|Austen of Horsmonden|
John Austen (d. 1705) had only one son who survived to maturity, another John Austen (1657-1704). He seems to have been something of a spendthrift, inclined to borrow against the security of his expectations from his father. Unfortunately he died before his father, leaving his widow very little except debts, and when his father followed him to the grave later in 1705 his substantial property was transferred to trustees until his children should come of age. For reasons which are not now clear, the trustees seem to have been unwilling to support John junior's family in the style to which they were accustomed, and his widow was obliged to take a post as housekeeper to the master of Sevenoaks school, where her six sons became pupils. Her eldest son, John Austen (1696-1728) came into his inheritance from his grandfather in 1717; four of his brothers, with smaller portions, were apprenticed to suitable trades and professions: Francis Austen (1698-1791) as a lawyer; Thomas Austen (1699-1772) as an apothecary; William Austen (1700-37) as a surgeon; and Stephen Austen (1704-51) as a bookseller; Robert Austen (1702-28) apparently died before embarking on a career.
The Broad Ford and Grovehurst properties descended from John Austen (1696-1728) to his son, John Austen (1726-1807), and after his widow died in 1811, passed to a younger grandson of Francis Austen (1698-1791), the Rev. John Austen (1777-1851).
Francis Austen (1698-1791), the second son of John Austen (1657-1704), was responsible for the next step up in the family fortunes. In 1722 he began practice as an attorney in Sevenoaks 'with £800 and a bundle of pens' as he put it. He became a specialist in land law, and in due course also had chambers in Cliffords Inn in London, where he was consulted on the strict settlement of estates by many of the leading families in the land. Alongside this, he became an increasingly important figure in the local government of Kent, and from 1753-73 he was Clerk of the Peace for the county, an office which he then handed over to his son, Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815). From his busy and extensive practice, he became fairly wealthy, and when his nephew George Austen (1731-1805) and his sisters were orphaned in 1737 he was happy to take responsibility for their upbringing, including paying for George to attend university, and after he had taken holy orders, to help him acquire a comfortable living. Not surprisingly, therefore, Francis remained close to George and his family in later years, and in 1788 he was visited at Sevenoaks by George's two daughters, Cassandra (1773-1845) and Jane (1775-1817). It is thought that the places and people with whom Jane Austen became familiar during this visit at least informed some of the characters and settings in her novels, even if they are not portrayed directly.
When Francis Austen died in 1791 the heir to his practice and property was Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815), the only child of his first marriage. Whereas his father comes across from the records and his portrait as shrewd but avuncular, F.M. Austen seems to have been more grasping and litigious.
|Court Lodge, Lamberhurst in 1809.|
John Francis Austen thus acquired both his family's ancient estates around Horsmonden, including Grovehurst and Broad Ford from his father in 1851, and the Kippington estate from his uncle in 1859. He sold Kippington in 1865, by which time he had built a new house called Capel Manor at Horsmonden, to the designs of T.H. Wyatt. This was an Italian Gothic style building with eclectic interiors, which stood on a completely new site close to Broad Ford. It is said that Austen exerted a substantial influence on the design, and that may account for the curious inconsistency of the building. Capel Manor became the family home until J.F. Austen died in 1893, and his widow remained in occupation until her death in 1931. Within two years, the last of J.F. Austen's children had also died, and Capel Manor appears to have been sold by his trustees, although the ownership history of the property is unclear until the late 1960s. After military use and neglect during the Second World War, the house itself was pulled down either in the 1950s or in 1966, having stood for barely a century. The family's older homes are fortunately all still standing.
Broad Ford, Horsmonden, Kent
|Broad Ford, Horsmonden: the much-altered house has work of every period from the 15th century onwards.|
Not a country house, but a substantial village house that became the home of a gentry family of considerable importance. At its core is a 15th century timber-framed house, probably of standard Wealden type. It was altered and extended in each succeeding century, and perhaps especially for John Austen (1629-1705), who may have lived here in his father's lifetime. The main north-facing front is now a jettied timber-framed structure, with three broad jettied gables, which the late 18th or 19th century concealed by a cream-painted roughcast and gave bulls-eye windows in the gables. The rather strange window frames are thought to be 17th century in origin, though in their present form they may have been altered in the 19th or early 20th century. The central porch has an ogee arch and ogee windows on either side, and on the eastern end elevation is a canted bay window with more ogee windows; these must be additions of the late 18th or early 19th century. To the south of the bay window, some 16th or 17th century timber framing is exposed. The right-hand bay of the north front is the earliest part of the house, and belonged at first to a hall house facing east. Inside, it has a mid 16th century hall fireplace with profile roundels and caryatids, and the Austen family crest. An upstairs room has similar work made up into a chimneypiece in the 18th century, and there is also an 18th century staircase and a Rococo chimneypiece in the drawing room. To the west of the house is a nine-bay, late 17th century, one and a half storey stable block of chequered brick with sandstone quoins and a low hipped roof, which was converted into a house in 1947 and the late 20th century.
