Thursday, 30 March 2017

(255) Godwin-Austen of Shalford House

Austen of Shalford
The Austen family can be traced back to John Austen (d. 1487) of Toddington (Beds), whose son, John Austen (d. 1553) moved to Surrey. The family was evidently connected with Guildford as early as 1509 when a John Austen of that borough executed the will of one of its most important benefactors. John's son, John Austen (d. 1572) was a wealthy merchant in the town, which he served as MP in 1563 and mayor in 1566. As the town's MP, he was probably responsible for steering a bill about the foundation of a grammar school through Parliament, and he was one of the chief contributors to the cost of the project. He died in April 1572 and the building of the school was seen through to completion by his younger son, George Austen (c.1548-1621), who, like his father, was a merchant in the town.

John's eldest son, yet another John Austen (d. 1612), was also a merchant but on a larger stage. He was a freeman of the city of London and a member of the Haberdashers' company, but his chief activities were as an overseas merchant, trading with the Mediterranean and the Levant. He spent much of his early adulthood abroad, living in Venice, which remained at that time the chief centre for trade with the Near East. When he returned to England he lived in London until his retirement from business in about 1598. Both John and his brother George had for some years being converting their profits into landed property by buying small parcels of land around Guildford, and in 1599 they joined forces to jointly purchase the rectory manor of Shalford. John then settled down to the management of their estates, while George - who remained active in business and public affairs - oversaw the building of a new house on their property at Shalford. Although the two men held equal moieties of the Shalford property, the deal was probably from the beginning that John, who was childless, would bequeath his estate to George's eldest son and heir. This was supposed to be the son of George's first marriage, Samuel Austen (1578-1607), but after he died in the lifetime of his father and uncle, it was the eldest surviving son of George's second marriage, John Austen (1588-1660) who came into a double inheritance from his father and uncle.

This John may have followed his uncle into a career as a London merchant venturer, and evidently had some involvement with the newly-founded East India Company, but from the early 1620s he established himself as a landed gentleman. His views and religious opinions were Puritan, and during the Civil War he was an active supporter of the Parliamentarian cause and served with Lord Onslow's Surrey Militia in both England and Ireland. His elder son died during the Commonwealth and he was succeeded at his death by his second son, George Austen (1632-c.1671), of whose abilities and discretion his will suggests he had a rather low opinion. George was married twice and produced four sons, of whom the three eldest went on to inherit the Shalford estate in turn. It is not quite clear when George died, but his eldest son John Austen (1654-1702) was evidently dealing with estate matters by 1672, even though he would then still have been a minor. John married in 1686 but produced no children, and when he died in 1702 he was succeeded by his brother Robert Austen (1657-1718), who was Colonel of the Surrey militia but like his brother produced no children. At his death, therefore, the estate passed to his half-brother, George Austen (1664-1728), of whom almost nothing seems to be recorded. We know only that he disinherited his eldest son, John Austen, whom he thought was a spendthrift, 'given to riotous living, chambering and wantonness', in favour of his younger son, Robert Austen (c.1700-59). Robert was a bachelor who lived at Shalford with his sister Elizabeth until her death in 1744. Elizabeth, who was also unmarried, had a companion called Joan Street (1702-69). After Elizabeth's death, she remained at Shalford and played an increasing part in the management of the estate for Robert, who finally married her in 1751. 

When Robert Austen died in 1759 he had no close relatives to inherit Shalford, and after leaving Joan a life interest in the property he selected as his heirs her two nephews, Henry and Robert Stoffold, on condition that they took the name of Austen. It has been suggested in the past that the two boys were in fact the illegitimate children of Robert and Joan, but there is a good deal of evidence to suggest that this is not true. Failing that, their adoption as Robert's heirs has been cited as an example of the influence Joan came to wield over her husband, since they were her kin, not his. However, it now appears that they probably did have Austen blood in their veins after all. Their father, William Stoffold alias Stovold, was born in 1704, and was the son of another William Stovold, who lived at Elstead (Surrey) and married 'Sarah Astin' of Thursley at Farnham in 1703. Since the name Austen is commonly rendered Astin in contemporary sources, it seems more than likely that she was a descendant of one of the many sons of George Austen (d. 1621), although I have not been able to trace the precise relationship.

When Henry and Robert came into their inheritance on Joan Austen's death in 1769, they agreed to divide the property between them. Henry Austen (as he became in 1760), the elder brother, took Shalford House and the adjacent estate. Robert Austen, who was a lawyer in London, received the outlying parts of the estate and purchased additional properties in the area as opportunities arose. Henry Austen (1735-86) was unmarried and so when he died the estate was reunited in the ownership of his brother. It was Robert Austen (1739-97) who remodelled the Jacobean house at Shalford, adding an extra storey, refenestrating the exterior with regular sash windows, and creating a fashionable new drawing room with a music room above it. Robert was noted as a connoisseur of art and a numismatist, and he wanted his coin collection to remain at Shalford as an heirloom, but his son obtained parliamentary authority for its sale to the Bank of England, where it formed the nucleus of a collection that was later passed on to the British Museum.

If Robert Austen's life was outwardly successful, his domestic relationships were less harmonious. He married Frances Annesley Gregory, the daughter of a London surgeon, and the couple had eight children, of whom only three survived to adulthood. In the 1790s, his wife became a Methodist and he found her religious enthusiasm so unsettling that he sought legal advice on whether it constituted grounds for a separation. In the event, he died before he could bring this about, and she went on to marry again, become a Roman Catholic and separate from her second husband, before returning to the Church of England in old age (she died in 1845 at the age of 94). 

When Robert died in 1797 his only son and heir was a boy of twelve. Shalford House was let during his minority and although Henry Edmund Austen (1785-1871) and his half-French first wife lived there from 1808 until 1821, after that the family spent increasing amounts of time in France, and Shalford was again let. A Whig by inclination, Henry was an active supporter of parliamentary reform, and although he was himself never an MP, his support was valued sufficiently for him to be knighted and made a Gentleman of the Bedchamber in 1832. One wonders how he helped the cause, as there was even consideration of giving him a peerage, although this proposal was dropped, partly because of opposition from Sir Henry's eldest son, who would have been in line to inherit the title, who did not consider that the resources of the estate would support the dignity of a title.

Sir Henry's first wife died in France in 1837, and six years later he married the widow of Sir Robert Pocklington of Chelsworth Hall (Suffk).
Chelsworth Hall in the late 19th century.
Lady Pocklington, who died in 1856, had a life interest in Chelsworth Hall and the couple lived there and again let Shalford. This may have been at her insistence, but it may be one of several pieces of evidence that suggests that Sir Henry was not all that fond of his ancestral home. Both houses were Georgian and Chelsworth was rather smaller than Shalford, so there was no obvious reason why he should have preferred Chelsworth. When Sir Henry developed antiquarian interests, he wrote a history of Chelsworth, not of Shalford, and when his second wife died and her son came into possession of Chelsworth Hall he went to live in London, with occasional sorties to France, rather than returning to Shalford. (Sir Henry's granddaughter, Giuliana, later married the heir to Chelsworth Hall and rebuilt the house in about 1900).


Sir Henry's heir was Robert Alfred Cloyne Austen (1808-84), who went up to Oxford in 1826, where he studied under the celebrated geologist and zoƶphage, William Buckland (1784-1856), and himself became a noted geologist. Robert married in 1833 and lived at first in Devon, where some of his most notable geological work was done.
Chilworth Manor: the front block remodelled in the mid 19th century.
He moved back to Surrey in 1838, but after quarrelling with his father in 1840 lived in rented accommodation close to Shalford. From 1846 until he inherited the Shalford estate in 1871 his home was at Chilworth Manor, which had recently been bought by Henry Drummond of Albury Park, and it may well have been Robert who was responsible for the neo-Jacobean remodelling of the front block of Chilworth Manor, which gave the house its present appearance. Robert's wife, Maria Elizabeth (1813-1904), was the only child and heiress of Maj-Gen. Sir Henry Thomas Godwin, and after Sir Henry died in 1853 the couple and their children took the additional name of Godwin by royal licence. The Godwin-Austens finally got possession of Shalford in 1871 and carried out some alterations and additions in 1875, which were perhaps completed before they moved from Chilworth. 


Maria Elizabeth seems to have been responsible for introducing a gene for longevity into the Godwin-Austen family. She herself lived to be ninety, despite having eighteen children in twenty-three years. Eight of her children lived into their nineties and two of her daughters became centenarians: Charlotte Godwin-Austin (later Armstrong), who died aged 104 in November 1943, is I think the longest-lived person I have recorded so far among the landed gentry families of Britain and Ireland. The heir to Shalford was Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen (1834-1923), who found fame as an explorer, cartographer, geologist and naturalist. Working for the Indian Army survey department in the 1860s and 1870s he mapped the Karakoram mountains for the first time, and K2, the second highest peak in the Himalayas, was named in his honour as Mount Godwin-Austen, although the name is now rarely used. Henry retired from the army in 1877 on the grounds of ill-health and returned to England, and although he then quickly recovered his health and continued his academic interests, he devoted increasing amounts of time to management of the Shalford estate after he inherited it in 1884. This was the period of the Agricultural Depression, however, and the estate slid inexorably into financial difficulties, which resulted in Henry's bankruptcy in 1898 and the sale of Shalford House the following year. The house was used subsequently as a school and an hotel before being demolished in the 1960s.
Smithbrook Manor, Cranleigh: a 15th and 17th century
house extended in 1970.
The rest of the estate remained intact, however. Henry moved to Nore Farm, one of the subsidiary properties on the estate, where he converted to Buddhism and built a small shrine in the grounds. (Nore Farm was later sold and was owned in the 1960s by the actor, Dirk Bogarde). When he died in 1923 Henry left the estate to a body of trustees, as his only son, Robert Arthur Godwin-Austen (1863-1948) was a 'black sheep' who had drunk and gambled his way through a career in the army and had finally been expelled from his regiment. The trustees made Robert Arthur an allowance and provided him with a home at Smithbrook Manor, but allowed him little role in running the estate. In later life, he evidently mellowed into 'a delightful old gentleman', and in the 1930s, he was instrumental in helping the secretive 'Ferguson's Gang' acquire the derelict Shalford Mill from his trustees, restore it, and present it to The National Trust. Indeed, he himself became a subscribing member of the gang under the soubriquet 'Pious Yudhishthira'. 


In 1948, Major Robert Godwin-Austen died leaving no children, and the estate passed to his first cousin, Robert Annesley Godwin-Austen (1885-1977), who had recently retired after a distinguished career in the colonial service. He also lived at Smithbrook Manor, but this house too was apparently sold in about 1970. He left two sons, the eldest of whom, Lt-Col. Robert Haversham Godwin-Austen (b. 1932), took over the management of the estate and lives today in a farmhouse at Shalford; he handed over the 1,300 estate to his only son, Stephen Godwin-Austen (b. 1962) in about 2000, who is the current chairman of the Surrey branch of the Country Landowners Association. 
Papplewick Hall: the house of 1781-87 restored in the 1980s
by Dr R.B. Godwin-Austen.  Image: Nick Kingsley. Some rights reserved.
The younger brother, Dr. Richard Bertram Godwin-Austen, trained as a doctor of medicine and was for many years a consultant neurologist at hospitals in Derby and Nottingham. In the early 1980s he and his wife bought and restored Papplewick Hall in Nottinghamshire, a charming house of the 1780s, which had fallen into sad disrepair under the elderly previous owners. As part of the restoration, they installed in the dining room at Papplewick the fine fireplace of the 1790s (illustrated below) which was formerly in the drawing room at Shalford House, and which the family must have bought at the demolition sale of Shalford in the 1960s. 



