/7. Saddler in Chester. Alderman of Chester (Sheriff, 1781-82 and Mayor, 1797-98). He married, 11 August 1773 at Shotwick (Ches.), Jane (c.1751-1843?), daughter of Richard? Lloyd of Great Saughall, Shotwick, and had issue:
(1) Margaret Jones (b. & d. 1774), baptised at St. Peter, Chester, 19 September 1774; died in infancy and was buried, 11 October 1774;
(2) Patricia (k/a Patty) Jones (1775-1845), baptised at St Peter, Chester, 17 November 1775; married, 1 January 1802 at St Michael, Chester, Dr. Samuel Nevett Bennett (1779-1844) of Chester, surgeon, and had issue one son and four daughters; died 2 December 1845 and was buried at Shotwick (Ches.);
(3) Elizabeth Jones (1777-1836), baptised at St Peter, Chester, 6 May 1777; married, 23 January 1818 at St John, Chester, Hugh Colley (c.1780-1865) of Chester, woollen draper; died without issue and was buried at St Mary, Chester, 10 April 1836;
(4) Jane Jones (b. 1781), baptised at St Peter, Chester, 15 May 1781; living in Queen Street, Chester in 1851 and probably died unmarried;
(5) Mary Jones (b. 1783), baptised at St Peter, Chester, 26 February 1783; living with her sister in Queen St., Chester in 1851 and probably died unmarried;
(6) John Jones (later Jones-Bateman) (1784-1849) (q.v.).
He inherited Pentre Mawr from his uncle, John Jones, in 1778.
He died 31 October 1812; his will was proved in the PCC, 12 December 1812. His widow may be the woman of that name buried at St John, Chester, 27 March 1843.

Jones (later Jones-Bateman), John (1784-1849). Only son of Rowland Jones (1737-1812) and his wife Jane, daughter of Richard? Lloyd of Great Saughall, Shotwick (Ches.), born 3 September 1784 and baptised at Chester, 29 June 1785. Educated at a solicitor's office in the Middle Temple and at Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1814). Solicitor; senior partner in Jones, Bateman, Bennett & Field, of Lincolns Inn Fields, London; auditor and land agent to the Earl of Thanet. He took the additional surname of Bateman in 1834. He married, 24 August 1824 at Donhead St Mary (Wilts), Marianne (1799-1874), daughter of William Burleton of Wyken Hall (Leics) and Donhead Lodge, and had issue:
(1) Rev. John Burleton Jones-Bateman (1825-1910) (q.v.);
(2) Rowland Lloyd Jones-Bateman (1826-96), born 10 November 1826 and baptised at St Pancras, 15 August 1827; educated at Winchester College, Trinity and New Colleges, Oxford (matriculated 1845; BA 1848; MA 1852; cricket blue, 1846, 1848), Lincolns Inn (admitted 1848) and Inner Temple (called 1852); barrister-at-law, who worked as an equity draughtsman and conveyancer; Fellow of New College, Oxford, 1846-59; married, 12 August 1858 at Holy Trinity, St Marylebone (Middx), his first cousin, Jessy Jane Marianne (1839-1914), eldest daughter of Col. William Burleton of Portland Place, London, and had issue one son and one daughter; lived latterly at Otterbourne Grange, Winchester (Hants) and died there, 16 December 1896; administration of goods granted 3 March 1897 (effects £30,001) and 8 November 1912;
(3) twin, Philip Wythen Jones-Bateman (1828-49), baptised at St Pancras, 1 August 1828; educated at Eton; drowned while bathing at Abergele, 18 August 1849; administration of goods granted to his brother Rowland, 20 January 1876 (effects under £2,000);
(4) twin, Marianne Emily Jones-Bateman (1828-73), baptised at St Pancras, 1 August 1828; married, 9 August 1850 at Holy Trinity, St. Marylebone (Middx), Charles Hill (b. 1822), son of James Haydock Hill of Berry Hill, Mansfield (Notts), and had issue three sons; died 8 May 1873;
(5) Ellen Jones-Bateman (1829-1902), born 1829; baptised at St Pancras, 16 July 1830; married, 20 February 1851 at Holy Trinity, St. Marylebone, Robert Bamford-Hesketh (1826-94) of Gwyrch Castle (Denbighs.) and had issue one daughter (Winifred Bamford-Hesketh (d. 1924), who succeeded her father at Gwyrch Castle; married, 18 September 1878, Lt-Gen Douglas Mackinnon Baillie Hamilton Cochrane (1852-1935), 12th Earl of Dundonald, and had issue); lived latterly at Torquay (Devon), but died suddenly while on a visit to Gwyrch, 27 August, and was buried at Llandulas (Denbighs.), 30 August 1902; will proved 10 October 1902 (estate £174,808);
(6) Susan Bowles Jones-Bateman (1831-78), baptised at St Pancras, 25 July 1831; married, 27 January 1863 at St Marylebone (Middx), George Deeks Skingley (1812-88), son of Henry Skingley, esq.; died at Folkestone (Kent), 14 October 1878; will proved 19 December 1878 (effects under £18,000).
He inherited Pentre Mawr from his father in 1812 and remodelled it about 1830. His widow rebuilt the house in c.1853 after a fire in 1850. By an unhappy coincidence, his chambers in Lincolns Inn were destroyed by fire in January 1849.
He died in London, 14 July 1849 and was buried at Abergele, where he is commemorated by a monument; his will was proved in the PCC, 12 November 1849. His widow died 25 November and was buried at Abergele, 1 December 1874; her will was proved 5 April 1875 (effects under £18,000).

