Friday, 26 August 2016

(227) Atherton of Atherton Hall and Bewsey Hall

Atherton of Atherton
The Athertons are one of the most ancient of Lancashire families, and their ancestors can be traced at Atherton near Leigh (Lancs) to at least the reign of King Henry I (1100-35). By 1212 they were known as the 'de Athertons', and a fairly coherent genealogy can be pieced together from the early 14th century. They seem to have been normally resident at Atherton (on the site later called Old Hall or Lodge Hall), and in 1360 Sir William de Atherton had licence for an oratory there and for another in his house at Ashton-in-Makerfield (Lancs). The genealogy below begins with another Sir William Atherton, born in about 1384. The family seem to have been relatively minor county gentry, intermarrying with other Cheshire and Lancashire families of their kind and occasionally holding local office, until in the 16th century Sir John Atherton (c.1513-73), kt rose to greater prominence in the service of the Earl of Derby. As a young man he took part in various military campaigns, including the suppression of the Pilgrimage of Grace, and in 1544 he was knighted during the sack of Edinburgh and Leith. He was MP for Lancashire in 1559, but although he was favourable to the Elizabethan Settlement his second wife was a known recusant, and this led to suspicions of his own soundness in matters of religion, which blighted the further development of his political career. He and his first wife, who were married when they were both children, were childless and were divorced in 1551 on the grounds of her infidelity, but by his second marriage he had a son, John Atherton (c.1557-1617), who like his father served as MP for the county and was also MP for Lancaster. At the time of the Armada, when England was put on an invasion footing, he was made  Capt. of the Crown's forces in Cheshire and Lancashire, so his mother's recusancy did not prevent his being trusted. His son and heir, John Atherton (d. 1628) was a barrister in London.

When the Civil War broke out, the head of the family was John Atherton (c.1600-46), who was a captain in the militia during the 1630s. Despite this, he does not seem to have been active on either side, and it may be that although not old he was infirm. His son, Capt. John Atherton (1624-56) was a Presbyterian and joined the Parliamentarian forces, but little seems to be recorded of his activities during the war. When he died in his early thirties he left a single son, who is said to have died a few days later, but his wife was pregnant and in due course bore another son, who inherited the estate. This was Sir Richard Atherton (1656-87), whose religion and politics seem to have been very different from those of his father, as he was an Anglican and a high Tory. He was MP for Liverpool in the 1670s and 1680s and seems to have been elected on the interest of the Molyneux family who owned estates just outside the town. This would explain his support for the Catholic Lord Molyneux, when he became Lord Lieutenant under King James II. In 1675 he inherited the Bewsey Hall estate near Warrington, which must have materially improved the fortunes of the family. When he died, at much the same age as his father, he was succeeded by his only son, John Atherton (1678-1708), with whom the religious and political polarity of the family flipped once more, since John allowed the Unitarians to build a chapel at Atherton, which he may have attended. John was the third generation of the family to die young, and he was succeeded by his only son, Richard Atherton (1701-26), whose strong views and peculiar enthusiasms earned him the nickname of 'mad Richard' Atherton. Like his grandfather he was a strong Tory and an opponent of nonconformity, and he ejected the Unitarians from the chapel his father had allowed them to build on his land. During the long minority following his father's death the estate revenues had evidently accumulated healthily (although his father had left debts of £3,000), and as soon as he came of age he embarked on the creation of a new Baroque country house at Atherton, which was unfinished at his death in 1726. This is said, improbably, to have cost over £60,000 to build by the time it was finished by his daughter and son-in-law in 1742, but it was clearly a grandly conceived project.

With Richard Atherton's early death in 1726, the family's luck in producing male heirs despite the short lifetimes of successive owners finally ran out. Four of his five known children died in infancy and his heir was his daughter, Elizabeth Atherton (c.1721-63), who married Robert Gwillym (c.1714-78) of Langstone Court (Herefs) in about 1738. Their eldest son, Robert Vernon Atherton Gwillym (1741-83) inherited the Lancashire estates and took the name Atherton in lieu of Gwillym in 1779. When he died his only surviving son, Atherton Leigh Atherton (1768-89) inherited, but he died in France while on the Grand Tour, and the estate passed once again through the female line. His sister, Henrietta Maria Atherton (1772-1820) married in 1797 Thomas Powys (1775-1825), later 2nd Baron Lilford, whose main estates were in Northamptonshire. On Henrietta Maria's death in 1820, the Atherton family effectively died out, and Lord Lilford demolished Atherton Hall, seeing no need to have two large houses on his remote Lancashire estates. Bewsey Hall, which had been updated in the late 18th century, was retained, but in about 1830 his son and successor pulled down a good deal of that house too, and turned the remainder into a farmhouse. 


Atherton Hall, Lancashire


A section of the Ordnance Survey 6" map surveyed in 1847, showing Old Hall and Atherton Hall and the landscaped grounds.
The Old Hall, sometimes referred to as Lodge Hall, was the seat of the Athertons from time immemorial. Little is known of its ancient appearance, as it was rebuilt in the mid 18th century - perhaps when it was superseded by the New Hall - as a three storey three-bay house. It was called 'an old brick building, moated round' in 1836, but was later given large two-storey battlemented square bay windows either side of the front door. This house was demolished in 1972 but some of the outbuildings still survive to mark the site. There was a deer park here by Elizabethan times and probably much earlier.


Atherton Hall: elevation of entrance front from Vitruvius Britannicus, vol. 3, 1725.

Atherton Hall: ground plan of the house from Vitruvius Britannicus, 1725.






In  1723, Richard Atherton (1701-26) began building a very grand new house of red brick with stone dressings on a site to the east of the old hall, to the designs of William Wakefield (d. 1730). The house was incomplete at Atherton's death in 1726 and was finished by his son-in-law, Robert Gwillym, in 1743, by which time it is said to have cost an improbable £63,000. The handsome Baroque front elevation of 102 ft. was illustrated in Vitruvius Britannicus, volume 3, and was of seven bays and two storeys above a high basement, with a full cornice and balustraded parapet. In the centre was a temple front with engaged Ionic columns supporting a triangular pediment containing a trophy of arms, and topped by three martial apotropaic figures. This gave onto a very large two-storey entrance hall, which as John Aiken noted at the end of the 18th century, achieved grandeur at the expense of utility, since it occupied such a high proportion of the footprint of the house. The garden front was treated as five bays, grouped 1-3-1 by giant pilasters, with the same high basement and tall cornice and parapet. Both fronts had massive stone staircases,  the full width of the central three bays, leading up to doorcases on the piano nobile.


Atherton Hall: the garden front depicted in the background of a painting of the Gwillym family by Arthur Devis,
perhaps in the early 1750s.

After the Atherton estates passed in 1797 to Lord Lilford, Atherton was surplus to requirements. Lilford Hall in Northamptonshire was the family's main seat, and Bewsey Hall was preferred when they journeyed into Lancashire. Unsuccessful attempts were made to sell Atherton, but when these failed, the main block of the house was demolished in 1824-25; the site is still recognisably the focal point of the landscape. The service wings (visible in the Devis painting), which terminated in low three-storey towers with pyramidal roofs and pilaster strips at the angles, were retained and survive today.  Later alterations and additions (especially the neo-Georgian ones of 1930, by Isaac Taylor of Manchester) have linked them to form a three-sided court, which was converted into seven dwellings after 1979.


Atherton Hall in 1823, on the eve of demolition.