Shalford House, Surrey


The house was first built around 1610 close to the parish church. It is said to be near the site of the old rectory manor-house, but the actual site was called the Timber Yard in contemporary documents. The surviving building accounts, which cover only the years from 1608 to 1610, show that it was built of stone and brick, and there is said to be a watercolour of 1770, showing the house in its original form, although I have not been able to trace this. Although the house was much altered later, some elements of its original decoration survived and were recorded before demolition. 


Shalford House: Oak Room chimneypiece, from an engraving of 1841.

The corner room at the north-west angle of the house had a fine armorial overmantel, panelling and a plaster ceiling which is said once to have had the initials of the original builders although it looks later than the early 17th century in surviving views. The carved mantelpiece bore the unusual motto 'Heyme incalesco, aestate refrigero' (In winter I heat; in summer I cool). Other rooms had further timber fireplaces and overmantels which were either made up in the 18th or 19th century from fragments or else imported from elsewhere (one chalk fireplace, dated 1609, came from Tyting Farm). Work of the mid to late 17th century was apparent in the staircase, which had a balustrade of dumb-bell balusters.

Shalford House: entrance front shortly before demolition in 1968. Image: Historic England.

Shalford House: the curved bow window dated from the 1790s alterations; the block beyond from 1875.
Image: Historic England
A more radical remodelling of the house was undertaken in the late 18th century: an additional storey was added and the house was refenestrated as a two-and-a-half storey block of eight bays by five, with an Ionic four column porch in the centre of the north front shielding a doorcase with a fine fanlight, up to the best Dublin standard. Inside, the main rooms on the west side (the ground-floor drawing room and the Music Room above it) were given a bow window and ornate plaster ceilings. The very fine drawing room chimneypiece, now in the dining room at Papplewick Hall, may be related to a surviving bill of 1795.

Shalford House: drawing room, shortly before demolition. Image: Historic England.




Shalford House: chimneypiece probably of 1795, now at Papplewick Hall (Notts). Image: Historic England.
Further additions were made at the south-west corner of the house in 1875 for R.A.C. Austen and included a new dining room for which a chalk fireplace with the date 1609, was brought from Tyting Farm. 

When H.H. Godwin-Austen became bankrupt, the house was sold in 1899 for use as a boys' school. In 1908 it was converted into an hotel and the grounds were thereafter developed as a golf course. The property was acquired by Guildford Corporation in 1939 so that the grounds could become a public park. Hotel use of the house ceased at the outbreak of the Second World War, and from then until the 1960s it was used as offices. After it had stood empty for a period, the house was demolished in 1968; a factory stands on the site today. 

Descent: site sold 1599 to John Austen (d. 1612) and his brother George Austen (c.1548-1621), who jointly built the house; to George's son, Col. John Austen (1590-1660); to son, George Austen (1632-71?); to son, John Austen (1654-1702); to brother, Col. Robert Austen (1657-1718); to brother, George Austen (1664-1728); to son, Robert Austen (c.1700-59); to widow, Joan Austen (1702-69); to her nephews by marriage, Henry Stoffold (later Austen) (1735-86) and Robert Stoffold (later Austen) (1739-97), who divided the manor between them until Henry's death; to Sir Henry Edmund Austen (1785-1871), kt.; to son, Robert Alfred Cloyne Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1808-84); to son, Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen (1834-1923), who sold 1899 for conversion to a boys' school; it became an hotel by 1908 and was bought with 117 acres by Guildford Corporation in 1939. The house was then let as offices to the Cornhill Insurance Co. until demolition in 1968.


Austen (later Godwin-Austen) family



Austen, John (d. 1612). Elder son of John Austen (d. 1572), merchant of Guildford, and his wife Joan (d. 1582), daughter of William Snelling of East Horsley (Surrey). He was a citizen of London and a member of the Haberdasher's Guild, and spent much of his early adulthood abroad, trading in the Levant and in Venice. He was later chiefly a Merchant Adventurer, funding the trading voyages of others, and lived in London until his retirement in c.1598. MP for Guildford, 1563; Mayor of Guildford, 1566. Family tradition alleges that he married in Venice, the Contessa Giuliana Grimani, but there is no documentary evidence for this marriage, which is perhaps unlikely on legal and religious grounds: it may have been a story spun around a portrait, reputedly of the Contessa, which was in the family's possession by the 19th century. He was without issue.
He invested the profits of his activities as a merchant in buying property around Guildford and Shalford, culminating in the purchase (jointly with his brother George) of the Rectory Manor of Shalford and Bramley in 1599. They commenced building Shalford House in 1601 and it was completed in 1611. At his death his share of the estate passed to John, the eldest son of his brother George.
He was buried at Shalford, 11 February 1611/2; his will was proved 14 February 1611/2.

Austen, George (c.1548-1621). Younger son of John Austen (d. 1572), merchant of Guildford, and his wife Joan (d. 1582), daughter of William Snelling of East Horsley (Surrey), born at Guildford about 1548. Wool stapler at Guildford. Admitted to Middle Temple, 1593. Town Clerk of Guildford, 1567-79; freeman, 1576; Mayor of Guildford, 1579-80, 1588-89 and Apr-Oct, 1600. MP for Haslemere, 1593 and Guildford, 1604-14; treasurer of Surrey musters, 1599; JP for Surrey, 1618-21. Apart from his influence in Guildford, where his father had also been Mayor and MP, he owed much of his public career to the patronage of Sir William More of Loseley, who he served as a book-keeper by the 1570s, and who secured his appointment as Clerk of the Peace for the county of Surrey, 1577-85 and c.1598-1617; he was also deputy to More as Chamberlain of Receipt in the Exchequer, 1591-1602, 1607-16. He was something of an antiquary, and wrote an account of the free school at Guildford (of which his father had been one of the founders) and collected and edited the scattered charters and records of Guildford Corporation. At the end of his life he assisted Archbishop Abbot (whose brother was his son-in-law) with the foundation of Trinity Hospital in Guildford. He married 1st, 16 September 1571, Ann (d. 1578), daughter of Thomas Mellersh of Nore, Godalming; 2nd, 1579 (licence 30 May) at Shalford, Jane (d. 1599), daughter of Robert Harrison of London, and heiress to her brother, and 3rd, about 1600, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Wayre of London, fishmonger,  and widow of Thomas James of London, haberdasher, and had issue:
(1.1) Joan (alias Johanna) Austen (1574-97), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 22 February 1573/4; married Sir Maurice Abbott (1565-1642), kt., Lord Mayor of London and Governor of the East India Company (who m2, 1598 (licence 27 May), Margaret (d. 1630), daughter of Bartholomew Barnes), and had issue three sons and two daughters; buried at St Benet Fink, London, 17 September 1597;
(1.2) Anne Austen (1577-1629?), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 3 February 1576/7; married, 23 June 1600 at Holy Trinity, Guildford, John Wight (1574-1656) of Brabeouf, near St. Catherine's, Guildford; possibly the person of this name who was buried in the new chapel at St Saviour, Southwark, 13 September 1629;
(1.3) Samuel Austen (1578-1607), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 7 September 1578; educated at Middle Temple (admitted 1598); succeeded his father as Deputy Chamberlain of the Exchequer, 1602-07; married, 27 August 1599 at St Mary, Whitechapel (Middx), Jane Cranley (who m2, Sir George Stoughton and m3, Sir Thomas Bowyer, 1st bt. and was buried 10 April 1640 at North Mundham (Sussex)), but had no issue; lived at Tyting Farm; died in the lifetime of his father and was buried at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 12 January 1607;
(2.1) Jane Austen (b. 1583), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 10 March 1582/3; married, 14 September 1601 at St Mary, Guildford, Thomas Tuesley (1573-1638), mayor of Guildford, and had issue five sons and twelve daughters; living in 1620;
(2.2) George Austen (1586-93), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 17 April 1586; died young and was buried at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 25 July 1593;
(2.3) Emma Austen (b. 1587), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 28 May 1587; died young;
(2.4) Col. John Austen (1588-1660) (q.v.);
(2.5) Daniel Austen (1591-1615), baptised 15 March 1590/1; died unmarried and was buried at Shalford, 6 October 1615;
(2.6) Francis Austen (b. 1592), baptised 16 January 1591/2; citizen of London; married, 2 October 1617 at St. Giles Cripplegate, London, Sarah, daughter of W. Banastre of Drayton (Middx), and had issue one son; living in 1620;
(2.7) Rev. Robert Austen (1593-1663), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 29 April 1593; educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge (admitted 1612; BA 1615/6; MA 1619; BD 1626; DD 1639); Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, 1614-28; University Reader in Rhetoric; ordained deacon and priest, 1624; chaplain to Archbishop Abbot (who was brother-in-law to his half-sister); rector of Harbledown (Kent), 1628-43; rector of Aldington (Kent), 1636; vicar of Fordingbridge (Hants), 1639; married Ann [surname unknown] and had issue; will proved 31 March 1663;
(2.8) Rev. Ralph Austen (1595-1632), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 12 October 1595; educated at Magdalen College, Oxford (demy, 1614-19; BA 1617; MA 1620; BD 1631); Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1619-32; University Proctor, 1630; vicar of Selborne (Hants), 1631; died unmarried; administration of goods granted at Oxford, 10 May 1632;
(2.9) George Austen (b. 1597), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 23 August 1597; citizen and merchant of London; living in 1620;
(3.1) Elizabeth Austen (b. & d. 1601), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 1 March 1600/1; died in infancy and was buried at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 12 April 1601;
(3.2) Benjamin Austen (b. 1602), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 7 February 1601/2; living in 1620;
(3.3) Susan Austen (b. 1604), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 21 June 1604; living in 1620;
(3.4) Elizabeth Austen (b. 1605), baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 12 August 1605; living in 1620.
He acquired Nore Farm in Bramley (Surrey) through his first marriage, and later in 1588 purchased the manor of Smithbrook in Dunsfold (Surrey). Other purchases around Bramley, Dunsfold and Chiddingfold followed, culminating in the purchase (jointly with his brother John) of the Rectory Manor of Shalford and Bramley in 1599. They commenced building Shalford House in 1601 and it was completed in 1611. He moved to Shalford after his brother's death.
He died 1 June 1621; his will was proved 16 June 1621. His first wife was buried at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 26 September 1578; his second wife was buried at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 18 September 1599; his widow was living in 1626.

Austen, Col. John (1588-1660). Eldest surviving son of George Austen (c.1548-1621) and his second wife, Jane, daughter of Robert Harrison of London, baptised at Holy Trinity, Guildford, 1 December 1588. He seems to have had some involvement with the East India Company, and may have maintained his uncle's activities as a merchant adventurer on a reduced scale. He held Puritan views, and in the Civil War was an uncompromising Parliamentarian, serving as an officer in Lord Onslow's Surrey Militia (retiring as Col.) and seeing action in England and Ireland. He married, 1613 (settlement 17 May), Margaret, daughter of Sir Richard Lewkenor of West Dean (Sussex), and had issue:
(1) Margaret Austen (b. 1614), baptised at Shalford, 27 June 1614; married Richard Cresswell of Snox Hall, Cranleigh (Surrey) and had issue; living in 1660;
(2) Richard Austen (b. 1625), baptised at Shalford, 10 January 1624/5; educated at Middle Temple (admitted 1639) and Hart Hall, Oxford (matriculated 1640); died before 1660;
(3) Anne Austen (b. 1627), baptised at Shalford, 3 September 1627;
(4) Jane Austen (b. & d. 1630), baptised 24 March 1629/30; buried at Shalford, 9 September 1630;
(5) George Austen (1632-c.1671) (q.v.).
He inherited his uncle's moiety of the Shalford House estate in 1612 and his father's property in 1621.
He was buried at Shalford, 21 May 1660; his will was proved 5 November 1660. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Austen, George (1632-c.1671). Only surviving son of Col. John Austen (1590-1660) and his wife Margaret, daughter of Sir Richard Lewkenor of West Dean (Sussex), baptised at Shalford, 2 May 1632. Educated at Middle Temple (admitted 1652). He married 1st, Ursula (d. c.1657), daughter of Sir Robert Anstruther, and 2nd, 1658 (post-nuptial settlement 18 June), Elizabeth (1641-1717), daughter of Henry Weston of Ockham (Surrey), and had issue:
(1.1) John Austen (1654-1702) (q.v.);
(1.2) Col. Robert Austen (1657-1718) (q.v.);
(2.1) Elizabeth Austen (b. 1659), baptised at Shalford, 13 November 1659;
(2.2) George Austen (1664-1728) (q.v.);
(2.3) Edward Austen (b. 1672), baptised at Shalford, 31 August 1672.
He inherited the Shalford House estate from his father in 1660.
He was living in 1671 but probably died soon afterwards. His first wife must have died about 1657. His widow was buried at Shalford, 3 August 1717.

