Wednesday, 5 February 2020

(404) Barnwell of Mileham Hall

Barnwell of Mileham Hall
This family traced their descent from Sir Nicholas Barnewall (d. c.1465) of Crickstown Castle in County Meath, albeit through a series of younger sons. Sir Nicholas' great-grandson, Robert Barnewall, settled at Lenton (Notts) in the late 15th century and his eldest son, Symond Barnewall, moved to Cransley (Northants), probably as a tenant farmer. Symond's son, Thomas Barnwell (d. by 1575), had a lease of mills and meadow land at Cransley from St Mary's College, Leicester in 1528 and by 1556 had purchased the manors of Cransley, Newark and Pultons. On his death, this property descended to his son Edward Barnwell (d. 1602), with whom the genealogy below begins. In 1586 (although the purchase does not seem to have been completed until 1595), Edward sold his estate at Cransley to Sir Thomas Cecil (1542-1623), 2nd Lord Burghley and later 1st Earl of Exeter, in exchange for the manors of Mileham and Beeston in Norfolk, which he seems to have settled on his eldest son, Stephen Barnwell (c.1560-1625). Certainly Stephen was resident at Mileham during his father's lifetime and Edward seems to have remained in Northamptonshire, where he had other property at Walgrave, and was buried at Cransley. Nothing is known about the house in Mileham occupied by the family at this time, except that it was described as a mansion later in the 17th century. Stephen Barnwell had a grant of free warren from the king in 1616, which seems to have been resented by the tenants of the manor: the grant was read out in the manor court, whereupon 'no more business could be done in consequence of the ill behaviour of the tenants'.

Stephen Barnwell died in 1625 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward Barnwell (1596-1666), who had been educated as a gentleman at Cambridge and Lincoln's Inn; thereafter at least the eldest sons of the family usually received a university education. Stephen married in 1617 one of the daughters of Sir Thomas Playters, 1st bt., of Sotterley Hall (Suffolk) and had twelve children, most of whom seem to have survived to adulthood, although several of them died well short of a natural lifespan. Edward was succeeded at his death by his grandson, Charles Barnwell (c.1653-1702), who came of age in about 1674. His son and heir, another Charles Barnwell (1679-1750), married three times and had fifteen children, although ten of them seem to have died in childhood. He was succeeded by his only child by his first wife, the Rev. Charles Barnwell (1705-74), who became the first of several members of the family to serve as rectors of Beeston-with-Mileham. He lived in the rectory at Beeston rather than Mileham Hall, which may be evidence that the latter house was inferior in fashionability or repair, although it may simply be that the Mileham Hall continued to be occupied by his stepmother and her children after his father's death. In 1770 Charles retired as rector, and presented his younger son, the Rev. William Barnwell (1740-1810) to succeed him as rector. When he died in 1774 he was succeeded in the Mileham Hall estate by his eldest son, Charles Barnwell (1736-1802), who apparently rebuilt or remodelled the Hall soon afterwards. The younger Charles died without issue, and so the estate and rectory were again reunited in the possession of his brother, William. William died in 1810 and was succeeded in both the estate and the rectory by his son, the Rev. George Barnwell (1768-1822). George died unmarried, however, so his property passed to his first cousin once removed, the Rev. Charles Barnwell Herring (1801-82), whose father was a Norwich merchant. Charles came of age in 1822, took the name and arms of Barnwell by royal licence in 1825, and presented himself as rector of Beeston-with-Mileham as soon as he was qualified for the post, in 1827. He held the rectory for some fifty-five years, but usually had a curate, and in his old age the curate occupied Mileham Hall and he perhaps moved to Norwich, where he died in 1882.

Although he still owned the Mileham estate, the Rev. Charles Barnwell Herring (later Barnwell) seems to have been curiously hard up at his death: his effects were valued at just £1,327. The estate may well have been mortgaged, for his will instructed his trustees to sell it for the benefit of his children, but none of them, when they died, left even as much as their father. The son, Charles Wyndham Barnwell (1836-94) lived in fairly humble circumstances in Teddington (Middx) and left effects valued at just £55. His two sons went to America and Malaya respectively, and died abroad quite young. His widow and daughter seem to have moved to Belgium, a traditional place of resort for impecunious English gentry families, and his daughter Albertha died there during the German occupation in 1943, the last of her line.


