Wednesday, 13 February 2019

(364) Bannerman and Campbell-Bannerman of Wyastone Leys, Hunton Court and Belmont Castle

Campbell-Bannerman
of Belmont Castle
Bannerman of Hunton Court
The Bannermans were a farming family from Perthshire who had an eye to commercial opportunities. William Bannerman (1732-1812) diversified from farming into distilling, and his son Henry Bannerman (1753-1823) did not fail to observe the rapid growth of the cotton industry in and around Manchester.  In about 1806 he sent his son David Bannerman (1785-1829) to set up a small warehouse operation in the city on an experimental basis, and finding after a couple of years that this was profitable, he determined to move south for a radical change of career. Most of his family went with him, although his eldest son remained in Scotland to farm and his two eldest daughters, who were already married, also stayed behind. Within a month he had rented a warehouse, and established a company with the name of Henry Bannerman & Sons, although initially his only partner seems to have been David, with the younger sons, Alexander, John, Henry and Andrew joining the firm as they became old enough. The new enterprise began trading in cotton, calicoes, muslins and plain fabrics, and soon diversified into manufacturing cotton goods.

When Henry died in 1823, he was succeeded as head of the firm by David, who managed the business until he died six years later. By the late 1820s the family were sufficiently well-established in commercial circles for David to be chosen as boroughreeve (the leading municipal officer) for 1828-29. After David's death, the business was continued by his younger brothers. Bannermans was by this time prospering and in the late 1830s the company moved to a huge warehouse in York Street which was right in the centre of the Manchester cotton trade. They also had four cotton mills in the Manchester area : Brunswick Mill in Ancoats, Old Hall Mill in Dukinfield and the North End Mill and River Meadow Mill, both in Stalybridge.

Of the four remaining sons of the founder, Andrew died in 1839 and Alexander in 1846, and in 1844 David's two sons were brought into the business. Henry Bannerman junior (1798-1871) retired in 1850 and moved to Kent, where he had invested his profits in the Hunton Court estate in the hop-growing district around Maidstone and extensively remodelled the house. A few years later, the last of the brothers, John Bannerman (1795-1870) made a similar move, buying Wyastone Leys in Herefordshire and largely rebuilding it to designs of William Burn and his assistant John MacVicar Anderson.

In the middle years of the 19th century the firm was run by David's son, James Alexander Bannerman (1821-1906), with his cousin William Young (whose mother had been a Bannerman). Young's daughter Marion married one of the managers in the business, Sir Charles Wright Macara (1845-1929), 1st bt., and he became the Chairman of the firm in 1880, and redirected its production into goods such as curtains, quilts, sheets, blankets and calicoes. Macara - whose baronetcy was a reward for his remarkable charitable work with the Royal National Lifeboat Institution - remained the chairman until his death, by which time the Lancashire cotton industry was dying. The First World War had made it difficult to import the vast quantities of raw cotton that had sustained the industry, and the Government had encouraged colonial administrations to build their own mills, which subsequently competed very effectively with the Lancashire industry. In 1929 the Bank of England was sufficiently concerned about the state of the industry to set up the Lancashire Cotton Corporation to co-ordinate the rescue of the industry, and Bannermans' mills were all taken over a few years later (and subsequently acquired by Courtaulds in 1964, who closed them in 1967), although the firm continued trading, latterly as Banner Textiles, until comparatively recently.

John Bannerman (1795-1870) left Wyastone Leys to his son, James Murray Bannerman (1846-1915), who also became a director of the family firm. Although he initially seems to have lived at Wyastone, he seems not to have been fond of the house, as he rented other houses (notably Bishopswood in Gloucestershire and Llwyn Onn Hall in Denbighshire) which he occupied instead. He died during the First World War when the Lancashire cotton industry had been plunged into crisis, and his executors sold Wyastone Leys in about 1918. His eldest son, Lt-Col. John Arthur Murray Bannerman (1881-1953) became a career soldier and had no involvement with the family firm, although his elder son, Alistair John Murray Bannerman (1914-2009) worked there in the 1950s and 1960s in a more prosaic interlude between his early career as an actor and his later work as the first National Events Officer for the National Trust. Colonel Bannerman's younger brother, Ronald Bannerman (1882-1958), was however chairman of the company in succession to Sir Charles Macara.

Henry Bannerman (1798-1871), who lived at Hunton Court in Kent from 1850 onwards, left that property to his wife for life, and then to his nephew, Henry Campbell, on condition that the latter took the additional name of Bannerman, a condition with which he reluctantly complied in 1872. Henry Campbell was the son of Sir James Campbell, kt., a Glasgow merchant and Lord Provost, and his wife Janet, who was one of the daughters of the first Henry Bannerman. By the time he received his legacy he had embarked on a political career which culminated in his leadership of the Liberal Party, 1899-1908, and his appointment as Prime Minister, 1905-08.
Gennings Park: the house as painted by M.A. Rooker, 1776.
He did not gain possession of Hunton Court until his aunt died in 1894, and in the meantime he seems to have bought another house close by, Gennings Park. which he used as an occasional residence between 1872 and 1888. He had always wanted a Scottish country seat, however, and in 1885 he invested much of his capital in buying 800 acres in Perthshire and the burned-out shell of a house called Belmont Castle, which he laid out a further £20,000 in restoring. Belmont became his favoured residence, and coupled with his busy life in London and regular annual forays to Europe (he and his wife liked to spend a month or six weeks at Marienbad and then to visit Paris), this may explain why he first rented and then sold Gennings Park before he gained possession of Hunton Court.

When Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman died in April 1908, a few days after leaving office as Prime Minister and while he was still living at 10 Downing St., he left his Scottish estate to a Campbell relative who was still a minor, and his Kentish estate to his first cousin once removed, James Campbell Bannerman (1857-1934). The Scottish property was quickly sold to Sir James Caird (1837-1916), 1st bt., the Dundee jute magnate, and in 1918 was presented by the latter's widowed sister to Dundee City Council. The house became a care home in 1931 and is currently empty and rather tragically unloved. Hunton Court, by contrast, continued to be occupied by the descendants of James Campbell Bannerman until 2008, when it was sold after the death of Capt. Michael Campbell Devas (1924-2007).


Wyastone Leys, Ganarew, Herefordshire


The first house on this site on the borders of Herefordshire and Monmouthshire (and thus of England and Wales) seems to have been built c.1795 for S.O. Attley, who had a fairly small property here. It was bought before 1817 by Richard Blakemore MP, ironmaster and partner of John Partridge, who built a country house nearby (Bishopswood in Gloucestershire) to the designs of Sir Jeffrey Wyatville at the same time as Blakemore remodelled and enlarged this house in the 1820s. It is therefore tempting to suggest that Wyatville might have been Blakemore's designer too, although there is no evidence to that effect and I have not found a record of the building at this time to form the basis for a stylistic judgement.

Perhaps more important than his work on the house was Blakemore's development of the estate and the grounds. He began by diverting a highway across his land in 1817 and took advantage of the turnpiking of the Ross-Monmouth road (now A40) in 1821 which allowed him to use the old line of the public road as a new drive to the house. According to Bradney's History of Monmouthshire, the creation of the park and gardens also required the clearing away of many cottages and smallholdings. The 1st edition OS map of 1831 shows pleasure grounds with drives, and he planted a bank of woodland to screen the house from the new road; a walled garden had been constructed by 1835. In 1833 the common called Little Doward east of the house was enclosed and Blakemore was able to develop a 320-acre deer park on this land, which was enclosed by a wall after 1842, and stocked with deer from Llantrithyd in Glamorganshire, where the deer park ceased to be maintained when the house was abandoned. In 1872 it was reported that 'the wooded park of The Leys [is] a scene of varied beauty which cannot easily be surpassed' and this is broadly still true.

Wyastone Leys: entrance front. Image: Martinevans123. Some rights reserved.
 In 1861 the executors of Blakemore's son sold the house to John Bannerman (d. 1870), a Manchester cotton manufacturer. He extensively rebuilt it in 1861-62, as a rather dull rendered three-storey block. Although the house was designed under the name of William Burn, Paul Bradley has discovered that it was actually a collaboration between the ageing Burn and his nephew and successor in practice, John Macvicar Anderson, who may actually have played the leading role. Although the strapwork motifs above the first-floor windows, the pinnacled parapets, Jacobean shaped gables and ogee-topped turrets are all elements drawn from Burn's stylistic repertoire, they do not combine into an integrated design, and appear rather as restless and superficial decorations applied to an obstinately lumpen block. Previous commentators have suggested that the quoins, sash windows and Doric porch might be survivals from the earlier house, but Dr. Bradley's researches show that the porch is certainly, and the other details are probably all part of the Burn-Anderson rebuilding. The west-facing entrance front has a four-storey clock tower in the angle with a short projecting wing that separates the main block from the service range. The south side, facing the river, is livelier, and has a canted two-storey bay window. At the same time as the house was being altered two rather good lodges, a new stable block (converted into a business park in 1976), kennels, park-keeper's lodge and a 'belvedere' close to the River Wye were also built.


Wyastone Leys: the south-facing garden front, as altered by William Burn. Image: Dawnswraig. Some rights reserved.

