Friday, 8 December 2017

(312) Bagot of Blithfield Hall and Pool Park, Barons Bagot

Bagot of Blithfield, Barons Bagot
The Bagots of Blithfield are in all probability one of the very few families who have held their lands in essentially unbroken continuity since the reign of William the Conqueror, when their core estate of Bagot's Bromley was held by one Bagod of Robert de Stafford. At the beginning of the 19th century the 2nd Lord Bagot, who was an enthusiastic and painstaking antiquary, published his Memorials of the Bagot family, 1824, in which he assembled the evidence for his family's descent in the 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th centuries. Despite his care, the availability of a wider range of sources now enables us to detect some inaccuracies in his work, and there are, as always with early medieval genealogy, some gaps in the record which lead to uncertainties. We come onto firmer ground with Sir Ralph Bagot (d. c.1376), who married - probably as his second wife - the heiress of the neighbouring Blithfield estate. Their descendants merged the two estates but lived at Blithfield, and by the early 19th century nothing was left of Bagot's Bromley; the site was marked by the antiquarian Lord Bagot with an inscribed stone, so that it did not pass wholly out of memory.
A drawing of the monument erected on the site of Bagot's Bromley
by Lord Bagot in 1811. Image: William Salt Library SV-II.80b (45/7685)
Sir Ralph's son and heir, Sir John Bagot (c.1358-1437), had a long and distinguished career as both a knight in royal service and a local administrator, and we know that he rebuilt the house at Blithfield, for in 1398 he complained to the courts about the quality of his carpenter's work. Much less is known about his son and grandson, Richard Bagot (d. c.1477) and Richard Bagot (d. 1485), but the latter was probably killed at the Battle of Bosworth, fighting on the Tudor side. 


Richard's son, John Bagot (c.1436-90) survived his father by only a few years, but in the next generation Sir Lewis Bagot (c.1461-1534) had a glittering career in royal service with both King Henry VII and his son, culminating in his accompanying Henry VIII to the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520. Sir Lewis is said to have been married five times (although only four wives seem to be documented, and the first was a child bride whose marriage may never have been consummated), and he is said to have had nineteen children by the second and third wives (although again, only thirteen have left a trace in the records). The eldest surviving son and heir, Thomas Bagot (c.1500-41) was at the helm during the dissolution of the monasteries. There does not seem to be any evidence that he was a purchaser of monastic lands (though his brother Stephen was), and it is not clear what he thought of the religious reforms of the 16th century. His son, Richard Bagot (c.1530-97) was, however, clearly a convinced Protestant: as a JP he was active in enforcing measures against Roman Catholics and he earned the thanks of the Privy Council for his support of those entrusted with the person of Mary Queen of Scots while she was imprisoned in Staffordshire in 1585-86. Richard was the first of his family to exhibit an interest in antiquarian matters, and this no doubt informed the decisions he made about remodelling and enlarging the house at Blithfield, which probably completed its development into a substantial courtyard house in his lifetime. His enthuasism for antiquarian pursuits seems to have overriden political considerations, since it led him into friendly collaboration with the prominent recusant, Sampson Erdeswick (d. 1603) of Sandon Hall. His son, Walter Bagot (1557-1623), was married to a niece of Lord Burghley, and this gave him more influence at court than would normally have been the lot of a country squire. In 1599, Walter's attempt to be excused from serving as sheriff brought him an unexpected and probably unwelcome testimonial from the Queen, who ‘heard he was an honest man like his father, and therefore was sorry she had spared him so long’. 

When Walter Bagot died in 1623, his son and heir, Sir Hervey Bagot (1591-1660), who purchased a baronetcy in 1627, was living at Field Hall, Leigh (Staffs). He chose not to move into Blithfield, which his widowed mother continued to occupy until her death in 1638, after which he installed his own heir, Sir Edward Bagot (1616-73), 2nd bt., in the house. During the Civil War, Sir Hervey and his younger sons were active supporters of the Royalist cause, and Col. Richard Bagot (1618-45) died from wounds received at the battle of Naseby. The Blithfield estate was sequestered, and although Lady Bagot recovered possession of Field Hall in 1644, Sir Hervey seems to have lived mainly in the close at Lichfield (when he was not with the King at Oxford) until hostilities ended. Sir Hervey was then allowed to compound for his estates, but as he had been such a prominent delinquent, he faced a swingeing fine. This was paid by his son, Sir Edward, who sold the lands in Buckinghamshire which had come to him through his marriage in 1641. Sir Hervey lived to see the Restoration in 1660, but died shortly afterwards.

Sir Edward Bagot (1616-73), 2nd bt., did not play a discernible part in the Civil War, but it is not clear whether he differed in view from his father's firm support of the Royalist cause or whether this was a tactical matter. He was certainly not active on the Parliamentarian side, although he did become a JP for Staffordshire under the Cromwellian regime in the later 1650s. At the Restoration, his career was no doubt helped by his friendship with Lord Clarendon as well as the record of his family. His brother, Col. Hervey Bagot (1617-74), who had been deputy commander of the Royalist garrison at Lichfield at a tender age, married the heiress of the Arden family and through her acquired Pype Hayes Hall, which remained the property of the family until the early 20th century. Sir Edward himself had no less than seventeen children, and was succeeded in 1673 by the eldest surviving son, Sir Walter Bagot (1645-1705), 3rd bt. Sir Walter seems to have had antiquarian interests like several other members of the family, and was a financial supporter of Dr. Robert Plot's Natural History of Staffordshire, 1686, to which he donated an engraved view of Blithfield. He was also a long-serving MP for the county, although in his later years he was prevented from attending regularly by illness. In 1670 he took as his bride Jane Salusbury, an heiress who had come into the Bachymbyd and Pool Park estates in Denbighshire and Merionethshire, amounting to some 20,000 acres, on the death of her father in 1666. These estates passed into the Bagot family, although Sir Walter had to undertake a spirited defence of his title in the courts in the 1670s. The acquisition doubled the wealth and income of the Bagots, and made them one of the leading Staffordshire county families.

Sir Walter was succeeded by his son, Sir Edward Bagot (1674-1712), 4th bt., who became disabled by gout soon after inheriting the estate and died young, aged just 38. His heir was his son, Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot (1702-68), 5th bt., who pursued a remarkably full and rewarding life. He was an MP (of Tory and indeed Jacobite views) for forty-four years, ending up as the representative for the demanding constituency of Oxford University. He had a wide range of artistic, cultural and intellectual interests, which are reflected in his surviving correspondence, his building activities at Blithfield, and the award of an honorary doctorate from Oxford in 1737; and he was involved in a number of charitable projects, including being a trustee of the Foundling Hospital in London and the Radcliffe Library in Oxford. At home, he was married for over forty years to Lady Barbara Legge, daughter of the 1st Earl of Dartmouth, and by her had sixteen children, many of whom also led interesting and fulfilling lives. His eldest son, Sir William Bagot (1729-98), 6th bt., who seems to have shared many of his father's interests, and who, as a consistent promoter of artistic talent, furthered the careers of James Wyatt and Josiah Wedgwood among others, continued the family's parliamentary tradition, and when he retired from the House of Commons in 1780 was raised to the peerage as 1st Baron Bagot. The second son, Charles Bagot (1730-93) was a wine merchant in Oporto (Portugal) until 1755, when he inherited Chicheley Hall (Bucks) from his cousin, Sir Charles Bagot Chester, 7th bt., who passed over several closer relatives in order to make Charles his heir. [An account of his descendants and of Chicheley Hall will be given in a future post on the Chester family]. The third son, Rev. Walter Bagot (1731-1806), inherited Pype Hayes Hall in 1775 on the death of the last of Col. Hervey Bagot's descendants. Both he and his brother Charles were friends of the poet William Cowper, and several of his children evinced intellectual and/or literary interests. Pype Hayes remained the property of his descendants until 1906. The fourth son, Richard Bagot (1733-1818), trained as a lawyer, but in 1761-63 seized the opportunity of  a diplomatic mission led by his friend, the Earl of Northampton, to go to Italy, and took with him (perhaps at the suggestion of his elder brother, Sir William) the 16-year-old aspiring architect James Wyatt, whose family came from near Blithfield. Richard left marriage late, but in 1783 married the heiress Frances Howard, who had just inherited Ashtead Park (Surrey) from her uncle and who in 1803 succeeded her mother in an extensive estate including Levens Hall (Westmld), Elford Hall (Staffs) and Castle Rising (Norfk). He took the name Howard in lieu of Bagot, and in 1808 he added to his property portfolio the Fisherwick estate in Staffordshire, which adjoined Elford. All this property subsequently descended to his only daughter, Mary Howard (1785-1877), who remained single throughout her long life, and at her death divided her estates between several distant relatives. [See my forthcoming post on the Bagots of Levens Hall].
Bishop's Palace, St. Asaph: probably designed by Samuel
Wyatt for the Rt. Rev. Lewis Bagot
The 5th baronet's fifth surviving son, Rt. Rev. Lewis Bagot (1741-1802) pursued a successful career in the church, becoming Dean of Christ Church, Oxford and later Bishop successively of Bristol, Norwich and St. Asaph; he too promoted the careers of James and Samuel Wyatt, particularly in Oxford, but also later through his commission for a new bishop's palace at St. Asaph.


The 1st Lord Bagot had a somewhat smaller family than his father (only ten children, of whom several died young from scarlet fever), but once again they included several who pursued careers of interest. His second surviving son, Sir Charles Bagot (1781-1843), kt., became one of Britain's first professional diplomats, and ended up as Governor-General of Canada, while his third surviving son, Richard Bagot (1782-1854), entered the church and became a rather reluctant Bishop, forced to confront the crisis in the direction of the church raised by the Tractarian movement. The 1st Baron's heir, however, was William Bagot (1773-1856), 2nd Baron Bagot. He had wide-ranging intellectual interests, was the third successive owner of Blithfield to receive an honorary doctorate from Oxford, and was a Fellow of four learned societies, but unlike his predecessors did not take an active part in politics. He devoted his time instead to antiquarian pursuits, especially the history of his own family, and as we have seen published Memorials of the family of Bagot in 1824. He went beyond celebrating his family history in print, however, to do so in bricks and mortar. At Blithfield he evolved with the artist and architect John Buckler a scheme of remodelling which preserved much of the old fabric of the house, but made it far more picturesquely Gothic than it had been before. At Pool Park he undertook a straightforward rebuilding which no doubt was intended to have a similarly archaic effect, but which to modern eyes is clamantly of its period.

After three generations in which intellectual abilities and interests were unusually apparent, the 2nd Baron's heir, William Bagot (1811-87), 3rd Baron Bagot, cuts a more conventional and less intriguing figure. Although he undertook some European travel in his 20s and was an MP for Denbighshire before he inherited the peerage, it was for his career in the Staffordshire Yeomanry (which he commanded from 1854) and for his dedication to hunting that he was most remarked by his contemporaries. Similar interests are apparent in his son and heir, William Bagot (1857-1932), 4th Baron Bagot. He married an American Roman Catholic in 1903, and the couple produced an only daughter before separating soon afterwards. This left as his heir presumptive a nephew, who was killed in the First World War. The next heirs were two great-grandsons of the 1st Baron, who until 1916 can have had no expectation of inheritance. The elder of them died shortly before the 4th Baron, and the family lawyers experienced some difficulty in tracing the other, who after years training polo ponies in South America was eventually found rather nearer to hand, training racehorses outside Paris. Against this background, and given the successive shocks delivered by the agricultural depression, the rise of redistributive taxation, and the First and Second World Wars, it is perhaps no surprise to find that the sands of the family ran out so quickly in the early 20th century. In 1883, the family still owned 30,543 acres in Staffordshire, Denbighshire and Merionethshire, with a rental of over £22,000 a year, although the mansion at Pool Park was already let. The majority of the North Wales estate was sold in 1928, although Pool Park itself was retained until 1936. The 4th and 5th Barons continued to live at Blithfield, but on an ever more circumscribed basis. By 1943, the 5th Baron was said to be living in three rooms out of 82, looked after by a skeleton staff. It is therefore no wonder that he acceded to a request from the South Staffordshire Water Company to buy the Blithfield estate in 1945. The company wished to create a new water supply reservoir for Birmingham and the Black Country by damming the River Blythe and flooding much of the estate. They specified no plans for the house, and it seems likely that it would have been left empty and demolished in the 1950s like so many others, if matters had proceeded as intended.

The 3rd Baron, at his death, had transferred the ownership of the estate to Trustees, under whom the 5th Baron had something of the position of a life tenant, entitled to the income from the estate. Under the terms of the Trust, however, he did have power to direct the sale of the freehold and contents of Blithfield, but the proceeds of such sales accrued to the Trust and not directly to him personally. He also needed the agreement of the next heir to sell those contents which had been designated as heirlooms. To secure this consent, the 5th Baron invited down the heir presumptive, his second cousin, Caryl Ernest Bagot (1877-1961), 6th Baron Bagot, and his young Australian second wife, Nancy. Recognising that there would be little space in their London home for heirlooms from Blithfield, they set aside a few things they would like to have, and agreed to the sale of the remainder. The contents sales took place in 1945, but the sale of the freehold to the Water Company was still in progress when the 5th Baron died. The new Lord Bagot and his wife came down to Blithfield to clear out the remaining contents and found that they had fallen in love with the place. Although it was too late to stop the sale to the Water Company going through, they persuaded the Will Trustees to buy back the house and some 300 acres of the estate that were not going to be drowned by the Water Company's reservoir, and they began the process of restoring the old house, which was also opened to the public for a time to help raise money for restoration. In 1961, Lady Bagot bought the freehold of the estate from the Will Trust, thus ensuring that when her husband died later that year, the property did not pass with the title to the 7th Baron Bagot, who was again a distant cousin with little connection to the estate, but remained in her possession, allowing her to continue her restoration project. In the 1980s, two wings of the house were sold to provide further funds for restoration and make the task more manageable, and in 1999 Lady Bagot made over the core of the house to a new trust, of which the 6th Baron's great-nephew, Cdr. Charles James Bagot Jewitt (b. 1966), is the present beneficiary. In 2011, Lady Bagot published her memoir, Blithfield House - a country house saved, which provides a detailed account of the advances and reverses by which her heroic rescue of Blithfield proceeded; she died in 2014.



Blithfield Hall, Staffordshire


Blithfield is a low rambling picturesque courtyard house that has developed its present form over several centuries. In medieval times the house occupied a moated platform, the size and shape of which are probably fairly well indicated by the external walls of the house. Part of the moat remained open until c.1769, when it was filled in to allow the addition of a new drawing room at the south-west corner. 
Blithfield Hall: the earliest known record of the house is this engraving of the north and west fronts, from Dr. Plot's Natural History of Staffordshire, 1686. The cupola over the hall can be seen to the left of the large gable in the centre.

