Friday, 6 December 2019

(399) Barnett of Glympton Park

A young naval lieutenant called Benjamin Barnett (1669-1703) was one of 279 men lost when HMS Stirling Castle foundered on the Goodwin Sands off Deal (Kent) during the Great Storm of 1703. The fate of his father did not deter Benjamin's only son, Curtis Barnett (1696-1746), with whom the genealogy below begins, from entering the navy in 1710, and he progressed rapidly through the ranks, becoming a Captain in 1731 and being made Commodore of a small squadron sent to the Bay of Bengal in 1744 to attack French trading vessels. A single action, which also resulted in his securing significant prize money, quickly recovered British command of the Bay, and he spent much of 1745 cruising between Ceylon and the mouth of the Ganges looking for trouble and not finding it. However, in the spring of 1746 he fell ill of a fever and died on board his ship at Madras. His will made provision for his widow and two surviving sons, and also for his sister and her children, but he directed his trustees to invest the bulk of his fortune in the purchase of a landed estate for the use of his wife, and after her death, for that of his elder son, Charles. The estate that was eventually purchased was Stratton Park near Biggleswade in Bedfordshire, which was held by his descendants until the early 20th century: the Barnetts of Stratton Park will be the subject of my next article. This account discusses his second son, Benjamin Barnett (1735-1805) and his descendants, and the house in Oxfordshire which they inherited in the 19th century.

Benjamin Barnett did not follow his father and grandfather into the Navy, but became a banker in London, joining John Bland & Son of Lombard Street and becoming a partner there by 1761, when the firm became Bland, Barnett & Co. He became the senior partner following the death of John Bland junior in 1788 (when the firm became Barnett, Hoare, Hill & Barnett), and retired in 1800. His nephew Charles Barnett, of the Stratton Park family, then became a partner, and Benjamin's son, George Henry Barnett (1780-1871) joined the firm soon after 1800. The name of the business continued to alter with every change in the partnership until 1826, after which it was known as Barnett, Hoare & Co. until 1872, and then as Barnett, Hoare, Hanbury & Lloyd until 1884, when it was absorbed into the Lloyds family as part of a wider merger. 

In 1770, Benjamin married Avice (1748-1822), the elder daughter of Sir George Wheate, 3rd bt., of Lechlade Manor (Glos), who was one of his father's four testamentary trustees. The original seat of the Wheate family was Glympton Park in Oxfordshire, which had been remodelled by either Sir George's grandfather, Sir Thomas Wheate (1667-1721), 1st bt., or his uncle, Sir Thomas Wheate (1693-1746), 2nd bt. However, on the latter's death the property had been separated from the baronetcy, and had passed to the 2nd baronet's widow. After her death, her daughters, Sarah, Anne and Mary, bought it from Sir Jacob Wheate, the 5th baronet. Only Mary married (to Richard Lloyd (1730-96)), and the estate thus descended to their son, Francis Sackville Lloyd (1761-1812), who took the name Wheate in recognition of his inheritance. Francis died without issue, leaving the estate for life to his widow Elizabeth, with reversion on her death to the senior line heir of the Wheates. By 1846, when Mrs. Way died, this was George Henry Barnett (1780-1871), the eldest son of Benjamin and Avice. Although he was only a very distant connection to the previous owners, the inheritance cannot have been a surprise, since Benjamin would have been the heir presumptive since his mother's death in 1822. Once he gained possession, he remodelled the house (which was probably rather neglected), but he is said only to have lived there in summer, even after he retired from the bank.

Despite occasional difficulties caused by wars and the business cycle, two generations of banking, together with other business directorships and socially advantageous marriages (his wife was a first cousin of George Canning, briefly the Prime Minister in 1827), made George Henry Barnett a wealthy man, worth £120,000 at his death in 1871. Both his surviving sons, Henry Barnett (1815-96) and Charles George Barnett (1816-96) followed him into the bank, and remained partners until its final absorption into Lloyds in 1884.
King's Beeches, Ascot: built for C.G. Barnett in about 1867.
As the elder, Henry also inherited the Glympton estate, but Charles built himself a new house near Ascot called King's Beeches, which he occupied until his death.

Henry Barnett had wider interests than his father and grandfather, serving as MP for Woodstock between 1865 and 1874, and also becoming a member of the House of Laity of the Church of England's Synod. He belonged to the Anglo-Catholic wing of the church, and was prominent in church circles for his promotion of the revival of a monastic tradition in Anglicanism. The Rev. William John Butler (1818-94), who founded St. Mary's Convent at Wantage (Berks) in 1848, was his brother-in-law, and two of his daughters subsequently became nuns at Wantage. 

Like his father, Henry Barnett outlived several of his sons, including George Wheate Barnett (1843-78), who entered the family bank and was probably his father's intended successor as a partner; his death in 1878 may have been a factor in the decision of the partners to merge the bank with the Lloyds group a few years later. At his death in 1896, Henry was therefore succeeded at Glympton by his third but eldest surviving son, Frank Henry Barnett (1850-1907), who had a short career in the Navy before his marriage. After that, he is curiously invisible in the records: he took no part in business or politics; does not seem to have been involved with the arts or country sports; and had only a minimal engagement with local affairs, becoming a JP in 1901. Until he inherited Glympton, he lived in Chelsea and later at Holton (Oxon), where he rented the dower house (Holton Cottage) from the family into which his younger sister had married. It is possible that his limited activities were due to delicate health, for he seems to have died of tuberculosis. His tenure as owner of Glympton was fairly short, but he may have been responsible for adding external shutters to many of the windows of the house.

On the death of Frank Barnett in 1907, Glympton passed to his only son, George Henry Barnett (1880-1942), who was a career soldier, and can have been at Glympton rather little until he retired from the regular army in 1920. When he died, in the depths of the Second World War, the estate passed to his only surviving son, Maj. Benjamin George Barnett (1912-98), but by this time the wealth derived from 19th century banking had been considerably diminished by generations of taxes and agricultural depression.
Swift's House, Stoke Lyne
Probably in order to pay the death duties, Maj. Barnett decided to sell the estate, which found an enthusiastic new owner in Alan Good in 1944. Major Barnett moved just a few miles away to Swifts House at Stoke Lyne near Bicester, the seat of his wife's family, the Peytons, which they inherited in 1962. This remained the family home until the death of his widow in 2007, but has since been sold. The present head of the family is Mr. David Barnett, who farms from a Jacobean manor house in Northamptonshire called Great Purston Manor.

Glympton Park, Oxfordshire

There was a manor house here by the 16th century if not earlier, and since the present house stands very close to the medieval church, it was probably on this site, although nothing now survives that is earlier than the 18th century. The estate was acquired by the Wheate family in 1633, the parish was enclosed in the late 17th century, and a deer park was created around the house. In about 1705 Sir John Vanbrugh, who had just been appointed to design Blenheim Palace nearby, produced some sketch designs for Sir Thomas Wheate, 1st bt., for remodelling or rebuilding the house. None of these proposals were executed, but with them is what seems to be a sketch plan of the existing house. If this does relate to Glympton, it suggests the old house then consisted of south range which had a medieval or Tudor great hall in the centre, but which had been remodelled in the late 17th century with symmetrical projections at either end, and with a generous open-well staircase next to the hall. Behind this range was a courtyard flanked by two parallel wings - the internal layout of which is not shown - and closed by a screen wall on the north.
Glympton Park: ground plan showing the house c.1705. Image: Victoria & Albert Museum.
Glympton Park: design of c.1705 by Sir John Vanbrugh for remodelling the south front as a regular classical facade. Image: Victoria & Albert Museum.

Although Vanbrugh's schemes for the house came to nothing, a substantial remodelling does seem to have taken place later for either Sir Thomas Wheate (d. 1721) or more probably for his son of the same name, who died in 1746. As Vanbrugh had proposed, the south front was remodelled and made symmetrical, with a two-storey elevation of seven bays (grouped 2-3-2) between the projecting ends. The interiors were refitted at the same time, and by the early 19th century - if not before - the western rear wing had been demolished.

In 1846 the estate passed to George Henry Barnett (1780-1871), who was the son of a London banker. He demolished the projecting ends of the south front and refaced the seven bay centre in Bath stone, with decorative motifs in a restrained Italianate style, including a balustraded parapet. He moved the main entrance from the centre of this range to the west front (where he created a new Tuscan porch), and replaced it with a single-storey canted bay window. His biggest changes, however, were to rebuild the rear east wing as a new service range, and to construct a new stable block between the house and the church. Apart from the addition of external shutters, probably in the late 19th or early 20th century, the house remained in this form until it was sold by the Barnett family during the Second World War.

Glympton Park: the south front of the house in the early 20th century. The Tuscan porch on the west front can be seen in profile, and the late Victorian window shutters are in place. Image: Historic England
Glympton Park: the house from the south-east in the early 20th century, showing the service wing added in the 1840s.
Alan Good, the Anglo-Irish head of a successful engineering company, bought the house in 1944 and had grand plans for remodelling it. His ambition was to realise Vanbrugh's proposed thirteen-bay elevation of two storeys, with taller pedimented end-pavilions and segmental-headed windows, but in the post-War period, when building materials were centrally controlled and largely devoted to the vital work of reconstructing bombed cities and industrial sites, this was unrealistic. Instead, he employed Trenwith Wills in 1948-49 to carry out a more limited remodelling, removing the external shutters and replanning and re-Georgianizing the interior. In 1974 the entrance hall had mid 18th century wooden panelling with a dentil cornice, doorways with broken pediments, and a screen of three arches separating the hall from a staircase by Trenwith Wills, but how much of this was original to the house, or in its original position, is unclear. Alan Good may have hoped to carry out further work later on, when building licences were relaxed, but any such scheme was prevented by his early death in 1953.

The estate was bought in 1990 by the Saudi Arabian Prince Bandar bin Sultan al-Saud, and was further enlarged and remodelled for him in 1992-96 by Philip Jebb (d. 1995), with the work continued and completed by Nicholas Johnson and Peter Cave. Externally, their main impact has been on the west side of the house, where a new eight bay range (uncomfortably grouped 3-2-3) with a pedimented centre was constructed. They also remodelled and enlarged the 19th century service wing and reused the Tuscan porch of the 1840s as the facade of a new terrace room on the west front. Inside, Jebb designed a new entrance hall and full-height staircase hall, but the rest of the interior was remodelled with interiors by Alberto Pinto of Paris. The 19th century stables, north of the house, have also been considerably enlarged.

Glympton Park: the house in its landscaped park in 2015.
The house sits in a delightful small-scale landscaped park, in which a section of the River Glyme was dammed to form a serpentine lake, very much in the manner of Capability Brown. Since he is known to have worked on the adjoining Blenheim and Kiddington estates, he may have worked here too, although there seems to be no documentary evidence for this, and it could just be a piece of successful emulation.
Glympton Park: the gatehouse in about 1850.
The entrance to the estate is through a gatehouse flanked by a pair of lodges, which stands south of the house. The gateway itself has a high flat basket arch, probably of c.1800, and a drawing of about 1850 shows it with rather pretty and simple Gothick glazing. The present half-timbering and the pyramidal roof must date from a remodelling in 1880. The lodges to either side of the archway have recently been enlarged for the current owner of the estate.

Descent: Thomas Lydeard (d. 1480); to son Anthony Lydeard; to son, William Lydeard (d. 1545); to brother, Edmund Lydeard, who sold 1547 to John Cupper, who in 1581 settled the manor on his son Richard Cupper (d. 1583); to widow, Frances (later Pollard) (fl. 1632) who leased it until 1616 to Thomas Tesdale, cofounder of Pembroke College, Oxford; in 1632 her nephew John Cupper sold the manor with her consent to Sir John Sedley; sold 1633 to William Wheate (d. 1659); to son Thomas Wheate (d. 1668); to son Sir Thomas Wheate (1667-1721), 1st bt.; to son, Sir Thomas Wheate (1693-1746), 2nd bt; to widow, Mary (d. 1765); after her death her daughters Sarah Wheate (d. 1805) and Anne Wheate (d. 1807) and Mary Lloyd (d. 1803) bought the estate from Sir Jacob Wheate (d. 1783), 5th bt., and held it jointly; on Anne's death it passed to Mary's son Francis Sackville Lloyd (later Wheate) (d. 1812); to widow Elizabeth Wheate (d. 1846), who later married the Rev. William Way (d. 1845), and then to George Henry Barnett (1780-1871); to son, Henry Barnett (1815-96); to son, Frank Henry Barnett (1850-1907); to son, Col. George Henry Barnett (1880-1942); to son Maj. Benjamin Barnett (1912-98), who sold 1944 to Alan Paul Good (1906-53); sold after his death to the Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist, Willard Garfield Weston (1898-1978), who sold 1957 to Eric William Towler (1900-87); sold 1988 to the Australian tycoon, Alan Bond (1938-2015); sold 1990 to Prince Bandar bin Sultan al-Saud (b. 1949).

Barnett family of Glympton Park

Commodore Curtis Barnett (1696-1746)
Barnett, Commodore Curtis (1696-1746). Only son of Lt. Benjamin Barnett RN (1669-1703) and his wife Mary, widow of [forename unknown] Willin, born 26 April and baptised at Alverstoke (Hants), 8 May 1696. An officer in the Royal Navy from 1710 (Midshipman, 1713; Lt., 1718; Cmdr., 1730; Capt., 1731; Commodore, 1744). He married, 13 May 1725 at St Paul's Cathedral, London, Elizabeth (1700-75), daughter of Benjamin Rosewell, master shipwright, and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Barnett (b. 1726), baptised at Chatham (Kent), 27 May 1726; died young before 1745;
(2) Benjamin Barnett (1731-32?), born 27 March and baptised at Chatham, 10 April 1731; said to have died in infancy at Gibraltar in 1732;
(3) Charles Barnett (1733-1811), born at Gibraltar, 17 May 1733; educated at Oriel College, Oxford (matriculated 1750); married, 17 February 1756, Bridget (c.1731-1816), daughter of Alexander Clayton, and had issue three sons and two daughters [from whom descend the Barnetts of Stratton Park, who will be the subject of my next article];
(4) Benjamin Barnett (1735-1805) (q.v.).
He seems to have lived chiefly at Chatham (Kent) when in England and owned a farm at nearby Gillingham. By his will he directed his trustees to invest the bulk of his residuary estate in the purchase of a landed estate for the use of his widow and subsequently his elder son: the estate purchased was Stratton Park (Beds.)
He died after a short illness at Fort St. DavidMadras (India) while commanding the East Indies Squadron of the Royal Navy, 2 May 1746; his will was proved 27 July 1747. His widow died at Stratton Park, 30 July, and was buried at Biggleswade (Beds), 5 August 1775.