Wyastone Leys descended to James Murray Bannerman (1846-1913), who seems to have let the house at times after 1894. His family sold it after his death and it subsequently passed through a number of hands. During the ownership of 
Brig. Robert Peel Walker (1895-1978) after the Second World War, the house fell into disrepair, and it was in a fairly poor condition when he put it up for sale. The purchaser, in 1975, was Nimbus Records Ltd, who were one of the first firms manufacturing CDs in the UK and needed a base for their operations. They and associated companies still own the house, which is now largely used for offices. A 550-seat music concert venue was built in the grounds in 1992.

Descent: built c.1795 for S.O. Attley; sold to James? Meek; sold by 1817 to Richard Blakemore MP (1774-1855); to nephew, Thomas William Booker Blakemore (d. 1858); sold 1861 to John Bannerman (1795-1870); to son, James Murray Bannerman (1846-1915); sold after his death to Walter Levett (d. 1935); to widow (d. 1938); sold to Sir Alfred Edward Hickman (1885-1947), 2nd bt.; sold 1946 to Brig. Robert Peel Walker (1895-1978); sold 1975 to Nimbus Records. The house was let in the 1890s and 1900s.


Hunton Court, Kent

Hunton Court: engraving of 1838 showing the house before its enlargement for Henry Bannerman.

The house is now an irregular classical building, apparently 18th and 19th century in date, but this conceals a far earlier core, with a medieval (perhaps 13th century) cellar and the three bay crown-post roof of an unusually large 14th or 15th century hall. An engraving of 1838 shows that the exterior had by then been clad in classical form, but preserved what was essentially the medieval plan, with a hall range and cross-wing at the left-hand end; the corresponding wing at the right-hand side, if it ever existed, had been demolished by that date. 


Hunton Court: the house in 1960. Image: Peter Reid/Historic England.

After the house was bought by Henry Bannerman in c.1847, it was enlarged and remodelled, with the area in the angle between the hall and cross-wing being filled in to give the house a rectangular plan. The features of the entrance front - the central pediment, the canted bay windows, and the balustraded parapet -  are therefore of about 1848. At the same time, Bannerman refitted the interior with delicate plasterwork and painted decorative panels depicting classical scenes, foliage and flowers. The porch is probably an even later addition, as it looks late 19th century.

Descent: Thomas Turner Alkin (d. 1846); sold after his death to Henry Bannerman (1798-1871); to widow, Mary Bannerman (d. 1894) for life and then to nephew, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908); to nephew, James Campbell Bannerman (1857-1934); to widow, Frances Louisa Campbell-Bannerman (c.1863-1938); to daughter Joan (1888-1975), wife of Geoffrey Charles Devas (1887-1971); to son, Michael Campbell Devas (1924-2007); sold 2008...


Belmont Castle (formerly Kirkhill), Meigle, Perthshire



The house incorporates some remains of a tower house called Kirkhill of Meigle built in the 15th or 16th century for the Bishops of Dunkeld, which was a plain three or four storey square tower with shotholes. This forms the north-east corner of the harled and hipped-roofed south range, but no significant early features are now visible.


Design by Robert Adam for a house for James Stuart-Mackenzie, 1766. This design was not executed, but Belmont Castle as built appears to be a reduced version of the design, perhaps adapted by a local mason. Image: Soane Museum Adam Volume 37/62.


In the mid 18th century, James Stuart-Mackenzie inherited the estate, and embarked upon an ambitious building project, erecting a “fine mansion” which he named Belmont Castle. In the process the old tower house was absorbed and probably partly demolished. The new house echoed the military origins of its predecessor by adopting the castle style developed by Robert Adam, and Adam was apparently consulted, for drawings by him dated 1766 survive in the Soane Museum for a house designed for Stuart-Mackenzie. These proposed a much larger quadrangular building than was actually built at Belmont, but there is a marked resemblance between the centre of the Adam scheme and the south front of the house as executed. It is perhaps most likely that Adam's design was given to another, more local, architect as an indication of what was wanted, rather than that Adam was personally involved any further with the project.



Belmont Castle: the new house erected by James Stewart Mackenzie, from an engraving on James Stobie's Map of Perthshire & Clackmannan, 1783. Image: National Library of Scotland.


The house as built consisted of a two storey main range with a central three-storey section flanked by circular turrets, and with less regular wings running away behind. The date of the new house is not clear: John Gifford in his account of the house refers to 'a large addition' having been made by 1752, but the date of 1766 on the Adam drawings seems more realistic for the castle-style facade. Sadly, nothing seems to be recorded of the interior or of any subsequent alterations, except that a ballroom was added by the 2nd Lord Wharncliffe in about 1850.

Belmont Castle: the house from the south-west after rebuilding in 1885.
In 1884 a fire destroyed the south and east ranges of the house, although a large part of the west range was saved from the flames. Although the house was insured, Lord Wharncliffe decided not to rebuild it, and sold the ruined shell to Henry Campbell-Bannerman in 1885. He employed James Thomson (of Baird & Thomson, Glasgow) to repair and remodel the house, and to add a sizeable embattled extension on the north, in 1885-87. These alterations removed the subtlety of the Georgian medievalising in favour of a more vigorous Baronial treatment. The centrepiece of the south front was rebuilt with a new gabled attic and candle-snuffer roofs on the circular towers; bay windows were added; the crenellated parapet was replaced with a much chunkier Victorian one, and a new Jacobean-style porch was built on the east side. The interiors are now wholly of 1885. The groin-vaulted entrance hall leads into a very large top-lit living hall, with a French-influenced fireplace. The hall in turn provides access to the principal rooms: three drawing rooms to the south, decorated in 18th century French style; a dining room to the west, with decoration in a mixture of the Jacobean and neo-classical styles; a library to the east; and a richly decorated staircase hall to the north, containing an Imperial staircase with partly-gilded cast iron balusters under a coved ceiling.

The house and estate were gifted to the city of Dundee in 1918 and were leased by the civic authorities to the Church of Scotland for use as an 'eventide home' in 1931. Significant alterations were undertaken for the church by Allan & Friskin in 1931 to adapt it for its new use. The care home closed in 2013, and since then the house has stood empty, with the City Council rumoured to be considering selling the property. 


Descent: Sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh, Lord Advocate to Charles II; to daughter, Agnes, wife of James Stuart (d. 1710), later 1st earl of Bute; to son, James Stuart (d. 1722/3), 2nd Earl of Bute; to younger son, Hon. James Stuart-Mackenzie (1719-1800); to nephew, James Archibald Stuart-Wortley (later Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie) (1747–1818); to son, James Archibald Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie (later Stuart-Wortley) (1776-1845), 1st Baron Wharncliffe; to son, John Stuart-Wortley (1801-55), 2nd Baron Wharncliffe; to Edward Montagu Stuart Granville Stuart-Wortley (1827-99), 3rd Baron and later 1st Earl of Wharncliffe; sold 1885 to Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908); to niece-in-law, Alice Eliza Campbell until his great-nephew, James Hugh Campbell should attain the age of 25; sold 1913 to Sir James Caird (1837-1916), 1st bt.; to sister, Mrs Marryat, who gifted 1918 to city of Dundee. 