Descent: John Austen (1560-1621); to son, Francis Austen (1600-88); to son, John Austen (1629-1705); to grandson, John Austen (1696-1728); to son Austen (1726-1807); to first cousin once removed, Rev. John Austen (1777-1851); to son, John Francis Austen (1817-93); to widow, Georgiana Frederica Austen (1843-1931)...
Kippington House, Sevenoaks, Kent
|Kippington Hall: the 17th century house, engraved by Kip for Harris' History of Kent, 1719.|
|Kippington House as rebuilt for Sir Charles Farnaby, from Neale's Views of Seats, 1818. Image: British Library.|
|Kippington House: entrance front|
There is a three-storey range of indeterminate date at right-angles to this front, which occupies a very similar footprint to the rear wing shown in the 1719 engraving of the house, and it seems likely that it is a remodelling of the earlier fabric. The present appearance of the range is however early-to-mid 19th century, but its date remains obscure. The tripartite windows and the full-height arched recesses in which some of the windows are set suggest the early to mid 19th century, but the house is said to have been subject to 'extensive alterations' in 1874. Could the wing in its present form be as late as that? Probably not, as the first Ordnance Survey map of 1868 suggests that the footprint was then very much the same as it was in 1895. It seems more likely that what was done in 1874 was the alteration of the south-facing return elevation of the main block by the addition of a full-height bay window in place of the westernmost two bays, and a glazed verandah.
|Kippington House: the long north wing probably incorporates elements of the 17th century house. Image: Trevor Hayman.|
In the late 19th century, W.J. Thompson began the suburban development of the Kippington estate, initially by building a few large villas, but almost the whole of the once large park has now been covered by housing. Rather surprisingly, Kippington House itself survives. It was made into a home for the elderly in 1951 and after this closed was restored and divided into flats. At some point in this process the front porch was enclosed and the original Doric columns were altered into their present form. As part of the recent restoration work, the porch is now once more open, and it is to be hoped that the original form of the columns can also be restored.
Descent: sold 1630 to Thomas Farnaby (d. 1647); to son, Francis Farnaby (fl. 1674); to son, Sir Charles Farnaby (1674-1741), 1st bt.; to son, Sir Thomas Farnaby (c.1708-60), 2nd bt.; to son, Sir Charles Farnaby (later Farnaby-Radcliffe) (c.1740-98), 3rd bt., who sold 1796 to Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815); to son, Thomas Austen (1775-1859); to nephew, John Francis Austen (1817-93), who leased the house to a Mr Fay and sold 1865 to William James Thompson (1817-1904)...converted to a home for the elderly in 1951...
Capel Manor, Horsmonden, Kent
|Capel Manor: the house of 1859-62, demolished in 1966.|
|Capel Manor, Horsmonden: staircase hall. Image: Historic England.|
|Capel Manor: the Modernist house designed by Michael Manser in 1970. Image: Gyles Portman. Some rights reserved.|
Descent: built 1859-62 for John Francis Austen (1817-93); to widow, Mrs. Georgiana Frederica Austen (1843-1931); sold after her death but apparently unoccupied until WW2, when requisitioned for military use; after the war there was a nursery in the grounds and the house may have been unoccupied until it was demolished in 1950s/1966; site sold to John Howard MP (1913-82), who built a new house;... sold 1999 to Remy Blumenfeld.
