Saturday 27 September 2014

(142) Andrews of Shaw Place and Donnington Grove, baronets

Andrews of Shaw Place
Although there are some hints that Joseph Andrews (c.1691-1753) could trace an ancestral connection with the Andrews of Charwelton, he himself came from a middle-class if relatively prosperous background. He had a facility for numbers, and somehow came to the attention of Sir Robert Walpole, who secured his appointment to the Army Pay Office, where his accountancy skills were put to effective use.  In the 18th century, fees, perquisites and interest on Government money in their hands made up a significant part of the income of public officers even if they were strictly honest, and many also had great opportunities for peculation and taking bribes.  Joseph Andrews did much to improve the transparency of accounting in the Pay Office and was therefore presumably pretty honest, but even so by the end of his career he had amassed a sufficient fortune to purchase the Shaw Place estate from the executors of the Duchess of Chandos for just over £27,000. It would appear, indeed, that he had already moved into the house some years earlier as a tenant.

Joseph married twice. By his first wife, who died in childbirth, he had an only son, Sir Joseph Andrews (1727-1800), 1st bt.  By the second, who survived him, he produced a second son, James Pettit Andrews (1737-97), and a daughter.  Sir Joseph Andrews succeeded to the Shaw estate in 1753 and seems to have been in fairly easy financial circumstances.  He divided his time between Shaw and London, where he was known as a philanthropist and supporter of humanitarian causes.  Apart from six years as an officer in the Berkshire militia, 1757-63, he does not appear to have held public office, and it is therefore not clear why he was created a baronet in 1766. It may be that he then already knew that he would have no children, as he arranged for a special remainder in the baronetcy patent by which the title would pass on his death to his younger half-brother and his issue. 

James Pettit Andrews (1737-97) lived mainly in London and occupied himself with literary and antiquarian pursuits, which led to a number of publications, including a history of England, that evidenced his wide reading. However, when the new system of police magistrates was established in London in 1792 he was one of the first to be appointed, and until his death five years later he played an active part in the maintenance of law and order in Westminster.  In about 1760 he bought land adjoining the Shaw estate and built there a new Gothick Revival house, Donnington Grove, which he sold in the 1780s, perhaps for financial reasons. He died before his brother, so the baronetcy passed in 1800 to his surviving son, Sir Joseph Andrews (1768-1822), 2nd bt., who was unmarried and would appear to have had a gay relationship with his 'servant, companion and friend', William Kidman (d. 1828). The baronetcy expired on Sir Joseph's death in 1822, and Shaw House passed to his cousin, the Rev. Thomas Penrose.

Shaw Place (now Shaw House), Berkshire

Shaw House: (south) entrance front after the restoration of 2005-08. Image: David Ford.

Shaw House is surprisingly little-known, yet (externally, at least) it is a largely unaltered Elizabethan great house, built on rising ground north of the River Lambourn.  It was built in 1579-81 for Thomas Dolman (d. 1622), the second son and chosen heir of his father, a Newbury clothier, who was later described by Ashmole as 'rich and... little inclined to thrift', and the house was designed to make a confident statement to travellers on the Bath Road, although the growth of woods and later development means this view no longer operates. It was one of the first houses conceived and expressed as a fully symmetrical totality, in which the internal arrangements were not signalled from the outside, giving the occupants a greater sense of privacy. (The perfect symmetry was lost when the sills of some of the windows were lowered in the late 17th century). The name of the architect is not recorded, but there are parallels with Corsham Court (Wilts) and Whittington Court (Glos), and it has been suggested that the designer may have been Thomas Blagrave of Bockhampton Manor, Lambourn, who was related to Dolman and later became Surveyor of the Queen's Works. 

The house is H-shaped, with two full storeys above a concealed basement, and another storey in the gabled attics. It is built of a mellow orange-red brick with stone dressings, and a strong horizontality is provided by the continuous stone string-courses above each of the principal floors.  This is offset by the vertical accents of the big chimneystacks on the inside face of the projecting wings, and the central porch. The south porch is faced in stone, and the doorway is framed by Ionic pilasters with an entablature and pediment: on the friezes are carved inscriptions (in Greek and Latin) reading "Let no envious man enter" and "The toothless man envies the teeth of those who eat, and the mole despises the eyes of the stags".  Since Dolman withdrew assets from his clothing business in order to build the house and threw many Newbury spinners out of work as a consequence, perhaps there was some insecurity underlying the outward display of confidence after all.

Shaw House: the east front

The east elevation is little-altered (except for the lowered window in the centre of the first floor), and has three broad gables, canted bay windows at either end, and an unusually correct pedimented doorcase in the centre.  The west front is similar in character, but simpler, without the bay windows.  The north front, originally as severe and symmetrical as the entrance front, has been altered more, for in the mid 19th century the Elizabethan porch was flanked by a round-arched loggia (subsequently glazed) with a gallery or corridor above.

The interior of Shaw House has been altered much more than the exterior, no doubt partly as a result of the need to repair damage done during the Civil War, when the house was briefly besieged and later sacked, but the original Tudor arrangement is still fairly clear. The porches on the two main fronts led into either end of a screens passage, with service accommodation and informal family rooms to the west and the hall and reception rooms to the east. The external fenestration suggests strongly that the hall was always a single-storey room, and if so it was one of the earliest examples of this, but it is possible that it was originally two-storeyed, and that the first floor was not inserted until the late 17th century, when the screen was removed and the hall redecorated, with a handsome pedimented stone chimneypiece and a pedimented doorway at the east end.  This door leads into the staircase hall in the centre of the east wing, which now contains a late 17th century wooden staircase with twisted balusters, and has mid 18th century Rococo plasterwork on the ceiling, but it is more or less on the site of the Elizabethan stair. In the south-east corner of the house was the Elizabethan parlour, remodelled as a dining room by Edward Shepherd in 1730, with a Kentian stone chimneypiece and Chinese wallpaper in the panels (now replaced by replicas).

The major Elizabethan rooms were on the first floor: an inventory of 1622 mentions the 'King's Chamber' in the west wing and the 'Queen's Chamber' in the east wing. The names probably derive from a visit by King James I and Queen Anne in 1603, although Queen Elizabeth also stayed here in 1594. It seems probable that the 'King's Chamber' was actually the family's best bedroom, given its situation above the service end of the house, while the 'Queen's Room' at the east end represented the state apartment, reserved for royal and important visitors. Sophisticated and correct classical chimneypieces survive in two rooms in the east wing: the more elaborate is in the room over the dining room which was presumably the 'Queen's Chamber'. Both rooms also have re-used Elizabethan panelling. In the late 17th century, the first-floor rooms over the hall were fitted out as a baroque principal apartment, with doors en enfilade, and a stone fireplace copied from Isaac Ware's Designs of Inigo Jones and William Kent in the main room. Some of the rooms in the wings were then reorganised as lesser apartments, and corner chimneypieces were introduced into some of the smaller rooms and closets.  The attics seem to have contained a long gallery, now subdivided.

The house was originally complemented by formal gardens, which were perhaps first formed at the same time as the house was built, for a memoir describing the Second Battle of Newbury in the Civil War mentions a raised walk in the garden.  The layout as recorded on a map of 1729 was however evidently of the late 17th century, and was altered in the 1730s by the Duke of Chandos, who removed two of the three parterres and employed the local canal engineer, John Hore, to make a double canal into a single one. Sir Joseph Andrews planned changes to the gardens but little seems to have been done to his designs except for laying out a new drive to the house from the London road. The gates south of the entrance front were erected in their present position in 1907 but incorporate 18th century ironwork and obelisk-topped finials to the brick piers.

