|Allardice of Allardice|
Allardice Castle, Kincardineshire
|Allardice Castle in 1885. Image: Royal Commission on Ancient & Historical Monuments of Scotland.|
The L-plan tower house of the Allardice family was built at the end of the 16th century on a terrace surrounded on three sides by a deep river meander. The building is remarkable for the extraordinary development of label moulding in the corbelling supporting the stair turret in the re-entrant angle. Although giving the impression of belonging all to one period, both wings were extended about 1695, that on the west very considerably. The building forms two sides of a courtyard, enclosed on the other sides by a curtain-wall. Access to the courtyard is gained by a pend through the basement of the main block. In the main the walls rise to four storeys and an attic, and are roughcast and whitewashed. The basement is vaulted. When the castle passed to the Barclays of Urie by marriage in the late 18th century, it declined into a farmhouse. It was damaged by fire in the 1970s but restored by William Cowie, an
Descent: Thomas Allardyce (d. c.1474); to son, John Allardyce (c.1465-1523); to son, John Allardyce (b. c.1505); to son, John Allardyce (c.1541-1606); to son, John Allardyce (b. c.1562); to son, John Allardyce (c.1595-1631); to son, James Allardyce (c.1620-46); to son, Sir John Allardyce (1641-76); to son, Sir George Allardice (1672-1709); to son, James Allardice (1693-1728); to son, James Allardyce (1727-65); to daughter, Sarah Anne (1757-1833), wife of Robert Barclay (later Barclay-Allardice) (d. 1797); to son, Robert Barclay-Allardice (1779-1854); to daughter, Margaret Barclay-Allardice (1816-1903), who sold 1854...William Cowie (fl. 2013)
Allardyce (later Barclay-Allardice) family of Allardice
The account given here traces the Allardyce line. A full account of the Barclays of Ury House will be given in a future post.
Allardyce, John (c.1465-c.1523). Son of Thomas Allardyce (d. c.1474) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Alexader Irvine of Drum, born about 1465. He married 1st, Catherine, daughter of Robert Arbuthnott, 2nd, Egidia (fl. 1499), said to be a daughter of James Gordon of Methlie, and 3rd, Janet (fl. 1512), daughter of Sir Robert Lundy of Balgonie, and had issue:
(1.1) Janet Allardyce (fl. 1500); married, 12 June 1493, Alexander Irvine of Drum and had issue six sons and two daughters;
(3.1) John Allardyce (c.1505-47) (q.v.);
He inherited Allardyce from his father c.1474.
He died after 3 November 1522 and before 26 September 1523.
Allardyce, John (c.1505-47). Son of John Allardyce (c.1465-1523) and his third wife Janet Lundy, born about 1505. He was a minor at the time of his father's death and on 19 October 1523 the King appointed Richard Lundy of Edinburgh and Robert Allardice his tutors. He married, by 1541, Margaret (d. 1599), daughter of Sir Thomas Erskine of Brechin and had issue:
(1) John Allardyce (c.1541-1606) (q.v.).
He inherited Allardyce from his father in 1523.
He was killed at the Battle of Pinkie in September 1547.
Allardyce, John (c.1541-1606). Son of John Allardyce (b. c.1505) and his wife Margaret (d. 1599), daughter of Sir Thomas Erskine of Brechin (Angus), born about 1541. He married, about 1558, Lady Beatrice, daughter of William Keith, 3rd Earl Marischal and had issue:
(1) Margaret Allardyce (d. 1610); married 1st, Alexander Bethune of Hospitalfield and Carsgownie and had issue; married 2nd, October 1605, Robert Falconer of Balandroe; died before August 1610;
(3) Robert Allardyce (c.1561-87); married Barbara (who m2, by 1598, Alexander Hay of Delgaty and m3, by 1604, Archibald Douglas of Bennethill), daughter of William Forbes, 7th Lord Forbes and had issue one daughter; died 26 December 1587;
(4) John Allardyce (b. c.1562) (q.v.).
(5) James Allardyce (fl. 1587-1631), of Little Barras and later of Kinneff;
(6) William Allardyce (fl. 1587-1601);
(7) Thomas Allardyce (fl. 1587-1608);
(8) Elizabeth Allardyce (fl. 1587); married, c.1592, David Rait, sub-deacon of Aberdeen;
He inherited Allardyce from his father.
He died in about 1606.
Allardyce, John (c.1562-c.1615). Son of John Allardyce (c.1541-1606) and his wife Lady Beatrice, daughter of William Keith, 3rd Earl Marischal, born c.1595. He married, 1593 (contract 14 May), Alison, daughter of David Lindsay of Vane, and had issue:
(1) John Allardyce (c.1595-1631);
He inherited Allardyce from his father in c.1606.