Bannerman family of Wyastone Leys


Bannerman, Henry (1753-1823). Only recorded son of William Bannerman (1732-1812), farmer and distiller, and his first wife, Janet Lawson, born at Tullibardine, 5 August 1753. Farmer at Tullibardine until 1808, when he followed his son David to Manchester and became a cotton goods retailer and manufacturer (Henry Bannerman & Sons) in partnership with his younger sons. He married, 21 July 1777 at St Ninian, Stirling (Stirlings), Janet Motherwell (c.1755-1830), and had issue:
(1) William Bannerman (b. 1778), born 4 May and baptised at Auchterarder (Perths.), 10 May 1778; apparently remained in Scotland as a farmer at Auchterarder;
(2) Amelia Bannerman (b. 1779), born at Auchterarder, 17 December 1779; married, 11 December 1808 at Trinity Gask (Perths), James Young, and had issue;
(3) Louisa Bannerman (1781-1844), born at Auchterarder, 28 September 1781; married, 19 August 1804 in Glasgow, Peter McLaren (1776-1817) of Glasgow, merchant, and had issue three sons and five daughters; said to have been buried at Dunblane (Perths), 19 June 1844;
(4) Marianne Bannerman (b. 1783), born at Tullibardine, 15 July 1783; married, 2 March 1811 at St Paul, Perth (Perths.), William Tindal of Perth, merchant;
(5) David Bannerman (1785-1829), born at Tullibardine, 5 June 1785; retailer and manufacturer of cotton goods at Manchester; chairman of Henry Bannerman & Sons, 1823-29; boroughreeve of Manchester, 1828-29; married, 9 June 1817 in Glasgow Mary Harrower (c.1796-1845), daughter of James Alexander, merchant, of Glasgow, and had issue three sons and three daughters (including James Alexander Bannerman, for whom see Bannerman & Campbell-Bannerman of Hunton Court below); buried at Rusholme Road Cemetery, 7 December 1829; will proved 22 January 1830;
(6) Isabella Bannerman (1787-1859), born at Tullibardine, 18 August 1787; married, 29 March 1812 at Kinnoull (Perths.), James McLaren (1775-1852), merchant in Glasgow, and had issue; died 10 December, and was buried at Pendlebury (Lancs), 16 December 1859;
(7) Elizabeth Bannerman (1789-1816), born at Tullibardine, 26 July 1789; married, 23 February 1814 at St John Deansgate, Manchester, John Fyffe (fl. 1835) (who m2, Sarah Sproule (c.1790-1818)), land agent to the Marquess of Abercorn, and had issue one son; died at Baronscourt (Tyrone), 6 April 1816 and was buried at Newtownstewart;
(8) Janet Bannerman (1791-1873), born at Tullibardine, 7 July 1791; married, 17 January 1822, Sir James Campbell (1790-1876) of Stracathro, Lord Provost of Glasgow, 1840-43, and had issue two sons and four daughters (including Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908), the future Prime Minister, for whom see Bannerman and Campbell-Bannerman of Hunton Court below); died 3 October 1873;
(9) Alexander Bannerman (1793-1846), born at Tullibardine, 18 June 1793; partner in Henry Bannerman & Sons and the Manchester Bank; lived at Didsbury (Lancs); died 15 June and was buried at Rusholme Road Cemetery, Manchester, 20 June 1846; will proved in PCY, October 1846 (effects under £50,000);
(10) John Bannerman (1795-1870) (q.v.);
(11) Henry Bannerman (1798-1871) [for whom see below, Bannerman & Campbell-Bannerman of Hunton Court and Belmont Castle]
(12) Andrew Bannerman (1800-39), born at Tullibardine, 21 July 1800; partner in Henry Bannerman & Sons; lived at Ramsdell House, Didsbury (Lancs); died 22 April 1839 and was buried with his parents at Rusholme Road Cemetery, Manchester; will proved 9 November 1839.
He lived in Tullibardine to c.1808, when he moved to Manchester.
He died of dropsy, 6 June 1823 and was buried at Rusholme Road Cemetery, Manchester. His widow died 24 March 1830 and was also buried at Rusholme Road Cemetery.

Bannerman, John (1795-1870). Only son of Henry Bannerman (c.1753-1825) and his wife Janet Motherwell, born at Tullibardine (Perths), 3 July 1795, and baptised at Blackford (Perths). Cotton manufacturer (Henry Bannerman & Sons) in Manchester; he expanded the business to the point where his obituarist described him as 'a merchant prince'. He married, 8 October 1829 at Manchester Collegiate Church (Lancs), Margaret (d. 1875), eldest daughter of James Burt of Chorlton House, Manchester, and had issue:
(1) Margaret Bannerman (1831-1901), born 15 October and baptised at Scotch Presbyterian Church, St Peter's Square, Manchester, 8 November 1831; married, 12 September 1850 at Salford Presbyteriam Church, Robert Smith of Kilcott, Godalming (Surrey) and had issue; died 28 February 1901; will proved 9 May 1901 (estate £7,236);
(2) Henry William Bannerman (1832-38), born 12 March and baptised at at Scotch Presbyterian Church, St Peter's Square, Manchester, 13 May 1832; died young, 24 January 1838;
(3) Jane Bannerman (1834-1915), born 23 December 1834 and baptised at Scotch Presbyterian Church, St Peter's Square, Manchester, 11 February 1835; died unmarried at 'Cloudlands', Torquay (Devon), 10 May 1915; will proved 21 August 1915 (estate £9,810);
(4) Marian Bannerman (1839-1931), born 3 June and baptised at Scotch Presbyterian Church, St. Peter's Square, Manchester, 3 July 1839; died unmarried aged 91 at Hove (Sussex), 16 January 1931; will proved 23 February 1931 (estate £2,280);
(5) Isabella Bannerman (c.1842-89); married, 9 June 1870 at Ganarew, Rev. Robert William Everett (1842-85), rector of Micheltroy (Monmouth); died in Florence (Italy), 22 November 1889; will proved 28 May 1890 (effects £16,614);
(6) Louisa Bannerman (1844-1925), born 28 February and baptised at Scotch Presbyterian Church, St Peter's Square, Manchester, 6 April 1844; lived at Plas Gwynant, Beddgelert (Caernarvons.); died unmarried, 20 September 1925; will proved 23 January 1926 (estate £21,589);
(7) James Murray Bannerman (1846-1915) (q.v.);
(87) Grace Marshall Bannerman (1849-1928), born Jul-Sep 1849; married, 7 September 1870 at Ganarew, John Hertslet Wainwright (1849-1927) of Belmont, Lee, Kent, barrister-at-law, and had issue three children; died 24 May 1928; will proved 28 June 1928 (estate £11,624).
He lived at Swinton Lodge (Lancs) and Wootton Lodge (Staffs) before purchasing Wyastone Leys (Herefs) in 1861 and remodelling the house in 1861-62.
He died 24 February 1870; his will was proved 22 August 1870 (effects under £120,000). His widow died 27 November 1875; her will was proved 16 February 1876 (effects under £7,000).

Bannerman, James Murray (1846-1915). Only son of John Bannerman (1795-1870) and his wife Margaret, eldest daughter of James Burt of Chorlton House, Manchester, born 30 September 1846. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1865; BA 1869) and Inner Temple (admitted 1869; called 1874). A director of Henry Bannerman & Sons of Altrincham (Lancs). An officer in the Royal Monmouthshire Engineer Militia (Capt); JP and DL for Monmouthshire and Herefordshire; High Sheriff of Monmouthshire, 1879. He married, 4 November 1880 at St Paul, Knightsbridge (Middx), Louisa Mary (1846-1935), daughter of Robert Wheeley of The Pentre, Abergavenny (Monmouths.), and had issue:
(1) John Arthur Murray Bannerman (1881-1953) (q.v.);
(2) Ronald Henry Wheeley Bannerman (1882-1958), born 13 December 1882; educated at Charterhouse School; Chairman of Henry Bannerman & Sons Ltd.; lived at Newton House, Alderley Edge and later at Archery House, Knutsford (both Cheshire); died unmarried, 14 December 1958; will proved 9 April 1959 (estate £100,692);
(3) Marion Grace (k/a May) Bannerman (1884-1972), born 3 April 1884; died unmarried at Hove (Sussex), 21 May 1972; will proved 10 August 1972 (estate £114,335);
(4) Robert Walter Malcolm Bannerman (1887-1941); fruit grower at Toddington (Glos); married, 15 July 1924 (sep. by 1935) at Ross-on-Wye (Herefs), Honor Delicia (1897-1997), youngest daughter of F. J. Constable Curtis of the Manor House, Ganarew; died at Upton-on-Severn (Worcs), 11 November 1941; will proved 27 February 1942 (estate £342);
(5) Dorothy Lilian Bannerman (1889-1978), born 5 January 1889; died unmarried at Hove, 28 October 1977; will proved 20 January 1978 (estate £119,113).
He inherited Wyastone Leys (Herefs) from his father in 1870, but seems to have preferred to live elsewhere: in 1895 he was renting Bishopswood, Ruardean (Glos) and towards the end of his life he leased Llwyn Onn Hall, Wrexham (Flints.). His executors relinquished the lease of Llwyn Onn and sold Wyastone Leys after his death.
He died 13 February 1915; administration of his goods (with will annexed) was granted 19 May 1915 (estate £61,677). His widow died at Hove (Sussex), 9 July 1935; her will was proved 21 October 1935 (estate 3,228).

Bannerman, John Arthur Murray (1881-1953). Eldest son of James Murray Bannerman (1846-1915) and his wife Louisa Mary, daughter of Robert Wheeley of The Pentre (Monmouths.), born 14 September 1881. An officer in Royal Warwickshire Regiment (2nd Lt., 1900; Lt., 1902; Capt., 1912; Maj., 1916; Lt-Col., 1926), he served in the First World War (wounded, 1916; awarded DSO, 1917); Assistant Quartermaster General, 1917. He married, 12 November 1913 at St Paul, Knightsbridge (Middx), Aline Mabel de Laune (1884-1950), daughter of David Ryrie of New South Wales (Australia), and had issue:
(1) Alastair John Murray Bannerman (1914-2009), born at Cranford Hall (Northants), 15 September 1914; educated at Wellington College and London Theatre Studio, 1935; actor in films, TV and classical theatre, 1939, 1947-49; served in Second World War with Royal Warwickshire Regiment (Capt.; prisoner of war, 1944-45); joined the family clothing business, Henry Bannerman & Sons (later Banner Textiles) in Altrincham in the 1950s (retired 1969); and then worked for the National Trust as National Events Organizer, 1973-84; married, Apr-Jun 1940, Elisabeth Mary (1915-2003), actress and dancer, only daughter of Rev. Francis William Gresley Douglas, of Salwarpe, Worcestershire, and had issue three sons; died aged 94, 6 February 2009; will proved 11 June 2009;
(2) David de Laune Bannerman (1917-2002), born 16 October 1917; designer; served in Royal Engineers in Second World War (Capt.); married, 29 April 1946 at St Paul, Knightsbridge (Middx), his first cousin, Sonia Isobel H. De Laune (1920-2002), daughter of Col. Bruce Ryrie of Nanyuki (Kenya), but had no issue; died 15 June 2002; will proved 2 December 2002.
He lived near Newbury (Berks).
He died in Newbury (Berks), 10 December 1953; will proved 12 March 1954 (estate £21,117). His wife died 12 November 1950; administration of her goods was granted 28 December 1950 (estate £1,047).