Descent: sold 1554 to Thomas Dolman (c.1510-75); to younger son, Thomas Dolman (1542-1622), who built the present house; to son, Humphrey Dolman (1593-1666); to son, Sir Thomas Dolman, kt. (1622-97); to son, Thomas Dolman (1657-1711); to niece, Dorothy Dolman (1698-1724), wife of John Talbot (d. c.1753), who sold 1728 to James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos (d. 1744); to widow, Lydia Catherine, Duchess of Chandos (d. c.1750); sold 1751 to Joseph Andrews (d. 1753); to son, Sir Joseph Andrews (d. 1800), 1st bt.; to son, Sir Joseph Andrews (1768-1822), 2nd bt.; to cousin, Rev. Thomas Penrose (d. 1851); to nephew, Henry Richard Eyre (d. 1876); to widow (d. 1904), who rented the estate; to son, Henry John Andrews Eyre, who sold 1905 to Hon. Mrs. Kathleen Farquhar (1852-1935); to grandson, Sir Peter Walter Farquhar (1904-86), 6th bt., from whom it was requisitioned in WW2; sold 1949 to Berkshire County Council (later West Berkshire Council) and was used as a school until 1985; after two decades of neglect, restored for use as a registry office, training centre and visitor attraction in 2005-08.

Donnington Grove, Berkshire

Donnington Grove: entrance front

A charming early Gothick Revival villa set in the meadows by the River Lambourn, which is here widened to form a lake.  It was designed in 1763 by John Chute for James Pettit Andrews, who bought the land adjoining his brother's estate at Shaw, and whose antiquarian interests clearly influenced the choice of style. Chute, who was a member of Horace Walpole's 'Committee of Taste' for Strawberry Hill, had made unexecuted designs for a Gothick remodelling of his own house, The Vyne (Hants), and some of his designs for Donnington Grove, drawn by the carpenter and builder John Hobcraft, survive there.  There are some similarities between his work at Donnington and his proposals for Strawberry Hill, not least his preference for motifs drawn from the 'Perpendicular' style, but Donnington shows that Chute had a feeling for structure in architecture that rarely appears in his drawings.  

Donnington Grove: design for entrance front by John Chute, drawn by John Hobcraft, 1763. Image: © National Trust

The house is a three-storey building of red and blue brick, three bays square, with a castellated roofline punctuated by pinnacles (which in their current form date from 1946, when H.S. Goodhart-Rendel made minor alterations).  The entrance front, to the south, has a projecting full-height porch, with an oriel window on the first floor and niches for statues on the sides. The house was sympathetically enlarged for William Brummell after 1783, including the addition, below this oriel window, of a charming colonnade of clustered Gothick shafts, straight out of Batty Langley's pattern book.  Unfortunately, the centre of this colonnade was replaced in 1946 by a reused 18th century doorcase with a concave-sided pediment.  The east front has a broad canted bay window, and to the right a plain single-storey addition of the 1780s containing a new dining room. This has sash windows, and some of the other windows were converted to sashes at the same time.

Donnington Grove: east front, with William Brummell's single-storey addition to the right

Donnington Grove: Gothick doorcase in 1978

Donnington Grove: gallery of staircase hall in 1978

Donnington Grove: central panel of the Chinoiserie chimneypiece in former dining room in 1978.
All 1978 images © Nicholas Kingsley and licenced under this Creative Commons licence
Inside, the entrance hall has a plain plaster vault and niches on either side containing seats. The top-lit staircase hall beyond is one of the most dramatic interiors of the early Gothic revival, although on a surprisingly modest scale. The stone stairs lead up to a cantilevered gallery on the top floor with an arcade of thin columns carrying four-centred arches and a quatrefoil frieze above.  The ground and first-floor rooms have further delicate Gothic detailing, including doorcases framed with Rococo-Gothick plasterwork and some Gothick chimneypieces.  The original dining room has a Chinese wallpaper and a wooden chimneypiece with Chinoiserie decoration, but Brummell's new dining room of the 1780s is chastely classical. To the north of this is a former conservatory with Gothick detailing, converted into a cinema in 1946.  The main reception rooms of the original house were upstairs, and the most important of them is the T-shaped drawing room, with an elaborate Rococo Gothick ceiling, echoing the designs of medieval rose windows.  

The landscaping of the grounds (now largely occupied by a golf course) seems to have been undertaken largely in the 1780s for William Brummell, but the substantial crenellated stable block is presumably earlier.  There are also a plain classical pavilion (no doubt of the Brummell period) and a pretty Gothick fishing temple built of flint.  The main drive to the house passes over a three-arched, balustraded bridge which is a 20th century stone replacement for an original timber structure.

Descent: built 1763 for James Pettit Andrews; sold 1783 to William Brummell (father of 'Beau' Brummell of Bath fame); sold in 1795 after his death to John Bebb (d. 1830); to widow (d. 1850); sold after her death to Head Pottinger Best (1808-87); to son, Marmaduke Head Best (1847-1912); to widow, Mary Leigh Best (née Bennett) (d. 1926); to nephew, Henry Wolley Leigh-Bennett (1880-1951), who sold 1936 to Mrs. Amy Swithinbank; requisitioned 1940 and sold c.1945 to Hon. Reginald Fellowes (1884-1953) and his wife Daisy Fellowes (1887-1962); to daughter, Rosamond Daisy Fellowes (1921-98), divorced wife of Tadeusz Maria Wiszniewski (1917-2005) , who sold 1991 to Shi-tennoji International; restored it as a golf and country club in 1993.

Andrews family of Shaw House, baronets

Andrews, Joseph (c.1691-1753) of Shaw House.  Son of Daniel Andrews (1660-1734) of London and his wife Susannah Blick, born about 1691. He is said to have applied himself with exceptional diligence to the study of mathematics, and to have had the good fortune to be 'protected and encouraged' by Sir Robert Walpole, who placed him in the Pay Office, and secured his appointment as Paymaster of the forces serving in Scotland in 1715 at the tender age of 24; having given satisfaction in that role he was appointed to oversee and regularise the accounts of the Pay Office, c.1722.  His success in this earned him the thanks of Spencer Compton (later Lord Wilmington), who was then able to take on the office of Paymaster General with confidence, and who presented him with a bank-note for £1,000 in a gold box (Compton reputedly made £100,000 from the office in eight years). He was a freemason and a Fellow of the Royal Society. He married 1st, 18 July 1723 in Lincoln's Inn Chapel, Elizabeth (1692-1727), daughter of Samuel Beard esq. of Newcastle-under-Lyme (Staffs) and 2nd, 21 March 1734/5 in St Paul's Cathedral, London, Elizabeth (d. 1760), daughter of John Pettit of St Botolph, Aldgate, London, and had issue:
(1.1) Sir Joseph Andrews (1727-1800), 1st bt. (q.v.);
(2.1) James Pettit Andrews (1737-97) (q.v.);
(2.2) Elizabeth Andrews (d. 1761).
He purchased the Shaw House estate in 1751 for just over £27,000.
He died in April 1753, aged 62, and was buried at St John's church, Hampstead (Middx), 1 May 1753; his will was proved in the PCC, 3 May 1753. His widow was buried at Hampstead, 16th October 1760.