Austen family of Capel Manor
Austen, John (1560-1621). Son of Robert Austen (d. 1603) of Goudhurst and Horsmonden, clothier, and his wife Elizabeth (d. 1608), baptised at Goudhurst, 26 April 1560. Yeoman and clothier. He married, 14 September 1584 at Lydd (Kent), Joan (1568-1604), daughter of Jeffery Berry of Midley (Kent), and had issue:
(1) John Austen (1585-1650), baptised at Horsmonden, 1 August 1585; probably inherited Broad Ford from his father in 1621; died without issue and probably unmarried, and was buried at Horsmonden, 30 September 1650; will proved 26 October 1650;
(2) Jeffery Austen (1588-1636), baptised at Horsmonden, 2 June 1588; married, c.1620, Elizabeth Apsley (d. 1638), and had issue one son and one daughter; buried 19 March 1636;
(3) Benjamin Austen (1591-1637), baptised at Horsmonden, 16 May 1591; clothier at Goudhurst; married, 16 June 1626 at Tonbridge (Kent), Susannah, daughter of Richard Brattle, and had issue four sons and two daughters; buried at Goudhurst, 22 May 1637; will proved 17 May 1637;
(4) Robert Austen (1594-c.1645), baptised at Horsmonden, 22 October 1594; clothier at Brenchley (Kent); married Elizabeth Keyley and had issue two sons and two daughters; his will was proved in 1645;
(5) Joan Austen (b. 1597), baptised at Horsmonden, 10 July 1597; married, before 1619, John Perryn, and had issue two sons and five daughters; died between 1636 and 1650;
(6) Francis Austen (1600-88) (q.v.);
(7) Peter Austen (1602-38), baptised 3 October 1602; married c.1630, Elizabeth [s.u.] and had issue two sons and one daughter; died about 5 May 1638;
(8) twin, Richard Austen (b. 1604), baptised at Horsmonden, 9 December 1604; married (perhaps 15 March 1637 at Rochester (Kent)), Ann (Keylen?) and had issue three sons and two daughters; living in 1650;
(9) twin, Thomas Austen (b. 1604), baptised at Horsmonden, 9 December 1604; apparently lived at Goudhurst; married; and had issue three sons and one daughter; living in 1650.
He was brought up at Goudhurst but after his marriage moved to Horsmonden, where he had acquired Broad Ford by 1602. After his death this property probably passed to his eldest son, John, and when he died in 1650 went to the next surviving brother, Francis Austen (1600-88).
He was buried at Horsmonden, 5 March 1620/1; his will was proved 22 March 1621. His wife died in childbirth, 9 December 1604 and was buried at Horsmonden, where she is commemorated by a monument.
Austen, Francis (1600-88). Fifth son of John Austen (1560-1621) of Broad Ford, Horsmonden, and his wife Joan, daughter of Jeffery Berry of Midley, baptised at Horsmonden, 11 May 1600. Clothier. He married, c.1620, Ellen [surname unknown], and had issue:
(1) John Austen (1629-1705) (q.v.);
(2) Eleanor Austen (1631-1719?), baptised at Horsmonden, August 1631; married, 23 June 1657 at Cranbrook (Kent), John Springett of Brenchley (Kent) and had issue two sons and four daughters; perhaps the woman of this name buried at Boxley (Kent), 16 December 1719;
(3) Francis Austen (b. 1633), baptised at Goudhurst; died young;
(4) Mary Austen (b. 1635), baptised at Goudhurst, 6 December 1635; married, 24 April 1654 at Cranbook (and apparently also 1 May 1654 at Horsmonden), Stephen Cunney (b. 1627);
(5) Thomas Austen (b. 1637), baptised at Goudhurst, 21 January 1637;
(6) Anne Austen (b. 1641); baptised at Goudhurst, 7 November 1641; married, 23 December 1661 at Hawkhurst (Kent), Nathaniel Pix (b. c.1636) and had issue one son and two daughters;
(7) Francis Austen (b. 1644), baptised at Goudhurst, 28 April 1644; probably the man of this name who married, 22 October 1667 at Horsmonden, Elizabeth (1647-90), daughter of John Curtis, and had issue;
(8) Elizabeth Austen (b. 1646), baptised at Goudhurst, 25 January 1645/6; married, 14 February 1662/3 at Hawkhurst, John Maule (b. 1639) and had issue two daughters;
(9) Samuel Austen (b. 1648), baptised at Goudhurst, 20 August 1648; living in 1663.
He is said to have purchased the manors of Grovehurst, Hoathe, Smeeth and Capel, and probably inherited Broad Ford from his elder brother in 1650. He lived at Grovehurst.