Barnett, Benjamin (1735-1802). Younger surviving son of Commodore Curtis Barnett (1696-1746) and his wife Elizabeth Rosewell, born 29 September and baptised at Chatham (Kent), 4 October 1735. Banker in London with Barnett, Hoare, Hill and Barnett (senior partner from 1788; retired 1800). He married, 6 December 1770 at Blackmore (Essex), Avice (1748-1822), daughter of Sir George Wheate, 3rd bt. of Glympton Park, and had issue:
(1) Avice Barnett (1771-1842); baptised at St Peter-le-Poer, London, 27 December 1771; died unmarried, 3 August, and was buried at Putney (Surrey), 10 August 1842;
(2) Elizabeth Barnett (1773-1818), baptised at St Peter-le-Poer, London,  24 July 1773; died unmarried and was buried at St George the Martyr, London, 20 September 1818;
(3) Henrietta Barnett (1774-1847), baptised at St Peter-le-Poer, London, 10 October 1774; died unmarried in London, 11 February, and was buried at St. Marylebone (Middx), 18 February 1847;
(4) Charlotte Barnett (1776-1821), baptised at St Peter-le-Poer, London, 18 June 1776; died unmarried in London, 10 February, and was buried at St Mary, Bryanston Sq., London, 15 February 1821;
(5) Lucy Bridget Barnett (1778-1864), baptised at St Peter-le-Poer, London, 1 July 1778; died unmarried in London,  12 March, and was buried at Glympton, 17 March 1864; will proved 5 April 1864;
(6) George Henry Barnett (1780-1871) (q.v.);
(7) Maria Catherine Barnett (1782-1832), baptised at St Peter-le-Poer, London, 9 June 1782; died unmarried at Blackheath (Kent), 7 June 1832, and was buried at Charlton (Kent);
(8) Edward Barnett (b. 1785), baptised at St. John Hampstead, 5 August 1785; a writer with the East India Company from 1802; died in India, in or after 1802;
(9) Lt-Col. Charles John Barnett (1790-1856), born 13 February and baptised at St Peter-le-Poer, London, 12 March 1790; officer in Scots Guards (Ensign, 1807; Lt. & Capt., 1812; Capt. & Lt-Col., 1820; retired 1830), who fought at the Battle of Waterloo; after leaving the army he joined the diplomatic service and was consul at Warsaw (Poland), 1833-41 and consul-general in Egypt, 1841-46, when he retired; died unmarried at Englefield Green (Surrey), 4 August, and was buried at Virginia Water (Surrey), 9 August 1856;
(9) Robert Barnett (1794-1877), baptised at St Peter le Poer, London, 8 April 1794; stockbroker; lived at Blackheath (Kent); married, 5 June 1821 at Hanley Castle (Worcs), Henrietta (c.1798-1864), second daughter of William Farquharson, and had issue one son [from whom descended the Barnett family of Halton Castle, Northumberland] and two daughters; died at Blackheath Park, 9 August 1877; will proved 1 September 1877 (effects under £30,000).
He lived in London and later at Theobalds Grove, Cheshunt (Herts).
He was buried at Cheshunt, 18 June 1802; his will was proved in the PCC, 26 June 1802. His widow was buried at St. Marylebone, 15 August 1822; her will was proved 23 August 1822.

George Henry Barnett (1780-1871)
Barnett, George Henry (1780-1871). Eldest son of Benjamin Barnett (1735-1805) and his wife Avice, daughter of Sir George Wheate, 3rd bt., of Glympton Park (Oxon), born at Glympton Park, 4 April and baptised at St Peter-le-Poer, London, 5 May 1780. Educated at Eton. Banker in London with Barnett Hoare & Co; a director of the Alliance Assurance Co. JP (from 1848) and DL (from 1852) for Oxfordshire. He married, 14 December 1805 at St Marylebone (Middx), Elizabeth ('Bess') Canning (1777-1838), daughter of Stratford Canning of London and sister of Stratford Canning, 1st Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, and had issue:
(1) Harriet Barnett (1806-59), born in London, 7 November 1806 and baptised at St Marylebone, 12 January 1807; died unmarried, 9 April, and was buried at Glympton, 14 April 1859;
(2) George Barnett (b. 1809), born 25 April and was baptised 14 December 1809; said to have died in infancy;
(3) Elizabeth Barnett (1810-1900), born 28 November 1810 and baptised at St Marylebone, 27 May 1811; lived at The Mead, Wantage; died unmarried aged 89 on 15 April 1900; will proved 17 May 1900 (estate £19,907);
(4) Emma Barnett (1813-94), born 27 May 1813 and baptised at St Marylebone on the same day; married, 29 July 1843 at Putney (Surrey), Very Rev. William John Butler (1818-94), vicar of Wantage (Berks), 1846-85, founder of St Mary's Convent there, and later dean of Lincoln Cathedral, 1885-94, son of John La Forey Butler, banker, and had issue six children; died 21 January 1894 and was buried with her husband (who died a week earlier) in the cloisters of Lincoln Cathedral; they are commemorated by a fine marble monument behind the high altar; will proved 24 March 1894 (effects £16,413);
(5) Henry Barnett (1815-96) (q.v.);
(6) Charles George Barnett (1816-96), born 5 November 1816 and baptised at St Marylebone, 22 February 1817; educated at Eton; banker in London as a partner in Barnett, Hoare & Co. (later Barnett, Hoare, Hanbury & Lloyd) until its merger into Lloyds Bank in 1884; director of the Alliance Assurance Co. and also of railway companies; JP for Berkshire; lived at King's Beeches, Sunninghill (Berks) from 1867, and was a churchwarden at Ascot, 1868-91 and a manager of Ascot Heath Schools; married, 22 April 1847 at St George, Hanover Sq., London, Marianne Jane (1819-83), daughter of Edward St. John-Mildmay, and had issue four sons and two daughters; died at Sunninghill, 1 May 1886; will proved 9 June 1886 (estate £69,566);
(7) Mary Charlotte Barnett (1818-1904), born 4 October and baptised at St Marylebone, 3 December 1818; married, 5 July 1842 at Putney (Surrey), Charles Unwin, son of John Unwin, and had issue; died at Tunbridge Wells (Kent), 28 September 1904; will proved 8 December 1904 (estate £4,244);
(8) Louisa Barnett (1820-1913), born 5 October 1820 and baptised at St. Marylebone, 6 February 1820; married 1st, 13 May 1854 at St Paul, Knightsbridge (Middx), Paul Butler (1821-75), son of John La Forey Butler, and had issue three sons; lived latterly at Wyck Hill House, Wyck Rissington (Glos); died aged 93 at Tunbridge Wells, 8 December 1913, and was buried at Wyck Rissington, 11 December 1913; will proved 14 March 1914 (estate £2,314).
He had a town house at 42 Wilton Crescent, Belgravia and a villa at Putney; after he inherited Glympton Park in 1846 from his mother's family, he spent the summers there.
He died aged 91 on 26 April, and was buried at Glympton, 2 May 1871; his will was proved 19 May 1871 (effects under £120,000). His wife died 17 December, and was buried at Putney, 24 December 1838.

Henry Barnett (1815-96)
Barnett, Henry (1815-96). Elder surviving son of George Henry Barnett (1780-1871) and his wife Elizabeth ('Bess') Canning, born 14 February 1815. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1832; BA 1836; MA 1847). Banker in London with Barnett, Hoare, Hanbury & Lloyd until its merger into Lloyds Bank in 1884; also a director of the Provincial Bank of Ireland and Chairman of the Economic Life Assurance Society. Conservative MP for Woodstock, 1865-74. JP (from 1848), DL and County Alderman for Oxfordshire; Hon. Col. of Oxfordshire Yeomanry Cavalry. He was a key supporter of the Anglo-Catholic wing of the Church of England, did much to encourage the establishment of Anglican sisterhoods (which two of his daughters joined), and was a member of the House of Laymen of the Synod for the Province of Canterbury. His agricultural interests included the breeding of Oxfordshire Downs sheep, and he supported the Oxfordshire County Agricultural Society. As a young man he was an enthusiastic cricketer, and made four appearances for the MCC, 1836-39. He married, 18 September 1838, Emily Ann (1816-83), fourth daughter of John Stratton of Chesterton and Great Tew (Oxon), and had issue:
(1) Frances Elizabeth Barnett (1840-95), born 1 August 1840; became an Anglican nun with the Sisters of St Mary, Wantage (Berks); died unmarried at St Mary's Cottage, Matheram, near Poona (India), 9 November 1895; will proved 28 October 1896 (effects £2,921);
(2) George Barnett (b. & d. 1842), born 4 April 1842; died in infancy, 6 May 1842;
(3) George Wheate Barnett (1843-78), born 19 August 1843; educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1861; BA 1864); banker in his father's firm; an officer in the Oxfordshire Yeomanry Cavalry (Cornet, 1866; Lt., 1872); died unmarried in London, 25 March, and was buried at Glympton, 30 March 1878; will proved 29 May 1878 (effects under £14,000);
(4) Emily Avice Barnett (1846-1933), born 1 April 1846; became a nun with the Sisters of St Mary, Wantage; died unmarried at Wantage, 27 January 1933;
(5) Gertrude Louisa Barnett (1848-1912), born in London, 2 April 1848, with a stillborn twin sister; married, 7 January 1880 at Glympton, as his second wife, Ven. Charles Wellington Johnson (later Furse) (1821-1900), Archdeacon of Westminster, son of Charles William Johnson of Great Torrington (Devon), and had issue one son and one daughter; died at Markham House, Wokingham (Berks), 6 March 1912, and was buried at Swallowfield (Berks); will proved 1 May 1912 (estate £5,182);
(6) Frank Henry Barnett (1850-1907) (q.v.);
(7) Canon Herbert Barnett (1851-1937), born 14 May 1851; educated at Radley, Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1869; BA 1873; MA 1878) and Cuddesdon Theological College; ordained deacon 1874 and priest, 1876; chaplain of Cuddesdon College, 1878-82; vicar of Watlington (Oxon), 1882-86 and of Bracknell (Berks, 1886-1919; rural dean of Maidenhead, 1903-21; Hon. Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, 1914-37; married, 19 April 1888, Mary (1865-1953), daughter of Charles Lethbridge, and had issue one son and two daughters; died at Binfield (Berks), 23 November 1937 and was buried at Glympton;
(8) Walter Stratford Barnett (1853-61), born 30 May 1853; died young, 15 February 1861 and was buried at Glympton;
(9) Amy Katherine Barnett (1854-1943), born 28 June 1854; married, 26 January 1875, Edward Alexander James Duff (1847-1916), son of Adm. Norwich Duff, and had issue three sons and five daughters; died 15 January 1943.
He inherited Glympton Park from his father in 1871, and had a town house at 15 West Halkin St., Belgravia.
He died 5 May, and was buried at Glympton, 9 May 1896; his will was proved 8 August 1896 (effects £122,865). His wife died in Florence (Italy), 12 March, and was buried at Glympton, 24 March 1883.

Barnett, Frank Henry (1850-1907). Third but eldest surviving son of Henry Barnett (1815-96) and his wife Emily Ann, fourth daughter of John Stratton of Great Tew (Oxon)born in London, 17 February 1850. Educated at Eton. An officer in the Royal Navy (Cadet. 1864; Midshipman, 1866; Sub-Lt., 1870; retired 1873). JP for Oxfordshire, 1901. He married, 17 October 1878 at St Paul, Wilton Place, London, Frances Mary (1859-1947), elder daughter of Henry Tudor Davies, barrister, Chief Magistrate of Hong Kong, and member of the Hong Kong Legislative Council, and had issue:
(1) George Henry Barnett (1880-1942) (q.v.).
After his marriage, he lived in Chelsea (Middx) and at Holton Cottage (Oxon) until he inherited Glympton Park from his father in 1896.
He died 7 October and was buried at Glympton, 10 October 1907; his will was proved 16 January 1908 (estate £86,935). His widow died at Eastbourne (Sussex), 11 July, and was buried at Glympton, 20 July 1947; her will was proved 28 October 1947 (estate £3,698).

Barnett, Col. George Henry (1880-1942). Only child of Frank Henry Barnett (1850-1907) and his wife Frances Mary, elder daughter of Henry Tudor Davies, barrister, born in London, 12 November 1880. Educated at Radley and Royal Military College, Sandhurst. An officer in the army (2nd Lt., 1899; Lt., 1901; Capt., 1907; Maj., 1915 and Br. Lt-Col., 1918; retired 1920), serving in Boer War (severely wounded) and First World War (mentioned in despatches seven times; DSO 1916; CMG 1918); later an officer in the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (Lt. Col., 1920; retired as Col. 1924) and Hon. Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms (from 1926). He was awarded the Italian Croce di Guerra and Corona d'Italia. JP (from 1909) and DL (from 1924) for Oxfordshire. He married, 7 April 1904 at Ramsden (Oxon), Mary Dorothea Lowbridge (1876-1946), daughter of Rev. Robert Lowbridge Baker of Ramsden House (Oxon), and had issue:
(1) Dame Mary Henrietta Barnett (1905-85), born 16 February 1905; educated at Heathfield and Ascot; an officer in Women's Auxiliary Air Force and Women's Royal Air Force, 1939-60 (Squadron Officer, 1943; Group Officer, 1949; Deputy Director, 1949-52; Air Commandant and Director of the Women's Royal Air Force, 1956-60); hon. aide de camp to HM The Queen, 1956-60; appointed DBE, 1958 (OBE 1950; CBE 1956); JP and County Councillor for Oxfordshire; lived at Hoggrove House, Woodstock (Oxon); died unmarried, 11 September 1985 and was buried at Glympton; will proved 5 November 1985 (estate £238,269);
(2) Maj. Frank Henry Wheate Barnett (1906-40), born 11 December 1906; educated at Eton and RMC Sandhurst; an officer in the army (2nd Lt., 1927; Lt., 1930; Capt., 1937; Maj., 1940); married 23 March 1938, Julia Ysobel (1910-94) (who m2, 6 August 1947, Frederick John Randolph Coleridge CBE DSO), youngest daughter of Lt-Col. Arthur Llewellyn OBE of Wribbenhall, Bewdley (Worcs), and had issue one daughter; died 2 June 1940 of wounds received the previous day at Dunkirk; buried at Dunkirk Town Cemetery but also commemorated by a memorial plaque at Glympton; will proved 26 May 1941 (estate £1,407);
(3) Daphne Helena Barnett (1910-96), born 16 August 1910; married 29/30 October 1936 at Glympton, Maj. John Edward Stanes Chamberlayne (1910-94) of Chipping Norton (Oxon), son of Col. Edward Tankerville Chamberlayne DSO of Witherley Hall (Warks), and had issue two children; died 17 August 1996; will proved 30 October 1996;
(4) Maj. Benjamin George Barnett (1912-88) (q.v.); 
(5) Rev. (Jessica Dorothy) Anne Barnett (1918-2000), born 5 October 1918; ordained deacon in Kenya, c.1966; the first female curate in England when appointed at Halifax (Yorks WR) in 1973; retired 1988; lived latterly at Hoggrove House, Woodstock; died unmarried, 11 May 2000; will proved 23 August 2000.
He inherited Glympton Park from his father in 1907.
He died 8 October and was buried at Glympton, 11 October 1942; his will was proved 27 February 1943 (estate £51,494). His widow died 26 June and was buried at Glympton, 30 June 1946; her will was proved 12 September 1946 (estate £7,729).

Benjamin George Barnett (1912-98)
Barnett, Maj. Benjamin George (1912-98). Second, but only surviving, son of George Henry Barnett (1880-1942) and his wife Mary Dorothea Baker, born 5 December 1912. An officer in the Oxfordshire Yeomanry from 1936 (2nd Lt., 1936; Lt., 1939; Capt., 1939; Maj., 1946), who served in France in 1940 and 1944-45; appointed MBE, 1945. Stockbroker in Oxford. High Sheriff of Oxfordshire, 1969-70; Chairman of Oxfordshire Playing Fields Association. He married, 28 July 1943, Delia (1916-2006), elder daughter of Maj. Sir Algernon Thomas Peyton, 7th bt. and had issue:
(1) David John Wheate Barnett (b. 1946), born 16 February 1946; educated at Eton; chartered surveyor and sheep farmer at Purston Manor (Northants); married, Jul-Sept 1971, Annabel M. Owen (b. 1950) and had issue;
(2) Charles Henry Barnett (b. 1948), born 15 July 1948; educated at Eton; chief executive of Aintree and later Ascot Racecourses; lives at Erbistock (Denbighs.); married, Jul-Sept 1978, Georgina R. Greig, and had issue one son and two daughters;
(3) Rosemary Dorothea Barnett (b. 1953), born 13 April 1953; caterer in London.
He inherited Glympton Park from his father in 1942 but sold the 1,250 acre estate in 1944 and lived subsequently at Swifts House, Stoke Lyne (Oxon).
He died 25 September 1998; his will was proved 21 January 1999. His widow died 8 September 2006; her will was proved 1 March 2007.

Principal sources

Burke's Landed Gentry, 1965, pp. 47-49; H. Barnett, Glympton: the history of an Oxfordshire manor, 1923;  J. Sherwood & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Oxfordshire, 1974, p. 613; VCH Oxfordshire, vol. 11, 1983, pp. 120-31; A. Brooks & J. Sherwood, The buildings of England: Oxfordshire - North and West, 2017, pp. 332-33; ODNB entry on Curtis Barnett (1696-1746).