Andrews, Sir Joseph (1727-1800), 1st bt. of Shaw House.  Son of Joseph Andrews (c. 1691-1753) and his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Beard, born 30 October 1727. Officer in Berkshire Militia, 1757-63 (Captain, 1757; Major, 1759). He was a significant supporter of charitable and humanitarian causes in London, and was a vice-president of the Marine and Royal Humane Societies and the Literary Fund; he had an extensive literary acquaintance and his epitaph was written by the Poet Laureate, Henry James Pye. He was created a baronet in 1766 with remainder to his half-brother and his issue. He married, 4 May 1762 at St Gregory by St Paul's, London, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Phillips esq. of Tarrington (Herefs) but had no children.
He inherited the Shaw House estate from his father in 1753.
He died 29 December 1800 and was buried at Shaw, 7 January 1801.  His widow married 2nd, 29 July 1803 at Barnes (Surrey), Col. William Dalrymple (d. 1832) of Chessington Hall (Surrey); her date of death has not been found.

Andrews, James Pettit (1737-97), of Donnington Grove. Only son of Joseph Andrews (c.1691-1753) and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Pettit of London. Educated by the rector of Shaw. A Lieutenant in the Berkshire Militia, 1757-63, and from 1792 a police magistrate at Queen Square, London. In 1794–6 Andrews published a History of Great Britain in two volumes. He also published a translation from the French of The Savages of Europe (1764), an Appeal on Behalf of Chimney Boys (1788) and Anecdotes, Antient and Modern. He contributed many papers to the Gentleman's Magazine and Archaeologia, and in 1781 edited the poetry of his brother-in-law Thomas Penrose. He also worked with Henry James Pye, the poet laureate, on a translation of a five-act German tragedy, published in 1798 as The Inquisitor. He was a keen if romantic antiquarian, with an extensive library, and he researched the history of Shaw House: he was no doubt responsible for the 18th century brass plaque in the house recording (inaccurately) events during the Civil War siege. He married, 11 December 1767, Anne (d. 1785), daughter of Rev. Thomas Penrose, rector of Newbury, and had issue:
(1) Sir Joseph Andrews (1768-1822), 2nd bt. (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Anne Andrews (c.1770-1822); married, 16 May 1791 at Kensington (Middx), Charles Henry Hunt (1763-1817), banker of Stratford-on-Avon (Warks) and Goldicote (Worcs), who was bankrupted in 1800; resumed her maiden name by royal license, 1 April 1822 on becoming the senior surviving member of the family; died 13 July 1822;
(3) Charles Grey Andrews (c.1773-91); midshipman in the Royal Navy; died unmarried at Portsmouth, 18 July 1791, aged 18, and was buried there, 21 July 1791.
He lived at Brompton Row, Kensington for many years, but also built Donnington Grove c.1763 on land adjoining the Shaw estate, which he sold in 1783.
He died 6 August 1797 and was buried at Hampstead. His wife died in 1785 and was also buried at Hampstead.

Andrews, Sir Joseph (1768-1822), 2nd bt, of Shaw House.  Elder son of James Pettit Andrews and his wife Anne, daughter of Rev. Thomas Penrose, rector of Newbury, born 22 September 1768. A Lieutenant in the 1st Foot Guards and later commander of the Shaw and Speen Volunteer Company, 1803; JP and DL for Berkshire.  He succeeded his half-uncle in the baronetcy, 29 December 1800. He was unmarried and without issue, but may have had a gay relationship with William Kidman (d. 1828) of Donnington, described in his obituary as 'servant, companion and friend' to the baronet, and to whom he bequeathed a legacy of £200 and an annuity.
He inherited the Shaw House estate from his half-uncle in 1800.  At his death, the estate passed to his cousin, Rev. Thomas Penrose.
He died 27 February 1822, when the baronetcy became extinct; his will was proved 24 April 1822.


Burke's Extinct & Dormant Baronetcies, 1841, p. 12; M. McCarthy, The origins of the Gothick Revival, 1987, pp. 92-95; N. Cooper, The houses of the gentry, 1999, p. 146; G. Tyack, S. Bradley & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Berkshire, 2nd edn., 2010, pp. 275-76, 505-07;

Location of archives

Andrews family of Shaw House: deeds, manorial records, family and estate papers for Shaw House estate, 15th-19th cents. [Berkshire Record Office D/ENm]

Coat of arms

Gules, a saltire argent, surmounted by another sable, charged in the centre with a besant.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 27 September 2014 and was updated 14 October 2018 and 13 November 2023.

Sunday 21 September 2014

(141) Andrews of Rathenny

Andrews of Rathenny
John Andrews (d. c.1688) was a junior officer in the British army in Ireland in the mid 17th century, and in 1667 he received a grant of the Rathenny estate in King's County (later Co. Offaly), which his descendants continued to hold until the early 20th century. The estate was never large, and in the late 19th century comprised about 700 acres. It seems likely that John was related in some way to the Andrews of Charwelton, as the coats of arms of the two families are clearly related, but the connection has not been traced. The family were for the most part fairly obscure, although they continued to marry fairly well in the middling ranks of Irish society through many generations. It has been possible to add unusually little to the bare genealogical record provided in Burke's Landed Gentry of Ireland in 1912, so I should accordingly be particularly grateful if any reader who is able to add even small details to the information below would get in touch with me to share their knowledge!

John was succeeded by his son, John Andrews (d. 1732), who had eight recorded children. He was succeeded by two of his sons in turn. Robert Andrews (d. 1743) died fairly young, leaving only a daughter, and the estate passed to his brother, Maunsell Andrews (c.1690-1769). From him, it passed to his son John Andrews (fl. 1753-69), who was dead by 1806, and to his son, Maunsell Andrews (1769-1864). This Maunsell Andrews was the most interesting member of the family. He inherited around 1800 and was High Sheriff of King's County in 1806. It was almost certainly he who was responsible for building the present very attractive house at Rathenny at about the same time, and the sophistication of the design, coupled with the fact that he sent his sons to University in Dublin, argues for a more metropolitan outlook than his forbears.  A letter survives from a distant cousin describing life at Rathenny in the 1830s, and it was clearly a fairly comfortable and civilised place:
Rathenny House, April 14, 1831.  My beloved Family,—I write from the House of my dear cousin and nieces, where the four lions and the lion crest on an immense silver salver show that the owner is descended from the illustrious de Alta cousin’s house is very large. He is a Magistrate; he keeps a coach and a most commodious double gig, which he drives tandem; he has about a dozen horses, three or four men-servants, and lots of female. His place is one of the most beautiful on earth; the view from my bedroom window was one of the most delightful I ever beheld. He has prayers morning and evening. My nieces, Sarah and Marianne and Anne, are decidedly pious and lovely girls. My nephew Hawtrey is so like Stephen in profile that you can be in no doubt as to their bang of one and the same blood, and he is a lovely fellow, just about Stephen’s age. Sarah, my eldest niece, is the sweetest girl I have almost ever seen, and, by the way, her horse is, for an animal, what she is for a female—so gentle, so elegant, so beautiful, that you really love the animal, and when I this morning saw my sweet niece on her knees in the Hall spreading a plaster for a poor person at the Hall door, you may be sure I felt no common tenderness and love for her. My niece Marianne is highly accomplished, plays very beautifully on the harp, and to see her at the instrument and Anne at the Piano, and then John, Hawtrey, Charlotte, Catharine and Sarah standing by, singing one of Kelly’s Hymns, was as beautiful a sight as I have beheld for some time. My niece Sarah draws very prettily. She gave me two as I came away, one for my dear Anna and one for dear Emily, and knowing my dear Ned is unwell, she gave me a receipt with the medicine itself to do him good. It is very scarce and very dear, and I have a good bundle of it...The garden very much reminds me of the gardens at Tintern Abbey...Hawtrey this morning took me into the Spruce walk. Oh! it was beautiful. And there he opened his whole heart to me—told me of his hesitation at entering the Church, lest he was not fit for so sacred a profession..I have especially recommended him to read Fletcher's works and Watson’s ‘ Institutes,’ as his sweet and gentle mind is not decided as to doctrine, but inclined to the Arminian view, whereas my lovely nieces are Calvinists... J.H.
Maunsell Andrews lived to the great age of 95 and it is therefore not surprising that his son, John Hawtrey Andrews (c.1802-79), held the estate for only a fairly short time. His son, Maunsell Hawtrey Andrews (c.1839-90) was however, relatively young when he died, and both his sons died young too.  When John Bolton Andrews died unmarried in 1916, the estate reverted to his mother, and after her death three years later, it appears to have been sold. The subsequent history of the estate has not been traced.