Atherton Hall: entrance front in the late 18th century

The heavily wooded park of the house was landscaped in the 18th century and given an S-shaped curved lake spanned by the Lion Bridge designed by Wakefield in 1724. In the 19th century, much of the park was given to the town of Leigh as a public park (Lilford Park), but due to lack of maintenance the lake silted up and in 1905 the bridge was demolished. A memorial incorporating one of the eponymous lions, very worn, and a few bits of masonry, was erected at the site in the 1990s. Another lion, in better condition, survives at Haigh Hall.


Atherton Hall: the terminal tower of one of the surviving service wings of the 18th century house. The wings can be seen in the Arthur Devis painting above.


Descent: Sir William Atherton (b. c.1384), kt.; to son, Sir William Atherton (c.1409-40), kt.; to son, William Atherton (d. before 1450?); to brother, John Atherton (d. 1488); to son, George Atherton (c.1486-1518); to son, Sir John Atherton (c.1513-73), kt.; to son, John Atherton (d. 1628); to son, John Atherton (c.1600-46); to son, Capt. John Atherton (1624-56); to son, Sir Richard Atherton (1656-87), kt.; to son, John Atherton (1678-1708); to son, Richard Atherton (1701-26); to daughter, Elizabeth Atherton (c.1721-63), wife of Robert Gwillym (c.1714-78); to son, Robert Vernon Atherton Gwillym (later Atherton) (1741-83); to son, Atherton Leigh Atherton (1768-89); to sister, Henrietta Maria Atherton (1772-1820), wife of Thomas Powys (1775-1825), 2nd Baron Lilford; to son, Thomas Atherton Powys (1801-61), 3rd Baron Lilford; to son, Thomas Littleton Powys (1833-96), 4th Baron Lilford; to son, John Powys (1863-1945), 5th Baron Lilford; to brother, Stephen Powys (1869-1949), 6th Baron Lilford...


Bewsey Hall, Lancashire


Bewsey Old Hall: a drawing of 1772 showing the house as altered in Jacobean times and the drawbridge over the moat.
It is thought that there has been a building - perhaps initially a hunting lodge - on this moated site since the 12th century. The present late 16th or early 17th century brick building is a fragment of the later house. To its north there stood a medieval hall range, rebuilt in the 17th century with a porch and a matching cross-wing to create a balanced E-plan front. The house is said to have been substantially remodelled in the late 18th century but was largely demolished except for the surviving fragment in about 1830. A late Georgian farmhouse and a 19th century kitchen are now attached to the surviving building. 


Bewsey Old Hall: a photograph of 1859 shows the house very much as it exists today
Bewsey Old Hall: the house after conversion to apartments in 2014. Image: Urban Splash
Very little survives inside of any interest after years of alteration and decay and the recent conversion of the building into seven apartments, but there are said to be indications that a second-floor room was hastily fitted up in the early 17th century with a partition and elaborate painted finishes, possibly for the use of King James I, who stayed here in 1617. The moat surrounding the house is now dry on the east side, but in 1724 there was a gatehouse guarding a bridge across this arm, and archaeology has revealed traces of this and of a terraced 17th century garden. The drawbridge was still in place in 1772.


Bewsey New Hall, built in 1860-61 for Lord Lilford.







In  1860-61 a new half-timbered house (Bewsey New Hall) was built on a different site west of Camp Road for the 4th Baron Lilford as replacement for the Old Hall. The new building was almost certainly designed by W.G. Habershon, but Lady Lilford disliked the house so much that she refused to live in it. It was largely demolished in the 1940s, apart from a fragment of the west wing.

Descent: Edward Butler sold to Sir Thomas Ireland (1560-1625), kt.; to son, Thomas Ireland; to daughter, Dame Margaret (d. 1675), wife of Sir Gilbert Ireland (1624-75), kt.; to cousin, Sir Richard Atherton (1656-87), kt.; to son, John Atherton (1678-1708); to son, Richard Atherton (1701-26); to daughter, Elizabeth Atherton (c.1721-63), wife of Robert Gwillym (c.1714-78); to son, Robert Vernon Atherton Gwillym (later Atherton) (1741-83); to son, Atherton Leigh Atherton (1768-89); to sister, Henrietta Maria Atherton (1772-1820), wife of Thomas Powys (1775-1825), 2nd Baron Lilford; to son, Thomas Atherton Powys (1801-61), 3rd Baron Lilford; to son, Thomas Littleton Powys (1833-96), 4th Baron Lilford; to son, John Powys (1863-1945), 5th Baron Lilford.


Atherton family of Atherton Hall



Atherton, Sir William (b. c.1384), kt. Son of Sir William Atherton (d. 1414), kt. and his wife Agnes, daughter and heir of Ralph Vernon of Shipbrook, Cheshire, born about 1384. He married 1st, c.1400, Elizabeth daughter of Sir John Pilkington, kt., and 2nd, 1422, Eleanor [surname unknown], and had issue:
(1.1) Sir William Atherton, kt. (q.v.);

(1.2) Margaret Atherton; married, 1438, John Dutton (d. 1461) of Hatton and had issue;
(1.3) Elizabeth Atherton; married William Whitmore (c.1421-84) of Thurstanton, mayor of Chester in 1473.
He inherited the Atherton Hall estate from his father in 1414.
His date of death is unknown.

Atherton, Sir William (c.1409-40), kt. Son of Sir William Atherton (b. c.1384), and his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Pilkington, kt., born about 1409. He married, c.1423, Margaret (fl. 1479), daughter of Sir John Byron, kt., and had issue:
(1) William Atherton (d. by 1450?); inherited the Atherton estate from his father in 1440 and came of age after 1444; married, 1444, Isabella (fl. 1479), daughter of Richard Balderston but died without issue in his minority;
(2) John Atherton (d. 1488) (q.v.);
(3) Nicholas Atherton (fl. 1438/9).
He inherited the Atherton Hall estate from his father.
He died in 1440. His widow married 2nd, before 1443, Sir Robert Harcourt, kt.; her date of death is unknown but she was living in 1479.

Atherton, John (d. 1488). Younger son of Sir William Atherton (d. 1440), kt. and his wife Margaret, daughter of Sir John Byron, kt. High Sheriff of Co. Durham, 1461. He married late in life, Jane, daughter of John Warren of Poynton (Cheshire), and had issue:
(1) George Atherton (c.1486-1518).
He inherited the Atherton Hall estate from his elder brother, probably before 1450.
He died 7 April 1488; an inquisition post mortem was held 24 August 1507 when his son was of full age.

Atherton, George (c.1486-1518). Only recorded son of John Atherton (d. 1488) and his wife, born about 1486. He married 1st, (div. on grounds of consanguinity*), Anne, daughter of Sir Richard Assheton of Middleton, kt., and 2nd, Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Butler, of Bewsey (Lancs), kt., and had issue:
(1.1) Sir John Atherton (c.1513-73), kt. (q.v.);
(2.1) Anne Atherton; married Thomas Leland, son of William Leland of Morley and had issue.
He inherited the Atherton Hall estate from his father in 1488 and came of age in 1507.
He died in 1518. 
* Many sources place the date of the divorce at 1506, 1507 or 1508, but these dates are not reconcilable with Sir John Atherton having been born in c.1513, for which there is good evidence in an inquisition post mortem.

