|Bastard of Kitley|
|Gerston Manor, West Alvington: the house prior to recent remodelling. |
Image: Historic England.
Kitley House, Yealmpton, Devon
|Kitley: engraving by Thomas Bonnor in the 1790s, showing the south front in its Georgianised form.|
|Kitley: the Georgian staircase inserted in the former Tudor great hall.|
Image: Christine Wallace.
The main feature remaining from this period is the spectacular imperial staircase in the former Great Hall, which has one fluted and two spiral balusters to each tread, inlaid steps and a crisply panelled dado. The hall below is panelled to full height and has arched doorcases flanked by fluted Ionic pilasters. The 18th century saloon (made into the dining room by Repton) also preserves its dado panelling and a good cornice.
|Kitley: the south and east fronts after the remodelling by G.S. Repton.|
Image: Christine Wallace.
Unfortunately, the house was also refaced in a sombre grey limestone ashlar (known as Devonshire marble) with granite dressings, which has hardly been softened at all by two centuries of weathering. The flat wall surfaces are relieved minimally by slightly-projecting battlemented panels and a canted oriel on the south side; details which are borrowed not from the local vernacular but from examples Repton had studied in his native East Anglia. On the south side, Repton built an arched loggia in front of the basement windows, and some Tudor granite doorways and windows are still visible behind it.
|Kitley: library in 1939. Image: Country Life.|
Buckland Court, Buckland-in-the-Moor, Devon
|Buckland Court: the house from the north in the early 20th century.|
Sharpham House, Ashprington, Devon
|Sharpham House: the Tudor house in 1749.|
Image: Plymouth & West Devon Record Office.
The house that then existed was a 'pleasant seat' built in the 16th century by Drewe family, which is recorded in a sketch on an estate map of 1749 and in at least one 18th century painting by John Lewis. It consisted of a three-storey, windowless block (perhaps a barn) attached to a tall projecting wing and a two-storey block, both with mullioned windows. The appearance of the house was undeniably rustic, but it was given a semblance of dignity by three formal garden spaces in front of the house.
|Sharpham House; undated watercolour by William Payne, showing the house between 1780 and 1824. |
Image: Norfolk Museums Service. Some rights reserved.
|Sharpham House: the spectacular staircase hall. Image: Christine Wallace.|
|Sharpham House: staircase hall. Image: John Conway.|
|Sharpham House: the entrance front with its bowed projection and the first three bays of the return elevation are by Sir Robert Taylor; the rest of block was added c.1824, probably by G.S. Repton. Image: Derek Harper. Some rights reserved.|
|Sharpham House: view of the Dart valley from the drive to the house. Image: Richard Knights. Some rights reserved.|
Bastard family of Kitley and Buckland Court
(1) John Bastard (fl. 1573); living in 1573 and perhaps in 1592, but died without issue;(2) Richard Bastard, of Loddiswell; married Thomasine [surname unknown] but died in the lifetime of his father;(3) William Bastard (c.1558-1639) (q.v.);(4) Joseph Bastard (c.1560-1633) (q.v.).
(1) Dorothy Bastard (fl. 1633); married James Marke (b. c.1592) of Liskeard (Cornw.) and had issue three sons; living in 1633;(2) John Bastard (c.1590-1634) (q.v.);(3) Anne Bastard (fl. 1633); married Richard Ley alias Kempthorne of Merther (Cornw.) and had issue five sons and one daughter; living in 1633;(4) William Bastard (d. 1638?); educated at Middle Temple (admitted 1618; called 1625); living in 1634; probably the person of this name who died 10 March and was buried at West Alvington, 12 March 1638;(5) Elizabeth Bastard (d. 1633); died unmarried and was buried at West Alvington, 13 October 1633;(6) Joseph Bastard (fl. 1634); married, 1630 (licence 23 June), Margaret Henley of Constantine (Cornw.); living in 1634;(7) Mary Bastard (fl. 1633); living in 1633;(8) Thomasine Bastard; probably died young before 1633.