Rathenny House, Co. Offaly
Rathenny House

A good quality three-bay two-storey house, built about 1800, with a nicely composed and balanced entrance front, three-bay side elevations and later extensions to the rear.  The 
red brick window surrounds contrasting with the rubble stonework of the walls suggest that the house was originally rendered, as the chimneystacks and rear extensions still are.  The hipped slate roof is largely concealed by a parapet. On the entrance front, the central bay is stepped slightly forward, and the windows are tripartite timber sashes. The segmental-headed, red brick door surround frames a tooled limestone doorcase with engaged columns and pilasters, a fluted frieze, an Adam-style spider web fanlight and geometric sidelights. The doorcase leads into an unusually wide and generous hall flanked by the drawing and dining rooms, with simple but well-carved chimneypieces; the drawing room also has lively plasterwork decoration on the end wall.  In the grounds there is a substantial walled garden, and at the end of a former drive is a three bay, single-storey gate lodge, no doubt built at much the same time as the house. Both the main house and the gate lodge can now be rented for holidays.

Descent: John Andrews (d. c.1688); to son, John Andrews (d. 1732); to son, Robert Andrews (d. 1743); to brother, Maunsell Andrews (d. 1769); to son, John Andrews (fl. 1769); to son, Maunsell Andrews (1769-1864); to son, John Andrews (d. 1879); to son, Maunsell Andrews (d. 1890); to son, John Bolton Andrews (1874-1916); to mother, Kate Mary Andrews (d. 1919); sold after her death...

Andrews family of Rathenny House

Andrews, John (d. c.1688) of Rathenny. A cornet in the Cromwellian army. He married Alice, daughter of Thomas Maunsell of Derryvillane (Cork) and had issue:
(1) John Andrews (d. 1732) (q.v.);
(2) Aphra Andrews; married [forename unknown] Dixon.
He was granted the Rathenny estate by letters patent dated 12 February 1667.
He died about 1688.

Andrews, John (d. 1732) of Rathenny. Only recorded son of John Andrews (d. c.1688) and his wife Alice, daughter of Thomas Maunsell of Derryvillane (Cork). He married, 1682, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Cole, kt., of Ballymackey (Tipperary) and had issue:
(1) Robert Andrews (d. 1743) (q.v.);
(2) Maunsell Andrews (c.1690-1769) (q.v.);
(3) Thomas Andrews; died in the lifetime of his father;
(4) Anna Andrews; married [forename unknown] Allen;
(5) Mary Andrews; married [forename unknown] Allen;
(6) Elizabeth Andrews; married James Johnston;
(7) Rebecca Andrews; married [forename unknown] Cole;
(8) Aphra Andrews; married Joseph Smith.
He inherited the Rathenny estate from his father in about 1688.
He died in 1732.

Andrews, Robert (d. 1743) of Rathenny. Eldest son of John Andrews (d. 1732) of Rathenny and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Cole, kt. of Ballymackey (Tipperary). He may have married Aphra, daughter of Thomas Boles of Ballinacurra (Co. Cork) and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Andrews (fl. 1748); married Richard Hawkshaw and had issue one son.
He inherited the Rathenny estate from his father in 1732. At his death the estate passed to his younger brother.
He died in 1743.

Maunsell Andrews (d. 1769)
Andrews, Maunsell (c.1690-1769) of Rathenny.  Second son of John Andrews (d. 1732) of Rathenny and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Cole, kt. of Ballymackey (Tipperary), born about 1690. He married, 1719, Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Toler of Beechwood (Tipperary) and had issue:
(1) John Andrews (fl. 1753-69) (q.v.);
(2) Robert Andrews;
(3) Daniel Andrews;
(4) Maunsell Andrews; Lt. in 83rd Foot; married, 1774, Mary, daughter of [forename unknown] Alley and widow of Samuel Gason (d. 1772) and had issue;
(5) Jane Andrews; married, 1759, George Jackson;
(6) Eleanor Andrews; married, 1761, Richard Hawkshaw (perhaps the same man as her cousin had married earlier);
(7) Catherine Andrews; married, 1759, George Pepper.
He inherited the Rathenny estate from his elder brother in 1743.
He died 24 February 1769.

John Andrews
Andrews, John (fl. 1753-69) of Rathenny. Eldest son of Maunsell Andrews (d. 1769) of Rathenny, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Toler of Beechwood (Tipperary), born c.1721.  He married 1st, 1753, Emilia, daughter of Christopher Nicholson of Balrath (Meath) and 2nd, 1766, Ann, daughter of Humphrey Jones of Mullinabro (Kilkenny) and had issue:
(1.1) Elizabeth Andrews; married, Feb. 1787 at Birr (Offaly), Corker Wright (d. 1828) of Rutland, Shinrone (Co. Offaly), and had issue;
(1.2) Eleanor Andrews; married, 7 February 1777, Capt. Simon Pepper of 14th Light Dragoons;
(1.3) Mary Andrews; married, 1807, George Lodge;
(1.4) Amelia Andrews; married, 1806, Richard Lysaght;
(2.1) John Andrews; perhaps the person of this name educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1785); died without issue;
(2.2) Maunsell Andrews (1769-1864) (q.v.);
(2.3) Humphrey Andrews; lost at sea; died without issue;
(2.4) Christopher Andrews; died without issue;
(2.5) George Andrews; died without issue;
(2.6) Anna Maria Andrews; married, 1797, Vincent Lamb of Kilcoleman Park;
(2.7) Sarah Andrews; married, 1801, Humphrey Denis;
(2.8) Rebecca Andrews (d. 1864); married, 1801/4, Trevor Lloyd Blunden (c.1776-1854) of Ballyduggan and had issue.
He inherited the Rathenny estate from his father in 1769.
His date of death is unknown, but was before 1806.