Austen, John (1654-1702). Eldest son of George Austen and his first wife Ursula, daughter of Sir Robert Anstruther, baptised at Shalford, 12 December 1654. Admitted a freeman of the borough of Guildford, 1680. He married, 1686 (settlement 20 April), Mary, daughter of John Symball of Battersea (Surrey), but had no issue.
He inherited the Shalford House estate from his father.
He was buried at Shalford, 3 July 1702; his will was proved in 1705. His wife was buried at Shalford, 16 February 1693.

Austen, Col. Robert (1657-1718). Second son of George Austen and his first wife Ursula, daughter of Sir Robert Anstruther, baptised at Shalford, 27 April 1657. A Colonel of militia. A trustee of the Poyle estates. Freeman of Guildford, 1706. He married 4 May 1710 at St Peter Cornhill, London, Mary (d. 1721?), daughter of Henry Ludlow of Bramley (Surrey) but had no issue.
He inherited the Shalford House estate from his brother John in 1702.
He was buried at Shalford, 17 December 1718. His widow may be the person of this name who was buried at Bramley (Surrey), 25 July 1721.

Austen, George (1664-1728). Elder son of George Austen and his second wife Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Weston of Ockham (Surrey), baptised at St. Nicholas, Guildford, 4 September 1664. He married, 8 April 1695 at Holy Trinity, Minories, London, Sarah, daughter of Richard Roper of Gloucester, and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Austen (d. 1744); acted as housekeeper to her brother Robert, but 'preferred society and card parties to the routine of domestic duties'; died unmarried and was buried at Shalford, 28 May 1744;
(2) John Austen; said to have been a spendthrift, 'given to riotous living, chambering and wantonness' and evidently not to be trusted with the care of an estate; his father left him an annuity of £50 a year which he sold to his brother Robert shortly before his death; 
(3) Robert Austen (c.1700-59) (q.v.);
(4) George Austen (1701-03), baptised at St Olave, Hart St., London, 27 July 1701; died young, 19 September 1703;
(5) George Austen (1707-30), baptised at St Olave, Hart St., London, 10 February 1707/8; died unmarried and was buried at Shalford, 23 December 1730.
He inherited the Shalford House estate from his brother Robert in 1718.
He was buried at Shalford, 15 May 1728. His widow's date of death is unknown.

Austen, Robert (c.1700-59). Second son of George Austen (d. 1728) and his wife Sarah, daughter of Robert or Richard Roper of Gloucester, born about 1700. Chairman of Surrey Quarter Sessions and Receiver General of the County of Surrey, 1742. He married, 21 November 1751 at St Gregory by St. Paul, London, Joan (1702-69), daughter of Lawrence Street of Birtley, Bramley (Surrey), who had originally been employed as companion to his sister, but had no issue (rumours that Joan's nephews, Henry and Robert Stoffold, who became Robert's heirs, were their illegitimate children, are apparently unfounded).
He inherited the Shalford House estate from his father in 1728. At his death, the estate passed to his widow for life and then to her nephews, Henry and Robert Stoffold, who were required to take the name Austen.
He was buried at Shalford, 9 September 1759; his will was proved 7 September 1759. His widow was buried at Shalford, 19 February 1769; her will was proved 27 February 1769.

Stoffold alias Stovold, William (b. 1704) of Chilworth (Surrey). Son of William Stovold (d. 1734) of Elstead (Surrey) and his wife Sarah Astin [Austen?], baptised 29 April 1704. He married, 10 November 1731 at Shalford, Mary (b. 1705), daughter of Lawrence Street of Birtley, Bramley (Surrey) and sister of Joan, the wife of Robert Austen (d. 1759), and had issue:
(1) Henry Stoffold (later Austen) (1735-86) (q.v.);
(2) Robert Stoffold (later Austen) (1739-97) (q.v.).
His date of death is unknown. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Stoffold (later Austen), Henry (1735-86). Elder son of William Stoffold of Chilworth and his wife Mary, said to have been born in 1735. Said to have been educated at Guildford Grammar School and Lincoln's Inn. A Captain in the Surrey Militia. He took the name Austen in lieu of Stoffold by Act of Parliament in 1759 (33 George II, c.16). He was unmarried and without issue.
In 1759 he and his brother inherited a reversionary interest in the Shalford House estate, and they came into possession in 1769 on the death of his aunt. By a deed of arrangement in 1774, he and his brother divided the estate and Henry's portion included Shalford House. On his death, however, he was succeeded by his brother.
He died intestate, 30 November 1786 and was buried at Shalford, where he is commemorated by a monument.

Stoffold (later Austen), Robert (1739-97). Younger son of William Stoffold of Chilworth and his wife Mary, said to have been born 20 May 1739. Educated at Guildford Grammar School? after which he was articled to John Martyr of Guildford, solicitor, 1757, before continuing his education at the Middle Temple (admitted 1763) and Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1767). Solicitor; Clerk of the Papers in the Court of Kings Bench. He took the name Austen in lieu of Stoffold by Act of Parliament in 1759. He was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London, principally on the grounds of his reputation as a coin collector and numismatist; his will directed that his coin collection should be treated as an heirloom, but his son obtained an Act of Parliament in 1812 allowing him to sell it to the Bank of England. He was a lifelong friend of the Surrey antiquary, William Bray (1736-1832), who was his fellow pupil in John Martyr's office, and whose diaries contain many references to him. He rebuilt Shalford church in 1788. DL for Surrey, 1788. He married, 10 March 1772 at St. Dionis Backchurch, London, Frances Annesley, daughter and heiress of John Wentworth Nazienzen Gregory, surgeon of London, (from whom he sought a separation after she became a Methodist), and had issue:
(1) Frances Allen Austen (1773-1808), born 21 February and baptised at St Andrew, Holborn (Middx), 19 March 1773; married, 9 July 1800 at St George the Martyr, Queen Square, Bloomsbury (Middx), John Sherman Bedford (1771-1807) of Serjeant's Inn, later judge of the Vice-Admiralty Court in Barbados, son of John Bedford of Reigate (Surrey), and had issue two sons and one daughter; died at sea, 23 March 1808 while returning to England from Barbados; she was presumably buried at sea but is commemorated by a memorial in Shalford church;
(2) Robert Henry Austen (1774-78), born 30 September and baptised at St Andrew, Holborn, 31 October 1774; died young and was buried at St. Andrew, Holborn, 9 December 1778;
(3) Robert Austen (b. & d. 1780), born 7 August and baptised at St Andrew, Holborn, 28 August 1780; died in infancy and was buried at St. Andrew, Holborn, 13 October 1780;
(4) Henrietta Austen (1782-84), baptised at St Andrew, Holborn, 18 October 1782; died in infancy and was buried at Shalford, 26 July 1784;
(5) Elizabeth Smith Austen (1783-1845), baptised at St Andrew, Holborn, 20 February 1784; lived with her mother and died unmarried in Cheltenham, 14 February 1845;
(6) Sir Henry Edmund Austen (1785-1871), kt. (q.v.);
(7) Caroline Austen (1788-93), baptised at St Andrew, Holborn, 4 November 1788; died young and was buried at St Andrew, Holborn, 19 January 1793;
(8) Robert Alfred Austen (b. 1790), baptised at St Andrew, Holborn, 20 April 1790; probably died in infancy.
In 1759 he and his brother inherited a reversionary interest in the Shalford House estate, and they came into possession in 1769 on the death of his aunt. By a deed of arrangement in 1774, he and his brother divided the estate but on his brother's death in 1786 Robert came into possession of the whole property; he continued to live mainly in London, where he had a house in Great James Street. In 1779 he purchased the demesne of the manor of Shalford from the Earl of Onslow, and in 1790 the manor of Braboeuf. His last land purchase, completed after his death, was of Tyting Farm. He was responsible for the remodelling of Shalford House in c.1793-95.
He died 3 November 1797 and was buried at Shalford, where he is commemorated by a monument by John Bacon; his will was proved 6 December 1797. His widow married 2nd, 22 July 1802 at St Luke, Finsbury (Middx) (later sep.), James Crompton; she later became a Roman Catholic before reverting to the Church of England; she lived latterly at Teignmouth (Devon) but died suddenly in Cheltenham in 1845, aged 94; her will was proved 20 March 1845.

