|Bathurst of Lechlade|
Lechlade Place (aka Lanthorn House), GloucestershireThe manor house of Lechlade was recorded from 1270 and was used by the Earls of Cornwall on occasion in the 13th century. In about 1500 the hall of the manor house was dismantled and moved to Barnsley (Glos) - then in the same ownership - but in the late 16th century there was still a manor house at Lechlade, known as the Place. This was occupied by the Bathursts as their principal residence in the 17th century, and was evidently enlarged by Robert Bathurst (d. 1623), who refers in his will to 'the three Roomes of the new building of my nowe dwelling house'. The Tudor and Jacobean house is believed to have been rebuilt by Sir Edward Bathurst (d. 1674), 1st bt. It was later known as the Lanthorn House, on account of a large glazed cupola on top of it, and although no illustration of it is known, it sounds as if it was an early post-Restoration building with a tall hipped roof and central lantern, perhaps rather in the manner of Ashdown Park (Berks). It seems very possible that it was designed by Thomas Strong, who completed nearby Fairford Park (begun in 1661 to the design of his father, Valentine Strong), and who in 1665-66 built the first part of a new quadrangle at Trinity College, Oxford to the designs of Sir Christopher Wren. The man behind the work at Trinity was the college's President, Dr. Ralph Bathurst, a third cousin of Sir Edward and much the most distinguished of his contemporary relatives.
|Lechlade Manor House: the Georgian house built in the 1780s for Sir Jacob Wheate with the wings added by Richard Pace for George Milward, c.1820.|
|Tradecard of Robert Pace, builder, c.1820. Image: Bodleian Library MS. Eng. hist. c.298|
Clayhill House (now Claydon House), Lechlade, Gloucestershire
|Claydon House, Lechlade: the west front. Image: Vieve Forward. Some rights reserved.|
Bathurst family of Lechlade
(1.1) John Bathurst (fl. 1606) (q.v.);(1.2) Edward Bathurst (fl. 1576); living in 1576;(1.3) Paul Bathurst (c.1542-1626) [for whom see my previous post on the Bathurst family of Finchcocks](1.4) Stephen Bathurst (fl. 1576); living in 1576;(1.5) Robert Bathurst (fl. 1576); living in 1576;(1.6) Timothy Bathurst; probably died young before 1576;(1.7) Margery Bathurst; married William Sarre and had issue one son and one daughter; died before 1576;(1.8) A daughter; married, before 1559, Thomas Bishop; probably died before 1576;(1.9) Jane Bathurst; married, before 1559, Giles Francklin; living in 1576;(1.10) Mary Bathurst; married, 21 June 1563 at Horsmonden, Barnaby Nepekar; living in 1576;(1.11) Frances Bathurst; married, before 1559, Robert Clampard; living in 1576;(1.12) Grace Bathurst (d. 1566); died unmarried and was buried at Horsmonden, 24 November 1566;(2.1) Susanna Bathurst, born before 1559; unmarried in 1576;(2.2) Patience Bathurst, baptised at Horsmonden, 31 August 1561; married, 25 June 1582 at Goudhurst, Peter Colman;(2.3) Katherine Bathurst, baptised at Horsmonden, 9 April 1564; married, 26 September 1580, William Baker;(2.4) Grace Bathurst, baptised at Horsmonden, 26 October 1567; living in 1576.
(1) Robert Bathurst (1563-1623) (q.v.);(2) Elizabeth Bathurst; married [forename unknown] Heylyn, and had issue three sons and six daughters; died before 1623;(3) Katherine Bathurst; married [forename unknown] Spencer, and had issue; living in 1623.
(2.1) Mary Bathurst; living in 1623; died unmarried;(2.2) Elizabeth Bathurst; died young in the lifetime of her father;(2.3) Robert Bathurst (c.1612-28), born about 1612 as he was aged 10 at the heralds' visitation in 1623; inherited Lechlade from his father as a minor in 1623 and died unmarried, 1628;(2.4) Sir Edward Bathurst (c.1613-74), 1st bt. (q.v.).
