|Anne family of Frickley|
At the Reformation, the Anne family retained their Catholic faith and in the late 16th and 17th centuries they were amongst the most ardent Recusants in Yorkshire, consistently intermarrying with other Catholic families and fairly openly adhering to the Catholic faith and harbouring Catholic priests. Martin Anne (d. 1589) seems to have been reasonably discreet about his adherence to the old religion, but his younger brother William may have been the Catholic priest known as Fr. John Amyas who was martyred at York in 1588/89, and his nephew Fr. William Anlaby certainly suffered the same fate in 1597; both men have been beatified by the Roman Catholic church. Martin's son, George Anne (d. 1620) was known to the authorities as a Recusant and his estate was seized in 1591 and had to be redeemed by a rental payment. Through his marriage he acquired the Burghwallis estate in addition to Frickley, although the latter remained the family's principal seat until it was sold in 1750. Despite the acquisition of Burghwallis, he fell into arrears with his redemption payments and in 1604 he was obliged to sell the manor of Roall near Goole to clear his debts. He and his son, Philip Anne (1591-1647), who also compounded for his recusancy, continued to accumulate debts, and Philip owed £2,400 at his death.
After the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 the financial penalties facing Recusant families were less severe, and under King James II Michael Anne (1626-1709) was briefly a JP for the West Riding. He was also able to arrange a good marriage for his son and heir, Michael Anne (1653-1717) with Jane, the daughter of Lord Langdale. The younger Michael's son, Marmaduke Anne, died aged about 30 in 1722, and left a young family. Two of his three daughters became nuns on the Continent, and he left Frickley to his elder son and Burghwallis to the younger. Michael Anne (fl. 1750), who inherited Frickley, sold it in 1750, and thereafter Burghwallis became the principal family seat. It was extensively remodelled for George Anne (1775-1802), presumably after he came of age in 1796, but the identity of the architect involved is not known. When George died unexpectedly of scarlet fever in 1802, leaving no son, the estate passed to his younger brother, Michael Anne (1777-1853), who continued to improve the estate. In 1810 he married Maria (1792-1844), the daughter of George Crathorne, and under the complicated provisions of her mother's first husband's will, inherited the Bodney estate in Norfolk on condition that he took the name of Tasburgh.
Michael Tasburgh, as he became, undertook a further remodelling of Burghwallis Hall in the 1820s, and took his family to live on the continent while the works were in progress. He seems to have enjoyed life in Paris where there were many Catholic ex-patriot families and he was able to mix in the best society, and in the end the family stayed there almost continuously until 1828. In 1833 his wife inherited the Crathorne estate under trusts which secured her control of the property, and her husband's attempts to persuade her to settle it upon their son seems to have led in 1835 to a permanent breach between husband and wife: at her death, Maria left the estate between her surviving daughters. We know a lot about Michael and his family because his youngest daughter Barbara's memoir of her life was published in 1950. Michael does not emerge as a sympathetic character from its pages: selfish in his own pleasures, he denied his children toys; found lodgings in Paris in damp and gloomy houses which made his wife ill; and appears to have tried to use undue influence on her in the matter of the disposition of the Crathorne estate. His son George (1813-82), who resumed the surname Anne, seems to have been made of rather similar cloth, and perhaps fortunately never married. When he died in Italy in 1882, the male line of the Annes expired, and Burghwallis passed to his nephew, Ernest Lambert Swinburne Charlton (1852-1939), who took the surname Anne in 1883. Ernest was in effect the last of the Annes of Burghwallis; when he died the estate passed to his son, George Charlton Anne (1886-1960), who put the estate up for sale in lots in 1942 and sold the Hall itself to the Sisters of Charity in 1946 for use as a retirement home for elderly ladies, a role it has fulfilled under several different Catholic owners down to 2014.
Frickley Hall, Yorkshire (West Riding)
|Frickley Hall in 2010. Image: Michelle Dudley. All rights reserved|
The medieval and Tudor house of the Anne family occupied a moated site at Park Farm, and building work was in progress there in 1572. The house is said to have been destroyed by fire in about 1760, shortly after the Anne family sold it. The moat was altered as part of landscaping works in the early 19th century, when a chain of fishponds was merged with the moat around the house platform.
