|Basset of Tehidy|
Tehidy Park, Cornwall
|Tehidy Park: the new house built in 1734-39 with four detached pavilions, from an engraving in William Borlase's Natural History of Cornwall (1758).|
|Tehidy Park: engraving of the house published by William Watts in 1781.|
|Tehidy Park: a view of the house in its landscaped setting taken after the first addition to the house, c.1783. Image: Historic England/Rutland Gallery.|
|Tehidy Park: the house as enlarged by William Burn in 1861-63. Image: Historic England.|
|Tehidy Park: the drawing room as redecorated by Burn. Image: Historic England. |
Evenley Hall, Northamptonshire
Basset family of Tehidy Park, Barons de Dunstanville and Barons Basset of Stratton
(1) Sir John Basset (1463-1529), kt. (q.v.);(2) Thomas Basset; died in infancy;(3) Martin Basset;(4) John Basset junior;(5) Thomas Basset;(6) Margaret Basset (c.1470-1537); married, 1 June 1495 at Dorchester (Oxon), Thomas Beauforest (c.1470-1530), and had issue three sons and one daughter.(7) Agnes Basset (b. c.1472); married Thomas Hache or Hatch (1470-1539) and had issue one daughter.
(1.1) A son; who died in infancy;(1.2) Anne Basset (c.1490-1531?); one of the daughters sent to live with Lord Daubeney with a view to a marriage with his son, which did not take place; married, 1511, James Courtenay (c.1479-1546) of Upcott, Cheriton Fitzpaine (Devon), a younger son of Sir William Courtenay, kt., of Powderham Castle (Devon); said to have died in 1531;(1.3) Margery Basset; married William Marrys of Marhayes Manor, Week St Mary (Cornw.) and had issue one daughter;(1.4) Jane Basset; 'a talkative and assertive character' she lived with her sister Thomasine at Umberleigh House and died unmarried, sometime in the 1540s;(1.5) Thomasine Basset (d. 1536); one of the daughters sent to live with Lord Daubeney with a view to a marriage with his son, which did not take place; she lived with her sister Jane at Umberleigh House, although in 1534 she appears to have fled from Jane's domineering presence to her sister Margery's house; she apparently died unmarried while returning to Umberleigh, 9 April 1536;(2.1) Honor Basset (b. 1515); probably died young;(2.2) Philippa Basset (c.1516-82); arrested on suspicion of treason with her mother and sister Mary at Calais, 1540; married, before 1548, James Pitts of Overcombe; died 1582;(2.3) John Basset (1518-41) (q.v.);(2.4) Anne Basset (c.1521-c.1557); as a child she went with her mother and step-father Lord Lisle to Calais, and in November 1533 entered the household of Thybault Rouaud, Sire de Riou (d.1556), at Pont de Remy near Abbeville; she served as a maid of honour successively to Queens Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Katharine Parr, and also to Queen Mary I, 1553-54; she is said to have been a mistress of King Henry VIII and there were rumours that he might marry her in 1540 and 1542; married, 11 June 1554 at Richmond (Surrey), as his first wife, Sir Walter Hungerford MP (d. c.1596) and had issue two sons (who died young); died before 1558;(2.5) Katherine Basset (b. c.1522); placed in the household of Eleanor Manners, Countess of Rutland, who was herself a lady in waiting to four of Henry VIII's Queens (Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves and Catherine Howard), until 1540; she then joined the household of Queen Anne of Cleves; married, 8 December 1547, Sir Henry Ashley (1519-88) MP, of Wimborne St Giles (Dorset), and had issue two sons; living in 1558 but predeceased her husband;(2.6) George Basset (c.1524-79?) (q.v.);(2.7) Mary Basset (c.1523-98); went with her mother and step-father Lord Lisle to