The house that came to the Bagots in the mid 14th century was rebuilt soon afterwards, for in 1398, Sir John Bagot complained that Robert Stanlowe, the carpenter, had worked so negligently and unskillfully that it had fallen into ruin. The house then consisted of a hall (probably on the site of the current great hall in the north range), perhaps with cross-wings, and a gatehouse which it may be conjectured stood in the middle of the south range, where the later porch tower is now. 
Blithfield Hall: artist's reconstruction of the 16th century
hall, viewed from the dais end. Image: South Staffordshire
Archaeological & Historical Society.
There is evidence for the progressive expansion of these buildings into a courtyard house in a first floor chamber in the west range which has a surviving 15th century roof (now concealed), and in 16th century timber-framed walling which has been observed in the south range west of the putative gatehouse and elsewhere. The courtyard arrangement was probably completed by the third quarter of the 16th century at the latest.  That is when the hall and the range to its east were re-roofed and probably substantially rebuilt. They preserve roofs of this period (again concealed) and in the early 19th century it was still remembered that the hall had once had a bay window at the dais end which would have projected into the courtyard and which was probably also 16th century. The best surviving room of the 16th century is the former Great Chamber (see below), which has surviving green and gold Elizabethan panelling incorporating an elaborate display of heraldry over the fireplace; its plain shallow barrel ceiling is, however, a later insertion.

Piecemeal alterations and improvements probably continued throughout the 17th century, but the only surviving evidence of these today are the late 17th century panelled study and the main staircase of c.1660-70. This stood originally at the screens end of the hall, but was later moved to its present position in the north range and rearranged. 


Blithfield Hall: the staircase of c.1660-70 was moved to its present location in the 19th century. Image: Nicholas Kingsley. Some rights reserved.



The earliest large-scale remodelling of which anything is known was carried out in c.1738-45 by Richard Trubshaw and his son Charles Cope Trubshaw for Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot, 5th bt. This involved adding an additional thin range of buildings to the north front of the house, making the north range into a double-pile. As thus remodelled, the range originally had an austerely plain fifteen bay two-storey facade, although the fenestration was not entirely regular. The elevation has, however, been truncated at both ends by later alterations, so there are today only eleven bays. Also of this time is the decoration of the library on the first floor of the east range, with pilastered panelling. 


Blithfield Hall: north and west fronts drawn by John Buckler, c.1828, after his alterations. Image: British Library


Blithfield Hall: survey plan of the house, c.1740, showing the alterations made by the Trubshaws
to the north front. North front at the top. Image: Historic England
A plan of the house shortly after these alterations shows an open colonnade along the south side of the central courtyard, and this too was probably part of Trubshaw's programme of works. A scheme for redecorating the Great Hall in the Gothick style of Batty Langley, for which a design of 1745 by C.C. Trubshaw survives, was apparently not executed, but it may have inspired the present charming interior created in the 1820s.


Blithfield Hall: orangery by Athenian Stuart in 1993, before restoration. Image:  Nicholas Kingsley. Some rights reserved.

In 1768 Sir William Bagot (later the 1st Baron Bagot) succeeded his father at Blithfield, and he at once brought in James 'Athenian' Stuart to make improvements to the house. Stuart first designed a fine eleven-bay orangery with pedimented ends facing the north front of the house, the construction of which was entrusted to Samuel and Joseph Wyatt, two young members of an established local building dynasty, whose careers the family had been fostering for some time. Stuart then made proposals for rebuilding parts of the house, but Sir William found his ideas too ambitious, and turned to Samuel Wyatt for less expensive changes.
Blithfield Hall: engraving of the house showing the Samuel Wyatt
drawing room at the south-west angle of the house.
Samuel made various drawings, but in the end merely reconstructed the south-west corner of the house to accommodate a large new drawing room and new family rooms, which were built in 1769; he was paid just £21 for his designs. An engraving of the house in the 1790s shows the simple neo-classical block that resulted projecting at the west end of the south front under a pedimental gable. The fenestration consisted of three tall ground-floor windows separated by a plat band from a Diocletian window above; all without architraves of any kind.


The 2nd Baron Bagot (1778-1856), who inherited Blithfield at the age of 20 in 1798, was both a romantic and an antiquarian, like so many of his generation. He was inspired by the long association of his family with Blithfield to make the house more clamantly medieval than it had ever been before, and in c.1818-24 he planned a major remodelling to this effect. The designs almost certainly came from John Buckler (1770-1851), an assiduous topographical artist and occasional architect, who was later commissioned by Lord Bagot and William Salt of Stafford to make record drawings of Blithfield, and to rebuild Lord Bagot's seat in North Wales, Pool Park. 


Blithfield Hall: drawing of the south front as remodelled by John Buckler, c.1820-28. Image: British Library
Blithfield Hall: the central courtyard, with the Great Hall windows on the right, and the 'cloister' of the 1820s on the left.
The basic scheme for Blithfield had been devised, and construction work may have begun, by 1820, for the house is shown as remodelled in J.P. Neale's engraving of the house published in that year. The actual construction devolved upon James Trubshaw (1777-1853), the great-grandson of the architect who had altered Blithfield in the 1730s. Building works were probably concentrated in the 1820s, but may well have continued sporadically until 1838, when Trubshaw designed a wonderfully over-the-top cottage orné lodge (now Goat Lodge) for the estate.
Blithfield Hall: Goat Lodge: drawing of 1842 by T.P. Wood.
Image: William Salt Library/Staffordshire Record Office.
It was through the 1820s remodelling
 that the south, west and north fronts took their present form; the carefully stage-managed approach through two gatehouses to the front door in the south range was created; the classical colonnade in the central courtyard was replaced by an enclosed Gothic cloister walk with a corridor above, that improved access to the first floor bedrooms in the south range; and the Great Hall was given its present Gothic plaster dress. The great hall now has traceried windows, very tall canopied niches, an elaborate lierne vault with pendants, and a screens passage. The plasterwork is all by Francis Bernasconi (1762-1841), and the plaster vault is suspended below the original Tudor roof of the great hall.


Blithfield Hall: the plasterwork decoration of the Great Hall in the mid 20th century.
Blithfield Hall: the plaster ceiling of the Great Hall which now conceals the 16th century
timber ceiling illustrated above. Image: Nicholas Kingsley. Some rights reserved.
Blithfield Hall: an early Victorian watercolour of the interior of the conservatory created by John Buckler in the 1820s.
Image: Nicholas Kingsley. Some rights reserved.


The later 19th century saw few changes at Blithfield. The 3rd Baron brought in William Burn in 1860 to carry out some minor works, and later also consulted George Devey on at least three occasions (in 1866, 1873 and 1882). A game larder was built north-east of the house in 1895. But like so many families, the Bagots found they were increasingly hard up in the last quarter of the 19th century and the early 20th century. The 5th Baron, who inherited in 1932 at the age of sixty-six, occupied only a fraction of the house before the Second World War and by 1943 a distant relative visiting for the first time recorded 'Blithfield could come straight out of a book about someone going to a haunted castle that has been asleep for seventy years - as it has been... [Lord Bagot] lives in three rooms out of eighty-two, and is a lonely, but charming, old man... He took me all over the house, which must be one of the most complete museums in existence'. Within two years, however, Lord Bagot had contracted to sell the estate to the South Staffordshire Water Works, who wished to make a reservoir in the park, and held a grand sale (in 1945) of the contents of the house. He died the following year, leaving the title and estate to his cousin, Sir Caryl Bagot (1877-1961), 6th Baron Bagot. The sale to the water company was then too far advanced to be stopped, but when the 6th Baron and his much younger Australian wife visited the house to pack up the remaining contents, they fell in love with the place. They succeeded in getting the family trust to buy back from the Water Company the house and 300 acres, and over the next fifteen years invested all their time and energy in modernising and improving the condition of the house, which was also opened to the public. From 1953 onwards they restored and redecorated with the advice of John Fowler, whose distinctive colour-palette became very evident in the house.


Blithfield Hall: the 16th century first-floor Great Chamber, as redecorated by Lady Bagot with the advice of John Fowler.
Nicholas Kingsley. Some rights reserved.

In 1961, Nancy, Lady Bagot, bought the freehold of Blithfield Hall from the family will trust, thus ensuring that she could continue to cherish and restore the house after the death of the 6th Baron. In the 1980s she took the difficult decision to subdivide the house. A number of modest flats were created in the outbuildings, the south and west ranges were sold as separate houses, and the family retained the principal rooms in the north range. In 1999, the main part of Blithfield Hall was handed over to the great-nephew of the 6th Baron, Charles James Bagot Jewitt (b. 1965), who with his wife now occupies the main part of the house.


Blithfield Hall: the south front in recent years. 
Descent: Sir Ralph Bagot (d. c.1376); to son, Sir John Bagot (c.1358-1437), kt.; to son, Richard Bagot (d. c.1477); to son, Richard Bagot (d. 1485); to son, John Bagot (c.1436-90); to son, Sir Lewis Bagot (c.1461-1534), kt.; to son, Thomas Bagot (c.1500-41); to son, Richard Bagot (c.1530-97); to son, Walter Bagot (1557-1623); to son, Sir Hervey Bagot (1591-1660), 1st bt.; to son, Sir Edward Bagot (1616-73), 2nd bt.; to son, Sir Walter Bagot (1645-1705), 3rd bt.; to son, Sir Edward Bagot (1674-1712), 4th bt.; to son, Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot (1702-68), 5th bt.; to son, Sir William Bagot (1729-98), 6th bt. and 1st Baron Bagot; to Sir William Bagot (1773-1856), 2nd Baron Bagot; to son, William Bagot (1811-87), 3rd Baron Bagot; to son, William Bagot (1857-1932), 4th Baron Bagot; to second cousin, Gerald William Bagot (1866-1946), 5th Baron Bagot; sold 1945 to South Staffordshire Water Co.; sold 1946 to Caryl Bagot (1877-1961), 6th Baron Bagot; sold 1961 to Nancy, Lady Bagot (1919-2014); given 1999 to her great-nephew by marriage, Charles James Bagot Jewitt (b. 1965).


Bachymbyd, Llanynys, Denbighshire


Bachymbyd: a drawing from a Graingerised copy of Thomas Pennant's Tour in Wales, 1781,
perhaps by Moses Griffith. Image: National Library of Wales.

John Salusbury of Lleweni acquired an estate at Bachymbyd in the late 15th century, but nothing is known of the predecessor of the present building. Bachymbyd was rebuilt by Charles Salusbury in 1666 in red brick with stone dressings as a seven bay block with a two-bay slightly projecting wing to the right, with a hipped roof. The matching wing to the left may never have been built (though it is shown in a vignette on a map of 1723), as the house was said to be unfinished at the time of Salusbury's death. If it ever existed, the wing had certainly gone by the late 18th century. The house has cross windows and a moulded stone cornice. The mullions and transoms are, though, still of stone, and there is a Jacobean flavour about the heraldry and inscribed date above the entrance. This work was reset in alterations which involved the loss of the original doorcase. Being unfinished at Charles Salusbury's death in 1666, the house was never occupied by the family, but always let to farming tenants. Since the house was sold by the Bagot estate in 1928, there have been alterations, especially to the interior. The gable end, where the missing wing should be, was remodelled by K.W. Favell, c.1960. A staircase wing projects at the rear. 

Descent: John Salusbury (fl. c.1500); to son, Piers Salesbury; to son, Robert Salesbury (fl. 1546); to son, John Salesbury MP (d. 1580); to son, Sir Robert Salusbury (d. 1599); to son, John Salusbury (d. 1608); to uncle, John Salusbury (d. 1611); to brother, William Salusbury (d. 1660); to second son, Charles Salusbury (d. 1666), who built the house; to daughter, Jane Salusbury (d. 1695), wife of Sir Walter Bagot (1645-1705), 3rd bt.; to son, Sir Edward Bagot (1674-1712), 4th bt.; to son, Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot (1702-68), 5th bt.; to son, Sir William Bagot (1729-98), 6th bt., 1st Baron Bagot; to son, William Bagot (1773-1856), 2nd Baron Bagot; to son, William Bagot (1811-87), 3rd Baron Bagot; to son, William Bagot (1857-1932), 4th Baron Bagot, who sold as part of Pool Park estate in 1928... Mr. & Mrs G.H. Higham (fl. 1958)... A.R. Rowland (fl. 2010).


Pool Park, Efenechtyd, Ruthin, Denbighshire


The estate apparently originated as one of the five deer parks associated with Ruthin Castle, which was sold in the early 16th century to John Salesbury, who held it alongside Rhug and Bachymbyd.  In the 17th century the estate was divided between the two sons of William Salusbury, with Bachymbyd and Pool Park passing to his younger but favoured son, Charles Salusbury. When Charles died without male heirs, it passed to his only surviving daughter Jane, who in 1670 married Sir Walter Bagot of Blithfield. Little seems to be known of the house that the Bagots acquired, although a view of the interior of the hall suggests that it had probably been rebuilt by the Salusburys in the Jacobean period.


Pool Park, Ruthin: a view of the interior of the hall of the old house, which was replaced in the 1820s. Image: Thomas Lloyd.

The grounds of Pool Park were apparently landscaped in the later 18th or early 19th century, either for the 1st Lord Bagot, or perhaps more plausibly, given the antiquarian references with which the grounds were decorated, by the 2nd Baron, who inherited in 1798.


Pool Park: an old postcard showing the house in about 1910, with the applied half-timbering intact.

The 2nd Baron was certainly responsible for rebuilding the house of the Salusbury family in 1826-29 to the designs of John Buckler, who is believed to have remodelled Blithfield a few years earlier. The local architect Benjamin Gummow was also involved, no doubt as clerk of works or site architect. The house is in the neo-Elizabethan style, with the main block and original service rooms all contained within a single symmetrical block with an E-plan front elevation and a symmetrical seven-bay side elevation. The centre of the entrance front is composed of three bays either side of a two-storey porch which is rather tightly squeezed into the composition, and which stands in front of a big central gable. At either end of the facade are boldly projecting wings, also crowned with tall gables. There are dormers in the roof, as well as tall chimneys rising at regular intervals along the ridge, and the windows are all mullioned and transomed - mostly of two lights but of three in the wings. Round the corner, the side elevation has a gabled central projection with an oriel window on the first floor, and to either side, further gablets also placed above oriel windows. 


Pool Park: the house in 1954. Image: Royal Commission on the Ancient & Historical Monuments of Wales.
Crown Copyright, reused under the Open Government Licence.

The upper walls of the house were in the late 19th century decorated with small-scale applied half-timbering. The intensely Victorian effect of this makes it seem unlikely that it was part of the original design, but this does appear to be the case. When the semi-timbering was removed in the 1930s, leaving only the carved bargeboards on the gables, it was replaced by plain white stucco, and the ground-floor walls were painted white to match. This leaves the yellow sandstone porch sticking out like a sore thumb. Inside, little of the original interior decoration survives, but there is a striking Imperial staircase which seems to have been created in the early 20th century, perhaps by a tenant. It incorporates decorated vase-shaped 17th century balusters, figurative panels, and other reused woodwork which is said to have originally come from a house called Clocaenog. The house was never used as a principal residence by the Bagots, and was let to a series of tenants, including George Richards Elkington, the Birmingham electroplater, and Robert Blezard, a brewer from Liverpool.


Pool Park: the staircase, soon after 1995. Some elements of the decoration
have been removed from the site for safe-keeping. Image: Lack family
The house was sold in 1937 to the North Wales Counties Mental Hospital, which used it to provide accommodation for additional patients who could not be found places in their overcrowded Denbigh asylum. A prisoner of war camp was also constructed in the grounds during the Second World War. The house continued in use as a mental hospital until 1989, and it was sold three years later to a property developer, but the building has stood empty ever since, and recent years appear to have seen accelerating decay.