Austen, Sir Henry Edmund (1785-1871), kt. Only surviving son of Robert Stoffold (later Austen) (1739-97) and his wife Frances Annesley, daughter and heiress of John Wentworth Nazienzen Gregory, born 20 May 1785. Educated at Harrow and Oriel College, Oxford (matriculated 1803; created MA 1807). In 1810 he secured a private Act of Parliament allowing his trustees to sell his father's coin collection and fell timber on the Shalford estate. JP and DL for Surrey; High Sheriff of Surrey, 1810; A Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, 1830-71. A Whig by tradition and inclination, he was a warm supporter of parliamentary reform, and his support was rewarded by a knighthood in 1832; a proposal to revive the barony of Haversham in his favour was abandoned because it was felt the family did not have the resources to support the dignity of a peerage. Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King William IV and Queen Victoria, 1832-71. He again rebuilt the parish church at Shalford in 1846. In later life he developed antiquarian interests and wrote a history of Chelsworth (Suffk). He married 1st, 21 October 1805 at St Leonard Shoreditch (Middx), without the consent of his guardians, Anne Amelia (c.1783-1837), only daughter of Capt. Robert Spearman Bate HEICS and 2nd, 25 January 1843 at All Souls, Langham Place, Marylebone (Middx), Catherine Frances (1780-1856), daughter of John Blagrave and widow of Sir Robert Pocklington of Chelsworth Hall, and had issue:
(1.1) Henry Austen (b. & d. 1806), born at Broadstairs (Kent); died in infancy; possibly the child of that name buried at St Peter, Thanet (Kent), 2 September 1806;
(1.2) Robert Alfred Cloyne Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1808-84) (q.v.);
(1.3) Lt-Col. Henry Edmund Austen (1809-68), born 4 March 1809 and baptised at Shalford, 4 June 1810; an officer in the army (Ensign, 1832; Lt., 1833; Capt., 1836; retired as Lt-Col., 1856); adjutant to 1st Surrey Militia, 1846-54; Sub-Inspector of Militia 1854-56; married, 4 March 1845 at Holbrooke (Suffk), Elizabeth Mary, second daughter of John Reade of Holbrooke House, and had issue two sons and one daughter; died at St Brelade (Jersey), 27 August 1868; administration of his goods granted to his widow, 2 November 1868 (effects under £1,000);
(1.4) Amelia Austen (1810-81), born 29 March and baptised at Shalford, 22 April 1810; married, 24 May 1832 at All Souls, Langham Place, Marylebone (Middx), James Brabazon (1810-73) of Mornington House (Meath) and had issue one son and three daughters; died 6 December 1881; will proved at Dublin, 18 May 1882 (effects in England, £180);
(1.5) Georgiana Frances Austen (1811-12); baptised at Shalford, 15 December 1811; died in infancy and was buried at Shalford, 29 December 1812;
(1.6) Frederick Lewis Austen (1813-68), born 16 October and baptised at Shalford, 21 November 1813; articled clerk to Henry Milnes of Leominster (Herefs), 1830; solicitor with Hopton, Forbes & Co., who acted for his father; married, 28 July 1846 at All Souls, Langham Place, Marylebone (Middx), Sarah, youngest daughter of John Ponton of Uddens House (Dorset) and had issue two daughters; died at Brighton, 16 December 1868;
(1.7) Cmdr. Algernon Stewart Austen (1815-83), born in Edinburgh, 3 August 1815; educated at Versailles and Royal Naval College, Portsmouth; in the Royal Navy from 1830-47 (Lt., 1841; Cmdr., 1864); worked subsequently as a ship insurance broker in London and was bankrupted in 1858, though this was annulled shortly afterwards; married, 28 January 1847 at Valparaiso (Chile), Louise Ellen (d. 1905), eldest daughter of Frederick William Schwager of Valparaiso, and had issue three sons and one daughter; died 1883;
(1.8) John Wentworth Austen (1820-78), born 5 July and baptised at Shalford, 1 October 1820; as a child, lived for a time with General & Mrs. Mackay, who wished to adopt him, but later returned to his family at his father's request; an officer in the army, 1839-46 (Ensign, 1839; Lt., 1841); worked subsequently as a commission agent at Brighton and was bankrupted, 1867 but discharged later the same year; married, 8 July 1843, Eliza Anne (d. 1872), only daughter of Lt-Gen. Philpot and had issue one daughter; died 14 July 1878; administration of goods granted 25 August 1880 (effects under £500);
(1.9) Maj-Gen. Albert George Austen (1822-73), born at Versailles, 9 September 1822; an officer in the Royal Artillery (2nd Lt., 1841; Lt., 1844; Capt., 1854; Maj., 1858; Lt-Col., 1861; Col., 1866; Maj-Gen., 1868; retired, 1868), who served in the Crimea and India, including the suppression of the Indian Mutiny; died unmarried in London, 8 December, and was buried at Shalford, 13 December 1873; will proved 2 January 1874 (effects under £20,000).
He inherited the Shalford House estate from his father in 1797 and came of age in 1806; the house was let during his minority and he did not move in until 1808 (the tenants included, rather briefly, the Comte d'Artois, afterwards King Charles X of France). For some years after 1821 he and his wife lived chiefly in France, and let Shalford House. During his second marriage he lived at Chelsworth Hall and Shalford was again let. After his second wife died he lived mainly in London, at his club or in an hotel; Shalford was let to tenants including Mr & Mrs W. Cannop.
He died at Cheltenham, 1 December and was buried at Shalford, 8 December 1871; his will was proved 5 January 1872 (effects under £16,000). His first wife died at Dieppe (France), 5 September and was buried at Shalford, 13 September 1837. His second wife died after a long illness, 27 December 1856; her will was proved 23 March 1857.


R.A.C. Godwin-Austen (1808-84)
Austen (later Godwin-Austen), Robert Alfred Cloyne (1808-84). Eldest son of Sir Henry Edmund Austen (1785-1871), kt., and his first wife, Anne Amelia, only daughter of Robert Spearman Bate, born 17 March 1808. Educated at Midhurst, a semi-military college in France, Oriel College, Oxford (matriculated 1826; BA 1830; Fellow, 1830) and Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1829). At Oxford he was a pupil of William Buckland under whose influence he became a geologist of note and the author of more than forty papers in scientific journals. He was a Fellow of the Geological Society, 1830 (Secretary, 1843-44, 1853-54; Wollaston Medal, 1862) and of the Royal Society (elected 1849). JP and DL for Surrey. He quarrelled with his father in 1840, and assumed the additional surname of Godwin by royal licence in 1854 after he and his wife inherited her father's property. He married, 22 July 1833 at All Souls, Langham Place, Marylebone (Middx), Maria Elizabeth (1813-1904), only child of Maj-Gen. Sir Henry Thomas Godwin of Hennan Hill, Teignmouth (Devon), and had issue:
(1) Henry Haversham Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1834-1923) (q.v.);
(2) Giuliana Maria Elizabeth Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1835-1928), born 28 July 1835; married, 20 September 1857 at Chilworth (Surrey), Lt-Col. George Henry Pocklington (1833-1908) of Chelsworth Hall (Suffk) - which they rebuilt c.1900 - and had issue one son; died 10 June 1928 aged 92; will proved 8 August 1928 (estate £1,307);
(3) Sophia Harriette Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1836-1921), born 20 July 1836; married, 3 July 1873 at Chilworth, as his second wife, Sir George John Routledge Hewett (1818-76), 3rd bt., and had issue two sons; died 31 December 1921 and was buried at Shalford, 4 January 1922; will proved 20 April 1922 (estate £3,841);
(4) Helena Frances Austen (1837-39), born 6 September 1837; died in infancy, 17 July and was buried at Shalford, 22 July 1839;
(5) Charlotte Priscilla Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1838-1943), born 25 December 1838; married, 28 June 1866 at Shalford, Maj. William Bruce Armstrong (1830-1906) of Pirbright Manor (Surrey), but had no issue; died 1 November 1943, aged 104; will proved 17 April 1944 (estate £20,093);
(6) Augusta Victoria Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1840-1942), born 18 February and baptised at Shalford, 26 February 1840; married, 22 October 1873 at Shalford, William Bryan Lushington (1824-88), barrister-at-law, second son of Rt. Hon. Stephen Lushington, Judge of the Admiralty and had issue one son; died 6 April 1942, aged 102; will proved 29 October 1942 (estate £6,701);
(7) Beatrice Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1841-1933), born 16 April and baptised at Merrow (Surrey), 7 July 1841; died unmarried, 27 July 1933, aged 92; will proved 16 November 1933 (estate £3,286);
(8) Caroline Amelia Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1842-1922), born 11 August and baptised at Merrow, 22 August 1842; married, 22 October 1873 at Shalford, Francis Westby Bagshawe (d. 1896) of Oakes-in-Norton and Wormhill Hall (Derbys) and had issue two daughters; died in Cairo (Egypt), 3 March 1922 and was buried there the following day; will proved 25 May 1922 (estate £3,795);
(9) Lt-Col. Alfred Godwin Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1844-1939) (q.v.);
(10) Alice Mary Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1845-1937), born 17 June 1845; died unmarried, 22 October 1937, aged 92; will proved 7 January 1938 (estate £5,896);
(11) Elfrida Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1846-1924), born 16 August 1846; died unmarried, 11 December 1924; administration granted to her sister Alice, 29 April 1925 (estate £4,394) and later to her brother Harold, 2 May 1938;
(12) Robert Alfred Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1847-67), born 4 March 1847; died of tetanus after being accidentally shot by his brother Edward, 4 August 1867;
(13) Emily Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1849-1947), born 4 November 1849; married, 29 April 1880, Charles Durant Hodgson (1850-1920), brewer, builder of The Hallams, Wonersh (Surrey), and had issue three sons and one daughter; died 26 December 1947, aged 98; will proved 20 March 1948 (estate £13,007);
(14) Edward George Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1851-1934), born 1 January and baptised at Chilworth, 19 October 1851; an officer in 2nd Surrey Militia (Lt., 1869; Capt. 1871); emigrated to California (USA); married, 2 January 1883, Olive Constance, daughter of Henry Buckley; died 28 March 1934; administration of goods granted 2 September 1938 (effects in England £1,578);
(15) Arthur Austen (b. & d. 1852), born 14 June and baptised at Shalford, 15 June 1852; died in infancy, 16 June and was buried at Chilworth, 19 June 1852;
(16) Frederick Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1853-79), born 3 August and baptised at Chilworth, 17 August 1853; an officer in 24th Regt. (Lt., 1875); died unmarried when he was killed at the Battle of Isandlwana in the Zulu War, 22 January 1879;
(17) Edmund Chads Godwin-Austen (1854-1933), born 28 November 1854 and baptised at Chilworth, 7 November 1855; emigrated to New Zealand and in 1883 to USA, where he became a grocer and hotel proprietor in Denver, Colorado; married, 1877 in New Zealand, Elizabeth Annie Warnes (1855-1955) and had issue two sons and one daughter; died at Channing, Texas (USA), 25 January 1932; administration of goods granted 11 July 1938 (effects in England £273);
(18) Harold Godwin-Austen (1856-1943), born 21 February and baptised at Chilworth, 23 May 1856; Indian civil servant; married, 5 October 1886, Margaret Bloomfield (c.1859-1938), daughter of Rev. W. Maule, and had issue one son (died young); died 28 March 1943; will proved 28 June 1943 (estate £11,246).
He lived at Ogwell House (Devon) from 1834-38 and then at Gosden House, Merrow House and from 1846 at Chilworth Manor, where he remained until he inherited Shalford House from his father in 1871. He may have been responsible for alterations to Chilworth Manor made in the mid 19th century and certainly made alterations to Shalford House in 1875.
He died at Shalford House, 25 November 1884 and was buried at Shalford, 1 December 1884; his will was proved 21 March 1885 (effects £10,058). His widow died 12 January 1904 aged 90 and was buried at Shalford; her will was proved 9 May 1904 (estate £3,887).


H,H. Godwin-Austen (1834-1923)
Godwin (later Godwin-Austen), Lt-Col. Henry Haversham (1834-1923). Eldest son of Robert Alfred Cloyne Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1808-84) and his wife Maria Elizabeth, daughter of Maj-Gen. Sir Henry Thomas Godwin, born at Teignmouth (Devon), 6 July 1834. He took the additional surname of Godwin by royal licence in 1854. An officer in the army, (Lt., 1851; Maj., 1871; retired as Lt-Col., 1877); after six years' military service he transferred to the Indian Survey Dept., which provided scope for his talents as a cartographer, mountaineer, geologist and naturalist; he discovered and surveyed the Baltoro Glacier, the source of which (Peak K2) was identified as the second highest summit in the Himalayas and named Mount Godwin-Austin in his honour; he retired early after fever undermined his health, but on his return to England he quickly recovered. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society (elected 1880), the Royal Geographical Society (Gold Medal, 1910) and the Zoological Society, and published more than 130 papers on geographical, geological and ethnographic subjects as well as Notes on the Pangong Lake District of Ladakh (1864), Birds of Assam (1882), The Land and Fresh-Water Mollusca of India (1882–1914) and The Fauna of British India (1908). JP for Surrey. He ran into financial difficulties and was bankrupted in 1898 (discharged 1902), as a result of which he was forced to sell Shalford House. In old age he converted to Buddhism and erected a small Burmese-style shrine at Nore Farm. He married 1st, 5 April 1861 at Nooshera, Bengal (India), Pauline Georgiana (1844-c.1870), daughter of Lt-Col. Arthur Wellesley Chichele Plowden and 2nd, 1 June 1881, Jessie (d. 1913), daughter of John Harding Robinson, a clerk in the House of Lords, and had issue:
(1.1) Alfred Godwin-Austen (b. & d. 1862), born and died 23 February 1862;
(1.2) Robert Arthur Godwin-Austen (1863-1948) (q.v.).
He inherited Shalford House from his father in 1884, but his trustees in bankruptcy sold it and the contents in 1899; he lived at Nore House on the estate before inheriting and returned there after Shalford House was sold. At his death he left the estate to trustees for his only surviving son.
He died 2 December 1923; will proved 29 October 1924 (estate £90). His first wife died in Calcutta, about 1870, and was commemorated by a brass at Shalford (which states, apparently incorrectly, that she died in 1869). His second wife died 21 July 1913; her will was proved 13 November 1913 (estate £2,048).