Mileham Hall, Norfolk


At the centre of the village of Mileham stand the remains of one of the largest motte and bailey castles in Norfolk, dating from about 1100. This was clearly a place of some importance, but it had been abandoned by about 1300 and the estate was later divided into two manors, known as Mileham and Burghwood (or Burwood) respectively. Confusingly, the castle motte and inner bailey remained associated with the main manor of Mileham, although the manor house of Burwood (in which Sir Edward Coke, the former Lord Chief Justice, was born in 1552) was built in the outer bailey on the other side of the village street. 


The village of Mileham as depicted on the 1st edition OS map in 1883, with the castle in the centre of the village, opposite Burwood Hall, and the church and Mileham Hall towards the eastern end of the village. 
It is not known where the manor house of Mileham stood in the 16th century, but it could have been on the same site as it later occupied across the road from the parish church. It may have been small as successive lords were apparently not resident until the Barnwell family acquired it by exchange with Sir Thomas Cecil in 1586-95. 

Mileham Hall: the late 18th century south front, which may have been a remodelling of an earlier, late 17th century block. Image: Historic England.
Mileham Hall: the less formal west side and rear elevations are more clearly a remodelling of earlier work. The porch at the right-hand side of the image probably dates from the 1820s or 1830s. Image: Historic England.

The Mileham Hall which existed in the 19th and 20th centuries is said to have been built or rebuilt in 1774, and this accords reasonably enough with the style of the interiors; it was described as 'a modern-built mansion' when advertised to let in 1804. 1774 was the year when Charles Barnwell (d. 1802) inherited the estate. His father had been rector of Beeston with Mileham and had lived in the rectory at Beeston while his stepmother lived in the Hall, so it is possible that the old manor house had been a bit neglected as well as being old-fashioned. Charles rebuilt or at least remodelled it, creating a seven by three bay, two storey block with a recessed three bay centre on the entrance front. Photographs show that this was attached to an lower and probably earlier building of a more vernacular character, to which a few modernising features, including a Venetian window, had been introduced. However certain features of the front block, such as the relatively low proportions and the projecting wings, suggest that this too may have been a remodelling of an older building, perhaps of the late 17th century, although this must remain speculative. Certainly the house was given new interiors, with some delicate plasterwork ceilings and a top-lit staircase. 

Mileham Hall: interior with late 18th century panelling and an elegant plaster ceiling. Image: Historic England.
In 1822 the estate passed to the Rev. Charles Barnwell Herring (later Barnwell) (1801-82), who took the name Barnwell and came to live at Mileham. He too is said to have rebuilt or remodelled the house, but there seems to be little sign of work of the 1820s or 1830s in the surviving photographs, apart, perhaps, from the new entrance with a Doric porch on the side elevation and the rooflight of the staircase. C.B.H. Barnwell occupied the house as his rectory until about 1870 when he seems to have retired, leaving the performance of his clerical duties to a curate who was accommodated in the house. 

Mileham Hall: the top-lit staircase hall with a decorative rooflight, probably of the 1820s. Image: Historic England.
When Barnwell died in 1882 his trustees put the 780 acre estate up for sale and the house subsequently changed hands fairly frequently, with a steadily diminishing acreage. Between 1945 and 1947 it was divided into two dwellings, but an attempt to sell it in the latter year may have failed. It was on the market again with just 3 acres in 1952, when it was offered particularly to 'builders, speculators and property developers'. The hall was derelict but still standing in 1955 when the photographs shown here were taken, but the house was demolished soon afterwards and the site was later built over.