He died about 1615.
Allardyce, John (c.1595-1631). Son of John Allardyce (c.1562-) and his wife Alison Lindsay, born about 1595. He married, 1617 (contract 3 September), Helen, daughter of Alexander Burnet of Leys and had issue:
(2) Katherine Allardyce (d. 1670); married, 1647, John Fullerton of Kynnaber, and had issue;
(3) James Allardyce (c.1620-46) (q.v.);
(4) Jean Allardyce (c.1627-87); married William Bethune, and had issue.
He inherited Allardice Castle from his father.
He died 2 November 1631.
Allardyce, James (c.1620-46). Son of John Allardyce (c.1595-1631) and his wife Helen, daughter of Alexander Burnet of Leys, born about 1620. He married, 1640 (contract 17 July), Marie, daughter of Sir Alexander Erskine of Dun, and had issue:
(1) Sir John Allardice (1641-76), kt. (q.v.);
(2) Helen Allardyce (1642-91), baptised 29 November 1642; married John Gordon of Collieston;
(3) Elizabeth or Elspeth Allardyce (b. 1644), baptised 11 January 1644;
He inherited Allardice Castle from his father in 1631.
He was murdered by Irish rebels and his estate ruined when the Royalist army marched on Aberdeen in 1645.
Allardice, Sir John (1641-76), kt. Son of James Allardyce (c.1620-46) and his wife Marie, daughter of Sir Alexander Erskine of Dun, baptised 12 December 1641. He married, 8 October 1662 at Fetteresso (Kincardines.), Lady Mary Graham (d. 1720), daughter of Lord Kinpont and sister and co-heir of William Graham, 8th Earl of Menteith and 2nd Earl of Airth, and had issue:
(1) Mary Allardice (b. 1663); born 8 August and baptised 11 August 1663; married, 1681 (contract 17 November), Sir Alexander Ogilvy (d. 1727), bt. of Forglen (who m2, 18 January 1702, Mary, daughter of David Leslie, 1st Lord Newark and widow of Sir Francis Kinloch of Gilmerton), and had issue two sons and five daughters; died before 1702;
(3) Anne Allardice (1666-99); born 1 March 1666; married John Gordon of Brackley; buried 19 April 1699;
(4) John Allardice (1667-90), baptised 6 August 1667; married, 28 October 1690, Elizabeth, daughter of William Barclay of Balmakewan (who married 2nd, Mr. Wood of Drumlagair), but died without issue, December 1690;
(5) Jean Allardice (b. 1669), born 18 November and baptised 23 November 1669;
(6) Sir George Allardice (1672-1709) (q.v.);
(7) Margaret Allardice (b. 1673), born 30 November and baptised 9 December 1673.
He inherited Allardice Castle from his father. At his death the estate passed to his eldest son, who died without issue, and then to his younger son.
He died in April 1676. His widow was buried at Arbuthnott, 2 December 1720.
Allardice, Sir George (1672-1709), kt. Younger son of Sir John Allardice (d. c.1690) and his wife Lady Mary Graham, born 17 August and baptised 27 August 1672. Educated at Aberdeen University (admitted 1688); admitted a burgess of Edinburgh, 1696; MP for Kintore in the Scottish Parliament, 1702-07 and in the UK Parliament, 1707-08; Master of the Mint in Scotland, 1704-09; knighted, 1704; he and his wife had their portraits painted by Michael Dahl, n.d.. He married, 1692 (contract 19 October), Lady Anne Ogilvy (d. 1735), daughter of James Ogilvy, 3rd Earl of Findlater and had issue:
(1) James Allardice (1693-1728) (q.v.);
(2) Mary Allardice (b. 1693?), said to have been baptised 1 October 1693; married, 1721 (contract 23 December), Andrew Hay WS of Mountblairy (Banffs.);
(3) Anne Allardice (b. 1695), baptised 25 September 1695; died unmarried after 1735;
(4) Helen Allardice (1697-1746), baptised 18 June 1697; married, about 1718, Alexander Lind of Edinburgh; died 18 January 1746;
(5) Catherine Allardice (1699-1744); baptised 15 October 1699; died unmarried, 12 March 1744;
(6) William Allardice (1700-09), born 17 December and baptised 18 December 1700; died young, 1709;
(7) John Allardice (b. 1701), baptised 11 December 1701; an officer in Royal Scots Fusiliers (Lt.); married Helen, daughter of Sir James Wood of Bonnyton and had issue one son and one daughter; died before 1748;
(8) Elizabeth Allardice (1703-05), baptised 5 October 1703; died in infancy, 5 May, and was buried 6 May 1705.
