|Benson of Lutwyche Hall|
Lutwyche Hall, Rushbury, ShropshireThe house stands on Wenlock Edge at the northern end of Rushbury parish, but much closer to Easthope, where many of the Bensons are buried. The Lutwyche family, who took their name from the manor, were established here by the 14th century, and by the early 16th century the manor house was evidently a gabled structure of coursed limestone rubble. Two gable-ends on the rear (north-west) elevation and the cellars may be survivals from this time. Edward Lutwyche, a Chancery cursitor, who had inherited by 1586, largely rebuilt it as an H-plan manor house, and a datestone of 1587 (though not thought to be original) may provide the approximate date of construction. The new work was in fashionable red brick, decorated with a diaper pattern in blue bricks. As first built, the house was very similar to nearby Shipton Hall, built for Edward's brother John a few years later: it had a short central hall range with symmetrical gabled cross-wings and tall thin towers in the re-entrant angles on the entrance side. The base of the northern tower formed a porch leading into a screens passage with a stair turret at its far end. The house was taxed on fourteen hearths in 1672. Little is known about the original interiors of the house, but in 1735 the Rev. William Mytton visited Lutwyche and described and made sketches of heraldic glass in the windows which survive among his papers at Birmingham University.
|Lutwyche Hall: watercolour by Moses Griffiths, 1793, showing the 18th century alterations. Image: Miles Wynn Cato.|
|Lutwyche Hall: the entrance hall in 1974. Image: Historic England.|
|Lutwyche Hall: staircase in 1974. Image: Historic England|
|Lutwyche Hall: the entrance front as remodelled in the mid 19th century by F.P. Cockerell. Image: Historic England|
Benson family of Lutwyche Hall
(X1) Ralph Benson (1772-1845) (q.v.);
(X2) James Benson (b. 1773), born 23 October and baptised at Kingston (Jamaica), 30 October 1773; probably died young in the lifetime of his father as he is not mentioned in the latter's will;(X3) John Benson (b. 1775), baptised at Kingston (Jamaica), 2 December 1775; probably died young in the lifetime of his father as he is not mentioned in the latter's will;(X4) Mary Benson (1777-1858), born 10 February 1777 and baptised at Kingston (Jamaica), 3 February 1779; married, 4 November 1817 at St Mark, Liverpool, Rev. Charles Thomas Gladwin (c.1786-1846), vicar of St Martin-in-the-Fields, Liverpool; died 7 August 1858; will proved 24 August 1858 (effects under £25,000 but later resworn as under £450!);(X5) twin, Moses Benson (1780-1837), born 13 February 1780 and baptised at Kingston (Jamaica), 3 April 1781; merchant in Liverpool, who succeeded to his father's business and was bankrupted, 1828; an officer in Royal Liverpool Volunteers (Capt. 1803); married, 23 September 1803 at Christ Church, Liverpool, Margaret (c.1778-1854), daughter of Capt. John Kendall, and had issue; died 1 March, and was buried at St James, Toxteth, Liverpool (Lancs), 7 March 1837;(X6) twin, Jane Dorothy Benson (1780-1861), born 13 February 1780 and baptised at Kingston (Jamaica), 3 April 1781; married at St Peter, Liverpool, , 29 April 1800 and again 15 February 1801, Richard Elmhirst (1771-1847) of West Ashby Grove (Lincs), and had issue five sons and six daughters; died 11 August 1861; will proved 13 September 1801 (effects under £800).
(1) Moses George Benson (1798-1871) (q.v.);(2) Rev. Ralph Lewen Benson (1799-1849), born 6 May and baptised at St Stephen, Byrom St., Liverpool, 5 June 1799; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1819; BA 1823; MA 1825); rector of Easthope; married, 28 August 1827 at St Mary, Bryanston Sq., St Marylebone (Middx), Amelia St. George Browne (1807-73), daughter of John Dyer, surgeon with the East India Co., and had issue two sons; died 23 August 1849.
