Saturday, 23 February 2013

(4) Abdy of Albyns, baronets - part 2

ABDY of Albyns (Essex), baronets - continued

Chobham Place (Surrey)

The late 17th century flat-roofed house of the Thomas family was rebuilt or remodelled as a three storey seven bay stuccoed building for Sir William Abdy in the late 18th century.  It was remodelled again for Sir Denis Le Marchant c.1850 with extra detail around the windows, and given large two-storey wings in the 20th century which appear to have been progressively extended.  After conversion to apartments c.2000 the house was removed from the schedule of listed buildings in 2005.  In 1911 the panelling of the dining room was said to be late 17th century.  The remarkable little park laid out by Gainsford Thomas in the early 18th century, like a fragment of Epping Forest, survives and is now a public open space.
Chobham Place in 1824


Chobham Place in 2012


Previous owners:  Anthony Fenrother (fl. late 16th cent.); to daughter, Joan (d. 1638), wife of Samuel Thomas (d. 1573); to son, Sir Anthony Thomas (d. 1641); to son, Anthony Thomas (c.1615-96); to son, Anthony Thomas (c.1680-1701); to brother,Gainsford Thomas (c.1684-1721); to kinsman, Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy, 3rd bt. (1688-1733); to brother, Sir William Abdy, 4th bt. (1689-1750); to son, Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy, 5th bt. (c.1720-75); to brother, Sir William Abdy, 6th bt. (c.1732-1803); to son, Sir William Abdy, 7th bt. (c.1779-1868), who sold 1809 to Rev. Inigo William Jones (1780-1809); to son, Lt-Col. Inigo William Jones jun. (1806-78), who leased 1815-39 to Samuel Thornton MP (d. 1838) and sold 1840 to Sir Denis Le Marchant, 1st bt. (1795-1874); to son, Sir Henry Denis Le Marchant, 2nd bt. (1839-1915); to son, Sir Denis Le Marchant, 3rd bt. (1870-1922); to brother, Sir Edward Thomas Le Marchant (1871-1953); after whose death it was sold in 1959 to Sir William Sydney Albert Atkins (founder of W.S. Atkins Ltd) (1902-89); sold 1991 and 1999 and converted into flats.


Newton Ferrers (Cornwall)

Newton Ferrers in the early 18th century: a drawing by Edmund Prideaux.
The present house dates from c.1695-1701 (the dates of the roofing account) and was built for Sir William Coryton; in its original form it was probably the earliest purely classical house in Cornwall, although in a nod to earlier conventions it was still H-shaped. As built, the house was of two storeys, with a tall basement and an attic, and was constructed of granite.  Part of the earlier manor house was retained as a service wing attached to the west side. The house was recorded in the early 18th century by Edmund Prideaux, who shows the garden front with a segmental pediment over the central bay and dormer windows over the other six bays of the centre and on the wings. This makes a good deal more sense than the rather stark appearance of the building when it was first photographed at the beginning of the 20th century: by that time both the dormers and the segmental pediment had been removed and replaced by a plain hipped roof with wide eaves, a size too large for the house below, and the service wing had been wholly or partly rebuilt.


Newton Ferrers, from an early 20th century postcard

These changes probably dated from a restoration of the house in the 1880s for Digby Collins, and its appearance at this time was captured in photographs published in 1904 in Country LifeThe south-facing garden front is of eleven bays and symmetrical, with two bay projections at either end.  In the centre is an entrance flanked by granite chamfered rusticated pilasters with tall moulded bases, decorated capitals and a moulded cornice.  The east-facing entrance front had a central porte-cochere, enclosed in c.1970 to form a porch.  The north side of the house was originally symmetrical with two short projecting wings, but only that on the east survived by the early 20th century. In the centre of the north front is a segmental gabled chimneystack with an open pediment in relief; a carved panel on the piano nobile contains the arms of the De Ferrers family.  

In 1934 the house was sold to Sir Robert Abdy (1896-1976), 5th bt., who redecorated the interior in 1934-36.  Without there being a single Modernist feature introduced, the combined effect of the cool, French-influenced and simplified decorative effects is to strongly convey a period flavour. The new interiors were recorded by Country Life, which is fortunate as in 1940 the house was badly damaged by fire.
Newton Ferrers: press report of the fire in 1940
The service wing was reduced to rubble, the west range and centre were gutted and most of the 1930s interiors were lost. 
 When the opportunity arose after the war for restoration, it had to be reconstructed in phases, as building licences permitted. The old service wing was abandoned and was swept away when new kitchens and service areas were created in the basement. The west wing was left unroofed, the central range was given a flat roof, and only the east wing preserved the original form of the hipped roof. To conceal the flat roof on the central block, a parapet was added with a central segmental feature. The form of this may have been suggested by the original segmental pediment of the 1690s, but it spans three bays rather than one and has a decidedly Art Deco feel. Internally, it was not possible to recreate the pre-war plasterwork or panelling; all the impact of the new rooms had to be created through surface decoration. Thus the drawing room was painted in trompe l'oeil with porphyry columns, and blackamoors were cut out of paper and stuck onto the walls between the windows. The dining room walls were also painted in trompe l'oeil to look like fabric, while the elaborate curtains were dyed silk parachutes lined with dyed dust sheets hung from gilded drain pipes used as curtain poles! The hall and ante room were both painted to represent marble. Much of this work was done by Lady Diana Abdy herself. 

Newton Ferrers: garden front in 1970 with the Art Deco parapet added by Sir Robert Abdy concealing the post-war flat roof.
Image: University of Exeter Penryn Campus: Charles Woolf Slide Collection ICS12/13323.
Reproduced with permission. © Estate of Charles Woolf. 