(1.1) Lawrence Bathurst (1631-71) (q.v.);(1.2) Mary Bathurst (b. 1633; fl. 1684), baptised at Great Coxwell, 30 December 1633; married John Cooke (d. 1684) of Whitechapel (Middx) and Barborne, Claines (Worcs), surveyor of the Customs, son of Thomas Cooke of Redmarley Oliver, Great Witley (Worcs), and had issue three sons; living in 1684;(1.3) Sir Edward Bathurst (1635-88), 3rd bt. (q.v.);(1.4) Elizabeth Bathurst (b. c.1637); married, 16 January 1665/6 at Lechlade, Capt. Edward Gibbs (d. 1709?) of Gloucester, Customs Comptroller of Gloucester port, 1680; Commissioner of Excise and Hearthmoney Arrears in north and south Wales, c.1685-90 and deputy governor of Chepstow Castle (Mon.);(1.5) Anne Bathurst (1639-c.1704), baptised at Lechlade, 16 July 1639; perhaps to be identified with the author of a two-volume diary of 'Rhapsodical Meditations and Visions' covering the years 1679-96, now in the Bodleian Library; died unmarried, in or just before 1704;(1.6) Robert Bathurst (1639-40), baptised at Lechlade, 21 March 1638/9; died in infancy, 26 November 1640;(2.1) Robert Bathurst (c.1644-92) [see Bathurst of Clayhill below];(2.2) Lancelot Bathurst (1646-c.1701); emigrated to New Kent County, Virginia (USA); attorney in Virginia by 1680; Deputy Attorney General for Virginia, 1684; Clerk of the Council of the Virginia colony, 1689; JP for New Kent County by 1699; married [name unknown] and had issue one son and three daughters; his descendants are said to have settled in Jamaica; he was dead by 1701;(2.3) Edward Bathurst (c.1647-1719); educated at Westminster and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1667; BA 1670; MA 1673); Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, 1673; ordained priest, 1677; vicar of Arrington (Cambs), 1687-94, Chesterton (Cambs), 1694-95; Trumpington, 1695-1719 and Bottisham (Cambs), 1708-16; died unmarried, 25 February, and was buried in Trinity College chapel, 1 March 1718/9; will proved in the PCC, 16 April 1719;(2.4) Charles Bathurst (b. c.1649) of Covent Garden, London, draper;(2.5) Susanna Bathurst (c.1650-1716); married 1st, 18 September 1674 at Lechlade, Robert Jordan of Lechlade, 2nd, 13 January 1683 at Buscot (Berks), Rev. John Orchard (d. 1694) of Eaton Hastings (Berks); and 3rd, 7 April 1695 at Buscot, Rev. Richard Parsons LLD (c.1640-1711), vicar of Norton St Philip (Som.), 1669-1705, St Mary de Lode, Gloucester, 1674-87 and Driffield, 1674-1711 and Chancellor of the diocese of Gloucester, 1677-1711; died 1716; will proved 30 November 1716;(2.6) Annabella Bathurst (b. c.1653), born about 1653; married 1st, 24 April 1672 at Lechlade, William Goodenough (d. 1675) of Broughton Poggs (Oxon) and had one daughter (who died young); married 2nd, 12 August 1676 at Broughton Poggs, Rev. Thomas Kingston (d. 1711), vicar of Shrivenham (Berks), 1676-82 and rector of Buscot, 1682-1711, and had further issue three sons and two daughters; living in 1718;(2.7) Elizabeth Bathurst (b. c.1654), born about 1654; married, 15 January 1673/4 at Broughton Poggs (Oxon), Henry Willet of Broadwell (Oxon) and Lechlade;(2.8) Maria Bathurst (c.1656-1706), of Lechlade, born about 1656; died unmarried; administration of goods granted at Gloucester, 17 October 1706.
(1) Susannah Bathurst (b. 1660), baptised at Lechlade, 2 September 1660; died unmarried;(2) Anne Bathurst (d. 1693), born before 1665; inherited a moiety of the manor of Lechlade from her brother in 1676; married, 1686 (licence 9 February), John Greening, but had no issue;(3) Sir Edward Bathurst (1665-76), 2nd bt., probably the child of this name baptised at St Bartholomew the Great, London, 2 February 1664/5 (although the register gives the father's name as Edward Bathurst esq. of Lechlade); succeeded his grandfather as 2nd baronet, 6 August 1674; died aged 12 on 21 March, and was buried at Lechlade, 23 March 1675/6;(4) Mary Bathurst (d. 1742?); inherited a moiety of the manor of Lechlade from her brother in 1676; married, 28 January 1685/6 at Lechlade, George Coxeter (c.1659-1701) of the Middle Temple and Kennington (Berks), and had issue two sons and three daughters; living in 1721 and possibly the widow of this name buried at South Leigh (Oxon), 30 January 1741/2.
(1) Sir Edward Bathurst (1672-90), 4th bt., born about 1672; succeeded his father as 4th baronet, May 1688; educated at Winchester College; died unmarried before achieving his majority, 1690;(2) Walter Bathurst (1674-78), baptised at Lechlade, 8 December 1674; died young and was buried at Lechlade, 30 September 1678;(3) Sir Francis Bathurst (1676-1736), 5th bt. (q.v.);(4) Robert Bathurst (b. c.1677); married and had issue one daughter;(5) Charles Bathurst (b. 1679), baptised at Lechlade, 28 July 1679; educated at Gloucester Hall, Oxford (matriculated 1700; BA 1703); died unmarried;(6) Mary Bathurst (b. 1681), baptised at Lechlade, 1 August 1681; probably died unmarried.