Bannerman and Campbell-Bannerman of Hunton Court and Belmont Castle



Bannerman, Henry (1798-1871). son of Henry Bannerman (1753-1823) and his wife Janet Motherwell, born at Tullibardine, 13 June 1798. Partner in Henry Bannerman & Sons until 1850, when he retired and moved to Kent to grow hops. High Sheriff of Kent, 1862-63. He married, 9 January 1834 in Glasgow, Mary (c.1807-94), daughter of John Wyld of Glasgow, banker, but had no issue.
He purchased Hunton Court (Kent) in about 1847 and remodelled it. At his death, he bequeathed it to his widow for life, with remainder to his nephew, Sir Henry Campbell MP, on condition that he took the additional name Bannerman.
He died 13 September and was buried at Hunton, 19 September 1871; will proved 14 December 1871 (effects under £120,000). His widow died 6 October 1894; her will was proved 14 August 1894 (effects £7,284).


Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908)
Campbell (later Campbell-Bannerman), Sir Henry (1836-1908). Younger son of Sir James Campbell (1796-1876), kt., and his wife Janet, daughter of Henry Bannerman (1753-1823) [for whom see above, under Bannerman of Wyastone Leys], born in Glasgow, 7 September 1836. Educated at Glasgow High School, and then after travelling in Europe for almost a year, at Glasgow University, 1851-53, and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1854; BA 1858; MA 1861; LLD). He joined his father's family drapery and warehousing business, becoming a director in 1860. He reluctantly took the additional name Bannerman in 1872 as a condition of receiving an inheritance from his uncle, Henry Bannerman, but hated his double-barrelled name and preferred to be called 'CB'. Although brought up in a Conservative family he was converted while at Cambridge to radical Liberal views, and he became Liberal MP for Stirling Boroughs, 1868-1908. His performance as a parliamentarian did not initially impress the House, but in Government he possessed a quiet authority and an efficiency in the dispatch of business which commended him to both his political masters and his civil servants. He was Financial Secretary to the War Office, 1871-79, 1880-82 and Secretary to the Admiralty, 1882-84, before being promoted to what was arguably the most challenging job in Government, as Chief Secretary for Ireland, 1884-85. Although he only held the appointment for seven months before the Liberal government fell, his handling of this sensitive and difficult role was the making of his career and transformed his reputation at Westminster. He supported Gladstone on Home Rule for Ireland, putting 'an end to agitation' above other political considerations. He was rewarded by being made a Cabinet minister as Secretary of State for War, 1886, 1892-95. In this role he oversaw a series of important military reforms, to achieve which he had to persuade the Queen's elderly cousin, the Duke of Cambridge, to resign as commander-in-chief. This he succeeded in doing in 1895, but at this precise moment the opposition censured him for providing insufficient small-arms ammunition and cordite for the Army, and he was forced to resign. Lord Rosebery chose to resign as Prime Minister rather than carry on in office without Campbell-Bannerman as a colleague. In the 1890s he tried twice to become Speaker of the House of Commons, believing this role would give him more time at home with his ailing wife than a ministerial post, but he could not be spared, and in 1899 he was elected Leader of the party. His first years as leader, against the background of the Conservative government's inept management of the Boer War and of tariff reform, were dominated by battles for Liberal party unity, and he eventually achieved a fragile consensus in 1904-05. He became Prime Minister in December 1905 when Balfour resigned, and immediately held a general election in which he secured a sweeping victory. A large Parliamentary majority gave Campbell-Bannerman the platform for a radical agenda, but although a number of important reform measures were successfully passed, some of his key initiatives - e.g. on Home Rule for Ireland, education, and temperance - were blocked by the House of Lords, laying the ground for his successor's emasculation of the upper house through the Parliament Act of 1911. Under the stresses of office and of his wife's illness and eventual death, his own health was failing. He suffered a series of minor heart attacks and then in November 1907 a more serious one. He struggled on for some months before being succeeded by Asquith on 4 April 1908. He was still resident in 10 Downing St. when he died two and a half weeks' later. He was knighted (GCB) in 1895 as part of Lord Rosebery's resignation honours list, but did not survive long enough to receive the peerage which was the traditional reward of retiring senior ministers. His death was marked not only by the respect of his opponent and the affection of his supporters, but by the intense reverence and sympathy of the general public; it is said that as his coffin was transported north for burial at Meigle, groups of railwaymen stood bare-headed at the railway side, paying silent tribute to a good man. He was a JP and DL for Kent and JP for Lanarkshire. He had an exceptionally close relationship with his wife, whom he married, 13 September 1860 at All Souls, Langham Place, London, (Sarah) Charlotte (1832-1906), daughter of General Sir Charles Bruce KCB, but they had no issue.
He lived chiefly in London, and travelled every year on the continent, staying at Marienbad for four to six weeks and visiting Paris. He inherited Hunton Court from his maternal uncle in 1871, subject to the life interest of the latter's widow. He seems to have bought Gennings Park nearby in about 1872 and in 1885 bought Belmont Castle, Meigle (Perthshire) with about 800 acres for £52,000 and restored it. He leased Gennings Park from 1888 and sold it to his tenant in 1890. He gained possession of Hunton Court on the death of his aunt in 1894.
He died in 10 Downing St., 22 April 1908 and was buried with his wife at Meigle, 28 April 1908; his will was proved 2 November 1908 (estate £54,908, excluding Scottish real estate). His wife died at Marienbad (Germany), 30 August 1906 and was buried at Meigle; administration of her goods was granted to her husband, 28 November 1906 (effects £1,365).

Bannerman, James Alexander (1821-1906). Eldest son of David Bannerman (1785-1829) of Manchester and his wife Mary Harrower, daughter of James Alexander of Glasgow, merchant, born 21 July and baptised at Lloyd St. Scotch Presbyterian Church, Manchester, 20 September 1821. Cotton spinner and wholesaler; partner in Henry Bannerman & Sons from 1844; director of the Consolidated Bank Ltd. from 1864 (Chairman); he retired from business after 1894. He was one of the founders of Manchester Golf Club and also took a keen interest in cricket and football. He married, 9 October 1855, at Blythswood (Lanarks.), his cousin Louisa (1833-73), daughter of Sir James Campbell, kt., and had issue:
(1) James Campbell Bannerman (1857-1934) (q.v.);
(2) Mary Isabella Bannerman (1859-1927), born Oct-Dec 1859; married 30 January 1884 at Prestwich (Lancs), Samuel Armitage Bennett (1856-1940) of Moat Lodge, Beckenham (Kent), son of John Marsland Bennett of Manchester, and had issue two sons and three daughters; died 17 March 1927; will proved 4 June 1927 (estate £6,695).
He lived at Bent Hill, Prestwich, Manchester until his retirement in 1898, and then moved to Alderley Edge (Cheshire).
He died at Alderley Edge, 28 December 1906; no will has been found for him. His wife died at Newton Abbot (Devon), 12 April 1873.

Bannerman, James Campbell (1857-1934). Only son of James Alexander Bannerman (1821-1906) and his wife Louisa, daughter of Sir James Campbell, kt., of Manchester, born 16 October 1857. Educated at Harrow, Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1876) and Inner Temple (admitted 1877). JP for Kent. He married, 6 November 1883 at Christ Church, Albany St., London, Frances Louisa (c.1863-1938), only daughter of Henry Joy of Dublin, esq., and had issue:
(1) Joan Bannerman (1888-1975) (q.v.).
He inherited Hunton Court from his great-uncle, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, in 1908. At his death it passed to his daughter and her husband.
He died 14 November 1934; his will was proved 22 February 1935 (estate £79,233). His widow died 24 February 1938; her will was proved 16 May 1938 (estate £16,402).

Bannerman, Joan Campbell (1888-1975). Only child of James Campbell Bannerman (1857-1934) and his wife Frances Louisa, only daughter of Henry Joy of Dublin, esq., born 17 July amd baptised at St Mary, Bryanston Sq., London, 23 August 1888. She married, Jul-Sep 1916, Capt. Geoffrey Charles Devas MC (1887-1971) of Hartfield, Hayes (Kent), and had issue:
(1) Anne Rachel Devas (1920-2012), born Jan-Mar 1920; married, 18 May 1946 at Hunton, William Herbrand Sackville (1921-88), 10th Earl de la Warre, and had issue two sons and one daughter; died 9 May 2012;
(2) Capt. Michael Campbell Devas (1924-2007), born 6 June 1924; served in Second World War with Welsh Guards (Capt.); awarded MC, 1945; merchant banker and company director; a director of the Chatham Historic Dockyard Trust, 1992-97; married 1st, 1952 (div., 1967), Patience Merryday, daughter of Sir Albert Gerald Stern, and had issue one son and one daughter; married 2nd, 1967, Gillian Barbara Hewitt, formerly wife of Charles Arthur Smith-Bingham (1931-2003); died 4 May 2007; will proved 7 December 2007.
She inherited Hunton Court from her father in 1934, subject to her mother's life interest, and came into possession in 1938. At her death it passed to her son, and was sold after his death.
She died 26 July 1975; her will was proved 2 October 1975 (estate £25,418). Her husband died 29 July 1971; his will was proved 2 November 1971 (estate £42,660).