Location of archives

No significant accumulation of family papers is known to survive.
Barnett, Commander Curtis (1696-1746): letter book, 1744-46 [National Maritime Museum, Greenwich AND/8]
Barnett, Dame Mary Henrietta (1905-85): scrapbooks, 1940-60 [Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, Kings College, London]
Barnett, Hoare, Hanbury & Lloyd, bankers: business records, 1774-1884 [Lloyds Banking Group Archives

Coat of arms

None recorded

Can you help?

  • I have been unable to locate a view of Glympton Park before its remodelling c.1846, and would be most grateful if anyone can supply one. I have also not seen illustrations of the interior of any period, and would again be grateful for any such views.
  • I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
  • As always, any additions or corrections to the account given above will be gratefully received and incorporated.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 6 December 2019.

Sunday, 1 December 2019

(398) Barnes of Great Duryard

Barnes of Great Duryard
Britain's larger provincial towns were once surrounded by villas set in carefully designed settings, which were built for the accommodation of successful townsmen who wanted and could afford more space and light and better air than was available in the town itself, or for the local landed gentry whose connection with the town made a comfortable pied-a-terre nearby desirable. It is a characteristic of these villas that they usually changed hands quite frequently, in contrast with true country houses which exhibit much more stable patterns of ownership. For that reason, they rarely meet the criteria for appearing in these pages, but Great Duryard, on the northern outskirts of Exeter, is an exception in that it was held by members of the Cross family for nearly a century after 1760, and then by the Barnes family from 1853 to 1919.

The Barnes family seem to have been members of the small but rapidly growing middle class in Devon as far back as they can be traced, which is to Frederick Barnes, who was a physician in Colyton in the early 18th century. His son, the Ven. Ralph Barnes (c.1732-1820), with whom the genealogy below begins, was sent to Oxford, entered the church, and almost at once found himself on the 'fast track' to promotion represented by appointment as chaplain to his bishop. A Cathedral canonry followed, in 1775 he was made Archdeacon of Totnes, and in 1794 he was appointed Chancellor of the diocese. He seems actually to have lived at Harberton, where he was also the incumbent for more than forty years.

The Archdeacon had a large family who also went on to have interesting and varied careers. Three of his sons followed him into the church, Frederick (1771-1859) becoming Sub-Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; Theophilus (1775-1855) becoming rector of Castleford (Yorks WR) for more than fifty years and also a prebendary of York Minster; while the youngest of the three, George (1782-1847), also became an archdeacon, at first in India and later in Devon. Ralph Barnes (1781-1869) was a lawyer and antiquarian, while the youngest son, Samuel Barnes (1784-1858) became a surgeon and oculist in Exeter. Samuel, who was prominent in the city not only in medical and public health matters but also in bodies such as the Devon & Exeter Institution, married in 1815 but produced only one son and two daughters. The son was William Barnes (1817-92), who was educated at Winchester and Oxford and then joined the Exeter bank (Sanders & Co.) as a partner in 1839. Although none of the family had been directly involved in the bank before, there was a strong family connection as one of the Archdeacon's daughters married Charles Rogers Sanders (1772-1836), a partner in the firm, in 1803. William remained a partner in the bank until his death in 1892, and in 1867 also brought his eldest son, William Barnes (1843-86) into the firm, but William junior predeceased his father. This no doubt upset the bank's succession planning, and in 1901 they merged with another local firm, Milford Snow & Co., to found Sanders, Snow & Co, which operated for only about a year before being taken over by a larger London firm as part of the general Edwardian move towards consolidation of the banking sector.

William Barnes (1817-92) bought Great Duryard in 1853 and lived there for the rest of his life. His surviving sons having moved away from Exeter, he left the property in the care of his executors until his grandson, William Carnegie Barnes (1876-1967) should come of age. They tried to sell the house in 1892-93 but failed, and it was let to Capt. Herbert Terry, a retired Inspector of Constabulary. When he died, the widow of William Barnes junior and her family occupied the house for a while, but when W.C. Barnes married in 1903 a further unsuccessful attempt was made to sell the house. Further tenants followed, and not until 1919 was the freehold finally sold. W.C. Barnes himself seems to have moved home fairly frequently, which probably indicates that he was leasing his houses, rather than buying them, although after the Second World War he lived at Hayne Manor, Stowford (Devon), which he may have purchased.

Great Duryard, Exeter, Devonshire

Great Duryard (alias Thomas Hall), Exeter: the house since restoration as the Exeter Steiner Academy.
One of the largest villas built by Exeter merchants on the rising ground above the Cowley Bridge Road and the River Exe north of the city centre. The area known as Duryard had originally been a hunting park of the Anglo-Saxon kings, but was given to the city of Exeter by King Athelstan in the 10th century. A house existed on this site by 1604 and the attractive situation seems to have meant that its occupants were prominent citizens, even though it remained quite small, being taxed on just four hearths in 1674, and apparently roofed with thatch. The house was probably updated after Thomas Bury, an Exeter merchant, bought it in 1700. His house was built on a U-shaped plan, with the two wings facing south, and parts of the roof and attic, some panelling and chimneypieces are said to survive from this period. In 1760 the house was bought by Richard Cross, who altered it again, creating the staircase hall and the music room in the west wing, which can be dated to 1771 from the date on the rainwater hoppers. 
Great Duryard: the estate as shown on the OS 6" map of 1890.
In 1806, Great Duryard was called 'an elegant villa, on an elevated situation, surrounded with pleasure grounds, and well wooded', a description which tallies well enough with the appearance of the house on the 1st edition 6" map of 1890. It was advertised to let in 1807, when it contained three reception rooms in addition to the large music room. Another letting advertisement in 1816 refers more specifically to 'a vestibule, entrance hall, dining, breakfast and drawing rooms, a library and six good bedrooms'.

After the house was sold in 1853 to William Barnes, an Exeter banker, it was again remodelled. A new Bath stone service wing was added on the east side, a fussy balustraded Doric porch was added to the front, canted and semi-circular bays were built out on the ends of the wings and on the west front, and plate glass sashes replaced multi-pane sashes throughout the house. Inside, the music room and some other rooms were redecorated in a Victorian version of the Adam style. In a garden wall is a porch hood with plaster reliefs of weapons, which it seems likely was the original hood over the front door.

The house was purchased by the University of Exeter in 1936 with funds given by a Cornish solicitor, C.V. Thomas, and converted into a hall of residence by the University's architect, Sir William Holford. To commemorate the benefaction, the name of the building was changed to Thomas Hall, the name by which it was known until the hall of residence was closed in 2003. The building then stood empty with limited maintenance until it was restored and repurposed as part of the Exeter Steiner Academy, which opened in 2016.

Descent: Henry Walker (fl. 1674); to Endymion Walker (fl. 1683); sold 1700 to Thomas Bury... sold 1760 to Richard Cross ... to Francis Cross (1771-1846); sold 1853 to William Barnes (1817-92); to grandson, William Carnegie Barnes (1876-1967), who sold 1919 to Walter Richard Haighton Chappel (d. 1928); sold after his death to Frederick C. Hunter; sold 1936 to Exeter University; sold 2015 to Exeter Steiner Academy.

Barnes family of Great Duryard

Ven. Ralph Barnes (1731-1820)
Barnes, Ven. Ralph (c.1732-1820). Eldest son of Frederick Barnes of Colyton (Devon), physician, and his wife, about 1732. Educated at Christ Church and St. Edmund Hall, Oxford (matriculated 1749; BA 1757; MA 1760). Ordained deacon, 1757 and priest, 1758. Domestic chaplain to successive Bishops of Exeter from 1765; vicar of Harberton (Devon), 1776-1820, Upottery (Devon), 1780-93 and vicar of Heavitree (Devon), 1807-20; prebendary of Exeter Cathedral from 1769 and canon residentiary from 1772; Archdeacon of Totnes, 1775-1820; Chancellor of the Diocese of Exeter, 1794-1820. Appearances to the contrary notwithstanding, he is said to have been of 'a kind and cheerful temper, with an intelligent mind, graced by sound and classical learning, sincere, undeviating in integrity, and uniformly guided by rules of true Christian charity'. He married, 30 April 1770 at St Paul, Exeter, Ann (1742-1822), daughter of Theophilus Blackall, and had issue:
(1) Rev. Frederick Barnes (1771-1859), born 9 June and baptised at St. Merryn (Cornw.), 6 July 1771; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1790; BA 1794; MA 1797; BD 1805; DD 1810); Canon and Sub-Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, 1810-59; married, 26 July 1808 at St Augustine-the-Less, Bristol, Elizabeth (1774-1845), daughter of Thomas Coulson, and had issue two sons and five daughters; buried at Christ Church, Oxford, 26 August 1859; will proved 4 October 1859 (effects under £25,000);
(2) Laura Barnes (1773-1862), baptised at Exeter Cathedral, 28 January 1773; married, 1 September 1806, John Blackall (1771-1860) and had issue four sons; died 6 January 1862;
(3) Henry Barnes (b. 1774), born 13 April and baptised at St Merryn (Cornwall), 9 May 1774; died young before 1782;
(4) Rev. Theophilus Barnes (1775-1855), baptised at Exeter Cathedral, 9 September 1775; educated at Exeter College, Oxford (matriculated 1791; Fellow, 1794; BA & MA 1798); ordained deacon, 1798 and priest, 1799; rector of St Petrock, Exeter, 1798-1803; rector of Castleford (Yorks WR), 1803-55 and Stonegrave (Yorks NR), 1815-55; prebendary of York Minster, 1826-55; married, 2 May 1815 at Saxton-in-Elmet (Yorks), Charlotte (1788-1847), daughter of Thomas Davison Bland, and had issue two daughters; died 9 February and was buried at Castleford, 16 February 1855; will proved in the PCC, 19 March 1855;
(5) Ann Barnes (1776-1868), baptised at Exeter Cathedral, 6 December 1776; died unmarried, aged 91, on 20 February 1868;
(6) Mary Barnes (1778-1811), baptised at Exeter Cathedral, 21 July 1778; married, 3 May 1803 at Exeter Cathedral, Charles Rogers Sanders (1772-1836), banker and partner in Sanders & Co., the Exeter bank, son of Joseph Sanders, banker, and had issue four sons and two daughters; died 31 August 1811;
(7) Elizabeth Barnes (c.1779-1863), born 1779/80; died unmarried, 7 April 1863; will proved 24 October 1863 (effects under £7,000);
(8) Ralph Barnes (1781-1869), born 14 July and baptised at Harberton, 4 September 1781; admitted a solicitor, 1802, and at the time of his death was said to be oldest practising solicitor in England; clerk to the dean and chapter of Exeter Cathedral, bishop's secretary and deputy registrar of the diocese, 1831-69; as an antiquarian he was editor of the Liber pontificalis of Edmund Lacy, bishop of Exeter, 1847; married, 1 June 1809 at St Sidwell, Exeter, Augusta Charlotte (1787-1847), daughter of John Andrew, and had issue five sons and five daughters; died 22 February 1869;
(9) Ven. George Barnes (1782-1847), born 11 December 1782; educated at Exeter College, Oxford (matriculated 1799; BA 1803; Fellow, 1805; MA 1806; BD 1814; DD 1818); ordained priest, 1808; rector of St Mary Major, Exeter, 1809-14; inaugural Archdeacon of Bombay, 1816-30, and of Barnstaple, 1830-47; said to have declined being appointed Bishop of Calcutta when in India; married, 19 August 1817 at Bombay (India), Harriet Maria Rivett-Carnac (1800-80), and had issue four sons and six daughters; died 29 June 1847;
(10) Samuel Barnes (1784-1858) (q.v.);
(11) Philippa Barnes (1786-1801), baptised at Harberton, 12 July 1786; died young, 20 August and was buried at Exeter Cathedral, 24 August 1801;
(12) Charlotte Barnes (1790-94), said to have been born 4 April 1790; died young 2 May and buried at Harberton, 5 May 1794.
He died 20 May and was buried in Exeter Cathedral, 27 May 1820; his will was proved 26 July 1820. His wife died 12 February and was buried in Exeter Cathedral, 19 February 1822.

Barnes, Samuel (1784-1858). Sixth and youngest son of Ven. Ralph Barnes (c.1732-1820), Archdeacon of Totnes and Chancellor of Exeter Cathedral and his wife Ann, daughter of Theophilus Blackall, baptised at Exeter Cathedral, 17 December 1784. Educated at Exeter Grammar School. Oculist and surgeon in Exeter; oculist to West of England Eye Infirmary from 1808; Consulting Physician at the Devon & Exeter Hospital; Chairman of the Exeter Water Company; Secretary of the Devon & Exeter Institution. He married, 14 December 1815 at Littleham (Devon), Juliana (1796-1870), daughter of William Speke of Jordans (Somerset), and had issue:
(1) William Barnes (1817-92) (q.v.);
(2) Frances Mary Barnes (1818-35), baptised at St Stephen, Exeter, 29 September 1818; died young, 27 January 1835;
(3) Juliana Speke Barnes (1821-73), baptised at St Stephen, Exeter, 4 May 1821; married, Jul-Sept 1846, Lt-Col. Charles Kitson (1814-60), but had no issue; died 2 July 1873; will proved 15 August 1873 (effects under £12,000).
He lived in Exeter.
He died 22 December and was buried at Clyst St. Mary (Devon), 29 December 1858; his will was proved 19 February 1859 (effects under £45,000). His wife died 28 November 1870; her will was proved 28 January 1871 (effects under £25,000).

Barnes, William (1817-92). Only son of Samuel Barnes (d. 1858) and his wife Juliana, daughter of William Speke of Jordans (Somerset), born 25 January and baptised at St. Stephen, Exeter, 15 April 1817. Educated at Winchester and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1835; BA 1839; MA 1865). Partner in Sanders & Co., the Exeter Bank, from 1839. JP for Devon. Mayor of Exeter, 1862-63; Chairman of Exeter School Board. A Conservative in politics. He married, 2 July 1840 at Haseley (Oxon), Lucy (1822-50), fifth daughter of Walter Long esq. of Preshaw (Hants), and had issue:
(1) Lucy Georgiana Barnes (1841-81), born 11 June 1841; died unmarried, 13 April 1881; administration of her goods granted to her father, 6 May 1881 (effects under £4,000);
(2) Frances Mary Barnes (1842-1925), born 4 October 1842; married, 10 September 1872 at St David, Exeter, Rev. John Myddleton Beynon MA (1835-1909), rector of Llanvaches (Monmouths.) and had issue two sons and one daughter; died 13 August 1925; will proved 3 December 1925 (estate £2,194);
(3) William Barnes (1843-86) (q.v.);
(4) Samuel Barnes (1845-94), born 16 November 1845; educated at Westminster School; articled to Arthur Burch & Sons of Exeter, solicitors, but was unable to practice as a solicitor as he developed tuberculosis; died unmarried in London, 28 June 1894, and was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery, 4 July 1894;
(5) Rev. George Edward Barnes (1847-1923), born 26 March 1847; educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1866; BA 1870; MA 1873); ordained deacon, 1871 and priest, 1872; rector of Somerton (Oxon), 1875-1923; Vice-President of Oxford Archaeological Soc.; one of the last of the hunting parsons; married, 7 January 1886 at Holy Trinity, Brompton (Middx), Miss Elizabeth Mary Diana (1844-1936), only daughter of William Long of Wrington (Som.), and had issue one son; died 23 June and was buried at Somerset, 27 June 1923; will proved October 1923 (estate £21,550);
(6) Rev. Walter Ralph Barnes (1849-1922), born 16 January 1849; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1867; SCL and BA, 1871; MA 1879); ordained deacon, 1877 and priest, 1878; curate of Charlwood (Surrey), 1877-80, Barley (Herts), 1880-82 and Cowley chapel, Exeter, 1888; died in London, 28 May 1922; will proved 1 July 1922 (estate £369).
He purchased Great Duryard in the 1850s, and was no doubt responsible for the Victorian additions and alterations to the house.
He died 21 January and was buried at Clyst St Mary (Devon), 26 January 1892; his will proved 10 December 1892 (estate £100,958). His wife died as a result of complications following a stillbirth on 17 July, and was buried at Clyst St Mary, 23 July 1850.