Atherton, Sir John (c.1513-73), kt. Only recorded son of George Atherton (d. 1518) and his first wife, Anne, daughter of Sir Richard Assheton of Middleton, kt., born about 1513. He took part in the Earl of Derby's expedition against the Pilgrimage of Grace, 1536 and was in charge of troops in northern England and Scotland, 1542-44; he was knighted at Leith by the Earl of Hertford, May 1544. In the late 1540s and 1550s he was active in raising and training men for the Lancashire musters, and in 1557 he led some of his tenants in the Earl of Derby's campaign against the Scots. MP for Lancashire, 1559; JP for Lancashire by 1544; High Sheriff of Lancashire, 1550-51, 1554-55 and 1560-61. He was a conformist in religion although there were occasional rumours of recusancy against him; his second wife was a recusant and was regularly presented as such after his death. He married 1st, before 1518, when they must both have been children (div. 1551 on the grounds of her adultery), Elizabeth (d. 1576), daughter of Sir Alexander Radcliffe, kt. of Ordsall (Lancs), and 2nd, Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Catterall of Little Mitton (Lancs), and had issue:
(2.1) John Atherton (c.1557-1617) (q.v.);
(2.2) Richard Atherton;
(2.3) William Atherton;
(2.4) Margaret Atherton (d. 1585); married William Jessop (d. 1630) of Broomshall near Sheffield (Yorks) and had issue; buried 26 April 1585 at Sheffield;
(2.5) Elizabeth Atherton; died young;
(2.6) Elizabeth Atherton; married Henry Bulmer.
He inherited the Atherton Hall estate from his father in 1518 and came of age about 1534. He sold a number of manors in Lancashire and between 1562 and 1570 bought property at Slingsby, Fryton and Hovingham in Yorkshire (NR).
He was buried at Leigh, 8 July 1573. His first wife died on 1 May 1576. His second wife survived him and married 2nd, William Edwards of Wrexham (Flints.); her date of death is unknown.

Atherton, John (c.1557-1617). Eldest son of Sir John Atherton (c.1513-73), kt. and his second wife, Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Catterall of Little Mitton (Lancs), born about 1557. High Sheriff of Lancashire, 1582. MP for Lancashire, 1586 and for Lancaster, 1588-89. JP for Lancashire by 1583; High Sheriff of Lancashire, 1582-83. At the time of the Armada, he was appointed Capt. of the Lancashire and Cheshire forces, 1588. He married 1st, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Byron, kt. of Colwick and Newstead (Notts), and 2nd, before 1587, Katherine (d. 1622), third daughter and co-heir of John Conyers, 3rd Baron Conyers, of Hornby Castle (Yorks), and had issue:
(1.1) John Atherton (d. 1628) (q.v.);
(1.2) Elizabeth Atherton; married James Browne;
(1.3) Rachel Atherton (d. 1643); died unmarried and without issue, 1643;
(2.1) John Atherton, of Skelton (Yorks); heir to his mother; married Anne, daughter of Sir John Byron, kt. and had issue a daughter;
(2.2) A son;
(2.3) A daughter;
(2.4) A daughter;
(2.5) A daughter.
He inherited the Atherton Hall and Yorkshire estates of his father in 1573. He sold the Yorkshire estate to Sir Charles Cavenish, kt. in 1594.
He was buried at Leigh, 23 May 1617. His widow married 2nd, Francis Savile, son of Henry Savile of Lupset (Yorks), and died 8 March 1622.

Atherton, John (d. 1628). Only recorded son of John Atherton (c.1557-1617) and his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Byron, kt., of Newstead (Notts), perhaps born c.1576. Educated at Grays Inn (admitted 1594). Barrister-at-law. He married 1st, Grismond, daughter of Henry Butler of Rawcliffe Hall (Lancs), and 2nd, about December 1602, Cicely, daughter of Ralph Calveley of Saighton (Cheshire), and had issue:
(1.1) John Atherton (c.1600-46) (q.v.); 
(2.1) Richard Atherton of Chowbent.
He inherited the Atherton Hall estate from his father in 1617.
He was buried at Leigh, 23 July 1628. His wives' dates of death are unknown.

Atherton, John (c.1600-46). Only recorded son of John Atherton (d. 1628) and his first wife Grismond, daughter of Henry Butler of Rawcliffe Hall (Lancs), perhaps born c.1600. Educated at Grays Inn (admitted 1620). Perhaps the John Atherton of Chowbent (in Leigh) who was appointed a Capt. of Light Horse by the Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, 1636. He married, c.1620, Eleanor (d. 1648?), daughter of Sir Thomas Ireland of Bewsey Hall (Lancs), and had issue:
(1) Thomas Atherton; died young;
(2) George Atherton; died unmarried;
(3) Capt. John Atherton (1624-56) (q.v.);
(4) Margaret Atherton (b. 1626), baptised at Leigh, 2 July 1626; married, before 1646, John Bradshaw (1614-94), son of John Bradshaw of Bradshaw, and had issue three sons and eight daughters; living in 1664;
(5) Eleanor Atherton (1628-82), baptised at Leigh, 26 February 1627/8; married Robert Clayton (d. 1664) of Fulwood (Lancs) and had issue four sons and four daughters; buried at Broughton (Lancs), 17 July 1682;
(6) William Atherton (b. 1629), baptised at Leigh, 3 February 1628/9; educated at Grays Inn (admitted 1648); died unmarried;
(7) Ireland Atherton (1630-1708), baptised at Leigh, 4 February 1629/30; married, 31 March 1656 at Wigan (Lancs), Katherine Alred (d. 1698), and had issue; buried at Leigh, 5 May 1708;
(8) twin, Thomas Atherton (b. 1632), baptised at Leigh, 3 January 1632/3; probably died young;
(9) twin, Henry Atherton (b. 1632), baptised at Leigh, 3 January 1632/3; probably died young;
(10) Ralph Atherton (1635-38), baptised at Leigh, 8 October 1635; died young and was buried at Leigh, April 1638;
(11) Anne Atherton (1637-95), baptised at Leigh, 2 November 1637; married, 3 August 1655 at Preston (Lancs), Thomas Clayton, citizen and merchant of London, and had issue three sons and seven daughters; buried at Standish (Lancs), 28 May 1695.
He inherited the Atherton Hall estate from his father in 1628.
He died in about 1646. His wife was probably the 'Ellen Atherton' of Leigh whose will was proved in 1648.

Atherton, Capt. John (1624-56). Third but eldest surviving son of John Atherton (c.1600-46) and his wife Eleanor, daughter of Sir Thomas Ireland of Bewsey Hall (Lancs), baptised at Leigh, 9 February 1623/4. A Presbyterian in religion, he built the Old Bent chapel at Atherton, which remained unconsecrated and was later used by nonconformists. He was a Captain in the Parliamentary army during the Civil War. JP for Lancashire; High Sheriff of Lancashire, 1654. He married, before 1645, Mary (d. 1665), daughter of Richard Bold of Bold Hall (Lancs), and had issue including:
(1) John Atherton (d. 1656?); died young, according to one source a few days after his father;
(2) Eleanor Atherton; died young;
(3) Mary Atherton; died young;
(4) Joan Atherton; died young;
(5) Sir Richard Atherton (1656-86), kt. (q.v.).
He inherited the Atherton Hall estate from his father in about 1646.
He died early in 1656*. His widow married 2nd, 1658 (settlement 1 October), Lawrence Rawstorne (1619-1700) of Newhall and had further issue one son (who died young); she was buried at Leigh, 7 July 1665.
* One Internet source gives a date of 17 January 1655/6, but I have been unable to verify this.