In 1994-97 the ruinous west wing was reinstated and the rest of the house was meticulously restored to its late 17th century form for Andrew and Darcie Baylis.  The central entrance on the south side leads into the saloon which occupies the whole of the centre of the house. A second entrance, at basement level on the east front, leads into a staircase hall, with a staircase up to the principal rooms. The hall has two large marbled columns (a survival from the 1930s interiors) and bolection-moulded panelling. A secondary staircase was re-created, modelled on one at Powderham Castle (Devon), and incorporates elements of the handrail of the original, lost in the 1940 fire. It has square newels, carved balusters, and a ramped handrail. The east wing retains high quality 17th century panelling and plain marble chimneypieces. The ante room has complete bolection moulded panelling with marbled veined ribs and a heavy late 17th century cornice, and gives access to the library on the south east and a bedroom on the north east. The decorative details from these rooms have been replicated in the restoration of the rest of the house.   

Outside the entrance front are the remains of square granite piers, ball finials and square balusters which originally adorned the entrance court.  A 17th century terrace stands between the wings of the south front, with an intact contemporary balustrade with bulbous granite balusters, supported by stone rubble retaining walls.  This and the further terraces below were reputedly designed by ‘an Italian’.

Previous owners: John de Ferrers; to daughter, Isolda (fl. 1314), wife of Jeffery Coryton of Coryton (Devon); to son, William Coryton; to son, William Coryton; to son, Edward Coryton (fl. 1435); to son, John Coryton; to son, Richard Coryton; to son, Peter Coryton (fl. c.1540); to son, Richard Coryton (murdered 1565); to son, Peter Coryton (d. 1602); to son, William Coryton (1579-1651); to son, Sir John Coryton, 1st bt. (1621-80); to son, Sir John Coryton, 2nd bt. (1648-90); to brother, Sir William Coryton, 3rd bt. (1650-1711); to son, Sir John Coryton, 4th bt. (1690-1739); to widow, Dame Rachel Helyar ...Weston Helyar (fl. 1791-98)... Edward Helyar (d. 1831); William Helyar of Coker Court (Somerset) who sold 1834 to Edward Collins (1782-1855) of Truthen, St. Erme (Cornwall); to son, Edward Collins (b. 1833); to brother, Digby Collins (1836-1916); to ?son, Thurstan Collins (1858-1924); sold after his death... sold 1934 to Sir Robert Abdy, 5th bt. (1896-1976); to son, Sir Valentine Robert Duff Abdy, 6th bt. (1937-2012), who sold 1994 to Andrew & Darcie Baylis.


The Abdy baronets of Felix Hall


Abdy, Anthony (1579-1640), clothworker and East India merchant of London.  Born 1579, seventh and youngest child of Roger Abdy (d. 1595) and his wife Mary, daughter of Richard White of Hutton (Essex); baptised All Hallows, Bread St., London, 18 October 1579.  Alderman of London; sheriff of London, 1630-31; appointed director of East India Co., 1617 and deputy governor, 1639; member of the Worshipful Company of Clothworkers (master, 1632).  Married 14 August 1610 St Mary Aldermary London, Abigail (d. 1640), youngest daughter of Sir Thomas Campbell, kt. (q.v.), (ironmonger and Governor of the East India Company, Lord Mayor of London in 1609-10) and had issue:
(1) Alice Abdy (1611-48) m.1635 Sir John Bramston of Skreens (Essex) (d. 1700) (q.v.);
(2) Sir Thomas Abdy (1612-86), (q.v.);
(3) Anthony Abdy (1615-22), baptized at St.Dionis Backchurch on 16th March 1615; buried 16th January 1622;
(4) Sir Robert Abdy (1616-70), (q.v.);
(5) Sir John Abdy (1617-62) (q.v.);
(6) Nicholas Abdy (1618-48), merchant; bapt. at St. Dionis Backchurch, 30 August 1618; died at Leghorn, 1648;
(7) Roger Abdy (1620-42); baptized at St.Dionis Backchurch on 9th May 1620;
(8) Abigail Abdy (b. 1622); baptized at St.Dionis Backchurch on 21st February 1622;
(9) Sarah Abdy (b. 1624), baptized at St.Dionis Backchurch on 18th October 1624; perhaps m. at Stepney, 10 March 1645, John Bateman, lighterman
He lived in Lime Street, London, in the house where William Dockwra’s Penny Post was established in 1680; inherited lands at Colliers Row, Havering atte Bower (Essex) and property in Red Lion Gate, London from his father, 1595; purchased Felix Hall estate, Essex, 1630
He died 10 September 1640 and was buried in St Mary Abchurch or St Andrew Undershaft 1 October 1640, the same day as his wife; his will was proved PCC 4 December 1640

Abdy, Sir Thomas (1612-86), 1st baronet, lawyer.  Eldest son of Anthony Abdy (1579-1640) (q.v.) and his wife Abigail, daughter of Sir Thomas Campbell kt.; baptised St Dionis Backchurch, 18 May 1612.  Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge (Fellow Commoner, 1629) and Lincolns Inn, London (admitted, 1631/32); travelled in France and Italy, 1632-5; practised as a lawyer; sheriff of Essex, 1651; sought a lease from the Crown of the duty on sugar imports, c.1661; created 1st baronet of Felix Hall, 7 July 1641; knighted at Whitehall by King Charles I, 8 July 1641.  He m. 1st, 1 February 1637/38 St Peter le Poer, London, Mary (d. 1645), daughter and co-heir of Lucas Corsellis of London;  m. 2nd, 16 January 1646/47 at St Bartholomew the Less, London, Anne (d. 1679), daughter and co-heir of Alderman Sir Thomas Soame, kt.,  sheriff of London 1635-36 and had issue
(1.1) James Abdy (b. 1639, d. young);
(1.2) Rachel Abdy (1640-c.1688), m.1679, as his third wife, Philip Gurdon of Assington (Suffk) (c.1630-90) (q.v.); dsp.;
(1.3) Abigail Abdy (1643-79), m. as his second wife, Sir Mark Guyon, kt. (d. 1690) of Dynes Hall (Essex) and had issue a daughter, Rachel Guyon;
(2.1) Joanna Abdy of High Ongar (1654-1710);
(2.2) Sir Anthony Abdy (1655-1704) (q.v.);
(2.3) William Abdy (1657-82);
(2.4) Thomas Abdy (c.1658-97); dsp;
(2.5) Alice Abdy (b. 1661, d. after 1725) m. William Stane of Folyetts alias Forrest Hall, Ongar (Essex) and had issue;
(2.6) Anna Abdy (d. 1692) of Forrest Hall, Ongar (Essex), d. unm.;
(2.7) Mary Abdy (fl. 1712), m. c.1682 Wentworth Garneys (d. 1685) of Boyland Hall (Norfolk), dsp;
(2.8) Judith Abdy (b. c.1664; d. young);
(2.9) Sarah Abdy (d. young);
(2.10) Elizabeth Abdy (fl. 1691)
Inherited the Felix Hall estate (Essex) from his father, 1640; inherited the property of his cousin, Sir Christopher Abdy of Uxbridge, kt., 1679
He died 14 January 1685/86; buried at Kelvedon, where he is commemorated by a monument (perhaps by William Stanton) with an inscription on a draped stone curtain; will proved 11 February 1686.  His two wives are also both buried at Kelvedon [sorting ref. 773].