Jones-Bateman, Rev. (John) Burleton (1825-1910). Eldest son of John Jones (later Jones-Bateman) (1784-1849) and his wife Marianne, daughter of William Burleton of Wyken Hall (Leics), born 21 June 1825 and baptised at St Pancras, 15 August 1827. Educated at Winchester and Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (matriculated 1844; BA 1848; MA 1851; cricket blue, 1848). Ordained deacon and priest, 1849. Rector of Sheldon (Warks), 1849-1910; Rural Dean of Coleshill, 1859-1910; a surrogate in the diocese of Birmingham, 1905-10. He married, 8 June 1852, Mary (1833-1911), daughter of Joseph Jennens of Small Heath, Birmingham, and had issue:
(1) Herbert Burleton Jones-Bateman (1853-1918) (q.v.);
(2) Marion Jones-Bateman (1854-1933), baptised at Sheldon, 5 November 1854; died unmarried, 9 March 1933; will proved 11 May 1923 (estate £17,771);
(3) Newton Jones-Bateman (1855-56), baptised at Sheldon, 2 December 1855; died in infancy and was buried at Sheldon, 29 March 1856;
(4) Ven. Percy Lisle Jones-Bateman (1857-97), baptised at Sheldon, 4 October 1857; educated at Uppingham School and Clare College, Cambridge (matriculated 1876; BA 1880; MA 1891); ordained deacon, 1880 and priest, 1884; missionary in Zanzibar, 1880-86; Principal and Chaplain, Kiungani Theological College, Zanzibar, 1886-97; Archdeacon of Zanzibar, 1889-97; Chancellor of Christ Church Cathedral, Zanzibar, 1896-97; died at Zanzibar, 25 October 1897; will proved 12 January 1898 (estate £647);
(5) Llewellyn Jones-Bateman (1859-89), born 8 February and baptised at Sheldon, 3 April 1859; educated at Haileybury and Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (matriculated 1878; BA 1882; MB and BCh, 1884); Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, 1884; practised in Birmingham, where he was resident Medical Officer at the Jaffray and other Birmingham Hospitals; author of medical texts; died at Bournemouth, 20 November 1889 and was buried at Sheldon, 25 November 1889;
(6) Rev. Cecil Jones-Bateman (1860-1945), born 8 October and baptised at Sheldon, 2 December 1860; educated at Haileybury and Clare College, Cambridge (matriculated 1880; BA 1884; MA 1895); ordained deacon, 1884, and priest, 1885; held a series of curacies in England, 1884-1909; chaplain at Madeira, 1909-13, Florence, 1920-21, Capri, 1921-22 and Christ Church, Nice (France), 1922-25; vicar of Toddington with Stanley Pontlarge (Glos), 1926-36, when he retired to Cheltenham (Glos); a freemason from 1913; married 1st, 29 November 1887 at St James, Paddington (Middx), Marianne Smith (1857-1914), third daughter of Robert Ritson of Glenbank, Maryport (Cumbld) and had issue one daughter; married 2nd, 7 September 1915, Sibyl Rita Byrom (1886-1984), daughter of Edward Rowland Corrie of Coombe Wood, Branksome Park, Bournemouth (Hants), and had issue two sons and one daughter; died in Bournemouth, 14 October 1945; will proved 4 December 1945 (estate £18,645);
(7) Ernest Jones-Bateman (1862-1929), baptised at Sheldon, 4 May 1862; as a young man, he worked in a bank; later moved to London where he was a noted chess player and took part in several championship congresses; moved to Exmouth on his marriage, 12 January 1905 at Littleham-cum-Exmouth (Devon), to Georgiana Herbert (1861-1938), daughter of James Capell of Weston-super-Mare (Som.) and widow of Rev. Charles Edward Strong (1814-99), vicar of Withycombe Raleigh (Devon), but had no issue; died 18 June 1929; will proved 29 August 1929 (estate £15,022);
(8) Lilian Jones-Bateman (1863-1925), baptised at Sheldon, 2 August 1863; built a bungalow called Cae Glas on the upper portion of the Pentre Mawr estate in 1911, to the designs of D. MacDougall of Abergele; died 19 May 1925; will proved 15 August 1925 (estate £12,045);
(9) Rev. Wilfred Jones-Bateman (1865-1937), born 12 February and baptised at Sheldon, 2 April 1865; educated at Haileybury and Selwyn College, Cambridge (matriculated 1883; BA 1886; MA 1890); ordained deacon, 1888 and priest, 1890; held curacies in England, 1888-93; rector of St. George, Grenada, 1893-1903; chaplain to the bishop, 1894-1904 and canon of the Windward Islands, 1905; rector of Christ Church, Mexico City, 1903-12; archdeacon of Southern Mexico, 1905-12; moved to Godinch, Ontario (Canada) about 1912; served in First World War as chaplain to the Canadian Forces, 1914-19; married, 11 September 1895 at Sewickly, Allegheny, Pennsylvania (USA), Annie Eleanor Bennett (1870-1948), of Pittsburgh (USA) and had issue two sons; died following an operation for a burst appendix at Huron, Ontario, 28 July, and was buried at Maitland Cemetery, Huron, 30 July 1937;
(10) Hastings Jones-Bateman (1866-1934), born 17 March and baptised at Sheldon, 6 May 1866; for reasons unknown he was disowned by his family who sent him to Canada in disgrace with a final severance payment of £13,000 in 1885, where he bought a farm and married 1st, 4 January 1886 at Chatham, Ontario (Canada), Harriet (1865-1929), daughter of John Johnson, and had issue one son; in 1890 he left his wife and child to make a visit to England, but on his return he went straight to California to start a new life as a journalist; there he married 2nd, bigamously, 29 March 1901 at Santa Ana, California (sep. 1902; annulled 1904), Florence M. (b. c.1882), daughter of Edwin Bird; having left his second wife he married 3rd (again bigamously), 15 February 1904 at the RC Church in Pasadena, California (annulled 1904), Catherine Quin, whose sister discovered his previous marriage to Miss Bird; he was twice tried for bigamy but escaped gaol on technical grounds, even though he effectively admitted the offence; the press reported "no mention is made in the complaint... of the wives that Bateman had fitted into his life between 1886 and 1901, but he is a large-hearted man and they are many"; by 1910 he was a clerk in the Post Office, but he later came into or made money and by 1920 gave his occupation as 'capitalist'; he married* 4th, 4 May 1915 at San Diego, California (sep. by 1920; div. 1923 on grounds of his adultery), Wanda Caroline Becker (1890-1972) (who m2, 30 January 1928, Abelson Epstein MD (1889-1977), physician and surgeon); he married 5th, 2 March 1923 at Modesto, California, Ida Elizabeth Hallonquist, with whom he had been living for some years, but this ended in an acrimonious divorce on grounds of his cruelty in 1924; he finally married 6th, c.1926, Betty [surname unknown] (b. 1893); he died at Santa Clara, California, 13 October 1934.
He inherited Pentre Mawr from his mother. He lived at Olton Hall, Solihull (Warks) in the earlier years of his ministry at Sheldon, but later moved to Sheldon rectory.
He died at Sheldon, 29 December 1910; his will was proved 23 February 1911 (estate £94,592). His widow died 24 June 1911; her will was proved 29 July 1911 (estate £6,728).
* His first wife was then still living, but it is possible she divorced him after the events of 1904.