Atherton, Sir Richard (1656-87), kt. Only surviving son of Capt. John Atherton (1624-56) and his wife, born posthumously, 1656*. Educated at Brasenose College, Oxford (matriculated 1672) and Grays Inn (admitted 1675). He was brought up an Anglican by his mother, and was a high Tory in politics. MP for Liverpool 1677-79, 1685-87; Mayor of Liverpool, 1684-85; JP for Lancashire, 1677-86 and DL, 1682-86; he was knighted by King Charles II at Windsor, 22 June 1684 and was made a freeman of Preston, 1682. During his mayoralty he persuaded the corporation of Liverpool to surrender the city charter of 1677 to Judge Jeffreys and to seek a new grant. At the end of his life he was a supporter of Lord Molyneux, the newly-appointed Roman Catholic Lord Lieutenant, whose perennial quarrels with the corporation of Liverpool must have made Atherton unpopular there. He married 1st, 27 November 1676 at St Chad, Rochdale (Lancs), Isabel, daughter of Robert Holt of Castleton and Stubley, and 2nd, 25 November 1686 at Ulverston (Lancs), Agnes (b. 1664), daughter of Miles Dodding of Conishead (Lancs), and had issue:
(1.1) John Atherton (1678-1708) (q.v.);
(1.2) Catherine Atherton (b. 1679), baptised at Warrington, 3 April 1679;
(1.3) Marie Atherton (1680-1705), baptised at Warrington, 5 February 1679/80; married, 20 March 1700/01 at Warrington, Edward Molyneux, and had issue two daughters; buried at Warrington, 11 May 1705;
(1.4) Isabel Atherton (b. 1682), baptised at Warrington, 24 January 1681/2; married 21 May 1702 at Warrington, William Rawstorne of Preston, and had issue;
(1.5) Dorothy Atherton (b. 1682), baptised at Warrington, 17 December 1682.
He inherited the Atherton Hall estate from his father at his birth and the Bewsey Hall estate in 1675 from Dame Margaret Ireland.
He was buried at Warrington, 11 January 1686/7, but his will was not proved until 1690. His first wife died between 1682 and 1686; his second wife presumably survived him but her date of death has not been traced.
*One Internet source gives the date as 23 September 1656, but I have been unable to verify this.

Atherton, John (1678-1708). Only son of Sir Richard Atherton (1656-87) and his first wife, Isabel, daughter of Robert Holt of Castleton and Stubley, born 29 January 1677/8 and baptised at Warrington, 12 February 1677/8. Educated at Brasenose College (matriculated 1694) and Grays Inn (admitted 1697). On his father's death he was placed in the guardianship of James Holt MP and William Banks II MP, whose political and religious leanings may explain the wide divergence of his views from those of his father and son. In adulthood he was a nonconformist in religion, and encouraged and supported the Unitarian meeting at Atherton. He married, 4 April 1700 at Whitegate (Cheshire), Elizabeth (b. 1676), daughter and heiress of Robert Cholmondeley of Vale Royal, and had issue:
(1) Richard Atherton (1701-26) (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Atherton (1703-53), born 19 May and baptised at Warrington 29 May 1703; married, 4 December 1722 at Preston (Lancs), Thomas Heber (1697-1752) of Marton (Yorks WR) and had issue three sons and two daughters; died 23 March and was buried at Marton, 27 March 1753;
(3) Frances Atherton (b. 1705), born 3 August and baptised at Warrington, 10 August 1705; unmarried and living in 1724;
(4) Mary Atherton (b. 1707), baptised at Warrington, 15 October 1707; probably died in infancy.
He inherited the Atherton Hall and Bewsey Hall estates from his father in 1687 and came of age in 1699. In 1708-09 his widow sought petitioned Parliament for leave to raise £3,000 for the payment of his debts by leasing estates and selling timber, but this was rejected.
He was buried at Warrington, 20 January 1707/8, aged 29. His wife survived him but her date of death has not been traced.

Atherton, Richard (1701-26). Only recorded son of John Atherton (1678-1708) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Robert Cholmondeley of Vale Royal (Cheshire), born 21 May and baptised at Warrington (Lancs), 29 May 1701. He is said to have been a Jacobite in politics and was active in fomenting political opposition in Wigan in 1724-26. In religion he was an opponent of nonconformity (unlike his father), and on coming of age he demanded the surrender of the Unitarian chapel which had recently been built at Atherton on land leased from the estate. A pigeon-fancier, he was 'a very compleat judge of a pigeon' and collected examples of as many different species of dove and pigeon from around the world as he could come by; he intended to have four dovecotes in turrets on the roof of Atherton Hall, but died before these were constructed. These eccentricities led to his sometimes being referred to in the family as 'mad Richard'. He married, 16 June 1719 at Leyland (Lancs), Elizabeth (1702-42), daughter of William Farington of Shaw Hall, Leyland, and had issue:
(1) John Atherton (b. & d. 1720); died in infancy and was buried at Leyland, 1 April 1720;
(2) Elizabeth Atherton (c.1721-63) (q.v.);
(3) Isabella Atherton (b. & d. 1722); buried at Leyland, 26 November 1722;
(4) Mary Catherina Atherton (d. 1724); buried at Leyland, 7 January 1723/4;
(5) Richard Atherton (b. & d. 1725), baptised at Leyland, 7 May 1725; died in infancy and was buried at Leyland the following day.
He inherited the Atherton Hall and Bewsey Hall estates from his father in 1708 and came of age in 1722. He began the construction of a new Atherton Hall in 1723, which was unfinished at his death; his will instructs his executors to complete the building.
He was buried at Leigh, 29 November 1726; his will was proved at Chester, 19 December 1724. His widow married 2nd, 20 August 1729 at Weld Chapel, Southgate (Middx), Jonathan Goldsmith of London, and was buried at Leigh, 10 April 1742.


Elizabeth Atherton,
by Arthur Devis.
Atherton, Elizabeth (c.1721-63). Only child of Richard Atherton (1701-26) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Farington of Shaw Hall, born about 1721*. She married, c.1738 (settlement, 1738), Robert Gwillym (c.1714-78) of Langstone Court (Herefs), and had issue:
(1) Richard Atherton Gwillym (b. & d. 1740), baptised at Leigh, 2 March 1739/40; died in infancy and was buried, 21 June 1740;
(2) Robert Vernon Atherton Gwillym (later Atherton) (1741-83) (q.v.);
(3) Elizabeth Goldsmith Atherton Gwillym (1742-1823), baptised at Leigh, 3 September 1742; married, 10 December 1767 at Warrington (Lancs), Lawrence Rawstorne (1742-1803) and had issue three sons and two daughters; died at Hutton Hall and was buried at Penwortham (Lancs), 18 November 1823;
(4) Jane Atherton Gwillym (1743-57), baptised at Leigh, 22 August 1743; died young and was buried at Leigh, 4 September 1757;
(5) William Atherton Gwillym (1744-71), baptised at Leigh, 1 January 1744/5; educated at Brasenose College, Oxford (matriculated 1763) and Trinity Hall, Cambridge (admitted 1765); presumably inherited his father's Herefordshire property; died 1771;
(6) Alice Charlotte Gwillym (1748-51), baptised at Leigh, 25 March 1748; died young and was buried at Leigh, 27 April 1751;
(7) Thomas Symons Atherton Gwillym (1753-58), baptised at Leigh, 7 April 1753; died young and was buried at Leigh, 5 June 1758;
(8) Frances Atherton Gwillym (d. 1757); buried at Leigh, 10 October 1757.
She inherited the Atherton Hall and Bewsey Hall estates from her father in 1726? and completed the building of Atherton Hall in 1743.
She was buried at Leigh, 30 May 1763. Her husband married 2nd, Frances [surname unknown] and had further issue one son; he was buried at Warrington, 21 August 1778, and his will was proved at Chester, 7 October 1778 and in the PCC, 13 September 1808.
* The baptism of an Elizabeth, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth Atherton at Preston (Lancs), 29 May 1721, appears to relate to a different person.