Sources


Burke's Landed Gentry, 1925, p. 75; D. Whitehead, A survey of historic parks and garden in Herefordshire, 2001, pp. 418-20; J. Gifford, The buildings of Scotland: Perth and Kinross, 2007, pp. 193-95; A. Brooks & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Herefordshire, 2nd edn., 2012, pp. 242-43; J. Newman, The buildings of England: Kent - West and the Weald, 4th edn, 2012, p. 314; ODNB entry for Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman; personal communication from Dr. Paul Bradley.


Location of archives


Campbell-Bannerman, Sir Henry (1836-1908), kt.: correspondence and papers, 1855-1908 [British Library, Add MSS 41206-52, 52512-21]


Coat of arms


Campbell-Bannerman: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, per pale Gules and Sable a Banner displayed bendways Argent thereon a Canton Azure charged with a Saltire of the Third (for Bannerman); 2nd and 3rd, Gyronny of eight Or and Sable on a Chief engrailed Argent a Galley her oars in action between two Hunting Horns stringed all of the Second (for Campbell of Belmont).


Can you help?


  • I should also be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated. 
  • As always, any additions or corrections to the account given above will be gratefully received and incorporated.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 13 February 2019.

Wednesday, 6 February 2019

(363) Bannerman of Elsick and Crimonmogate, baronets

Bannerman of Elsick
According to tradition, this family derived their name from the hereditary office of being standard-bearers to the Kings of Scotland, an office which they lost after being accused of cowardice on the battlefield by King Malcolm III (or King Alexander I - versions of the story vary) in the 11th century. However this sounds like a story based on the associations suggested by the name which both imparts a desirable antiquity to the lineage and explains away the awkward fact that another family - the Scrymgeours - held the office of standard-bearer from at least 1384. The first Bannerman of whom any authentic historical record is known was in fact Donald Bannerman, one of the King David II's doctors in 1364, who had a grant of lands at Waterton (Aberdeens.) and elsewhere in 1368. His son, Alexander Bannerman (fl. 1387), had a charter of Elsick (Kincardines.) in 1387, and thereafter his descendants held both estates until Alexander Bannerman (d. c.1638), with whom the genealogy below begins, sold Waterton to the family of his first wife in 1611. Thereafter, the Bannermans were settled at Elsick only. 

Alexander Bannerman (d. c.1638) was succeeded by his son Alexander Bannerman (d. c.1666), who was a constant supporter of the Royalist cause during the Civil War, and whose estates were sequestrated until 1652. Little is known about his part in the war, but his sufferings were sufficiently remembered for Charles II to grant his son, Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1711), a baronetcy in 1682. Sir Alexander's brother, George Bannerman (d. 1691) was an advocate, and was also rewarded by being made one of two solicitors to the King in 1683. The family were thus closely identified with the Stuart cause, and seem to have found it difficult to reconcile themselves to the removal of King James II and his replacement by King William III and Queen Mary II in 1688-89. Another brother, the Rev. Robert Bannerman (d. 1719), who was minister of Newton and Woomet, was swiftly deprived for refusing to pray for the new king, and was obliged to take up a new career as a merchant in Edinburgh. There seems little doubt that Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1742), 2nd bt. had Jacobite sympathies, but I have not found clear evidence that he took up arms during the 1715 rebellion. His brother Patrick Bannerman (1678-1733) was, however, more actively involved, being appointed Provost of Aberdeen in 1714 as part of a Jacobite putsch of the city council. In 1715 he welcomed the Pretender to Scotland and was knighted on that occasion, although his knighthood was not recognised outside Jacobite circles. Following the failure of the rebellion, he was removed from office in Aberdeen, but he seems to have continued to operate as a merchant in the city and it is not clear that he suffered any further penalty.

Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1747), 3rd bt., was active in the 1745 rebellion, when he raised around 160 men for the Jacobite army and fought at Culloden. He is said to have fled from the battle to Elsick, where he was surprised and nearly captured by Hanoverian troops sent to arrest him, but he managed to hide from them and escape to France, where he died the following year. In his absence, Sir Alexander was named in a bill of attainder, but he died before his estates could be seized. His property and his debts devolved upon his teenage son, Sir Alexander Bannerman (c.1731-73), 4th bt., who was eventually pressured into selling Elsick in about 1754, retreating to his mother's estate at East Harlsey in the North Riding of Yorkshire, where he died without surviving sons in 1773. His title then passed to his brother, Sir Edward Trotter Bannerman (d. 1796), 5th bt., who was a Major in the army until his retirement in 1780, and who was unmarried and without issue.

On the death of Sir Edward in 1796, the baronetcy passed to his kinsman, Professor Sir Alexander Bannerman (1741-1813), 6th bt. who was a grandson of Patrick Bannerman, the Jacobite Provost of Aberdeen and thus a great-grandson of the 1st baronet. The 6th baronet was a doctor in Aberdeen, and from 1793 professor of medicine at the University there, but his father and grandfather had been prosperous wine merchants in the city. He came into modest landed property at Kirkhill through his mother's family in 1777, and for a time took the name Burnett in recognition of this inheritance, but he reverted to Bannerman on inheriting the baronetcy. His eldest son, Thomas Bannerman, went to work for a London merchant house trading with China and India, and died in China at the age of 21, so when the Professor died in 1813 his property devolved on his oldest surviving son, Sir Alexander Bannerman (1769-1840), 7th bt., who may have been a merchant in Aberdeen. He left a substantial estate, but had no children, and when he died he left a complex and unusual will dividing his property among his relatives, the interpretation of which occupied the lawyers for four years before a final decision was made by the Court of Session in 1844.

The heir to the 7th baronet's title was his younger brother, Sir Charles Bannerman (1782-1851), 8th bt., who was explicitly excluded from the 7th baronet's will on the grounds that he was already much richer than his brother. This seems to have been less the result of his mysterious early career as a 'manufacturer' in Aberdeen, than of his inheritance in 1820 of the Crimonmogate estate and personal property of his cousin Patrick Milne. At the time of his inheritance, Milne had recently commissioned plans from the leading local architect, Archibald Simpson, for the erection of a new house at Crimonmogate, and Bannerman decided to proceed with the scheme, building the house which exists in altered form today. His son, Sir Archibald Bannerman (1823-77), 9th bt. inherited the house and enlarged it by building an attic storey concealed within a mansard roof. He also bought back part of the Elsick estate in Kincardineshire, sold by the 4th baronet in 1754, and enlarged this house too. Ironically, Sir Archibald had no son to succeed him, so on his death the baronetcy and the estates were again separated - the title passing to his cousin, Sir George Bannerman (1827-1901), 10th bt., while the estate passed to his daughter, later the Countess of Southesk. Her descendant, the 4th Duke of Fife, owns Elsick today, but Crimonmogate was sold out of the family in 1996. The Bannerman baronetcy still exists, being now held by a descendant of the youngest brother of the 6th baronet.



Elsick House, Kincardineshire


Elsick House: the rear (south elevation) contains walling from the house of the Bannermans.
Image: Anne Burgess. Some rights reserved.

The site of a fortified house built for Bannermans after they acquired the land in 1387, and perhaps altered or rebuilt after this became their sole estate in 1611. Only the thick masonry of the south wall and a resited 17th century doorway survive from this building, which was otherwise entirely rebuilt after a fire in 1754. The present house is a long low two-storeyed building consisting of the house of 1754 and a late 19th century cross-wing with single-storey canted bays and dormer windows breaking through the eaves line. The pedimented porch was built by Walker & Duncan in 1937. The house was restored and extended to the west by Thomson, Taylor, Craig and Donald in 1968-74, and is now marketed as a wedding venue. 


Elsick House: the house as rebuilt in 1754, with the porch added in 1937 and the late 19th century east wing on the left. Image: Elsick House.

Descent: Alexander Bannerman (d. c.1638); to son, Alexander Bannerman (d. c.1666); to son, Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1711), 1st bt; to son, Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1742), 2nd bt.; to Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1747), 3rd bt.; to son, Sir Alexander Bannerman (c.1731-73), 4th bt. who sold 1754 to Master & Brethren of Aberdeen Guild Hospital...James Monson, who sold 1775... sold to Sir Alexander Bannerman (1823-77), 9th bt.; to daughter, Ethel Mary Elizabeth (d. 1947), wife of Charles Noel Carnegie (1854-1941), 10th Earl of Southesk; to son, Charles Alexander Carnegie (1893-1992), 11th Earl of Southesk; to son, James George Alexander Bannerman Carnegie (1929-2015), 3rd Duke of Fife; to son, David Charles Carnegie, 4th Duke of Fife.