Barnes, William (1843-86). Eldest son of William Barnes (1817-92) and his wife Lucy, fifth daughter of Walter Long of Preshaw (Hants), born 29 November 1843. Educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1862). Banker; partner in Sanders & Co., the Exeter Bank, 1867-86. He married, 6 October 1874 at Upham (Hants), his first cousin, Jessie Annie (1853-1946), fifth daughter of Walter Jervis Long of Preshaw (Hants), and had issue:
(1) Jessie Georgina Barnes (1875-76), born 5 August 1875; died in infancy, 19 May 1876;
(2) William Carnegie Barnes (1876-1967) (q.v.).
(3) Reginald Speke Barnes (1878-1924)*, born 22 February 1878; educated at Wellington College and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1898); schoolmaster; served in First World War with Royal Fusiliers (Private; invalided out with TB, 1916); married, 22 April 1908 at St Philip, Kensington (Middx), Sylvia Carnegie Long (1880-1932) and had issue two sons and one daughter; died 14 April, and was buried at Stratton (Cornwall), 16 April 1924;
(4) Ernest Francis Barnes (1880-1968) of Throwleigh (Devon), born 29 August 1880; served in First World War (Lt., 1918); married, 27 April 1911 at All Saints, Notting Hill (Middx), Geraldine Catharine Ann (1870-1950), midwife, daughter of Rev. Thomas Henry Trickey Dening; died 29 February 1968; will proved 8 April 1968 (estate £57,736);
(5) Muriel Barnes (1882-1976), born 31 May 1882; married, 18 April 1907 at St Stephen, South Kensington (Middx), Capt. Hugh Griffin Tyler (1881-1953) of Cleddon House, Trelleck (Monmouths.), son of George Griffin Tyler (later Griffin) of Newton Court (Monmouths.), and had issue six sons; died aged 93 at St Peter's Convent, Maybury Hill, Woking (Surrey), 19 February 1976; will proved 25 May 1976 (estate £4,768).
He lived at The Grove, Exeter.
He died in the lifetime of his father, 27 March, and was buried at Clyst St Mary (Devon), 31 March 1886; his will was proved 5 May 1886 (effects £1,867). His widow died aged 93 on 22 June 1946.
* He needs to be carefully distinguished from an apparently unrelated man of the same name who was a captain in the Suffolk Regiment in the First World War and played tennis at Wimbledon before and after that conflict.

Barnes, William Carnegie (1876-1967). Eldest son of William Barnes (1843-86) and his wife Jessie Annie, fifth daughter of Walter Jervis Long of Preshaw (Hants), born 18 September 1876. Educated at Winchester and Christ Church, Oxford. An officer in the Royal 1st Devon Yeomanry Cavalry (2nd Lt., 1899; Lt., 1902; retired; returned to colours as 2nd Lt., 1915; Lt. and T/Capt by 1917). He 
married, 4 February 1903 at Kenton (Devon), Gladys Mary (1879-1963), daughter of Edward Fairfax Studd of Oxton House (Devon), and had issue:
(1) Gladys Evelyn Vesta Clemency Barnes (1905-77), born 18 January 1905; married, 22 April 1931 at Kenton (Devon), Gp-Capt. Patrick George Chichester RAF (1901-83) and had issue one son and three daughters; died 3 February 1977; will proved 2 May 1977 (estate £5,896);
(2) William Anthony Fairfax Barnes (1907-35), born 16 March 1907; died at Springs, Transvaal (South Africa), 9 January 1935; educated at Sherborne School, RMC Sandhurst, and Camborne School of Mines; an officer in the Lincolnshire Regiment (2nd Lt.; retired); employed by a subsidiary of Consolidated Gold Mines in South Africa; died of blood poisoning; will proved 5 April 1935 (estate £1,088);
(3) Victoria Olga Felicity Barnes (1914-2009), born 21 December 1914; married, 16 April 1938 at Woodbury (Devon), Cmdr. John Hopkinson RN (1911-77), only son of Rev. J.H. Hopkinson of Poltimore (Devon); died aged 94 on 12 March 2009; will proved 4 November 2009.
He inherited Great Duryard from his grandfather, but mostly let it until he finally sold it about 1918. He lived in and around Exeter for much of his life but latterly at Hayne Manor (Devon).
He died aged 90 on 18 March 1967; his will was proved 15 May 1967 (estate £3,559). His wife died in Oct-Dec 1963. 

Principal sources

Burke's Landed Gentry, 1876, i, p.87; B. Cherry & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Devon, 2nd edn., 1989, p. 407; H. Meller, The country houses of Devon, 2015, pp. 991-92; C. Nicol, Inheriting the Earth: the Long family's 500 year reign in Wiltshire, 2016, pp. 267-70.

Location of archives

No significant accumulation is known to survive.

Coat of arms

Azure, three leopards' faces, argent.

Can you help?

  • I have not been able to trace any early views of Great Duryard, and I wonder if any reader can supply me with a picture of the house before 1936 which could be used above, or a drawing or engraving showing it before the Victorian alterations?
  • I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
  • As always, any additions or corrections to the account given above will be gratefully received and incorporated.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 1 December 2019.

Wednesday, 27 November 2019

(397) Barneby of Brockhampton Park, Saltmarshe Castle and Longworth Hall

Barneby of Brockhampton
The Barnebys of Brockhampton claimed to be descended from a junior branch of the medieval Barnby family of Barnby Hall (Yorks ER), but the earliest certain ancestor seems to be Thomas Barneby of Ludlow, who was Treasurer to King Edward IV and was killed at the Battle of Towton in 1461. He married Isabella, the daughter and heiress of Thomas Whitgreave of Bockleton (Worcs), who brought him an estate at Bockleton called The Hill, and also the manor of Leysters. The Hill (often referred to as The Hull) remained the home of his descendants for several generations. His great-grandson, another Thomas Barneby (d. 1572), married Joyce, the daughter and heir of Walter Acton of Acton Hall in Ombersley (Worcs), and they had a large family of eight sons and four daughters. The eldest son, Richard Barneby (d. 1597), with whom the genealogy below begins, inherited the Bockleton estate in 1572 and by 1580 he had a 'new mansionhouse' at The Hill, which survives (with later alterations) as the present Hill Farmhouse. Acton Hall went in 1572 to one of Richard's younger brothers, Charles Barneby, who later gave or sold it to Richard, and Richard acquired a third estate through his marriage to Mary Habington, who was the daughter and eventual co-heir of Richard Habington of Brockhampton (Herefs).

Although The Hill seems to have remained Richard's home until his death, and although he was buried at Bockleton, he evidently viewed Brockhampton as being the greater prize, since he bequeathed the latter to his eldest son, while his second son, William Barneby (d. 1626), inherited the Bockleton and Acton Hall properties. William was succeeded in both these estates by his son John Barneby (d. 1640) and grandson, Sir John Barneby (1621-1701), kt., but Sir John sold Acton Hall in 1649 and although he retained the Bockleton property he did not live there but in a house at Canon Pyon (Herefs). It was probably at this time that The Hill declined into a farmhouse. Sir John was succeeded in turn by his sons, Nicholetts (1644-1707) and John (1645-1710), after which his heirs sold it to the Baldwyn family, who were lords of Bockleton manor.

The Brockhampton estate included a fine and recently improved manor house which became the seat of Richard's eldest son, Robert Barneby (c.1555-1634) and his descendants through four generations, passing from Robert to his son, Thomas Barneby (c.1586-c.1658), and then to John Barneby (c.1614-84), Richard Barneby (1644-1720), and lastly John Barneby (1684-1731), who died without issue. On John's death, the property passed to his sister's second son, Bartholomew Richard Lutley (1714-83), on condition that he took the name of Barneby, which he did by a private Act of Parliament in 1736. In 1745 Bartholomew's elder brother, Jenks Lutley, died without issue, and Bartholomew then also inherited the Lutley family property in Shropshire and at Hallow (Worcs), and he had a further accession of fortune in 1756 when he married Betty Freeman, the daughter of John Freeman of Gaines (Herefs), who brought him a dowry of £3,000 and a further legacy on her father's death in 1764. This succession of windfalls left Bartholomew with the means to replace the old manor house at Brockhampton, which must have felt very small, old-fashioned and uncomfortable by 1765. He and his wife commissioned an elegant new house on a new site at Brockhampton with fine views to the east and south, and also enclosed a park around it, although plans for landscaping the grounds in 1769 were not carried out. Their architect was Thomas Farnolls Pritchard of Shrewsbury, who had a regional practice of some significance in the mid 18th century, and who also worked for Betty Barneby's brother at Gaines, a few miles away.

Bartholomew Barneby died in 1783 and his wife Betty two years later, and the Brockhampton estate passed to their eldest son, John Barneby (1757-1817). He and his wife had three sons and one daughter, all of whom ended up owning country houses. The daughter, Elizabeth Barneby (1793-1852) married Robert Biddulph Phillipps (d. 1864) of Longworth Hall, Lugwardine (Herefs). The eldest son, John Barneby (1799-1846) inherited Brockhampton. The second, William Barneby (1801-57) married the daughter of his uncle, Richard Barneby (1769-1830) of Clater Park, a property adjoining the Brockhampton estate, and thus inherited that estate. The third son, Edmund Barneby (1802-71) inherited the Saltmarshe Castle estate, to the north-east of Bromyard, which was the property of his maternal great-uncle, William Higginson (d. 1812). The condition of this inheritance was that Edmund took the name Higginson, which he did when he came of age. It is said that William Higginson originally intended to make Edmund's elder brother William (who had been named after him) his heir, but changed his mind when he caught sight in a mirror of young William pulling faces at him behind his back!

Edmund Barneby (later Higginson) (1802-71) inherited not only Saltmarshe, but also a very substantial personal estate, which was no doubt only increased by his long minority. As a result, he was in a position not only to build a new Tudor Gothic mansion (which he built in two phases c.1830 and c.1850 and called Saltmarshe Castle), but also to accumulate one of the finest collections of pictures assembled in England in the 19th century.
John Constable's 'Hay Wain', part of the collection at Saltmarshe Castle in 1842.
He was, however, unmarried and without issue, and when he died he left his estate to his brother William's only son, William Barneby (1846-95), who also inherited Clater Park on the death of his mother the following year. Edmund did not, however, leave his personal fortune to William; this was divided between the two sons of John Barneby (1799-1846) of Brockhampton, whom Edmund had brought up after the death of their parents. Both Saltmarshe and Clater Park descended to William Barneby's elder son, William Theodore Barneby (1873-1946), who sold the outlying portions of the Saltmarshe estate in 1919. The remainder of the property passed on his death to his nephew, Thomas Philip Barneby (1908-72), who completed the dispersal of the property in the early 1950s, and Saltmarshe Castle was pulled down in 1953.

The Brockhampton estate descended from John Barneby (1799-1846) to his elder son, John Habington Barneby (1840-1906), who came of age in 1861. For reasons which are unclear, he decided to readopt the name Lutley as an additional surname in 1864. He made some aesthetically unfortunate alterations to the house at Brockhampton at much the same time, although fortunately his restoration of the old manor house under J.C. Buckler in the 1870s was more sympathetic. After his death, the estate passed to his son, Lt-Col. John Talbot Lutley (1873-1946), who never married, and who lived at Brockhampton with his four sisters, three of whom likewise remained single. At his death, he bequeathed the estate to the National Trust, which valued the landscape and views of the park, and the picturesque qualities of the old manor house, but found neither use nor tenant for the Georgian house, which rapidly decayed. A proposal to turn the house and its outbuildings into flats was accepted in the 1960s but only the service wing and stables were actually converted. The main block of the house was leased to an insurance company in the 1980s and well restored, before being taken on by a private tenant in 1996 who completed its return to domestic use; it remains let.

The younger son of John Barneby (1799-1846) was William Henry Barneby (1843-1914). When he came of age he inherited a £10,000 trust fund under his father's will, and in the same year, he inherited the Longworth Hall estate from his uncle, Robert Biddulph Phillipps. He also received half the personal fortune of his uncle and guardian, Edmund Higginson, in 1872. In the year he came of age he bought Bredenbury Court (Herefs.), where he lived in preference to Longworth until 1898. He then sold it and moved to Brockington Grange, Bredenbury, which his wife had inherited. The Longworth estate was mostly let during his ownership, but after his death his son, Richard Hicks Barneby (1875-1923) occupied it, while his mother remained at Brockington. Richard's son and heir, Lt-Col. Henry Habington Barneby (1909-95), was a minor when his father died, and his trustees sold Longworth soon afterwards to Sir John Fox Dillon (d. 1925), 8th bt., who was a refugee from the Irish troubles. Brockington Grange was also sold after his grandmother's death in 1933. As a result, when Col. Barneby was planning his retirement from the army, he had no Herefordshire home. His family lived in Jamaica for a number of years in the early 1950s, but in 1954 he bought Llanerch-y-Coed at Dorstone (Herefs), where he seems to have lived until his death.

Lower Brockhampton House, Brockhampton-by-Bromyard, Herefordshire

A timber-framed manor house dating from the early 15th century, set within a moat in a valley just beyond the northern edge of the 18th century park of Brockhampton House. Close analysis of the site suggests that there was an earlier manor house here, set on a larger moated platform which extended further to the north. When the present manor house was built, the moat is thought to have been reshaped as part of a carefully planned landscaping that was intended to provide an effective visual setting for the house. This involved making the house platform smaller and the moat broader on the south-east side, so that the house was seen across it from the principal approach; and forming a subsidiary moated platform to the north-east of the site, which may have contained a dovecote. West of the house, and beyond the encircling moat, stands the ruin of a late Norman chapel, built of stone, with 13th century lancet windows in the chancel and a three-light east window in Perpendicular style, which is perhaps roughly contemporary with the house. This was abandoned in the post-medieval period and used as a barn.

Lower Brockhampton House: the house and gatehouse from the south, seen across the moat. Image: DeFacto. Some rights reserved.

The house is now approached through an extremely picturesque semi-timbered gatehouse that spans the (partially infilled) moat. Tree-ring dating shows the timbers of the gatehouse were felled in 1542-43, so it was probably built around 1545. The gatehouse has close-set uprights with a little diagonal bracing and square angle-posts with moulded capitals. The oversailing upper floor originally stood on thin twisted shafts of which some traces remain. The original studded door survives, and incorporates an unusually low wicket-gate. The gables are decorated with bargeboards with vine-trails, which now date partly from 19th-20th century restorations.

Lower Brockhampton House: view from the south-west, showing the brick chimney of c.1700, the hall range, and the eastern cross-wing. 
Image: DeFacto. Some rights reserved.
The house itself was probably built for John Domulton, who is said to have inherited it in right of his wife in 1403. Dating of timber samples from the hall and cross-wing suggested construction between about 1415 and 1425. Today the house consists of a hall range and a cross-wing to its east; the balancing western cross-wing, of which buried foundations are said to remain, is thought to have been taken down in about 1700, when the west end of the hall block was rebuilt in brick. The hall range has simple square box-framing, but the cross-wing is more ornate, with close-set studding on the first floor and bargeboards decorated with foliage trails. The upper room in this wing was no doubt the solar, and it retains a fine open roof with cusped wind-braces. There are brick chimneys of c.1700 at both the east and west ends of the house. 

Lower Brockhampton House: the house from the north-east showing the addition of c.1700 and, in the background, the Norman chapel. 
Image: Philip Halling. Some rights reserved.
Lower Brockhampton House: plan by J.C. Buckler of the house at the time of his restoration
in 1871. Image: The National Trust.
A new service area was created in the 16th century in the angle between the hall and the cross-wing, and in about 1700 the cross-wing was extended to the north in brick which seems consistent with that of the chimney-stacks; it is thought that this extension reincorporated into the house some outbuildings which were themselves fragments of the previous medieval manor house. Inside, the house was remodelled in the 17th century, when an upper floor was inserted into the hall, and the south room of the cross-wing was converted into a parlour: some panelling and a fragment of its moulded plaster ceiling survive. In the 18th century, following the building of Brockhampton House, the Barneby family moved out of Lower Brockhampton, which was used subsequently as a farmhouse. 