Mileham Hall: the Greek Doric porch on the west front was probably added in the 1820s, when a new entrance was made here. Image: Historic England.
Descent: Sir Thomas Cecil (1543-1624), 2nd Baron Burghley and later 1st Earl of Exeter, who exchanged it in 1586-95 with Edward Barnwell (d. 1602); to son, Stephen Barnwell (c.1560-1625); to son, Edward Barnwell (1596-1666); to grandson, Charles Barnwell (c.1653-1702); to son, Charles Barnwell (1679-1750); to son, Rev. Charles Barnwell (1705-74); to son, Charles Barnwell (1736-1802); to brother, Rev. William Barnwell (1740-1810); to son, Rev. George Barnwell (1769-1822); to first cousin once removed, Charles Barnwell Herring (later Barnwell) (1801-82); sold 1883 to Francis Jeffery; sold 1890 to Albert Collinson; sold 1915 to William Robert Mills (d. c.1938); to widow; sold 1945; sold 1947?; sold 1952; demolished c.1955. The house was advertised to be let in 1804 and 1817, and again in 1859 and 1884.


Barnwell family of Mileham Hall



Barnwell, Edward (c.1535-1602). Eldest son of Thomas Barnewall (d. by 1575) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Cradock of Dingley (Northants), born about 1535. He married 1st, Eleanor (d. 1557), daughter of Thomas Brooke of Great Oakley (Northants) and 2nd, Ann (d. 1573), only daughter of John Spencer of Blunham (Beds), and had issue:
(1.1) Jane Barnwell (b. c.1557); died unmarried;
(2.1) Stephen Barnwell (c.1560-1625) (q.v.);
(2.2) Ann Barnwell (b. 1562), baptised at Cransley, 19 September 1562;
(2.3) Edward Barnwell (b. 1562), baptised at Cransley, 11 March 1562/3; 
(2.4) Thomas Barnwell (b. 1563), baptised at Cransley, 19 December 1563;
(2.5) Alice Barnwell (d. 1567); died young and was buried at Cransley, 14 July 1567;
(2.6) Jane Barnwell (b. 1566), baptised at Cransley, 21 June 1566;
(2.7) John Barnwell (d. 1567); buried at Cransley, 3 September 1567;
(2.7) John Barnwell (b. 1571), baptised at Cransley, 18 November 1571;
(2.8) William Barnwell (fl. 1623); living in 1623;
(2.9) Myles Barnwell (b. 1576), baptised at Cransley, 5 February 1575/6; married [name unknown] (fl. 1623)
(2.11) Mary Barnwell;
(2.12) Elizabeth Barnwell;
(2.13) Christina Barnwell; married William Powers of Wellingborough; probably died before 1623 as she is not mentioned in her father's will. 
Three of his daughters were married Mr Cock; Mr Bingley and a Mr Norvert??, but which three these were is uncertain; all three were all living in 1623.
He inherited the manors of Cransley and Pulton (Northants) from his father but exchanged them in 1575 for Beeston and Mileham (Norfk) with Sir William Cecil.
He died at Walgrave, and was buried at Cransley, 20 June 1602, where he and his two wives are commemorated by a brass plaque. His first wife died 5 May 1557. His second wife died 21 April 1573.

Barnwell, Stephen (c.1560-1625). Eldest son of Edward Barnwell (d. 1602) and his second wife Ann, only daughter of John Spencer of Blunham (Beds), born about 1560. He married, c.1590, Mary (c.1562-1609), daughter of Nicholas Calton, and had issue:
(1) Caulton Barnwell (d. 1598); buried at Mileham, 27 February 1597/8;
(2) Edward Barnwell (1596-1666) (q.v.);
(3) Henry Barnwell (1601-39), baptised at Mileham, 9 October 1601; buried at Mileham, 30 January 1638/9;
(4) Stephen Barnwell (1604-05), baptised at Mileham, 10 June 1604; died in infancy and was buried at Mileham, 26 February 1604/5.
He settled at Mileham in his father's lifetime and inherited the Mileham and Beeston estate in 1602.
He was buried at Mileham, 19 September 1625; his will, proved in the PCC, 3 February 1625/6, appointed his housekeeper, Mary Boston, as his executrix, which may imply that she was his partner. His wife was buried at Mileham, 5 March 1608/9.