Abdy, Sir Anthony (1655-1704), 2nd baronet.  Eldest son of Sir Thomas Abdy (1612-86), 1st baronet of Felix Hall, and his second wife Anne, daughter and co-heir of Alderman Sir Thomas Soame, kt.; baptised 4 July 1655.  Educated at Trinity Coll., Cambridge (adm. fellow commoner 1672); JP for Essex by 1684; stood unsuccessfully for Parliament, 1689, and petitioned against the result, alleging early closure of the poll; succeeded his father as 2nd baronet of Felix Hall, 14 Jan 1686.  Married 9 June 1682 Mary (d. 18 Aug 1744), daughter and heiress of Rev. Dr. Richard Milward, canon of Windsor and rector of Great Braxted (Essex) and his wife Mary, dau of Sir Anthony Thomas (q.v.), and had issue:
(1) Thomas Abdy, died young;
(2) Mary Abdy (b. 1682x1685; d. c.1737) of London; d. unm.; will proved 2 May 1737 describes her as eldest daughter of Sir Anthony; desired to be buried at Great Braxted, near to her grandmother, Mary Milward
(3) Joan[na] (1686-1765), of Kelvedon Easterford,  d. unm.; will proved 1767;
(4) Elizabeth Abdy (1687-1760), d. unm.;
(5) Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy (1688-1733) (q.v.);
(6) Sir William Abdy (1689-1750) (q.v.);
(7) Rachel Abdy (1690-c.1744), of London; d. unm.; will proved 7 May 1744
(8) Anna Abdy (b. c.1691; d. 1738) m. 1724, Bezaleel Sherman (d. 1737) of Dorewards Hall, Kelvedon (Essex), surgeon;
(9) Charles Abdy (b. 1693); probably died young
(10) Richard Abdy (b. 1694); probably died young
(11) Alice Abdy (b. 1695; fl. 1760);
(12) Margaret Abdy (1696-1779) d. unm.;
(13) Martha Abdy (1700-80) of Kensington (Middx), d. unm. 
Inherited the Felix Hall estate, Kelvedon, Essex, from his father, 1686. 
Died 2 Apr 1704 aged 49; buried at Kelvedon (Essex), where he is commemorated by a monument by Edward Stanton; will proved 12 Sept. 1704

Abdy, Sir Anthony Thomas (1688-1733), 3rd baronet.  Eldest surviving son of Sir Anthony Abdy (1655-1704), 2nd baronet of Felix Hall, and his wife Mary, daughter of Rev. Dr. Richard Milward, canon of Windsor and rector of Great Braxted; baptised 5 Oct. 1688.  Educated at Felsted School (1702-06), Trinity Coll., Oxford (matric. 1707) and Lincolns Inn (adm. 1708); succeeded his father as 3rd baronet, and as owner of Felix Hall estate, 2 Apr. 1704.  Married 1st, 1717 Mary (d. 1718), daughter and heir of Hugh Gifford of Colchester and had no issue; married 2nd, 1720, Charlotte (d. 11 Feb 1731), daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Barnardiston, 3rd baronet of Ketton (Suffolk); married 3rd, 1731 Anne (d. 21 Sept. 1745), daughter of Thomas Williams of Tendring Hall by Elizabeth Barnardiston, a relative of Sir Anthony’s first wife and had issue:
(2.1) Charlotte Maria Abdy (1723-c.1802), baptised 11 June 1723; m. 1744 John Williams Onslow (1717-79);
(2.2) Elizabeth Abdy (d. 1755), m. 1749 Thomas Ryves of Ranston (Dorset) (q.v.) and had issue;
Inherited the Felix Hall estate, Kelvedon, Essex, from his father, 1704.  On his death it was divided between his daughters, but Charlotte and her husband seem to have bought out Elizabeth’s interest.
He died 11 June 1733, when the title passed to his brother, Sir William Abdy (1689-1750) (q.v.); will proved 19 June 1733 