He was buried at Horsmonden, 15 March 1687/8; his will was proved 11 April 1688. His wife's date of death is unknown.
|John Austen (1629-1705)|
(1) Jane alias Joan Austen (1655-1725), born 21 November 1655; married, 11 May 1680 at Goudhurst, Stephen Stringer (d. 1717) of Goudhurst and had issue five daughters; buried at Goudhurst, 27 November 1725;
(2) John Austen (1657-1704) (q.v.);
(3) William Austen (b. c.1659); died in infancy;
(4) Ellen Austen (b. c.1661); married, 8 December 1687, Edward Osborne (1657-1716) of Horsmonden, but had no issue; died before 1690, when her husband married again;
(5) Anne Austen (d. 1742), born either c.1663 or c.1669; married, 7 November 1688 at Horsmonden, John Holman (b. c.1660) of Tenterden (Kent) and had issue one son and nine daughters; died 5 February 1742.
He inherited Broad Ford and Grovehurst, Horsmonden from his father in 1688. At his death in 1705 he was succeeded by his grandson, John Austen (1696-1728).
He died 13 July 1705 and was buried at Horsmonden, where he is commemorated by an inscription; his will was proved 24 November 1705. His wife was buried at Horsmonden, 2 March 1685/6.
Austen, John (1657-1704). Only son of John Austen (1629-1705) and his wife Jane Atkins, born at Broad Ford, 1657. He seems to have been a careless, easy-going man, who thought frugality unnecessary, as he would succeed to the estate on his father's death, but he predeceased his father and died leaving substantial debts, which it fell to his widow to clear. He married, 19 January 1693 at Tonbridge (Kent), Elizabeth (1671-1721), daughter of Thomas Weller, and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Austen (b. 1695), born 16 June and baptised at Horsmonden, 30 June 1695; married, George Hooper (1691-1752) of Tonbridge, attorney at law, and had issue two sons and three daughters;
(2) John Austen (1696-1728) (q.v.);
(3) Francis Austen (1698-1791) (q.v.);
(4) Thomas Austen (1699-1772), born 13 October and baptised 23 October 1699; educated at Sevenoaks School; apothecary at Tonbridge; married Elizabeth Burgess and had issue one son; died 1772; will proved 10 April 1772;
(5) William Austen (1700-37), born 3 February and baptised at Horsmonden, 18 February 1700; educated at Sevenoaks School; surgeon in Tonbridge; married 1st, 12 January 1727 in London, Rebecca Walter (c.1695-1733) and had issue one son (Rev. George Austen, the father of Jane Austen, the novelist) and three daughters; married 2nd, 20 May 1736, Susannah Kelp (1688-1766) but had no further issue; died 7 December and was buried at Tonbridge, 12 December 1737;
(6) Robert Austen (1702-28), born 16 September and baptised at Horsmonden, 30 September 1702; educated at Sevenoaks School; died unmarried of smallpox, 27 January 1727/8 and was buried at Tenterden, where he is commemorated by a ledger stone;
(7) Stephen Austen (1704-51), born 27 January and baptised at Horsmonden, 11 February 1703/4; educated at Sevenoaks School; bookseller at Newgate St., London; married Elizabeth [surname unknown] and was buried at Horsmonden, 7 January 1750/1; his will was proved 24 January 1750/1.
He died of consumption, 21 September 1704, in his father's lifetime, and was buried at Horsmonden, where he is commemorated by a ledger stone; his will was proved 19 January 1704/5. After his death, his widow took employment as housekeeper to the headmaster of Sevenoaks School; she died in Tonbridge in 1720/1.
Austen, John (1696-1728). Eldest son of John Austen (1657-1704) and his wife Elizabeth Weller, born 14 August and baptised at Horsmonden, 20 August 1696. Educated at Sevenoaks School. Farmer and landowner at Horsmonden and East Guldeford (Sussex). He married, c.1720, his cousin, Mary (1699-1759), daughter of Stephen Stringer, and had issue:
(1) Jane Austen (c.1723-70); died unmarried, 6 September and was buried at Horsmonden, 11 September 1770;
(2) Elizabeth Austen (1724-1800), baptised at Sevenoaks, 7 April 1724; married, 1746, Rev. John Fermor alias Boorder (1719-73), rector of Crayford (Kent), and had issue two sons (who both predeceased her); buried at Sevenoaks, 5 September 1800;
(3) John Austen (1726-1807) (q.v.).