Descent: Charles Salusbury (d. 1666); to daughter, Jane Salusbury (d. 1695), wife of Sir Walter Bagot (1645-1705), 3rd bt.; to son, Sir Edward Bagot (1674-1712), 4th bt.; to son, Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot (1702-68), 5th bt.; to son, Sir William Bagot (1729-98), 6th bt., 1st Baron Bagot; to son, William Bagot (1773-1856), 2nd Baron Bagot; to son, William Bagot (1811-87), 3rd Baron Bagot; to son, William Bagot (1857-1932), 4th Baron Bagot; to second cousin, Gerald William Bagot (1866-1946), 5th Baron Bagot; sold 1937 to North Wales Counties Mental Hospital; transferred 1948 to NHS; sold 1992.


Pype Hayes Hall, Erdington, Warwickshire

A much-altered timber-framed house, dating originally from the late 16th or early 17th century, when the estate belonged to the Arden family of Park Hall, Castle Bromwich. Externally, the main feature is a row of tiny wooden gables on the roof-line, and there are the usual wings projecting on either side of the hall range. When Robert Arden died in 1643 the estate passsed to his sister Dorothy, who had married Hervey Bagot of Blithfield, and it then became a secondary seat of the Bagot family.

Pype Hayes Hall: entrance front. The original 17th century house is well concealed by 18th and 19th century alterations.




The house was remodelled in the mid 18th century, when the whole house was rendered, the present staircase was built and the pedimented porch with Tuscan columns added. A new stable block was built in 1762, which may date these changes, and the landscaping of the park, with its lake may also have been carried out at the same time. In the mid 19th century, the house was doubled in depth and a new neo-Jacobean garden front was created.


Pype Hayes Hall: the neo-Jacobean rear elevation added in the mid 19th century.
By the 1880s, the house was on the edge of the growing Birmingham conurbation, and the Bagot family sold some 700 acres here to the Birmingham, Tame & Rea Drainage Board, which created the Minworth Sewage Works to deal with the city's effluent. After the freehold was sold to Birmingham City Council in 1919, the grounds became a public park, and the house was converted into a City Council children's home until the 1970s. In 2015 the Council sold the house to a private developer for conversion into an hotel with spa and swimming pool facilities.

Descent: Robert Arden (d. 1643); to sister, Dorothy, wife of Col. Hervey Bagot (1617-74); to son, Arden Bagot (1647-96); to son, Thomas Arden Bagot (1687-1729); to son, Egerton Bagot (1713-75); to kinsman, Rev. Walter Bagot (1731-1806); to son, Rev. Egerton Arden Bagot (1777-1861); to nephew, William Walter Bagot (1847-93); to widow, Lucy Matilda Bagot (1847-96); to daughter, Frances Anna Mary (1869-1915), wife of Harry Richard Reginald Bagot (1860-1908) and later of Henry Bennett Ewins-Burrell-Ewins, who leased the estate to J. Rollason and then sold the freehold to him in 1906; sold 1919 to Birmingham City Council; sold 2015.


Ashtead Park, Surrey


The first manor house of which anything is known was a one- and two-storey semi-timbered building of the late 15th or early 16th century, which stood immediately next to St Giles' church. The estate was bought by Sir Robert Howard from the Dukes of Norfolk in about 1680, with the intention of making it his principal seat, and he lost no time in building a new house on a new site in the grounds, though the old building was converted for use as a dairy and apparently not pulled down until the late 18th century.

The new house was seen by the diarist, John Evelyn, who visited in 1684. He was pleased by the 'newly built house, which stands in a very sweet park upon the down, the avenue south though downhill to the house'.  A portrait by Kneller of Lady Diana Fielding is said to have a view of Howard's house in the background, but I have not yet traced this picture, which was at Ashtead in 1872. It would appear that the house was externally a plain red brick building with stone dressings, but Evelyn records that the staircase hall was decorated by Verrio 'with the story of Astraea', and including a self-portrait of the artist and a portrait of his client. When the house was pulled down, the frescoed plaster from the staircase was broken up and spread on the fields of the estate as lime dressing.


Ashtead Park: drawing by John Hassall, n.d. [c.1800].
Image reproduced by permission of Surrey History Centre (ref. 4348/2/87/3).

The late 17th century house was rebuilt in 1790 as a seven-by-three-bay block, two-and-a-half storeys high, which was designed by Joseph Bonomi (1739-1808) for Richard Bagot Howard, but executed by Samuel Wyatt (1737-1807), who was something of a protégé of the Bagots. A plain, rather Soanian, stable block to the west to the west was built at the same time. The original appearance of the house is recorded in a watercolour by Hassall, which shows that it was considerable altered in the 1820s or 1830s, when much grander centrepieces were created on both the main fronts. Some components of the original interior decoration survive, including a fine Adam-style staircase with a pretty balustrade; the Old Library, with original bookcases and simple neo-classical plasterwork; and best of all, the circular Saloon, which has alternate niches and pairs of scagliola Doric columns around the room, and further pairs of columns framing the doorcases.


Ashtead Park: the house as altered c.1890, from an old postcard.
After Pantia Ralli bought the estate in 1889, it was again altered, with low wings being added to the east and west, and a new neo-Jacobean entrance hall and library being created. He was also responsible for the semicircular formal garden on the north front and the removal of the east garden. On his death in 1924 the estate was put up for sale in fifty-one lots. The main house and surrounding parkland to the south of the site was purchased by the Corporation of London for use as a boarding school, in which use it continues. The northern part of the park remains as open space owned by Mole Valley District Council.

Descent: Sir Robert Howard (1626-98), kt.; to son, Thomas Howard (d. 1701); to widow, Lady Diana Howard (d. 1733), later the wife of the Hon. William Fielding (d. 1723); to Henry Bowes Howard (d. 1757), 4th Earl of Berkshire and, from 1745, 11th Earl of Suffolk; to younger son, Hon. Thomas Howard (d. 1783); to niece, Frances Howard (1746-1818), wife of Richard Bagot (later Howard) (1733-1819); to daughter, Mary (1785-1877), wife of the Hon. Fulke Greville Upton (later Howard) (d. 1846); to cousin, Lt-Col. Ponsonby Bagot (1845-1921); who sold 1880 to Sir Thomas Lucas, 1st bt.; sold 1889 to Pantia Ralli (d. 1924); sold to City of London as a new home for the City of London Freemen's School.

Bagot of Blithfield, Barons Bagot


Bagot, Sir Ralph (d. c.1376). Son of Sir John Bagot (d. 1349) of Bagot's Bromley and his wife Eglina, daughter of [forename unknown] D'Oyly, born after 1329. He is thought to hav been the father of both King Richard II's 'evil counsellor', Sir William Bagot (d. 1407) and Sir John Bagot (c.1358-1437) (q.v.), and therefore probably married 1st, Joan [surname unknown] and 2nd, before 1357, Elizabeth, daughter and eventual heir of John or Richard de Blithfield, and had issue, perhaps among others:
(1.1) Sir William Bagot (d. 1407), born before 1354; an associate of the Earl of Warwick by 1375 and later of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster; he purchased extensive estates in Warwickshire and Cheshire in the early 1380s; knighted by March 1386; MP for Warwickshire, 1388-1402; High Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire, 1382-84; JP for Warwickshire, 1390, 1397-99 and for Shropshire, 1397-99; Keeper of Caernarvon Castle, 1389-96, Holt Castle (Denbighs.), 1397-98 and Wallingford Castle, 1399; Privy Councillor of King Richard II, and a member of the committee for governing England in the King's absence in 1399; committed to the Tower 22 November 1399, released in November 1400, and granted a pension by King Henry IV; married, by 1379, Margaret, sister and heir of Robert Whatton of Nottinghamshire, and had issue two daughters; died 10 September 1407 and was buried at Baginton (Warks), where he is commemorated by a monument.
(2.1) Sir John Bagot (c.1358-1437) (q.v.);
He inherited Bagot's Bromley from his father in 1349, when he was a minor. He inherited the manors of Blithfield and Littlehay (Staffs) in right of his second wife. He bequeathed his Staffordshire estates to his son by his second wife.
He died in about 1376. His first wife died before 1357. His second wife's date of death is unknown.

Bagot, Sir John (c.1358-1437), kt. Elder son of Ralph Bagot (d. c.1376) and his second wife Elizabeth, daughter and eventual heir of John or Richard de Blithfield, born after 1355. He was probably knighted at the coronation of King Richard II in 1377, and served as a knight in the service of John of Gaunt in Spain in 1386 and against the Percys in 1403. MP for Staffordshire, 1391, 1397-98, 1401, 1404, 1407, 1411 and 1421; High Sheriff of Staffordshire, 1413-14 and 1426; JP for Staffordshire, 1406-07, 1417-37; Escheator for Staffordshire, 1406-07. deputy Captain of Calais, 1408-09, and and Ambassador to treat with Burgundy, 1409-10. He was a member of the household of King Henry V by 1413, and fought with the king in France in 1415; it is unlikely he was at Agincourt, however, as he was part of the contingent left to guard Harfleur after it was captured in September 1415. He married, by c.1388, Beatrice, daughter of Sir Anketin Mallory, and had issue including:
(1) Richard Bagot (c.1388-1477) (q.v.);
(2) Marjory Bagot; married 1st, Henry Bradeburn of Hogh (Staffs) and had issue; married 2nd, as his second wife, John Davenport (1419-78) of Bramhall (Cheshire), and had further issue;
(3) Joan Bagot (d. 1506?); married John Curzon MP (1380-1456) of Kedleston Hall (Derbys), and had issue; said to have died 1506, but if so she must have been at a very advanced age;
(4) Elizabeth Bagot; married Henry Kniveton of Bradley (Derbys).
He inherited the Blithfield and Bagot's Bromley estates from his father in about 1376.
He died in 1437 and was buried in the Augustinian priory at Stafford. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Bagot, Richard (c.1388-1477). Only recorded son of Sir John Bagot (c.1358-1437), kt. and his wife Beatrice, daughter of Sir Anketin Mallory, born by 1388. High Sheriff of Staffordshire, 1451-52. He married [name unknown] and had issue:
(1) Richard Bagot (c.1415-85) (q.v.).
He inherited the Blithfield estate from his father in 1437.
He died between 1475 and 1478.

Bagot, Richard (c.1415-85). Only recorded son of Richard Bagot (c.1388-1477) and his wife, probably born about 1415. High Sheriff of Staffordshire, 1477-78. He fought for Henry Tudor at the Battle of Bosworth, 1485. He married Isabella (d. 1477), daughter of Sir Robert Aston of Tixall, and had issue:
(1) John Bagot (c.1436-90) (q.v.).
He inherited the Blithfield estate from his father between 1475 and 1478.
He was probably killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field, 22 August 1485. His wife died in 1477 and was buried at Blithfield.

Bagot, John (c.1436-90). Only recorded son of Richard Bagot (c.1415-85) and his wife Isabella, daughter of Sir Robert Aston of Tixall, born about 1436. As a young man he may have been a page in the household of the 2nd Duke of Buckingham. MP for Staffordshire, 1477. He married 1st, before 1461, Isabella (fl. 1468), daughter of John Curzon of Essex and widow of John Eyton, and 2nd, before 1472, Agnes Kniveton, and had issue:
(1.1) Sir Lewis Bagot (c.1461-1534) (q.v.);
(1.2) Matilda alias Maud Bagot; married, 1489 (agreement 11 June), Richard Arblaster (d. 1505) of Longdon, and had issue;
(1.3) Isabella Bagot; married William Dunholme, son of William Dunholme;
(1.4) Anne Bagot; married Robert Kniveton, son of John Kniveton;
(2.1) Alianora Bagot (d. 1547); married Robert Carwardine (1472-1547) of Maevesyn Ridware; buried at Maevesyn Ridware (Staffs), 19 September 1547.
He inherited the Blithfield estate from his father in 1485.
He died 24 June 1490. His first wife died between 1468 and 1472 and was buried at Blithfield. His second wife's date of death is unknown, but she was buried at Blithfield.

Bagot, Sir Lewis (c.1461-1534). Only recorded son of John Bagot (c.1436-90) and his first wife Isabella, daughter of John Curzon of Essex and widow of John Eyton, born about 1461. He was appointed to the household of King Henry VII in 1485. was a Knight of the Body, 1501-07, served in France in 1513 and was one of the knights present at the Field of the Cloth of Gold, 1520. High Sheriff of Staffordshire, 1507-08, 1520-21; JP for Staffordshire, 1508-20, 1531-34. According to one Internet source, he was MP for Staffordshire in 1513, but this cannot be verified. He was outlawed for debt at some point before 1502, but pardoned in that year. Knighted at the marriage of Prince Arthur and Catherine of Aragon, 1501. He married* 1st, 1475 (settlement 20 April), aged about 14, Lucy, daughter of John Kniveton of Underwood (Staffs); 2nd, c. 1480, Emma Kniveton, probably the sister of his first wife; 3rd, before 1503 and probably before 1500, Anne (d. 1514), daughter of Sir Nicholas Montgomery of Cubley (Derbys); 4th, c.1515, Margaret, daughter of Richard Vernon; and had issue (with six other children of his second marriage who died in infancy):
(2.1) John Bagot (d. 1512); married Helen, daughter of Sir Thomas Boteler of Bewsey (Lancs), but had no issue; died 27 November 1512 and was buried at Blithfield, where he and his wife are commemorated by a monument;
(2.2) Jane Bagot; married James Thirkeld of Callingwood, Tatenhill, (Staffs) and had issue;
(2.3) Eleanor Bagot (fl. 1507-23); married 1st, 1507, Thomas Meverell of Bold Hall (Staffs), and had issue one son; married 2nd, 1523, Robert Gresley;
(2.4) Elizabeth Bagot; married George East of Yardley (Worcs);
(2.5) Anne Bagot; married John Biddulph of Eccleshall (Staffs);
(3.1) Thomas Bagot (c.1500-41) (q.v.);
(3.2) Edward Bagot (d. 1585?), born before 1508; defendant in a suit in the Court of the Star Chamber, 1537; perhaps the man of this name buried at Blithfield, 22 February 1584/5;
(3.3) Stephen Bagot (fl. 1568); received a grant of the site of Hulton Abbey (Staffs) in 1539 but sold it in 1543; married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Joscelin and had issue one daughter; living in 1568;
(3.4) Geoffrey Bagot (fl. 1542);
(3.5) Maud Bagot (fl. 1534); unmarried in 1534;
(3.6) Anne Bagot (fl. 1534); unmarried in 1534;
(3.7) Alice Bagot (fl. 1534); married, by 1534, Thomas Arblaster (d. by 1568) (who m2, Margaret Martyn), of Lysways Hall and had issue four sons and three daughters;
(3.8) A daughter; married but died before 1534.
He inherited the Blithfield estate from his father in 1489.
He died 31 May 1534 and was buried in the chancel at Blithfield, where he and his first three wives are commemorated by a monument erected probably before 1514; an inquisition post mortem was held at Stafford, 15 September 1534; his will was proved at Lichfield, 5 July 1535. The dates of death of his first and second wives are unknown. His third wife died 4 September 1514 and was in fact buried at Patshull (Staffs), not at Blithfield. His widow's date of death is unknown.
* Some accounts say he had five wives, but I can only find evidence of four.