Abdy, Sir William (1689-1750), 4th baronet of Felix Hall, barrister and legal agent.  Born about August 1689, sixth child of Sir Anthony Abdy (1655-1704) (q.v.) and his wife Mary, daughter of Rev. Dr. Richard Milward, canon of Windsor and rector of Great Braxted (Essex).  Acted as London agent for the 3rd Earl of Ailesbury, who was the son of a prominent Jacobite exile, and this led to his being suspected of Jacobite sympathies himself; he succeeded his elder brother, Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy (1688-1733) (q.v.) as 4th baronet of Felix Hall in 1733.  Married (lic. 13 May 1714), Mary (d. 6 Apr 1743), only daughter and heir of Philip Stotherd of Terling (Essex) and had issue:
(1) Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy (c.1720-75) (q.v.);
(2) Charlotte Elizabeth Abdy (b. 1722), bapt. 22 January 1722 St James, Westminster; m. 11 April 1752 Rev. Dr. Thomas Rutherforth (1712-71) (q.v.) and had issue;
(3) Mary Abdy (b. c.1725), m. 24 September 1748, Ambrose Dickins (d. 1783) of Wollaston (Northants) (q.v.), barrister, son of Ambrose Dickins, sergeant-surgeon to Queen Anne and King George I, and had issue
(4) Rev. Stotherd Abdy (1728-73), born 15 and baptised 28 July 1728; educated at St John's College, Cambridge (admitted 1745; BA 1748/9; MA 1752); ordained deacon, 1750 and priest, 1752; rector of Theydon Garnons and Stapleford Tawney (Essex); prebendary of St Paul's Cathedral, 1771; Archdeacon of Essex, 1771-73; married 1st*, 1752, Theodosia (d. 1758), daughter of Sir Robert Abdy, 3rd bt., of Albyns (Essex), and 2nd, 7 August 1759, Harriott (d. 1773), daughter of Peyton Altham of Mark Hall, Latton (Essex), but died without issue, 5 April 1773;
(5) Sir William Abdy (c.1732-1803), (q.v.);
(6) Ann Hester Abdy (1734-1805/6), m. 1770 Charles Nalson Cole (1723-1804) of the Middle Temple, legal antiquary and registrar of the Bedford Level Corporation and literary executor of his friend Soame Jenyns; lived at Edward Street, Cavendish Square, London; her will proved 1 February 1806.
Inherited the Chobham Place (Surrey) and Horselydown in Bermondsey (Surrey) estates under the will of Gaisford Thomas in 1721, but did not inherited the Felix Hall estate from his brother, as this was divided between his neices and later sold; in 1729 was living in the parish of St James, Westminster.
He died 18 January 1750
* The Gentleman's Magazine, followed by Venn, Alumni Cantabrigiensis, records a marriage to Elizabeth, daughter of Ambrose Dickins, in 1748 in Northamptonshire, but I have been unable to trace such a marriage and Stotherd Abdy was described as a batchelor when he married his cousin in 1752.

Abdy, Sir Anthony Thomas (c.1720-1775), 5th baronet, barrister and legal agent, MP.  Eldest son of Sir William Abdy (1689-1750),  4th baronet of Felix Hall, and his wife Mary, only daughter of Philip Stotherd of Terling (Essex), born in London c.1720.  Educated at Felsted School (1733-37), St. John’s Coll., Cambridge (adm. pensioner, June 1738 aged 17) and Lincolns Inn (adm. 1738; called to bar 1744; bencher 1758); appointed KC 1765; succeeded his father as 5th baronet of Felix Hall, 18 January 1750; practised as a barrister in chambers, specialising in cases concerning landed property; legal adviser to Lord Thanet and managed the parliamentary borough of Appleby (Westmorland) on his behalf; legal agent to Lord Burlington; his father’s connections with the Jacobite cause led to caution about his election to Parliament or judicial office, but he was Chief Justice of the Isle of Ely 1757-58 and a JP for Surrey by 1767 and was elected as MP for the Cavendish borough of Knaresborough (Yorks) 1763-75, where his speeches dealt with legal questions and he assisted with the drafting of at least one Bill; in his latter years he suffered badly from gout.  Married 13 Aug 1747 Catherine (d. 1792), daughter and co-heiress of William Hamilton of Chancery Lane, London, but died without issue.
He inherited the Chobham Place and Horselydown estates from his father; between 1762 and 1766 he inherited the Albyns estate under the will of his distant cousin, Sir John Abdy (c.1714-59), 4th baronet of Albyns, following the expiry of the life interest of Mrs. Jane Crank (née Abdy) (q.v.); extended the Chobham property by buying part of the tithes there, 1774.  At his death, the title, and the Chobham and Horselydown estates passed to his younger brother Sir William Abdy (c.1732-1803) (q.v.) and the Albyns estate, under the will of Sir John Abdy (c.1714-59), to his nephew, Thomas Abdy Rutherforth [later Abdy] (1755-98) (q.v.).
Died 7 April 1775


Abdy, Sir William (c.1732-1803), 6th baronet, naval officer.  Born 3 January 1732, third son of Sir William Abdy (1689-1750) (q.v.) and his wife Mary, daughter of Philip Stotherd of Terling (Essex); baptised at St James, Westminster, 20 January 1732.  Educated at Felsted School (1741-45); entered the service of the East India Company c.1750 and served as midshipman of True Briton, 1750-52; fourth mate of Stafford, 1753-55; transferred to the Royal Navy and was commander of Beaver in home waters and West Indies, 1761-66; post-captain, 1766 but did not serve again; succeeded elder brother, Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy (c.1720-75) (q.v.) as 6th baronet of Felix Hall, 7 April 1775.  Married 1777 Mary (d. 4 Mar 1829 in Rome), daughter of James Brebner Gordon of Moor Place (Herts) and had issue:
(1) Catherine Mary Abdy (1776-1817), m. Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Fellowes (1778-1853) and had issue (from whom descends the actor, Julian Fellowes);
(2) Sir William Abdy (c.1779-1868) (q.v.);
(3) Charlotte Anne Abdy (1783-1858) m. 1808 Charles Andrew Caldwell (d. 1859), son of Admiral Sir Benjamin Caldwell and had issue;
(4) Harriot Abdy (b. 1786) m. 4 Dec 1817 Rev. George Caldwell, fellow of Jesus Coll, Cambridge, son of Charles Caldwell of Liverpool, and had issue;
He inherited the Chobham Place and Horselydown estates from his brother in 1775 and in 1776 obtained a private Act of Parliament for the sale of property in Bishops Cannings (Wilts), timber on his estate in Essex, and a collection of coins and medals formed by Sir Robert Abdy (1688-1748) (q.v.), 3rd baronet of Albyns.  In 1799 he was living at Great Waltham (Essex).
Died 21 July 1803