In 1871, J.C. Buckler oversaw an antiquarian restoration for J.H. Barneby-Lutley, which took out the inserted floor in the hall and constructed a new gallery above the screens passage at its east end. The house was included in the gift of the Brockhampton estate to the National Trust in 1946, and there have been further restorations for the Trust by Alexander Graham in 1952, by Stainburn Taylor in 2000, and in 2010, when the semi-timbered parts of the house and gatehouse were limewashed.

Descent: John Domulton; to son, Philip Domulton... Elizabeth Domulton, wife of William Habington... Richard Habington (d. 1545); to daughters, of whom Mary married Richard Barneby (d. 1597); to son, Robert Barneby (c.1555-1634) to son, Thomas Barneby (c.1586-c.1658); to son, John Barneby (c.1614-84); to son, Richard Barneby (1644-1720); to son, John Barneby (1684-1731); to nephew, Bartholomew Richard Lutley (later Barneby) (1713-83); to son, John Barneby (1757-1817); to son, John Barneby (1799-1846); to son, John Habington Barneby (later Barneby Lutley), (1840-1906); to son, John Talbot Lutley (1873-1946), who bequeathed it to The National Trust.

Brockhampton House, Brockhampton-by-Bromyard, Herefordshire

A red brick house, built for Bartholomew Richard Barneby (1717-83) in about 1765 on the site of an earlier farmhouse (which was confusingly called The Hill, the same name as the family's property at Bockleton), parts of which were evidently retained and incorporated into the service wing at the rear. The new house was designed by Thomas Farnolls Pritchard (1723-77), who worked simultaneously at Gaines (Herefs) for Barneby's brother-in-law, and it is almost identical to Hatton Grange (Shrops.), which is a documented Pritchard house. The attribution is clinched by the fact that there are three designs for chimneypieces for 'Esq. Barneby' in Pritchard's surviving drawing book, although, unfortunately, none of these chimneypieces survive in the house. 
Brockhampton Park: the main block of the house designed by T.F. Pritchard, c.1765, with alterations to the windows about a century later. Image: Historic England BB82/4695.

The south-facing entrance front is of seven bays and two-and-a-half storeys, with a pediment over the three bays in the middle, which are more tightly spaced than the rest and stepped very slightly forward. On the first floor the tall central window is arched, suggesting a Venetian window, and on the ground floor there is a pedimented doorcase which fits rather uncomfortably into the narrow space between the flanking windows. The left-hand return is of four bays, while the grander right-hand return, which faces an impressive view, is of five bays, with the central windows on each floor given moulded surrounds. The exterior was altered in about 1865-70, perhaps by William Chick of Hereford, who designed an unexecuted west wing in 1875. The multi-pane sash windows throughout the house were replaced with plate glass sashes and all the windows that did not have 18th century architraves were given surrounds with Corinthian capitals supported on implied pilasters of blocked rustication. This effect, which was quite remarkably ugly, was mercifully reversed when the house was restored in c.1987 by Norman Jones, sons & Rigby for the Pioneer Mutual Insurance Company.

Brockhampton Park: the end elevation as restored in the late 1980s.
Brockhampton Park: the entrance hall and staircase before restoration. Image: Historic England BB82/4696.
Inside the house, Pritchard's original layout was for a central entrance hall divided by a columned screen from a rather grand staircase which rises in one flight and returns in two. These features, and the chimneypiece in the entrance hall, all survive fairly unaltered. To the right of these central elements in the plan are the drawing room and music room, while to the left are the dining room and what is now a kitchen but may originally have been a library or study. These rooms were all wholly or partly redecorated at the time of the 1865-70 remodelling, and the only obviously original feature surviving in them is the plasterwork of the music room ceiling, which is comparable to work by Pritchard at Croft Castle (Herefs) and has as a central motif the musical notation of 'God Save the King'. The dining room has an Adamish cornice which was perhaps a late 18th century alteration. These rooms were all badly affected by dry rot in the 1950s and 1960s and the existing decoration is in part a recreation at the time of the restoration in the 1980s.

Brockhampton House: the ceiling of the music room is the most significant survival of Pritchard's interior decoration. This view shows the condition of the house before restoration. Image: Historic England BB82/4710.
Once the new house had been constructed, Bartholomew and Betty Barneby turned their attention to the setting of the house, and obtained a scheme for landscaping the park from Thomas Leggett, which is dated 1769. Leggett learned his skills working as a surveyor for William Emes, and since he worked at T.F. Pritchard's own house in Shropshire, it was no doubt Pritchard who introduced him to the Barnebys. However, although a substantial park was enclosed at Brockhampton at this time, almost nothing of his scheme seems to have been carried out: there is a lake on roughly the site he proposed but it is much smaller than he suggested, and the roughly elliptical kitchen garden does not correspond with his scheme. 

Brockhampton House: Thomas Leggett's plan for landscaping the park, 1769. Image: National Trust.
Further changes were made by later generations of the family. A new lodge was built at the south-east entrance to the park (Worcester Lodge) in about 1800, and was perhaps designed by George Byfield, who exhibited designs for a new Gothic chapel at the Royal Academy in 1799, although the building itself was not completed and consecrated until 1809. David Whitehead has suggested that John Nash, who knew John Barneby (1757-1817), may have been the eventual architect. The resulting building is a rather pretty little structure of grey stone, in a simplified Perpendicular style with a small west tower with tall octagonal pinnacles. Inside, the original fittings are remarkably well preserved, including the communion rails, lectern, college-style stalls, two-decker pulpit and west gallery.

Brockhampton House: the Gothic chapel built in 1807-09.
The park was new walled in 1817-18 and a new lodge was provided at the Bromyard gate into the park in 1850. By the mid century, the absence of a garden near the house was unfashionable, and Broderick Thomas and Alexander Roos were consulted about laying out a garden near the house in about 1865. Roos's scheme for an elaborate parterre east of the house was carried out and the outline of it can still be detected beneath the turf.

After the house was bequeathed to the National Trust, the contents were sold or transferred to other Trust properties, and the house remained empty and decaying for several decades. In the mid-1960s, Christopher Buxton took a lease on the house with a view to dividing it into flats, but his scheme was abandoned after the service wing and stables had been  converted. The main house remained in poor condition until a lease was agreed with the Pioneer Mutual Insurance Company in c.1985, after which they carried out a restoration of the ground-floor rooms and converted the upper floors to offices. In 1996 Alan Thompson took over the lease as a private tenant and the house was fully returned to domestic occupation.

Descent: built for Bartholomew Richard Lutley (later Barneby) (1713-83); to son, John Barneby (1757-1817); to son, John Barneby (1799-1846); to son, John Habington Barneby (later Barneby Lutley), (1840-1906); to son, John Talbot Lutley(1873-1946), who bequeathed it to The National Trust. Leased to Christopher Buxton (c.1966-85), Pioneer Mutual Insurance Co. (later Swiss Life Insurance) (c.1985-96) and Alan Thompson (c.1996-2011).

Clater Park, Linton, Herefordshire

Clater Park: a house of c.1740 (and perhaps earlier origins), refronted in the early 19th century. Image: Historic England BB74/2110.
There has been a house on this hilltop site since medieval times, and behind the present building is a complex of barns dating from the 17th and 18th centuries. The present house was built in about 1740 for Robert Pauncefoot (d. by 1752), attorney general to Frederick, Prince of Wales. The house seems to have been sold after Pauncefoot's death to Richard Sweeting Dansie, whose daughter married Richard Barneby (1769-1830), a younger son of Bartholomew Richard Lutley (later Barneby) of Brockhampton House, and it subsequently descended to his nephew, William Barneby (1801-57). It was probably Richard Barneby who refronted the house with ashlar in the early 19th century as a three bay, three-storey block with a Tuscan porch.

Clater Park: the staircase. Image: Historic England BB74/2112.
Inside, a remarkably large proportion of the volume of the building is occupied by an immense staircase, which must be of the 1740s, though many of the details do not look right for the date; it may have been altered in the 19th century. All the other rooms seem to be fairly small, but there is at least one good mid 18th century chimneypiece.

To the east is a brick-walled elliptical garden, similar in form to that at Brockhampton House; new gardens have recently been laid out by Mark Lutyens. A battlemented stone lodge was built on the main road in c.1830-40, but is now in separate ownership.

Descent: Grimbold Pauncefoot (fl. 1702)... Robert Pauncefoot (d. by 1752); sold?? to Richard Sweeting Dansie; to niece, Betty, wife of Richard Barneby (1769-1830); to nephew, William Barneby (1801-57); to son, William Barneby (1846-95); to son, William Theodore Barneby (1873-1946); to nephew, Thomas Philip Barneby (b. 1908), who sold 1950... Charles Moore (fl. 2015).

Saltmarshe Castle, Herefordshire

In the medieval period and later, Saltmarshe was part of the bishop of Hereford's extensive manor of Bromyard, and was held by tenants including the Mortimers and the Coningsbys, who presumably had a manor house here. Taylor's map of 1786 marks a house called Salt Marsh, which was occupied by William Higginson (d. 1812) after he bought the estate in 1799, but nothing is known about the appearance of this building, and there is no evidence to support the mid-19th century claim that there was a medieval castle here, part of which was incorporated into the later house. When Higginson died, his property passed to his great-nephew, Edmund Barneby (1802-71), and until he came of age was let to his uncle, the Rev. Thomas Barneby. Edmund took the Saltmarshe estate in hand in 1824, and the following year received royal licence to take the name of Higginson in lieu of Barneby as his great-uncle had directed. It is seems likely that he went on to build a new house in the Tudor Gothic style sometime between 1828 and 1834. It has usually been said that the castle was built in c.1845-6 by James Pickard of Shrewsbury, but a press report in the Worcestershire Chronicle for 15 August 1849 makes it clear that the house was built in two distinct stages, the second of which began in that year:
"This already fine edifice is now undergoing extensive additions and alterations from the designs and under the superintendence of Edward Haycock, Esq., of Shrewsbury. The additions include the erection of a large west wing, 130 feet long by 60 wide, with arch transom windows, a fine door and porch, and two high towers and turret; the whole in the castellated style, with rich details. The stone from Bromyard Down will be used. The first stone of the new works was laid on Wednesday evening, by Mrs. Barneby, of Brockhampton Court, who was accompanied by Master John Barneby, Edward Higginson, Esq., the worthy owner of the mansion, and Mr. Haycock, the architect."
James Pickard was assistant to Edward Haycock until 1854 when he set up on his own, and this no doubt explains how his name has come to be associated with the project. It is possible, of course, that the addition of 1849 followed very quickly on the construction of the first phase of the new house, but there is some evidence to suggest an earlier date. In 1834 Edmund Higginson ordered 'one of the most superb billiard-tables ever built in this country' in the Gothic style from John Thurston of London, which suggests he was furnishing a new house. He also bought an extensive collection of pictures formed by M. Boursault in Paris to furnish his gallery at Saltmarshe, which were sold by Christies at a three-day sale in 1846. Finally, references in the local press first refer to the house as 'Saltmarshe Castle' in 1840, which implies that it had by then achieved a baronial appearance. 

Saltmarshe Castle: the east wing in 1909. This was the earliest part of the house, built in about 1830, except for the later machicolated tower on the left and the one obviously newly inserted window.

Once one understands that the house was built in two stages, the distinction between them becomes fairly easy to spot. The first phase consisted of the east range and probably the northern service range, which does not seem to feature in any surviving photographs. This part of the house was on a smaller scale than the later work, and although highly irregular in design, incorporates some fundamentally domestic features such as the two bow windows (one square and the other canted). The design lacks form and consistency, with almost no two windows the same, and it looks like the work of an amateur or novice architect familiar with the work of Jeffry Wyatville but unable to use his architectural vocabulary to articulate a coherent elevation. 

Saltmarshe Castle: the Ordnance Survey 25" map of 1886 shows the footprint of the house, revealing the internal courtyard. The east and north ranges seem to represent the first phase of the house, the south and west ranges the extension begun in 1849.

Saltmarshe Castle: an early view of the house from the south-east. Image: Historic England BB62/49.
The second phase, for which Edward Haycock was responsible, consisting of the south front and west wing, more than doubled the size of the house, and included the machicolated tower to which the composition of the south front builds up and the big square tower at the south-west corner of the house. Here the scale is larger, the forms are bolder and clearer, and the result is a much more satisfactory overall effect. Little is known about the interior of the house, for which no plan seems to survive, but it seems probable that the principal reception rooms were in the later part of the house. They included a great dining room (built as the picture gallery) with a high timber-vaulted ceiling, and an immense drawing room with a heavily beamed ceiling.

Saltmarshe Castle: the dining room, built as the picture gallery. Image: Historic England BB74/2104.
A park was formed around the house in the early 19th century and three lodges were built in the 1840s: battlemented ones echoing the style of the house along the B4203, and a simpler octagonal lodge to the north-east. Later generations of the family seem to have made few changes to the house, and during the ownership of William Theodore Barneby (1873-1946) the house was let from time to time and part of the land of the estate was sold in the 1930s. Having no surviving son to inherit, the house passed on his death to his nephew, Thomas Philip Barneby, who sold the remainder of the estate in the early 1950s. The new owners demolished the house in 1953, and the only surviving remains are some crenellated garden walls, with one tall polygonal tower and a lower square one; a caravan park now occupies the site.

Descent: sold 1799 to William Higginson (d. 1812); to great-nephew, Edmund Barneby (later Higginson) (1802-71); to nephew, William Barneby (1846-95); to son, William Theodore Barneby (1873-1946); to nephew, Thomas Philip Barneby (1908-72), who sold c.1952; the house was demolished in 1953.

Longworth Hall, Lugwardine, Herefordshire

The Walwyn family owned the manor of Longford (later Longworth) from the 15th century, and their original mansion probably stood on the moated site at Old Longworth, where there was an ancient chapel. This first house, which does not seem to have been recorded, was replaced in the 18th century, probably for James Walwyn (c.1689-1766), who was MP for Hereford from 1723-27. The chapel at Old Longworth, however, continued to be maintained by the Walwyn and Phillipps families, and formed a 'picturesque object' in views outward from the grounds of the new house. In 1859-60, however, it was moved lock, stock and barrel to a site next to Bartestree Convent, where Robert Biddulph Phillipps' daughter was a nun.
Longworth Hall: the entrance front in 1988. Image: Nicholas Kingsley. Some rights reserved.

The 18th century house is said by the Buildings of England to have been erected in about 1760, but it was called 'Hanoverian' by Charles Robinson in 1872 and must, I think, have been thirty or forty years earlier than that. This house does not seem to have been recorded either, before it was remodelled and given wings to the designs of Anthony Keck in c.1785-88 for James Walwyn (1744-1800), who was also MP for Hereford. Keck's house has a centre of six bays and two-and-a-half storeys, clamped between two-storey wings with generous three-windowed bows to front and rear. Bows like this were one of the design ideas which Keck used most frequently, and the plan of Longworth can be compared with that of Hill House, Rodborough (Glos), which is roughly contemporary. Bows were useful in that they made it easy to contrive interesting and varied room-shapes within, and if a room had interest from its form, it needed less in the way of expensive interior decoration, enabling Keck to please his clients by delivering elegance on a budget. Nonetheless, what decoration there was, was done to a good standard. Keck was a joiner by original training, and he ensured that his houses had mahogany doors of excellent quality and good staircases. The staircase at Longworth, which rises at the rear of the entrance hall, seems to be a survivor from the earlier 18th century house, and has barley-twist balusters. The house also has some good plasterwork in Keck's best neo-classical style, including the tripartite door and window frame of the entrance hall.
Longworth Hall: view of the park in c.1820, with the old chapel on the left.
The grounds of the house were noted in the 19th century for their extensive timber and for the fine pleasure gardens laid out by Robert Phillipps within the park in the 19th century. West of the house is a late 18th century quadrangular stable block with a pedimental gable above its entrance arch, perhaps also by Keck. The estate has several lodges: a pair north-east of the house, thought to date from about 1825, and a Victorian one of c.1860, with patterned brickwork, stone bands and rather unexpectedly round-arched windows, which could be by E.W. Pugin.