Bagot, Thomas (c.1500-41). Eldest surviving son of Sir Lewis Bagot (d. 1534), kt. and his third wife, Anna, daughter of Sir Nicholas Montgomery, born before 1504. He married Jane (d. 1557), daughter of Richard Astley of Patshull and had issue:
(1) Richard Bagot (c.1530-97) (q.v.);
(2) John Bagot (fl. 1541);
(3) Margaret Bagot (fl. 1541); married, 10 April 1554, Ralph Adderley (d. 1595) of Coton in Hanbury (Staffs) (who m2, married 2ndly Felice, dau. of Henry Milward of Doveridge (Derbys)), and had issue one son;
(4) Maud Bagot (fl. 1541).
He inherited the Blithfield estate from his father in 1534.
He died 13/14 May and was buried in the chancel at Blithfield, 15 May 1541; an inquisition post mortem was held at Stafford, 22 July 1542. His widow died 31 March 1557 and was buried at Blithfield.

Richard Bagot (c.1530-97)
Bagot, Richard (c.1530-97). Only recorded son of Thomas Bagot (d. 1541) and his wife Jane, daughter of Richard Astley, born about 1530. A ward of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1541, and of John Jenyns, a gentleman of the privy chamber, from 1542-51. He may have been educated at Cambridge. JP and DL for Staffordshire; High Sheriff of Staffordshire, 1569-70 and 1577-78. He was notably active in the enforcement of measures against Roman Catholics, and was commended by the Privy Council for the help which he had given the two keepers of Mary, Queen of Scots, during her imprisonment in Staffordshire in 1585 and 1586. In 1585 he was involved in a revival of glassmaking, of which there was a tradition on the Blithfield estate. He was researching the history of his family by 1576, and as a keen antiquary he was on good terms with Sampson Erdeswick, despite the latter's recusancy. A contract was prepared in 1537 for his marriage as a child to Frances (c.1536-1601), daughter of Sir Edward Aston of Tixall, but the marriage never took place, and he married instead, Mary (d. 1608), daughter of William Saunders of Welford (Northants) and had issue:
(1) Margaret Bagot (b. 1553), born 11 January 1552/3; married by 13 June 1587, William Trew (fl. 1599) of Chartley (Staffs); living in 1599;
(2) Thomas Bagot (b. & d. 1554), baptised at Blithfield, 6 February 1553/4; died in infancy and was buried at Blithfield, 23 April 1554;
(3) Anne Bagot (1555-1619), born 11 May 1555 and baptised at Blithfield the following day; married, 30 July 1577 at Blithfield, Richard Broughton (1542-1604), barrister-at-law and a judge in Wales, and a servant of the Earl of Essex, and had issue one son and one daughter; died 30 August 1619 and was buried at Bishops Castle (Shropshire);
(4) Walter Bagot (1557-1623) (q.v.);
(5) Anthony Bagot (1558-1622), baptised 20 November 1558; educated at Merton College, Oxford (matriculated 1577); a member of the household of Robert, Earl of Essex, with whom he served in France in 1591; pardoned by Queen Elizabeth after the Earl's rebellion in 1601; married Katherine (d. 1620), daughter and heir of Michael Lowe of Tamhorn (Staffs) and had issue one daughter; buried at Blithfield, 21 June 1622;
(6) Dorothy Bagot (1562-1628), baptised at Blithfield, 16 May 1562; married, 1 August 1587 at Blithfield, Ralph Okeover (d. 1597), son of Rowland Okeover of Okeover Hall (Staffs), but had no issue; buried at Uttoxeter (Staffs), 20 March 1627/8;
(7) Lettice Bagot (1573-1632), baptised at Blithfield, 28 October 1573; married, 26 October 1601 at Blithfield, Francis Kynnersley (d. 1634) of Loxley and had issue; buried at Uttoxeter (Staffs), 3 January 1632/3.
He inherited the Blithfield estate from his father in 1541, and was probably responsible for completing the courtyard layout of the house and reconstructing the hall.
He died 2 February 1596/7 and was buried at Blithfield, where he and his wife are commemorated by a tomb; an inquisition post mortem was held 13 August 1597. His widow was buried 22 March 1608.


Walter Bagot, 1557-1623
Bagot, Walter (1557-1623). Eldest surviving son of Richard Bagot (c.1530-97) and his wife Mary, daughter of William Saunders of Welford (Northants), born 24 October 1557. Educated at Merton College, Oxford (matriculated 1587). MP for Tamworth, 1586. JP for Staffordshire, 1597-1623 and DL for Staffordshire, c.1603-23. High Sheriff of Staffordshire, 1599-1600 and 1603-04. In 1607 he was involved in an attempt to revive the glassmaking industry in Staffordshire, but this was brought to an end by a ban on using wood in the industry in 1615. He married, by June 1584, Elizabeth (d. 1638), daughter of Roger Cave of Stanford (Northants) and his wife Elizabeth, the sister of Lord Burghley, and had issue, with two other children of whom nothing is known except their names, and who presumably died young:
(1) Lewis Bagot (1587-1611), born 19 April 1587 and baptised at Blithfield the following day; educated at Exeter College, Oxford (matriculated 1602) and Inner Temple (admitted 1603); died unmarried, 8 June, and was buried at St Andrew, Holborn (Middx), 10 June 1611;
(2) Anne Bagot (1589-c.1636), baptised at Checkley, 7 September 1589; married at Blithfield, 8 February 1608/9, Thomas Lane (1586-1660) of Bentley (Staffs) (who m2, Miss Eardley) and had issue four sons and five daughters; died before February 1636;
(3) Sir Hervey Bagot (1591-1660), 1st bt. (q.v.);

(4) Richard Bagot (1592-1666), born at Checkley, 11 October 1592; died unmarried, 31 December 1666;
(5) Thomas Bagot (1595-97), born at Checkley, 15 December 1595; died in infancy and was buried at Blithfield, 12 March 1596/7;
(6) Frances Bagot (b. 1597), born 9 November 1597 and baptised at Blithfield the following day; married, 26 October 1608, aged ten, Thomas Broughton (d. 1648) of Broughton (Staffs); living in 1680;
(7) John Bagot (d. 1599); died in infancy and was buried at Blithfield, 23 April 1599;
(8) William Bagot (b. 1605), born 29 April and baptised at Blithfield, 9 May 1605; educated at Trinity College, Oxford (matriculated 1619; MA by diploma, 1636) and Inner Temple (admitted 1623); married Mary, daughter of Thomas Hughes; living in 1648;
(9) Lettice Bagot (1606-39), born 25 November and baptised at Blithfield, 30 November 1606; married, c.1625, Sir William Owen (c.1584-1663), kt., of Condover Hall (Shropshire) and had issue two sons and four daughters; buried at Condover, 11 April 1639;
(10) Mary Bagot (b. 1608), born 2 April and baptised at Blithfield, 10 April 1608; married John Cotes (d. c.1647) of Woodcote (Shropshire) and had issue one son and five daughters; living in 1636 but predeceased her husband.
He inherited the Blithfield estate from his father in 1597. After his death, Blithfield was occupied by his widow until her death in 1638.
He died 16 March 1622/3 and was buried the following day at Blithfield, where he is commemorated by a monument; his will was proved 16 May 1623. His widow died 2 December and was buried at Blithfield, 3 December 1638, where she is also commemorated on a monument; her will was proved 13 February 1638/9.


Sir Hervey Bagot, 1st bt.
Bagot, Sir Hervey (1591-1660), 1st bt. Eldest son of Walter Bagot (1557-1623) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Roger Cave of Stanford (Northants), born at Checkley (Staffs), 8 February 1590/1. Educated at Trinity College, Oxford (matriculated 1608), where he lived ‘studiously’ and ‘carryeth himself virtuously, and is very religiously addicted’. JP for Staffordshire, 1623-43, 1660 and DL for Staffordshire, 1633-40, 1660; High Sheriff of Staffordshire, 1626-27 and King's sheriff for the county, 1642-43; an officer in the Staffordshire militia (Capt., 1625). He was created a baronet, 31 May 1627. MP for Staffordshire, 1628-29, 1641-42, when he was among those debarred from Parliament as Royalists; he sat in the Royalist parliament at Oxford, 1644-46. His estates were sequestrated in 1643 (although his wife recovered possession of Field House for £70 the following year) and he was allowed to compound for his delinquency in 1647 on payment of a fine of £1,340 (reduced to £1,004 on appeal in 1649). At the time of the Royalist rising in Cheshire in 1659 he was arrested and imprisoned, but released on bail of £2,000. He married 1st, in or before 1616, Katherine (1595-1622), daughter of Humphrey Adderley of Weddington (Warks) and 2nd, c.1625, Anne (c.1570-1656), daughter of Sir Clement Fisher of Packington (Warks) and widow of Sir Thomas Dilke (d. 1613) of Maxstoke (Warks), and had issue:
(1.1) John Bagot (1614-15), born 19 March and baptised at Blithfield, 26 March 1614; died in infancy, 26 January 1614/5 and was buried at Blithfield the following day;
(1.2) Sir Edward Bagot (1616-73), 2nd bt. (q.v.);
(1.3) Col. Hervey Bagot (1617-74) [for whom see Bagot of Pype Hayes Hall below];
(1.4) Richard Bagot (1618-45), born at Trescote Grange, 30 November 1618; a soldier in the Royalist cause; appointed Governor of Lichfield for the King, 1643; mortally wounded while commanding a regiment of horse at the Battle of Naseby, 14 June 1645; died from his wounds, 1 July 1645 and was buried in Lichfield Cathedral, where he is commemorated by a monument;
(1.5) Walter Bagot (1620-23), born at Field House, 15 September 1620; died young and was buried at Leigh, 16 January 1622/3;
(1.6) Elizabeth Bagot (1623-1712), born at Field House, 9 January 1622/3; married John Scrimshire (d. by 1664) of Norbury (Derbys), and had issue; died 5 November 1712 and was buried at Ladbroke (Warks).
He inherited the Blithfield estate from his father in 1597 and came of age in 1611. He lived, however, at Trescote Grange, Wolverhampton until about 1620 and thereafter at Field Hall, Leigh (Staffs), where he rebuilt or remodelled the house. During the Civil War he appears to have lived in the close at Lichfield.
He died at Field Hall, Leigh, 27 December 1660, and was buried at Blithfield, 31 December 1660, where he and his wives are commemorated by a monument. His first wife died 16 February 1622 and was buried at Blithfield. His second wife died 9 May 1656 and was buried at Blithfield.

Bagot, Sir Edward (1616-73), 2nd bt. Eldest son of Sir Hervey Bagot (1591-1660), 1st bt. and his first wife, Katherine, daughter of Humphrey Adderley of Weddington (Warks), born at Trescote Grange (Staffs), 23 May 1616. Educated at Trinity College, Oxford (matriculated 1634/5) and Middle Temple (admitted 1635). He seems to have taken no active part in the Civil War (unlike his father and brothers), but at the Restoration became MP for Staffordshire, 1660, possibly because he seems to have been a good friend of Lord Clarendon. JP for Staffordshire, 1656-57, 1660-73; DL for Staffordshire, 1662-73. He succeeded his father as 2nd baronet, 27 December 1660. He married, 9 May 1641 at Buckingham, Mary (d. 1686), daughter and heir of William Lampard, bailiff of Buckingham, and widow of John Crawley of Someries Castle, Luton (Beds), and had issue, in addition to a stillborn son and three further daughters of whom nothing is known except their names, and who presumably died young:
(1) Hervey Bagot (b. 1642), born 19 February and baptised at Blithfield, 27 February 1641/2; probably died young;
(2) Anne Bagot (1643-71), born 14 March and baptised 2 April 1643; married, 14 September 1658 at Blithfield, Walter Chetwynd (1633-93) of Ingestre (Staffs), but had no issue; died 6 September 1671;
(3) Edward Bagot (1644-58), born 18 March and baptised 3 April 1644; buried at Blithfield, 1658 [no day or month given];
(4) Sir Walter Bagot (1645-1705), 3rd bt. (q.v.);
(5) Mary Bagot (1646-92), born 6 April 1646; married, 21 December 1665 at Blithfield, Sir Richard Newdigate MP (1644-1710) (who m2, 2 May 1704, Henrietta (d. 1739), daughter of Thomas Wiggington of Ham (Surrey)), of Arbury Hall (Warks) and Harefield (Middx), and had issue two sons and seven daughters; died 14 September and was buried at Harefield, 19 September 1692, where she is commemorated by a monument;
(6) Lambard Bagot (1649-1703), born 2 August 1649; educated at Trinity College, Oxford (matriculated 1667/8) and Middle Temple (admitted 1669); lived at Maids Moreton (Bucks); died unmarried, 3 January 1702/3 and was buried at Blithfield, where he is commemorated by a monument; by his will he provided for the erection of an almshouse for six aged men at Abbots Bromley (Staffs), which is dated 1705;
(7) Richard Bagot (1651-66), born April 1651; died young, and was buried at Blithfield, 31 December 1666;
(8) Lewis Bagot (b. 1652), born 22 June 1652; a merchant at Aleppo (Syria); died there, after returning from a trip to Jerusalem;
(9) Capt. William Bagot (1654-99), born 26 February 1653/4; educated at Christ Church (matriculated 1674) and Middle Temple (admitted 1676); lived at Colton (Staffs); Captain of a troop of horse he raised at Lichfield 18 June 1685, which was incorporated in Lord Arran's regiment in November 1687; he died 6 November, and was buried at Blithfield 8 November 1699;
(10) John Bagot (1655-62), born 8 May 1655; died young and was buried at Blithfield, 31 July 1662;
(11) Francis Bagot; died young;
(12) twin, Hervey Bagot (1658-61), baptised at Blithfield, 12 May 1658; died young and was buried at Blithfield, 13 February 1660/1;
(13) twin, Edward Bagot (b. 1658), baptised at Blithfield, 12 May 1658; died young;
(14) Charles Bagot (1661-1724), born 17 January and baptised at Blithfield, 19 January 1660/1; died unmarried, 30 March and buried at Blithfield, 6 April 1724; will proved 2 June 1724.
His father not wishing to leave Field House, he moved into Blithfield on his grandmother's death in 1638. He inherited the estate from his father in 1660. Through his marriage he acquired property in Buckinghamshire, which was sold to relieve the debts the family had incurred through the Civil War.
He died 30 March 1673 and was buried at Blithfield, where he was commemorated by a monument partially removed in 1823. His widow died at Arbury (Warks), 22 October and was buried at Blithfield, 26 October 1686, where she is also commemorated on a monument; her will was proved 9 July 1687.