Abdy, Sir William (c.1779-1868), 7th baronet, MP. Born c.1779, only son of Sir William Abdy (c.1732-1803) (q.v.) and his wife Mary, daughter of James Brebner Gordon of Moor Place (Herts).  Educated at Eton (1791-93) and Christ Church, Oxford (matric. 1796); Lieutenant in South Essex Militia, 1798; 2nd Lieutenant, Southwark Volunteers, 1807; partner in the Middlesex & Surrey Bank, 1810; MP for Malmesbury, 1817-18; churchwarden for St George, Hanover Square, 1828-29; appointed DL for Middlesex, c.1834.  He married 3 July 1806 Anne (d. 1842), illegitimate daughter of 1st Marquess Wellesley, one of the beauties of Regency London, from whom he was divorced by Act of Parliament, 25 June 1816 after she had eloped with Lord Charles Cavendish-Bentinck, whom she later married
He inherited the Chobham Place and Horselydown estates from his father in 1803 but sold the former in 1809; the Horselydown estate in Southwark he bequeathed to his kinsman Sir Thomas Neville Abdy (1810-77), 1st bt.
He died without legitimate issue, 16 Apr 1868, when the baronetcy expired. He is commemorated by a monument in Chobham church (Surrey)


The Abdy baronets of Albyns and Moores


Abdy, Sir John (1617-1662), 1st baronet. Fourth son of Anthony Abdy (1579-1640) (q.v.) and his wife Abigail, daughter of Sir Thomas Campbell kt.; baptised 4 June 1617 at St Dionis Backchurch, London.  Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge (adm. 1634; BA 1638; MA 1641; Fellow, 1640); consul for the English at Padua while studying at the University there, 1646-47; created 1st baronet of Moores, 22 June 1660.
He was bequeathed the manor of Moores at Salcot Virley (Essex) by his father, 1640
Died without issue, 1662, when the baronetcy became extinct; bequeathed his property to his elder brother, Sir Robert Abdy (1616-1670) (q.v.)

Abdy, Sir Robert (1616-1670), 1st baronet, East India merchant.  Third son of Anthony Abdy (1579-1640) (q.v.) and his wife Abigail, daughter of Sir Thomas Campbell kt.; baptised at St. Dionis Backchurch, 23 Jan 1616.  He was knighted by King Charles II, 4/5 June 1660 and created 1st baronet of Albyns, 9 June 1660.  He married c.1642 Catherine (d. 6 Sept. 1662), daughter of Sir John Gayer kt, Lord Mayor of London in 1646-47 and had issue:
(1) Sir John Abdy (c.1643-91), (q.v.);
(2) Catherine Abdy (b. 1645); bapt. at St. Andrew Undershaft, 29 July 1645;
(3) Mary Abdy (b. 1647), bapt. at St Andrew Undershaft, 27 September 1647; m. 1675 Christopher Smith of Windsor (Berks), gent.;
(4) Sarah Abdy (b. 1649); m. 24 November 1669, Robert Pennington of Chigwell (Essex), esq.;
(5) Elizabeth Abdy (1650-78), bapt. at St Andrew Undershaft, 5 September 1650; married 8 February 1676, Thomas Hall of Kettlethorpe (Lincs)  (who married 2nd, Amy (1648/9-1712/3), daughter of Henry Mildmay of Graces, Little Baddow (Essex) and widow of Vincent Amcotts of Harrington Hall (Lincs) and had further issue), and had issue two daughters; buried 3 January 1677/8;
(6 Abigail Abdy (b. 1651); bapt. at St Andrew Undershaft, 7 November 1651;
(7) Anthony Abdy (b. 1653); bapt. at St Andrew Undershaft, 16 August 1653;
(8) Robert Abdy (b. 1656); bapt. at St Andrew Undershaft, 29 April 1656;
(9) Roger Abdy (b. 1657, died young); baptised at St Andrew Undershaft, 7 July 1657;
(10) Charles Abdy (b. 1658); bapt. at St Andrew Undershaft, 17 March 1658;
(11) Rev. Edward Abdy (1660-1701);
(12) Roger Abdy (b. 1662), baptised at St Andrew Undershaft, 1 September 1662.
He inherited the manor of Brandon (Essex) from his father, 1640; and rented the Albyns estate in Essex, perhaps as early as 1638; bought property at Sandon and Theydon Garnons (Essex), 1652, and the freehold of Albyns, 1654; improved the house at Albyns by the addition of panelling.
He died 1670; will proved PCC 10 November 1670
 

Abdy, Sir John (c.1643-1691), 2nd baronet. Eldest child of Sir Robert Abdy (1616-70), (q.v.) and his first wife, Catherine, daughter of Sir John Gayer kt.; educated at Trinity Coll, Cambridge (matric. 1660) and Middle Temple (adm. 1665); travelled in France 1664; succeeded his father as 2nd baronet of Albyns, 1670.  Married 10 May 1687 in Westminster Abbey (Middx), Jane (1666-1721), only daughter of George Nicholas MP (1635-1707), youngest son of Sir Edward Nicholas kt (1593-1669), Secretary of State to King Charles I and King Charles II, and had issue:
(1) Sir Robert Abdy (1688-1748) (q.v.);
(2) Anne Abdy (b. c.1689);
(3) Jane Abdy (1690-c.1765), m.1732 Rev. Edward Crank (c.1676-1756) (q.v.)
Lived in Covent Garden.
He died intestate 1691; buried at Stapleford Abbots; goods administered 9 Mar 1692 and again 7 Jul 1721


Abdy, Sir Robert (1688-1748), 3rd baronet, MP; Only son of Sir John Abdy (c.1643-91) (q.v.) and his wife Jane, daughter of George Nicholas; baptised 8 Apr 1688; succeeded his father as 3rd baronet of Albyns, 1691, at the age of 3; educated at Trinity Coll, Oxford (matric. 1705); perhaps brought up in London as described as ‘of Covent Garden’ in 1705. Tory MP for Essex, 1727-48; described by Morant in his History of Essex as ‘a man of deep knowledge in antiquity and natural history, a great connoisseur in medals, of which he had a fine collection, and, what is more, a true patriot and a person of unshaken integrity and remarkable humanity’; as this description hints, Abdy was a Jacobite, and seems to have been one of the leaders of the planned Jacobite rising in Essex in 1744; he was apparently privy to the details of the planned French invasion of that year; FSA; acted as a trustee of Lord Petre, 1732-33;.  Married 5 July 1711 Theodosia (d. 8 August 1732), daughter and heir of Dr. George Bramston, master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge and had issue:
(a) Sir John Abdy (c.1714-59), 4th bt. of Albyns (q.v.);
(b) Robert Abdy (c.1715-35), dsp;
(c) Jane Abdy, died young;
(d) Theodosia Abdy (d. 1758), m. 1752 Rev. Stotherd Abdy (c.1728-73) (q.v.), dsp;
He inherited the Albyns estate (Essex) from his father in 1691.
He died 27 Aug 1748 