He inherited Broad Ford and Grovehurst, Horsmonden, from his grandfather in 1705 and came of age in 1717.
He was buried at Horsmonden, 17 September 1728; his will was proved 3 March 1728/9. His widow was buried at Horsmonden, 17 October 1759.
Austen, John (1726-1807). Only son of John Austen (1696-1728) and his wife Mary Stringer, born 1726. Farmer and landowner at Horsmonden and East Guldeford (Sussex). He married, 1759, Joanna Weekes (1739-1811), and had issue:
(1) Mary Austen (1760-1803), born 1760; died unmarried and was buried at Horsmonden, 28 March 1803.
He inherited Broad Ford and Grovehurst, Horsmonden, from his father in 1728 and came of age in 1747. At his death his property passed to his widow for life and then to his first cousin, once removed, the Rev. John Austen (1777-1851) of Chevening.
He died in January 1807 and was buried at Horsmonden, 3 February 1807; his will was proved 18 March 1807. His widow died 9 July and was buried at Horsmonden, 16 July 1811; her will was proved 17 August 1811.
|Francis Austen (1698-1791)|
(1.1) Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815) (q.v.);
(2.1) Rev. Sackville Austen (1759-86), baptised at Sevenoaks, 10 July 1759; educated at Queens' College, Cambridge (matriculated 1778; BA 1781; MA 1785); ordained deacon, 1783 and priest, 1784; rector of West Wickham (Kent), 1784-86 and of Horsted Keynes (Sussex), 1785-86; married, 18 January 1785, Anne (1759-1826), daughter of Thomas Lambard of Sevenoaks, but had no issue; died 3 July 1786;
(2.2) Maj. John Austen (1761-1831), born at Sevenoaks, 1761; an officer in 36th Foot (Capt. by 1789; Maj., 1794; retired 1796); DL for Kent; married, 8 August 1793 at Lamberhurst (Sussex), Harriet (d. 1811), daughter of Thomas Hussey of Burwash (Sussex) and Ashford (Kent), and had issue two sons and one daughter; died at Hastings, 8 February 1831.
He lived at the Red House, High St., Sevenoaks. He amassed considerable wealth during his long career in the law, much of which was invested in property in Kent and Sussex, but he seems never to have bought a country house.
He died in 1791; his will was proved in the PCC, 6 July 1791. His first wife was buried at St Swithin, Walcot, Bath (Somerset), 11 November 1755. His second wife died in 1782.
|Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815)|
(1) Francis Lucius Austen (c.1773-1815), born in London, about 1773; an officer in the Kent Militia (Ensign, 1796; Lt., 1797; Capt., 1798; Maj., 1803); DL for Kent, 1802; lived at Wilmington (Kent); married, 7 February 1805 at St Marylebone (Middx), Penelope (1783-1833), daughter of Montague Cholmeley of Easton (Lincs) and had issue four daughters; became mentally unstable in about 1813; died 19 February 1815; will proved 13 May 1815;
(2) Col. Thomas Austen (1775-1859) (q.v.);
(3) Jane Austen (c.1776-1857), born in London about 1776; married, 10 January 1797 at St George, Hanover Square, London, William Campion (1770-1855) of Danny Park (Sussex), son of Henry Courthope Campion of Danny, and had issue nine children; died 10 March 1857;
(4) Rev. John Austen (1777-1851) (q.v.);
(5) Lt-Col. Henry Austen (1779-1850), born 14 May and baptised at Wilmington (Kent), 17 July 1779; an officer in the army (Capt., 1798; Maj., 1807; Lt-Col., 1813); died unmarried at Bellevue, Sevenoaks, 27 September 1850;
(6) Elizabeth Austen (1780-1858), born 10 July and baptised at St James, Westminster, 17 July 1780; died unmarried, 1858;
(7) Marianne Austen (1781-96), baptised at Lamberhurst, 29 September 1781; died young, 1796;
(8) George Lennard Austen (1782-1844), baptised at Lamberhurst, 22 October 1782; an officer in the Kent (Sevenoaks & Bromley) Militia (Capt., 1801); articled to Thomas Clarke of London, attorney, 1801; solicitor at Sevenoaks, in partnership with William Francis Holcroft; married, 6 August 1814 at Sevenoaks, Harriet Hughes, but had no issue; died at Sevenoaks, 8 November 1844, and was buried there; will proved 17 January 1845;
(9) Frances Austen (b. c. 1783), born about 1783; probably died young;
(10) Edward Austen (1785-1815), baptised at Lamberhurst, 15 February 1785; died unmarried, 1815;
(11) Rev. William Austen (1787-1854), baptised at Lamberhurst, 24 December 1787; educated at Brasenose College, Oxford (matriculated 1806; BA 1809); ordained priest, 1812; rector of Horsted Keynes (Sussex), 1815-40; married, 15 December 1814, Elizabeth Matilda, daughter of John Butler Harrison, and had issue; died at Southampton, 5 April 1854; will proved 28 August 1854.