Calais, and was placed about 1534 in the household of Nicholas de Montmorency, Sire de Bours (d. 1537), where she remained for almost four years; in 1540 she was secretly engaged to Gabriel de Montmorency, Seigneur de Bours, and her closeness to a French subject was incriminating evidence in Lord Lisle's arrest for treason, followed by the arrest of Mary herself, with her mother and sister Philippa Basset; she was released from house arrest at Calais in 1542 and later returned to England, where she married, 8 June 1557, John Wollacombe of Combe, Roborough, Devon and had issue; she was buried at Roborough, 21 May 1598;(2.8) James Basset (1526-58), born 1526; briefly accompanied his mother and stepfather to Calais, was educated for a clerical career at Reading Abbey (in 1534), Calvy College, Paris (in 1535) and the College of Navarre, Paris (in 1537-38); from 1538 he was a member of the household of the staunchly Roman Catholic Stephen Gardiner (d. 1555), Bishop of Winchester, who was imprisoned and tried for his beliefs; Basset remained loyal to Gardiner and made several attempts to secure his relief and spoke in his defence at his trial in 1551; he was then briefly imprisoned in the Tower himself, and after being released fled to Flanders; on the accession of Queen Mary he return to England and to Gardiner's service; he was MP for Taunton, 1553, Downton, 1554 and Devon, 1554, 1555 and 1558; served as a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Queen Mary I, and was awarded a pension of 1,300 crowns from her husband, King Philip II of Spain; a claim that in 1554 or 1555 he made an attempt to assassinate Mary's half-sister, the Protestant Princess Elizabeth, is probably apocryphal; granted wardship of his nephew, Sir Arthur Basset (1541-86), 1554; he married, c.1554, Mary (d. 1572), one of the ladies in waiting at Queen Mary's court, second daughter of Henry Roper of Canterbury and Eltham (Kent) and Chelsea (Middx) (and a granddaughter of Sir Thomas More), and widow of Stephen Clarke, and had issue two sons; died 21 November and was buried at Blackfriars, Smithfield, London, 26 November 1558; his will, proved in the PCC, 22 December 1558, shows that he left substantial debts and most of his property was sold to pay them.
(1) Eleanor Basset, born about 1540;(2) Sir Arthur Bassett (1541-86), kt. [for whom see the previous post].
(1) James Basset (c.1565-1604);(2) Catherine Basset (d. 1629); married James Cary (1563-1632) of Cockington (Devon), and had issue two sons and two daughters; died at Bideford (Devon), 3 September 1629;(3) Blanche Basset (b. 1567), baptised at Illogan, 19 January 1567; married William Newman.
(1) Sir Francis Basset (1594-1645), kt. (q.v.);(2) Maj-Gen. Sir Thomas Basset; a Royalist who commanded a division of the Royalist army at the Battle of Stamford Hill, 1643;(3) James Basset; probably died young;(4) Col. Sir Arthur Basset; an officer in the Royalist army; seems to have managed the family estate after the death of his eldest brother in 1645 and was his successor as Governor of St Michael's Mount, 1645-46;(5) Nicholas Basset; probably died young;(6) Margery Basset (d. c.1627); married, 1610 at Illogan, Henry Trengrove alias Nance (1556-1625), son of John Trengrove alias Nance, and had issue three sons and two daughters (who all died young apart from one son); died about 1627;(7) Jane alias Joan(na) Basset; married, 22 July 1613 at Illogan, as his second wife, William Courtenay (d. 1641?) of Tremara (Cornw.), son of Richard Courtenay, and had issue four sons and four daughters;(8) Grace Basset; died unmarried;(9) Margaret Basset; died unmarried.