Abdy, Sir John (c.1714-1759), 4th baronet. Only son of Sir Robert Abdy (1688-1748) and his wife Theodosia, daughter of Dr. George Bramston, master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge; educated at Middle Temple (adm. 1731) and Trinity Coll, Oxford (matric. 1732); succeeded father as 4th baronet of Albyns, 27 August 1748.  Tory MP for Essex, 1748-59.
He inherited manor of Chigwell (Essex) from Elizabeth Bramston, 1745 and the Albyns estate (Essex) from his father; he was the first occupant of 36 Lincoln’s Inn Fields, a house designed by Sir Robert Taylor (rebuilt 1859) and probably also employed Taylor to remodel Albyns c.1754; his portrait painted by Thomas Hudson is now in a private collection); his estates at Albyns were bequeathed for life to his aunt, Jane Crank (née Abdy), with remainder to Sir Anthony Abdy (c.1720-75) (q.v.) of Felix Hall; then to Rev. Stotherd Abdy (c.1728-73) (q.v.), and eventually on the failure of the issue of both to Thomas Abdy Rutherforth [later Abdy] (1755-98) (q.v.).
He died unmarried and without issue, 2 April 1759, when the baronetcy of this creation became extinct; he was buried at Stapleford Abbots (Essex), where he is commemorated by a standing wall monument 


The later Abdys and the second baronetcy of Albyns


Crank, Rev. Edward (c.1676-1756), clergyman.  Born c.1676, son of Edward Crank of Birmingham (Warks).  Educated at Trinity College, Oxford (BA 1695; MA 1698; BD 1708); Proctor of the University of Oxford, 1706; tutor to John Willes, later Attorney General; rector of Stonesfield (Oxon), 1719; vicar of Great Waltham (Essex); appointed rector of Hatford (Berks), 1721 and vicar of Stanford-in-the-Vale (Berks), 1732.  He married 18 Feb. 1732, Jane Abdy (1690-c.1765), dau of Sir John Abdy (c.1643-91), 2nd bt. of Albyns (q.v.), but had no issue.
His widow inherited a life interest in the Albyns estate from her nephew Sir John Abdy (c.1714-59), 4th bt. of Albyns (q.v.), and after her death it passed to Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy (c.1720-75), 5th bt. of Felix Hall (q.v.)
He died 28 June 1756; buried at Hatford (Berks).  His widow died between 1762 and 1766.


Rutherforth, Rev. Dr. Thomas (1712-71), clerk in holy orders.  Son of Rev. Thomas Rutter alias Rutterforth, rector of Papworth St Agnes (Cambs) (1675-c.1733).  Educated at Huntingdon and St. John’s College, Cambridge (sizar 1726; BA 1730; MA 1733; BD 1740; DD 1745); fellow of St. John’s College, Cambridge 1733-52, tutor from 1736, and a candidate for the mastership in 1765; regius professor of divinity at Cambridge University 1756-71; ordained deacon (Lincoln) 1733, and priest (Bristol) 1737; author of scientific and theological works; rector of Barley (Herts) 1751-71, Brinkley (Cambs) 1751-67, Somersham (Hunts) 1756-71 and Shenfield (Essex) 1767-71; Archdeacon of Essex 1752-71; chaplain to Frederick, Prince of Wales and the Princess Dowager.  He was appointed FRS 1743. Married 11 Apr 1752 Charlotte Elizabeth Abdy, daughter of Sir William Abdy (1689-1750) (q.v.) and had issue:
(a) Thomas Abdy Rutherforth [later Abdy] (1755-98) (q.v.);
He died 5 October 1771 at the house of his wife’s brother, Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy (c.1720-75) (q.v.) and was buried in the chancel of Barley church; a memorial slab placed over his tomb was removed in 1871 to the west wall of the south aisle.  His will was proved in PCC 1772.



Abdy (né Rutherforth), Rev. Thomas Abdy (1755-98), clerk in holy orders.  Born 5 December 1755 at Barley (Herts); only child of Dr. Thomas Rutherforth (1712-71) (q.v.) and his wife Charlotte Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Abdy (1689-1750) (q.v.).  Educated at Eton and St. John’s Coll, Cambridge (adm. 1772; BA 1776; MA 1786); in 1775 by royal licence took the name and arms of Abdy in lieu of Rutherforth on inheriting the Albyns estate (Essex) under the will of Sir John Abdy (c.1714-59) and following the expiry of precedent interests; ordained deacon (Ely) 1777 and priest 1779; rector of Theydon Garnons (Essex) 1780-98 and Coopersale (Essex) 1780-98.  Married 13 Jan 1778, Mary (d. 8 Dec. 1820), daughter of James Hayes of Holyport (Berks), a bencher of the Middle Temple, and had issue:
(1) John Rutherforth Abdy (c.1778-1840) (q.v.);
(2) Capt. Anthony Thomas Abdy (c.1780-1838);
(3) Maria Henrietta Abdy (c.1785/6-1862) m. 9 May 1808 St Mary Abbotts Kensington, James Sykes (1780-1816) of London, Navy agent, and had issue two daughters; died 15 March 1862 at Bristol;
(4) Rev. Charles Boyd Abdy (c.1788-1843) ;
(5) Lt-Col. James Nicholas Abdy (1789-1855);
(6) Edward Strutt Abdy (1791-1846) ;
(7) Charlotte Ann Abdy, dsp;
(8) Margaret Abdy, died young;
(9) Mary Abdy (c.1792-1870) m. as his second wife Rev. James Williams JP DL (1770-1846) of Mathern (Monmouth) and had issue; died 31 December 1870;
(10) Caroline Abdy (c.1795-1870), m. Rev. Henry Middleton (d. 1844) of Wanborough (Wilts) and had issue; died 13 April 1870 at Bath (Somerset); will proved PCC 9 May 1870.
He died at the Crown Inn, Reading, while on his way to Bristol, 14 Oct. 1798; buried at Stapleford Abbots