Crimonmogate House, Lonmay, Aberdeenshire


A Greek Revival house designed by Archibald Simpson for Patrick Milne (d. 1820), who made a fortune as a merchant trading with India and China, but Milne died before work began and it was built for his heir, Sir Charles Bannerman, 8th bt. It replaced an earlier three bay, three storey house of c.1760, parts of which are perhaps incorporated at the rear of the building. 


Crimonmogate House: an early photograph by Sir Alexander Bannerman, showing the house as first built.

The south-facing entrance front consists of a massive Greek Doric hexastyle portico projecting between two-storey end bays, executed in Kemnay granite. The hardness of this stone encouraged the architect to rely for his effect on the proportions of the design and the boldness of the forms, for there is almost no superficial decoration: the columns are unfluted, the entablature has no ornament, and the pediment has no sculpture. Under the portico, the central doorway and flanking windows have no architraves. The source of the design is thought to be Sir Robert Smirke's County Buildings, Perth, built in 1815-19, where there is a similar portico, originally carved for Broomhall (Fife). The six bay side elevations of the house are even plainer than the entrance front: the east side, behind which lie the principal reception rooms, is enlivened by a central bow, but the west side has a less successful two-bay projecting centre rising to a blank panel above the parapet. At the rear, there is an open service court. 


Crimonmogate House: the entrance front as altered in 1864. Photographed in 2013 by Sagaciousphil. Some rights reserved.

The roofs were originally shallow-pitched with low coped chimneystacks, but were replaced in 1864 with mansard roofs with richly detailed round-headed dormers that are uncomfortably juxtaposed with the spareness and horizontality of the original design. At the same time as the roofs were altered, the house was extended to the north to provide space for a new dining room-cum-ballroom and additional service accommodation.

Inside, the planning of the house is elegantly simple. The portico leads into a grand double-height entrance hall in the form of a cube, with the walls articulated by fluted pilasters that have only vestigial capitals, and a coffered ceiling with a shallow central cupola. This opens on the east and west sides into corridors which provide access respectively to the principal reception rooms and the private apartments. The reception rooms were originally a drawing room, morning room (behind the bow) and dining room, but after the additions of 1864 the original dining room was refurnished as a library. A large billiard room lay immediately behind the hall. The main stair, which is squeezed into a modest space, has very fine cast iron balusters.

The building programme continued after 1825 with the estate buildings. The octagonal dovecote, and the seven bay, one and a half storey stable block to the west, are survivals from the mid 18th century house, but the stables were remodelled and extended to the east by Simpson, c.1825. One of the first things to be built was the chunky obelisk east of the house, which commemorates Patrick Milne and was designed c.1821. Also by Simpson are the game larder, laundry, octagonal dairy, corn mill (and mill house), a bridge over the Logie Burn, and the two gate lodges, to the west and south-east of the house. The walled garden, south-west of the house, was not completed until about 1840.

The house fell into decay during the 20th century and was restored for Christopher Monckton after he bought it in 1996, with further work being done by the current owners. The house was operated for some years as a wedding and events venue, but this use has now ceased. It appears that some of the estate buildings are being converted into an hotel and restaurant.

Descent: John Hay (d. 1704), 12th Earl of Erroll; to son, Charles Hay (d. 1717), 13th Earl of Erroll; to sister, Mary Hay, 14th Countess of Erroll, who sold in 1730s to Abernethy family; sold to Alexander Milne, Aberdeen merchant; to son, Patrick Milne (d. 1820); to first cousin once removed, Sir Charles Bannerman (1782-1851), 8th bt.; to son, Sir Alexander Bannerman (1823-77), 9th bt.; to daughter, Ethel Mary Elizabeth (c.1869-1947), later the wife of Charles Noel Carnegie (1854-1941), 10th Earl of Southesk; to younger son, Cmdr. the Hon. Alexander Carnegie (1894-1989); to son, Maj. Raymond Alexander Carnegie (1920-99), second husband of Diana Hay (1926-78), 23rd Countess of Erroll; gifted to sonthe Hon. Jocelyn Jacek Alexander Bannerman Carnegie (b. 1966), who sold 1996 to Christopher Monckton; sold 2001 to William Stanhope (b. 1967), Viscount Petersham and his wife, Candida Bond.


Bannerman family of Elsick, baronets



Bannerman, Alexander (d. by 1638). Only recorded son of George Bannerman (d. c.1608) of Waterton and his wife Elizabeth, apparently the daughter of John Johnstone of Caskieben. He married 1st, Margaret, daughter of William Forbes of Tolquhoun and 2nd, Marjory*, daughter of Sir John Leslie of Wardis, 2nd bt., and had issue:
(1.1) Alexander Bannerman (d. c.1666) (q.v.).
He inherited the Elsick estate from his father c.1608. In 1611 he was styled 'late of Wattertoun and now of Elsick'.
He died in or before 1638. His first wife's date of death is unknown. His widow married 2nd, Sir John Fletcher, advocate of New Cranston; her date of death is unknown.
*Some accounts give her name as Elizabeth.

Bannerman, Alexander (d. c.1666). Only recorded child of Alexander Bannerman and his first wife, Margaret, daughter of William Forbes of Tolquhon. He fought a duel with, and wounded, his cousin Sir John Gordon of Haddo in 1644. His estates were sequestrated following the Civil War but the sequestration was discharged in 1652. He married, May 1633, Marion, eldest daughter of Alexander Hamilton of East Binning (West Lothian) and had issue:
(1) Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1711), 1st bt. (q.v.);
(2) Rev. Robert Bannerman (d. 1719); educated at Edinburgh University (MA 1675); minister of Newton and Woomet (deprived for refusing to pray for King William and Queen Mary, 1689); afterwards a merchant in Edinburgh by 1694; burgess of Edinburgh in right of his wife, 1697; married Margaret (d. 1725), daughter of Sir Mark Carse of Cockpen, and had issue five sons and one daughter; died 24 January 1719;
(2) George Bannerman (d. 1691), of Dunboig (which he acquired in 1687); educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen (MA 1659); admitted advocate, 1671 and re-admitted 1676; chamberlain of Fife, 1682-91; solicitor to King Charles II, 1683-85; married Elizabeth, daughter of Laurence Oliphant of Bachilton (Perths.) (who m2, Henry Balfour of Dunboig), but had no issue; buried at Greyfriars, Edinburgh, 20 March 1690/1;
(4) William Bannerman (fl. 1661); apprenticed to George Jaffray of Edinburgh, merchant, 1661;
(5) John Bannerman (fl. 1715); apprenticed to William Patton of Edinburgh, merchant, 10 March 1669, but was afterwards an officer in the Earl of Orkney's royal regiment of foot (Capt.);
(6) Mary Bannerman; married George Leslie (fl. 1666) of Findrassie, but had no issue;
(7) Margaret Bannerman; married Sir Alexander Keith (d. c.1680), 2nd bt., of Ludquhairn, and had issue one son and one daughter;
(8) Elizabeth Bannerman; married, 11 September 1670 at Edinburgh, James Reid of Northbrae, son of William Reid, bailie of Edinburgh, and had issue.
He inherited the Elsick estate from his father and had a charter of Pitmedden (Kincardines.) in 1641. His estates were sequestrated following the Civil War but the sequestration was discharged in 1652.
He died about 1666. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Bannerman, Sir Alexander (d. 1711), 1st bt. Eldest son of Alexander Bannerman (d. c.1666) and his wife Marion, eldest daughter of Alexander Hamilton of East Binning (West Lothian). He registered his coat of arms with Lord Lyon about 1672, and added supporters in 1692, having been created a baronet, 28 December 1682, in recognition of "his constant loyalty during the rebellion and the heavy calamities he [but really his father] suffered on that account". He married, 1670 (contract 15 February), Margaret, second daughter of Patrick Scott of Thirlestaine (Selkirks.), and had issue:
(1) Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1742), 2nd bt. (q.v.);
(2) George Bannerman (fl. 1692); attended Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1688-92; died unmarried;
(3) Sir Patrick Bannerman (1678-1733), kt. (q.v.);
(4) Isabella Bannerman (fl. 1692); married, 1692 (contract 3 November), John Scott MP (1671-1732) of Logie and Castlested (Angus), son of James Scott of Logie, and had issue three sons and six daughters.
He inherited the Elsick estate from his father in about 1666 and Dunboig from his younger brother in 1691. He sold Dunboig to Maj. Henry Balfour of Starr, 1694.
He died 11 April 1711. His wife was living in 1691.

Bannerman, Sir Alexander (d. 1742), 2nd bt. Eldest son of Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1711), 1st bt., and his wife Margaret, second daughter of Patrick Scott of Thirlestaine, born c.1670-75. Educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1688-92. He succeeded his father as 2nd bt., 11 April 1711, but accumulated enormous debts (totalling £35,413 by 1737). He married, 1699, Isabella (d. 1743), daughter of Sir Donald Macdonald of Sleat, 3rd bt. and had issue:
(1) Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1747), 3rd bt.;
(2) Isabel Bannerman (d. 1777); married John Hope (1707-80) of Edinburgh, merchant, second son of Sir Thomas Hope, 8th bt. of Craighall, and had issue five sons and three daughters; died 24 April 1777;
(3) Margaret Bannerman; married, before 1737, Peter? Turnbull of Stracathro (Angus);
(4) A daughter.
He inherited the Elsick estate from his father in 1711. 
He died 31 January 1742. His widow died 31 August 1743.