On the death of Robert Biddulph Phillipps in 1864, he left the estate (but not his personal fortune) to his wife's nephew, William Henry Barneby (1843-1914), who came of age in that year and came into possession of a legacy left to him by his father, who had died young. Barneby seems to have used the legacy to buy the Bredenbury Court estate, and he never lived at Longworth. It was instead let to tenants or used by other members of the family throughout his long life. His son, Richard Hicks Barneby (1875-1923) apparently moved in after his father's death, but when he died in 1923 after a lingering illness, the estate was sold to Sir John Fox Dillon (d. 1925), 8th bt., whose widow remained at Longworth until her death in 1943. The house was then sold for use as an hotel, which it remains today.

Descent: Richard Walwyn of Ross-on-Wye; to younger son, James Walwyn (d. 1705); to son, James Walwyn (c.1689-1766); to grandson, James Walwyn MP (1744-1800); to son, Maj. James Walwyn (b. 1768), who sold 1805 to his uncle, Robert Phillipps (1749-1822); to son, Robert Biddulph Phillipps (d. 1864); to nephew, William Henry Barneby (1843-1914), who let to Edward Smalley Hutchinson (fl. 1872); to son, Richard Hicks Barneby (1875-1923); sold 1923 to Sir John Fox Dillon (d. 1925), 8th bt.; to widow, Lady Dillon (d. 1943); sold after her death for use as an hotel.

Bredenbury Court, Herefordshire

The original square, hipped-roofed, house was built in about 1810 for William West, but it was remodelled in the Italianate style and extended by one bay to the left in 1873 by T. H. Wyatt for William Henry Barneby (1843-1914), and further enlarged in Wrenaissance style by Sir Guy Dawber in 1902 for his successor, Francis Greswolde-Williams. 

Bredenbury Court: an early photograph of the house as remodelled by T.H. Wyatt for W.H. Barneby, 1873.

Wyatt's exterior is of rock-faced red sandstone and sandstone ashlar, and has roofs set behind balustraded parapets and rendered chimney stacks. Dawber added the single storey dining room on the east side and a rear wing on the north-west which replaced an earlier single storey range. There is a further long service wing on the north-east side. Inside, the 1873 work includes the panelled entrance hall and the staircase with twisted balusters and strapwork on the newels; and the chimneypieces in the inner hall and in drawing room. Dawber's alterations include the new dining room with a big segmental vaulted moulded plaster ceiling (possibly by G. P. Bankart) and panelling with carved festoon drops in the pilasters and Ionic columns framing the arched vestibule and inglenook. The north-west wing contains a billiard room with moulded ceiling beams and joists and another inglenook. 

The grounds of the house were laid out in the 1870s by Edward Milner for W.H. Barneby, who demolished the medieval church (much rebuilt in 1861-62) in order to clear the site. Wyatt was also responsible for the west and south lodges, but the stables and the north-east lodge are additions by Dawber. The house became a school in 1944 and it remained so until 2016; the property was on the market at the time of writing.

Bredenbury Court: the house in recent years. Dawber's dining room is the single-storey wing on the right.

Descent: William West (d. 1808); to son, William West (bankrupt 1820); sold to Charles Dutton; sold before 1858 to Robert Johnson, who sold c.1864 to William Henry Barneby (1843-1914), who sold 1898 to Francis Greswolde-Williams (1873-1931); sold 1920s to R. Logan Kitson; sold 1944; sold 1968 to St. Richards School (closed 2016).

Barneby family of Brockhampton Park

Barneby, Richard (c.1530-97). Eldest son of Thomas Barneby (d. 1572) of Bockleton (Worcs) and his wife Joyce, daughter and heiress of Walter Acton of Acton Hall, Ombersley (Worcs.), born about 1530. He married, c.1552, Mary (d. 1574), eldest daughter and co-heir of Richard Habington of Brockhampton (Herefs), and had issue:
(1) Robert Barneby (c.1555-1634) (q.v.);
(2) William Barneby (d. 1626); inherited the Acton Hall and Bockleton estates from his father; High Sheriff of Worcestershire, 1605; married 1st, 17 June 1588 at St Lawrence Jewry, London, Bridget Keye* (d. 1597), and had issue two sons and seven daughters; married 2nd, 1599, Amphylis (d. 1633), daughter of Sir John Lyttelton of Frankley (Worcs); will proved in the PCC, 16 February 1625/6;
(3) Thomas Barneby (fl. 1596); living in 1596; said to have died without issue;
(4) Joan/Joyce Barneby (fl. 1568);
(5) Ellen Barneby (fl. 1568);
(6) Winifred Barneby (d. 1597), born before 1568; married Henry Davenport (d. 1627), son of Edward Davenport, and had issue one son; died 1597 and was buried at Holy Trinity, Coventry (Warks);
(7) Elizabeth Barneby, born after 1568; married, 27 April 1598, Charles Phillips, gent.
He acquired the Brockhampton estate through his marriage, and may have had to buy out his wife's co-heirs. He inherited his father's estate called The Hill at Bockleton in 1572. A deed of 1580 refers to his 'new mansionhouse called The Hull'. He was given or bought the Acton Hall estate in Ombersley (Worcs) from his younger brother Charles Barneby before 1581. 
He died after 13 November and was buried at Bockleton, 4 December 1597, where he and his wife are commemorated by a large wall monument; his will was proved 28 November 1597. His wife died 9 July 1574 and was buried at Bockleton.
* Some sources give her name as Bridget Tolvey, but this seems to be an error.

Barneby, Robert (c.1555-1634). Eldest son of Richard Barneby (c.1530-97) and his wife Mary, eldest daughter and eventual co-heir of Richard Habington of Brockhampton (Herefs), born about 1555. He married Katherine, daughter of William Spooner of London and Lawton (Herefs), and had issue:
(1) Winifred Barneby (c.1584-1636), 'aged 50' at the heralds' visitation of 1634; married 1st, Thomas Williams, and 2nd, Thomas Moore; said to have been buried 21 June 1636;
(2) Thomas Barneby (c.1586-c.1658) (q.v.).
He inherited Lawton in right of his wife and the Brockhampton estate from his father in 1597.
He died 20 May and was buried at Bromyard, 22 May 1634. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Barneby, Thomas (c.1586-c.1658). Only recorded son of Robert Barneby (c.1555-1634) and his wife Katherine, daughter of William Spooner of Lawton (Herefs), born about 1586, as he was 'aged 48' at the heralds' visitation of 1634. He was evidently a Royalist in the Civil War, as he compounded for his estates in 1650 for £67. He married, about 1612, Elizabeth, daughter of William Ingram of Earl's Court, St John in Bedwardine (Worcs) and had issue:
(1) John Barneby (c.1614-84) (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Barneby (b. 1616), baptised at Bromyard, 16 January 1615/6; married Thomas Goodere of Hereford;
(3) Samuel Barneby (1617-43), baptised at Bromyard, 20 August 1617; died unmarried and was buried 22 October 1643;
(4) Thomas Barneby (b. 1619), baptised at Bromyard, 4 March 1618/9; died unmarried before 1683;
(5) Mary Barneby (1620-97), baptised at Bromyard, 9 May 1620; married 1st, Francis Walker of St John Bedwardine (Worcs); married 2nd, Thomas Twitty of Worcester, gent.; buried at St Martin, Worcester, 22 June 1697;
(6) Catherine Barneby (b. 1621), baptised at Bromyard, 10 May 1621; married John Norgrove of Ivington (Herefs);
(7) William Barneby (b. 1634), baptised at Brockhampton, 6 December 1634; lived at St John Bedwardine (Worcs); married Elizabeth Acton of Bourton and had issue three sons and three daughters; living in 1685.
He inherited the Brockhampton estate from his father in 1634.
He died in c.1658. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Barneby, John (c.1614-84). Eldest son of Thomas Barneby (d. c.1658) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Ingram of Earl's Court, St John in Bedwardine (Worcs), born about 1614, as he was 'aged about 20 years' at the heralds' visitation of 1634. Educated at Inner Temple (admitted 1637). He was included on the list of persons qualified for King Charles II's proposed Order of Knights of the Oak in 1660, his estate being valued at £1,000 a year. He married 1st, 1641 (settlement 30 November), Alice (d. 1666), daughter and sole heiress of Richard Studley of Shrewsbury, and 2nd, 7 September 1671 at Corse (Glos), Mary (d. 1721), daughter of Edward Rowdon of Rowden (Herefs.) and heiress of her brother Anthony Rowden, and had issue:
(1.1) John Barneby (1643-68), baptised at Brockhampton, 22 August 1643; educated at the Inner Temple (admitted 1665); died unmarried and was buried at the Temple church, London, 8 May 1668;
(1.2) Richard Barneby (1644-1720) (q.v.);
(1.3) Edward Barneby (d. 1685); apprenticed to Richard Cotton, grocer, of London, 1669; died unmarried and was buried at St John, Worcester, 9 November 1685; will proved 12 December 1685;
(1.4) Thomas Barneby (d. 1730); died unmarried and was probably the man of this name buried at Lincoln's Inn Chapel, 12 September 1730; his will was the subject of a legal dispute in 1730 but has not been traced;
(1.5) William Barneby (d. 1687?); died unmarried and was probably the man of this name who was buried at St John, Worcester, 23 April 1687;
(1.6) Samuel Barneby (d. 1684); educated at Clements Inn, London; died unmarried and was buried at St Dunstan-in-the-West, London, 5 June 1684; will proved 1 August 1684;
(1.7) Judith Barneby; died young;
(1.8) Mary Barneby (fl. 1685); living in 1685;
(1.9) Lettice Barneby (d. 1721); died unmarried and was buried at St John in Bedwardine, Worcester, 24 March 1721; will proved 27 July 1721;
(1.10) Elizabeth Barneby; married, 20 April 1690, Joseph Marshall, and had issue one son and six daughters; living in 1708;
(1.11) Catherine Barneby; died young;
(2.1) Anne Barneby (1672-1727), baptised at Bromyard, 14 December 1672; married, 1691, Timothy Briggenshaw (c.1665-1722) of Earl's Court, St John in Bedwardine (Worcs) and had issue two sons and three daughters; died 24 July and was buried with her husband in Worcester Cathedral, 26 July 1727, where she was commemorated by a monument; her will was proved 20 October 1727.
He inherited the Brockhampton estate from his father in c.1658. His second wife inherited the Rowden Abbey estate after his death.
He died in 1684. His first wife was buried at Bromyard, 13 August 1666. His widow died in 1721; her will was proved at Hereford in 1721.

Richard Barneby (1644-1720)
Image: National Trust
Barneby, Richard (1644-1720). Eldest surviving son of John Barneby (c.1614-84) and his first wife, Alice, daughter and sole heiress of Richard Studley of Shrewsbury, baptised at Brockhampton, 15 October 1644. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1663; BA 1667), Inner Temple (admitted 1674) and Middle Temple (admitted 1678; called 1679). Barrister-at-law. He married, 9 July 1678, Isabella (1655-1729), third daughter of Sir Nicholas Lechmere MP of Severn End, Hanley Castle (Worcs), Baron of the Exchequer, and had issue:
(1) Penelope Barneby (c.1679-1716) (q.v.);
(2) Richard Barneby (1680-1700), baptised at Bromyard, 21 March 1680; died 20 June 1700 and was buried at Brockhampton;
(3) Nicholas Barneby (c.1681-c.1702), born about 1681; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1695/6) and Middle Temple (admitted 1696); buried at Brockhampton, aged 21;
(4) John Barneby (1684-1731) (q.v.);
(5) Thomas Barneby (b. 1685), baptised at Bromyard 5 November 1685; died without issue in the lifetime of his father;
(6) Mary Barneby (b. 1686), baptised at Bromyard, 30 August 1686; died without issue;
(7) Rev. Edmund Barneby (1690-1729), baptised at Bromyard, 26 June 1690; clergyman; chaplain at Brockhampton; married, 27 May 1719 at Ludlow (Shrops.), Mary, daughter of Job Walker of Sheldon, but had no issue; buried 13 October 1729; will proved 7 August 1730.
He inherited the Brockhampton estate from his father in 1684.
He died 14 February 1719/20 and was buried at Brockhampton; his will was proved 3 May 1720. His widow died 10 August and was buried at Brockhampton, 14 August 1729; her will was proved at Hereford, 18 February 1729/30.

John Barneby (1684-1731)
Image: National Trust
Barneby, John (1684-1731). Eldest surviving son of Richard Barneby (1644-1720) and his wife Isabella, third daughter of Sir Nicholas Lechmere MP of Severn End (Worcs), Baron of the Exchequer, baptised at Bromyard, 6 May 1684. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1702) and Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1703). His will suggests he was of a pious turn of mind. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Brockhampton estate from his father in 1720. At his death, his estate passed to his nephew, Bartholomew Richard Lutley (1713-83), on condition he took the name Barneby.
He died in the spring of 1731 and was buried at Brockhampton; his will was proved 18 May 1731.

Barneby, Penelope (c.1679-1746). Daughter of Richard Barneby (1644-1720) and his wife Isabella, third daughter of Sir Nicholas Lechmere MP of Severn End (Worcs), Baron of the Exchequer, born about 1679. She married, 30 December 1707, Philip Lutley (c.1680-1731) of Henwick, Hallow (Worcs) and Lawton (Shrops.), son of Bartholomew Lutley of Lawton, and had issue:
(1) Isabella Lutley (1708-72), baptised at Ludlow, 15 December 1708; married Maj. John Clement; buried at Eaton-under-Heywood, 7 November 1772;
(2) Jenks Lutley (1710-45), baptised at Ludlow, 27 June 1710; educated at Merton College, Oxford (matriculated 1726/7) and Lincolns Inn (admitted 1727; called 1734); barrister-at-law; inherited his father's Shropshire property and his house at Henwick in Hallow (Worcs), where he lived; refurbished the chancel of Eaton-under-Heywood church (Shrops.), 1743; died unmarried, 27 January, and was buried at Eaton-under-Heywood, 4 February 1745, where he is commemorated by a monument;
(3) Penelope Lutley (1712-96), baptised at Ludlow, 11 November 1712; married, 30 April 1751 at Great Witley (Worcs), as his second wife, Richard Sclater (1712-54), 'an eminent druggist' and alderman of London, and had issue one son and one daughter; buried in Worcester Cathedral, 12 December 1796; will proved 16 December 1796;
(4) Bartholomew Richard Lutley (later Barneby) (1714-83) (q.v.);
(5) Margaret Lutley (1716-85), baptised at Ludlow, 8 May 1716; died unmarried, September 1785; will proved at Worcester, 16 September 1785;
(6) Sarah Lutley (1717-85), baptised at Ludlow, 1 March 1717/8; died unmarried and was buried at Severn Stoke (Worcs), 10 June 1785.
She and her husband lived in Ludlow and later at Henwick in Hallow (Worcs).
She died 7 March and was buried at Eaton-under-Heywood, 15 March 1745/6, where she is commemorated by a monument; her will was proved 12 April 1746. Her husband died at Henwick, Hallow (Worcs) on 20 October, and was buried at Eaton-under-Heywood, 2 November 1731, where he is also commemorated by a monument; his will was proved 11 March 1731/2, and a further grant of administration was made to his grandson, John Barneby (1757-1817), in 1794.