Bagot, Sir Walter (1645-1705), 3rd bt. Third, but eldest surviving, son of Sir Edward Bagot (1616-73), 2nd bt., and his wife Mary, daughter and heir of William Lampard and widow of John Crawley, born 21 March 1644/5. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1662) and Middle Temple (admitted 1666). He succeeded his father as 3rd baronet, 30 March 1673. MP for Staffordshire, 1678-81, 1685-87, 1689-90 and 1693-95. He was a 'noble promoter' of Plot's Natural History of Staffordshire, 1686, to which he subscribed a plate of Blithfield Hall. He suffered increasingly from periodic bouts of severe ill-health, which affected his ability to attend Parliament and to perform his local administrative duties. JP and DL for Staffordshire, 1677-88, 1688-1703. He married, 25 June 1670, Jane (c.1650-95), daughter and sole heir of Charles Salusbury of Bachymbyd (Denbighs.) and Iland Lloyd (Flints), and had issue:
(1) Salusbury Bagot (1671-73), born 18 November and baptised at Blithfield, 20 November 1671; died in infancy, 29 October and was buried at Blithfield, 31 October 1673;
(2) Mary Bagot (1672-1729), born 2 December and baptised at Blithfield, 10 December 1672; married, 25 February 1692/3 at Blithfield, Sir George Parker MP (c.1673-1726), 2nd bt., of Ratton (Sussex), and had issue three sons and four daughters; died 14 May 1729 and was buried at Willingdon (Sussex), where she and her husband are commemorated by a monument;
(3) Sir Edward Bagot (1674-1712), 4th bt. (q.v.);
(4) Elizabeth Bagot (1675-1749), baptised at Blithfield, 17 March 1674/5; married, 7 June 1739 at Blithfield, as his second wife, Henry Paget (1663-1743), 8th Baron Paget and 1st Earl of Uxbridge, but had no issue; died 2 September 1749 and was buried at Hillingdon (Middx), where she is commemorated by a monument; her will was proved 4 April 1750;
(5) Jane Bagot (1676-1752), baptised at Blithfield, 30 September 1676; married, 12 October 1695, Maurice Jones (1672-1702) of Llanrhaeadr (Denbighs.), but had no issue; she erected a colossal monument in Llanrhaeadr church to the memory of her husband, and in 1729 built the surviving almshouses near the church; her will was proved 5 August 1752;
(6) Frances Bagot (1677-97), born 9 August and baptised at Blithfield, 17 August 1677; died unmarried, 1697;
(7) Walter Bagot (1678-98), born 10 October and baptised at Blithfield, 20 October 1678; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1695) and Middle Temple (admitted 1696); died unmarried and was buried at Blithfield, 15 December 1698;
(8) Anne Bagot (1680-1767), born 11 February and baptised at Blithfield, 11 March 1679/80; married at Blithfield, 25 September 1705, George Shakerley (1682-1756) of Gwersyllt (Denbighs,) and had issue four sons and one daughter who survived to maturity; died at Gwersyllt, 30 July 1767; will proved 5 August 1767;
(9) Charles Bagot (1681-1738), baptised at Blithfield, 5 November 1681; undertook a Grand Tour in Italy in 1704, visiting Rome, Florence, Leghorn and Venice; Tory MP for Staffordshire, 1712-13; in 1714 he was elected to the mock corporation of Cheadle, indicating Jacobite leanings; lived at Hanbury (Staffs); died in London, 28 April and was buried at Blithfield, 5 May 1738; will proved 29 April 1738, by which he left substantial legacies to his sisters and the residue of his estate to the 5th baronet;
(10) William Bagot (1687-1733), born at Field Hall, 14 January and baptised at Blithfield 20 January 1686/7; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1705); lived at Hollybush (Staffs); died 13 December and was buried at Blithfield, 17 December 1733.
He inherited the Blithfield estate from his father in 1673 and the Bachymbyd/Pool Park estate (Denbighs.) in right of his wife. He had to undertake a spirited defence of his title to the latter in Chancery in the mid-1670s. 
He died 15 February 1704/5 and was buried under the altar of Blithfield church, in which he and his wife are commemorated by a monument; his will was proved October 1705. His wife died 20 July 1695 and was buried under the altar at Blithfield.

Bagot, Sir Edward (1674-1712), 4th bt. Eldest surviving son of Sir Walter Bagot (1645-1705), 3rd bt., and his wife Jane, daughter and sole heir of Charles Salusbury of Bachymbyd (Denbighs.), born 20 January and baptised at Blithfield, 28 January 1673/4. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1691) and Middle Temple (admitted 1692/3). JP and DL for Staffordshire by 1703. Tory MP for Staffordshire, 1698-1708. Deputy Ranger of Needwood Forest. He succeeded his father as 4th baronet, 15 February 1704/5. From about 1706 onwards he suffered increasingly from gout, and it was probably this illness which occasioned his retirement from Parliament. He married, 15 April 1697, Frances (d. 1714), daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Wagstaffe of Tachbrook (Warks), and had issue:
(1) Frances Bagot (1698-1749), baptised at Blithfield, 28 April 1698; married, 15 February 1718/9 at Blithfield, Sir John Chester MP (1693-1748), 6th bt., of Chicheley Hall (Bucks), and had issue two sons and one daughter; died in London, 17 February and was buried at Chicheley, 21 February 1748/9; will proved 19 July 1749;
(2) Hervey Bagot (b. & d. 1699), baptised at Blithfield, 17 September 1699; died in infancy, 18 November 1699 and was buried at Blithfield the following day;
(3) Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot (1702-68), 5th bt. (q.v.);
(4) Jane Bagot (b. 1703), baptised at Blithfield, 7 October 1703; married, 25 July 1734 at Blithfield, Craven Kynnersley (1710-35) of Loxley (Staffs), who died in a shooting accident in the park at Loxley, and had no issue; lived latterly in the Cathedral close at Lichfield; will proved 12 November 1747.
He inherited the Blithfield and Pool Park estates from his father in 1704, and may have made improvements to the gardens to the designs of London & Wise after 1705.
He was buried at Blithfield, 8 May 1712; his will was proved 27 June 1712. His widow married 2nd, her cousin, Adolphus Oughton (later 1st bt.) and was buried at Blithfield, 20 May 1714; administration of her goods was granted, 24 July 1714.


Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot, 5th bt.
Bagot, Sir Walter Wagstaffe (1702-68), 5th bt. Only surviving son of Sir Edward Bagot (1674-1712), 4th bt., and his wife Frances, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Wagstaffe of Tachbrook (Warks), born 23 August 1702 and baptised at Blithfield. Orphaned in 1714, after which his Trustees fought an ultimately successful battle to recover his mother's dower lands from her second husband. Educated at Isleworth and Colney Hatch schools (Middx) and Magdalen College, Oxford (matriculated 1720; LLD by diploma, 1737). He succeeded his father as 5th baronet, May 1712. He was a Tory and a Jacobite in politics, and served as MP for Newcastle-under-Lyme, 1724-27, for Staffordshire, 1727-54, and Oxford University, 1762-68. A Trustee of the Radcliffe Library, Oxford, 1737 and the Foundling Hospital, London, 1739. His surviving correspondence at Magdalen College gives an impression of the range of his artistic, intellectual and political interests, and in the context of his building works it is interesting that he purchased a copy of Gibbs' Book of Architecture as soon as it came out in 1728. He married, 27 July 1724, Lady Barbara Legge (d. 1765), eldest daughter of William Legge, 1st Earl of Dartmouth, and had issue:
(1) Barbara Bagot (1725-97), born 29 March and baptised at Blithfield, 15 April 1725; married, 1749, Ralph Sneyd (1723-93) of Keele Hall (Staffs) and had issue; died 23 February 1797 and was buried at Wolstanton but commemorated by a monument at Keele;
(2) Edward Bagot (b. & d. 1726), baptised at Blithfield 25 January 1725/6; died in infancy and was buried there, 28 January 1725/6;
(3) Anne Bagot (1727-1812), born 28 February and baptised at Blithfield, 12 March 1726/7; died unmarried in London, 30 December 1812, and was buried at Blithfield, 13 January 1813;
(4) Sir William Bagot (1729-98), 6th bt. & 1st Baron Bagot (q.v.);
(5) Charles Bagot (later Chester) (1730-93), born 1 September and baptised at Blithfield, 20 September 1730; educated at Westminster School; a wine merchant in Oporto (Portugal) until he inherited the estate of his cousin, Sir Charles Bagot Chester, 7th bt. at Chicheley (Bucks) in 1755, whereupon he took the name of Chester in lieu of Bagot by Act of Parliament; a friend of the poet Cowper, who frequently visited him at Chicheley; married, 3 October 1765 at St George, Hanover Sq., London, Catherine (1741-1819), daughter of Hon. Heneage Legge, and had issue including five sons and four daughters who survived to maturity; died at Chicheley Hall, 2 April 1793 and was buried at Chicheley, 8 April 1793; will proved 23 May 1793;
(6) Rev. Walter Bagot (1731-1806) [for whom see Bagot of Pype Hall below];
(7) Frances Bagot (1732-35), born 3 November and baptised at Blithfield, 19 November 1732; died young and was buried at Blithfield, 23 October 1735;
(8) Richard Bagot (later Howard) (1733-1819) [for whom see Bagot and Howard of Ashtead Park below];
(9) Jane Bagot (1735-1816), born 29 September and baptised at Blithfield, 14 October 1735; died unmarried and was buried at Blithfield, 3 December 1816; administration of goods (with will annexed) granted 13 December 1816;
(10) John Bagot (1737-40), baptised at Blithfield, 6 February 1736/7; died young and was buried at Blithfield, 26 June 1740;
(11) Elizabeth Bagot (1738-1821), born 17 September and baptised at Blithfield, 2 October 1738; died unmarried and was buried at Blithfield, 7 August 1821; will proved in the PCC, 25 August 1821;
(12) Mary Bagot (1739-1813), born 23 November and baptised at Blithfield, 14 December 1739; married, 26 June 1764 at Blithfield, Rowland Wingfield (1728-1818) of Preston Brockhurst (Shropshire); died at Whitehall, Shrewsbury, 21 March 1813;
(13) Rt. Rev. Lewis Bagot (1741-1802), born 1 January and baptised at Blithfield, 15 January 1740/1; educated at Westminster and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1757; BA 1760; MA 1764; DCL 1772). Ordained deacon, 1765, and priest, 1766; rector of Jevington and Rye, co. Sussex; Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, 1764-83 (Dean, 1777-83), where he encouraged the employment of James and Samuel Wyatt to build Canterbury Quad and promoted their careers at every opportunity; Bishop of Bristol, 1782-83, Norwich, 1783-90 and St. Asaph 1790-1802 (where he employed James Wyatt to design a new bishop's palace); married, 7 October 1771 at St Margaret, Westminster (Middx), Mary (c.1753-99), daughter of Hon. Edward Hay, Governor of Barbados, but had no issue; died in London, 4 June 1802; will proved 10 June 1802;
(14) Catherine Bagot (1742-1812), born 25 February and baptised at Blithfield, 14 March 1741/2; died unmarried in London, 26 February, and was buried at Blithfield, 6 March 1812;
(15) Harriott Bagot (1744-1825), born 4 February and baptised at Blithfield, 24 February 1743/4; died unmarried, 26 January 1825;
(16) Thomas Bagot (1746-73), born 14 February and baptised at Blithfield, 5 March 1745/6; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1763) and Lincolns Inn (admitted 1766; called to bar); barrister-at-law; travelled to Italy for his health, 1772-73, but died in Naples early in 1773.
He inherited the Blithfield and Pool Park estates from his father in 1712 and came of age in 1723. He was responsible for the remodelling of the north front in c.1738-45.
He died 20 January 1768 and was buried at Blithfield, 27 January 1768; his will was proved 27 February 1768. His wife died 29 October and was buried at Blithfield, 5 November 1765.


Sir William Bagot, 6th bt. & 1st Baron Bagot
Bagot, Sir William (1729-98), 6th bt. & 1st Baron Bagot. Eldest son of Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot (1702-68), 5th bt., and his wife Lady Barbara Legge, eldest daughter of 1st Earl of Dartmouth, born 28 February and baptised at Blithfield, 16 March 1728/9. Educated at Magdalen College, Oxford (matriculated 1747; appointed MA 1749 and DCL, 1754). Undertook a Grand Tour in 1750-52, spending a year in France and then visiting Rome, Siena, Perugia and Florence, under the guidance of the Rev. Thomas Townson, rector of Blithfield; in Rome he became one of the sponsors of Lord Charlemont's Academy for British artists, and he bought a number of pictures, including a Guercino. Back in England, he became a regular patron of artistic talent, lending Josiah Wedgwood art objects to copy and probably sponsoring James Wyatt's visit to Italy with his brother Richard in 1762-63. Tory MP for Staffordshire, 1754-80. He succeeded his father as 6th baronet, 28 January 1768, and was raised to the peerage as 1st Baron Bagot of Bagot's Bromley, 17 October 1780. He was a friend of Thomas Anson of Shugborough. He married, 20 August 1760 at Wroxton (Oxon), Hon. Elizabeth Louisa (c.1740-1820), daughter of John St. John (c.1695-1749), 2nd Viscount St. John, and had issue:
(1) Edward Bagot (1763-73), born 23 January and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., London, 20 February 1763; educated at Westminster; died young of scarlet fever, and was buried at Blithfield, 8 June 1773;
(2) Hon. Louisa Bagot (1764-1834), born 30 September and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., London, 24 October 1764; married, 9 May 1786, her cousin, Lt-Col. Walter Sneyd (1752-1829) of Keele Hall (Staffs), who was for thirteen years captain of the King's bodyguard at Windsor Castle, eldest son of Ralph Sneyd, and had issue two sons and six daughters; died at Cheverells (Herts), 7 May 1834;
(3) Walter Bagot (1766-73), born 28 March and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., London, 2 April 1766; died young of scarlet fever, and was buried at Blithfield, 11 June 1773;
(4) Barbara Bagot (1768-73), born 1 September and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., London, 25 September 1768; died young of scarlet fever, and was buried at Blithfield, 11 June 1773;
(5) William Bagot (1773-1856), 2nd Baron Bagot (q.v.);
(6) Hon. Hervey Bagot (1777-87), born 14 March 1777; died young and was buried at Chiswick (Middx), 2 June 1787;
(7) Hon. Henrietta Bagot (1780-97), born 14 February and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., London, 11 March 1780; died unmarried, 13 January, and was buried at Blithfield, 16 January 1797;
(8) Hon. & Rt. Hon. Sir Charles Bagot (1781-1843), born 23 September 1781; educated at Rugby, Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1797; BA 1801; MA 1804) and Lincolns Inn (admitted 1801 but did not proceed to the bar); MP for Castle Rising, 1807-08; Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs, 1808-09; a close friend of Canning, he was sent as Minister to France, 1814; Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States of America, 1815-19; HM Ambassador at St Petersburg, 1820-24 and The Hague, 1824-31; but after the Conservatives lost power was only head of a special embassy to Austria, 1835 until they regained it in 1841 and he was appointed Governor-General of Canada, 1841-43; sworn of the Privy Council, 1815 and appointed GCB, 1820; married, 22 July 1806 at St George, Hanover Sq., London, Mary Charlotte Anne (c.1785-1845), eldest daughter of William Wellesley-Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington, and had issue four sons and six daughters; died at Kingston, Ontario (Canada) a few weeks after relinquishing office, 19 May 1843; his body was returned to England and buried at Blithfield, 27 June 1843; his will was proved in the PCC, 26 July 1843;
(9) Rt. Rev. & Hon. Richard Bagot (1782-1854) (q.v.);
(10) Hon. Frances Bagot (1785-1806), born 9 November and baptised at Blithfield, 30 November 1785; married, 22 May 1805 at St George, Hanover Sq., London, as his first wife, Gen. the Hon. Sir Edward Paget GCB (1775-1849), Governor of Chelsea Hospital, fourth son of Henry Bayly (later Paget), 9th Baron Paget and 1st Earl of Uxbridge, and had issue one son; died 30 May and was buried at Blithfield, 19 June 1806.
He inherited the Blithfield and Pool Park estates from his father in 1768. At Blithfield, he was responsible for building the orangery and remodelling the south-west corner of the house in 1769.
He died 22 October and was buried at Blithfield, 2 November 1798; his will was proved 15 November 1798. His widow died 4 February and was buried at Blithfield, 11 February 1820; her will was proved 22 March 1820.