Barnwell, Edward (1596-1666). Eldest son of Stephen Barnwell (c.1560-1625) and his wife Mary, daughter of Nicholas Calton, born 1596. Educated at Kings College, Cambridge (matriculated 1612) and Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1614). He married, 6 March 1616/7 at Elsing (Norfk), Anne (d. 1681), daughter of Sir Thomas Playters, 1st bt., of Sotterley (Suffk) and had issue:
(1) Edward Barnwell (c.1617-19), born 1617 or 1618; died in infancy and was buried at Mileham, 14 February 1618/9;
(2) Anne Barnwell (b. 1619), baptised at Mileham, 11 November 1619; married Rev. Robert Sedgwick (c.1609-90), rector of Thwaite (Norfk); living in 1654;
(3) Edward Barnwell (b. 1620), baptised at Mileham, 2 January 1620/1; probably the man of this name from Mileham who had licence to travel to Holland to serve in the army there in 1637; probably dead by 1654 as he is not mentioned in his brother's will;
(4) Frances Barnwell (b. 1622), baptised at Mileham, 17 June 1622; living in 1656;
(5) Elizabeth Barnwell (b. 1623), baptised at Mileham, 2 December 1623; probably dead by 1654 as she is not mentioned in her brother's will;
(6) Charles Barnwell (1626-54) (q.v.);
(7) William Barnwell (b. 1628), baptised at Mileham, 28 January 1627/8; living in 1656;
(8) Henry Barnwell (1629-c.1659), baptised at Mileham, 14 July 1629; surgeon in London; made his will in December 1656 before joining a ship called the King Fernando bound for the Indies as ship's surgeon; will proved in the PCC, 25 June 1659;
(9) Frederick Barnwell (b. 1630), baptised at Mileham, 21 November 1630; living in 1654;
(10) John Barnwell (b. 1632), baptised at Mileham, 18 June 1632; living in 1654;
(11) Philip Barnwell (b. 1634), baptised 22 May 1634; living in 1654;
(12) Mary Barnwell (1635-65), baptised at Mileham, 17 September 1635; died unmarried and was buried at Mileham, 7 April 1665.
He inherited the Mileham estate from his father in 1625.
He was buried at Mileham, 30 November 1666; administration of his goods was granted at Norwich in 1666. His widow was buried at Mileham, 23 March 1681.

Barnwell, Charles (1626-54). Third, but eldest surviving, son of Edward Barnwell (1596-1666) and his wife Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Playters, 1st bt., baptised at Mileham, 10 November 1626. He married Susan (b. 1629), daughter and co-heir of William Sydnor of Blundeston (Suffk), and had issue:
(1) Edward Barnwell (b. 1651), born 3 May and baptised at Elsing (Norfk), 6 May 1651; living in 1654 but died without issue;
(2) Anne Barnwell (b. 1652), born and baptised at Elsing, 25 July 1652;
(3) Charles Barnwell (c.1653-1702) (q.v.).
He died between July 1654 and February 1654/5; his will was proved in the PCC, 14 February 1654/5. His widow may have married 2nd, 25 October 1659 at Wimbotsham (Norfk), Daniel Marckas and perhaps 3rd, a Mr. Ward; her date of death is unknown.

Barnwell, Charles (c.1653-1702). Younger, but only surviving, son of Charles Barnwell (1626-54) and his wife Susan, daughter and co-heir of William Sydnor of Blundeston (Suffk), born about 1653. Educated at North Walsham and Scarning, and at Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (matriculated 1671). He married, 11 July 1678 at Barrow (Suffk), Ann (d. 1720), daughter of Clement Heigham of Barrow, and had issue:
(1) Charles Barnwell (1679-1750) (q.v.);
(2) Robert Barnwell (1681-82), second son, born 1681; buried 8 March 1681/2;
(3) Anne Barnwell (1684-1750?), baptised at Mileham, 4 April 1684; married, 12 June 1705 at Barrow (Suffk), Henry Mingay of Woodton, surgeon; probably the woman of this name buried at St Mary Coslany, Norwich, 19 April 1750;
(4) John Barnwell (b. & d. 1688), baptised at Mileham, 29 February 1687/8; died in infancy and was buried at Mileham, 7 March 1687/8.
He inherited the Mileham estate from his grandfather in 1666 and came of age in about 1674.
He died 19 December 1702; his will was proved 7 January 1702/3. His widow was buried at Mileham, 13 September 1720.