(1) Elizabeth Bastard (1612-79?), baptised at West Alvington, 7 June 1612; married, 6 September 1647 at East Allington (Devon), Peter Fortescue (1617-73), of Fallapit (Devon), and had issue three sons; probably the woman of this name buried at Blackawton (Devon), 16 October 1679;(2) William Bastard (b. & d. 1613), baptised at West Alvington, 12 May 1613; died in infancy and was buried at West Alvington the following day;(3) Anne Bastard (1614-86), baptised at West Alvington, 3 July 1614; married, 24 December 1646 at West Alvington, John Brown, and had issue three sons; buried at West Alvington, 13 February 1685/6;(4) Mary Bastard (1615-24), baptised at West Alvington, 19 November 1615; died young and was buried at West Alvington, 23 January 1624;(5) William Bastard (1616-63) (q.v.);(6) Thomasine Bastard (1620-95), baptised at West Alvington, 1 May 1620; died unmarried and was buried at West Alvington, 19 January 1694/5;(7) Grace Bastard (b. 1621), baptised at West Alvington, 24 May 1621; living in 1638;(8) Joseph Bastard (b. 1623), baptised at West Alvington, 10 August 1623; probably married, 14 May 1649 at West Alvington, Joyce Baker.
(1) Sir William Bastard (c.1636-90), kt. (q.v.);(2) Joan Bastard (1638-1709), baptised at West Alvington, 13 August 1638; married, 27 May 1656 at West Alvington, Richard Langworthy (c.1629-1711) of Widecombe (Devon) and had issue one daughter; buried at Loddiswell, 15 December 1709;(3) Alice Bastard (1640-74?), baptised at West Alvington, 3 September 1640; married [forename unknown] Stukeley; died about 1674;(4) John Bastard (b. 1642), baptised at West Alvington, 4 August 1642; died young before 1649;(5) Rev. Sampson Bastard (1643-76), baptised at West Alvington, 26 December 1643; educated at Exeter College, Oxford (matriculated 1662; BA 1667; MA 1670); Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, 1664-70; rector of Southpool, 1668-76; married Joan (d. 1669) and had issue one son and one daughter; died 12 September and was buried at Southpool, 15 September 1676;(6) Bevil Bastard (1646-1720), baptised at West Alvington, 29 November 1646; married, c.1674, Elizabeth (1646-1725), daughter of Richard Rose of Wootton Fitzpaine (Dorset), and had issue one son and four daughters; buried at Churchstow (Devon), 11 or 13 June 1720;(7) John Bastard (1649-1720), baptised at West Alvington, 24 April 1649; apparently not a university graduate; clergyman; vicar of Ashburton, 1680-1720; married (perhaps 30 January 1689/90 at Bovey Tracey to Elizabeth Leslegh) and had issue three sons and four daughters; buried at Ashburton, 4 August 1720;(8) Joseph Bastard (b. 1650), baptised at West Alvington, 23 January 1650/1; perhaps died young;(9) Francis Bastard (1653-59), baptised at West Alvington, 3 April 1653; died young and was buried at West Alvington, 9 April 1659;(10) Elizabeth Bastard (b. 1654), born 22 April 1654; married, 27 March 1678 at St Thomas, Exeter, Rev. Thomas Hurlle alias Hurrell (d. 1720), minister of Bere Ferrers; living in 1698;(11) Sarah Bastard (b. 1656), born 19 July 1656;(12) Agnes Bastard (b. 1657), baptised at Southpool, 17 October 1657; living, unmarried, in 1723;(13) Julius Bastard* (1658-66), born 20 November 1658; died young and was buried at West Alvington, 23 March 1665/6;(14) Grace Bastard (1661-92), born 10 March 1660/1; married [forename unknown] Allen; administration of goods granted to her brother Walter, 20 September 1692;(15) Walter Bastard (1662-1713), born 7 May 1662; died unmarried and was buried at Stoke Damerel (Devon), 16 November 1713.