Lutley (later Barneby), Bartholomew Richard (1714-83). Second son of Philip Lutley (d. 1731) of Lawton (Shrops.) and his wife Penelope, daughter of Richard Barneby of Brockhampton (Herefs), baptised 27 February 1713/4 at Ludlow (Shrops.). Educated at Merton College, Oxford (matriculated 1733/4) and Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1734/5). He took the surname Barneby by private Act of Parliament (9 George II, c.3) in 1736, in accordance with the will of his uncle, John Barneby (1684-1731). High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1739. He married at Whitbourne (Herefs.), 21 December 1756, Betty (1732-85), 'a very agreeable young lady with a large fortune', daughter of John Freeman of Gaines (Herefs.), and had issue:
(1) John Barneby (1757-1817) (q.v.);
(2) Penelope Barneby (1758-1821), baptised at Brockhampton, 21 December 1758; married, 22 January 1782, Thomas Newnham (d. 1820) of Broadwas (Worcs), but had no issue; buried at Broadwas, 21 May 1821;
(3) Richard Lutley Barneby (b. 1760), baptised at Brockhampton, 12 June 1760; evidently died young;
(4) Abigail Barneby (1761-1805), baptised at Brockhampton, 21 December 1761; died unmarried and was buried at Brockhampton, 8 July 1805;
(5) Philip Barneby (1763-1839), baptised at Brockhampton, 9 September 1763; educated at Worcester College, Oxford (matriculated 1783); receiver-general for Herefordshire; married, 29 March 1810 at St Nicholas, Worcester, Eleanor, second daughter of William Lilly and had issue one daughter; died in Bath (Som.) and was buried at Stoke Lacy (Herefs.), 1 October 1839; will proved 7 November 1839;
(6) Lutley Barneby (1764-1838), baptised at Brockhampton, 22 October 1764; merchant in London, but lived latterly at Llwyngwyn near Abergavenny (Monmouths.); married, 24 July 1800 at St Edmund, Lombard St., London, Charlotte Beatrice Davies (d. 1844), but had no issue; died 2 February 1838; will proved 8 June 1838;
(7) Betty Barneby (b. 1766), baptised at Brockhampton, 16 June 1766; evidently died young;
(8) Richard Barneby (1769-1830), baptised at Brockhampton, 21 March 1769; lawyer in Worcester; HM Coroner for Worcestershire, 1801-10; owned Clater Park, which he probably refronted; married, 16 May 1799 at Brockhampton, Betty, daughter of James Dansie and heiress of her uncle Richard Sweeting Dansie of Clater Park (Herefs), and had issue two sons and three daughters (one of whom married his nephew, William Barneby (1801-57)); buried at St Nicholas, Worcester, 17 December 1830; will proved 17 February 1831;
(9) Elizabeth Barneby (b. 1770), baptised at Brockhampton, 20 June 1770; said to have died young;
(10) Rev. Thomas Barneby (1773-1842), baptised at Brockhampton, 14 August 1773; educated at Oriel College, Oxford (matriculated 1791; BA 1795; MA 1797); Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford (BD 1810; Senior Bursar, 1812-13, 1814-15); ordained deacon, 1797 and priest, 1798; rector of Edvin Loach and Tedstone Wafer (Herefs), 1811-42 and of Stepney (Middx), 1815-42; died 11 May 1842.
He inherited the Brockhampton estate from his maternal uncle in 1731, and came of age in 1734. In 1745 he inherited the Lutley family property in Shropshire from his elder brother. He built Brockhampton House in c.1765 and enclosed the park around it.
He died 21 December 1783; his will was proved 12 February 1784. His widow died 14 May 1785; her will was proved 10 June 1785.

Barneby, John (1757-1817). Eldest son of Bartholomew Richard Lutley (later Barneby) (1714-83) and his wife Betty, daughter of John Freeman of Gaines (Herefs), baptised at Brockhampton, 16 December 1757. Educated at Oriel College, Oxford (matriculated 1776) and Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1777). An officer in the militia (Capt.). High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1797. He married, 17 July 1792 at St George, Hanover Sq., London, Elizabeth (d. 1833), daughter and sole heiress of Robert Bulkeley of Bulkeley (Ches.), and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Barneby (1793-1852), born at Uxbridge (Middx) and baptised at Brockhampton, 26 December 1793; inherited Buckenhill House (Herefs) under her mother's will in 1833; married, 5 August 1834 at St Marylebone (Middx), Robert Biddulph Phillips (1798-1864) of Longworth Hall, Lugwardine (Herefs) and had issue two daughters (one of whom joined the Sisters of Our Lady of Charity and Refuge, for whom her father built a convent at Bartestree in 1863 to the designs of E.W. Pugin); died 21 March 1852;
(2) John Barneby (1799-1846) (q.v.);
(3) William Barneby (1801-57) [for whom see Barneby family of Clater Park and Saltmarshe Castle below];
(4) Edmund Barneby (later Higginson) (1802-71) [for whom see Barneby family of Clater Park and Saltmarshe Castle below].
He inherited the Brockhampton and Lawton estates from his father in 1783, but sold the Shropshire property in 1801 and c.1807. At Brockhampton, he built a new lodge, chapel and park wall.
He died 11 February 1817; his will was proved 13 June 1817. His widow died at Buckenhill, 18 January 1833.

Barneby, John (1799-1846). Eldest son of John Barneby (1757-1817) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter and sole heiress of Robert Bulkeley of Bulkeley (Ches.), born 30 November 1799. Educated at Hereford Collegiate School, Eton, and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1817; BA 1821; MA 1830). An officer in the Herefordshire militia (Maj.). In 1827 he accidentally killed Thomas Andrew Knight (c.1795-1827), son of Thomas Andrew Knight of Downton Castle (Herefs) while shooting on the Downton estate. Conservative MP for Droitwich, 1835-37 and for East Worcestershire, 1837-46, in which capacity he supported protectionist measures for trade. JP and DL for Herefordshire; Chairman of Quarter Sessions, 1835-45; Chairman of Bromyard Poor Law Guardians, 1836-45; Hon. Commissioner in Lunacy, 1839-46, being appointed after chairing a parliamentary select committee on the Hereford County Lunatic Asylum, 1839. In 1845 his deteriorating health led him to give up most of his public appointments and go to live in the south of France for a year, but his condition failed to improve and he died shortly after returning to England. He married, 24 July 1838 at St Mary, Bryanston Sq., London, Susan (d. 1850), eldest daughter of John Henry Elwes of Colesbourne (Glos), and had issue:
(1) John Habington Barneby (later Lutley) (1840-1906) (q.v.);
(2) William Henry Barneby (1843-1914) [for whom see Barneby family of Longworth Hall, below].
He inherited the Brockhampton estate from his father in 1817.
He died in London, 30 November 1846, and was buried at Brockhampton, where he is commemorated by a monument; his will was proved 24 December 1846 (effects under £9,000). His widow died at Brockhampton, 18 December 1850 and was buried there, where she is commemorated by a monument.

Barneby (later Barneby Lutley), John Habington (1840-1906). Elder son of John Barneby (1799-1846) and his wife Susan, eldest daughter of John Henry Elwes of Colesbourne (Glos), born 2 May and baptised at Brockhampton, 6 August 1840. After the death of his mother in 1850, he was brought up by his uncle, Edmund Higginson of Saltmarshe Castle. Educated at Eton, Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1858; BA 1861; MA 1865) and Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1862). He assumed the additional surname of Lutley by royal licence, 1864, and his children used Lutley only. DL and JP for Herefordshire and JP for Worcestershire; High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1872. He married, 15 December 1864 at Withington (Glos), Emily Margaret (1843-86), eldest daughter of Rev. the Hon. George Gustavus Chetwynd Talbot, and had issue:
(1) Gwendolen Emily Frances Lutley (1866-1932), born at Oxford, 30 August 1866; after the death of her father she lived with her brother at Brockhampton but travelled extensively, visiting South Africa, the Caribbean and South America; she died unmarried, 23 May 1932 and was buried at Brockhampton; will proved 15 September 1932 (estate £3,798);
(2) Ethel Susan Lutley (1868-1945), born at Great Malvern (Worcs), 9 March 1868; married, 26 April 1911, as his second wife, Beauchamp Mowbray St. John (1844-1912), 17th Baron St. John of Bletsoe, Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire, but had no issue; lived at Hill House, Ampthill (Beds), and later with her brother at Brockhampton; she was described as 'incapacitated' in 1939; died without issue, 3 January 1945; will proved 7 September 1945 (estate £9,754);
(3) Geraldine Violet Lutley (1869-1897), born at Brockhampton, 26 June 1869; died unmarried in London, 22 October 1897 and was buried at Brockhampton, where she is commemorated by a memorial inscription;
(4) Gertrude Emily Lutley (1871-1937), born in London, 28 November 1871; lived with her brother at Brockhampton; died unmarried, 14 May 1937 and was buried at Brockhampton; will proved 1 October 1937 (estate £6,543);
(5) John Talbot Lutley (1873-1946) (q.v.).
He inherited the Brockhampton estate (3,061 acres in 1878) from his father in 1846 and came of age in 1861. He remodelled the house and created a garden around it in the 1860s. He also restored Lower Brockhampton House in 1871.
He died 2 September 1906 and was probably buried at Brockhampton; his will was proved 8 December 1906 (estate £40,246). His wife died 18 November 1886 and was buried at Brockhampton.

Lutley, Lt-Col. John Talbot (1873-1946). Only son of John Habington Barneby (later  Barneby Lutley) (1840-1906) and his wife Emily Margaret, eldest daughter of Rev. the Hon. George Gustavus Chetwynd Talbot, born 5 August 1873. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1893; BA 1897). A freemason from 1894. Landowner and farmer; JP (from 1896), DL and County Alderman for Herefordshire. He was an officer in the Worcestershire Yeomanry (2nd Lt., 1895; Capt., 1897; Maj. 1906; Lt-Col., 1917), who served in the Boer War and First World War; ADC to Governor of Cape Colony, 1902-06. He was unmarried and without issue, and lived at Brockhampton House with his sisters.
He inherited the Brockhampton estate from his father in 1906. At his death he bequeathed it to the National Trust, 'to be preserved as an example of a traditional agricultural estate', a gift which took effect in 1950.
He died 2 December 1946; his will was proved 5 June 1947 (estate in England £99,456 and in Northern Ireland, £1,581).

Barneby family of Clater Park and Saltmarshe Castle

Barneby (later Higginson), Edmund (1802-71). Third son of John Barneby (1757-1817) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter and sole heiress of Robert Bulkeley of Bulkeley (Ches.), born 15 December 1802. He assumed the name name of Higginson in lieu of Barneby by royal licence in 1825. High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1828. His obituarist described him as 'a gentleman of unobtrusive and retiring habits, playing no part in public life, but cultivating the fine arts and judiciously patronising artistic merit'; he was one of the Stewards of the Three Choirs Festival at Hereford in 1831. He formed one of the finest collections of paintings assembled in Britain in the 19th century, many of them bought in France in the 1830s, although it is not clear if he travelled there himself or bought through agents. A catalogue of his collection, which consisted primarily of works by Continental Old Masters but included Constable's 'Hay Wain', was issued in 1842. For reasons which are unclear, he sold his collection at Christies in 1846, although he subsequently bought further works and at his death left 'a choice collection of paintings and articles of virtu acquired without regard to expense'. In the late 1850s he financed the rebuilding of the churches at Tedstone Delamere and Edvin Loach on his Herefordshire estate. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Saltmarsh estate at Bromyard from his great-uncle, William Higginson in 1812 and came of age in 1823. The property was leased to the Rev. Thomas Barneby until 1824 and then taken in hand which gives a terminus post quem for the first phase of the castle. A second phase was begun in 1849 with Edward Haycock as architect. During the last few months of his life he moved to Bath (Somerset). At his death he bequeathed his estate to his nephew, William Barneby (1801-57) (q.v.). 
He died at Bath, 25 November, and was buried in Lansdown Cemetery, Bath, 30 November 1871; his will was proved 6 January 1872 (effects under £140,000).

Barneby, William (1801-57). Second son of John Barneby (1757-1817) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter and sole heiress of Robert Bulkeley of Bulkeley (Ches.), born 27 November and baptised at Brockhampton, 30 December 1801. JP for Herefordshire; High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1849. He was a director of the Worcester and Leominster Railway Co. formed in 1845. He married, 15 January 1844 at Worcester, his cousin, Mary (1802-72), second daughter of Richard Barneby of Worcester, and had issue:
(1) William Barneby (1846-95) (q.v.).
He lived at Clater Park, which his wife inherited from her father, Richard Barneby (1769-1830).
He died of an infection caught from his son, 5 January 1857 and was buried at Brockhampton; his will was proved in the PCC, 30 April 1857. His widow died 22 August 1872.

Barneby, William (1846-95). Only child of William Barneby (1801-57) and his wife Mary, second daughter of Richard Barneby of Worcester, born 22 January 1846. Educated at Magdalene College, Cambridge (matriculated 1865). JP and DL for Herefordshire and Worcestershire. Despite these appointments, he took little part in public life, and devoted his time to the benevolent management of his estates and to the study of science and mechanics, especially electricity. He married, 13 September 1870 at Upton Gray (Hants), Katherine Anne (c.1836-1922), youngest daughter of William Lutley Sclater of Hoddington House (Hants) and had issue:
(1) Katherine Mary Barneby (1871-1935), baptised at Bromyard, 20 December 1871; lived in London; died unmarried, 24 May 1935; will proved 25 September 1935 (estate £15,340);
(2) William Theodore Barneby (1873-1946) (q.v.);
(3) Olive Charlotte Barneby (1874-1943), born 12 August 1874; lived at Tunbridge Wells (Kent); died unmarried, 8 January 1943; will proved 21 May 1943 (estate £22,154);
(4) Philip Bartholomew Barneby (1875-1943) (q.v.).
He inherited Clater Park from his father in 1857, and Saltmarshe Castle from his uncle Edmund Barneby (later Higginson) in 1871. He came of age in 1867.
He died 9 March 1895; his will was proved 12 June 1895 (effects £189,429). His widow died 5 March 1922; her will was proved 24 May 1922 (estate £1,971).

Barneby, William Theodore (1873-1946). Elder son of William Barneby (1846-95) and his wife Katherine Anne, youngest daughter of William Lutley Sclater of Hoddington House (Hants), born 31 January 1873 and baptised at Bromyard. Educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1891; BA 1894; MA 1898) and Inner Temple (admitted 1893; called 1898). Barrister-at-law, but never practised as such. He farmed at Saltmarshe Castle until 1909, but then let his farms and dispersed his stock (including pedigree Hereford cattle and Ryeland sheep) at auction. DL and JP for Herefordshire; High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1904. An officer in the Shropshire Yeomanry (Capt.). He married, 23 April 1912 at St Paul, Knightsbridge (Middx), Verena Henrietta (1890-1974), daughter of Algernon Turnor CB, financial secretary to the General Post Office, and had issue:
(1) Diana Katherine Barneby (1913-87), born 5 May 1913; married 25 January 1944 at Holy Trinity, Sloane St., Chelsea (Middx), Maj. John Harman Glossop Wells (1912-84), of Berkley Grange (Som.), second son of Dr. Wilfrid Wells of Constantine (Cornw.); died 28 August 1987; will proved 28 March 1988 (estate £405,101);
(2) Christopher William Barneby (1915-44), born 19 June 1915; educated at Harrow, Worcester College, Oxford (matriculated 1934; BA 1937) and Slade School of Art; served in army in Second World War (2nd Lt., 1940; Lt., 1942; Capt. 1943); died unmarried and without issue in his father's lifetime, when he was killed on active service in Burma, 18 March 1944; he is commemorated by a monument in Edvin Loach church (Herefs).
He inherited Clater Park and Saltmarshe Castle from his father in 1895. In 1919 he sold the outlying portions of the estate, but the remainder passed at his death to his nephew, Thomas Philip Barneby (1908-72).
He died 23 May 1946; his will was proved 28 January 1947 and 18 April 1948 (estate £152,783). His widow married 2nd, 1 June 1965, Maurice Ashton Nelson (1908-97), solicitor, of Little Ponton House (Lincs), and died 3 August 1974; her will was proved 8 November 1974 (estate £109,014).