Maunsell Andrews
Andrews, Maunsell (1769-1864) of Rathenny. Eldest surviving son of John Andrews (fl. 1753-69) and his second wife, Ann, daughter of Humphrey Jones of Mullinabro (Kilkenny), born 1769. High Sheriff of Co. Offaly (Kings County), 1806 and JP for the same county. He married 1st, 1792, Mary, daughter of Samuel Gason of Knockinglass and 2nd, 1801, Mary, daughter of Rev. Ralph Hawtrey, rector of Gaulskill (Kilkenny) and had issue:
(2.1) John Hawtrey Andrews (c.1802-79) (q.v.);
(2.2) Sarah Andrews (c.1804-1881); died unmarried;
(2.3) Maunsell Hawtrey Andrews (c.1805-88); educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1821); Captain in the Lower Ormond Infantry (Tipperary militia) in the 1820s; in the 1850s, owned Annamore (Kerry) which he leased to the Roche family; married, 17 November 1843 at Rathkeale (Limerick), Ellen, daughter of John Saunders, but died without issue, 21 January 1888; will proved in Dublin, 26 March 1888 (estate £3,376 in Ireland and £1,520 in England);
(2.4) Charlotte Hawtrey Andrews (1813-80); died unmarried, 29 April 1880;
(2.5) Maria Andrews (c.1815-87); married, 1833, Prof. Charles Benson MD (d. 1880), President of the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland and had issue; died in Dublin, 24 December 1887; will proved 1 February 1888 (estate £9,488 in Ireland; £1,953 in England)
(2.6) George V. Andrews (c.1815-1907); educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1832); married, 2 November 1853, Elizabeth Lucy, daughter of Rev. William Minchin of Greenhills (Offaly) and widow of Johnstone Stoney of Emell Castle and had issue a daughter; died 3 February 1907;
(2.7) Marianne Andrews; married, 1835, Dr John Thwaites MD (1804-76) of Ceylon and had issue;
(2.8) Catherine Andrews (d. 1881); died unmarried, 26 December 1881;
(2.9) Elizabeth Andrews.
He inherited the Rathenny estate from his father and built a new house there in about 1800.
He died 2 July 1864, aged about 95.

Andrews, John Hawtrey (c.1802-79) of Rathenny. Eldest son of Maunsell Andrews (1769-1864) of Rathenny and his second wife Mary, daughter of Rev. Ralph Hawtrey of Gaulskill (Kilkenny), born about 1802.  Educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1821). He married, 1834, Elizabeth Georgina (c.1811-98), daughter of Robert Hall of Merton Hall (Tipperary) and had issue:
(1) Maunsell Hawtrey Andrews (c.1839-90) (q.v.);
(2) John Hall Andrews (later Hall) MD (c.1847-90) of Kilmore (Tipperary), married, 28 April 1880 at Stoke near Guildford (Surrey), Mary Letitia (b. c.1861) (who m.2, 11 July 1893, Alfred Grahame Bailey (1861-1941) of Dublin and had further issue), daughter of Edward Saunders of Ballinderry (Tipperary) and had issue a daughter; died 19 June 1890;
(3) Eliza (k/a Ida) Andrews (d. 1898); married, 17 June 1858 as his second wife, Ven. John Wright Bowles (1823-88), rector of Nenagh (Tipperary) and Archdeacon of Killaloe, and had issue three sons and two daughters; died 21 August 1898;
(4) Mary Hall Andrews (b. c.1836; fl. 1887); married, 12 July 1860 at Templeharry, Maj-Gen. [Sir] John Hamilton Cox CB (c.1817-87) (who in 1877 claimed and assumed the baronetcy of Cox of Dunmanway, now believed to have become extinct in 1873) and had issue three sons and two daughters;
(5) Anne Hall Andrews (b. c.1840); married, 22 May 1862 at Templeharry, John Morton of Dublin, and had issue;
(6) Robina Hall Andrews; married, 1874, Joseph Charles MacGrath of Windsor Lodge, Kingstown (Dublin) and had issue;
(7) Sarah Georgina Andrews (c.1845-77); married, 1864, Capt. Robert Jocelyn Waller (1837-1915) of Summerville, Nenagh (Tipperary) and had issue; died 6 August 1877.
He inherited Rathenny from his father in 1864.
He died 12 December 1879.

Andrews, Maunsell Hawtrey (d. 1890) of Rathenny. Elder son of John Hawtrey Andrews (c.1802-79) of Rathenny and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Hall of Merton Hall (Tipperary), born about 1839.  He married, 1873, Catherine Mary (k/a Kate) (d. 1919), daughter of John Bolton of Altavilla (Offaly) and had issue:
(1) John Bolton Andrews (1874-1916) (q.v.);
(2) Maunsell Hawtrey Andrews (1876-1906), born 27 November 1876; died without issue, 3 March 1906; administration of goods granted to mother, 9 April 1913.
He inherited the Rathenny estate from his father in 1879.
He died 2 January 1890. His widow died 14 March 1919.

Andrews, John Bolton (1874-1916) of Rathenny. Elder son of Maunsell Andrews (d. 1890) of Rathenny and his wife Kate Mary, daughter of John Bolton of Altavilla (Offaly), born 9 March 1874. JP for County Offaly. 
He inherited the Rathenny estate from his father in 1890.
He died 24 November 1916; his will was proved 12 February 1917 (estate £1,811).

Burke's Landed Gentry of Ireland, 1912, p. 9; F.M. Hawtrey, The history of the Hawtrey family, 1903, i, pp. 495-98;

Location of archives
No significant archive is known to survive.

Coat of arms
Vert, a saltire or surmounted by another gules.

Thursday 18 September 2014

(140) Andrews of Little Lever and Rivington

Andrews of Little Lever & Rivington
This family claims descent from the Andrew family of Charwelton in Northamptonshire, and the connection is evidenced by their coat of arms, which is almost identical, although the precise descent cannot be established. The family's connection with Lancashire began with Nicholas Andrew or Andrews (d. 1626), who was a younger son of William Andrew of Twywell in Northamptonshire and was apprenticed to a salter in London. He seems to have been successful in business and about 1613 married Heath, the daughter and eventual heiress of Thomas Lever of Little Lever (Lancs). Through their marriage settlement, he acquired a one-third share in the manor of Little Lever in 1624, and he appears to have been resident on the estate at the time of his death in 1626. He died comparatively young, and his heir, John Andrews (1616-78) did not come of age until 1637. He then moved quickly to purchase the remaining two-thirds of the Little Lever estate in 1640, firmly establishing his gentry status.  During the Civil War, John took the Parliamentarian side and was a Captain in the Parliamentary army, and later, when the presbyterian system was set up in Lancashire, he was chosen as one of the ruling elders of the church in the Bolton district. The nonconformist tradition of the family remained strong throughout future generations, with 17th century Presbyterianism giving place to Unitarianism in the 18th and 19th centuries.

John Andrews (1616-78) married twice, and his second wife was the only daughter and heiress of his neighbour, Robert Lever of Darcy Lever (Lancs).  As a result of this marriage, one half of the manor of Rivington, on the other side of Bolton, came to John Andrews (1654-1700) on Lever's death in 1688, and this John's son, John Andrews (1684-1743) bought the other moiety, which included Rivington Hall, from the Breres family in 1729. Rivington Hall would appear to have become the family's principal seat from this time onwards, and John seems to have been responsible for some improvement works on the estate, including building the folly tower of 1733 on Rivington Pike.

When John Andrews died in 1743, a life interest in the family estates passed to Joseph Wilson (d. 1765), a Bolton solicitor, who had married Andrews' daughter, Abigail (1709-41). Wilson died without surviving issue and the Rivington and Little Lever estates reverted to Robert Andrews (1741-93), who was a great-nephew of John Andrews.  Robert almost at once set about a major rebuilding of Rivington Hall, completed in 1774, and at the same time seems to have demolished most or all of the old house at Little Lever, where the exploitation of coal mines may already have rendered the estate undesirable as a gentry residence.

Robert Andrews was succeeded his elder son, Robert Andrews (1785-1858), who remained unmarried and died without issue. His brother, John Andrews (1786-1865), succeeded, but he too was unmarried, so on his death the estate passed to his sister's grandson, John William Crompton (1834-1905), who had been brought up in a middle-class household in Liverpool. In the 1840s, Robert Andrews sold parts of the estate to Liverpool Corporation for the building of water supply reservoirs, which ultimately greatly improved the setting of the house and estate, and he probably also sold the family's interests at Little Lever.  In the 1880s and 1890s, unwise investments led J.W. Crompton into debt, and he was at last obliged to sell the whole property in 1899.  