R.V.A. Gwillym, 1766
by Joseph Wright of Derby.
Image: St Louis Art Museum
Gwillym (later Atherton), Robert Vernon Atherton (1741-83). Second son of Robert Gwillym (c.1714-78) of Langston and Walford-on-Wye (Herefs) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Atherton of Atherton Hall and Bewsey Hall, baptised at Leigh, 28 August 1741. Educated at Brasenose College, Oxford (matriculated 1763) and Trinity Hall, Cambridge (matriculated 1767). MP for Newton (Lancs), 1774-80. He took the name and arms of Atherton in lieu of Gwillym for himself and his descendants by royal licence, 1779. He and his wife were painted by Joseph Wright of Derby in 1766. He married, 25 January 1763 at Winwick (Lancs), Henrietta Maria (1744-79), daughter and co-heir of Peter Legh of Lyme Park (Cheshire) and had issue:
(1) Atherton Leigh Gwillym (later Atherton) (1768-89), born 4 June and baptised at Leigh, 25 July 1768; educated at Manchester Grammar School; inherited the Atherton and Bewsey estates from his mother but died unmarried in the south of France shortly before coming of age, 27 March 1789;
(2) Robert Gwillym (1769-73), baptised at Leigh, 3 November 1769; died young and was buried at Leigh, 10 June 1773;
(3) Henrietta Maria Gwillym (later Atherton) (1772-1820) (q.v.);
(4) Elizabeth Gwillym (later Atherton) (b. 1774), baptised at Leigh, 29 October 1774; married, 18 May 1802 at Marylebone (Middx), her cousin, George Anthony Legh-Keck MP (1774-1860) of Stoughton Grange (Leics) and Bank Hall, Bretherton (Lancs), but had no issue; her date of death has not been traced;
(5) Hester Gwillym (later Atherton) (1776-1830), baptised at Leigh, 25 July 1776; married, 14 October 1800 at St John, Preston (Lancs), Rev. James John Hornby and had issue two sons (who both died without issue); buried at Winwick (Lancs), 23 June 1830;
(6) Frances Gwillym (1777-79), baptised at Leigh, 26 September 1777; died in infancy and was buried at Leigh, 27 January 1779;
(7) Leigh Egerton Gwillym (later Atherton) (1778-79), born 15 December 1778 and baptised at Leigh, 15 January 1779; died in infancy and was buried at Leigh, 17 November 1779.
He inherited the Atherton and Bewsey Hall estates from his mother in 1763.
He was buried at Leigh, 9 July 1783. His wife was buried at Leigh, 28 September 1779.

Atherton, Henrietta Maria (1772-1820). Eldest daughter of Robert Vernon Gwillym (later Atherton) (1741-83) and his wife Henrietta Maria, daughter and co-heir of Peter Legh of Lyme Park (Cheshire), baptised at Leigh, 24 July 1772. She married, 5 December 1797 at Penwortham (Lancs), Thomas Powys (1775-1825), 2nd Baron Lilford, and had issue:
(1) Hon. Henrietta Maria Powys (1799-1870), born 7 February and baptised at Leigh, 8 February 1799; married, 10 September 1827, John Campbell Colquhoun (1803-70) of Killermont and Garscadden, and of Chartwell (Kent), politician and author, son of Archibald Colquhoun of Edinburgh, and had issue two sons; died in London, 21 January 1870 and was buried at Crockham Hill, Sevenoaks (Kent);
(2) Hon. Eleanor Powys (1800-80), baptised at St George's Hanover Square, London, 8 April 1800; married, 8 Jul 1839, as his second wife, Sir John Murray Naesmyth (1803-76), 4th bt., of Dawyck House (Peebles.) and had issue one son and one daughter; died 13 March 1880; will proved 27 April 1880 (effects under £12,000);
(3) Thomas Atherton Powys (1801-61), 3rd Baron Lilford, born 2 December 1801; a Lord of the Bedchamber 1831-35 and 1835-37; a Lord-in-Waiting 1837-41; married, 24 May 1830, Hon. Mary Elizabeth (1806-91), daughter of Henry Richard Fox, 3rd Baron Holland, and had issue four sons and six daughters; died 15 March 1861 [the Powys family, Barons Lilford, will be the subject of a future post];
(4) Hon. Robert Vernon Powys (1802-54), born April 1802; an officer in the East India Company's Bengal army (Capt.); married, 14 April 1825, Jane (d. 1842), third daughter of William Beckett, of Enfield (Middx), and had issue five sons and one daughter; died 26 May 1854;
(5) Hon. Mary Powys (1804-83), born 12 December 1804; married, 11 May 1830, Rev. James Drummond (d. 1882), rector of Galby (Leics); died 5 November 1883;
(6) Rt. Rev. & Hon. Horatio Powys DD (1805-77), born 20 November 1805; educated at Harrow and St. John's College, Cambridge (matriculated 1824; MA 1826; DD 1854); ordained deacon, 1830 and priest, 1831; rector of Warrington (Lancs), 1831-54; Bishop of Sodor and Man, 1854-77; married, 21 Feb 1833, Percy Gore (d. 1888), eldest daughter of William Currie of East Horsley Park (Surrey), and had issue three sons and five daughters; died 31 May 1877;
(7) Hon. Elizabeth Atherton Powys (c.1807-91), born about 1807; married, 15 February 1828, Rev. Richard Leonard Adams (1802-75), rector of Shere (Surrey) and had issue; died 8 January 1891; will proved 19 February 1891 (effects £2,314);
(8) Rev. & Hon. Atherton Legh Powys (1809-86), born 23 September 1809; educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1829; MA 1834); ordained deacon, 1841 and priest, 1842; rector of Titchmarsh (Northants), 1842-61; married, 23 September 1841 at Melton Mowbray (Leics), Charlotte Elizabeth (d. 1869), daughter of Richard Norman, and had issue three sons and two daughters; lived latterly at Southsea (Hants); died at Gotham (Notts), 28 August 1886; administration of goods with will annexed granted 16 March 1887 (effects £1,030);

(9) Hon. Frances Hester Powys (c.1810-40), born about 1810; married, 5 April 1831, Rev. Thomas Henry Causton (d. 1854); died 17 June 1840;
(10) Hon. Jane Lucy Powys (c.1811-1905), born about 1811; married, 18 May 1836, Rev. John Pierce Maurice, rector of Michael Marsh (Hants) (d. 1874), and had issue four sons; died 4 December 1905.

(11) Maj. the Hon. Henry Littleton Powys (later Powys-Keck) (1812-63), of Stoughton Grange (Leics), born 28 March 1812; married 1st, 20 November 1840, Margaretta Matilda (d. 1845), third daughter of J. J. Bancho, of Parsonstown, Ireland, and had issue three sons; married 2nd, 16 July 1862, Maria (d. 1902), youngest daughter of Admiral Sir John Gore KCB GCH RN, but had no further issue; died 10 July 1863;
(12) Lt Col the Hon. Charles Powys (1813-97), born 4 March 1813; served in the Sikh War and the Indian Rebellion; married 1st, 29 Mar 1836, Mary (d. 1854), only surviving child of William Scott Kennedy, and 2nd, 15 Aug 1854, Agnes Anne (d. 1906), only daughter of John Richards, of Penzance (Cornw), and had issue by his second wife; died 16 October 1897.

She inherited the Atherton and Bewsey Hall estates from her brother in 1789.
She died 11 August 1820. Her husband died in London, 4 July, and was buried at Achurch (Northants), 15 July 1825; his will was proved 14 December 1825.


Sources


J. Aiken, A description of the country from thirty to forty miles round Manchester, 1795, p. 298; VCH Lancashire, vol. 3, 1907, pp. 324-28, 435-39; J.S.F. Walker & A.S. Tindall, Country Houses of Greater Manchester, 1985, p. 185; R. Pollard & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Lancashire - Liverpool and the south-west, 2006, pp. 140-41, 632-33.