(1.1) Edmund Bathurst (d. 1719); died young and was buried at Lechlade, 3 October 1719;(1.2) Sir Laurence Bathurst (1712-c.1780?), 6th bt., baptised 3 March 1712/3; educated at Westminster School (admitted 1721; King's Scholar, 1727); according to Loveday, when he was a child the 1st Lord Bathurst 'took him [in]..and would have given him the same education as his own Children, but he grew loose and my Lord has entirely discarded him'; he emigrated to America* and worked as a notary and as tutor for Jonathan Roberts of Montgomery county, Pennsylvania (USA); he married, 21 April 1741 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, one of the daughters of this family, Anne Roberts (1718-72), and is said to have had issue five sons and two daughters, most of whom predeceased him; some accounts state he was survived by one son and one daughter, and if so there could be descendants entitled to the baronetcy; said to have died about 1780 or alternatively in 1792;(1.3) Mary Bathurst (c.1715-36?); said to have died unmarried in Georgia in 1736;(1.4) Robert Bathurst (1719-39), baptised at Lechlade, 25 March 1719; 'ran away to Charleston', South Carolina (USA), 'to avoid paying his father's debt to the Trustees, and was killed by the Negroes', 9 September 1739;(1.5) Elizabeth Bathurst (b. c.1723), baptised at Lechlade, 19 October 1723; but said to have married**, 9 February 1734/5 in Georgia, Francis Piercy, gardener, who attempted to conceal her brother Robert's goods after he ran away from Georgia; they subsequently 'ran away to England', but no further record of them has been traced;(1.6) Martha Bathurst (c.1725-36??); said to have married**, 1 February 1734/5 in Georgia, William Baker; dead by September 1736.
Bathurst of Clayhill
(1) Robert Bathurst (d. 1670), buried at Lechlade, 30 May 1670;(2) Robert Bathurst (1671-1726) (q.v.);(3) Laurence Bathurst (b. 1672), baptised at Lechlade, 24 March 1671/2; died young before 1682;(4) Charles Bathurst (1674-1715), baptised at Lechlade, 13 July 1674; overseas merchant by 1700; will proved in the PCC, 12 January 1715;(5) Margaret Bathurst (1675-78), baptised at Lechlade, 6 January 1675/6; died young and was buried at Lechlade, 19 November 1678;(6) Mary alias Miriam Bathurst (1676-80), baptised at Lechlade, 14 December 1676; died young and was buried at Lechlade, 28 February 1679/80;(7) Susanna Bathurst (c.1677-78), born about 1677; buried at Lechlade, 18 December 1678;(8) Hannah Bathurst (b. 1679), baptised at Lechlade, 15 January 1679; died young before 1693;(9) Edmund Bathurst (b. 1680; fl. 1750), baptised at Lechlade, 21 September 1680; apprenticed to Thomas Truston, distiller; distiller at Queenhithe, London; Master of the Distillers Company, 1738; married, 28 August 1705 at Taunton, Elizabeth Ware, and had issue three sons and five daughters; living in 1750;(10) Laurence Bathurst (1682-83), baptised at Lechlade, 1 November 1682; died in infancy and was buried at Lechlade, 27 September 1683;(11) John Bathurst (1683-1715), baptised at Lechlade, 29 July 1683; apprenticed to Robert Nicholson of London, pewterer, 1697; later a distiller in London; married, 13 September 1710 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster (Middx), Anne Taylor, and had issue two sons; buried at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, 20 November 1715;(12) Thomas Bathurst (b. c.1685); living in 1693;(13) Daniel Bathurst (1687-1705), baptised at Lechlade, 9 June 1687; died unmarried and was buried at St Dunstan-in-the-West, London, 6 June 1705;(14) James Bathurst (b. c.1688); living in 1693;(15) Susanna Bathurst (c.1690-1715), born about 1690; will proved in the PCC, 1715.
(1) Robert Bathurst (1698-1765) (q.v.);(2) Susannah Bathurst (c.1700-77); married, 25 April 1728 at Coln St Aldwyn (Glos), Henry Bampton (1702-69), and had issue two sons and four daughters; died 8 June and was buried at Lechlade, 12 June 1777;(3) Mary Bathurst (1702-06), born 14 March 1701/2 and baptised at Lechlade; died young and was buried at Lechlade, 10 July 1706;(4) Ann Bathurst (b. 1703), born 14 October 1703 and baptised at Lechlade; married, 1753 (licence, 23 April) Robert Morgan of Lechlade, gent.;(5) Edward Bathurst (1705-62), born 9 February 1705; apprenticed to Benjamin de la Fountain of London, merchant, 1724; lived latterly at Cirencester (Glos); married, 1744, Barbara (1701-85), daughter of Richard Coxeter of Bampton (Oxon), but had no issue; died 29 August and was buried at Lechlade, 4 September 1762;(6) Katherine Bathurst; married Charles Bennet; living in 1765;(7) Elizabeth Bathurst; born before 1704??.
Location of archives
Coat of arms
Can you help?
- Can anyone provide a view of Lechlade Place alias the Lanthorn House prior to its demolition in the 1780s?
- Can anyone fill in the gaps in the ownership history of Claydon alias Clayhill House, Lechlade (between 1765 and 1827, and after 1941)?
- I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
- Any additions or corrections to the text above will be gratefully received and incorporated. I am always particularly pleased to hear from descendants of the family who can supply information from their own research for inclusion.