(1) Dora Georgina Harrington Benson (1827-80), born 27 May and baptised at Hanley Castle (Worcs), 1 June 1827; married, 22 November 1853 at Easthope, Rev. Frederick Jonathan Richards (1824-96), vicar of Boxley (Kent), 1853-96, second son of William Parry Richards, and had issue one son and three daughters; died 3 June and was buried at Boxley, 9 June 1880; administration of her goods granted to her husband, 9 September 1880 (effects under £200);(2) Ralph Augustus Benson (1828-86) (q.v.);(3) Charlotte Julia Mary Benson (1830-94), baptised at Cheltenham, 26 July 1830; lived latterly at Llanfyllin (Montgomerys.); died unmarried, 13 October, and was buried at Easthope, 18 October 1894; will proved 15 November 1894 (effects £7,960);(4) twin, Mary Elizabeth Benson (1832-93), baptised at Hanley Castle (Worcs), 7 March 1832; lived latterly with her twin sister at Leamington Spa (Warks); died unmarried and was buried at Easthope, 20 April 1893; administration of goods granted to her sister, 15 June 1893 (effects £3,326);(5) twin, Fanny Mary Benson (1832-1901), baptised at Hanley Castle, 7 March 1832; lived latterly with her twin sister at Leamington Spa (Warks); died unmarried, 11 February 1901; will proved 2 May 1901 (estate £9,872);(6) Rev. Riou George Benson (1834-96), born 1 December 1834 and baptised at Hanley Castle (Worcs), 26 January 1835; educated at Durham University (L.Th, 1859); ordained deacon and priest, 1860; rector of Hope Bowdler (Shrops.), 1860-96; JP for Shropshire; married, 11 April 1861 at Honley (Yorks WR), Mary (1840-1913), daughter of Thomas Brooke of Northgate House, Honley, merchant, and had issue seven sons and six daughters; died 18 January and was buried at Hope Bowdler, 21 January 1896; administration of goods granted 8 May 1896 (estate £10,254);(7) Madeline Barbara Benson (1837-1909), born at Brussels (Belgium), 28 July 1837; married, 31 January 1882 at Easthope, Rev. Louis Arthur Cockerell (1836-1929), rector of North Weald (Essex), son of Rev. Henry Cockerell, but had no issue; died 12 March 1909; will proved 11 May 1909 (estate £4,063);(8) Philip Riou Henry Benson (1842-66), born 4 June and baptised at Hanley Castle, 28 July 1842; farmer at Stoneburn Station, Dunedin (New Zealand); drowned in the sinking of the steamship London in the Bay of Biscay, 11 January 1866; administration of goods granted to his father, 4 July 1866 (effects under £1,500);(9) Lyde Ernest George Benson (1845-1924), born 27 May and baptised at Hanley Castle, 19 July 1845; educated at St John's College, Oxford (matriculated 1864) and the Inner Temple (admitted 1868; called 1872); barrister-at-law; JP for Shropshire; lived at Larden Cottage (Shrops.); married, 5 May 1885 at Rushbury (Shrops.), Emily Harriet (1858-1932), daughter of Rev. Frederick Harry Hotham, rector of Rushbury, and had issue one son; died 12 September 1924 and was buried at Easthope; will proved 8 December 1924 (estate £14,892).
(1) Ralph Beaumont Benson (1862-1911) (q.v.);(2) Frederica Mary Benson (1863-1928), baptised at St Paul, Knightsbridge (Middx), 19 June 1863; married, 14 January 1891 at St Margaret, Westminster (Middx), Francis Edward Prescott-Decie (1861-1927) of Bockleton Court (Worcs), barrister-at-law, son of Col. Richard Prescott-Decie, and had issue one son and three daughters; died 5 September 1928 and was buried at Bockleton (Worcs); will proved 20 December 1928 (estate £3,407);(3) Vice-Adm. Robert Edmund Ross Benson (1864-1927), born 23 April and baptised at St James, Dover, 5 June 1864; joined the Royal Navy, 1877 (Midshipman, 1879; Sub-Lt., 1883; Lt., 1887; Cdr., 1900; Capt., 1906; retired as Rear-Adm., 1918; Vice-Adm., 1923); appointed CB, 1916; married 1st, 25 May 1897 at Kingswear (Devon), Williama Margaret (1871-1924), eldest daughter of Lt-Col. St. John Edward Daubeny of The Beacon, Kingswear (Devon) and had issue one son (who died young); married 2nd, 5 August 1926 at Pyrford (Surrey), Alice Helen (1882-1980), only daughter of Charles Echlin Gerahty of The Yews, Whitchurch (Hants); died 3 February 1927; will proved 12 April 1927 (estate £6,422);(4) Philippa Jessie Benson (1866-1930), baptised at St Paul, Knightsbridge, 10 March 1866; died unmarried, 19 September 1930; will proved 2 December 1930 and 21 April 1931 (estate £10,774);(5) George Conolly Benson (1867-1900), born 12 March and baptised at St James, Dover, 5 May 1867; educated at Eton and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; an officer in the army (2nd Lt., 1887; Lt. 1890; Capt., 1898) who was seconded to the Colonial Service in the Gold Coast; died unmarried when he was killed near Kumasi (Ghana), 29 August 1900; will proved 2 November 1900 (estate £3,228).