He lived at Court Lodge, Lamberhurst (a property owned by the Morland family) until he foreclosed on a mortgage on the Kippington House estate near Sevenoaks in 1796 and moved there.
He died 14 April 1815 and was buried at Sevenoaks; his will was proved in the PCC, 13 May 1815. His widow died in 1817 and was buried at Sevenoaks.
|Col. Thomas Austen (1775-1859)|
He inherited the Kippington House estate from his father in 1815 and gained possession on the death of his mother in 1817. At his death it passed to his nephew, John Francis Austen (1817-93).
He died at Kippington, 23 July 1859. His first wife died at Sevenoaks, January 1825, and was buried there. His widow died 1 January 1894; her will was proved 19 February 1894 (effects £17,683).
Austen, Rev. John (1777-1851). Third son of Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Wilson of West Wickham (Kent), born 6 June and baptised at Wilmington (Kent), 17 July 1777. Educated at Oriel College, Oxford (matriculated 1794; BA 1799; MA 1803). Ordained deacon, 1800 and priest, 1801. Rector of Crayford (Kent), 1806-13 and of Chevening (Kent), 1813-51; domestic chaplain to 4th Duke of Dorset at Knole, 1806 and to 4th Earl Stanhope at Chevening, 1817. He married, 7 September 1813 at Seal (Kent), Harriet (1785-1873), daughter of Thomas Lane of Bradbourne (Kent), and had issue:
(1) John Francis Austen (1817-93) (q.v.);
(2) Lt-Col. Charles Wilson Austen (1818-63), baptised at Chevening, 20 September 1818; an officer in the infantry (Ensign, 1838; Lt., 1840; Capt., 1848; Maj., 1856; Lt-Col., 1858); married, c.1852, Elizabeth (b. 1825), daughter of Thomas Tiesdell Killick, and had issue one son and one daughter; died 7 December 1863 from wounds received in action in New Zealand; will proved 8 April 1865 (effects under £5,000);
(3) Elizabeth Austen (1820-96), baptised at Chevening, 11 July 1820; married, 11 September 1856 at Sevenoaks, Maj-Gen. Henry Terrick FitzHugh JP (1827-1910), second son of Rev. W.A. FitzHugh, rector of Street (Sussex); died 23 August 1896; will proved 11 September 1896 (effects £102);
(4) Catherine Frances Austen (1821-1907), baptised at Chevening, 19 August 1821; lived at The Old House, Sevenoaks; died unmarried, 4 October 1907; will proved 31 October 1907 (estate £26,087);
(5) Rev. Henry Morland Austen (1823-1904), baptised at Chevening, 6 March 1823; educated at Winchester and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1841; BA 1845; MA 1849); ordained deacon, 1847 and priest, 1848; rector of Crayford (Kent), 1851-73; married, 15 September 1853 at Sturminster Marshall (Dorset), Mary, daughter of William Parke of Sturminster Marshall and 'The Thickets', Jamaica, but had no issue; died 4 May 1904; will proved 2 June 1904 (estate £14,857);
(6) Henrietta Louisa Austen (b. 1824), baptised at Chevening, 30 May 1824; probably died young;
(7) Marianne Austen (1825-92), baptised at Chevening, 31 October 1825; lived with her sister Catherine at The Old House, Sevenoaks; died 31 March 1892; will proved 29 April 1892 (estate £9,989).
He lived at Chevening. In 1807 he seems to have inherited the family property at Horsmonden under the will of his first cousin once removed, John Austen (1726-1807).
