|Acheson, Earls of Gosford|
coat of arms
Sir Archibald Acheson, 6th baronet (1718-90), who was an MP in the Irish Parliament for thirty-five years, was created 1st Baron Gosford in 1776 and 1st Viscount Gosford in 1785. In the 1780s he remodelled and modernised Gosford House, but it was burned down in about 1805, shortly before the death of the 2nd Viscount, who had been created 1st Earl of Gosford in 1806. The 2nd Earl (1776-1849), who married the only daughter and heiress of Robert Sparrow of Worlingham Hall (Suffolk), began the rebuilding of Gosford to the designs of Thomas Hopper as a vast neo-Norman castle in 1819-21: a project which was only completed by his son in 1862. The 2nd Earl also expanded his Co. Armagh estate to about 12,000 acres by purchasing most of the property of the Richardson family of Richhill (his mother’s family) and all the surviving property of the Graham family, formerly of Ballyheriden (the latter rounding off the existing Gosford estate in the manor of Drumorgan, round Hamiltons Bawn). In 1835, the 2nd Earl was created Baron Worlingham of Beccles in the UK peerage, giving him a seat in the House of Lords, and sent to North America as Governor of Lower Canada, 1835-38. He became separated from his wife, who returned to live at Worlingham Hall until her death in 1841, after which it was sold.
Clonkearney Manor (Co. Armagh)
Descent: Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st bt. (d. 1634); to son, Sir Patrick Acheson, 2nd bt. (1611-38); to half-brother, Sir George Acheson, 3rd bt. (1629-85).
Gosford House, later Gosford Castle (Co. Armagh)
|Gosford Castle: view from the open courtyard|
The rather grim though undeniably impressive exterior, all executed in crisp ashlar, is essentially Picturesque in its composition of square and circular masses, but lacks the harmonious qualities evident in Hopper's other and later great neo-Norman castle at Penrhyn in north Wales.
|Gosford Castle, showing the entrance block (with round towers) added by Burn in 1859-62|
Descent: Sir George Acheson, 3rd bt. (1629-85); to son, Sir Nicholas Acheson, 4th bt. (c1656-1701); to son, Sir Arthur Acheson, 5th bt. (1688-1749); to son, Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Viscount Gosford (1718-90); to son, Sir Arthur Acheson, 1st Earl of Gosford (c1742-1807); to son, Sir Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford (1776-1849); to son, Sir Archibald Acheson, 3rd Earl of Gosford (1806-64); to son, Sir Archibald Acheson, 4th Earl of Gosford (1841-1922); to son, Sir Archibald Acheson, 5th Earl of Gosford (1877-1954); to son, Sir Archibald Acheson, 6th Earl of Gosford (1911-66), who sold 1958.
Worlingham Hall (Suffolk)
|Worlingham Hall as engraved in 1818.|
The Acheson family of Gosford
(1.1) Sir Patrick Acheson, 2nd bt. (1611-38) (q.v.);(1.2) Jane Acheson, married, 1628, Sir Lewis Lauder (1599-1641) of Over Gogar and Alderstoun (Midlothian), and had issue three sons and one daughter; living in 1663;(1.3) Margaret Acheson (d. after 1659?), married, 13 January 1629/30, Sir William Cockburn (1601-50), 2nd bt. of Langton (Berwicks), MP for Berwickshire, 1640-41, and had issue one (or two) sons and four daughters; apparently living in 1659;(2.1) Sir George Acheson, 3rd bt. (1629-85) (q.v.).
Acheson, Sir Nicholas (c.1656-1701), 4th bt. Only son of Sir George Acheson (1629-85), 3rd bt. and his first wife, Nichola, daughter of Sir Robert Hannay, bt., born about 1656. High Sheriff of Co. Armagh, 1695; MP for Co. Armagh 1695-99. He married, 1686, Anne (d. c.1743), only daughter of Thomas Taylor of Kells (Meath), and had issue:
(1) Sir Arthur Acheson (1688-1749), 5th bt. (q.v.);(2) Nichola Acheson (b. c.1690), born about 1690; married Sir William Johnston (d. 1722), kt., of Gilford (Co. Down), High Sheriff of Co. Down, 1717 and Co. Armagh, 1721, and had issue four sons and one daughter;(3) George Acheson; died without issue;(4) Henrietta Acheson; married 1st, William Johnston of Ballynametagh (Co. Armagh), and had issue two sons and one daughter; married 2nd, her half first-cousin, Acheson Moore (1691-1770) of Garvey House, Ravella and Aughnacloy (Co. Tyrone), an eccentric Jacobite who planned his estate in the shape of a thistle to demonstrate his loyalty to the Stuarts.