Barnwell, Charles (1679-1750). Eldest son of Charles Barnwell (c.1653-1702) and his wife Ann, daughter of Clement Heigham of Barrow (Suffk), baptised at Mileham, 10 April 1679. Educated at St Catherine's College, Cambridge (matriculated 1695) and Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1699). He married 1st, Elizabeth (d. 1705), daughter of Rev. John Neale, rector of Mileham, 2nd, 26 August 1707 at Weasenham All Saints (Norfk), Mary (d. 1720), daughter of Sir Thomas Berney, 2nd bt., and 3rd, 30 May 1722 at Hillington (Norfk), Mary (1700/1-87), daughter and only surviving child of Rev. John Novell, rector of Hillington, and had issue:
(1.1) Rev. Charles Barnwell (1705-74) (q.v.); 
(2.1) Sarah Barnwell (1708-48), baptised at Mileham, 11 July 1708; died unmarried, 12 December 1748 and was buried at Mileham, where she is commemorated by a ledger stone;
(2.2) Henry Barnwell (b. 1709), baptised at Mileham, 14 September 1709; probably died young;
(2.3) Mary Barnwell (1710-11), baptised at Mileham, 6 September 1710; died in infancy and was buried 18 May 1711;
(2.4) Rev. Edward Barnwell (1712-53), baptised at Mileham, 1 May 1712; educated at Norwich and Peterhouse, Cambridge (matriculated 1729; BA 1733/4); ordained deacon, 1735, and priest, 1740/1; rector of Stibbard, 1741-53 and of Mileham, 1744-45; died unmarried and was buried at Mileham, 10 May 1753; will proved at Norwich, 1753;
(2.5) Ann Barnwell (b. & d. 1713), baptised at Mileham, 28 August 1713; died in infancy and was buried at Mileham, 18 December 1713;
(2.6) Philip Barnwell (b. & d. 1715), baptised at Mileham, 30 January 1714/5; died in infancy and was buried at Mileham, 13 April 1715;
(2.7) John Barnwell (1716-17), baptised at Mileham, 22 September 1716; died in infancy and wsa buried at Mileham, 28 April 1717;
(3.1) Mary Barnwell (1725-26), baptised at Mileham, 15 August 1725; died in infancy and was buried at Mileham, 15 February 1725/6;
(3.2) Elizabeth Barnwell (b. 1727), baptised at Mileham, 10 February 1726/7; died in infancy;
(3.3) John Barnwell (1729-30), baptised at Mileham, 6 June 1729; died in infancy and was buried 17 February 1729/30;
(3.4) Rev. Frederick Barnwell (1730-1809), baptised at Mileham, 22 June 1730; educated at Scarning and Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (matriculated 1748/9; BA 1753); ordained deacon, 1753, and priest, 1757; rector of Brockley (Suffk), 1766-71, Lawshall (Suffk), 1767-1801 and Stanningfield (Suffk), 1771-1809; married, 3 April 1769 at Swanton Morley (Norfk), Susannah Maria, elder daughter and coheiress of Rev. Thomas Ewin, rector of Swanton Morley, and had issue two sons; died 4 March 1809 and was buried at Fornham All Saints (Suffk); will proved in the PCC, 29 March 1809;
(3.5) Elizabeth Barnwell (b. & d. 1731), baptised at Mileham, 18 December 1731; died in infancy and was buried at Mileham the following day;
(3.6) Anna Maria Barnwell (1736-1819), baptised at Mileham, 9 September 1736; married, 15 May 1759 at East Dereham, William Donne (c.1742-1803) of Heigham Lodge and Norwich, and had issue; buried at Mattishall, Norwich, 7 July 1819;
(3.7) John Barnwell (1739-40), baptised at Mileham, 30 December 1739; died in infancy and was buried 11 January 1739/40.
He inherited the Mileham estate from his father in 1702.
He died 24 July 1750. His first wife died in childbirth and was buried at Mileham, 21 November 1705. His second wife was buried at Mileham, 20 December 1720. His widow died aged 86 and was buried at Mileham on 16 September 1787.