(1) Francis Basset (c.1622-35); eldest son, born before 1624; died young and was buried at Illogan, 17 January 1635;(2) John Basset (c.1624-61) (q.v.);(3) Charles Basset (d. 1627); died young and was buried at Illogan, 29 May 1627;(4) Ann Basset (d. 1634); died young and was buried at Illogan, 10 April 1634;(5) Francis Basset (c.1633-37), born in or after 1633; died without issue in the lifetime of his father, and was buried at Illogan, 18 January 1637;(6) Anne Basset (c.1634-40), born in or after 1634; died young and was buried at Illogan, 1640;(7) James Basset (b. 1635), baptised at Illogan, 17 January 1635/6;(8) Elizabeth Basset (c.1638-91), born about 1638; married, 23 March 1667/8 at St Andrew, Holborn (Middx), as his third wife, Sir John Kelyng (1607-71) of Southill (Beds), Chief Justice of Kings Bench, but had no issue; buried at St Andrew, Holborn, 22 October 1691; will proved in the PCC, 28 October 1691;(9) Jane Basset (c.1640-91), born about 1640; married, before 1664, as his third wife, Sir John Musters (1624-89), kt., and had issue one son; buried at Hornsey (Middx), 17 September 1691; will proved in the PCC, 8 October 1691.
(1) Francis Basset (1649-75) (q.v.);(3) John Basset (c.1652-1709), born about 1652; educated at Exeter College, Oxford (matriculated 1670); died unmarried and was buried at Illogan, 7 January 1708/9;(2) Rev. Charles Basset (1654-1709), born 15 October 1654; educated at Exeter College and St. Alban Hall, Oxford (matriculated 1670; BA 1674); vicar of Launcells, 1682 and Camborne, 1684; rector of Illogan, 1684; died without issue and was buried at Illogan, 2 July 1709;(4) Anne Basset (fl. 1691), living in 1691 when she was executrix of her aunt, Lady Kelyng; died unmarried;(5) Elizabeth Basset (fl. 1691); died unmarried;(6) Richard Basset (b. 1660), baptised at Illogan, 8 February 1659/60; probably died young.
(1) Francis Basset (1675-1721) (q.v.);(2) Lucy Basset (c.1676-1756) of Redruth, probably born posthumously; married, 29 April 1706 at Illogan, James Praed (c.1655-1706) of Trevethoe (Cornw.), MP for St. Ives and Recorder of Penzance, but had no issue; buried at Illogan, 23 September 1756.
(2.1) John Pendarves Basset (1713-39) (q.v.);(2.2) Francis Basset (1715-69) (q.v.);(2.3) Mary Basset (1716-43), born 4 September 1716; married, 9 September 1736 at St Gluvais (Cornw.), as his first wife, Rev. John Collins (1707-75), rector of Uny-Redruth (who m2, 1746, Constance (1715-47), daughter of Paul Michell and m3, c.1755, Anne Williams), and had issue one son; died following childbirth and was buried at Illogan, 18 July 1743;(2.4) Lucy Basset (1717-58), baptised at Illogan, 9 February 1717; married John Enys (1710-73) of Enys (Cornw.), and had issue four sons and four daughters; died 1 January and was buried at St Gluvais, 4 January 1758; administration of goods granted at Exeter, 1758;(2.5) Anne Basset (1718-65), baptised at Illogan, 16 March 1718; married, 31 December 1747 at Illogan (Cornw), Swete Nicholas Archer (1715-88) of Trelaske (Cornw.), but had no issue; buried at St. Ewe, 3 March 1765;(2.6) Elizabeth Basset (d. c.1744); living in 1739; administration of goods granted to her sister Lucy, 19 April 1744.
Basset, John Pendarves (1713-39). Elder son of Francis Basset (1675-1721) and his second wife Mary, daughter and heiress of Rev. John Pendarves, rector of Drewsteignton and eventual heiress of her uncle, Alexander Pendarves, baptised at Illogan, 4 January 1713/4. Educated at Queen's College, Oxford (matriculated 1731). He married, 12 April 1737 at St Stephen-in-Brannel (Cornw.), Anne (1718-62), daughter and co-heiress of Sir Edmund Prideaux, 5th bt. of Netherton, and had issue:
(1) John Prideaux Basset (1740-56), born posthumously and baptised at St George, Bloomsbury (Middx), 21 May 1740; died young, 28 May 1756, and was buried at Illogan, 14 June 1756.