He inherited Allardice Castle from his elder brother in December 1690 and was responsible for enlarging and modernising the house.
He died 5 October 1709, leaving his affairs very embarrassed. His widow died 27 August 1735, and was buried in Holyrood Chapel, Edinburgh.
Allardice, James (1693-1728). Son of Sir George Allardice (1672-1709) and his wife Lady Anne Ogilvy, daughter of James Ogilvy, Earl of Findlater & Seafield, baptised 25 July 1693. He married, 1720 (contract 31 May), Mary (d. 1749), daughter of Robert Milne of Balwillo and had issue:
(1) Mary Allardice (1726-1801); married, 1758 (contract 20 November), James Macdonald, sheriff-depute of Kincardineshire and had issue; died 4 January 1801;
He inherited Allardice Castle from his father in October 1709.
He died in May 1728. His widow married 2nd, by 1737, Sir William Nicolson of Glenbervie, and died 24 December 1749.
Allardice, James (1727-65). Only son of James Allardice (1693-1728) and his wife Mary, daughter of Robert Milne of Balwyllie, born 29 and baptised 30 January 1727. He married, 18 April 1756, Anne (d. 1757), only daughter of James Barclay of London, banker, and had issue:
(1) Sarah Anne Allardice (1757-1833) (q.v.).
He inherited Allardice Castle from his father in 1728, but lived mainly abroad because of his debts.
He died 14 July 1765. His wife died in childbirth in July 1757.
Allardice, Sarah Anne (1757-1833). Only child of James Allardice (1727-65) and his wife Ann, daughter of James Barclay of London, banker, born 13 July 1757. She married 1st, 23 November 1776 (div., Sept. 1793), as his second wife, Robert Barclay (later Barclay-Allardice) (1731/2-97) of Ury, MP for Kincardineshire, and 2nd, 5 August 1795, John Nudd, gent. of Surrey, and had issue:
(1.1) Anne Barclay-Allardice (1777-82), born 13 September and baptised 30 November 1777; died young, 29 October 1782;
(1.2) Une Cameron Barclay-Allardice (1778-1809), born 13 September and baptised 27 September 1778; married 25 July 1802, John Innes (d. 1832) of Cowie (Kincardines) and had issue; died at Cowie, 26 September 1809;
(1.3) Capt. Robert Barclay-Allardice (1779-1854) (q.v.);
(1.4) twin, Margaret Barclay-Allardice (1780-1855), born 14 October and baptised 16 November 1780; married, Sept/Oct 1809 at St Marylebone (Middx), Hudson Gurney (d. 1864) of Keswick Hall (Norfolk), but had no issue; died 16 December 1855;
(1.7) James Barclay-Allardice (1784-1804), born 3 July 1784; a civilian official of the East India Co. and Collector of Customs at Trincomalee; died unmarried at Madras, 3 March 1804;
(1.7) Maj. David Stuart Barclay-Allardice (1787-1826), born 3 and baptised 29 March 1787; Major in 28th Foot and later a merchant in Liverpool; died unmarried at Otranto (Italy), 3 November 1826.
She inherited Allardice Castle from her father in 1765, but through her marriage it passed to the Barclays of Ury.
She died 7 July 1833 and was buried at Sprowston (Norfolk). Her first husband died 8 April 1797 and was succeeded in his estates at Ury and Allardice by their elder son.
"The gentleman on Wednesday completed his arduous pedestrian undertaking, to walk a thousand miles in a thousand successive hours, at the rate of a mile in each and every hour. He had until four o'clock P.M. to finish his task; but he performed his last mile in the quarter of an hour after three, with perfect ease and great spirit, amidst an immense concourse of spectators. The influx of company had so much increased on Sunday, that it was recommended that the ground should be roped in. To this, Captain Barclay at first objected; but the crowd became so great on Monday, and he had experienced so much interruption, that he was at last prevailed upon to allow this precaution to be taken. For the last two days he appeared in higher spirits, and performed his walk with apparently more ease, and in shorter time than he had done for some days before. With the change of the weather, he had thrown off his loose great coat, which he wore during the rainy period, and on Wednesday performed in a flannel jacket. He also put on shoes thicker than any which he had used in the earlier part of his performance. He said that during the first night after his walk he would have himself awaked twice or thrice, to avoid the danger of a too sudden transition from almost constant exertion to a state of long repose.