Philip Bartholomew Barneby
Barneby, Philip Bartholomew (1875-1943). Younger son of William Barneby (1846-95) and his wife Katherine Anne, youngest daughter of William Lutley Sclater of Hoddington House (Hants), born 13 October 1875. Educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1894; BA 1899). JP for Monmouthshire from 1902 and for Herefordshire from 1927. He married, 20 September 1905 at Stretton Sugwas (Herefs.), Louisa Geraldine (1877-1967), daughter of His Honour Robert Wood Ingram of Sugwas Court (Herefs), judge, and had issue:
(1) Edmund Geoffrey Lutley Barneby (1906-21), born 4 June 1906; educated at Harrow; died young when he accidentally hanged himself practising a gymnastic trick, 27 January 1921;
(2) Thomas Philip Barneby (1908-72) (q.v.);
(3) Rupert Charles Barneby (1911-2000), born 6 October 1911; educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1930; BA 1932), where he established lifelong friendships with literary figures including W.H. Auden, Christopher Isherwood and Julian Huxley; after leaving university he became a self-taught botanist and emigrated to the United States with his partner, 1937, living initially in California and later in New York state; he became a naturalised American citizen in 1941; attached to New York Botanic Garden from 1959 until shortly before his death (Hon. Curator, 1959-72; Research Assoc., 1973-80; Curator (later Emeritus) of the Institute of Systematic Botany, 1980-98); he named and described over 1,100 new species of plants and was the author of many botanical works and the recipient of several awards, including the Engler Silver Award, 1992; the Millennium Botany Award of the International Botanical Congress, 1999; and an honorary doctorate from City University of New York (DSc, 1978); life partner of Harry Dwight Dillon Ripley (1908-73); died 5 December 2000; buried in Smith Hill Cemetery near Honesdale, Pennsylvania (USA);
(4) Geraldine Katherine Barneby (1915-88), born 4 September 1915; lived at Tanners House, Sherston (Wilts); died unmarried, 4 February 1988; will proved 16 June 1988 (estate £284,603).
He inherited the Oldcastle estate in Monmouthshire from his father in 1895 and lived at Trewin (Monmouths.) until moving to Bartestree (Herefs) about 1920 and later to Sandyway, Weston-under-Penyard (Herefs). His widow lived latterly at Tanners House, Sherston (Wilts).
He died 4 August 1943; his will was proved 30 December 1943 and 25 February 1944 (estate £21,326). His widow died 8 July 1967; her will was proved 23 January 1968 (estate £3,083).

Barneby, Thomas Philip (1908-72). Eldest surviving son of Philip Bartholomew Barneby (1875-1943) and his wife Louisa Geraldine, daughter of His Honour Robert Wood Ingram of Sugwas Court (Herefs), judge, born 28 June 1908. Educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge. In the 1930s he worked as a cafĂ© proprietor at Alresford (Hants), but he obtained a commission in the army (2nd Lt., 1941; Lt., 1943; retired as Capt., 1946) during the Second World War. High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1952-53. After selling Saltmarshe Castle he moved to Cornwall to farm. He was a skilled amateur photographer and published European Alpine Flowers in colour (1967). He married, 28 March 1936, Mary Lilian (1913-2006), only daughter of Thomas Phillips of Marazion (Cornw.), and had issue:
(1) David Penrose Barneby (b. 1937), born 17 April 1937; educated at Millfield Sch.; married, 21 October 1967 at Weston, Massachusetts (USA), Pamela, daughter of Dr R.G. Ferris jr. of Boston, Massachusetts, and had issue two sons and one daughter;
(2) Rosemary Theodora Geraldine Barneby (b. 1940), born 24 February 1940; lived at Lanteglos-by-Fowey (Cornw.); proprietor of a hair and beauty salon in Penzance (closed 1986); married, 17 October 1964, Thomas Peter Adam RN (Sub-Lt. 1960; Lt. 1962; Lt-Cdr., 1970; retired 1985), and had issue one daughter;
(3) Rosanna Ruth Barneby (b. 1945), born 17 May 1945; married, 20 March 1965, Geoffrey Clive Howell Shakerley (1935-2013), elder son of Lt-Col. Peter Francis Shakerley OBE RA of Tredudwell Manor, Lanteglos-by-Fowey (Cornw.) and had issue one son and one daughter;
(4) Veryan Jon Barneby (b. 1949), born 19 July 1949; educated at Campbell College, Belfast and Royal Naval College, Dartmouth; an officer in the Royal Navy, 1969-2000 (Sub-Lt. 1972; Lt.; Lt-Cdr. 1981); married, Jul-Sept 1976, Virginia V.C. Marshall (b. 1950), and had issue one son and one daughter.
He inherited Clater Park and Saltmarshe Castle from his uncle, William Theodore Barneby, in 1946, but sold Clater Park in 1950 and Saltmarshe a little later. Saltmarshe was demolished between October 1952 and July 1953: a final demolition sale was held on 17 July 1953. He lived latterly at Duloe (Cornw.) and Rosemerryn, St Buryan (Cornw.).
He died 16 July 1972; administration of his estate was granted 23 October 1972 (value £30,021). His widow died aged 92 on 22 January 2006; her will was proved 3 May 2006.

Barneby family of Longworth Hall

Barneby, William Henry (1843-1914). Younger son of John Barneby (1799-1846) and his wife Susan, eldest daughter of John Henry Elwes of Colesbourne (Glos), born 2 February 1843. After the death of his mother in 1850, he was brought up by his uncle, Edmund Higginson of Saltmarshe Castle. An officer in the 58th regiment (Ensign, 1862; Lt., 1864; retired 1864). JP (by 1866) and DL (from 1867) for Herefordshire; High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1884. On his father's death in 1846, he was bequeathed a trust fund of £10,000, which he received on coming of age in 1864. In 1872, he and his brother shared equally most of the (£140,000) personal fortune of his uncle, Edmund Higginson (1802-71), although not his estate of Saltmarshe Castle. A Conservative in politics, he stood unsuccessfully for Parliament at Hereford in 1885. He was a member of the Bromyard Board of Guardians, and Chairman of the Bromyard Highway Board, and later of Herefordshire County Council Main Roads Committee (from 1890). In 1883, he took himself around the world, visiting the United States, Canada, Japan, China, Ceylon and Egypt, and he later published an account of his journey as The New Far West and the Old Far East (1889); and in 1889 he took his family to Paris for the opening of the World's FairHe married, 8 August 1865 at Coln St. Aldwyn (Glos), Alice Mary (1847-1933), third daughter of Sir Michael Hicks-Beach MP, 8th bt., and had issue:
(1) Susan Alice Barneby (1868-1951), born 11 February and was baptised at Bath Abbey, 19 March 1868; married, 17 September 1895 at Bredenbury, Rev. Herbert Chase Green-Price (1855-1919), rector of Brampton Bryan (Herefs), 1895-1912 and of Pembridge (Herefs), 1913-19; second son of Sir Richard Green-Price, 1st bt., and had issue two sons and one daughter; as a widow lived at Brean (Somerset); died 26 August 1951; will proved 20 November 1951 (estate £928);
(2) Edmund Henry Barneby (b. & d. 1869), born 1 or 5 July and was baptised at Bredenbury, 8 August 1869; died in infancy 17 October 1869 and was buried at Bredenbury;
(3) Margaret Caroline Barneby (1870-1941), born 20 November and baptised at St George, Hanover Square, London, 21 December 1870; lived latterly in Hereford; died unmarried, 9 May 1941; will proved 3 September 1941 (estate £3,725);
(4) Edith Katherine Barneby (1872-1937), born 29 February and baptised at Bredenbury, 21 April 1872; married, 11 January 1906, Rev. Harry Walter Baskerville Mynors (1857-1938), rector of Llanwarne (Herefs), 1896 and Llandinabo (Herefs), 1918, eldest son of Rev. Walter Baskerville Mynors of Llanwarne, but had no issue; died 20 October 1937; administration of goods granted to her husband, 29 April 1938 (effects £103);
(5) Evelyn Mary Barneby (1873-76), born 29 June and baptised at Bredenbury, 17 August 1873; died young, 29 July 1876 and was buried at Bredenbury;
(6) Richard Hicks Barneby (1875-1923) (q.v.);
(7) Edward Arthur Barneby (1878-1957), born in London, 22 February, and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., London, 11 April 1878; educated at Haileybury and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1896); emigrated to farm at Longworth Ranch, Okanagan Mission, British Columbia (Canada); married, 12 March 1909 at Vernon, British Columbia, Violette (d. 1969), daughter of Rev. Martin Shipham Munroe, rector of Little Hulton (Lancs), but had no issue; died 16 October 1957 at Chilliwack, British Columbia;
(8) Alice Laura Barneby (1880-1962), born 28 November 1880 and baptised at Bredenbury, 16 January 1881; died unmarried, 8 July 1962; will proved 5 March 1963 (estate £4,677);
(9) Henry Meysey Barneby (1884-1970), born 18 September and baptised at Bredenbury, 2 November 1884; educated at Radley and Camborne School of Mines; mining engineer; Associate of Institute of Mining and Metallurgy; served in First World War with Aeronautical Inspection Dept.; County Councillor for Herefordshire, 1948-61; High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1956-57; lived at Brockington House, Bredenbury (Herefs.); married, 10 August 1927, Alice Maude JP (1888-1978), daughter of Thomas James of St. Buryan (Cornw.), but had no issue; died 10 November 1970; will proved 9 March and 18 June 1971 (estate £25,584);
(10) Elizabeth Silver Bulkeley Barneby (1890-1970), born 16 July and baptised at Bredenbury, 24 August 1890; died unmarried, 11 April 1970; will proved 5 August 1970 (estate £17,700).
He inherited Longworth Hall from his uncle, Robert Biddulph Phillips (d. 1864), and purchased Bredenbury Court at much the same time. He lived chiefly at Bredenbury, which he remodelled to the designs of T.H. Wyatt in 1873, until he sold it in 1898 to Francis Greswolde-Williams. He then moved to Brockington Grange, Bredenbury (Herefs), which his wife inherited in her own right and which was sold after her death. Longworth was let from 1892 to His Honour, Judge Lea. He purchased the Rowden Abbey estate in 1872 but sold it in 1880; the present house there was built by the subsequent owners.
He died 6 July 1914; his will was proved 22 October 1914 (estate £68,774). His widow died 27 January 1933; her will was proved 10 April 1933 (estate £5,108).

Barneby, Richard Hicks (1875-1923). Eldest surviving son of William Henry Barneby (1843-1914) and his wife Alice Mary, third daughter of Sir Michael Hicks-Beach MP, 8th bt., born 16 May 1875. Educated at Eton and Trinity Hall, Cambridge (matriculated 1894). JP and DL for Herefordshire and JP for Pembrokeshire. He married, 26 August 1908 at Brightwalton (Berks), Margaret Elizabeth (1880-1955), daughter of Rev. Henry Frederick Howard, rector of Brightwalton, and had issue:
(1) Lt-Col. Henry Habington Barneby (1909-95) (q.v.);
(2) Richard Paul Barneby (1915-44), born 16 August 1915; educated at Radley College; served in Second World War with Herefordshire Regt. (Capt.); lived at Ivy House, Shawbury (Shrops.); married, 11 June 1938, Vera Margery (who m2, 15 October 1947, Samuel Isidore Freedman, son of Capt. Albert Freedman of London), daughter of Col. Henry Arthur Bromilow of Black Park, Chirk (Denbighs.), and had issue one son and two daughters; died of wounds received in action, 1 July 1944; will proved 26 April 1945 (estate £3,213).
He inherited Longworth Hall from his father in 1914 and seems to have lived there, but it was sold after his death to Sir John Fox Dillon (d. 1925), 8th bt. His widow then lived at The Sheepcote, Longworth.
He died after a long illness, 31 January 1923 and was buried at Bredenbury; his will was proved 14 April 1923 (estate £47,744). His widow died 26 November 1955; her will was proved 6 March 1956 (estate £2,056).

Barneby, Lt-Col. Henry Habington (1909-95). Elder son of Richard Hicks Barneby (1875-1923) and his wife Margaret Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Henry Frederick Howard, rector of Brightwalton (Berks), born 19 June 1909. Educated at Radley College and Royal Military College, Sandhurst. An officer in the King's Shropshire Light Infantry, 1929-35, 1937-55 (2nd Lt, 1929; Lt., 1932; Capt., 1938; Maj., 1947; retired as Lt-Col. 1955). JP (from 1960) for Herefordshire; DL for Herefordshire and for Hereford & Worcester, 1958-84 (Vice-Lieutenant from 1973); High Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1972-73. He married 1st, 10 February 1935 (div. 1942), Evelyn Georgina (1912-96?), elder daughter of Lt-Col. George Basil Heywood of Caradoc Court, Ross-on-Wye (Herefs), and 2nd, 30 November 1944, Angela Margaret (1910-79), nurse, daughter of Capt. William Finlay Campbell of Harewood Park (Herefs), and had issue:
(1.1) Richard Henry Heywood Barneby (b. 1937), born 29 May 1937; educated at Radley College; an officer in the army (2nd Lt., 1958; Lt., 1959; retired 1964); lived in St Peter Port, Guernsey (Channel Islands), where he served in several elected public offices, including senior Constable and Procureur of the Poor; married, 6 December 1966, Jane (b. 1945), daughter of Morris John Read of Hereford, and had issue one son and one daughter;
(2.1) William Henry Barneby (1945-2009), born 4 September 1945; educated at Radley and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; an officer in the army (Lt., 1968; Maj. 1979); married, 7 March 1970, Jill Geraldine (b. 1948), daughter of Maj-Gen. Gerald Arthur Pilleau CBE of The Bridge House, Mordiford (Herefs.); died 9 January 2009; will proved 27 May 2009;
(2.2) Edward Henry Barneby (b. 1948), born 20 January 1948; educated at Tabley House Sch.; lived at Glyndyfrdwy (Denbighs.); married, 1985, Wendy Morris (b. 1950?), but had no issue;
(2.3) John Henry Barneby (b. 1949), born 29 July 1949; educated at Radley and Christ Church, Oxford; commodity broker with Czarnikov Ltd, 1971-2013 (Chairman and Chief Executive from 1991); trustee of Vale House Oxford from 2013 and of the Holburne Museum, Bath since 2014; lived at Longcot (Oxon); married, Oct-Dec 1978, Alison Sophie (b. 1951), daughter of Lt-Col. Alan David Donger of Church Mead, Sparsholt (Hants) and had issue one son and two daughters;
(2.4) Charles Henry Barneby (b. & d. 1951), born 18 March 1951 but died in infancy, 18 August 1951.
He also adopted a daughter:
(A1) Judith Margaret Barneby (b. 1951), born 16 September 1951; living in 1972.
He lived in Jamaica, 1951-54, but after returning to England he bought Llanerch-y-Coed, Dorstone (Herefs).
He died 27 April 1995; his will was proved 17 August 1995 (estate £491,710). His first wife married 2nd, a Dutchman, Maurits Gerard Smalt (b. 1906) in 1949, having previously taken the surname Smalt by deed poll in 1944; she married 3rd, 1961, Ronald C. Hunt, and was perhaps the Evelyn Hunt who died 26 December 1996, and whose will was proved 4 February 1997. His second wife died 7 March 1979; her will was proved 3 September 1979 (estate £67,185).

Principal sources

Burke's Landed Gentry, 1972, pp. 44-45; Worcestershire Chronicle, 15 August 1849; P. Williams, Bromyard: minster, manor and town, 1987; M. Hall, 'Brockhampton, Herefordshire', Country Life, 4 January 1990, pp. 46-52; J. Lees-Milne, People and Places, 1992, pp. 19-27; J. Ionides, Thomas Farnolls Pritchard of Shrewsbury, 1999, pp. 98-101; D. Whitehead, A survey of historic parks and gardens in Herefordshire, 2001, pp. 63-64; M.P. Siddons, The visitation of Herefordshire 1634, Harleian Soc., 2002, pp. 26-27; R. Lello & D. Williams, Lower Brockhampton: A Survey of the Moated Site Complex,Bromyard, Herefordshire, 2010; A. Brooks & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Herefordshire, 2nd edn., 2012, pp. 123-24, 135-37, 152, 494;

Location of archives

Barneby family of Longworth: deeds, estate and family papers, 18th-20th cents [Herefordshire Archive & Records Centre, F99, AN43, AB71]

The records of other branches of the family are understood to have been destroyed in the 20th century.

Coat of arms

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, sable, a lion passant guardant between three escallops argent; 2nd and 3rd, or and azure quarterly, four lions rampant counter-changed.

Can you help?

  • Can anyone supply a plan of Saltmarshe Castle before its demolition, or any further information about the first phase of its construction, probably c.1830?
  • Can anyone explain the precise relationship between William Higginson (d. 1812) and Edmund Barneby (1802-71), who was his heir and is supposed to have been his maternal great-nephew?
  • I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
  • As always, any additions or corrections to the account given above will be gratefully received and incorporated.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 27 November 2019.