Godwin-Austin, Maj. Robert Arthur (1863-1948). Only surviving son of Henry Haversham Godwin-Austin (1834-1923) and his first wife, Pauline Georgiana, daughter of Lt-Col. Arthur Wellesley Chicheley Plowden, born at Srinagar, Kashmir (India), 14 September 1863. Educated at Wellington College and RMC Sandhurst; an officer in the army, (Lt., 1883; Capt., 1890; Maj., 1899; resigned his commission before 1905); served in India, Crete, and Boer War and was recalled to serve with training battalions in the First World War, 1914-18. He married, 14 September 1897 at Kilbarron (Donegal), Elizabeth Augusta Mary (1876-1942), daughter of Richard Alfred Hamilton of Fortwilliam (Fermanagh) and Rockfield (Donegal), but had no issue.
His father's trustees administered the residue of the Shalford estate on his behalf from 1923 onwards, and he lived at Smithbrook Manor, Cranleigh on the estate.
He died 27 October 1948; administration of goods granted to his cousin, 30 March 1949 (effects Nil). His wife died 29 June 1942; her will was proved 14 September 1942 (estate £674).

Godwin (later Godwin-Austen), Alfred Godwin (1844-1939). Second son of Robert Alfred Cloyne Austen (later Godwin-Austen) (1808-84) and his wife Maria Elizabeth, daughter of Maj-Gen. Henry T. Godwin, born 16 March 1844. Educated at Guildford Royal Grammar School and RMC Sandhurst. He took the additional surname of Godwin by royal licence in 1854. An officer in the 24th Regt. (ensign, 1862; Lt., 1867; Capt., 1874; Maj., 1881; Lt-Col. on retirement, 1885); served in Zulu War, 1877-78 and was mentioned in despatches twice. He married, 6 June 1883 at St George, Hanover Square, London, Sara Matilda (k/a Lily) (d. 1942), daughter of John W. Orred of Ashwicke Hall, Marshfield (Glos) and had issue:
(1) Elfrida Marcia Godwin-Austen (1884-1943), born Apr-Jun 1884; certificated masseuse, 1916; married, 25 March 1920 at Gatton (Surrey), Maj. Roland Henry Marsh (1879-1931), son of Col. Jeremy Taylor Marsh of Gatton, but had no issue; died 13 September 1943; will proved 5 February 1944 (estate £2,984);
(2) Robert Annesley Godwin-Austen (1885-1977) (q.v.);
(3) John Roland Godwin-Austen (b. & d. 1887), baptised at Frensham (Surrey), 9 February 1887; died in infancy and was buried at Frensham, 24 December 1887;
(4) Gen. Sir Alfred Reade Godwin-Austen (1889-1963), born 17 April 1889; educated at St. Lawrence College, Ramsgate (Kent) and RMC Sandhurst; an officer in the army (2nd Lt., 1909; Lt., 1912; Capt., 1915; Major, 1917; Lt-Col., 1929; Col., 1932; Maj-Gen., 1938; Gen., 1947); he served in the First and Second World Wars and had a long career not without controversy; Commandant of Staff College, Camberley, 1942; Director of Tactical Investigation, War Office, 1942-43; Vice Quartermaster General, 1943-45; Quartermaster General in India, 1945; Principal Administrative Officer, Indian Command, 1945-46; retired 1947; appointed OBE 1918; CB 1941; KCSI 1946; Chairman of South-West Division, National Coal Board, 1946-48; Hon. Col. of South Wales Borderers, 1950-54; lived at Ladye Place, Hurley (Berks); died unmarried, 20 March 1963; will proved 16 May 1963 (estate £31,224);
(5) Cicely Maria Godwin-Austen (1893-1977), born 8 February and baptised at Worplesdon (Surrey), 29 March 1893; lived at Hedley Down, Haslemere (Surrey); died unmarried, 2 May 1977; will proved 11 October 1977 (estate £57,565).
He lived at Gridley Manor near Woking after retiring from the army, and later at Surbiton (Surrey).
He died 11 December 1939, aged 95; his will was proved 16 March 1940 (estate £3,628). His widow died 30 November 1942; her will was proved 27 February 1943 (estate £902).

Godwin-Austen, Robert Annesley (1885-1977). Elder surviving son of Alfred Godwin Godwin-Austen (1844-1939) and his wife Sara Matilda, daughter of J.W. Orred of Ashwicke Hall, Marshfield (Glos), born 31 May 1885. Educated at St. Lawrence College, Ramsgate. Surveyor in the Colonial Service, Canada, 1910-14, Persia, 1921-22, South Africa, 1922-24; Director of Surveys, Cyprus, 1931-45. He married, 15 August 1931, Kathleen Beryl (1901-95), only daughter of Arthur Odling of Belsize Park, London NW, and had issue:
(1) Robert Haversham Godwin-Austen (b. 1932) (q.v.);
(2) Richard Bertram Godwin-Austen (b. 1935) of Papplewick Hall (Notts), born 4 October 1935; educated at Charterhouse and St. Thomas's Hospital, London (MD 1968); MRCP 1963; FRCP 1976; registrar, Institute of Neurology, London, 1967-70; consultant neurologist at Derby Royal Infirmary and Nottingham Hospital, 1970-98; President of of the Association of British Neurologists; Vice-President of European Federation of Neurological Societies; Secretary & Treasurer of World Federation of Neurology; member of the Advisory Panel of the Parkinson's Disease Society; High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, 1994-95; author of Seizing Opportunities: reminiscences of a physician, 2008; married 1st, 12 August 1961, Jennifer Jane (d. 1996), second daughter of Louis Sigismund Himely of Holne Brake, Bovey Tracey (Devon) and had issue one son and one daughter; married 2nd, 1997, Sally Shearman.
He inherited the family estate from his cousin in 1948 and lived at Smithbrook Manor, Cranleigh (Surrey).
He died 30 November 1977, aged 92; his will was proved 6 March 1978 (estate £99,492). His widow died 3 July 1995; her will was proved 13 November 1995 (estate £309,274).

Godwin-Austen, Lt-Col. Robert Haversham (k/a Robin) (b. 1932). Elder son of Robert Annesley Godwin-Austen (1885-1977) and his wife Kathleen Beryl, only daughter of Arthur Odling of Belsize Park, London NW, born 15 May 1932. Educated at Radley College and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; an officer in the South Wales Borderers/Royal Regiment of Wales (2nd Lt., 1953; Lt., 1955; Capt., 1959; Maj., 1966; Lt-Col., 1971; retired, 1978); mentioned in despatches, 1957, 1975. Chairman of Surrey branch of Country Landowners Assoc., 1995-98; DL 1996. He married, 6 June 1959, Katharine Eliot (1938-2015), younger daughter of Eliot Kingsmill Power of Ardeley, Pirbright (Surrey) and had issue:
(1) Claire Rosalind Godwin-Austen (b. 1960), born 4 October 1960; married, 1988, John N. Wilson and had issue one son and two daughters;
(2) Stephen Robert Godwin-Austen (b. 1962), born 21 July 1962; publisher, until he took over management of the family estate of 1300 acres near Cranleigh (Surrey), c.2000; Chairman of Surrey branch of Country Landowners Assoc., 2015-date;
(3) Diana Katharine Godwin-Austen (b. 1965), born 30 May 1965; married, Jul-Sep 1997, Alexander J.R. Cullen and had issue two sons and two daughters;
(4) Susan Frances Godwin-Austen (b. 1969), born 2 January 1969.
He inherited the family estate from his father in 1977, and handed it over to his son c.2000. He lives at Shalford.
Now living. His wife died 18 May 2015; her will was proved 13 August 2015.


Sources


Burke's Landed Gentry, 1972, pp. 32-33; I. Nairn & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Surrey, 2nd edn., 1971, p. 452; P. Bagnall & S. Beck, Ferguson's Gang, 2015; Surrey Advertiser, 20 January 1917, letter from H.H. Godwin-Austen; ODNB entries on Robert Alfred Cloyne Godwin-Austen and Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen;  
http://austenfamilies.weebly.com/contents.htmlhttp://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/austen-john-1572; http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/austen-george-1548-1621.


Location of archives


Godwin-Austen family of Shalford: deeds, maps, manorial and estate records and family papers, 1305-1864 [Surrey History Centre G43, G111, 1514, 7334]; account books, 17th-18th cents [Bodleian Library, MS. Top. Surrey e.4]
Godwin-Austen, Henry Haversham (1834-1923), naturalist: correspondence and papers [Natural History Museum Library]; travel journals and papers, 1864-73 and correspondence, 1859-1918 [Royal Geographical Society]


Coat of arms


Godwin-Austen of Shalford and Pirbright: Quarterly, 1st & 4th, azure, a chevron argent between three Cornish choughs or, the chevron charged for distinction with a sprig of broom, proper (for Austen); 2nd & 3rd, gules, two lions passant per pale or and argent, a canton of the second charged with three annulets of the first (for Godwin).


Can you help?


Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch.
  • Does anyone know the whereabouts of the watercolour of Shalford House c.1770 showing it before the late 18th century alterations?
  • Does anyone know what happened to the decorative features of Shalford House after its demolition, apart from the 18th century chimneypiece now at Papplewick Hall?
  • Can anyone supply portraits or photographs of members of this family whose names appear in bold above, and who aren't already illustrated?
  • I should be very pleased to hear from anyone who can supply additional genealogical or career information about the people named or correct errors in this account.


Revision and acknowledgements


This post was first published 30 March 2017.

Sunday, 19 March 2017

(254) Austen of Horsmonden, Kippington House and Capel Manor

Austen of Horsmonden
Austen is a common name in Kent, and a great deal of ink has been expended on trying to disentangle the origins of this family from other contemporary people of the same name. The effort has been made chiefly because in the 18th century a junior branch of the family produced one of England's greatest novelists, Jane Austen (1775-1817). Fortunately, for our purposes we need go back no further than John Austen (1560-1621), who was a yeoman and clothier at Goudhurst and Horsmonden in mid Kent. He seems to have been the member of the family who acquired the house called Broad Ford (or Broadford) at Horsmonden, and there is evidence in the Quarter Sessions records that he was living there by 1602. It probably passed at his death to his eldest son, John Austen (1585-1650), who was apparently unmarried and died without issue. He left as his principal heir his next surviving brother, Francis Austen (1600-88), also a clothier, who had acquired a landed estate of several manors around Horsmonden, including the small manor house called Grovehurst, where he actually lived.
Grovehurst, Horsmonden.
Since Broad Ford was evidently substantially extended and remodelled in the third quarter of the 17th century, it may well be that Francis made this property available to his eldest son, John Austen (1629-1705), who coincidentally came of age in the year when Francis acquired it, and who was married in 1654.


John Austen (d. 1705) had only one son who survived to maturity, another John Austen (1657-1704). He seems to have been something of a spendthrift, inclined to borrow against the security of his expectations from his father. Unfortunately he died before his father, leaving his widow very little except debts, and when his father followed him to the grave later in 1705 his substantial property was transferred to trustees until his children should come of age. For reasons which are not now clear, the trustees seem to have been unwilling to support John junior's family in the style to which they were accustomed, and his widow was obliged to take a post as housekeeper to the master of Sevenoaks school, where her six sons became pupils. Her eldest son, John Austen (1696-1728) came into his inheritance from his grandfather in 1717; four of his brothers, with smaller portions, were apprenticed to suitable trades and professions: Francis Austen (1698-1791) as a lawyer; Thomas Austen (1699-1772) as an apothecary; William Austen (1700-37) as a surgeon; and Stephen Austen (1704-51) as a bookseller; Robert Austen (1702-28) apparently died before embarking on a career.