Jones-Bateman, Herbert Burleton (1853-1918). Eldest son of John Burleton Jones-Bateman (1825-1910) and his wife Mary Jennens,  born at Olton Hall, 4 May and baptised at Sheldon (Warks), 10 July 1853. Educated at Marlborough College, 1866-71 and Lincolns Inn (admitted 1875). An officer in the Indian Civil Service, 1874-1904, where he served as Assistant Commissioner and joint magistrate in the North-West Provinces and Oudh, 1876-92 and then as district and sessions court judge, 1892-1904. He married, 11 October 1887 at Henllan (Denbighs.), Evelyn (1863-1933), younger daughter of Rev. Hugh Edward Heaton of Plas Heaton, Henllan, and had issue:
(1) Llewellyn Jones-Bateman (1889-1916), born at Azamgarh (India), 28 January and baptised there, 17 March 1889; educated at Malvern College, Wellington College and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; an officer in the Royal Field Artillery (2nd Lt, 1909; Lt. 1912; T/Capt., 1915); died unmarried, of wounds received in action, 19 March 1916 and was buried at Lapugnoy Military Cemetery, Pas-de-Calais (France); will proved 12 May 1916 (estate £185);
(2) Mary Catherine Jones-Bateman (1890-91), born 31 May and was baptised at Cawnpore, Bengal (India), 13 July 1890; died in infancy, 15 December and was buried at Gorakhpur, Bengal (India), 17 December 1891;
(3) Gilbert Jones-Bateman (1892-93), born 20 March and baptised at Gorakhpur, 17 April 1892; died in infancy, 18 November and was buried at Saharanpur, Bengal (India), 19 November 1893;
(4) Reginald Jones-Bateman (1894-1965) (q.v.);
(5) Francis Jones-Bateman (1895-1918), born 29 November and baptised at Saharanpur, 31 December 1895; educated at Rugby, 1909-14; he served in the First World War in the 3rd battalion, Welsh Fusiliers (2nd Lt., 1914; Lt., 1915; Capt. 1915), and was wounded in 1915 and killed in action near Englefontein (France), 4 November 1918; buried in the Cross Roads Cemetery, Fontaine-au-Bois (France);
(6) Beatrice Jones-Bateman (b. 1899), born 8 March and baptised at Lucknow, 20 April 1899; served as a VAD nurse, 1919; lived at Plas Heaton (Denbighs.) in 1952; died unmarried after 1953;
(7) Margaret Jones-Bateman (1900-70), born 13 August 1900; educated at Society of Home Students, Oxford (BCL 1928) and qualified as a solicitor, 1934; lived at St. Asaph (Flints); died unmarried, 5 June 1970; will proved 4 September 1970 (estate £19,095).
He inherited the Pentre Mawr estate from his father in 1910, but let it as a private school from 1913 and lived at Eyarth Hall, Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd (Denbighs.).
He died as a result of an accident while salmon fishing in the River Dee, 19 July 1918, and was buried at Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd; his will was proved 30 September 1918 (estate £35,166). His widow was buried at Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd, 22 September 1933; her will was proved 4 December 1933 (estate £32,738).