The Oaks, Upton: home of Andrews Crompton from 1915-33.
The buyer was William Hesketh Lever, later 1st Viscount Leverhulme, who developed the estate as a playground for the people of his home town of Bolton. As part of the sale, Crompton negotiated the right for he and his wife to remain living at Rivington Hall until their deaths. Mrs Crompton died in 1910, and their son, Andrews Crompton (1870-1933), tried unsuccessfully to extend the arrangement. A few years later, however, his wife inherited The Oaks at Upton near Chester from her father, and they lived there until he died in 1933, after which it was sold and became a golf club.

Little Lever Hall, Lancashire
Almost nothing is known of the history of this house, which stood on the site of Little Lever High School, in Church Lane.  It is said to have been a semi-timbered building of the 15th or 16th century, and was largely demolished in about 1775. It seems likely that it was abandoned and taken down after the Andrews family completed the new house at Rivington in 1774. The name still appears on an Ordnance Survey map of the 1840s, but whatever fragment of the house or outbuildings survived at that time was no longer a gentry residence.

Descent: Thomas Lever; to daughter, Heath Lever, wife of Nicholas Andrew (d. 1626); to son, John Andrew (d. 1678); to son, John Andrews (fl. 1682); to son, John Andrews (1684-1743); to daughter, Abigail Andrews, wife of Joseph Wilson (d. 1765) of Manchester; to first cousin once removed, Robert Andrews (1741-93), who demolished the Hall; to son, Robert Andrews (1785-1858), who probably sold the property.

Rivington Hall, Lancashire
Rivington Hall from the west.

There has been a house on this site since before 1477, when Robert Pilkington employed William Holden to add a hall and cross-chamber with two large windows six feet broad to the existing building at a cost of nine marks (£6).  The result is said to have been a quadrangular semi-timbered house with a central square court, approached through a gateway, but as the house seems to have had only four hearths in the mid 17th century, it must have been on a small scale.  
Rivington Hall: old stonework in the rear
wings, photographed c.1900
This old house was largely taken down in 1774, but some old stonework surviving in the rear wings show that not all of it was demolished.  Amongst these features are datestones of 1694 and 1700, attesting to a late 17th century modernisation by the Breres.

The present building is a five bay, two-storey red brick house built in 1774 for Robert Andrews, with a pedimented one-bay centrepiece and a tripartite entrance. In the group of barns to the rear of the house is a most impressive, probably 16th century, cruck-framed barn 105 feet in length, which was restored and altered by Jonathan Simpson, c.1903-04 for Lord Leverhulme. The stable block formerly to the east of the house had datestones of 1713, with the initials of the Breres, and 1732, with the initials of John and Abigail Andrews.

Rivington Hall: entrance front. Image: Dave & Carolyn Sawyer. Licenced under this Creative Commons licence

Rivington Hall in the 1840s: from the OS 6" map published in 1849. The house is the smaller block to the south.

In 1847-57 the setting of the estate was radically altered when Liverpool Corporation created a series of eight linked water supply reservoirs in a shallow valley west of the house and village.  William Hesketh Lever (later Lord Leverhulme) bought the estate from J.W. Crompton and his wife in 1899, although the Cromptons reserved the right to continue living in the hall until they died.  Lord Leverhulme laid out the land east of the reservoirs as a public park, with several avenues and much informal planting by Thomas Mawson.  The cruck barn became a refreshment house and function room.  He also built a full-size replica of the 13th century ruins of Liverpool Castle on the lake shore, reproducing the castle from plans of 1892 by E.W. Cox that captured the original building immediately prior to its demolition in 1725.  The long reservoirs, the park, and the sham castle create a landscape of considerable beauty, which Lord Leverhulme intended to benefit the citizens of his home town of Bolton, a few miles away.  However, after a dispute the estate was acquired by Liverpool Corporation which was fanatical about protecting the catchment area of its water supply.  The Corporation also bought, and demolished, Roynton Cottage, the bungalow which Lord Leverhulme built for himself on the steep hillside below Rivington Pike (which had already been burnt by suffragettes and rebuilt), and the moorland garden there which T.H. Mawson created from 1905.  The gardens fell into complete decay, but have been restored since the 1970s, largely by the British Trust for Conservation Volunteers.

The tower on Rivington Pike, built in 1733.  Link to image source.

On the highest point of the estate, at Rivington Pike, is a single-storey folly tower with stepped battlements, which was built by the mason Henry Lathom in 1733 for John Andrews.  It was originally heated and was probably used as a hunting lodge.  A moulding in the form of a pointed arch over the door points at a faintly Gothick influence, but this far north and this early, it must be a case of Survival rather than Revival.

Descent: James Pilkington sold 1611 to Thomas Breres (d. 1617) and Robert Lever (d. 1620). The Lever moiety passed to his son, Robert Lever (d. 1644); to nephew, Robert Lever (c.1608-88); to daughter, Jane Lever, wife of John Andrew (c.1616-78); to son, John Andrews (1684-1743); to daughter, Abigail Andrews, wife of Joseph Wilson (d. 1765) of Manchester; to first cousin once removed, Robert Andrews (1741-93); to son, Robert Andrews (1785-1858); to brother, John Andrews (d. 1865); to great-nephew, John William Crompton (1834-1905), who sold 1899 to William Hesketh Lever (1851-1925), 1st Viscount Leverhulme.  The Breres moiety passed to son, Thomas Breres (d. 1673); to brother, Rev. John Breres (d. 1696); to son, William Breres (d. 1723); to son, John Breres who sold 1729 to John Andrews (1684-1743).

Andrews family of Little Lever and Rivington

Andrew(s), Nicholas (d. 1626). Fourth son of William Andrew of Twywell (Northants) and his wife Bridget Rysly of Oundle (Northants), perhaps born about 1580. Citizen and salter of London. He and his children are recorded as both Andrew and Andrews, although the latter form became standardised later. He married, about 1613, Heath (fl. 1626), daughter of Thomas Lever esq. of Little Lever (Lancs) and had issue:
(1) John Andrews (1616-78) (q.v.);
(2) Rev. Sampson Andrews (1616-57), baptised 17 December 1616; educated at Emmanuel and Kings Colleges, Cambridge (admitted 1634; BA 1637/8); minister of Corton Denham (Somerset); married Joane [surname unknown] and had issue one son and two daughters; will proved in PCC, 2 June 1657;
(3) Thomas Andrews (fl. 1626), born between 1617 and 1623; died without issue;
(4) Elizabeth Andrews (b. 1621; fl. 1626), baptised 19 November 1621;
(5) William Andrews (b. 1624), baptised 30 May 1624; died without issue;
(6) Hannah Andrews (b. 1625), baptised 27 June 1625; married, 26 August 1669 at St Martin in the Fields (Middx), Edward Young, citizen and merchant tailor of London;
(7) Heath Andrews (fl. 1626); probably the person of this name who married, 2 December 1651 at Prestwich (Lancs), Miles Marshall;
(8) Marah or Mary Andrews (b. 1627), born posthumously and baptised 31 January 1626/7.
Under his marriage settlement, he acquired a one-third share in the manor of Little Lever from 1624.
He died in 1626; his will was proved in the PCC 12 April 1627.