The present Hall was built on a new site in the park, probably soon after 1760, for Anthony Wharton of Carhouse (c.1728-73), who bought the estate from the Annes. It was given its present appearance by Richard Kennet Dawson (1793-1850) in about 1820. It has a five bay entrance front facing north, with a pedimented Doric porch, and a seven-bay east front with a three-bay pediment enclosing an oval window. The windows are without architraves, although bays two and six on the ground floor have consoled cornices. The rear service wing shows clear evidence of the remodelling of an earlier range in a different stone. Inside, the inner hall has a cantilevered stone staircase with fluted square balusters and a rectangular lantern with a coffered central panel. A first floor room has an interesting Arts & Crafts fireplace with a beaten copper surround and motto ‘East West Hame’s Best’, and contemporary wall cupboards and shelving. For an account of its later Warde-Aldam owners, see my post on that family.
Burghwallis Hall, Yorkshire (West Riding)The original hall appears to have stood on a moated site in the park of the later house, but it was probably abandoned in the early 16th century when a new Tudor manor house was built on the present site. The existing house preserves evidence of this Tudor house of the Gascoignes in the roof timbers of the central and earliest part of the building, a chimneystack on the east front, and some remains of a priest-hole which was only rediscovered in the early 20th century.
|Burghwallis Hall from the air, showing the 1797/1820 block at the right-hand end, with its prominent gables,|
the jumble of older ranges behind, and the long tail of outbuildings and 20th century convent extensions
After the Anne family sold their ancestral estate at Frickley in 1750, Burghwallis became their principal seat, and this is no doubt why it was partially rebuilt for George Anne (d. 1802) in about 1797. He built a new two-storey stuccoed front range of five bays with a pediment over the central three bays, and in doing so pulled down part of the old house including the Catholic chapel which the family had maintained in the attics. To replace this he also built a new red brick chapel amongst the outbuildings of the house.
The remodelling of the house was probably always intended to be the first phase of a campaign of works to modernise the estate, which was continued by George's brother and successor, Michael Anne (later Tasburgh). About 1809 he realigned the road through the village to create a more parklike setting for the house; demolished many of the old cottages near the church and built new ones west of the house; and in 1813 he improved the estate by enclosing the commons. In 1820 he returned his attention to the house and 'rudely medievalized' the new block built by his brother to give it a more fashionably Tudor appearance and unify it with the older gabled ranges behind; he removed the pediment, added an extra storey and five gables, and stripped off the stucco. In Victorian times, a new porch was built on the entrance front.
|Burghwallis Hall: the entrance front and Victorian porch|
The house was sold by the Anne family to a Catholic order of nuns in the 1940s for use as a care home for elderly ladies, and additions were made to the north end of the house for this purpose. In 2014 the present owners, the Catholic diocese of Hallam, announced that this would close, and the future of the house is uncertain.
Descent: Richard Fenton; to daughter, Margaret, wife of George Anne (d. 1620); to son, Philip Anne (1591-1647); to son, Michael Anne (b. c.1626); to son, Michael Anne (b. c.1654); to son, Marmaduke Anne (d. 1722); to son, George Anne (1717-85); to son, George Anne (1775-1802); to brother, Michael Anne (later Tasburgh) (1777-1853); to son, George Anne (1813-82); to nephew, Ernest Lambert Swinburne Charlton (later Anne) (1852-1939); to son, George Charlton Anne (b. 1886), who sold 1946 to Sisters of Charity; sold 1986 to the Dominican sisters of Oakford; sold 1998 to the Catholic Diocese of Hallam.