Barnwell, Rev. Charles (1705-74). Only son of Charles Barnwell (c.1680-1750) by his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. John Neale, rector of Mileham, baptised at Mileham,  21 November 1705. Educated privately and at Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (matriculated 1723; BA 1727/8). Ordained priest, 1735. Patron and Rector of Beeston with Mileham, 1734-70. He married, 1735, Katherine (d. 1774), daughter of Samuel Sparrow of Lavenham (Suffk), and had issue:
(1) Charles Barnwell (1736-1802) (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Barnwell (b. & d. 1737), baptised at Litcham, 9 September 1737; died in infancy and was buried at Mileham, 25 September 1737;
(3) Theodosia Barnwell (1738-54?), baptised at Litcham, 13 August 1738; died unmarried and was perhaps the woman of this name buried at St Margaret, Westminster, 12 August 1754;
(4) Edward Barnwell (1739-47), baptised at Litcham/Beeston, 5 October 1739; died young and was buried at Beeston, 9 October 1747;
(5) Rev. William Barnwell (1740-1810) (q.v.);
(6) John Barnwell (1741-90) (q.v.);
(7) Katherine Barnwell (1744-1803), baptised at Beeston, 13 May 1744; married, 24 August 1779 at St Simon & St Jude, Norwich, as his second wife, John Webster (fl. 1803) of East Dereham (Norfk), but had no issue; buried at Mileham, 11 October 1803;
(8) Neil Barnwell (1745-46), baptised at Beeston, 19 December 1745; died in infancy and was buried at Beeston, 11 June 1746;
(9) Samuel Barnwell (b. & d. 1747), baptised at Beeston, 1 February 1746/7; died in infancy and was buried at Beeston, 7 February 1746/7;
(10) Sarah Barnwell (1748-85), baptised at Beeston, 23 October 1748; married, 8 September 1772 at Mileham, Samuel Pye (1740-1813), solicitor, of St Martin's Plain, Norwich, and had issue; died 5 December 1785 and was buried at St Martin at Palace, Norwich.
He inherited the Mileham estate from his father in 1750.
He died 26 April and was buried at Mileham, 29 April 1774; his will was proved at Norwich in 1774. His widow died 23 April 1774 and was buried at Mileham on the same day as her husband.

Barnwell, Charles (1736-1802). Eldest son of Rev. Charles Barnwell (1705-74) and his wife Katherine, daughter of Samuel Sparrow of Lavenham (Suffk), baptised at Beeston, 6 August 1736. Educated privately and at Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (matriculated 1755). JP for Norfolk. He married, 21 September 1769 at Easton (Norfk), Mary (1734-1803), daughter and co-heiress of William Barwick of Norwich, surgeon, but had no issue.
He inherited the Mileham estate from his father in 1774 and apparently rebuilt or remodelled the house there soon afterwards. At his death the estate passed to his brother, the Rev. William Barnwell (1740-1810).
He died 1 December 1802 and was buried at Mileham, where he is commemorated by a monument. His widow died 17 December and was also buried at Mileham, 26 December 1803.

Barnwell, Rev. William (1740-1810). Third son of Charles Barnwell (1705-74) and his wife Katherine, daughter of Samuel Sparrow of Lavenham (Suffk), baptised at Beeston, 6 December 1740. Educated at St. Catherine's College, Cambridge (matriculated 1760). Ordained deacon, 1764, and priest, 1765. Curate of Beeston, 1765; rector of Oxwick (Norfk), 1765-1810 and of Beeston-with-Mileham, 1770-1810. He married, 10 February 1768 at St Margaret, Kings Lynn (Norfk), Mary (c.1747-1825), daughter of George Patterson of King's Lynn, and had issue:
(1) Rev. George Barnwell (1768-1822) (q.v.).
He inherited the Mileham estate from his elder brother in 1802. His widow lived latterly at East Dereham (Norfk).
He died 6 January and was buried at Beeston, 12 January 1810. His widow died 31 July and was buried at Beeston, 6 August 1825; her will was proved in the PCC, 3 September 1825.