Location of archives


Atherton family of Atherton and Bewsey: deeds and papers relating to Lancashire and Herefordshire property, 13th-18th cents [Lancashire Archives, DDLi]


Coat of arms


Gules, three sparrowhawks, two and one, argent.


Can you help?


Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch.


  • Can anyone provide information about the descent of Atherton Hall or Bewsey Hall in the later 20th century?
  • The genealogical details above for the earliest generations of this family are remarkably thin; I should be most grateful to anyone who can provide additional information from authoritative sources.



Revision and acknowledgements


This post was first published 26th August 2016.

Sunday, 21 August 2016

(226) Atherley of Landguard Manor and Northbrook House

The Atherley family were prominent in Southampton from the late 17th century to the mid 19th century, and may always have been associated with the brewing industry. Arthur Atherley, who appears in the city records in the 1660s and 1670s, was a maltster. His son, Arthur Atherley (1664-1741) was twice mayor of the city and he and his sons Arthur and Richard are described simply as merchants, but in the next generation Arthur Atherley (1746-1820) re-established the connection with brewing - if it had been broken - when he married one of the daughters of Sir John Carter (1741-1808) of Portsmouth, a partner in Pike's Brewery in that town. Atherley described himself as brewer and distiller in his will and was evidently a partner in Pike's brewery himself as well as having interests in Southampton.

William Pike (1691-1777), the founder of Pike's Brewery, had invested the profits of his mercantile career in the purchase of estates in the Isle of Wight. The largest of his purchases took place in 1753, when he bought the manors of Luccombe, Appleford, Cleaveland and Landguard in Bonchurch, Godshill, Newchurch and Brading from the Knight family. At his death Pike left two daughters, Susannah (the wife of John Carter) and Ann (the wife of Thomas Bonham), who inherited the brewery and estates amounting to some 5,730 acres. Between them the sisters had nine children, and the subsequent history of the Pike estate is somewhat obscure, as various members of the Bonham and Carter families are found dealing with it in the late 18th century, and it may well have been managed collectively rather than being apportioned between the heirs. A new polite front was built at Landguard Manor at this time, but it is not clear that it was used as a residence by any members of the family; it may have been let or occupied by the family's agent.

What is clear is that after the death of Sir John Carter in 1808, control of much of the estate passed to Arthur Atherley (1746-1820) and then to his son, Arthur Atherley (1772-1844). The younger Arthur was educated at Eton and Cambridge and then at Lincoln's Inn, and was the first of his family to receive this sort of gentleman's education. Although he may have had interests in some of the family's business enterprises, he was not directly engaged in them, and he lived as a gentleman of independent means. He was politically active as a strong Foxite Whig, and served three times as MP for Southampton, although even with the Duke of Norfolk's support his efforts to get elected for Arundel (Sussex), where he lived, were unsuccessful. His younger brother George Atherley (1782-1856) was not sent to university, but into one of the local Southampton banks, where he rapidly became a partner in the firm of Atherley & Fall. George's son, George Atherley (1818-83) followed him into the bank, but in the 1850s he bought Northbrook House at Bishop Waltham with a small acreage, so this branch of the family eventually acquired its own landed property too. However, in the next generation, Maj. Evelyn George Hammond Atherley (1852-1935) sold it soon after inheriting it.

Despite their large holdings in the Isle of Wight, supplemented by an estate at Shirley (Hants) which they acquired before 1820, the senior branch of the Atherleys did not rush to settle on their estates either. Arthur Atherley (1772-1844) was succeeded by his eldest son, Rev. Arthur Atherley (1794-1857), who was vicar of Heavitree in Exeter (Devon) and also held a prebend in Chichester Cathedral. It was only when his son, Lt-Col. Francis Henry Atherley (1831-97), who married a daughter of the Earl of Suffolk & Berkshire, inherited, that Landguard Manor seems to have become a regular family residence, and in 1878 the house was substantially enlarged and remodelled. It passed to Col. Atherley's only son, Arthur Harry Howard Atherley (1865-1917), whose widow sold it in 1926.



Landguard Manor, Shanklin, Isle of Wight


Landguard Manor: the five-bay 18th century south front.

The earliest part of the house today is the late 18th century five bay south front of red brick with stone quoins, which has recently been defaced by the addition of a debased classical porch. This brick front was apparently an addition to an earlier 17th century stone house of the Knight family, which was demolished in 1878 and replaced by the present large, irregular, stone-built neo-Jacobean range. 


Landguard Manor: the east front of the 1878 range, from an old postcard.

The extension has a richly decorated balustraded porch, round-arched at the front and sides, which was probably added in 1906. To the west there is another wing with an arched loggia. Inside, there is a two-storey colonnaded hall, with a well staircase, also of 1906.

In the mid 20th century the house became a holiday centre for the Co-operative Holidays Association, and it is now operated as a wedding and events venue.

Descent: Edward Knight (d. 1612)... Anne Knight, sold 1753 to William Pike (1691-1777) of Portsmouth;to daughters, wives of John Carter and Thomas Bonham; to Sir John Carter (1741-1808); to son-in-law, Arthur Atherley (1746-1820); to son, Arthur Atherley (1772-1844); to son, Rev. Arthur Atherley (1794-1857); to son, Lt-Col. Francis Henry Atherley (1831-97), who remodelled it in 1878; to son, Arthur Harry Howard Atherley (1865-1917); to widow, Eleanor Gertrude Atherley (née Lumsden) (1872-1952), later wife of Maj-Gen. Albemarle Bertie Edward Cator DSO (d. 1932), who sold 1926... Co-operative Holidays Association (fl. 1949)



Northbrook House, Bishops Waltham, Hampshire


Northbrook House, Bishops Waltham: garden front.

A two-storey late 18th century Georgian stuccoed house, extended in the early 19th century and later. The south-east facing main elevation is of eight bays, grouped 3-3-2, with a Doric porch on the third bay, oddly placed to the left of the breakfront. The front has a plinth, first-floor plat band, moulded cornice and coping to parapet. The garden front is similarly two-storeyed and stuccoed, but lacks the plat band, and has the parapet swept down over the central six bays. The south end elevation is tile-hung and at the north end a large wing projects to the west. Inside there are some early 19th century fireplaces, ceiling cornices, and panelled doors in architraves. The house became offices for Droxford Rural District Council in the mid 20th century and was recently converted into flats.

Descent: Thomas Grant; to widow (d. 1837), who let to tenants including Earl of Huntingdon (c.1822), Adm. E.G. Colpoys (d. c.1834), N.W. Kindersley (d. 1844), and Col. Saunderson (fl. 1847)...sold in 1850s to George Atherley (1818-83); to son, Maj. Evelyn George Hammond Atherley (b. 1852)...Droxford Rural District Council...



Atherley family of Landguard Manor



Atherley, Arthur (1746-1820). Son of Arthur Atherley of Southampton and his wife, baptised 27 December 1746 at All Saints, Southampton. Brewer and distiller at Portsmouth. Mayor of Southampton, 1783-84 and 1797-98; JP for Southampton; elected a Burgess of Portsmouth, 1772, 1782. He married, 12 February 1769 at St Thomas, Portsmouth (Hants), Susanna (1748-1802), daughter of Sir John Carter, and had issue:
(1) Arthur Atherley (1772-1844) (q.v.);
(2) John Carter Atherley (1774-95), baptised 20 March 1774 at All Saints, Southampton; an officer in the Coldstream Guards (Ensign, 1792; Lt., 1794; Capt., 1794); died unmarried in Holland, 22 January 1795;
(3) William Atherley (1777-78), baptised 22 August 1777 at All Saints, Southampton; died in infancy and was buried at Southampton, 3 March 1778;
(4) William Atherley (b. & d. 1780), baptised 8 August 1780 at All Saints, Southampton; died in infancy and was buried at Southampton, 24 September 1780;
(5) George Atherley (1782-1856) [for whom see Atherley family of Northbrook House, below];
(6) Susannah Atherley (1788-1828), baptised 8 August 1788 at All Saints, Southampton; married, 7 August 1816 at Southampton, Rear-Adm. Frederick Jennings Thomas (1786-1855), younger son of Sir John Thomas, 5th bt., of Wenvoe Castle (Glam), and had issue three sons and one daughter; died 23 July 1828.
He lived at Southampton and accumulated property in Hampshire (Shirley) and the Isle of Wight, including Landguard Manor which he acquired through his marriage.
He was buried at All Saints, Southampton, 4 March 1820; his will was proved in the PCC, 9 May 1820. His wife was buried at All Saints, Southampton, 26 February 1802.