Anne family of Frickley and Burghwallis Hall
Anne, John (d. 1520) of Frickley. Mentioned in the will of Edward Cresacre, sub-dean of York, 1504. He married Katherine (d. 1523/4), daughter and co-heir of Thomas Preston of Hickleton (Yorks WR) and had issue:
(1) John Anne (d. 1545) (q.v.);
(2) William Anne (fl. 1545);
(2) Kateryn Anne; probably died before 1524;
(3) Jane Anne (d. 1559); married John Peck of Haselden Hall, Wakefield (Yorks WR) and had issue nine sons and nine daughters;
(4) Joan Anne; married Sir Henry Gramercy and had issue one son and one daughter;
(5) Alice Anne (fl. 1524); married Thomas Green;
(6) Elisabeth Anne (fl. 1524); married Brian Oates;
(7) Anne Anne (fl. 1524); married George More of More Hall.
He inherited the Frickley estate from his father.
He died in 1520; administration of goods granted 14 December 1520. His widow's will was proved at York, 3 March 1523/4.
Anne, John (d. 1545) of Frickley. Only son of John Anne (d. 1520) and his wife Katherine, daughter of Thomas Preston of Hickleton (Yorks). He married 1st, Margaret, daughter of Sir Henry Hercy of Grove and 2nd, Katherine, daughter of John Hotham of Scarborough (Yorks ER), and had issue:
(1.1) A son, who died young;
(2.1) Christopher Anne (1521-46); married Margaret/Anne, daughter of Sir Nicholas Fairfax of Gilling Castle but died without issue; administration of goods granted 25 June 1546;
(2.2) Martin Anne (d. 1589) (q.v.);
(2.3) Peter Anne (d. 1563); administration of goods granted 4 August 1563;
(2.4) Gabriel Anne (d. 1588) of Cridling Park; married 1st, [forename unknown] Garth of Durham, and 2nd, Anne (d. 1592), daughter of Ralph Aungier of Redness, by whom he had issue one son; buried at Darrington, 4 February 1587/8;
(2.5) William Anne (fl. 1545); possibly the real identity of the priest known as Fr. John Amyas, who was martyred at York, 15 March 1588/9;
(2.6) Dorothy Anne; married John Anlaby of Etton and had issue including two sons (one of whom was Fr. William Anlaby (c.1552-97), a Roman Catholic priest who was martyred at York) and one daughter;
(2.7) Isabel Anne; married Bartholomew Trigott of South Kirkby and had issue one son and four daughters.
He inherited the Frickley estate from his father in 1520. At his death it passed first to his eldest son, Christopher, and then to his second son, Martin Anne.
He died 28 August 1545; his will was proved at York, 24 November 1545.
Anne, Martin (d. 1589) of Frickley. Eldest surviving son of John Anne (d. 1545) of Frickley and his second wife, Katherine, daughter of Sir John Hotham of Scarborough (Yorks ER). He married 1st, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Neville of Ragnall (Notts) and 2nd, Frances (d. 1579), daughter of Ralph Aungier of Redness and had, among other issue:
(1.1) John Anne; died young;
(2.1) George Anne (d. 1620)
(2.2) Gervaise Anne (c.1558-1606); educated at Exeter College, Oxford (matriculated 1575); will proved in London, 20 September 1606;
(2.3) Elizabeth Anne (d. 1589); married 1st, Francis Gascoigne (d. 1576) of Gawthorpe Hall and 2nd, Marmaduke Tyrwhitt and had issue a daughter by her second husband; died 1589;
(2.4) Dorothy Anne (fl. 1604); married John Tyndall (fl. 1604) of Brotherton;
(2.5) Jane Anne; married 1st, Edward Grice of Wakefield (d. by 1586) and 2nd, Thomas Hopton of Cold Hiendly;
(2.6) Mary Anne; married John Gascoigne Ellis (fl. 1585-1612) of Kiddal and had issue ten sons and four daughters;
(2.7) Alice Anne; married Richard Danby of South Cave (Yorks ER);
(2.8) Agnes Anne (d. 1588); married, 17 April 1582 at Adwick, Francis Holmes of Hampole Priory Farm;
(2.9) Frances Anne; unmarried in 1589.
He inherited the Frickley estate from his half-brother, and was involved in building work at Frickley in 1572.
He died in 1589; his will was proved 7 October 1589. His second wife was buried 4 January 1579.