Barnwell, Rev. George (1768-1822). Only son of Rev. William Barnwell (d. 1810) and his wife Mary, daughter of George Patterson of King's Lynn (Norfk), born at Kings Lynn, 2 December 1768 and baptised at St Margaret, Kings Lynn, 5 January 1769. Educated at Kings Lynn and Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (matriculated 1786; BA 1790; MA 1793). Ordained deacon, 1791 and priest, 1793. Curate of Oxwick (Norfk), 1791; rector of Beeston-with-Mileham, 1810-22. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Mileham estate from his father in 1810. At his death, it passed to his first cousin once removed, Charles Barnwell Herring (1801-82).
He died 25 December 1822 'having been incapacitated for some time to manage his affairs', and was buried at Beeston, 3 January 1823.

Barnwell, John (1741-90). Fourth and youngest son of Charles Barnwell (1705-74) and his wife Katherine, daughter of Samuel Sparrow of Lavenham (Suffk), baptised at Beeston, 24 September 1741. He married, 31 August 1769 at Little Walsingham (Norfk), Anne Wilson (d. 1784), daughter of Thomas Wilson Wright of Wighton (Norfk) and widow of Capt. Thomas Lee Warner (1736-68) of Little Walsingham (by whom she had one daughter), third son of Henry Lee Warner of Walsingham Abbey (Norfk), and had issue:
(1) Catherine Barnwell (1774-1840) (q.v.).
He lived at Bale (Norfk).
He was buried at Bale, 1 December 1790. His wife was buried at Bale, 15 February 1784 and her will was proved in Norwich, 1784.

Barnwell, Catherine (1774-1840). Only child of John Barnwell (1741-90) of Bale (Norfk) and his wife Anne Wilson, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Wilson Wright of Wighton (Norfk) and widow of Thomas Lee Warner of Little Walsingham, baptised at Bale, 10 March 1774. She married, 22 July 1800 at Mileham, John Herring junior (1773-1842), JP and alderman of Norwich, son of 'Honest John' Herring, mayor of Norwich, and had issue:
(1) Charles Barnwell Herring (later Barnwell) (1801-82) (q.v.);
(2) Rev. Henry Lee Warner Herring (1802-78), born and baptised 4 December 1802; educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (matriculated 1830; BA 1834); ordained deacon 1834; curate of Loddon (Norfk), 1841-65 and Egmere (Norfk), 1848-65; lived later at Woodhouse, Stanstead (Essex) and at Lawn House, High Barnet (Herts); married, 16 October 1839 at Holy Trinity, Ely (Cambs), Joanna (c.1815-83), daughter of William Harlock of Ely (Cambs), and had issue; died 9 October 1878; will proved 14 June 1879 (effects under £18,000);
(3) Catherine Barnwell Herring (b. 1805), born 30 April and baptised at St George Colegate, Norwich, 5 May 1805; married, 27 October 1831 at St George Colegate, Norwich, Rev. John Thomas Batchelor (1795-1874), second son of Thomas Horatio Batchelor of Horstead (Norfk), and had issue three sons and two daughters;
(4) John Barnwell Herring (1810-85), born 3 July and baptised at St George Colegate, Norwich, 8 July 1810; manufacturing chemist and wholesale druggist in London; lived at The Grove, Esher (Surrey); married, 7 May 1846 at Woodbridge (Suffk), Laura (1825-91), daughter of John Manby of Woodbridge, and had issue three sons and four daughters; died 26 December and was buried at Esher, 31 December 1885; will proved 6 March 1886 (effects £51,442)
She lived in the city of Norwich.
She was buried at St George Colegate, Norwich, 25 March 1840. Her husband died 16 October 1842.