|Sir William Bastard, kt. in 1666, by David Myers.|
(1) Gertrude* Bastard (1661-1725?), baptised at West Alvington, 11 September 1661; married 1st, 1679 (licence 30 September), James Rodd (d. 1693) of Bedford House, Exeter (Devon), and had issue; married 2nd, 23 November 1699 at Topsham (Devon), Thomas Greene; possibly the 'Widdow Green' buried at St Edmund, Exeter, 16 April 1725;(2) William Bastard (1662-63), born 22 and baptised 28 October 1662; died in infancy and was buried at West Alvington, 16 September 1663;(3) Joan Bastard (b. 1664), said to have been baptised at West Alvington, 24 April 1664, but there is no entry in the parish register; living, unmarried, in 1697 and 1704;(4) John Bastard (1665-74), baptised at West Alvington, 12 September 1665; died young and was buried at West Alvington, 25 June 1674;(5) William Bastard (1667-1704) (q.v.);(6) Coplestone Bastard (1670-96), baptised at West Alvington, 20 January 1670/1; educated at Middle Temple (admitted 1687; called 1693); barrister-at-law, died unmarried about 1696; administration of his goods was granted to his brother William, 1696;(7) Francis Bastard (b. & d. 1672), baptised at West Alvington, 4 August 1672; died in infancy and was buried at West Alvington, 20 August 1672;(8) Charles Bastard (1674-75), baptised 24 March 1673/4 and was buried at West Alvington, 29 March 1675;(9) Grace Bastard (b. 1676), baptised at West Alvington, 30 May 1676; living in 1688;(10) Hele Bastard (b. 1677), born 15 November and baptised at West Alvington, 13 December 1677.
(1) Anne Bastard (1695-1706), baptised at West Alvington, 14 June 1695; died young and was buried at West Alvington, 25 December 1706, where she was commemorated on her father's monument;(2) Pollexfen Bastard (1696-1733) (q.v.);(3) Grace Bastard (1698-1723?), baptised at West Alvington, 8 April 1698; said to have died unmarried, 1723;(4) Petronel Bastard (1700-33), baptised at West Alvington, 13 February 1699/1700; married, 15 September 1724 at West Alvington, William Cholwich (d. 1764?), and had issue one son and four daughters; died 27 October 1733 and was buried at Blackawton (Devon);(5) Admonition Bastard (1701-58?), baptised at West Alvington, 16 October 1701; married 12 September 1721 at West Alvington, Walter Radcliffe (1693-1752) of Warleigh House, son of Jasper Radcliffe of Hockworthy Court (Devon), and had issue six sons and five daughters; said to have died in 1758;(6) Joanna Bastard (b. 1703), baptised at West Alvington, 28 April 1703; living in 1725.
(1) John Pollexfen Bastard (b. & d. 1725), baptised at West Alvington, 14 April 1725; died in infancy and was buried at West Alvington, 9 May 1725;(2) Pollexfen Bastard (1726-27), baptised at Yealmpton, 16 May 1726; died in infancy and was buried at Yealmpton, 1 May 1727;(3) William Bastard (1727-82) (q.v.);(4) Edmund Bastard (1729-73), born 1 March 1728/9 and baptised at Yealmpton, 25 March 1729; married, 27 January 1766 at Twickenham (Middx), Susanna (1748-80) (who m2, 1777, Sir Thomas Hyde Page (1746-1821)), daughter of Thomas Crawley-Boevey of Flaxley Abbey (Glos), but had no issue; lived at South Wonford, Heavitree (Devon); buried at Yealmpton, 16 April 1773 on the same day as his youngest brother, with whom he shares a monument; will proved 12 July 1773;(5) Bridget Bastard (1730-31), baptised at West Alvington, 9 March 1729/30; died in infancy and was buried at Yealmpton, 28 August 1731;(6) Peregrine Bastard (1731-32), baptised at Yealmpton, 26 May 1731; died in infancy, 7 August 1732;(7) Baldwin Polloxfen Bastard (1732-73); fell dead as he was about to unlock his garden gate, and was buried at Yealmpton, 16 April 1773 on the same day as his elder brother, with whom he shares a monument; administration (with will annexed) of his goods was granted 10 August 1773.
(2.1) John Pollexfen Bastard (1756-1816) (q.v.);(2.2) Edmund Pollexfen Bastard (1758-1816) (q.v.).