Arthur Atherley at Eton
by Sir Thomas Lawrence.
Atherley, Arthur (1772-1844). Son of Arthur Atherley (d. 1820), banker, of Southampton and his wife, Susanna, daughter of John Carter of Portsmouth (Hants), born 1772. Educated at Eton (Capt. of Ad Montem Club), Trinity College, Cambridge (admitted 1790) and Lincolns Inn (admitted 1791). An officer in the Winchester Suburbs Volunteers (Lt., 1803; Capt., 1804; Maj. commanding, 1807). Whig MP for Southampton, 1806-07, 1812-18, 1831-34, and stood unsuccessfully for Arundel in 1819 and 1820; in politics he was a friend and supporter of Charles James Fox who described himself as 'an uncompromising friend of Reform'. JP for Hampshire, Sussex and Southampton. He married, 2/16 June 1793, Lady Louisa (1768-1819), daughter of William John Kerr, 5th Marquess of Lothian, and had issue:
(1) Rev. Arthur Atherley (1796-1857) (q.v.);
(2) Louisa Mary Atherley (1798-1864), baptised 12 July 1798 at St Swithin, Winchester (Hants); died unmarried in Bath, 8 November 1864; her will was proved 3 January 1865 (effects under £14,000);
(3) Mary Atherley (1799-1830?), baptised 23 August 1799 at St Swithun, Winchester (Hants); perhaps the lady of this name who was buried at Portsmouth, 31 January 1830;
(4) Sydney Charlotte Anne Atherley (c.1800-52); married, 19 November 1827 at Arundel (Sussex), as his second wife, Col. Samuel Long; died aged 52 and was buried at Norwood Cemetery (Surrey), 13 July 1852;
(5) Amelia Calles Montague Atherley (1801-04), baptised 22 October 1801; died young and was buried 17 October 1804 at All Saints, Southampton;
(6) General Mark Kerr Atherley (1804-84), baptised 17 May 1804 at Winchester Cathedral; an officer in the army (Ensign, 1823; Lt., 1825; Capt., 1828; Maj., 1841; Lt-Col., 1849; Col., 1854; Maj-Gen. 1864; Lt-Gen., 1872; Gen., 1877); Colonel of the Gordon Highlanders, 1880-84; married, 3 April 1847 at Belturbet (Cavan), Martha J. Bowen (c.1830-1906) and had issue two sons and seven daughters; died in London, 11 March 1884 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 19 March 1884; his will was proved 21 April 1884 (effects £3,676);
(7) Rev. Henry Fox Atherley (1806-c.1874), born 7 January 1806; educated at Denham (Bucks) and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1824; BA 1828; MA 1831); ordained deacon, 1829 and priest, 1830; curate of Upper Beeding (Sussex), 1846-50; vicar of Staverton (Devon), 1850-74; married, 11 October 1831 at Romsey (Hants), Frances Heathcote (c.1811-58) and had issue one son; died 2 August 1874; his will proved 28 August 1874 (effects under £8,000);
(6) Matilda Mary D'Arcy Atherley (1809-50), baptised 10 August 1809 at St. Lawrence, Winchester; died unmarried at Bath, 17 May 1850; her will was proved 27 June 1850.
He inherited his father's property in Hampshire (Shirley) and the Isle of Wight (Luccombe in Bonchurch and Landguard Manor) but lived at Arundel, and retired to Brighton after leaving politics in 1834.
He died 1 October 1844 at the Tower House, Brighton (Sussex) and was buried at All Saints, Southampton; his will was proved 19 November 1844. His wife died 23 June 1819.

Atherley, Rev. Arthur (1794-1857). Eldest son of Arthur Atherley (1772-1844) and his wife Lady Louisa, daughter of William John Kerr, 5th Marquess of Lothian, born 8 February 1794. Educated at Southampton and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1812; MA 1818); ordained deacon and priest, 1818; vicar of Heavitree, Exeter (Devon), 1820-57; prebendary of Chichester Cathedral, 1833-57. He was elected a burgess of Portsmouth in 1817. He married, 8 November 1821, Amelia Elizabeth (1796-1875), daughter of Richard Dawkins, Commissioner of Excise, and had issue:
(1) Arthur Pelham Atherley (1822-47), baptised 19 August 1822; an officer in the army (ensign, 1840-42); married, 3? March 1846 at Abergavenny (Monmouths.), Sarah Ann, eldest daughter of John Thompson; died at Bath, 20 November 1847;
(2) Louisa Atherley (1824-1908), baptised 2 September 1824; married, 2 January 1845, Charles Davers Osborn (1819-46) of Heavitree, second son of Sir John Osborn, 5th bt., of Chicksands Priory (Beds); died in London, 30 April 1908; will proved 26 August 1908 (estate £1,507);
(3) Arabella Jane Catherine Atherley (1827-1919), baptised 3 March 1827; died unmarried in London, 23 April 1919 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 25 April 1919; her will was proved 31 May 1919 (estate £3,195);
(4) Henrietta Frances Isabella Atherley (1829-1919), baptised 15 June 1829; died unmarried in London, 2 April 1919 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 8 April 1919; her will was proved 31 May 1919 (estate £1,728);
(5) Lt-Col. Francis Henry Atherley (1831-97) (q.v.);
(6) Capt. Edward Gambier Eliot Atherley (1834-98), born 18 December 1834; an officer in the army (Ensign, 1852; Lt., 1854; Capt 1860); died at Puckeridge (Herts), 10 October 1898 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 21 October 1898;
(7) Sydney Kerr Buller Atherley (1837-78), baptised 28 November 1837; educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1855); married, 3 April 1877, Georgina Louisa (c.1831-1919), daughter of Grenville L. Berkeley but had no issue; died 27 February 1878.
He inherited his father's property in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, including Landguard Manor. After his death his widow moved to 33 Eaton Place, London with her unmarried and widowed daughters.
He died in London, 14 February 1857; his will was proved 27 May 1857. His widow died in London, 20 January 1875; her will was proved 15 February 1875 (estate under £8,000).


F.H. Atherley 1831-97
Some rights reserved.
Atherley, Lt-Col. Francis Henry (1831-97). Second son of Rev. Arthur Atherley (1794-1857) of Heavitree, Exeter (Devon) and his wife Amelia Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Dawkins, Commissioner of Excise, born 30 May 1831. An officer in the 40th Regiment and later the Rifle Brigade (2nd Lt., 1849; Lt., 1850; Capt., 1854; Maj. 1858, retired 1858); and of the Isle of Wight Volunteer Battalion (Maj., 1870; Lt-Col., 1871; T/Col., 1881; retired 1891); JP for Hampshire, 1869. He married, 18 June 1863 at Charlton (Wilts), Lady Isabel Julia Elizabeth (1831-1910), daughter of Charles John Howard, 17th Earl of Suffolk & Berkshire, and had issue:
(1) Arthur Harry Howard Atherley (1865-1917) (q.v.).
He inherited his father's estates in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, including Landguard Manor, Shanklin (Isle of Wight) which he enlarged and remodelled in 1878.
He died 31 March 1897 and was buried at Southampton Cemetery; will proved 20 August 1897 (effects £5,916). His widow died 8 November 1910; administration of her goods was granted 2 February 1911 (estate £1,524).