Abdy (alias Hatch-Abdy), John Rutherforth (c.1778-1840), esq.; Born April-June 1778, eldest son of Rev. Thomas Abdy Rutherforth Abdy (1755-98) and his wife Mary, daughter of James Hayes of Holyport (Berks).  Educated at Eton, Felsted and Jesus Coll, Cambridge (matriculated June 1796 aged 18; scholar), Middle Temple (admitted 1789); High Sheriff of Essex, 1809; Captain of the West Essex Militia; appointed Chief Forester of Lambourne & Chigwell Walk, in Waltham Forest, 1812; carried out the inclosure of Stapleford Abbots (Essex), 1821.  He married 17 July 1800, Caroline Elizabeth (d. 5 May 1838), eldest daughter of James Hatch of Clayberry Hall (Essex) but had no issue.
He inherited the Albyns estate (Essex) from his father, 1798; may have employed Humphry Repton to remodel  the grounds there, as the house was depicted in Peacock’s Polite Repository in 1801.
He died without issue 1 Apr 1840 aged 61 and was buried at Little Ilford (Essex), when his estates passed to his nephew, Sir Thomas Neville Abdy (1810-77) (q.v.)


Abdy, Sir Thomas Neville (1810-1877), 1st baronet, MP.  Born 21 December 1810, only child of Capt. Anthony Thomas Abdy (d. 1838) and his wife Grace, illegitimate daughter of Admiral Sir Thomas Rich, bt.  Educated at Westminster School, St John’s Coll, Cambridge (BA 1833) and Middle Temple; played cricket for MCC, 1834; JP and DL for Essex; MP for Lyme Regis (Dorset), 1847-52; created 1st baronet of Albyns of the second creation, 8 Jan. 1850; High Sheriff of Essex, 1875.  Married 19 Oct 1841 at St Marylebone, Hariot (d. 8 July 1877), daughter of Rowland Alston of Pishiobury (Herts) and had issue:
(a) Sir William Neville Abdy (1844-1910) (q.v.);
(b) Grace Emma Townshend Abdy (1846-1923) m. 1872 Lord Albert Leveson-Gower (d. 1874) but dsp;
(c) Sir Anthony Charles Sykes Abdy (1848-1921) (q.v.);
(d) Robert John Abdy (1850-93), 4th dragoon guards; died unmarried and without issue; his will was opposed by his eldest brother on the grounds that 'he had not sufficient mental capacity to make a will' but it was upheld by the courts;
(e) Sir Henry Beadon Abdy (1853-1921) (q.v.).
He inherited the Albyns estate from his uncle, John Rutherforth Abdy (c.1779-1840) (q.v.); and the Horselydown estate in Bermondsey (Surrey) from his kinsman, Sir William Abdy (c.1779-1868) (q.v.); in 1864 his town house was 68 Inverness Terrace, Hyde Park; apparently rented Swynnerton (Staffs), 1870.
He died at 6 Grosvenor Place, Westminster (Middx), 20 July 1877; will proved in Principal Probate Registry 17 October 1877 (effects under £160,000)
 

 
Abdy, Sir William Neville (1844-1910), 2nd baronet.  Born 18 June 1844, eldest son of Sir Thomas Neville Abdy (1810-77) (q.v.) and his wife Hariot, daughter of Rowland Alston of Pishiobury (Herts).  Educated at Merton Coll, Oxford (matric. 1863); student interpreter in China, 1867-68; JP for Essex; succeeded his father as 2nd baronet of Albyns 20 July 1877; High Sheriff of Essex, 1884; freemason. He lived in Paris after his first marriage. Married 1st, 10 July 1883 in Australia, Marie Theresa Petritzka of Prague (who petitioned for divorce, 1890 and d. 17 Sept. 1902) but had no issue; married 2nd, 6 December 1902, Eliza Sarah, daughter of Oscar William Beech, from whom he was divorced 1905, without issue; married 3rd, 16 February 1909, Florence, daughter of Lehmann Louis Cohn and widow of Gen. George Palmer Robinson; but again had no issue.
He inherited the Albyns (Essex) and Horselydown (Surrey) estates from his father in 1877; employed Nevinson & Newton to modernise Albyns, 1898-1901.
Died 9 August 1910, aged 66, leaving his title and estates to his younger brother, Sir Anthony Charles Sykes Abdy (1848-1921), (q.v.)


Abdy, Sir Anthony Charles Sykes (1848-1921), 3rd baronet.  Born 19 September 1848, second son of Sir Thomas Neville Abdy (1810-77) (q.v.) and his wife Hariot, daughter of Rowland Alston of Pishiobury (Herts).  Served in 2nd Life Guards (Captain) in the Egyptian campaign, 1882; military attache in Vienna, 1885; succeeded his elder brother, Sir William Neville Abdy (1844-1910) (q.v.) as the 3rd baronet of Albyns, 9 October 1910.  Married 11 November 1886, The Hon. Alexandrina Victoria Macdonald (d. 4 March 1953), youngest daughter of 4th Baron Macdonald and had issue:
(1) Grace Lilian Abdy (1887-1983) m. 1917 The Hon. Henry Cavendish Butler (1868-1950), later 8th Earl of Lanesborough and had issue;
(2) Violet Abdy (1892-1957) m. 1925 Hugh Godsal (d. 1936), elder son of Hugh Godsal of Ruscombe Down, Twyford and had issue one son;
(3) Constance Mary Abdy (1895-1981) m. 1941 Harold Frederic Andorsen OBE, barrister, only son of Harald Andorsen, kt. of Order of St Olaf;
Inherited the Albyns (Essex) and Horselydown (Surrey) estates from his brother, 1910; sold pictures from Albyns at Christies, 1910; lived at 10 Lowndes Square until 1912 and thereafter at 100 Eaton Square.
Died 17 May 1921, leaving his title and estates to his younger brother Sir Henry Beadon Abdy (1853-1921) (q.v.)