Jones-Bateman, Reginald (1894-1965). Third, but eldest surviving son of Herbert Burleton Jones-Bateman (1853-1918) and his wife Evelyn, younger daughter of Rev. Hugh Edward Heaton of Plas Heaton (Denbighs.), born 23 April and baptised at Mussoorie, Bengal (India), 1 June 1894. Educated at Rugby, 1907-13 and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1913; scholar). In 1913 he attempted to detain an escaped convict called John Jones, an habitual criminal who seems to have been something of a popular hero, and shot him in the leg; the man died from shock and loss of blood and the inquest jury sent Jones-Bateman for trial for manslaughter, but the Crown declined to offer evidence against him and he was acquitted at the direction of the judge. He served in the First World War with the Welsh Regiment (2nd Lt., 1915; Lt. 1917; T/Capt., 1918). He was wounded in 1916, and was part of the North Russia Expeditionary Force, June-November 1918. He was an officer in the Ceylon Civil Service, 1919-34, where he served under the Superintendent of Census and Director of Statistics, 1921-24, as Assistant Government Agent, Mullaittivu, 1924-26 and Kandy, 1926-27, and as Assistant Settlement Officer, 1927-34.  He was the author of  A refuge from civilisation (1931) about life in Ceylon, An illustrated guide to the buried cities of Ceylon (1932), and also of the controversial Some new principles of auction bridge (1929; 2nd edn, 1939). He married, 29 January 1925, Dorothy (1898-1981), daughter of John Owen Cook of Diss (Norfk), and had issue:
(1) Patricia Jones-Bateman (1927-2003), born 9 July 1927; educated at Howell's School, Denbigh; died unmarried, 27 May 2003; will proved 16 July 2003.
He inherited Pentre Mawr from his father in 1918, but continued to let it as a school until he sold it to Abergele Urban District Council in 1948. After returning from Ceylon, he lived at 'Inner Ting Tong', Budleigh Salterton (Devon).
He died 16 September 1965; will proved 4 January 1966 (estate £39,266). His widow died 23 November 1981; her will was proved 22 January 1982 (estate £138,442).

Principal sources

Burke's Landed Gentry, 1952, p. 129; E. Hubbard, The buildings of Wales: Clwyd, 1986, p. 99; M. Baker, 'The development of the Welsh country house', Cardiff Univ. PhD thesis, 2015, pp. 262-63;

Location of archives

Jones and Jones-Bateman of Pentre Mawr: deeds and estate records, 1531-1866 [National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth: Pentre Mawr collection]

Coat of arms

Quarterly : 1st and 4th, or, a lion rampant gules, armed and langued of the first ; 2nd and 3rd, argent, a chevron sable, between three boars' heads of the second.

Can you help?

  • Can anyone supply a view of Pentre Mawr before it was rebuilt in 1830, or between 1830 and the fire of 1850?
  • Does anyone know more about Rowland Jones (b. 1704) of Shrewsbury, who remains a shadowy figure?
  • I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated. 
  • Any additions or corrections to the text above will be gratefully received and incorporated.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 11 February 2021 and was updated 12 February 2021.