Atherley, Arthur Harry Howard (1865-1917). Only recorded son of Lt-Col. Francis Henry Atherley (1831-97) of Landguard Manor, Shanklin (Isle of Wight) and his wife Lady Isabel Julia Elizabeth, daughter of Charles John Howard, 17th Earl of Suffolk & Berkshire, born 25 May 1865. JP and DL for Hampshire. In 1905 he gave the site for Shanklin Cottage Hospital. He married, 25 September 1902 at St Mary, Carden Place, Aberdeen, Eleanor Gertrude (1872-1952), daughter of James Forbes Lumsden of Johnstone House, Aberdeen, and had issue:
(1) Isabel Eleanor Evelyn Atherley (1904-64), born 7 March 1904; married 1st, 4 June 1925 at St Peter, Eaton Square, London, Edward Geoffrey Pease, racehorse trainer, son of Leonard Pease of Beverley, and had issue two daughters; married 2nd, Jul-Sep 1946, as his second wife, Arthur Turberville Smith-Bingham (1906-88), son of Brig-Gen. Oswald Buckley Smith-Bingham CMG ; died 28 April 1964; her will was proved 23 October 1964 (estate £13,667);
(2) Helen Myrtle Dorothy (nickname Flash) Atherley (1905-76), born 5 August 1905; travelled extensively to exotic countries with her first husband, who was a big game hunter; married 1st, 14 October 1926 at the Guards Chapel, London, Lt-Col. Edward Orlando Kellett MP (c.1902-43) and had issue one daughter (later Lady Holderness); married 2nd, 26 February 1946, Hon. William Johnston McGowan (1909-77), second son of Harry Duncan McGowan, 1st Baron McGowan, and had issue another daughter (later Lady Hindlip); died 16 March 1976; will proved 23 August 1976 (estate £8,839).
He inherited Landguard Manor from his father in 1897. At his death it passed to his widow, who sold it in 1926.
He died 4 July 1917 and was buried at Shanklin (Isle of Wight); his will was proved 6 October 1917 (estate £17,512). His widow married 2nd, Apr-Jun 1920, Col. Albemarle Bertie Edward Cator DSO, son of Albemarle Cator of Woodbastwick Hall (Norfk); she died 25 January 1952; administration of her goods granted 7 May 1952 to her younger daughter (estate £1,631).



Atherley family of Northbrook House


Atherley, George (1782-1856). Younger son of Arthur Atherley (1746-1820), banker, of Southampton and his wife, Susanna, daughter of Sir John Carter, kt., of Portsmouth (Hants), baptised at Southampton, 26 December 1782. Partner in Atherley & Fall, bankers, of Southampton. Mayor of Southampton, 1816-17, 1821-22; Chairman of the Hampshire Reform Association, 1835. He married, 28 February 1814 at St Thomas, Winchester (Hants), Fanny (1782-1868), daughter of Peter Gauntlett of Winchester, and had issue:
(1) Selina Atherley (1817-99), born 10 March 1817; married, 20 June 1843 at Southampton, Capt. John Henry Forrest (c.1816-1901), Chief Constable of Nottinghamshire and later of Hampshire, and had issue seven sons and four daughters; died 3 September 1899;
(2) George Atherley (1818-83) (q.v.);
(3) Rev. Arthur Gauntlett Atherley (1822-95), baptised at Southampton, 1 August 1822; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1841; BA 1845); ordained deacon 1847 and priest 1848; curate of Biddestone (Wilts) (c.1851-55); perpetual curate of Alderton (Wilts), 1859-64; minister of Hartham (Wilts) Chapel, 1864-80; married, 25 May 1852 at St Mary, Paddington (Middx), Georgiana (1824-79), daughter of Col. William Forrest, and had issue five sons and five daughters; died 4 September 1895; will proved 14 October 1895 (effects £39,618).
He lived at Southampton.
He died at Southampton, 13/15 March 1856 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 20 March 1856; his will was proved 11 April 1856. His widow died in Winchester, 12 July 1868 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 17 July 1868; her will was proved 11 September 1868 (effects under £3,000).

Atherley, George (1818-83). Only recorded son of George Atherley (d. 1856) of Southampton and his wife, born 31 October 1818. Educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1837). Partner in Atherley & Fall (later Maddison & Atherley), bankers, from 1843, and also in the Southampton & Hampshire Bank. JP and DL for Hampshire. Deputy Chairman of the Bishops Waltham Charity Trustees; President of the Bishops Waltham Reading Society. He married, 27 November 1851 at St Michael, Pimlico, London, Ellen (c.1831-82), second daughter of Arthur Frederick esq., and had issue:
(1) Evelyn George Hammond Atherley (1852-1935) (q.v.);

(2) Maud Elizabeth Atherley (1856-64), born 21 May 1856; died young, 26 October 1864.
He lived at Chilworth Manor near Romsey until he purchased Northbrook House, Bishop Waltham (Hants) with about 37 acres in the late 1850s.
He died at Southampton, 19 April 1883; his will was proved 18 July 1883 (effects £59,539). His wife died 31 December 1882.

Atherley, Maj. Evelyn George Hammond (1852-1935). Only recorded son of George Atherley of Northbrook House, Bishop Waltham (Hants) and his wife Ellen, second daughter of Arthur Frederick esq., born 9 September 1852. An officer in the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (Lt., 1875; Capt., 1883; Major, 1889; retired 1894); he played polo for his regiment and was part of the team which won the Hurlingham Champion Cup in 1876. He married, 11 February 1888, Helen (1864-1922), third daughter of Hugh Lindsay Antrobus of Lower Cheam House, Surrey, but had no issue.
He inherited Northbrook House from his father in 1883 but probably sold it soon afterwards. He later rented Coughton Court (Warks) (c.1901), Attingham Park (Shropshire) (c.1904), Hampton Court (Herefs) (c.1908) and Croft Castle (Herefs) (c.1922) for short periods, and had various addresses in London.
He died 15 February 1935; his will was proved 24 April 1935 (estate £228,012). His wife died in London, 22 November 1922; her will was proved 21 June 1923 (estate £14,900).


Sources


Burke's Landed Gentry, 1898, i, pp. 39-40; Burke's Landed Gentry, 1925, p. 46; Sir N. Pevsner & D. Lloyd, The buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, 1967, p. 109; D.W. Lloyd & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: The Isle of Wight, 2006, p. 269.


Location of archives


Atherley of Landguard Manor: deeds and papers, 1862-86 [Southampton Archives, D/MW Box 41]


Coat of arms


None recorded, although Arthur Atherley in the 18th century and Lt-Col. F.H. Atherley and his son in the early 20th century used the same arms as the Adderley family of Hams Hall, Barons Norton.


Can you help?


Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch.

  • Can anyone explain the descent of Landguard Manor from William Pike (1691-1777) to Arthur Atherley (1746-1820)? Did Atherley buy out the interests of others who were entitled to a share in the property?
  • Can anyone provide fuller information about the descent of Landguard Manor or Northbrook House in the 20th century after they were sold by the Atherley family?
  • Does anyone know what happened to Edward Geoffrey Pease (fl. 1925-29), the first husband of Isabel Eleanor Evelyn Atherley (1904-64)? I can find no record of his death, or of a divorce, before she remarried in 1946.



Revision and acknowledgements


This post was first published 21st August 2016.