(1) Edmund Pollexfen Bastard (1784-1838) (q.v.);(2) William Pownoll Bastard (b. & d. 1786); buried at Ashprington, 22 April 1786;(3) Capt. John Bastard (1787-1835) (q.v.);(4) Jane Bastard (1790-1803), privately baptised 8 August 1790; died aged 12 on 21 May and was buried at Ashprington, 27 May 1803;(5) Rev. Philemon Pownoll Bastard (1792-1846), baptised at Ashprington, 2 July 1792; educated at Balliol College, Oxford (matriculated 1812; BA 1816); rector of Hanworth (Middx), 1819 and from 1837 chaplain to HRH The Duke of Cambridge and Lord Tenterden; he lived latterly at Ryde (IoW), where he was to have been the first incumbent of Holy Trinity church, but he died before he could take up the appointment; he married, 24 September 1816 at Wimbledon (Surrey), Mary (1792-1846), eldest daughter of Sir James Allan Park, kt., judge; died 6 May and was buried at Holy Trinity, Ryde, 13 May 1846; will proved in the PCC, 12 August 1846.
|Edmund Pollexfen Bastard |
(1) Edmund Rodney Pollexfen Bastard (1825-56) (q.v.);(2) Baldwin John Pollexfen Bastard (1830-1905) (q.v.);(3) Rev. William Pollexfen Bastard (1832-1915) (q.v.).
(1) Jane Frances Bastard (1860-1927), born 16 September 1860; married, 15 April 1884 at Lezant, Maj. Gerald Marcell Conran (1858-1936) of Bradridge House (Devon), son of Capt. William Adam Conran, and had issue two sons and one daughter; died 30 April 1927; will proved 15 July 1927 (estate £95);(2) Mary Caroline Bastard (1862-1916), born 4 September and was baptised at Brixton (Devon), 5 October 1862; died 14 December 1916 and was buried with her parents at Buckland-in-the-Moors; will proved 3 March 1917 (estate £164);(3) William Edmund Pollexfen Bastard (1864-1924) (q.v.);(4) Ellen Woolcombe Bastard (1865-1941), born 19 August 1865; lived latterly at Cofflete, Torquay; died unmarried, 29 May 1941 and was buried with her parents at Buckland-in-the-Moors; will proved 22 August 1941 (estate £1,914);(5) Anne Katherine Bastard (1867-1962), baptised at Lezant, 22 September 1867; married, 27 October 1892 at Lezant, Henry Noel Waldegrave, 11th Earl Waldegrave (1854-1936), and had issue one son and four daughters; died aged 94 on 21 March 1962 and was buried at Chewton Mendip (Som.);(6) Grace Petronel Bastard (1869-1955), born 12 June and was baptised at Lezant, 30 July 1869; lived latterly at Cofflete, Torquay; died unmarried, 12 February 1955; will proved 20 May 1955 (estate £2,220);(7) Florence Elizabeth Bastard (1870-1957), born 18 December 1870 and was baptised at Lezant, 15 January 1871; lived latterly at Cofflete, Torquay; died unmarried, 25 September 1957 and was buried with her parents at Buckland-in-the-Moor; will proved 13 December 1957 (estate £2,063);(8) Edmund George Pollexfen Bastard (1872-74), born 11 December 1872 and was baptised at Lezant, 17 January 1873; died young, and was buried at Yealmpton, 19 March 1874;(9) Alice Dorothy Bastard (1877-1956), baptised at Lezant, 4 November 1877; married, 20 April 1909, Wynn Harold Tregoning CBE (1876-1930), director of Alfred Booth & Co. of Liverpool, engineers, fourth son of John Simmons Tregoning of Landue (Cornw.) and had issue one son and one daughter; died in Torquay, 12 August 1956; will proved 14 November 1956 (estate £16,775);(10) Caroline Bridget Bastard (1880-1962), born 14 December 1880; lived latterly at Cofflete, Torquay; died unmarried, 18 April 1962; will proved 30 July 1962 (estate £5,816).