William Bagot, 2nd Baron Bagot
Bagot, William (1773-1856), 2nd Baron Bagot. Eldest son of Sir William Bagot (1729-98), 6th bt. and 1st Baron Bagot, and his wife Elizabeth Louisa, daughter of 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke & St. John, born in London, 11 September and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., London, 7 October 1773. Educated at Westminster and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1791; Hon. DCL 1834). He took an active interest in agriculture, natural history, and archaeology, and was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and of the Linnean, Horticultural and Zoological Societies. In 1824 he published Memorials of the Bagot family. He succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Bagot, 22 October 1798. He was a Tory, but did not take an active part in politics. He married 1st, 30 May 1799 in Mayfair Chapel, Hon. Emily Fitzroy (1770-1800), fourth daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton; and 2nd, 17 February 1807 at St James, Piccadilly, Westminster (Middx), Lady Louisa Legge (1787-1816), eldest daughter of George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, and had issue:
(1.1) Louisa Barbara Bagot, born 19 April and baptised at St George, Hanover Sq., London, 27 May 1800; died in infancy and was buried at Blithfield, 4 January 1801;
(2.1) Hon. Louisa Frances Bagot (1808-29), born 1 March and baptised at Blithfield, 11 March 1808; died unmarried after a short illness, 17 February, and was buried at Blithfield, 25 February 1829;
(2.2) Hon. Agnes Bagot (1809-85), born 10 August and baptised 16 August 1809; married, 8 January 1828 at Blithfield, John Newton Lane (1800-69) of Kings Bromley Manor (Staffs) and had issue one son and three daughters; died 4 November 1885 and was buried at Kings Bromley, 7 November 1885; will proved 2 January 1886 (effects £481);
(2.3) William Bagot (1811-87), 3rd Baron Bagot (q.v.);
(2.4) Rev. & Hon. Hervey Charles Bagot (1812-79), born 17 December 1812; educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1831; BA 1834; MA 1836); ordained deacon, 1836 and priest, 1837; Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, 1837; Rector of Blithfield, 1846-79; married, 16 July 1873 at Bridport (Dorset), Frances Mary (1829-1902), daughter of Thomas Dicken of Barton-under-Needwood (Staffs), farmer, but had no issue; died 3 January and was buried at Blithfield, 7 January 1879; will proved 28 January 1879 (effects under £14,000);
(2.5) Hon. Eleanor Bagot (1814-96), born 31 August 1814; died unmarried, 5 April 1896;
(2.6) Hon. Alfred Walter Bagot (1816-91), born 4 April 1816; died unmarried, 19 June 1891.
He inherited the Blithfield and Pool Park estates from his father in 1798, and remodelled Blithfield and rebuilt Pool Park to the designs of John Buckler, c.1818-29.
He died 12 February and was buried at Blithfield, 20 February 1856; his will was proved, 15 February 1857. His first wife died of consumption at Christchurch (Hants), 8 June 1800, and was buried at Blithfield, 24 June 1800. His second wife died of typhus fever at Pool Park (Denbighs.), 13 August 1816 and was buried at Blithfield, 21 August 1816.


William Bagot, 3rd Baron Bagot
Bagot, William (1811-87), 3rd Baron Bagot. Only son of William Bagot (1773-1856), 2nd Baron Bagot, and his second wife, Lady Louisa Legge, eldest daughter of the 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, born 27 March and baptised at Blithfield, 14 May 1811. Educated at Charterhouse, Eton and Magdalene College, Cambridge (matriculated 1828), and travelled to Rome, 1832 and Vienna, 1838. An officer of Staffordshire Yeomanry (Capt., 1827; Maj., 1848; Lt-Col., 1851; Col., 1854). Conservative MP for Denbighshire, 1835-52. JP and DL for Staffordshire and Derbyshire. He succeeded his father as 3rd Baron Bagot, 12 February 1856, and was a Lord in Waiting (Government Whip in the House of Lords), 1866-68, 1874-80. A Gentleman of the Bedchamber to HRH the Prince Consort, 1858-59. Chairman of the Meynell Hunt, 1873-87. He married, 13 August 1851 at St James, Piccadilly, Westminster (Middx), the Hon. Lucia Caroline Elizabeth (1827-95), daughter of George James Welbore Agar-Ellis, 1st Baron Dover and sister of Henry Agar-Ellis, 3rd Viscount Clifden, and had issue:
(1) Georgina Agnes Bagot (1852-74), born at Dover House, Whitehall, London, 22 May 1852; married, 4 February 1873, Charles Wightwick Finch (1851-1924), 8th Earl of Aylesford (who m2., 16 April 1879 at St Peter, Eaton Sq., London, Ella Victoria, youngest daughter of John Ross of Benena, and widow of Captain James Wingfield Linton of Hemingford (Hunts)), but had no issue; died 12 April 1874;
(2) Louisa Bagot (1853-1942), born 22 July and baptised 21 August 1853; married 1st, 22 February 1879 at the Chapel Royal, Savoy Palace, London, Hamar Alfred Bass MP (1842-98) of Byrkley Lodge and Needwood House (Staffs), son of Michael Thomas Bass, and brother of Michael Arthur Bass, 1st bt. and 1st Baron Burton, and had issue one son (later 2nd bt.) and one daughter; married 2nd, 28 November 1901, Rev. Bernard Day Douglas Shaw (1856-1922), vicar of The Annunciation, Bryanston St., London W1, but had no issue; died as the result of an accident, 18 May 1942; administration of her goods (with will annexed) was granted 16 November 1942 (estate £17,232);
(3) Constance Mary Bagot (1855-98), born 19 April and baptised at Blithfield, 20 May 1855; died unmarried in London, 1 February and was buried at Blithfield, 4 February 1898; will proved 19 February 1898 (effects £3,979);
(4) William Bagot (1857-1932), 4th Baron Bagot (q.v.);
(5) Katherine Jane Bagot (1859-1952), born 7 January and baptised at Blithfield, 20 February 1859; married, 17 September 1898 at St George, Hanover Square, London, Col. David Murray Smythe (1850-1928) of Methven Castle (Perths.), eldest son of William Smythe of Methven Castle, and had issue one daughter; died 13 January 1952 at Moulin Almond (Perths.), aged 93;
(6) Elizabeth Sophia Lucia Bagot (1861-1940), born 30 July and baptised at Blithfield, 1 September 1861; Dame of Grace of the Order of St John of Jerusalem; married, 13 October 1888 at St Paul, Knightsbridge (London), Sir Francis Alexander Newdigate (from 1902 Newdigate-Newdegate) GCMG (1862-1936) of Arbury Hall (Warks) and Harefield (Middx), son of Francis William Newdigate of Allesley Park (Warks), and had issue two daughters; died 29 December 1940; will proved 27 May 1941 (estate £8,365);
(7) Walter Lewis Bagot (1864-1927), born 22 April and baptised at Blithfield, 22 May 1864; educated at Eton and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; an officer in the Grenadier Guards (Cadet, 1883; Lt., 1884; Capt., 1894; Maj. by 1901; retired, 1902); ADC to Governor of South Australia, 1891; served in Nile expedition, 1898 (wounded), Boer War, 1900-02 (mentioned in despatches; DSO); returned to regiment in First World War but served as Director in Ministry of Munitions; after the war he returned to South Africa where he became general manager of the Victoria Falls & Transvaal Power Co. and Chairman of the Rand Mines Power Supply Co.; married, 6 February 1892 (sep. c.1900), Margaret Jane Caroline (1856-1941), daughter of Hon. Frederick Cadogan and had issue one son (killed in action in 1916) and one daughter (who died unmarried); died 26 May 1927.
He inherited the Blithfield and Pool Park estates from his father in 1856. He appears to have lived at Pool Park from some years while he was MP for Denbighshire, but it was later let.
He died suddenly from a chill, 19 January, and was buried at Blithfield, 22 January 1887; his will was proved 31 May 1887 (effects £13,745). His widow died at Nervi (Italy), 22 January and was buried at Blithfield, 20 February 1895; her will was proved 12 February 1895 (effects £9,418).

Bagot, William (1857-1932), 4th Baron Bagot. Elder son of William Bagot (1811-87), 3rd Baron Bagot, and his wife, the Hon. Lucia Caroline Elizabeth Agar-Robartes, born 19 January and baptised at Blithfield, 26 February 1857. Educated at Eton. An officer in the Staffordshire Yeomanry (Sub-Lt., 1875; Lt., 1876; Capt., 1879; Maj., 1890; Lt-Col., 1899) and Staffordshire Rifle Volunteers (Capt.); ADC to Governor-General of Canada, 1879-84. Gentleman Usher of the Privy Chamber, 1885-87. He succeeded his father as 4th Baron Bagot, 19 January 1887.  A Lord in Waiting (Government Whip in House of Lords), 1896-1901. JP for Derbyshire and Staffordshire and DL for Staffordshire. Chairman of the Meynell Hunt, 1897-c.1905. He married, 25 July 1903 at Brompton Oratory (sep. c.1905), Lilian Marie (1863-1958), daughter of Henry May of Maryland (USA), and had issue:
(1) Barbara Bagot (b. 1905), born 1 January 1905; married, 1 June 1934 in New Hampshire (USA) (div. 1945), Oscar Crosby Sewall (1901-78), son of Oscar Trufant Sewall of Bath, Maine (USA), and had issue one son; date of death unknown.
He inherited the Blithfield and Pool Park estates from his father in 1887. He sold the greater part of his estate in North Wales in 1928. At his death, the title and Staffordshire estate passed to his second cousin, Gerald William Bagot (1866-1946), 5th Baron Bagot.
He died 23 December 1932; his will was proved 4 March and 5 April 1933 (estate £113,105). Although separated he was never divorced from his wife as she was a Roman Catholic; she lived subsequently in Hove (Sussex) with a companion, and died 21 February 1958 aged 94; her will was proved 24 June 1958 (estate £11,912).


Rt. Rev. & Hon. Richard Bagot
Bagot, Rt. Rev. & Hon. Richard (1782-1854). Third son of Sir William Bagot (1728-98), 6th bt. and 1st Baron Bagot, and his wife Elizabeth Louisa, daughter of 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke & St. John, born at Daventry (Northants), 22 November 1782. Educated at Rugby and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1799; BA 1803); Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, 1803-06 (MA 1806); awarded Lambeth DD by diploma, 1829. Ordained deacon and priest, 1806. Rector of Leigh (Staffs) 1806-30 and Blithfield 1807-30; prebendary of Lichfield Cathedral, 1812-28; canon of Worcester Cathedral, 1817-25; Dean of Canterbury Cathedral, 1827-45; Bishop of Oxford, 1829-45 and of Bath & Wells, 1845-54. He was of a modest, retiring and nervous disposition, and was only persuaded to accept the diocese of Oxford by being told that 'it would give him no trouble'. However, the rise of the Oxford movement during his tenure exposed him to just the sort of limelight he found intolerable. As a moderate high churchman himself, he was sympathetic to much of the Tractarian agenda, but after the publication of 'Tract 90' he came under increasing pressure to rein in the Tractarians. He found the controversy 'an ever-present source of inward misery', and increasingly poor mental health saw him exchange Oxford for the quieter waters of the diocese of Bath & Wells. Having completed the exchange he had a complete mental breakdown, and the diocese had to be administered on his behalf for some years by the Bishop of Gloucester & Bristol. He recovered, only to be involved in a further controversy with one of his own Archdeacons in 1853-54. He married, 22 December 1806, Lady Harriet (1788-1870), daughter of George Bussy Villiers, 4th Earl of Jersey, and had issue:
(1) Maj-Gen. Edward Richard Bagot (1808-74) [for whom see below, Bagot and Howard of Ashtead Park];
(2) Villiers Bagot (1809-10), born 22 June and baptised 8 July 1809; died in infancy and was buried at Blithfield, 20 November 1810;
(3) Adm. Henry Bagot (1810-77) (q.v.);
(4) Rev. Charles Walter Bagot (1812-84) (q.v.);
(5) Rev. Lewis Francis Bagot (1813-70), born 18 July and baptised at Blithfield, 3 November 1813; educated at Westminster and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1830; BA 1834; MA 1837); Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, 1836-46?; ordained deacon, 1836 and priest, 1837; vicar of Sibbertoft (Northants), 1837-39; rector of Castle Rising (Norfk), 1839-46 and of Leigh (Staffs), 1846-70; Rural Dean of Uttoxeter, 1846-70; married, 13 June 1848 at Wotton (Surrey), Catherine (1817-91), daughter of the Rev. & Hon. John Evelyn Boscawen, but had no issue; died at Coton (Staffs), 13 or 14 August 1870; will proved 23 September 1870 (effects under £4,000);
(6) Harriet Frances Bagot (1815-81), baptised at Blithfield, 3 August 1815; married, 18 July 1837 at St. George, Hanover Sq., London, Rev. Lord Charles Thynne (1813-94), rector of Longbridge & Kingston Deverill (Wilts) and Canon of Canterbury Cathedral, who later converted to Rome and from 1886 became a Roman Catholic priest, seventh son of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath, and had issue one daughter; died 5 January 1881;
(7) George Bagot (1818-67), born 5 May 1818; an officer in the Infantry (Ensign; Lt., 1837; Capt., 1845; Brevet Major, 1849; retired 1854); seconded to the household of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (ADC, 1846-51; Comptroller 1852-55; Chamberlain 1855-64; Gentleman at Large, 1864; Gentleman of the Bedchamber, 1864-66; Gentleman at Large, 1866; retired, 1866); married, 17 June 1861 at the Chapel Royal, Dublin, Mary Eleanor Frances (d. 1869) (who m2, 30 April 1868 at the British Embassy in Paris, Thomas Astell St. Quinton of Hatley Park (Cambs) and had issue), daughter of John Cavendish Browne, 3rd Baron Kilmaine, but had no issue; died at Moorcroft House, Uxbridge (Middx), 8 May 1867; administration of goods granted 6 August 1867 (effects under £1,000);
(8) Frances Caroline Bagot (1819-40), baptised privately, 23 November 1819; died unmarried at Castle Rising, 19 October 1840;
(9) Richard Bagot (1821-40), baptised 9 February 1821; died unmarried, 6 January and was buried at Croydon (Surrey), 14 January 1840;
(10) Rev. Frederic Bagot (1822-92), born 23 January 1822; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (BA 1844); Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford 1844-59 (BCL, 1848; DCL, 1853). Ordained deacon, 1844 and priest, 1845; rector of Rodney Stoke (Somerset), 1846-59 and of Harpsden (Oxon), 1859-92; prebendary of Wells Cathedral, 1851-92; registrar of the diocese of Oxford 1884-92; married, 29 October 1862 at Great Berkhamsted (Herts), Charlotte Anne Philippina (c.1835-1925), only daughter of Brice Pearse of Ashlyns, Great Berkhampsted (Herts) and had issue three sons and one daughter; died 1 January 1892; will proved 13 February 1892 (effects £5,866);
(11) Emily Mary Bagot (1823-53), born 24 September and baptised at Blithfield, 24 October 1823; married, 25 June 1850, Rev. & Hon. George Thomas Orlando Bridgeman (1823-95), rector of Wigan (Lancs), second son of George Augustus Frederick Henry Bridgeman, 2nd Earl of Bradford, and had issue two sons and one daughter; died 13 December 1853;
(12) Mary Isobel Bagot (1825-1900), born 28 April and baptised at Blithfield, 12 June 1825; married 1st, 25 July 1843, William Henry Dawnay (1812-57), 7th Viscount Downe, and had issue eight sons and two daughters; married 2nd, 6 June 1863, Sidney Leveson Lane (1831-1910) of Baldersby Park (Yorks), and had further issue one son and two daughters; died 14 April 1900.
He died in Brighton 'from a complication of disorders', 15 May, and was buried at Blithfield, 23 May 1854. His widow died 18 October, and was buried at Blithfield, 24 October 1870; her will was proved 26 November 1870 (effects under £12,000).