Anne, George (d. 1620) of Frickley and Burghwallis. Eldest surviving son of Martin Anne (d. 1589) of Frickley and his second wife, Frances, daughter of Ralph Augert or Aucher, born about 1560. An ardent and convicted Recusant, whose estate was seized in 1591 and had to be redeemed by a rental payment, which was £394 in arrears by 1613. He married Margaret (d. 1641), daughter and sole heir of Richard Fenton of Derbyshire and had issue:
(1) John Anne; died in childhood;
(2) Philip Anne (1590/1-1647) (q.v.);
(3) Rev. George Anne OSJ (d. 1660); a Jesuit priest; died unmarried;
(4) Thomas Anne (d. 1671?) of Sutton (Wilts); married and had issue;
(5) John Anne (fl. 1653) of Ripon (Yorks WR);
(6) Mary Anne (b. c.1585; fl. 1653); married Francis? Conyers;
(7) Bridget Anne (c.1602-39); a nun of the order of the Poor Clares at Gravelines, Flanders; died 22 December 1639;
(8) Frances Anne; a nun in Flanders;
(9) Catherine Anne (d. 1656); married [forename unknown] Bright MD of Beverley (Yorks ER); will proved in London, 24 November 1656;
(10) Martha Anne; married Charles Forster (fl. 1653), son and heir of Sir Richard Forster, 1st bt. of Stokesley (Yorks);
(11) Elizabeth Anne; married Thomas Lepton of Kepwick (Yorks);
(12) Jane Anne.
He inherited the Frickley estate from his father in 1589, and acquired the Burghwallis estate through his marriage. In 1604 he sold the manor of Roall to help him meet his liabilities.
He died in 1620.
Anne, Philip (1591-1647) of Frickley and Burghwallis. Eldest surviving son of George Anne (d. 1620) and his wife Margaret, daughter of Richard Fenton of Burghwallis, born 1590/1. He compounded for his recusancy in 1626 and left debts of £2,400 at his death. He married Ellen, daughter and co-heir of Hugh Sherbourn of Esholt (Yorks) and had issue:
(1) John Anne; died unmarried;
(2) Richard Anne; died unmarried;
(3) George Anne; died unmarried;
(4) Michael Anne (1626-1709) (q.v.);
(5) Philip Anne (d. 1660); married Margaret, daughter of Ambrose Pudsey of Stanwick and Pickton; died without issue; will proved in PCC, 19 July 1660;
(6) Jane Anne; died unmarried;
(7) Elizabeth Anne; died unmarried;
(8) Helen Anne; died unmarried;
(9) Margaret Anne; died unmarried.
He inherited the Frickley and Burghwallis estates from his father in 1620.
He died in 1647.
Anne, Michael (1626-1709) of Frickley and Burghwallis. Eldest surviving son of Philip Anne (1591-1647) and his wife Ellen, daughter of Hugh Sherburn of Esholt (Yorks), born 7 April 1626. JP for West Riding of Yorkshire under King James II. He married 1st, c.1649, Eleanor, daughter of Robert Stapleton of Templehurst (Yorks) and 2nd, 1668, Frances (b. c.1640), daughter of Sir Francis Fortescue, and had issue:
(1.1) Elizabeth Anne (c.1650-72); married, 1669, Anthony Saltmarsh (1644-75) of Strubby; died 28 March 1672;
(1.2) Michael Anne (1653-1717) (q.v.);
(1.3) George Anne (c.1656-1730); married Margaret, daughter of Thomas Fitzwilliam of Doncaster and widow of John Roundell of Hutton Wansley; buried at Burghwallis, 20 March 1730;
(1.4) Ursula Anne; died unmarried and probably young;
(1.5) Ellen Anne (b. & d. 1660), baptised 4 November 1660; died in infancy and was buried, 5 November 1660;
(2.1) Frances Anne (1676-1751); married Edward Killingbeck (1677-1746) and had issue five sons and six daughters; died September 1751.
He inherited the Frickley and Burghwallis estates from his father in 1647.