Bannerman, Sir Alexander (d. 1747), 3rd bt. Only son of Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1742), 2nd bt., and his wife Isabella, daughter of Sir Donald Macdonald of Sleat, 3rd bt, born c.1700-05.  He succeeded his father as 3rd bt., 31 January 1742. He pledged his support for the 1745 uprising soon after the battle of Prestonpans, and was appointed Lord Lieutenant of the Mearns, 1745-46; he then led a small regiment of 160 men to join the Jacobite army at Stirling, and fought in the second line of battle at Culloden, 1746, after which he fled to France; he was one of the forty-four Jacobite commanders named in a bill of attainder, 1746. He married, 5 September 1728 at Kirby Sigston (Yorks NR), Isabella Trotter, heiress of the Trotter family of East Harlsey (Yorks NR), and had issue*:
(1) Alexander Bannerman (b. & d. 1729), baptised at East Harlsey, 19 August 1729; died in infancy and was buried at East Harlsey, 19 December 1729;
(2) Eleanor Bannerman (b. 1730), baptised at Northallerton, 2 August 1730; died in infancy and was buried at Kirby Sigston, August 1730;
(3) Sir Alexander Bannerman (c.1731-73), 4th bt. (q.v.);
(4) Sir Edward Trotter Bannerman (d. 1796), 5th bt. (q.v.).
He inherited the Elsick estate from his father in 1742.
He died in Paris in about June 1747. His wife's date of death is unknown.
* Some sources record an additional daughter, Isabella, but I have found no clear evidence of her existence.

Bannerman, Sir Alexander (c.1731-73), 4th bt. Elder son of Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1747), 3rd bt. and his wife Isabella, heiress of the Trotter family of East Harlsey (Yorks NR), born about 1731. He succeeded his father as 4th baronet, about June 1747. He married, 8 May 1764 at Brompton by Northallerton (Yorks NR), Elizabeth (1740-1812), daughter of Marmaduke Sedgewick, and had issue:
(1) Alexander Bannerman (b. & d. 1765), baptised at East Harlsey, 24 May 1765; died in infancy and was buried at East Harlsey, 27 May 1765;
(2) Elizabeth Bannerman (1766-1844), of Strachan, born 7 April and baptised at East Harlsey, 24 April 1766; married, 8 October 1782 at East Harlsey, Sir Alexander Burnett (later Ramsay) (1757-1810) of Balmain, 1st bt., advocate, son of Sir Thomas Burnett of Leys, 6th bt., and had issue nine sons and two daughters; died at Edinburgh, 11 December 1844;
(3) Mary Bannerman (1767-1838), born 30 August and baptised at East Harlsey, 1 September 1767; married, 27 January 1784 at Edinburgh, Francis Russell (d. 1806) of Blackhall (Kincardines.), advocate, and had issue one daughter; died at Finzean (the seat of her son-in-law), Kincardine O'Neil (Aberdeens.), 1 February 1838.
He inherited the Elsick estate from his father in 1747, but after being involved in lawsuits and threatened  with forfeiture following the 1745 rebellion, he sold it to Aberdeen Corporation.
He died 13 June, and was buried at East Harlsey near Northallerton (Yorks NR), 17 June 1773. His widow died at Montrose, 16 May 1812.

Bannerman, Sir Edward Trotter (d. 1796), 5th bt. Younger son of Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1747), 3rd bt. and his wife Isabella, heiress of the Trotter family of East Harlsey (Yorks NR). An officer in the army (Capt-Lt.; Capt., 1764; Major 1778; retired 1780). He succeeded his brother as 5th baronet, 13 June 1773. He was unmarried and without issue.
He died at Kincardine Lodge, 1 October 1796, when the baronetcy passed to his second cousin, Sir Alexander Bannerman, 6th bt; his will was confirmed 28 January 1797. 

Bannerman, (Sir) Patrick (1678-1733), kt. Third son of Sir Alexander Bannerman (d. 1711), 1st bt., and his wife Margaret, second daughter of Patrick Scott of Thirlestaine, born 23 February 1678. Apprenticed to John Hay of Edinburgh, merchant, 31 January 1694. Merchant in Aberdeen; Provost of Aberdeen, 1714-15. A Jacobite in politics, he welcomed the Old Pretender on his landing in Scotland and was knighted by him. He was subsequently arrested by the Hanoverian authorities and imprisoned at Carlisle, but escaped to France, although he seems to have returned within a few months. He married, 18 April 1714 at Edinburgh, Margaret (1683-1750), daughter of Sir Charles Maitland of Pitrichie (Aberdeens.), and had issue:
(1) Alexander Bannerman (1715-82) (q.v.);

(2) Jean Bannerman (1718-88?), baptised at Aberdeen, 19 March 1718; declared to have been insane since 1746 and placed in the care of her elder brother, 3 July 1755; probably the lady of this name buried at New Machar, 6 May 1788;
(3) Charles Bannerman (1719-46), baptised at Aberdeen, 10 October 1719; apprenticed to George Chalmers WS; admitted to Society of Writers to the Signet, 5 July 1742; died unmarried and without issue at Edinburgh, 6 February 1746; will confirmed 17 July 1750;
(4) Clementina Bannerman (1721-87), baptised at Aberdeen, 5 September 1721; died unmarried, June 1787, and was buried at St Nicholas, Aberdeen;
(5) Margaret Bannerman (1723-88), baptised at Aberdeen, 24 August 1723; married, 1752 (contract 7 July) Alexander Milne of Aberdeen, merchant, and had issue (including Patrick Milne (d. c.1820), who bequeathed Crimonmogate to Sir Charles Bannerman, 8th bt.); died April 1788 and was buried at St Nicholas, Aberdeen.
He lived in Aberdeen.
He died 4 June 1733. His widow died at Aberdeen, 31 October 1750 and was buried at St Nicholas, Aberdeen.

Bannerman, Alexander (1715-82). Elder son of (Sir) Patrick Bannerman (d. 1733) and his wife Margaret, daughter of Sir Charles Maitland of Pitrichie, baptised at Aberdeen, 13 September 1715. A wine and spirit merchant in Aberdeen. He married, 1737, Margaret (1719-96), eldest daughter and heir of Thomas Burnett of Kirkhill, and had issue:
(1) Patrick Bannerman (b. 1739), baptised at Aberdeen, 9 April 1739; probably died young;
(2) Sir Alexander Bannerman (later Burnett then Bannerman) (1741-1813), 6th bt. (q.v.);
(3) Thomas Bannerman (1743-1820), baptised at Aberdeen, 19 May 1743; successful wine merchant in Aberdeen; a director of the Aberdeen Banking Company; married, 29 April 1779 at Aberdeen, Jean (1753-1817), daughter of George Simpson of Hazelhead and had issue five sons (from whom descended the 10th and 11th baronets) and one daughter; died 4 January 1820; will confirmed 8 February 1821;
(4) Mordaunt Bannerman (1746-66?), baptised at Aberdeen, 1 May 1746; possibly the person of this name who was buried at Minster (Kent), 9 October 1766;
(5) Anne Bannerman (1747-72), born 14 November and baptised at Aberdeen, 23 November 1747; married, 1767, Alexander Garioch (1742-1802) of Aberdeen and had issue one son and one daughter; died August 1772;
(6) Charles Bannerman (1750-1813), baptised at Aberdeen, 7 June 1850; educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen (MA 1767); apprenticed to William Thom; admitted advocate, 1776; practiced in Aberdeen in partnership with James Blaikie (Bannerman & Blaikie); joint Commissary Depute; director of Aberdeen Banking Company; guild burgess of Aberdeen from 1788; one of the assessors to the Rector of King's College, Aberdeen, 1798-1806; an officer in Royal Aberdeen Volunteers (Maj., 1806); a member of the Society of Advocates in Aberdeen, 1776-1813 (Treasurer, 1784-86; President, 1798-1800); married, 6 January 1785 at Aberdeen, Margaret (d. 1836), daughter of Patrick Wilson, formerly collector of customs on the island of St. Kitts, and had issue six sons (from whom descend the 12th and later baronets) and six daughters; died at Aberdeen, 24 September 1813.
He lived at Frendraught and later in Aberdeen. In 1748 he inherited part of the considerable property of Dr Charles Maitland of Aberdeen, physician.
He died in Aberdeeen, 27 June 1782. His widow died 31 August 1796.