One hundred to one, and indeed any odds whatever, were offered on Wednesday; but so strong was the confidence in his success, that no bets could be obtained. The multitude of people who resorted to the scene of action, in the course of the concluding days, was unprecedented. Not a bed could be procured on Tuesday night at Newmarket,Cambridge, or any of the towns and villages in the vicinity, and every horse and every species of vehicle was engaged. Among the Nobility and Gentry who witnessed the conclusion of this extraordinary feat, were:—
The Dukes of Argyle and St. Alban's; Earls Grosvenor, Besborough and Jersey; Lords Foley and Somerville; Sir John Lode, Sir F. Standish, &c. &c.
Capt Barclay had a large sum depending upon his undertaking. The aggregate of the bets is supposed to amount to £100,000.—He commenced his feat on the first of June."
He was aide-de-camp to the Marquess of Huntly during the ill-fated Walcheren campaign in 1809, starting out just five days after his walking feat was completed. In 1834-39 he unsuccessfully claimed the Earldom of Airth, and later also the Earldoms of Strathern and Menteith. Published An agricultural tour in the United States and Upper Canada, 1841. He married, between 1815 and 1819, Mary (1797-1820), daughter of Alexander Delgarno of Aberdeen, watchmaker, and had issue:
(1) Margaret Barclay-Allardice (1816-1903) (q.v.);
(2) Mary Barclay-Allardice (1819-23), born 29 July 1819; died young, 14 October 1823.
He also had three illegitimate sons by two mistresses; by Helen Shepherd he had issue:
(X1.1) Robert Barclay (1834-96); captain in merchant navy; married Elizabeth Reith (1836-1904 and had issue three sons: for more details of their descendants see the comments below;
and by Ann Angus (1823-92) he had issue:
(X2.1) Robert Barclay-Allardice (1843-97), farm labourer; died unmarried in Craigleith poorhouse, Edinburgh;
(X2.2) David Stewart Barclay (1849-1906), inspector of police; married, 1870, Alice Ernestine Gaze; also had an illegitimate son by Elizabeth Cook (1858-1901).
He inherited the Ury and Allardice estates from his father in 1797, but lived at Fritwell Manor (Oxfordshire), which he leased. The Scottish estates were sold after his death.
He died from injuries sustained from the kick of a horse, 1 May 1854. His wife died 30 August 1820.
Barclay-Allardice (nee Barclay-Allardice, then Ritchie, then Tanner), Margaret (1816-1903). Only child of Capt. Robert Barclay-Allardice (1779-1854) and his wife Mary, daughter of Alexander Delgarno of Aberdeen, born 4 July and baptised at Fritwell (Oxon), 12 October 1816. She unsuccessfully claimed the earldoms of Strathearn, Menteith and Airth before the House of Lords in 1870; resumed the surname Barclay-Allardice by royal licence, 1854 and again after her second marriage, 2 July 1883. She married 1st, 2 April 1840 at St Mary, Kensington (Middx), Samuel Ritchie (1813-45) and 2nd, 30 July 1854 at Boonton, New Jersey (USA), James Tanner (1813-66), and had issue:
(1.2) Mary Hay Ritchie (1842-49), born in New York, 7 September 1842; died young at Clontarf (Ireland), 30 September 1849 and was buried in Aberdeen;
(1.3) Samuel Frederick Ritchie (later Barclay-Allardice) (1843-62), born in Aberdeen, 15 October 1843; died unmarried in New York, 14 April 1862;
(1.4) David Stuart Ritchie (later Barclay-Allardice) (1845-1915), of Providence, Rhode Island (USA), born at Duddingston (Midlothian), 21 November 1845; emigrated to America where he worked as a streetcar conductor and later night watchman; married 15 October 1868 at Brattleboro, Vermont (USA), Fanny Foster (d. 1940), daughter of Edwin Day Elliott of West Brattleboro, and had issue four sons and three daughters; died at Providence, Rhode Island, 12 October 1915.
She died 7 August 1903; her will was proved 22 December 1903 (estate £175). Her first husband died at Auchenstuart House, 17 September 1845. Her second husband died 21 January 1866.
Burke's Landed Gentry, successive editions; GEC, Complete Peerage, viii, p. 677; Sir J.B. Paul (ed.), Peerage of Scotland, i, 1904, pp. 138-45; Sir H. Nicolas, History of the Earldoms of Strathern, Monteith and Airth, 1842; J. Geddes, Deeside and the Mearns - an illustrated architectural guide, 2001, p. 63; G. MacGregor, The Red Book of Scotland, vol. 1, 2nd edn., 2018, pp. 92-105; http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1690-1715/member/allardice-(allerdyce)-sir-george-1672-1709
Location of archives
Barclay-Allardice family: deeds, estate, genealogical and family papers, 1201-20th cent. [National Records of Scotland, GD49]
Coat of arms
Argent, a fesse wavy gules between three boar's heads erased sable.