He died at Chevening Rectory, 22 September 1851; his will was proved 6 October 1851. His widow died 9 January 1873; her will was proved 14 February 1873 (effects under £2,000).
Austen, John Francis (1817-93). Eldest son of Rev. John Austen (1777-1851) and his wife Harriet, daughter of Thomas Lane of Bradbourne (Kent), born 13 September and baptised at Chevening, 15 September 1817. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1836; BA 1840) and the Inner Temple (admitted 1840). JP for Kent from 1867. He married 1st, 21 July 1855 at Sturminster Newton (Dorset), Charlotte (c.1820-62), only child of William Tucker of Lower Henbury, Sturminster Marshall (Dorset), and 2nd, 27 June 1868 at Old Windsor (Berks), Georgiana Frederica (1843-1931), eldest daughter of Charles Pearse of London, and had issue:
(1.1) Charlotte Marianne Austen (1857-1910), born 31 October and baptised at St Paul, Knightsbridge (Middx), 2 December 1857; married, 19 April 1887 at All Saints, Knightsbridge (Middx), as his first wife, Sir William Smith-Marriott (1865-1943), 8th bt., eldest son of John Bosworth Smith-Marriott of The Grove (Kent), and had issue one daughter; died 23 March 1910; will proved 15 June 1910 (estate £13,670);
(1.2) Roma Catherine Mary Austen (1859-1932), born in London, 20 February 1859; musician and charity worker; married*, 5 September 1925 in Marylebone (Middx), Henry Hugo Meyer (1873-1931) of Roehampton (Surrey), private detective; died 7 April 1932; will proved 9 July 1932 (estate £11,353);
(2.1) Georgina Catherine Florence Austen (1870-85), born in London, 9 April 1870; died young, 23 May 1885;
(2.2) Frances Elizabeth Margaret Austen (1880-1930), born in London, 6 October 1880; died unmarried at Capel Manor, 1 July 1930; will proved 26 August 1930 (estate £7,816).
He lived in London. He inherited the Kippington House estate from his uncle in 1859 but let it and then sold it in 1865. He built Capel Manor at Horsmonden in 1859-62. After his death Capel Manor was occupied by his widow and her surviving unmarried daughter.
He died 27 October and was buried at Horsmonden, 1 November 1893; his will was proved 16 December 1893 (effects £77,389). His first wife died 19 December and was buried at Horsmonden, 26 December 1862. His widow died 22 May 1931; her will was proved 24 July 1931 (estate £7,139).
* This may have been her second marriage as press reports of it give her maiden name and add "(Mrs Webster)"; there is no trace of a Webster marriage in England and it may have taken place in South Africa, where she evidently had links.
Burke's Landed Gentry, 1925, p. 51; G. Carter, P. Goode & K. Laurie, Humphry Repton: landscape gardener, 1752-1818, 1982, p. 155; D. Le Faye, A Chronology of Jane Austen and Her Family: 1700-2000, 2006, passim; J. Newman, The buildings of England: Kent - West and The Weald, 4th edn., 2012, pp. 307, 531-32; H. Dyke, 'Jane Austen's family and Court Lodge', Austentations, 2013; http://www.theweald.org/N10.asp?NId=10100198; http://www.genealogycrank.co.uk/pdfs/austen_evidence.pdf.
Location of archives
Austen family of Horsmonden & Kippington: deeds and estate papers, c.1600-1930 [East Sussex Record Office, Acc. 8293]
Coat of arms
Or, on a chevron between three lions' gambs erect, erased sable, as many plates.
Can you help?
Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch.
- Can anyone explain the ownership history of Capel Manor and Broad Ford after 1931? J.F. Austen's trustees sold the contents of Capel Manor in 1931 but I cannot find any record of the sale of the estate or of its subsequent owners until the 1960s.
- Can anyone explain the ownership history and use of Kippington House after 1904?
- Can anyone provide more information about the careers and marriages of the children of Francis Austen (1600-88)?
- Can anyone tell me more about the life and career of Roma Catherine Mary Austen (1859-1932)? In addition to extensive good works and musical interests, she was a member of the Roentgen Society. She may have spent some time in South Africa in the 1890s or 1900s and was perhaps briefly married to a Mr. Webster, but later reverted to her maiden name and was living in London by 1910. In 1925 she married H.H. Meyer, a London private detective.