Bannerman (later Burnett then Bannerman), Sir Alexander (1741-1813), 6th bt. Eldest son of Alexander Bannerman (1715-82) and his wife Margaret, daughter of Thomas Burnett of Kirkhill, baptised at Aberdeen, 22 December 1741. Educated at Aberdeen University (MD). A well-known physician in Aberdeen; Professor of Medicine at the University of Aberdeen, 1793-1813 (jointly with his third son from 1797). He took the name Burnett in lieu of Bannerman on inheriting the property of his mother's family at Kirkhill in 1777, but reverted to Bannerman in 1796 on inheriting the family baronetcy from his second cousin, 1 October 1796. He married, 25 January 1768 at Aberdeen, Mary, daughter of James Gordon of Banchory and sister and heir of Thomas Gordon of Heathcot, and had issue including:
(1) Thomas Bannerman (1768-89), baptised at Aberdeen, 19 November 1768; merchant in China; died unmarried in China in or about December 1789; will proved in PCC, 27 February 1793;
(2) Sir Alexander Bannerman (1769-1840), 7th bt. (q.v.);
(3) Maria Bannerman (1771-1826), baptised at Aberdeen, 18 March 1771; married, 18 June 1793 at Aberdeen, William Keith-Falconer (1766-1812), 6th Earl of Kintore, and had issue two sons and one daughter; died in Bath (Somerset), 30 June 1826 and was buried in Bath Abbey, 13 July 1826;
(4) Ann (aka Margaret?) Bannerman (b. 1773), baptised at Aberdeen, 15 January 1773; no marriage or burial for an Ann Bannerman can be found, but a list of children living in 1794 includes a Margaret but no Ann, and she may therefore possibly be the 'Margaret, daughter of Dr Bannerman' buried at Aberdeen 10 May 1795;
(5) Prof. James Bannerman (1774-1838), baptised at Aberdeen, 5 October 1774; professor of medicine at King's College, Aberdeen, 1797-1838 (jointly with his father until 1813); married, 26 April 1805, Helen (c.1784-1864), eldest daughter of Alexander Burnett of Kemnay, but had no issue; died at Balgowie Cottage, Aberdeen, 17 February 1838;
(6) George Bannerman (1776-before 1840), baptised at Aberdeen, 18 December 1776; died unmarried and without issue before 1840;
(7) Sir Charles Bannerman (1782-1851), 8th bt. (q.v.);
(8) Edward John Bannerman (1786-1818), baptised at Aberdeen, 1 January 1786; served in the 6th Native Cavalry; died at Nagpur County (India), of a fever, November 1818.
He inherited the property of the Burnett family at Kirkhill in 1777, but lived in Aberdeen throughout his life.
He died at his house in Marischal Street, Aberdeen, 29 December 1813. His widow died in Aberdeen, 23 November 1820.

Bannerman, Sir Alexander (1769-1840), 7th bt. Elder surviving son of Sir Alexander Bannerman, 6th bt. and his wife Mary, daughter of James Gordon of Banchory, born 19 December 1769. He succeeded his father as 7th baronet, 29 December 1813. A Whig in politics, 'but thoroughly independent, and as willing to censure the shortcomings of his own party as to blame the misdeeds of their opponents'. His diary for the years 1826-39 is in the National Library of Scotland. He married, 15 November 1800, Rachel (1779-1847), younger daughter of John Irvine of Aberdeen, a Gothenburg merchant, but had no issue.
He presumably inherited his father's property at Kirkhill.
He died 31 May 1840; he left an unusual and complex will which resulted in litigation over several years, finally determined by a ruling of the Court of Session in 1844. His widow died 13 November 1847 and was buried in Greyfriars kirkyard, Edinburgh, where she is commemorated by a monument.

Bannerman, Sir Charles (1782-1851), 8th bt. Fifth son of Sir Alexander Bannerman, 6th bt. and his wife Mary, daughter of James Gordon of Banchory, born 18 August and baptised at Aberdeen, 22 August 1782. Manufacturer in Aberdeen. He succeeded his brother as 8th baronet, 31 May 1840. A Conservative in politics. He married, 11 August 1821 at Old Machar (Aberdeens.), his cousin Anne (1791-1838), third daughter of Charles Bannerman (youngest brother of the 6th bt.), and had issue:
(1) Sir Alexander Bannerman (1823-77), 9th bt. (q.v.);
(2) Margaret Bannerman (1828-33); died young, 2 May 1833;
(3) Mary Elizabeth Bannerman (1830-38); died of scarlet fever at Crimonmogate, 30 August 1838.
(4) Anne Catherine Bannerman (1832-47), baptised at Lonmay (Aberdeens.), 25 February 1832; died young at Crimonmogate, 26 February 1847.
He also had issue an illegitimate son:
(X1) Charles Bannerman (fl. 1872?); living in Bombay (India), 1844, when he was mentioned in his father's will, and perhaps to be identified with the assistant chief engineer and inspector of machinery at HM Dockyard there, who retired to England; married and had issue; living in 1872.
He perhaps inherited the Kirkhill property from his brother in 1840. He inherited the Crimonmogate estate from Patrick Milne in 1820, and rebuilt the house there to the designs of Archibald Simpson.
He died in London, 18 June 1851 and was buried at Crimond, where he is commemorated by a monument; his will was proved 27 August 1851. His wife died of scarlet fever at Crimmondgate, 2 September 1838.


Sir Alexander Bannerman, 9th bt.
Bannerman, Sir Alexander (1823-77), 9th bt. Only son of Sir Charles Bannerman (1782-1851), 8th bt., and his wife Anne, daughter of Charles Bannerman, born 6 April and baptised at Old Machar (Aberdeens.), 9 April 1823. Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1841). Joined the diplomatic service and was attached to the Legation at Florence, 1844-47, when he resigned. He succeeded his father as 9th baronet, 18 June 1851. DL for Aberdeenshire, 1849 and for Kincardineshire, 1856, and acted as Vice-Lord Lieutenant for his cousin, Lord Kintore. He was a Whig in politics, and stood unsuccessfully for Parliament in Aberdeenshire in 1842 (when he was defeated) and 1860 (when he withdrew). He took a keen interest in the management of his estates, doing personally much of the work normally delegated to a factor, and undertaking several building projects, which included the restoration of the old parish church at Crimond as well as remodelling Crimonmogate and Elsick. He was also a keen amateur photographer and kept a before-and-after record of his changes to the buildings on the Crimonmogate estate. He married 1st, 26 September 1860 at Withyham (Sussex), Lady Arabella Diana Sackville West (1835-69), daughter of 5th Earl de la Warre, and 2nd, 20 January 1874 at St Peter, Eaton Sq., London, Lady Katherine (1841-85), eldest daughter of Bertram Ashburnham, 4th Earl of Ashburnham, and had issue:
(1.1) Ethel Mary Elizabeth Bannerman (c.1869-1947), born 9 February 1869; married, 1 August 1891 at St Peter, Eaton Sq., London, Charles Noel Carnegie (1854-1941), 7th bt. (later 10th* Earl of Southesk), and had issue three sons and two daughters; died 10 December 1947.
He inherited Crimonmogate from his father in 1851 and remodelled it c.1864. He also repurchased part of the Elsick estate, including Elsick House. In 1883 his daughter's estate consisted of 7,660 acres in Aberdeenshire and 500 acres in Kincardineshire. The Kincardineshire property has passed by descent to his daughter's descendant, the 4th Duke of Fife. He also had a house in Grosvenor Place, London.
He died in London, 21 April 1877, when the baronetcy passed to his cousin, Sir George Bannerman (1827-1901), 10th bt, and was buried at Lonmay (Aberdeens.), 27 April 1877; his will was confirmed in Scotland, 4 February 1878 and sealed in London, 28 February 1878 (estate £32,784). His first wife died in childbirth in London, 9 February 1869, and was buried at Lonmay. His widow died at Eastbourne (Sussex), 30 September 1885, and was buried at Crimonmogate; her will was proved 18 December 1885.
* 7th Earl by some reckonings.


Sources

Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 2003, pp. 246-47; C. McKean, Banff and Buchan: an illustrated architectural guide, 1990, pp. 143-44; J. Sharples, D.W. Walker & M. Woodworth, The buildings of Scotland: Aberdeenshire - North and Moray, 2015, pp. 139-41; D.W. Walker & M. Woodworth, The buildings of Scotland: Aberdeenshire - South and Aberdeen, 2015, pp. 480-81; G. MacGregor, The Red Book of Scotland, 2nd edn, 2018, vol. 1, pp. 389-409.


Location of archives


Bannerman family of Elsick, baronets: deeds, estate and family papers, 16th-19th cents. [Private collection; enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland, though some or all of this collection seems to have been sold in 2006.]


Coat of arms


Gules, a banner displayed argent, thereon a canton azure charged with St Andrew's Cross of the second (the badge of Scotland).


Can you help?


  • Can anyone provide further information about the ownership of Elsick House between its sale by the 4th baronet in 1754 and its repurchase by the 9th baronet in the 19th century?
  • The parish registers of Fetteresso parish, in which Elsick lay, are sadly lost for most of the period when the Bannerman family were resident there, so the genealogical part of this account is sadly deficient. If any reader has access to other records which would supply any of the missing information, such as family wills, marriage settlements or genealogies, I should be very pleased to hear from them. I would also be very pleased to receive additional information about the careers of the earlier generations of the family.
  • I should also be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated. 
  • As always, any additions or corrections to the account given above will be gratefully received and incorporated.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 6 February 2019.