(1) Nicholas Acheson (c. 1716-17), baptised at St Martin-in-the Fields, Westminster (Middx), 17 May 1716; died in infancy and was buried at St. Audoen, Dublin, 12 January 1716/17;(2) Philip Acheson (c. 1717-27); died young and was buried at St. Audoen, Dublin, 22 May 1727;(3) Sir Archibald Acheson (1718-90), 6th bt. and 1st Viscount Gosford (q.v.);(4) Thomas Philip Acheson; died young;(5) Capt. Arthur Acheson (c.1721-58), born about 1721; educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1739; BA 1744); an officer in the Royal Irish Carabineers (Capt.); married, 1753 (licence 30 June), Jane (d. 1800), daughter of John King of Charlestown (Co. Roscommon) (who married 2nd, 1763, Abraham Creighton (d. 1772), 1st Baron Erne of Crom Castle (Co. Fermanagh)), and had issue one son and two daughters (who all died young); he died 23 June 1758;(6) Anne Acheson (c.1722-85), born about 1722; married, 1742, Rt. Rev. Walter Cope DD (1712-87) of Drumilly (Co. Armagh), Dean of Dromore, 1759-72, Bishop of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh, 1772-82 and Bishop of Ferns & Leighlin 1782-87, but had no issue; died 11 March 1785;(7) Nichola Acheson (1725-62), married, 4 April 1746 at St Mary, Dublin, Robert French* (1716-79) of Monivea Castle (Co. Galway), barrister-at-law, eldest son of Patrick French of Monivea, and had issue four sons and one daughter; died 1762.
|1st Viscount Gosford|
(1) The Hon. Anna Maria Acheson (b. c.1741), born about 1741; married 1st, 1758, Alexander Boyd (1742-70) of Ballycastle (Co. Antrim), High Sheriff of Co. Antrim, 1761, and had issue two daughters; married 2nd, 1772, Rev. Henry Maxwell (c.1729-1816), rector of Dromore (Co. Down), son of Capt. Robert Maxwell of Fellows Hall (Co. Armagh);(2) Sir Arthur Acheson (c.1742-1807), 2nd Viscount and 1st Earl of Gosford (q.v.);(3) John Acheson; died young before 1759;(4) The Hon. Nichola Acheson (c.1745-1821), born about 1745; married, 1763, Michael Obins (d. 1798) of Castle Obins, Portadown (Armagh) and had issue; died 4 May 1821 and was buried at Hemingford Abbots (Hunts), where she is commemorated by a monument;(5) Archibald Acheson; died young before 1759;(6) The Hon. Julia Henrietta Acheson (c.1748-1829), born about 1748; married, 1766, Alexander Macaulay (1734-1817) of Glenville (Co. Antrim), and had issue; she died 28 May 1829;(7) The Hon. George Acheson (c.1751-78); died unmarried, 16 March 1778;(8) The Hon. Lucinda Acheson (b. 1752; fl. 1824), born 1752; married 1st, 1776, Thomas St. George (1738-95), a commissioner of the Barrack Board and MP for Clogher in the Irish Parliament, second son of Dean St. George of Dublin; married 2nd, Col. Jeremiah ffrench (d. 1819) of Parsonstown (Co. Offaly), son of Robert ffrench (d. 1778/9) and his wife Nichola, daughter of Sir Arthur Acheson, 5th bt. (q.v.); living in 1824;(9) The Hon. Mary Acheson (d. 1799), married, 1778, Hugh Montgomery (d. 1797) of Castle Hume (Co. Fermanagh) and had issue; died 10 April 1799;(10) The Hon. Sophia Acheson (c.1756-1824); died unmarried at Cheltenham, August 1824.