|Francis Basset (1715-69)|
Image: National Trust
(1) Sir Francis Basset (1757-1835), 1st bt. and 1st Baron de Dunstanville and 1st Baron Basset (q.v.);(2) Margaret Basset (1758-1842), baptised at Illogan, 29 September 1758; married, 30 September 1776 at St Breock (Cornw.), John Rogers (1750-1832) of Treassowe and Penrose, Helston (Cornw.), and had issue six sons and thirteen daughters; died at York House near Penzance (Cornw.), 5 May 1842;(3) Rev. John Basset (1760-1816) (q.v.);(4) Anne Basset (1761-79), baptised at Evenley (Northants), 13 December 1761; died unmarried and was buried at Illogan, 23 September 1779;(5) Cecilia Basset (1763-1846), baptised at Camborne (Cornw.), 13 February 1763; lived at Trevarthian, Marazion (Cornw.) and was noted for her charity to the poor of Helston and district; died unmarried, 20 February 1846;(6) Mary Basset (1765-82?), baptised at Evenley (Northants), 25 March 1765; possibly the woman of this name who was buried at Evenley, 27 May 1782;(7) Catherine Basset (1766-1817), baptised at Evenley, 3 April 1766; died unmarried and was buried at Illogan, 6 June 1817.
|Sir Francis Basset (1757-1835) by P. Batoni|
[Prado Museum, Madrid (Spain)]
(1.1) Frances Basset (1781-1855), 2nd Baroness Basset of Stratton (q.v.).
(1) John Basset (1791-1843) (q.v.).
(1) John Francis Basset (1831-69) (q.v.);(2) Arthur Basset (1833-70) (q.v.);(3) Gustavus Lambart Basset (1834-88) (q.v.);(4) Walter St. Aubyn Basset (1835-1920), born 4 December 1835 and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., London, 15 January 1836; educated at Rugby and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1854; BA 1858; MA 1863); ordained priest, 1861; vicar of West Buckland (Devon), 1868-72 after which he bought a small estate at Treharrock, St. Kew (Cornw.), which his wife sold in 1889; became mentally ill in 1879 and was confined under restraint at Brislington Asylum, Bristol; married, 7 December 1872 at St Mary, West Brompton (Middx), Edith (b. c.1846), daughter of John Pine, farmer; died 10 April and was buried at Llanfair-is-Gaer (Caernarvons), 16 April 1920; administration of his goods (with will annexed) granted 2 July 1920 (effects £290).
(1) Arthur Francis Basset (1873-1950) (q.v.).
(1) Ronald Lambart Basset (1898-1972) of The Lodge House, Hatfield Park (Herts), born 30 November 1898; educated at Eton and RMC Sandhurst; an officer in 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys) (Lt., 1918) in First World War and in Welsh Guards, 1940-44 (Lt-Col., 1943); company director and Chairman of Reeves Whitburn & Co., a discount house in the city of London, 1931-38; racehorse owner; married, 31 October 1931 at Holy Trinity, Brompton (Middx), Lady Elizabeth Legge (1908-2000), Woman of the Bedchamber 1959-81 and Lady in Waiting 1982-93 to HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother (appointed CVO 1976 and DCVO 1989), second daughter of William Legge, 7th Earl of Dartmouth, and had issue two sons; died 24 September 1972; will proved 2 February 1973 (estate £63,340);(2) Patience Mary Basset (1901-56), born 2 March 1901; served in Second World War as a Red Cross commandant; married, 17 November 1920 at Westminster Abbey (sep. 1941; div. 1945), Maj. the Hon. Arthur Victor Agar-Robartes MC (1887-1974) of Lanhydrock House (Cornw.), second surviving son of Thomas Charles Agar-Robartes, 2nd Baron Robartes and 6th Viscount Clifden, and had issue one daughter; died 13 December 1956; will proved 30 May 1957 (estate £27,146).
Location of archives
Coat of arms
Can you help?
- Does anyone know more about the circumstances of John Basset's suicide in 1843?
- I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
- Any additions or corrections to the account given above will be gratefully received and incorporated.