Andrews, John (1616-78). Eldest son of Nicholas Andrew(s) (d. 1626) and his wife Heath, daughter of Thomas Lever of Little Lever, baptised 17 March 1615/6. A Captain in the Parliamentarian army during the Civil War and a Presbyterian; when the presbyterian system was set up in Lancashire, he was chosen as one of the ruling elders for the Bolton district.  He married 1st, 24 October 1647 at Manchester Cathedral, Sarah (d. 1651), daughter of William Bourne of Broadgate (Staffs) and 2nd, c.1653, Jane, daughter and heiress of Robert Lever of Darcy Lever (Lancs), and had issue:
(1.1) William Andrews (b. & d. 1648), baptised 7 September 1648; died in infancy and was buried at Manchester, 19 September 1648;
(1.2) Mary Andrews (1650-1704?), born 24 and baptised 28 January 1649/50; married, 28 December 1670 at Bolton, James Grundy MB of Lancaster and had issue; perhaps the Mary Grundy who was buried at Wardleworth (Lancs), 20 March 1704;
(2.1) John Andrews (1654-1700) (q.v.);
(2.2) Robert Andrews (b. 1655), born 2 and baptised 11 November 1655; a physician in Liverpool; died unmarried;
(2.3) Nicholas Andrews (1658-73), born 1 and baptised 10 January 1657/8; died young and was buried at Bolton, 30 May 1673;
(2.4) Thomas Andrews (1660-66), born 11 and baptised 21 May 1660; died young and was buried at Bolton, 30 April 1666;
(2.5) Ellen Andrews (b. 1664), born 31 January and baptised 4 February 1663/4;
(2.6) Elizabeth Andrews; married, 10 May 1688 at Bolton, Christopher Marsden of Manchester and had issue.
He inherited one third of Little Lever manor from his father in 1626 and purchased the rest of the estate in 1640. His second marriage brought one moiety of the Rivington estate to the family on the death of his father-in-law in 1688.
He died in 1678. His first wife was buried 29 August 1651. His second wife's date of death has not been found.

Andrews, John (1654-1700).  Eldest son of John Andrews (c.1616-78) and his second wife, Jane, daughter of Robert Lever of Darcy Lever (Lancs), born 21 and baptised 29 January 1653/4. He married, 6 July 1682, Anna/Hannah (d. 1715), daughter of Robert Mort of Wharton Hall, Little Hulton (Lancs) and had issue:
(1) John Andrews (1684-1743) (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Andrews (fl. 1687); probably died young;
(3) Robert Andrews (1687-1732) (q.v.);
(4) Marah or Mary Andrews (1690-1733), born 16 and baptised 29 May 1690; married, 30 November 1713, John Sharples of Sharples (Lancs) and had issue; buried 22 June 1733;
(5) Anne Andrews (d. 1741); married, 14 August 1714, John Walmsley of Wigan (Lancs) and had issue; buried at Brindle (Lancs), 9 March 1741.
He inherited the Little Lever estate from his father in 1678, and one moiety of the manor of Rivington from his maternal grandfather in 1688.
He died in December 1700. His widow was buried 19 March 1715.

Andrews, John (1684-1743). Elder son of John Andrews (d. 1700) and his wife Anna, daughter of Robert Mort of Wharton Hall, Little Hulton, baptised 18 September 1684. Solicitor practising in Bolton. He married, 19 May 1707 at Bolton, Abigail (fl. 1734), daughter of Thomas Crook of Abram (Lancs) and co-heir of her brother Richard Crook (d. 1727) and had issue:
(1) Anna Andrews (1708-12), baptised 20 February 1707/8; died young and was buried 14 May 1712;
(2) Abigail Andrews (1709-41) (q.v.);
(3) Lydia Andrews (c.1710-11); died in infancy and was buried 19 September 1711;
(4) Lydia Andrews (b. 1711), baptised 23 September 1711; died young;
(5) Jane Andrews (d. 1712); buried 19 May 1712;
(6) Hannah Andrews (d. 1716); buried 25 April 1716;
(7) John Andrews (b. 1714), baptised 1 September 1714; died young;
(8) Lydia Andrews (1718-36), born 21 and baptised 26 December 1718; died unmarried and was buried 20 June 1736.
He inherited the Little Lever and Rivington estates from his father, and purchased the second moiety of the Rivington estate in 1729.
He was buried 13 September 1743. His wife was living in 1734 but her date of death has not been found.

Andrews, Abigail (1709-41). Only surviving child of John Andrews (1684-1743) and his wife Abigail, daughter of Thomas Crook of Abram (Lancs), baptised 19 April 1709. She married, 29 September 1737 at Bolton, Joseph Wilson (d. 1765) of Manchester and Bolton, attorney-at-law, and had issue:
(1) Lydia Wilson (1738-55), born 18 and baptised 27 September 1738; died without issue and was buried at Bolton, 16 February 1755;
(2) John Andrew Wilson (1741-60), born 16 and baptised 26 March 1741; educated at Warrington Dissenting Academy, where he died of smallpox without issue, 10 April 1760, aged 19.
Her husband inherited the Little Lever and Rivington estates from her father in 1743.
She was buried 27 November 1741.  Her husband was buried 30 July 1765.

Andrews, Robert (1687-1732) of Bolton. Second son of John Andrews (d. 1700) and his wife Anna, daughter of Robert Mort of Wharton Hall, Little Hulton, born 14 and baptised 23 March 1687. He married, 30 December 1712, Hannah (d. 1741), daughter of Joseph Crompton of Hacking and Bolton-le-Moors (Lancs), and had issue:
(1) John Andrews (d. 1716); died young; buried 17 July 1716;
(2) Joseph Andrews (1715-49) (q.v.);
(3) Mary Andrews (1717-20), born 7 September 1717; died young, November 1720;
(4) Hannah Andrews (1719-1801), born 5 August 1719; married, 9 December 1740, Peter Dorning of Prestal (Lancs) but had no surviving issue; died 19 August 1801;
(5) Jane Andrews (1720-25), born 16 March 1720/1; died young and was buried 2 September 1725;
(6) Rev. Robert Andrews (1723-66); educated at the Dissenting academy, Kendal; Presbyterian minister at Lydgate, Kirkburton (Yorks), 1747-53, Platt Chapel, Rusholme (Lancs), 1753-56, and Bridgnorth from 1756, where he remained till his health broke down and he became mad; poet and translator of Virgil; married Hannah Hazlewood (d. 1815) of Bridgnorth, but died without issue;
(7) Cicely Andrews (1724-34), born 12 February 1724; died young and was buried 18 October 1734;
(8) Thomas Andrews; died young;
(9) Nicholas Andrews (d. 1730); died young and was buried 4 March 1729/30;
(10) James Andrews (1728-68) of Manchester and later of Bolton-le-Moors, born 4 February 1728; married, 31 October 1750 at Eccles (Lancs), Susanna (d. 1787), second daughter and eventually heiress of Robert Dukinfield of Manchester, and had issue five daughters, of whom three died young; buried at Bolton, 27 November 1768.
He was buried 22 January 1731/2. His widow was buried 24 October 1741.

Andrews, Joseph (1715-49) of Bolton. Eldest surviving son of Robert Andrews (1687-1732) of Bolton-le-Moors and his wife Hannah, daughter of Joseph Crompton of Hackin (Lancs), born 25 November 1715. He married, 24 July 1734, Hannah (d. 1757), daughter of Edward Kenyon, and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Andrews (1736-38), born 13 October 1736; died in infancy and was buried 29 September 1738;
(2) Mary Andrews (1738-1820), born 29 April 1738; died unmarried, 21 March 1820;
(3) Hannah Andrews (b. 1740), born 13 April 1740; married, 5 August 1766 at St Nicholas, Liverpool, John Fletcher of Liverpool and had issue four sons and three daughters;
(4) Robert Andrews (1741-93) (q.v.);
(5) Jane Andrews (1743-44), born 9 March 1743; died in infancy and was buried 11 October 1744.
He died 29 October and was buried at Bolton, 31 October 1749. His widow was buried at Bolton, 20 February 1757.