|1st Earl of Gosford|
(1) Lady Olivia Acheson (1775-1863), born 30 January and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., Westminster, 26 February 1775; married, 14 March 1797, Brig-Gen. Robert Bernard Sparrow (1773-1805) of Brampton Park (Hunts) and Tanderagee Castle (Co. Armagh); died 12 February 1863; will proved 10 April 1863 (effects under £30,000);
(2) Archibald Acheson (1776-1849), 2nd Earl of Gosford (q.v.);(3) Lady Mary Acheson (1778-1843), baptised at St Marylebone (Middx), 1 March 1778; married, 19 February 1803 at St Marylebone, Lt-Gen. Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck GCB GCH MP (1774-1839), second son of 3rd Duke of Portland and Governor-General of India 1827-35, but had no issue; died 1 May 1843;(4) Arthur Acheson; died in infancy;(5) Col. Hon. Edward Acheson CB (c.1783-1828); an officer in the Coldstream Guards, who fought at Waterloo, 1815; after retiring from the army he became collector of customs for the port of Dublin, c.1819-28; died unmarried, 24 July 1828;(7) Lady Millicent Acheson (c.1790-1878), born between 1788 and 1798; married, 12 September 1826 at St George, Hanover Sq., Westminster, Rev. John Hurt Barber (c.1793-1872), rector of Aston Sandford (Bucks) 1821-27 and Little Stukeley (Hunts), 1827-60, son of John Barber (d. 1809) of Aston Sandford, but had no issue; she died 13 January 1878; administration of goods granted 14 March 1879 (effects under £25,000).(6) Arthur Pole Acheson (b. 1785), baptised at St Thomas, Dublin, 9 October 1785; died in infancy;
|2nd Earl of Gosford|
(1) Sir Archibald Acheson (1806-64), 3rd Earl of Gosford (q.v.)(2) Lady Mary Acheson (1809-50), born 27 June 1809; married, 9 July 1835, Hon. James Hewitt (1811-87), later 4th Viscount Lifford (who married 2nd, 9 December 1851, Lydia Lucy (1828-1919), daughter of of Rev John Digby Wingfield (later Wingfield-Digby), vicar of Coleshill (Warks) and widow of Charles Purdon-Coote of Ballyclough Castle (Co. Cork), and had furthur issue two sons and four daughters), and had issue five sons and two daughters; she died 13 March 1850;(3) Lady Millicent French Acheson (1810-87), born 26 July 1810; married, 28 May 1842 at St George, Hanover Sq., Westminster, Henry Bence-Jones FRS MD DCL (1813-73) of Brook St., Mayfair, physician, son of Henry Jones of Thorington Hall (Suffk), and had issue three sons and four daughters; she died 29 August 1887;(4) Lady Olivia Acheson (1811-52), born 2 December 1811 and baptised at St Marylebone, 10 April 1812; died unmarried, 28 March 1852; her will, proved in the PCC, 28 April 1852, left the bulk of her estate to the Roman Catholic church;(5) Lady Annabella Acheson (c.1817-49), born in Ireland about 1817; died unmarried, 26 July 1849; will proved in the PCC, 7 November 1849.
|3rd Earl of Gosford|
(1) Lady Gertrude Emily Acheson (1833-1927), born 30 June 1833; married, 20 February 1856, Francis John Savile Foljambe (1830-1917) of Osberton (Notts) and Aldwarke (Yorks), MP for East Retford, 1857-85, eldest son and heir of George Savile Foljambe, and had issue three sons; died 17 December 1927; administration of goods granted 16 March 1928 (estate £2,945);
(2) Lady Mary Acheson (1835-92), born 21 March and baptised at Worlingham, 24 April 1835; married, 27 February 1862, Hon. Leopold William Henry Fox-Powys (1837-93) of Bewsey Hall (Lancs), 2nd son of Thomas Atherton Powys, 3rd Baron Lilford and had issue six daughters; died 30 January 1892; administration of her goods granted 22 April 1892 (estate £1,129;
(3) Lady Edith Acheson (1837-1906), born 17 September and baptised at Worlingham, 16 November 1837; died unmarried, 14 August 1906 and was buried at Brompton Cemetery (Middx); will proved 30 August 1906 (estate £12,314);
(4) Lady Katharine French Acheson (1839-98), born 21 June and baptised at Worlingham, 1 August 1839*; married, 28 July 1868 at St George, Hanover Sq., Westminster, Capt. Frederick William Duncombe (1840-78) of Sydney House, Ryde (IoW), son of Adm. The Hon. Arthur Duncombe of Kilnwick Percy (Yorks) and had issue one son; died 5 March 1898 and was buried at Brompton Cemetery (Middx); will proved 19 April 1898 (effects £6,366);(5) Sir Archibald Brabazon Sparrow Acheson (1841-1922), 4th Earl of Gosford (q.v.)(6) Maj-Gen. The Hon. Edward Archibald Brabazon Acheson (1844-1921), born 22 May and baptised at Worlingham, 26 June 1844; married 1869 Clementina (c.1852-1929), daughter of Gen. Sir John Gaspard Le Marchant GCSI KCB (1803-74), and had issue four daughters; died 3 July 1921; will proved 26 August 1921 (estate £7,901).