Bagot, Admiral Henry (1810-77). Third, but second surviving, son of Rt. Rev. Richard Bagot (1782-1854) and his wife, Lady Harriet Villiers, daughter of 4th Earl of Jersey, born 12 July and baptised at Blithfield, 16 September 1810. An officer in the Royal Navy from 1823-63 (Lt., 1832; Cdr., 1838; Capt., 1845; Rear-Adm., 1863; Vice-Adm., 1870; Adm., 1877), he fought at the Battle of Navarino, 1827 (medal). He was seconded from the Navy to serve as secretary to his uncle, Sir Charles Bagot, while he was Governor-General of Canada, 1841-43. JP for Staffordshire. He married 1st, 17 November 1846 at Blithfield, his first cousin, Wilhelmina Frederica (1826-52), daughter of the Rt. Hon. Sir Charles Bagot GCB, and 2nd, 9 February 1858 at Radbourne, Eleanor (c.1824-86), daughter of Edward Sacheverell Chandos-Pole of Radbourne Hall (Derbys), and had issue:
(1.1) Arthur Greville Bagot (1849-1915), born 29 September 1849; educated at Royal Military College, Sandhurst; an officer in the 60th Foot (Ensign, 1867; Lt., 1870; Adjutant, 1874; retired 1875); in 1877 he was co-respondent in a divorce case brought by a brother officer, and was ordered to pay £2,000 damages for adultery; a freemason from 1877; in 1878-80 he was involved in a scheme to develop a coffee and sugar plantation in Guatemala, which failed and resulted in a legal case against his partner, which he lost; inherited part of the Fisherwick and Elford estate, 1879; director of the London Ships Stores Co., 1882; bankrupt, 1886; in the late 1880s he was involved in producing plays in London, but he was again in debt in 1910; married 1st, 5 February 1878 at St George, Hanover Square, London, Mary Isabella (d. 1905), daughter of Henry Scott, and had issue two sons (of whom one died in infancy and the other unmarried); died 7 June 1915; administration of goods granted 26 August 1915 (estate £121);
(2.1) Florence Eleanor Bagot (1859-1940), born 15 February 1859; married, 2 March 1886 at Newara Eliya (Sri Lanka) (div. c.1906), her cousin Charles Frederick Heneage Bagot [see below], and had issue; died 26 September 1940;
(2.2) Harry Richard Reginald Bagot (1860-1908), born 15 August 1860; married, 25 March 1890, his cousin, Frances Anna Mary (1869-1915) [for whom see below, Bagot of Pype Hayes], only child of William Walter Bagot of Pype Hayes Hall, and had issue one daughter; died 17 July 1908;
(2.3) Mabel Harriett Bagot (1863-72), born at Netherseal Old Hall, 27 November 1863 and baptised at Netherseal, 4 February 1864; died young, 7 or 8 May 1872 at Brocton Lodge (Staffs);
(2.4) Claud Leveson Bagot (1865-1930), born at Netherseal Old Hall, 9 April and baptised at Netherseal, 28 May 1865; lived as a lodger at Stanford-in-the-Vale (Berks); died unmarried at a private mental institution in Fairford (Glos), 6 March 1930; administration of goods granted, 1 April 1930 (estate £59);
(2.5) Gerald William Bagot (1866-1946), 5th Baron Bagot (q.v.);
(2.6) Agnes Mary Bagot (1867-1944), born at Brocton Lodge, 9 September and baptised at Baswich (Staffs), 27 October 1867; died unmarried, 12 August 1944; will proved 5 October 1944 (estate £1,089).
He died at Brewood Hall (Staffs), 30 November and was buried at Blithfield, 6 December 1877; his will was proved 3 January 1878 (effects under £16,000). His first wife died 15 April 1852. His widow died 25 November 1886; her will was proved 26 January 1887 (effects £7,330).

Bagot, Gerald William (1866-1946), 5th Baron Bagot. Third son of Adm. Henry Bagot (1810-77) and his second wife, Eleanor, daughter of Edward Sacheverell Chandos-Pole of Radbourne Hall (Derbys), born 13 May and baptised at Radbourne, 17 June 1866. Educated at Haileybury. Apprenticed in the merchant navy, 1882-86. As a young man he spent many years in South America, training polo ponies, but when he succeeeded his second cousin as 5th Baron Bagot, 23 December 1932, he was training racehorses outside Paris. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Blithfield Hall estate from his second cousin, the 4th Baron, in 1932. He lived in one wing of the house, while the rest of it became very dilapidated. In 1945 he sold the house and estate to the South Staffordshire Water Company and sold most of the contents of the house.
He died 5 April 1946 and was buried at Blithfield; his will was proved 1 November and 3 December 1946 (estate £128,374).

Bagot, Rev. Charles Walter (1812-84). Fourth, but third surviving son of Rt. Rev. Richard Bagot (1782-1854) and his wife, Lady Harriet, daughter of George Bussy Villiers, 4th Earl of Jersey, born at Blithfield, 11 February 1812. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1830; BA 1834) and All Souls College, Oxford (MA 1842); Ordained deacon and priest by his father, 1835. Fellow of All Souls College, 1842-46; rector of Castle Rising and Roydon (Norfk), 1846-84; Chancellor of the Diocese of Bath & Wells, 1851-84 and Registrar of the Diocese of Oxford by 1854. He married, 18 February 1846, Mary (d. 1899), second daughter of Lt-Gen. John Chester, and had issue:
(1) Rev. Lewis Richard Charles Bagot (1846-1922) (q.v.);
(2) Ernest Alfred John Bagot (1848-1901), born 30 March and baptised at Castle Rising, 23 April 1848; clerk in the Foreign Office; married, 15 February 1879 at St Peter, Eaton Sq., London, Ethel Julia (1857-1941), second daughter of Rev. Charles Thornton Hildyard, but had no issue; died at Bexhill-on-Sea (Sussex) 14 August 1901 and was buried at Ashtead (Surrey); will proved 2 October 1901 (effects £1,482);
(3) Constance Mary Bagot (1849-1909), born 25 November and baptised at Castle Rising, 27 December 1849; married, 22 December 1885 at the Brompton Oratory, as his first wife, Sir (William) Algernon Cajetan Law KCMG CB (1856-1943), diplomat, youngest son of Rev. & Hon. William Towry Law, vicar of Harborne (Staffs), and had issue one son; died 11 February 1909; will proved 29 April 1909 (estate £403);
(4) Walter Wagstaffe Bagot (1852-82), born 25 March and baptised at Castle Rising, 11 April 1852; an officer in the Royal Navy (Lt.); died unmarried at Ryde (IoW), 16 March and was buried at Ashtead, 22 March 1882;
(5) Adela Sophia Harriet Bagot (1854-1921), born 27 January and baptised at Castle Rising, 26 February 1854; married, 1 June 1876 at St Mark, North Audley St., London, Rt. Hon. Edmond Robert Wodehouse MP PC (1835-1914) of Minley Grange (Hants), barrister and politician, but had no issue; died 25 April 1921; will proved 6 June 1921 (estate £56,216);
(6) Mildred Emily Barbara Bagot (1856-1935), born 25 April and baptised at Castle Rising, 25 May 1935; married, 13 June 1882, Cdr. Charles Elphinstone Fleming Cunninghame Graham Bontine RN (d. 1917), younger son of William Cunninghame Graham Bontine of Gartmore (Perths.) and Ardoch (Dumbartons.), and had issue one son and one daughter; died 15 November 1935;
(7) Charles Frederick Heneage Bagot (1858-1939), born 25 January and baptised at Castle Rising, 24 February 1858; educated at Marlborough and Haileybury; tea planter in Sri Lanka; married 1st, 2 March 1886 at Newara Eliya (Sri Lanka) (div. c.1906), his cousin Florence Eleanor (1859-1940), eldest daughter of Adm. Henry Bagot, and had issue two sons (successively the 7th and 8th Barons Bagot) and one daughter; he married 2nd, 17 July 1909 in Essex, Alice Lorina (1881-1975), daughter of Thomas Farr, and had further issue one son (who succeeded as 9th Baron Bagot in 1979, and from whom descends the current Baron); he died 2 June 1939; will proved 13 July 1939 (estate £16,497);
(8) Hugh Villiers Bagot (1860-1919), born 14 July and baptised at Castle Rising, 5 August 1860; an officer in 3rd Battn, Norfolk Regiment (Lt.); tea planter in Sri Lanka; freemason from 1901; was unmarried, but had issue by Dissanayake Mudiyanselage, one daughter; died 8 February 1919; administration of goods (with will annexed) granted, 6 June 1919 (estate £39,228).
He died 10 September 1884; his will was proved 31 October 1884 (effects £3,102). His widow lived at Hampton Court Palace and died 15 April 1899; her will was proved 16 May 1899 (effects £1,578).

Bagot, Rev. Lewis Richard Charles (1846-1922). Eldest son of Rev. Charles Walter Bagot (1812-84) and his wife Mary, second daughter of Lt-Gen. John Chester, born 2 December 1846. Educated at Wadham College, Oxford (matriculated 1866; BA 1869; MA 1873). Ordained deacon, 1870 and priest, 1871. Rector of East Bradenham (Norfolk), 1872-79; vicar of Stanton Lacy (Shropshire), 1879-1922. He married, 10 July 1872 at Gisleham (Suffolk), Coelia Cator (1849-1927), fourth daughter of Rev. Henry Jodrell, rector of Gisleham, and had issue:
(1) Ysolde Cecily Bagot (1873-1964), born 28 November 1873 and baptised at East Bradenham, 6 January 1874; married, 12 October 1899 in Newara Eliya (Sri Lanka), Bertram Gordon Snell (d. 1952), son of Col. Francis William Snell, but had no issue; lived latterly at Landscore House, Teignmouth (Devon); died 12 October 1964, aged 90; will proved 11 May 1965 (estate £1,146);
(2) Caryl Ernest Bagot (1877-1961), 6th Baron Bagot (q.v.);
(3) Gladys Mary Beatrice Bagot (1880-1944), born 27 August 1880; married, 18 January 1905, Frank Herbert Leake (1880-1949), son of Edward Leake of Castle Sq., Ludlow (Shrops.) and had issue two daughters; died 2 August 1944; administration (with will annexed) granted to her husband, 12 December 1944 (estate £1,240);
(4) Enid Avice Bagot (1883-1972) (q.v.).
He died 13 February 1922; his will was proved 21 April 1922 (estate £8,137). His widow died 10 January 1927; her will was proved 19 March 1927 (estate £1,754).


Caryl, 6th Baron Bagot
Bagot, Caryl Ernest (1877-1961), 6th Baron Bagot. Only son of Rev. Lewis Richard Charles Bagot (1846-1922) and his wife Celia Cator, fourth daughter of Rev. Henry Jodrell of Gisleham (Suffk), born 9 March 1877. Served in First World War as an officer in the Irish Guards (Lt.). He succeeded his first cousin, once removed, as 6th Baron, 5 April 1946. He married 1st, 6 February 1911, Margaret (d. 1937), daughter of James MacMenemy, and 2nd, 1 March 1940 Nancy Constance (1919-2014), daughter of Francis Aldborough Spicer of Sydney (Australia). He had no issue, but with his second wife adopted:
(A1) Caryl Rosemary Bagot (b. 1960), born 7 December 1960.
He lived in London until he persuaded the Bagot Will Trustees to repurchase Blithfield Hall and 300 acres of the estate from the South Staffordshire Water Co. in 1946, and with his second wife, restored the house. In 1961 his wife bought the property from the 3rd Baron's Will Trust, and in 1999 she made it over to a new trust, of which her husband's great-nephew, Charles Bagot Jewitt, is the chief beneficiary.
He died 5 August and was buried at Blithfield, 11 August 1961; his will was proved 9 August 1962. His widow married 2nd, 14 September 1965 (div. 1972), George Kenneth Whitehead, son of Percy Kay Whitehead of Greenbank, Bury (Lancs), but later resumed the name 'Nancy Lady Bagot' by deed poll; she died 27 February 2014, aged 94.

Bagot, Enid Avice (1883-1972). Third daughter of Rev. Lewis Richard Charles Bagot (1846-1922) and his wife Celia Cator, fourth daughter of Rev. Henry Jodrell of Gisleham (Suffk), born 10 November 1883. She married, 18 September 1905, Capt. Reuben James Charles Jewitt (1884-1958), son of James Joseph Jewitt of Bedford Lodge, Newmarket (Cambs), and had issue:
(1) Dermod James Boris Jewitt (1908-98) (q.v.).
She died 28 November 1972. Her husband died 5 November 1958.

Jewitt, Cdr. Dermod James Boris (1908-98). Only child of Capt. Reuben James Charles Jewitt (d. 1958) and his wife Enid Avice, daughter of Rev. Lewis Richard Charles Bagot, born at Ludlow (Shrops.), 13 October 1908. An officer in the Royal Navy, 1922-45 (2nd Lt., 1929; Lt., 1931; Lt-Cdr., 1939; Commander, 1944), who served in the Second World War (mentioned in despatches, 1940; DSC, 1945). He married 1st, 1 March 1941 (div. 1951) Pamela Mary (b. 1920), daughter of Furse Fairfax Vidal Scrutton, and 2nd, 19 September 1960, Emma Jane (b. 1929), daughter of Reginald Martin Vick OBE TD MCh FRCS, and had issue:
(1.1) Sarah Mary Jewitt (b. 1943), born 20 October 1943; married, 16 July 1966, Lt. James Nigel Best (b. 1942) RM, son of Capt. J.E. Best of Periton House, Minehead (Somerset) and had issue one son;
(1.2) Penelope Anne Jewitt (b. 1946), born 20 July 1946; married, 1 April 1967, Peter Allanson-Bailey (1941-2012), son of Maj. T.A. Allanson-Bailey of Oare Manor, Brendon (Devon) and had issue one daughter;
(2.1) Cdr. Charles James Bagot Jewitt (b. 1965) (q.v.).
He died 2 December 1998, aged 90; his will was proved 22 April 1999. His first wife married 2nd, Jan-Mar 1955, Cyril Wolrich Passy (1917-71). His widow is now living.