He died in 1709; his will was proved at York.
Anne, Michael (1653-1717) of Frickley and Burghwallis. Elder son of Michael Anne (1626-1709) and his first wife, Eleanor, daughter of Robert Stapleton of Templehurst (Yorks), born 1653. He married, 1675/6, the Hon. Jane (d. 1730), daughter of Marmaduke Langdale, 2nd Baron Langdale, and had issue:
(1) Michael Anne (d. 1711); married Elizabeth, daughter of Francis Howard of Corby (Cumberland) and widow of William Errington; died in the lifetime of his father and was buried at Burghwallis, 19 March 1710/11;
(2) Marmaduke Anne (d. 1722) (q.v.)
(3) Elizabeth Anne; died young;
(4) Anne Anne.
He inherited the Frickley and Burghwallis estates from his father in 1709.
He was buried at Burghwallis, 20 March 1716/7; administration of goods granted 15 June 1717. His widow was buried at Burghwallis, 23 October 1730.
Anne, Marmaduke (d. 1722) of Frickley and Burghwallis. Son of Michael Anne (1653-1717) and his wife Jane, daughter of 2nd Lord Langdale. He married, c.1713*, Elizabeth (1692-1762), daughter of Robert Plumpton of Plumpton (who married 2nd, William Knight of Frickley and had further issue) and had issue:
(1) Jane Anne; died young aged 7;
(2) Elizabeth Anne (1715-94), a Benedictine nun at Cambrai whose name in religion was Anselma (professed 1735; later Cellarer); died in prison in Compiègne, 14 January 1794;
(3) Michael Anne (b. 1716; fl. 1750), baptised 10 September 1716; inherited the Frickley estate from his father but sold it in 1750;
(4) Anne Anne (b. c.1716); married, 3 July 1739 at Clayton (Yorks), Arnold Knight (d. 1771?) of Buslingthorpe (Lincs) and had issue;
(5) George Anne (1717-85) (q.v.);
(6) Philip Anne (b. 1719), born 29 September 1719; died young;
(7) Jane Anne (1721-53), born 16 April 1721; a nun of the order of the Poor Clares at Gravelines, Flanders (name in religion Sister Mary Joseph; professed 1740; later Infirmarian); died 8 May 1753.
He inherited the Frickley and Burghwallis estates from his father in 1713. At his death Frickley passed to his elder son and Burghwallis to his younger son.
He died 18/28 August 1722; his will was proved at York, 1 July 1723. His widow remarried but became insane; her will was proved 31 July 1762.
*The marriage is often stated to have taken place in 1716, but that is the date of the marriage settlement, and the dates of birth of the children show the marriage must have been several years earlier.
Anne, George (1717-85) of Frickley and Burghwallis. Second but eldest surviving son of Marmaduke Anne (d. 1722) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Plumpton of Plumpton, baptised 22 November 1717. He married 1st, 1 April 1745, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Walton of Windermere (Westmorld) and widow of Thomas Cholmeley of Brandsby (Yorks), and 2nd, 1773, Mary (d. 1816), daughter of Robert Needham of Hilston (Monmouths) and had issue:
(1.1) Elizabeth Anne (c.1744-60); died unmarried and was buried at Trinity, Micklegate, York, 25 March 1760;
(2.1) George Marmaduke Anne (1775-1802); married, 9 May 1796, Frances Editha (d. 1844), daughter and co-heir of William Gage of York, but died without issue of scarlet fever, 27 July 1802; will proved at York, February 1803;
(2.2) Michael Anne (1777-1853) (q.v.).
He inherited the Frickley and Burghwallis estates from his father but sold Frickley in 1750 to Anthony Wharton. After his death, Burghwallis passed in turn to his two sons.
He died 5 June 1785 and was buried at Burghwallis. His widow died 15 June and was buried at Burghwallis, 20 June 1816.