(1) Sir Archibald Charles Montagu Brabazon Acheson (1877-1954), 5th Earl of Gosford (q.v.)(2) Lady Alexandra Louise Elizabeth Acheson (1878-1958), born 11 August 1878; married, 17 June 1905, Lt-Col. the Hon. Frederick William Stanley DSO (1878-1942), eighth son of Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, and had issue one son and two daughters; died 21 January 1958; administration of goods granted 5 June 1958 (estate £2,542);(3) Lady Mary Acheson (b. 1881), born 2 June and baptised at St Marylebone (Middx), 2 July 1881; married, 24 July 1906 at St George, Hanover Sq., Westminster, Hon. Robert Arthur Ward OBE MP (1871-1942), MP for Crewe, 1895-1900, third son of William Ward, 11th Baron Ward and 1st Earl of Dudley, and had issue one son and one daughter; death not traced;(4) Lady Theodosia Louisa Augusta Acheson (1882-1977), born 5 June 1882; married, 3 August 1912, Sir Alexander George Montagu Cadogan OM GCMG KCB PC (1884-1968), seventh son of George Henry Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan and had issue; died 16 October 1977 and was buried at Culford (Suffk); will proved 6 January 1978 (estate £15,950);(5) Capt. The Hon. Patrick George Edward Cavendish Acheson (1883-1957) RN, born 30 June 1883; an officer in the Royal Navy from 1897 (Lt., 1904; Cdr by 1915; Capt., 1928); awarded DSO and appointed MVO; married, 24 December 1915, Norah Wiseman (1894-1970), daughter of Alfred Jones of Halifax, Nova Scotia and had issue two sons (both killed in the Second World War) and one daughter; died at Palazzo salis Bondo-Promontagno, Grisons (Switzerland), 30 August 1957; will proved 28 November 1957 (estate £4,071).
|5th Earl of Gosford|
(1.1) Sir Archibald Alexander John Stanley Acheson (1911-66), 6th Earl of Gosford (q.v.);(1.2) Lady Patricia Acheson (b. & d. 1913), born 4 August 1913 and died in infancy, 5 August 1913; buried at Windlesham Cemetery (Surrey);(1.3) The Hon. Patrick Bernard Victor Montagu Acheson (1915-2005), born 4 February 1915; lived at Leesburg, Virginia (USA); married, 21 December 1946, Judith (1925-2021), daughter of Earle P. Gillette (1900-51) of Minneapolis (USA) and adopted daughter of Frederick Blantford Bate (1886-1970) and had issue three sons (the eldest of whom is now heir presumptive to the peerage) and two daughters; died 13 June 2005;(1.4) Lady Camilla Mildred Nichola Acheson (1917-88), born 17 September 1917, married 1st, 25 November 1937 (div. 1949), Freiherr Johan Christoph Anton Hubert Maria Schenk von Stauffenberg (1911-2005) and had issue three sons; married 2nd, 20 June 1950, Axel Ernst-August Clamor Franz Albrecht Erich Leo Freiherr von dem Bussche-Streithorst* (1919-83), and had further issue two daughters; died in Washington DC (USA), 29 September 1988;(1.5) Lady Mary Virginia Shirley Acheson (1919-96), born 13 November 1919; married, 12 December 1941, Fernando Corcuera (d. 1978), son of Pedro L. Corcuera y Palomar of Mexico City and had issue; died in Mexico City, 23 April 1996.
|6th Earl of Gosford. Image: NPG|
(1.1) Lady (Francesca Georgina) Caroline Acheson (1940-91), born 23 April 1940; married, 15 September 1967 at Santa Barbara, California (USA), David Wallace Fleming (c.1931-91), son of Wallace Fleming of Santa Barbara and had issue; died at Santa Barbara, 14 August 1991;(1.2) Charles David Nicholas Alexander John Sparrow Acheson (b. 1942), 7th and present Earl of Gosford, born 13 July 1942; succeeded father, 17 February 1966; married, 1983, Lynette Redmond of Sydney (Australia);(1.3) Lady Isabella Augusta Acheson (b. 1950), born 17 January 1950; married, 1979 Tevita T. Maka of Nuku A'Lofa (Tonga) and had issue three sons; resident in Arizona, USA.
Location of archives
This page was first published 7 March 2013 and was revised 2 April and 30 August 2015, 4 December 2016, 1-7 September 2021.