Bagot Jewitt, Cdr. Charles James (b. 1965). Only son of Cdr. Dermod James Boris Jewitt and his second wife, Emma Jane, daughter of Reginald Martin Vick OBE MCh FRCS, born 7 December 1965. Educated at Haileybury, Exeter University (BA 1987) and Cranfield University (MSc, 2001). An officer in the Royal Navy, 1984-2005 (Commander); Chief Executive of National Memorial Arboretum, 2006-13; Eastern Area Officer, Marine Society & Sea Cadets, 2013-date. DL for Staffordshire. He married, August 1997, Philippa 'Cosy' L.M. Watkinson and had issue:
(1) Emma Charlotte Bagot Jewitt (b. 1999), born 3 July 1999;
(2) Sophie Catherine Bagot Jewitt (b. 2001), born 16 July 2001.
In 1999 Nancy, Lady Bagot (his great-uncle's widow) established a trust to take ownership of Blithfield Hall, of which he was the first chief beneficiary.
Now living. His wife is now living.


Bagot of Pype Hayes Hall



Bagot, Col. Hervey (1617-74). Second son of Sir Hervey Bagot (1591-1660), 1st bt., and his first wife, Katherine, daughter of Humphrey Aldersley of Weddington (Warks), born at Trescote Grange, Wolverhampton (Staffs), 15 June and baptised at Penn (Staffs), 26 June 1617. Educated at Trinity College, Oxford (matriculated 1634/5) and Middle Temple (admitted 1637). Colonel in the Royalist Army and second in command of Lichfield garrison until it surrendered in 1646. Gentleman Pensioner to King Charles II. MP for Stafford, 1660. He married 1st, 1643, Dorothy (1617-49), daughter of Robert Arden of Pipe Hall and Berwood, and 2nd, 13 July 1652 at St Michael Paternoster Royal, London, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Rotheram of Someries Castle, Luton (Beds), and had issue including:
(1.1) Mary* alias Elizabeth* Bagot (1645-79), baptised at Castle Bromwich, 26 March 1645; one of the 'Windsor Beauties' painted by Lely; married 1st, 18 December 1664, Charles Berkeley (1630-65), 1st Earl of Falmouth, and 2nd, June 1674, Charles Sackville (1638-1706), 6th Earl of Dorset and 1st Earl of Middlesex, but had no issue; died in childbirth, 12 September 1679 and was buried at Withyham (Sussex);
(1.2) Arden Bagot (1647-96) (q.v.);
(1.3) Lt-Col. Richard Bagot (1649-c.1714), born September 1649; an officer in the army (Ensign, 1665/6; Lt., 1667; Capt. 1672; Maj. 1683; Lt-Col., 1688); will dated 1714;
(2.1) A daughter; said to have lived and died unmarried at Cannock (Staffs), probably in her father's lifetime.
He acquired the Pype Hayes estate from the Arden family through his first marriage in 1643.
He was buried at Castle Bromwich, 20 March 1673/4; administration (with will annexed) of his goods granted to his widow, 10 June 1674. His first wife died in September 1649. His widow died 13 July 1685 and was buried at Cannock (Staffs), where she is commemorated by a monument.
* Her father's will mentions only a daughter Elizabeth, by which he appears to refer to her rather than her unmarried half-sister.

Bagot, Arden (1647-96). Son of Col. Hervey Bagot (1617-74) and his wife Dorothy, daughter of Robert Arden of Berwood, born 9 August 1647. An officer in Col. Lane's regiment of foot (Capt. by 1667) and in Horse Guards (Ensign, 1668; Cornet 1673). He married, 1678 (settlement 27 May), Mary (1659-1740), daughter of Sir Thomas Leigh, kt. of Hamstall Ridware (Staffs), and had issue:
(1) Thomas Arden Bagot (1687-1729) (q.v.);
(2) William Arden Bagot; died in infancy.
He inherited Pype Hayes Hall from his father in 1673, but is said to have lived at Yarnton (Oxon)?
He died 5 August, and was buried at Aston-juxta-Birmingham, 9 August 1696. His widow married 2nd, Robert Biddulph, and died 1740.

Bagot, Thomas Arden (1687-1729), Son of Arden Bagot and his wife Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Leigh of Hamstall Ridware, born 10 January 1686/7 and baptised at Aston. Educated at Trinity College, Oxford (matriculated 1705). He married, 1711 (settlement 2 August), Honora (1685-1720), daughter and heir of Sir William Egerton KB of Worsley (Lancs), and had issue:
(1) Egerton Bagot (1713-75) (q.v.);
(2) Arden Bagot; died young;
(3) A daughter; died young.
He inherited Pype Hayes Hall from his father in 1696. He lived at Worsley (Lancs).
He died at Ripon, 11 June 1729 and was buried in the Cathedral there. His wife died in London, 11 August and was buried at Aston, 29 August 1720.

Bagot, Egerton (1713-75). Son of Thomas Arden Bagot (1687-1729) and his wife Honora, daughter and heir of Sir William Egerton of Worsley (Lancs), baptised at Eccles (Lancs), 20 October 1713. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1731). High Sheriff of Warwickshire, 1767-68. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited Pype Hayes Hall from his father in 1729.
He died 13 April, and was buried at Aston, 20 April 1775, where he is commemorated by a tablet erected by 'his friend, relative, and heir, Walter Bagot'; his will was proved 19 February 1776.

Bagot, Rev. Walter (1731-1806). Third son of Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot (1702-68), 5th bt., and his wife, Lady Barbara Legge, eldest daughter of 1st Earl of Dartmouth, born 2 November 1731. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1750; BA 1754; MA 1757). Rector of Blythfield and Leigh. JP for Staffordshire. A friend of William Cowper. He married 1st, 7 September 1773 at Blithfield, Ann (d. 1786), daughter of William Swinnerton, and 2nd, 28 April 1789 at Blithfield, Mary (c.1768-1846), daughter of [forename unknown] Ward, and had issue:
(1.1) Ann Bagot (1774-1847), born 12 June and baptised at Blithfield, 28 June 1774; was unmarried and lived in the close at Lichfield; she kept a diary, 1819-41, which survives only as a transcript, but which records her active social life up to the point at which she suffered a severe stroke; died unmarried, 29 April 1847 and is commemorated by a memorial plaque in Lichfield Cathedral; will proved 21 May 1847;
(1.2) Honora Bagot (1775-1863), baptised at Blithfield, 21 June 1775; married, 15 December 1795, Hon. & Rev. Augustus Legge (1773-1828), rector of Wonston (Hants), 1797-1828, Archdeacon of Winchester, 1814-19 and Vicar-General of Winchester, 1819-28, son of William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth, and had issue three sons and three daughters; died at Bramdean (Hants), 2 October 1863; will proved 13 November 1863 (effects under £14,000);
(1.3) Rev. Egerton Arden Bagot (1777-1860) (q.v.);
(1.4) Walter Bagot (1778-1800), baptised at Blithfield, 9 March 1778; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1797); was unmarried and without issue when accidentally drowned while sailing on the River Avon at Warwick; buried at Bishop's Tachbrook (Warks), 10 January 1800, where he is commemorated by a monument;
(1.5) Elizabeth Bagot (1780-1859), born 25 May and baptised at Blithfield, 9 June 1780; married, 19 March 1807 at Little Missenden (Bucks), Prof. Joseph Phillimore FRS (1775-1855) of Shiplake Court (Oxon), MP for St Mawes, 1817-26 and Yarmouth (IoW), 1826-30, Regius Professor of Civil Law at Oxford, 1809-55, eldest son of Rev. Joseph Phillimore of Kensington (Middx), and had issue seven sons and two daughters; died 5 March 1859 and was buried at Shiplake; will proved 24 March 1859 (effects under £2,000);
(1.6) William Bagot (1781-1844), baptised at Blithfield, 27 September 1781; married, 28 December 1820 at Trentham (Staffs), Martha (1794-1838), daughter of Thomas Swinnerton, but had no issue; lived latterly at Langley House, Abbots Langley, and died there, 7 February 1844;
(1.7) Richard Bagot (1782-83), baptised at Blithfield, 7 September 1782; died in infancy and was buried at Blithfield, 22 June 1783;
(1.8) Louisa Frances Bagot (1785-1864), born 17 February and baptised at Blithfield, 7 March 1785; married, 16 January 1804 at Blithfield, Rev. Richard Levett (1772-1843) of Milford Hall (Staffs) and had issue one son and one daughter; died in London, 1 March and was buried at Baswich (Staffs), 8 March 1864; she and her husband are commemorated by a monument at Walton-on-the-Hill (Staffs); will proved 1 June 1864 (effects under £4,000);
(2.1) Mary Bagot (1790-1863), baptised at Blithfield, 25 February 1790; died unmarried in London, 5 June 1863; buried at Kensal Green Cemetery, 12 June 1863; will proved 26 November 1863 (effects under £3,000);
(2.2) Cmdr. Hervey Bagot RN  (1791-1816), baptised at Blithfield, 24 August 1791; an officer in the Royal Navy (Lt., 1812; Commander, 1815); died 18 January 1816;
(2.3) Humphrey Bagot (1793-1815), baptised at Blithfield, 9 May 1793; an officer in 19th Native Bengal Infantry (Cadet, 1809; arrived in India, 1810; Ensign, 1811; Lt., 1814); killed in action at Malown (India), fighting the Gurkhas, 15 April 1815; commemorated by a monument in St John's church, Calcutta (India);
(2.4) Caroline Bagot (1795-1886), baptised at Blithfield, 7 May 1795; married, 19 August 1828 at Walthamstow (Essex), Edmund Robert Daniell (1793-1854) FRS of Meriden Hall (Warks), barrister-at-law, legal writer (author of Daniell's Chancery Practice, 1854), and a Commissioner in Bankruptcy, and had issue one son and one daughter; lived latterly with her clergyman son in Dorset; died 5 February 1886, aged 90; administration of goods granted 22 March 1886 (effects under £400);
(2.5) Rev. Ralph Bagot (1797-1866) (q.v.);
(2.6) Charlotte Bagot (1800-65), baptised at Blithfield, 18 August 1800; married, 5 May 1830, Rev. William Somerville (1789-1857), son of Lt-Col. Hugh Somerville, and had issue one son (later 19th Baron Somerville); died 24 October 1865;
(2.7) Jane Margaret (1802-89), baptised at Blithfield, 3 June 1802; married, 5 September 1826 at Walthamstow (Essex), Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Vaughan Williams  (1798-1875), judge of Common Pleas, son of John Williams, serjeant-at-law, and had issue; died 24 September 1889;
(2.8) Agnes Bagot (1804-80), baptised at Blithfield, 28 August 1804; married, 12 October 1826 at Walthamstow (Essex), John Farquhar Fraser (1788-1865), and had issue two sons and six daughters; died 26 May 1880; her will proved 17 June 1880 (effects under £5,000).
He inherited Pype Hayes Hall from his kinsman, Egerton Bagot, in 1775.
He died 10 July and was buried at Blithfield, 13 July 1806. His first wife was buried at Blithfield, 18 February 1786. His widow died 22 July 1846; her will was proved 13 August 1846.

Bagot, Rev. Egerton Arden (1777-1861). Eldest son of Rev. Walter Bagot (1731-1806) of Pype Hayes Hall and his first wife, Ann, daughter of William Swinnerton, born 3 January 1777. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1796; BA 1800; MA 1803). Ordained deacon, 1801 and priest, 1802, but seems never to have been beneficed. He married, 22 October 1822 at Weston-under-Lizard (Staffs), Elizabeth Isabella (d. 1824), eldest daughter of the Hon. and Rev. George Bridgeman, but had no issue.
He inherited Pype Hayes Hall from his father in 1806. At his death it passed to his nephew, William Walter Bagot.
He died 4 February and was buried at Erdington, 9 February 1861; he is commemorated by a tablet in Aston-juxta-Birmingham parish church; his will was proved 27 March 1861 (effects under £120,000). His wife died 17 November 1824.

Bagot, Rev. Ralph (1797-1866). Younger son of Rev. Walter Bagot (1731-1806) of Pype Hayes Hall and his first wife, Ann, daughter of William Swinnerton, baptised at Blithfield, 22 March 1797. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1815), Peterhouse, Cambridge (matriculated 1817; LLB 1822). Ordained deacon, 1822 and priest, 1823. Curate of Niton (IoW), 1822-24, Wolstanton (Staffs), 1824-35, Grendon (Warks), 1843-49 and Ettington (Warks), 1850-52, but remained unbeneficed thereafter. He married, 3 September 1845 at Tunstall (Staffs), Mary Adams, daughter of William Sneyd of Bradwell Hall (Staffs), and had issue:
(1) William Walter Bagot (1847-93) (q.v.).
He died 20 July and was buried at Erdington, 27 July 1866; his will was proved 21 August 1866 (effects under £9,000). His wife's date of death is unknown.

Bagot, William Walter (1847-93). Only child of Rev. Ralph Bagot (c.1796-1866) and his wife, born 21 January and baptised at Ettington (Warks), 24 January 1847. He was a keen amateur cricketer, maintained a cricket ground at Pype Hayes and fielded a strong playing eleven. He married, 4 February 1868 at the British Embassy in Florence (Italy), Lucy Matilda (1847-96), fourth daughter of Rev. Robert Loftus Tottenham, chaplain to the British embassy in Florence, and had issue:
(1) Frances Anna Mary Bagot (1869-1915) (q.v.).
He inherited Pype Hayes Hall from his uncle in 1860 and came of age in 1868. He sold a large part of the estate for the creation of a sewage works and bequeathed the remainder to his widow and then to his daughter.
He died 23 January 1893; his will was proved 14 December 1893 (effects £1,224). His widow died 16 November 1895; her will was proved 7 February 1896 (effects £1,958).

Bagot, Frances Anna Mary (1869-1915). Only child of William Walter Bagot (1847-93) and his wife Lucy Matilda, fourth daughter of Rev. Robert Loftus Tottenham, baptised at Erdington, 13 February 1869. She married 1st, 25 March 1890 at Erdington, Harry Richard Reginald Bagot (1860-1908), son of Vice-Adm. Henry Bagot [for whom, see above, under Bagot of Blithfield], and 2nd, 3 February 1909 at Rugby (Warks), Henry Bennett Ewins-Burrell-Ewins (c.1866-1920) of Marston Trussell Hall (Northants), and had issue:
(1.1) Mabel Anne Bagot (1896-1965), born 18 April 1896; married 1st, 15 December 1921 at Windsor (Berks), Richard Alexander Douglas Liebert (c.1896-1931), secretary to Sir Daniel Gooch of Hylands (Essex) and son of Edmund Bernhard Liebert of Swinton Hall (Lancs), but had no issue; married 2nd, 1 March 1932 (div. 1943), as his first wife, Michael Haworth-Booth FLS (1896-1986) of Farell, Roundhurst (Surrey), son of Digby Clifton Haworth-Booth, and had issue one son (who died young) and two daughters; died 28 April 1965; will proved 5 August 1965 (estate £48,841).
She inherited Pype Hayes Hall from her mother in 1895 and leased it some time after 1901. She sold the freehold in 1906 to J. Rollason and lived after her second marriage at Marston Trussell Hall (Northants).
She died 11 February 1915; her will was proved 14 May 1915 (estate £2,651). Her first husband died 17 July 1908; administration of his goods was granted to his wife, 21 August 1908 (effects £335). Her second husband died 5 April 1920; his will was proved 9 September 1920 (estate £31,439).