Abdy, Sir Henry Beadon (1853-1921), 4th baronet.  Born 13 July 1853, youngest son of Sir Thomas Neville Abdy (1810-77) (q.v.) and his wife Hariot, daughter of Rowland Alston of Pishiobury (Herts.  He succeeded his elder brother Sir Anthony Charles Sykes Abdy (1848-1921) as 4th baronet of Albyns, 17 May 1921.  He married, 22 March 1891, Anna Adele Coronna (d. 1920) of Berlin (Germany), and had issue:
(1) Gladys Erica Abdy (1892-1974), born 23 May 1892, m. 1919 Col. Patrick Campbell Andersen DSO MC (d. 1965);
(2) William Neville Abdy (1895-1911); educated at Charterhouse School; died in Hanover (Germany), unmarried and without issue;
(3) Sir Robert Henry Edward Abdy (1896-1976) (q.v.);
He inherited the Albyns (Essex) and Horselydown (Surrey) estates from his brother, Sir Anthony Charles Sykes Abdy (1848-1921) (q.v.), 1921
He died 1 December 1921, leaving his title and estates to his only surviving son. His wife died 21 March 1920.


Abdy, Sir Robert Henry Edward Abdy (1896-1976), 5th baronet. Born 11 September 1896, second but only surviving son of Sir Henry Beadon Abdy (1853-1921) (q.v.), 4th baronet, and his wife Anna Adele Coronna.  Educated at Charterhouse and RMC Sandhurst; Lt., 15th/19th Kings Hussars, 1915-18; succeeded father as 5th baronet, 1 Dec. 1921; described in his obituary as ‘a strange mixture of passion and taste and prejudice, of extreme secretiveness and strong self-will’.  In the 1920s he worked as an art dealer in Paris. Married 1st (div. 1928), 23 June 1923, Iya (d. 1993), daughter of George de Gay, dramatist of St. Petersburg (Russia) and formerly wife of Gerrit Jongeyans; married 2nd, 10 February 1930 (div. 1962), Lady (Helen) Diana Bridgeman (d. 7 May 1967), eldest daughter of 5th Earl of Bradford; married 3rd, 5 Sept. 1962 (div. 1973), Jane (1934-2015), art historian and dealer, daughter of Dr. John Noble, and had issue:
(2.1) Sir Valentine Robert Duff Abdy (1937-2012) (q.v.);
Inherited the Albyns (Essex) and Horselydown (Surrey) estates from his father in 1921, but sold the Albyns estate, 1926; bought the Newton Ferrers (Cornwall) estate, 1936 and redecorated the house in a sharply fashionable, almost Art Deco, Classical manner, but the house was burnt 1940 and only partly restored afterwards.
He died 16 November 1976; his will was proved 14 April 1977 (estate £30,423). His first wife died in 1993. His second wife suffered brain damage in a car crash in 1956 and died, 7 May 1967. His third wife lived in London after her divorce and died 22 December 2015.


Abdy, Sir Valentine Robert Duff (1937-2012), 6th baronet.  Born 11 September 1937, only child of Sir Robert Henry Edward Abdy (1896-1976) (q.v.), 5th baronet and his second wife, Lady (Helen) Diana Bridgeman, daughter of the 5th Earl of Bradford.  Educated at Eton; succeeded his father as 6th baronet of Albyns, 1976; European Representative (1983-95 and 1998-2012) and member of National Board (1995-98) of Smithsonian Institute, Washington; administrator of Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Paris; Special Adviser to International Fund for Protection of Culture, UNESCO, since 1991; member, Scientific Committee of the Conservatoire Nationale des Arts et Metiers since 1992; FRSA 1998; Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres (France).  He married 1st, 4 June 1962 (div. 1964), Catherine Chassin-Briault (b. 1940) (the actress k/a Yori Bertin); 2nd, 1971 (div. 1982), Mathilde Marie Alexe Christianne, daughter of Etienne Coche de la Férte and 3rd, February 1989 (div.) at St. Germans (Cornwall), Leslie Jean Porter (b. 1960), an American artist and film producer, and had issue:
(2.1) Sir Robert Etienne Eric Abdy, 7th bt. (b. 1978).
Inherited the Newton Ferrers (Cornwall) estate and the residue of the Horselydown estate in Southwark from his father in 1976, but sold Newton Ferrers in the 1990s and later lived mainly in France.
Died 27 June 2012, aged 74; his will was proved 5 June 2013. His first wife had four further marriages to three husbands and is now living. His second wife married 2nd, 1982, Edouard Etienne Alphonse de Rothschild (b. 1957). His third wife is now living.

Sources

Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 1924, pp. 1393-94; VCH Surrey, vol. 3, 1911, pp. 413-19; Country Life, 17 & 24 December 1938, 9 January 1940; J. Harris, ‘The Prideaux Collection of topographical drawings’, Architectural History, 1964, pp. 19-108; J.M. Robinson, The latest country houses, 1984, pp. 45-46; D.E. Pett, The parks and gardens of Cornwall, 1998, pp. 232-33; P. Beacham & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Cornwall, 3rd edn, 2014, pp. 384-85; http://freepages.family.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~londonaye/abdy_family.htm; http://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/aa/abdy1.php#top; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdy_baronets;
http://www.qualifiedstonemason.com/newtonferrers.php

Revision
This account was first published 23 February 2013 and was updated 1 May 2014, 3 November 2015, 7 & 16 January, 13 & 16 February, 3 & 11 March, 25 April and 18 June 2016. I am grateful to John Venning for his suggestions and corrections to my account of Newton Ferrers and for further information about the Abdy family.

1 comment:

  1. My Aunt was employed by Lady Diana as housekeeper at Newton Ferrers in WW 2, upon hearing that my Aunts sister (my mother) was expecting a child (me) she kindly offered a cottage on the estate to my mother and some other family members ,as the North East of England was being heavily bombed.Lady Diana was very kind to my mother and the rest of the family, and i was born
    in Looe (Dec 43) ihave in my possession letters and photo of Lady D and Valentine sent to mother

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