(1) George Reginald Benson (1888-1961) (q.v.);(2) Catherine Maia Benson (1890-99); baptised at Easthope (Shrops.), 10 May 1890; died young, 22 May and was buried at Easthope, 26 May 1899;(3) Stella Benson (1892-1933), baptised at Easthope, 6 March 1892; a sickly and nervous child who received little formal education; she worked for suffragist organisations and charities in London before travelling to America and then China, where she met her husband; between 1915 and 1931 she produced eight novels of which Tobit transformed (1931) is the best-known today, as well as short stories and travel writing; she married, 27 September 1921, James Carew O'Gorman Anderson (1893-1946), a commissioner in the Chinese customs service (who m2, 1935, Veronica Beatrice (1905-88), daughter of Hon. Sir Frank Trevor Roger Bigham, a deputy Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, and had issue two sons and one daughter), only son of Brig-Gen. Sir Francis Anderson KBE CB of Ballydavid (Co. Waterford), but had no issue; died of pneumonia at Hongay (Vietnam), 6 December, and was buried there, 7 December 1933; administration of her goods granted 16 April 1934 (effects in England, £5,939);(4) Stephen Riou Benson (1896-1961), born 11 October 1896; educated at Charterhouse and Inner Temple (admitted 1920; called 1923); barrister-at-law; Recorder of Abingdon, 1929; deputy chairman of Oxfordshire Quarter Sessions, 1958-61; a Conservative in politics, he stood unsuccessfully for Parliament in the West Ham South constituency in 1935 and was a member of London County Council (for Wandsworth, Balham and Tooting), 1937-42; married, 28 February 1935 at St Mary, West Kensington (Middx), Phyllis Mary (1900-78), daughter of Henry Charles Hawkins of Addington (Surrey), rope manufacturer, and widow of Edwin Cawston (d. 1928) of Frinton-on-Sea (Essex), and had issue two sons; died 29 November and was buried at St Mary, Addington (Surrey), 4 December 1961; will proved 7 January 1963 (estate £500).
(1.1) Ralph Benson (1919-94), born 17 March 1919; educated at Eton and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; an officer in the Coldstream Guards (2nd Lt., 1939; Lt., 1941; Capt., 1946; ret. 1951); private secretary to Governor of Northern Ireland, 1952-55; married 1st, 19 November 1947, Helen Mary (d. 1951), younger daughter of Lt-Col. Charles Walter Villiers CBE DSO and formerly wife of Capt. Nicholas Richard Michael Eliot (1914-88), Lord Eliot (later 9th Earl of St Germans), and had issue one son and one daughter; married 2nd, 18 September 1952, Wanda (1924-74), only daughter of Lt-Col. Francis Leger Christian Livingstone-Learmonth CMG; died 28 November 1994; will proved 3 April 1995 (estate under £125,000);(1.2) Georgina Benson (1921-97), born 31 August 1921; married 2 February 1947 (div. 1954), as his second wife, Claude Mowbray Berkeley (1906-78), only son of Sir Ernest James Lennox Berkeley KCMG CB (1857-1932), and had issue one son and one daughter; died August 1997;(1.3) John Benson (1922-55), born 19 September 1922; died unmarried at Harts Hospital, Woodford Green (Essex), a tuberculosis sanatorium, 10 May 1955; will proved 24 June 1955 (estate £213);(1.4) Riou Benson (1923-2014), born 27 November 1923; educated at Stowe; solicitor in London; married, 11 February 1950 at St Nicholas, Arundel (Sussex), Elizabeth Mary (1922-2010), youngest daughter of Ven. John Godber of West Tarring (Sussex), and had issue two sons and one daughter; died 17 January 2014; will proved 22 May 2014;(1.5) Barbara Benson (1930-2020), born 11 September 1930; married, 21 April 1958 at Berne (Switzerland), Robert Charles Frederick Eden (1916-2014), son of Frederick Morton Eden of Allmendingen, Berne (Switzerland), and had issue one son and one daughter; died 7 January 2020.
Location of archives
Coat of arms
Can you help?
- Can anyone provide photographs or portraits of the people whose names appear in bold above, for whom no image is currently shown?
- If anyone can offer further information or corrections to any part of this article I should be most grateful. I am always particularly pleased to hear from current owners or the descendants of families associated with a property who can supply information from their own research or personal knowledge for inclusion.