Herring (later Barnwell), Charles Barnwell (1801-82). Elder son of John Herring, alderman of Norwich, and his wife Catherine, daughter and sole heiress of John Barnwell of Bale (Norfk), born 7 July and baptised at St George, Colegate, Norwich, 12 July 1801. Educated privately and at Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge (matriculated 1819; BA 1823). Ordained deacon, 1824 and priest, 1825. Rector of Beeston-with-Mileham, 1827-82.  JP for Norfolk.  He took the name of Barnwell in lieu of Herring by royal licence in 1825. He married, 28 October 1829, Sophia (1809-71), daughter of George Thomas Wyndham of Cromer Hall (Norfk), and had issue:
(1) Sophia Catherine Barnwell (1834-90), born 28 September and baptised at Mileham, 2 November 1834; married, 7 January 1858 at Mileham, James John Winter of Heigham (Norfk), son of James Winter of Heigham, and had issue three daughters; died Jan-Mar 1890;
(2) Charles Wyndham Barnwell (1836-94) (q.v.);
(3) Adelaide Horatia Barnwell (1842-1919), born 31 December 1842 and baptised at Mileham, 17 January 1843; married, 1892 at Elham (Kent), John Crowley of Folkestone (Kent), bath chair proprietor; died 12 February 1919; administration of her goods was granted to her husband, 17 October 1919 (estate £537).
He inherited the Mileham estate from his first cousin once removed, the Rev. George Barnwell, in 1822. It was sold after his death by the trustees of his will.
He died in Norwich, 27 November and was buried at Mileham, 30 November 1882; his will was proved 16 June 1883 (effects £1,327). His wife died 26 March 1871.

Barnwell, Charles Wyndham (1836-94). Only son of Charles Barnwell Herring (later Barnwell) (1801-82), and his wife Sophia, daughter of George Thomas Wyndham of Cromer Hall (Norfk), born 31 August and baptised at Mileham, 25 September 1836. An officer in the East Norfolk Militia (Lt. 1862). He married, 17 July 1866 at St Peter, Eaton Sq., London, Alice Anne (b. 1842), only child and heiress of Lt-Col. Thomas Skinner CB, and had issue:
(1) Albertha Sophia Ann Barnwell (1867-1943), born 21 September and baptised at Mileham, 10 November 1867; lived at Ixelles (Belgium); died unmarried in Brussels (Belgium), 30 or 31 December 1943; will proved 4 January 1955 (estate £366);
(2) Charles Thomas Wyndham Barnwell (1869-1916), born 25 February 1869; educated at Wiesbaden gymnasium and St Edward's College, London, and Oxford University (matriculated as a non-collegiate student, 1889); emigrated to America; died at Kalamazoo, Michigan (USA), 12 December 1916; administration of his goods granted to his mother, 8 April 1927 (effects £390);
(3) Allan Maclean Raikes Barnwell (1872-1903), born 7 November 1872; died at the Sungei Rengam estate, Batu Tiga, Selangor (Malaya), 5 January 1903; administration of his goods was granted to his mother, 8 April 1927 (estate £379).
He lived at Heigham (Norfk) in his father's lifetime but also seems to have spent some time in Germany. After the sale of the Mileham estate he lived at Teddington (Middx).
He died at Teddington (Middx), 24 September 1894; his will was proved 1 November 1894 (effects £55). His widow was living in 1927 but her date of death is unknown; it seems likely that she died abroad.


Principal sources


Burke's Landed Gentry, 1972, pp. 45-46; C. Parkin, History of the County of Norfolk, vol. 10, 1809, pp. 15-25; G.A. Carthew, The hundred of Launditch and the deanery of Brisley in the county of Norfolk: evidences and topographical notes, vol. 2, 1878, pp. 377-95; D. Clarke, The country houses of Norfolk - part 2: The Lost Houses, 2008, pp. 67-69; T. Williamson, I. Ringwood & S. Spooner, Lost country houses of Norfolk, 2015, pp. 209-10.


Location of archives


Barnwell family of Mileham: family and estate papers, 16th-19th cents. [Collection held privately; enquiries to Norfolk Record Office]. 
Deeds and estate papers of Devon property belonging to descendants of Rev. Frederick Barnwell, are at Devon Archives & Local Studies Service [1689B]


Coat of arms


Gules, a saltire embattled between four crescents argent.


Can you help?


  • Can anyone provide more information about the first generation or two of people mentioned in the genealogy? Information from the registers of Cransley is taken from extracts published by Carthew (see sources) and it seems likely that he did not report all the relevant entries.
  • Does anyone know why the family so decisively ran out of money in the late 19th and early 20th centuries?
  • I should be most grateful if anyone can provide photographs or portraits of people whose names appear in bold above, and who are not already illustrated.
  • As always, any additions or corrections to the account given above will be gratefully received and incorporated.



Revision and acknowledgements


This post was first published 5 February 2020.

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