The Broad Ford and Grovehurst properties descended from John Austen (1696-1728) to his son, John Austen (1726-1807), and after his widow died in 1811, passed to a younger grandson of Francis Austen (1698-1791), the Rev. John Austen (1777-1851).

Francis Austen (1698-1791), the second son of John Austen (1657-1704), was responsible for the next step up in the family fortunes. In 1722 he began practice as an attorney in Sevenoaks 'with £800 and a bundle of pens' as he put it. He became a specialist in land law, and in due course also had chambers in Cliffords Inn in London, where he was consulted on the strict settlement of estates by many of the leading families in the land. Alongside this, he became an increasingly important figure in the local government of Kent, and from 1753-73 he was Clerk of the Peace for the county, an office which he then handed over to his son, Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815). From his busy and extensive practice, he became fairly wealthy, and when his nephew George Austen (1731-1805) and his sisters were orphaned in 1737 he was happy to take responsibility for their upbringing, including paying for George to attend university, and after he had taken holy orders, to help him acquire a comfortable living. Not surprisingly, therefore, Francis remained close to George and his family in later years, and in 1788 he was visited at Sevenoaks by George's two daughters, Cassandra (1773-1845) and Jane (1775-1817). It is thought that the places and people with whom Jane Austen became familiar during this visit at least informed some of the characters and settings in her novels, even if they are not portrayed directly.

When Francis Austen died in 1791 the heir to his practice and property was Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815), the only child of his first marriage. Whereas his father comes across from the records and his portrait as shrewd but avuncular, F.M. Austen seems to have been more grasping and litigious.
Court Lodge, Lamberhurst in 1809.
In his father's lifetime, he rented Court Lodge at Lamberhurst on the Kent/Sussex border from the Morland family (whose descendants still own it), but in the mid 1790s he foreclosed on a mortgage on the Kippington House estate near Sevenoaks and evicted the Farnaby family, whose home it had been since the 17th century, and installed his own family in this rather grander house. His eldest son and heir apparent, Francis Lucius Austen (c.1773-1815) became mentally unstable in the last few years of his life, and although he was never certified, it may have been a considerable relief to the family when he died a couple of months before his father. The Kippington House estate went first to F.M. Austen's widow, and when she died in 1817, to their second son, Col. Thomas Austen (1775-1859), who had forged a successful military career that culminated in a period as Governor of the Algarve during the Peninsular War. Colonel Austen married twice but had no children, and when he died in 1859 his property passed to a nephew, John Francis Austen (1817-93), the son of his brother, the Rev. John Austen (1777-1851), who as we saw earlier, had inherited the family's property at Horsmonden.


John Francis Austen thus acquired both his family's ancient estates around Horsmonden, including Grovehurst and Broad Ford from his father in 1851, and the Kippington estate from his uncle in 1859. He sold Kippington in 1865, by which time he had built a new house called Capel Manor at Horsmonden, to the designs of T.H. Wyatt. This was an Italian Gothic style building with eclectic interiors, which stood on a completely new site close to Broad Ford. It is said that Austen exerted a substantial influence on the design, and that may account for the curious inconsistency of the building. Capel Manor became the family home until J.F. Austen died in 1893, and his widow remained in occupation until her death in 1931. Within two years, the last of J.F. Austen's children had also died, and Capel Manor appears to have been sold by his trustees, although the ownership history of the property is unclear until the late 1960s. After military use and neglect during the Second World War, the house itself was pulled down either in the 1950s or in 1966, having stood for barely a century. The family's older homes are fortunately all still standing.



Broad Ford, Horsmonden, Kent


Broad Ford, Horsmonden: the much-altered house has work of every period from the 15th century onwards.

Not a country house, but a substantial village house that became the home of a gentry family of considerable importance. At its core is a 15th century timber-framed house, probably of standard Wealden type. It was altered and extended in each succeeding century, and perhaps especially for John Austen (1629-1705), who may have lived here in his father's lifetime. The main north-facing front is now a jettied timber-framed structure, with three broad jettied gables, which the late 18th or 19th century concealed by a cream-painted roughcast and gave bulls-eye windows in the gables. The rather strange window frames are thought to be 17th century in origin, though in their present form they may have been altered in the 19th or early 20th century. The central porch has an ogee arch and ogee windows on either side, and on the eastern end elevation is a canted bay window with more ogee windows; these must be additions of the late 18th or early 19th century. To the south of the bay window, some 16th or 17th century timber framing is exposed. The right-hand bay of the north front is the earliest part of the house, and belonged at first to a hall house facing east. Inside, it has a mid 16th century hall fireplace with profile roundels and caryatids, and the Austen family crest. An upstairs room has similar work made up into a chimneypiece in the 18th century, and there is also an 18th century staircase and a Rococo chimneypiece in the drawing room. To the west of the house is a nine-bay, late 17th century, one and a half storey stable block of chequered brick with sandstone quoins and a low hipped roof, which was converted into a house in 1947 and the late 20th century.

Descent: John Austen (1560-1621); to son, Francis Austen (1600-88); to son, John Austen (1629-1705); to grandson, John Austen (1696-1728); to son Austen (1726-1807); to first cousin once removed, Rev. John Austen (1777-1851); to son, John Francis Austen (1817-93); to widow, Georgiana Frederica Austen (1843-1931)...

Kippington House, Sevenoaks, Kent

Kippington Hall: the 17th century house, engraved by Kip for Harris' History of Kent, 1719.


Thomas Farnaby bought the estate in 1630 out of the profits of teaching the sons of the gentry and nobility in London, and is said to have built the house here which was engraved for Harris' History of Kent in 1716. However, this view shows an east-facing three-storey front with a deeply recessed three-bay centre and projecting two-storey wings with attics and Dutch gables, which looks more as though it dates from the 1650s or 1660s than from the pre-Civil War period, so perhaps it was Thomas' son Francis who actually built the house. Round the corner to the north was a much longer front, composed of the five-bay side of the late 17th century front block and beyond this a further five less regular bays which may represent the refronted and surviving portion of an earlier house.

Kippington House as rebuilt for Sir Charles Farnaby, from Neale's Views of Seats, 1818. Image: British Library.

The house was largely rebuilt by Sir Charles Farnaby (later Farnaby-Radcliffe), 3rd bt., after he inherited it in 1760, with a plain seven bay east front of two storeys under a parapet, with the central three bays projecting slightly under a pediment. His architect is unknown, but Sir Charles obtained designs for chimneypieces and tables from Robert Adam in 1764-65 and at least the marble chimneypiece in the hall was made according to Adam's design. In 1796, Sir Charles sold the Kippington estate to Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815). He perhaps was responsible for rendering and painting white the brickwork of the mid 18th century house, perhaps at the same time as a four-column Greek Doric porch was added. This is shown in the print in Neale's Views of Seats, 1818.  

Kippington House: entrance front

There is a three-storey range of indeterminate date at right-angles to this front, which occupies a very similar footprint to the rear wing shown in the 1719 engraving of the house, and it seems likely that it is a remodelling of the earlier fabric. The present appearance of the range is however 19th century, but its date remains obscure. The tripartite windows and the full-height arched recesses in which some of the windows are set suggest the early to mid 19th century, but the house is said to have been subject to 'extensive alterations' in 1874. Could the wing in its present form be as late as that? The first Ordnance Survey map of 1868 suggests that the footprint was then very much the same as it was in 1895, which would imply that the wing was already in its present form. 


Kippington House: the long north wing probably incorporates elements of the 17th century house. Image: Trevor Hayman.
What was very probably done in 1874 was the alteration of the south-facing return elevation of the main block by the addition of a full-height bay window in place of the westernmost two bays, and a glazed verandah. 

In the late 19th century, W.J. Thompson began the suburban development of the Kippington estate, initially by building a few large villas, but almost the whole of the once large park has now been covered by housing. Rather surprisingly, Kippington House itself survives. It was made into a home for the elderly in 1951 and after this closed was restored and divided into flats. At some point in this process the front porch was enclosed and the original Doric columns were altered into their present form. As part of the recent restoration work, the porch is now once more open, and it is to be hoped that the original form of the columns can also be restored.

Descent: sold 1630 to Thomas Farnaby (d. 1647); to son, Francis Farnaby (fl. 1674); to son, Sir Charles Farnaby (1674-1741), 1st bt.; to son, Sir Thomas Farnaby (c.1708-60), 2nd bt.; to son, Sir Charles Farnaby (later Farnaby-Radcliffe) (c.1740-98), 3rd bt., who sold 1796 to Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815); to son, Thomas Austen (1775-1859); to nephew, John Francis Austen (1817-93), who leased the house to a Mr Fay and sold 1865 to William James Thompson (1817-1904)...converted to a home for the elderly in 1951...


Capel Manor, Horsmonden, Kent


Capel Manor: the house of 1859-62, demolished in 1966.

An Italian Gothic style house, designed by T.H. Wyatt in 1859-62 for John Francis Austin (1817-93), who according to Eastlake exerted considerable influence on the design.  Three colours of stone were used, and there was much carving. Inside, the house had a vast square top-lit staircase hall and interiors which mixed classical and Gothic forms eclectically.


Capel Manor, Horsmonden: staircase hall. Image: Historic England.
During the Second World War the house and grounds were a base for many military units and a unit of the National Fire Service, and at the end of the war the house was in poor condition. It was demolished either in the 1950s or in 1966 (perhaps partly at one time and the rest later), leaving only the foundations, an arcaded terrace with balustrades and the shell of the conservatory.

Capel Manor: the Modernist house designed by Michael Manser in 1970. Image: Gyles Portman. Some rights reserved.

In 1969-70 Michael Manser Associates built a small new Modernist house on the site of the Victorian building for John Howard MP (1913-82), an adviser to Edward Heath. Placing the new building - which had no pretensions to country house scale - on this site allowed it to appropriate the gardens and landscaping of its predecessor, but it may also have been a symbolic opportunity for one of the high priests of British Modernism to plant his standard on the ruins of historicist architecture. Manser's Capel Manor is not unpleasing in its own terms, looking back as it does to the pure early Modernism of Mies van der Rohe. Its failing is one of scale and ambition, not of presence. It has a steel frame on a concrete podium clad in dark blue quarry tiles. The windows have bronze-tinted glass in aluminium frames. Inside, the roof is clad in pine boarding and the internal walls are of dark brown brick. A swimming pool was constructed within the ruins of the Victorian conservatory. The original house had only two bedrooms, and a pair of detached guest pavilions, designed by Ewan Cameron Architects of Glasgow, was added to the site in 2011 in a style which echoes the Miesian spirit of the main building without directly copying its forms. 

Descent: built 1859-62 for John Francis Austen (1817-93); to widow, Mrs. Georgiana Frederica Austen (1843-1931); sold after her death but apparently unoccupied until WW2, when requisitioned for military use; after the war there was a nursery in the grounds and the house may have been unoccupied until it was demolished in 1950s/1966; site sold to John Howard MP (1913-82), who built a new house;... sold 1999 to Remy Blumenfeld.