Anne (later Tasburgh), Michael (1777-1853) of Burghwallis Hall. Second son of George Anne (1717-85) and his second wife Mary, daughter of Robert Needham of Hilston (Monmouths), born 4 October 1777. He assumed the surname of Tasburgh by royal licence on his marriage in 1810 as a condition of succeeding to the Bodney (Norfolk) estate of his wife's mother's first husband. He travelled in France in 1815, and lived there while Burghwallis Hall was being altered, 1821-30. He married, 23 April 1810 (separated 1835), Maria Augusta Rosalia (1792-1844), daughter and heir of George Crathorne (later Tasburgh, then Crathorne) and had issue:
(1) Mary Barbara Tasburgh (1810-61), born 18 December 1810; educated at the Fossés convent, Paris; married, 28 February 1837 at Hainton (Lincs), Charles Gregory Fairfax (1797-1871) of Gilling Castle (Yorks), but died without issue, 20 October 1861; administration of goods granted 25 January 1873 (estate under £9,000);
(2) Frances Tasburgh (1811-42), born November 1811; educated at the Fossés convent, Paris; married, 17 January 1833 at Burghwallis, George Fieschi Heneage MP (1800-64) of Hainton Hall (Lincs) and had issue; died 13 November 1842;
(3) George Anne (1813-82), born 27 July 1813; educated at Dresden University, 1831-33; JP for Yorkshire (WR); always used the surname Anne in preference to Tasburgh; died unmarried in Italy, 25 August 1882;
(4) Barbara Tasburgh (1815-98), born at Hampstead, 31 May 1815; educated at the Fossés and Sacré Coeur convents, Paris; married, 20 June 1839 at St Mary Bryanston Square, London, William Henry Charlton (1811-80) of Hesleyside (Northumbld) and had issue four sons and two daughters, of whom Ernest Lambert Swinburne Charlton succeeded to the Burghwallis estate in 1882; her memoir of her life was published in 1950 as Recollections of a Northumbrian Lady, 1815-66; died 30 January 1898;
(5) Michael Tasburgh (1818-19), born 20 June 1818; died in infancy, 15 January 1819;
(6) Michael Tasburgh (1823-27), born at Versailles (France), 15 December 1823; died young in Paris, 4 April 1827;
He inherited the Burghwallis estate from his elder brother in 1802 and an estate at Nateby (Lancs) through his Preston connections. He also inherited the Bodney (Norfolk) estate (where the hall was occupied by a community of French nuns until 1821 and demolished in 1833) through his wife in 1810; in 1833 she also inherited the Crathorne estate. He sold Nateby in 1806. At his death, Burghwallis and Bodney passed to his surviving son, who sold the Norfolk estate in 1855, while Burghwallis Hall passed in 1882 to his grandson, Ernest Lambert Swinburne Charlton. Crathorne, which remained in his wife's control, was shared between their three daughters.
He died at Calais, 10 July 1853. His wife died 'after a few hours' illness', 8 May 1844.
Charlton (later Anne), Maj. Ernest Lambert Swinburne (1852-1939). Second son of William Henry Charlton of Hesleyside and his wife Barbara Anne, daughter of Michael Anne (later Tasburgh) of Burghwallis Hall (Yorks), born 17 September 1852. Educated at Oratory School and Royal Military College, Sandhurst. JP for Yorkshire (WR). Captain in 2nd Battn, Border Regiment and Major in 3rd Battn, Derbyshire Regt. He assumed the surname of Anne only by royal licence, 31 May 1883, after succeeding to the Burghwallis estate, and quartered the arms of Anne and Charlton. He married, 20 January 1885, Edith (d. 1937), fourth daughter of Sir Thomas George Augustus Parkyns, 5th bt., of Bunny Hall (Notts) and had issue:
(1) Maj. George Charlton Anne (1886-1960) (q.v.);
(2) Ernestine Mary Charlton Anne (1887-1985); Commandant of the Catholic Women's League Army Division, 1914-16; Organising Secretary of Catholic Women's League from 1917; died unmarried, 18 April 1985, aged 97;
(3) Maj. Hesleytyne Oswald Charlton Anne (b. 1888; fl. 1965), born 21 August 1888; educated at Oratory School and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; Major in Royal Artillery (served in WW1, mentioned in despatches); awarded Croix de Guerre and MC, 1919; married, 21 February 1928, Doris Lemprière (1902-94), daughter of Capt. Hugh Tyser of Maidenhead (Berks) and had issue one son; died in or after 1965;
(4) Maj. Crathorne Edward Isham Charlton Anne (1892-1917), born 2 December 1892; served in WW1 as Major seconded to the RAF; chief instructor at a school of military aeronautics; he was drowned when the 'Arcadian' was torpedoed in the Aegean Sea, 1917, and for his bravery in rescuing others on that day he was recommended for the VC; mentioned in despatches twice; married, 1916, Annie Charlton Ellen (d. 1943), daughter of William Miller of Edinburgh (who m2, John Bentley Foster (d. 1939) of Skelton Hall (Yorks) and had issue); died 15 April 1917.