(1.1) Rosamond Bridget Bastard (1891-1970), born 29 January 1891; married, 10 October 1922 at Withyham (Sussex), Frederick Burdock Little (d. 1939) of Swannington Hall (Norfk), farmer, son of Dr. Frederick Little of Aylsham (Norfk); lived latterly at Lyneham, Hembury Fort, Payhembury (Devon); buried at Swannington, 27 August 1970;(1.2) Petronel Jane Bastard (1891-1932), born 28 December 1891; served as a nurse at Plympton VAD hospital, 1915-19; died unmarried, 11 January 1932; will proved 1 March 1933 (estate £12,603);(1.3) Isabel May Bastard (1894-1971), born 20 May 1894; lived at Carsons Orchard, Ledbury (Herefs) in 1939 and later with her elder sister at Lyneham, Hembury Fort, Honiton (Devon); died unmarried, 8 July 1971;(1.4) Wilfreda Ann Bastard (1897-1988), born 29 June 1897; married, 10 June 1924, Rev. William Edwin Trelawny Trelawny-Ross MC (1883-1962), eldest son of Rev. John Trelawny Trelawny-Ross DD of Ham, nr. Plymouth (Devon), and had issue one son and one daughter; died aged 91 on 6 July 1988; will proved 26 July 1988 (estate £31,294);(1.5) Caroline Joane Bastard (1901-87), born 20 August 1901; artist; served in Second World War as a civil defence warden in Norfolk and was awarded BEM, 1946; lived later at Sutton Mandeville (Wilts); died unmarried, 30 May 1987; will proved 27 August 1987 (estate £150,888).
(1) John Pownoll Pollexfen Wade Bastard (1818-86) (q.v.);(2) Edmund Pollexfen Bastard (1820-30), born 7 October 1820; died young, 17 November 1830;(3) William Benjamin Bastard (1821-75), born 13 November 1821; an officer in 53rd and later 90th Foot (Ensign, 1841; Lt., 1842; Capt., 1848; retired 1854); died unmarried, 2 May and was buried at Brompton Cemetery, London, 7 May 1875; will proved 3 July 1875 (effects under £35,000);(4) Frances Bastard (1823-1902), born February 1823; woman of the bedchamber to HM Queen Victoria from 1855; appointed to the Order of Victoria & Albert (VA), 1892; married, 2 July 1850 at St George, Hanover Sq., London, Capt. William Frederick Waldegrave (1816-54), Viscount Chewton, who was killed in the Crimean War, eldest son of William Waldegrave, 8th Earl Waldegrave, and had issue two sons and one daughter; lived latterly at Bookham Lodge, Gt. Bookham (Surrey); died 11 April 1902; will proved 11 June 1902 (estate £28,510).
(1) A son (b. & d. 1843), born 12 February 1843; probably died in infancy;(2) John Algernon Bastard (1844-1908) (q.v.);(3) Emmeline Laura Bastard (1848-1918), born 15 September 1848; married 1st, 26 June 1873, as his second wife, Horace Pitt-Rivers (1814-80), 6th and last Baron Rivers; married 2nd, 2 July 1881, Montague George Thorold (1844-1920) of Honington Hall (Lincs), second son of Sir John Charles Thorold, 11th bt., of Syston Park (Lincs), but died without issue, 1 October 1918; will proved 15 February 1919 (estate £8,975).
(1) Col. Reginald Bastard (1880-1960) (q.v.);(2) Violet Lilian Bastard (1884-1949), born March 1884; married George Howard (d. 1932); died 1 June 1949.
|Col. Reginald Bastard (1880-1960) |
(1) John Rodney Pollexfen Bastard (1921-82) (q.v.).
(1) Michael Rodney Pownoll Bastard (b. 1949) (q.v.);(2) Joanna Susan Mary Bastard (b. 1951), born 14 September 1951; married, 22 July 1983, Martin Campbell Fraser, and had issue one son; now living;(3) Rodney John Bastard (b. 1955), of Steer Point Lodge, Brixton (Devon), born 4 November 1955; director of Greenpoint Quarry Ltd.; married, October 1998, Yolande H.M. Strub (1949-2014); now living.
(1) James (k/a Spike) Bastard (b. 1972), born February 1972; managing director of Kitley estate since 2018;(2) Sahara Lola Bastard (b. 1976), born Jul-Sept 1976.
Location of archives
Coat of arms
Can you help?
- I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
- Any additions or corrections to the account given above will be gratefully received and incorporated. I am always particularly pleased to hear from members of the family who can supply recent personal information for inclusion.