Andrews, Robert (1741-93) of Little Lever and Rivington. Only son of Joseph Andrews (1715-49) and his wife Hannah, daughter of Edward Kenyon, born 30 December 1741. JP for Lancashire. He married 1st, 7 October 1766 at Rivington, Mary (d. 1768), daughter of Samuel Darbishire of Bolton-le-Moors and 2nd, 17 May 1781 at Guiseley (Yorks WR), Sarah (d. 1791), daughter of Thomas Cockshott of Guiseley, and had issue:
(2.1) Hannah Maria Andrews (1783-1859) (q.v.);
(2.2) Robert Andrews (1785-1858) (q.v.);
(2.3) John Andrews (1786-1865), born 25 July and baptised at Rivington Unitarian Church, 7 November 1786; died unmarried, 22 December 1865; will proved 29 January 1866 (estate under £3,000).
He inherited the Little Lever and Rivington estates from his cousin's widower in 1765, rebuilt Rivington Hall in 1774, and demolished Little Lever Hall.
He died 13 August and was buried at Rivington, 16 August 1793. His first wife died without issue and was buried at Turton Chapel, 5 August 1768. His second wife was buried at Rivington, 2 May 1791.

Andrews, Robert (1785-1858) of Little Lever and Rivington. Elder son of Robert Andrews (1741-93) and his second wife Sarah, daughter of Thomas Cockshott of Marlow (Yorks), born 13 January and baptised at Rivington Unitarian Church, 24 May 1785. JP for Lancashire, 1835. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Little Lever and Rivington estates from his father in 1793, and made some improvements to Rivington Hall in 1820. At his death his estates passed to his brother (d. 1865) and then to his great-nephew, John William Crompton.
He died 4 July 1858 and is commemorated by a monument in Rivington Unitarian Church; his will was proved 20 August 1858 (estate under £14,000).

Andrews, Hannah Maria (1783-1859).  Only daughter of Robert Andrews (1741-93) and his second wife Sarah, daughter of Thomas Cockshott of Marlow (Yorks), born 21 July 1783. She married, 20 June 1803 at St Nicholas, Liverpool, her cousin, Robert Fletcher (1776-1849) of Toxteth Park, Liverpool, merchant, and had issue:
(1) Robert Andrews Fletcher (1804-50), born 31 July 1804; died unmarried, December 1850; will proved 15 March 1851 at Chester and 7 February 1852 in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury;
(2) Jane Fletcher (1806-82); born 21 July and baptised at Paradise St. Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, 25 September 1806; died unmarried at Rivington Hall, 15 April 1882; will proved 16 May 1882 (estate £7,003);
(3) Sarah Fletcher (1808-83), born 29 July and baptised at Paradise St. Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, 9 November 1808; died unmarried at Rivington Hall, 1 December 1883; will proved 10 December 1885 (estate £5,090);
(4) Lucy Fletcher (1810-48) (q.v.);
(5) Mary Ann Fletcher (1813-91), born 24 October 1813 and baptised at Paradise St. Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, 24 March 1816; teacher in a Liverpool school in 1851; died unmarried at Rivington Hall, 27 September 1891; will proved 20 April 1892 (estate £4,219);
(6) Catharine Fletcher (1816-80), born 19 July 1816; died unmarried at Rivington Hall, 4 June 1880; will proved 26 August 1880 (estate under £6,000).
She died 22 June 1859; her will was proved 9 November 1859 (estate under £3,000). Her husband died in 1849.

Fletcher, Lucy (1810-48). Daughter of Robert Fletcher of Toxteth Park, Liverpool and his wife Hannah Maria, daughter of Robert Andrews of Little Lever and Rivington, born 23 August 1810 and baptised at Kaye Street Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, 16 January 1812. She married, 25 March 1834 at Walton-on-the-Hill (Lancs), Woodhouse Crompton (1809-42) of Liverpool, merchant, son of John William Crompton of Birmingham; he was described as "a man of the warmest heart and most active spirit of earnest lover of the various pursuits of natural history".  They had issue:
(1) John William Crompton (1834-1905) (q.v.);
(2) Robert Andrews Crompton (1836-89), born 8 August and baptised at Renshaw Street Unitarian Chapel, 20 December 1836; married, 1872, Henrietta Fletcher (d. 1891), but had no issue; died 31 August 1889; will proved 18 October 1889 (estate £2,913);
(3) Samuel Crompton (b. 1838), born 26 May 1838; educated at Knutsford Unitarian School; probably died young;
(4) Joseph Crompton (1840-1901), born 17 January 1840; educated at Knutsford Unitarian School; emigrated to South Australia, 1860 and worked there in partnership with Henry Clark of Stonyfell as one of the pioneering vignerons in South Australia; later developed a wide range of other manufacturing and exporting businesses; married, 8 May 1866 at Adelaide Unitarian Church, Susan Elizabeth (1846-1932), daughter of Francis Clark of Hazlewood and had issue seven sons and four daughters; died 27 April 1901;
(5) Harriet Crompton (b. 1841).
She died in Jul-Sept 1848. Her husband died 17 January 1842.

Crompton, John William (1834-1905). Eldest son of Woodhouse Crompton (d. 1842) of Liverpool and his wife Lucy, daughter of Robert Fletcher of Toxteth Park, Liverpool, born 13 December 1834 and baptised 20 December 1836 at Renshaw Street Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool.  In partnership with Edmund Peel Potter as a chemical manufacturer at Little Lever, c.1870-72; the business being continued by Potter alone after 1872. He married, 1868, Margaret Evelyn (1844-1910), daughter of Andrew Leighton of Liverpool, commission agent, and had issue:
(1) Andrews Crompton (1870-1933) of Garstang (Lancs) and later The Oaks, Upton (Cheshire), born about January 1870; married, 21 July 1907 at Rivington, Theresa Richardson (1877-1958), daughter of William Richardson Moss of The Oaks, Upton (Cheshire) and had issue one son and one daughter; died 4 February 1933; will proved 5 April 1933 (estate £11,305).
He inherited the Rivington estate from his great-uncle in 1865, but sold it in 1899 to William Hesketh Lever (1851-1925), 1st Viscount Leverhulme.
He died 23 March 1905 and he and his family are commemorated by a monument in Rivington Unitarian church; his will was proved 6 May 1905 (estate £3,456). His widow died 11 February 1910; administration of her estate was granted 8 April 1910 (estate £151).


Burke's Landed Gentry, 1850, supplement p.5; S. Lewis, A topographical dictionary of England, 1848, vol. 3, pp. 74-78; W.F. Irvine, A short history of the township of Rivington, 1904; J.M. Robinson, The country houses of the north-west, 1991, p. 230; C. Hartwell & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Lancashire - North, 2009, p. 578.

Location of archives
Andrews family of Little Lever and Rivington: Deeds and papers of Pilkington and Andrews estates in Ainsworth, Little Lever, Middleton and Rivington c.1300-c.1880 [Lancashire Archives, DDHw]

Coat of arms
Gules, a saltire or, surmounted of another, vert, in chief a trefoil argent for difference.

This post was first published 18th September 2014, and was updated 6th April and 3rd June 2015. I am grateful for additional information supplied by Phil Norris and Simon Potter.