He inherited the Burghwallis Hall estate from his uncle in 1882.
He died 25 November 1939. His wife died 31 May and was buried at Burghwallis, 4 June 1937.
Anne, Maj. George Charlton (1886-1960) OBE. Eldest son of Ernest Lambert Swinburne Anne (né Charlton) (1852-1939) and his wife Edith, daughter of Sir Thomas Parkyns, 5th bt. of Bunny Hall (Notts), born 11 February 1886. Educated at Oratory School and Exeter College, Oxford. ADC to Governor of Gold Coast (Ghana), 1909-10; served in WW1 as Major in King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (mentioned in despatches); seconded to RAF (Squadron-Leader) and continued to serve into the 1920s. He married 1st, 29 June 1910, Amy Violet (d. 1935), daughter of James Montagu of Melton Park (Yorks) and 2nd, 22 January 1938, Constance, youngest daughter of Alfred Dagnall of Park Lodge, Wanstead (Essex), and had issue:
(1.1) Michael Anne (1911-80), born 24 March 1911; educated at Ampleforth and Christ Church, Oxford; served in Colonial Civil Service in Tanganyika (where he was mauled by a lioness, 1937); married, 10 July 1935, Barbara Helen (1911-89), elder daughter of Hugh Lonsdale Brooksbank of Tickhill (Yorks WR) and had issue a daughter; died 1980;
(1.2) Barbara Anne (b. 1912; fl. 1937), born 1912; married, 21 January 1937, Brian Robb (1913-79), son of Andrew Robb of London.
(1.3) Maj. Frederick John Anne (later Charlton) (b. 1914) of Hesleyside, born 9 November 1914; educated at Ampleforth and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; assumed the name of Charlton only on inheriting the Hesleyside estate from his father-in-law, 1950; High Sheriff of Northumberland, 1957; married, 4 March 1944, Mary Ellen Patricia, only child of William Henry Charlton of Hesleyside (Northbld) and had issue five daughters;
(1.4) Robert Anne (1919-41), born 15 October 1919; educated at Ampleforth; pilot in RAF; killed on active service, 30 June 1941;
He inherited the Burghwallis estate from his father in 1939, but sold it in lots between 1942 and 1946. He lived subsequently in the Brighton area of Sussex.
He died 14 February 1960 and his will was proved 23 June 1960 (estate £64,158). His first wife died 17 November 1935.
Burke's Landed Gentry, 1952, p. 47; L.E.O. Charlton (ed.), The recollections of a Northumbrian lady 1815-66, 1950; J.T. Cliffe, The Yorkshire gentry from the reformation to the Civil War, 1969, p. 365; M.L.P. Burns, Burghwallis and Bentley: a comparative study of the development of two South Yorkshire parishes, MA thesis, Sheffield University, 1996;
Location of archives
Anne, Crathorne and Tasburgh families of Burghwallis: deeds, manorial, estate and family papers, 13th-19th cents. [Yorkshire Archaeological Society, MD218]; deeds and estate papers, 1688-1905 [Doncaster Archives, DD/ANNE, DX/BAX]
Coat of arms
This account was first published 18 October 2014, and was revised 19 October 2014, 20 September 2015 and 10 February 2018.