Austen family of Capel Manor



Austen, John (1560-1621). Son of Robert Austen (d. 1603) of Goudhurst and Horsmonden, clothier, and his wife Elizabeth (d. 1608), baptised at Goudhurst, 26 April 1560. Yeoman and clothier. He married, 14 September 1584 at Lydd (Kent), Joan (1568-1604), daughter of Jeffery Berry of Midley (Kent), and had issue:
(1) John Austen (1585-1650), baptised at Horsmonden, 1 August 1585; probably inherited Broad Ford from his father in 1621; died without issue and probably unmarried, and was buried at Horsmonden, 30 September 1650; will proved 26 October 1650;
(2) Jeffery Austen (1588-1636), baptised at Horsmonden, 2 June 1588; married, c.1620, Elizabeth Apsley (d. 1638), and had issue one son and one daughter; buried 19 March 1636;
(3) Benjamin Austen (1591-1637), baptised at Horsmonden, 16 May 1591; clothier at Goudhurst; married, 16 June 1626 at Tonbridge (Kent), Susannah, daughter of Richard Brattle, and had issue four sons and two daughters; buried at Goudhurst, 22 May 1637; will proved 17 May 1637;
(4) Robert Austen (1594-c.1645), baptised at Horsmonden, 22 October 1594; clothier at Brenchley (Kent); married Elizabeth Keyley and had issue two sons and two daughters; his will was proved in 1645;
(5) Joan Austen (b. 1597), baptised at Horsmonden, 10 July 1597; married, before 1619, John Perryn, and had issue two sons and five daughters; died between 1636 and 1650;
(6) Francis Austen (1600-88) (q.v.);
(7) Peter Austen (1602-38), baptised 3 October 1602; married c.1630, Elizabeth [s.u.] and had issue two sons and one daughter; died about 5 May 1638;
(8) twin, Richard Austen (b. 1604), baptised at Horsmonden, 9 December 1604; married (perhaps 15 March 1637 at Rochester (Kent)), Ann (Keylen?) and had issue three sons and two daughters; living in 1650;
(9) twin, Thomas Austen (b. 1604), baptised at Horsmonden, 9 December 1604; apparently lived at Goudhurst; married; and had issue three sons and one daughter; living in 1650.
He was brought up at Goudhurst but after his marriage moved to Horsmonden, where he had acquired Broad Ford by 1602. After his death this property probably passed to his eldest son, John, and when he died in 1650 went to the next surviving brother, Francis Austen (1600-88).
He was buried at Horsmonden, 5 March 1620/1; his will was proved 22 March 1621. His wife died in childbirth, 9 December 1604 and was buried at Horsmonden, where she is commemorated by a monument.

Austen, Francis (1600-88). Fifth son of John Austen (1560-1621) of Broad Ford, Horsmonden, and his wife Joan, daughter of Jeffery Berry of Midley, baptised at Horsmonden, 11 May 1600. Clothier. He married, c.1620, Ellen [surname unknown], and had issue:
(1) John Austen (1629-1705) (q.v.);
(2) Eleanor Austen (1631-1719?), baptised at Horsmonden, August 1631; married, 23 June 1657 at Cranbrook (Kent), John Springett of Brenchley (Kent) and had issue two sons and four daughters; perhaps the woman of this name buried at Boxley (Kent), 16 December 1719;
(3) Francis Austen (b. 1633), baptised at Goudhurst; died young;
(4) Thomas Austen (b. 1637), baptised at Goudhurst, 21 January 1637;
(5) Anne Austen (b. 1641); baptised at Goudhurst, 7 November 1641; married, 23 December 1661 at Hawkhurst (Kent), Nathaniel Pix (b. c.1636) and had issue one son and two daughters;
(6) Francis Austen (b. 1644), baptised at Goudhurst, 28 April 1644;
(7) Elizabeth Austen (b. 1646), baptised at Goudhurst, 25 January 1645/6; married, 14 February 1662/3 at Hawkhurst, John Maule (b. 1639) and had issue two daughters;
(8) Samuel Austen (b. 1648), baptised at Goudhurst, 20 August 1648; living in 1663.
He is said to have purchased the manors of Grovehurst, Hoathe, Smeeth and Capel, and probably inherited Broad Ford from his elder brother in 1650. He lived at Grovehurst.
He was buried at Horsmonden, 15 March 1687/8; his will was proved 11 April 1688. His wife's date of death is unknown.


John Austen (1629-1705)
Austen, John (1629-1705). Only son and heir of Francis Austen (1600-88) of Broad Ford and Grovehurst, Horsmonden, and his wife Ellen, born 1629. He married, 1654, Jane (1639-86), daughter of John Atkins of Brightling (Sussex), and had issue:
(1) Jane alias Joan Austen (1655-1725), born 21 November 1655; married, 11 May 1680 at Goudhurst, Stephen Stringer (d. 1717) of Goudhurst and had issue five daughters; buried at Goudhurst, 27 November 1725;
(2) John Austen (1657-1704) (q.v.);
(3) William Austen (b. c.1659); died in infancy;
(4) Ellen Austen (b. c.1661); married, 8 December 1687, Edward Osborne (1657-1716) of Horsmonden, but had no issue; died before 1690, when her husband married again;
(5) Anne Austen (d. 1742), born either c.1663 or c.1669; married, 7 November 1688 at Horsmonden, John Holman (b. c.1660) of Tenterden (Kent) and had issue one son and nine daughters; died 5 February 1742.
He inherited Broad Ford and Grovehurst, Horsmonden from his father in 1688. At his death in 1705 he was succeeded by his grandson, John Austen (1696-1728).
He died 13 July 1705 and was buried at Horsmonden, where he is commemorated by an inscription; his will was proved 24 November 1705. His wife was buried at Horsmonden, 2 March 1685/6.

Austen, John (1657-1704). Only son of John Austen (1629-1705) and his wife Jane Atkins, born at Broad Ford, 1657. He seems to have been a careless, easy-going man, who thought frugality unnecessary, as he would succeed to the estate on his father's death, but he predeceased his father and died leaving substantial debts, which it fell to his widow to clear. He married, 19 January 1693 at Tonbridge (Kent), Elizabeth (1671-1721), daughter of Thomas Weller, and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Austen (b. 1695), born 16 June and baptised at Horsmonden, 30 June 1695; married, George Hooper (1691-1752) of Tonbridge, attorney at law, and had issue two sons and three daughters; 
(2) John Austen (1696-1728) (q.v.);
(3) Francis Austen (1698-1791) (q.v.);
(4) Thomas Austen (1699-1772), born 13 October and baptised 23 October 1699; educated at Sevenoaks School; apothecary at Tonbridge; married Elizabeth Burgess and had issue one son; died 1772; will proved 10 April 1772;
(5) William Austen (1700-37), born 3 February and baptised at Horsmonden, 18 February 1700; educated at Sevenoaks School; surgeon in Tonbridge; married 1st, 12 January 1727 in London, Rebecca Walter (c.1695-1733) and had issue one son (Rev. George Austen, the father of Jane Austen, the novelist) and three daughters; married 2nd, 20 May 1736, Susannah Kelp (1688-1766) but had no further issue; died 7 December and was buried at Tonbridge, 12 December 1737;
(6) Robert Austen (1702-28), born 16 September and baptised at Horsmonden, 30 September 1702; educated at Sevenoaks School; died unmarried of smallpox, 27 January 1727/8 and was buried at Tenterden, where he is commemorated by a ledger stone;
(7) Stephen Austen (1704-51), born 27 January and baptised at Horsmonden, 11 February 1703/4; educated at Sevenoaks School; bookseller at Newgate St., London; married Elizabeth [surname unknown] and was buried at Horsmonden, 7 January 1750/1; his will was proved 24 January 1750/1.
He died of consumption, 21 September 1704, in his father's lifetime, and was buried at Horsmonden, where he is commemorated by a ledger stone; his will was proved 19 January 1704/5. After his death, his widow took employment as housekeeper to the headmaster of Sevenoaks School; she died in Tonbridge in 1720/1.

Austen, John (1696-1728). Eldest son of John Austen (1657-1704) and his wife Elizabeth Weller, born 14 August and baptised at Horsmonden, 20 August 1696. Educated at Sevenoaks School. Farmer and landowner at Horsmonden and East Guldeford (Sussex). He married, c.1720, his cousin, Mary (1699-1759), daughter of Stephen Stringer, and had issue:
(1) Jane Austen (c.1723-70); died unmarried, 6 September and was buried at Horsmonden, 11 September 1770;
(2) Elizabeth Austen (1724-1800), baptised at Sevenoaks, 7 April 1724; married, 1746, Rev. John Fermor alias Boorder (1719-73), rector of Crayford (Kent), and had issue two sons (who both predeceased her); buried at Sevenoaks, 5 September 1800;
(3) John Austen (1726-1807) (q.v.).
He inherited Broad Ford and Grovehurst, Horsmonden, from his grandfather in 1705 and came of age in 1717.
He was buried at Horsmonden, 17 September 1728; his will was proved 3 March 1728/9. His widow was buried at Horsmonden, 17 October 1759.

Austen, John (1726-1807). Only son of John Austen (1696-1728) and his wife Mary Stringer, born 1726.  Farmer and landowner at Horsmonden and East Guldeford (Sussex). He married, 1759, Joanna Weekes (1739-1811), and had issue:
(1) Mary Austen (1760-1803), born 1760; died unmarried and was buried at Horsmonden, 28 March 1803.
He inherited Broad Ford and Grovehurst, Horsmonden, from his father in 1728 and came of age in 1747. At his death his property passed to his widow for life and then to his first cousin, once removed, the Rev. John Austen (1777-1851) of Chevening.
He died in January 1807 and was buried at Horsmonden, 3 February 1807; his will was proved 18 March 1807. His widow died 9 July and was buried at Horsmonden, 16 July 1811; her will was proved 17 August 1811.


Francis Austen (1698-1791)
Austen, Francis (1698-1791). Second son of John Austen (1657-1704) and his wife Elizabeth Weller, born 25 February and baptised at Horsmonden, 15 March 1697/8. Educated at Sevenoaks School. Established a legal practice in Sevenoaks 'with £800 and a bundle of pens' in 1722; became a specialist in land law, with a practice in Clifford's Inn, of which he was at one time Principal, in addition to his firm in Sevenoaks; Under-Sheriff for Kent from 1733; Clerk of the Peace for Kent, 1753-73; Governor of Sevenoaks School; trustee of eleven turnpike trusts and many similar posts in Kent. After the death of his brother William, he acted almost as a surrogate father for his nephew, Rev. George Austen (father of the novelist, Jane Austen), paying for him to attend University, and he continued to take a keen interest in his nephew's career and family; his second wife acted as one of Jane Austen's godparents at her christening in 1776, and Jane and her sister were taken to stay with him at Sevenoaks in 1788. He married 1st, 2 January 1746/7 at Tonbridge, Anne, daughter and heiress of Thomas Motley, and 2nd, 19 August 1758 at St Dunstan in the West, London, Jane (c.1715-82), the daughter of [forename unknown] Chadwick and widow of Samuel Lennard of West Wickham (Kent), and had issue:
(1.1) Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815) (q.v.);
(2.1) Rev. Sackville Austen (1759-86), baptised at Sevenoaks, 10 July 1759; educated at Queens' College, Cambridge (matriculated 1778; BA 1781; MA 1785); ordained deacon, 1783 and priest, 1784; rector of West Wickham (Kent), 1784-86 and of Horsted Keynes (Sussex), 1785-86; married, 18 January 1785, Anne (1759-1826), daughter of Thomas Lambard of Sevenoaks, but had no issue; died 3 July 1786;
(2.2) Maj. John Austen (1761-1831), born at Sevenoaks, 1761; an officer in 36th Foot (Capt. by 1789; Maj., 1794; retired 1796); DL for Kent; married, 8 August 1793 at Lamberhurst (Sussex), Harriet (d. 1811), daughter of Thomas Hussey of Burwash (Sussex) and Ashford (Kent), and had issue two sons and one daughter; died at Hastings, 8 February 1831.
He lived at the Red House, High St., Sevenoaks. He amassed considerable wealth during his long career in the law, much of which was invested in property in Kent and Sussex, but he seems never to have bought a country house.
He died in 1791; his will was proved in the PCC, 6 July 1791. His first wife was buried at St Swithin, Walcot, Bath (Somerset), 11 November 1755. His second wife died in 1782.


Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815)
Austen, Francis Motley (1747-1815). Only child of Francis Austen (1698-1791) and his first wife Anne, daughter and heiress of Thomas Motley, born 7 November and baptised at Beckenham (Kent), 11 November 1747. Educated at Hertford College, Oxford (matriculated 1765) and Middle Temple (admitted 1764), he followed his father into the legal profession and had chambers in the Middle Temple; Clerk of the Peace for Kent, 1773-1808; Governor of Sevenoaks School; a trustee of several turnpike trusts etc. An officer in the Holmsdale Volunteers (Maj., 1803). He married, 11 June 1772 at St. Anne, Soho, London, Elizabeth (1751-1817), daughter of Sir Thomas Wilson of West Wickham (Kent), and had issue:
(1) Francis Lucius Austen (c.1773-1815), born in London, about 1773; an officer in the Kent Militia (Ensign, 1796; Lt., 1797; Capt., 1798; Maj., 1803); DL for Kent, 1802; lived at Wilmington (Kent); married, 7 February 1805 at St Marylebone (Middx), Penelope (1783-1833), daughter of Montague Cholmeley of Easton (Lincs) and had issue four daughters; became mentally unstable in about 1813; died 19 February 1815; will proved 13 May 1815;
(2) Col. Thomas Austen (1775-1859) (q.v.);
(3) Jane Austen (c.1776-1857), born in London about 1776; married, 10 January 1797 at St George, Hanover Square, London, William Campion (1770-1855) of Danny Park (Sussex), son of Henry Courthope Campion of Danny, and had issue nine children; died 10 March 1857;
(4) Rev. John Austen (1777-1851) (q.v.);
(5) Lt-Col. Henry Austen (1779-1850), born 14 May and baptised at Wilmington (Kent), 17 July 1779; an officer in the army (Capt., 1798; Maj., 1807; Lt-Col., 1813); died unmarried at Bellevue, Sevenoaks, 27 September 1850;
(6) Elizabeth Austen (1780-1858), born 10 July and baptised at St James, Westminster, 17 July 1780; died unmarried, 1858;
(7) Marianne Austen (1781-96), baptised at Lamberhurst, 29 September 1781; died young, 1796;
(8) George Lennard Austen (1782-1844), baptised at Lamberhurst, 22 October 1782; an officer in the Kent (Sevenoaks & Bromley) Militia (Capt., 1801); articled to Thomas Clarke of London, attorney, 1801; solicitor at Sevenoaks, in partnership with William Francis Holcroft; married, 6 August 1814 at Sevenoaks, Harriet Hughes, but had no issue; died at Sevenoaks, 8 November 1844, and was buried there; will proved 17 January 1845;
(9) Frances Austen (b. c. 1783), born about 1783; probably died young;
(10) Edward Austen (1785-1815), baptised at Lamberhurst, 15 February 1785; died unmarried, 1815;
(11) Rev. William Austen (1787-1854), baptised at Lamberhurst, 24 December 1787; educated at Brasenose College, Oxford (matriculated 1806; BA 1809); ordained priest, 1812; rector of Horsted Keynes (Sussex), 1815-40; married, 15 December 1814, Elizabeth Matilda, daughter of John Butler Harrison, and had issue; died at Southampton, 5 April 1854; will proved 28 August 1854.
He lived at Court Lodge, Lamberhurst (a property owned by the Morland family) until he foreclosed on a mortgage on the Kippington House estate near Sevenoaks in 1796 and moved there.
He died 14 April 1815 and was buried at Sevenoaks; his will was proved in the PCC, 13 May 1815. His widow died in 1817 and was buried at Sevenoaks.


Col. Thomas Austen (1775-1859)
Austen, Col. Thomas (1775-1859). Second son of Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Wilson of West Wickham (Kent), born 1775. Educated at St John's College, Cambridge (admitted 1793), but entered the army, 1794 (Capt., 1796; Maj., 1801; Lt-Col., 1805; Col., 1813). He was Governor of the Algarve during the Peninsula Wars, and later Chief Aide to Charles Whitworth, 1st Earl Whitworth, as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1813-17. High Sheriff of Kent, 1823-24; MP for West Kent, 1846-47. He was a second cousin of the novelist Jane Austen, and a friend of Jane's brother, Edward Knight; both men played cricket for the Duke of Dorset's team, The Gentlemen of Kent. He married 1st, 30 April 1803 at St Swithin, Walcot, Bath (Somerset), Margaretta (1777-1825), daughter of Thomas Morland of Court Lodge, Lamberhurst (Sussex), and 2nd, 5 July 1826 at St Mary, Bryanston Square, London, Caroline Catherine (1801-94), daughter of William Manning, but had no issue.
He inherited the Kippington House estate from his father in 1815 and gained possession on the death of his mother in 1817. At his death it passed to his nephew, John Francis Austen (1817-93).
He died at Kippington, 23 July 1859. His first wife died at Sevenoaks, January 1825, and was buried there. His widow died 1 January 1894; her will was proved 19 February 1894 (effects £17,683).

Austen, Rev. John (1777-1851). Third son of Francis Motley Austen (1747-1815) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Wilson of West Wickham (Kent), born 6 June and baptised at Wilmington (Kent), 17 July 1777. Educated at Oriel College, Oxford (matriculated 1794; BA 1799; MA 1803). Ordained deacon, 1800 and priest, 1801. Rector of Crayford (Kent), 1806-13 and of Chevening (Kent), 1813-51; domestic chaplain to 4th Duke of Dorset at Knole, 1806 and to 4th Earl Stanhope at Chevening, 1817. He married, 7 September 1813 at Seal (Kent), Harriet (1785-1873), daughter of Thomas Lane of Bradbourne (Kent), and had issue:
(1) John Francis Austen (1817-93) (q.v.);
(2) Lt-Col. Charles Wilson Austen (1818-64), baptised at Chevening, 20 September 1818; an officer in the infantry (Ensign, 1838; Lt., 1840; Capt., 1848; Maj., 1856; Lt-Col., 1858); married, c.1852, Elizabeth (b. 1825), daughter of Thomas Tiesdell Killick, and had issue one son and one daughter; died 7 December 1864 from wounds received in action in New Zealand; will proved 8 April 1865 (effects under £5,000);
(3) Elizabeth Austen (1820-96), baptised at Chevening, 11 July 1820; married, 11 September 1856 at Sevenoaks, Maj-Gen. Henry Terrick FitzHugh JP (1827-1910), second son of Rev. W.A. FitzHugh, rector of Street (Sussex); died 23 August 1896; will proved 11 September 1896 (effects £102);
(4) Catherine Frances Austen (1821-1907), baptised at Chevening, 19 August 1821; lived at The Old House, Sevenoaks; died unmarried, 4 October 1907; will proved 31 October 1907 (estate £26,087);
(5) Rev. Henry Morland Austen (1823-1904), baptised at Chevening, 6 March 1823; educated at Winchester and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1841; BA 1845; MA 1849); ordained deacon, 1847 and priest, 1848; rector of Crayford (Kent), 1851-73; married, 15 September 1853 at Sturminster Marshall (Dorset), Mary, daughter of William Parke of Sturminster Marshall and 'The Thickets', Jamaica, but had no issue; died 4 May 1904; will proved 2 June 1904 (estate £14,857);
(6) Henrietta Louisa Austen (b. 1824), baptised at Chevening, 30 May 1824; probably died young;
(7) Marianne Austen (1825-92), baptised at Chevening, 31 October 1825; lived with her sister Catherine at The Old House, Sevenoaks; died 31 March 1892; will proved 29 April 1892 (estate £9,989).
He lived at Chevening. In 1807 he seems to have inherited the family property at Horsmonden under the will of his first cousin once removed, John Austen (1726-1807).
He died at Chevening Rectory, 22 September 1851; his will was proved 6 October 1851. His widow died 9 January 1873; her will was proved 14 February 1873 (effects under £2,000).

Austen, John Francis (1817-93). Eldest son of Rev. John Austen (1777-1851) and his wife Harriet, daughter of Thomas Lane of Bradbourne (Kent), born 13 September and baptised at Chevening, 15 September 1817. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1836; BA 1840) and the Inner Temple (admitted 1840). JP for Kent from 1867. He married 1st, 21 July 1855 at Sturminster Newton (Dorset), Charlotte (c.1820-62), only child of William Tucker of Lower Henbury, Sturminster Marshall (Dorset), and 2nd, 27 June 1868 at Old Windsor (Berks), Georgiana Frederica (1843-1931), eldest daughter of Charles Pearse of London, and had issue:
(1.1) Charlotte Marianne Austen (1857-1910), born 31 October and baptised at St Paul, Knightsbridge (Middx), 2 December 1857; married, 19 April 1887 at All Saints, Knightsbridge (Middx), as his first wife, Sir William Smith-Marriott (1865-1943), 8th bt., eldest son of John Bosworth Smith-Marriott of The Grove (Kent), and had issue one daughter; died 23 March 1910; will proved 15 June 1910 (estate £13,670);
(1.2) Roma Catherine Mary Austen (1859-1932), born in London, 20 February 1859; musician and charity worker; married*, 5 September 1925 in Marylebone (Middx), Henry Hugo Meyer (1873-1931) of Roehampton (Surrey), private detective; died 7 April 1932; will proved 9 July 1932 (estate £11,353);
(2.1) Georgina Catherine Florence Austen (1870-85), born in London, 9 April 1870; died young, 23 May 1885;
(2.2) Frances Elizabeth Margaret Austen (1880-1930), born in London, 6 October 1880; died unmarried at Capel Manor, 1 July 1930; will proved 26 August 1930 (estate £7,816).
He lived in London. He inherited the Kippington House estate from his uncle in 1859 but let it and then sold it in 1865. He built Capel Manor at Horsmonden in 1859-62. After his death Capel Manor was occupied by his widow and her surviving unmarried daughter.
He died 27 October and was buried at Horsmonden, 1 November 1893; his will was proved 16 December 1893 (effects £77,389). His first wife died 19 December and was buried at Horsmonden, 26 December 1862. His widow died 22 May 1931; her will was proved 24 July 1931 (estate £7,139).
* This may have been her second marriage as press reports of it give her maiden name and add "(Mrs Webster)"; there is no trace of a Webster marriage in England and it may have taken place in South Africa, where she evidently had links.


Sources


Burke's Landed Gentry, 1925, p. 51; D. Le Faye, A Chronology of Jane Austen and Her Family: 1700-2000, 2006, passimJ. Newman, The buildings of England: Kent - West and The Weald, 4th edn., 2012, pp. 307, 531-32; H. Dyke, 'Jane Austen's family and Court Lodge', Austentations, 2013; http://www.theweald.org/N10.asp?NId=10100198http://www.genealogycrank.co.uk/pdfs/austen_evidence.pdf.


Location of archives


Austen family of Horsmonden & Kippington: deeds and estate papers, c.1600-1930 [East Sussex Record Office, Acc. 8293]


Coat of arms


Or, on a chevron between three lions' gambs erect, erased sable, as many plates.


Can you help?


Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch.

  • Can anyone explain the ownership history of Capel Manor and Broad Ford after 1931? J.F. Austen's trustees sold the contents of Capel Manor in 1931 but I cannot find any record of the sale of the estate or of its subsequent owners until the 1960s.
  • Can anyone explain the ownership history and use of Kippington House after 1904?
  • Can anyone provide more information about the careers and marriages of the children of Francis Austen (1600-88)?
  • Can anyone tell me more about the life and career of Roma Catherine Mary Austen (1859-1932)? In addition to extensive good works and musical interests, she was a member of the Roentgen Society. She may have spent some time in South Africa in the 1890s or 1900s and was perhaps briefly married to a Mr. Webster, but later reverted to her maiden name and was living in London by 1910. In 1925 she married H.H. Meyer, a London private detective.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 19 March 2017.