Sunday, 21 August 2016

(226) Atherley of Landguard Manor and Northbrook House

The Atherley family were prominent in Southampton from the late 17th century to the mid 19th century, and may always have been associated with the brewing industry. Arthur Atherley, who appears in the city records in the 1660s and 1670s, was a maltster. His son, Arthur Atherley (1664-1741) was twice mayor of the city and he and his sons Arthur and Richard are described simply as merchants, but in the next generation Arthur Atherley (1746-1820) re-established the connection with brewing - if it had been broken - when he married one of the daughters of Sir John Carter (1741-1808) of Portsmouth, a partner in Pike's Brewery in that town. Atherley described himself as brewer and distiller in his will and was evidently a partner in Pike's brewery himself as well as having interests in Southampton.

William Pike (1691-1777), the founder of Pike's Brewery, had invested the profits of his mercantile career in the purchase of estates in the Isle of Wight. The largest of his purchases took place in 1753, when he bought the manors of Luccombe, Appleford, Cleaveland and Landguard in Bonchurch, Godshill, Newchurch and Brading from the Knight family. At his death Pike left two daughters, Susannah (the wife of John Carter) and Ann (the wife of Thomas Bonham), who inherited the brewery and estates amounting to some 5,730 acres. Between them the sisters had nine children, and the subsequent history of the Pike estate is somewhat obscure, as various members of the Bonham and Carter families are found dealing with it in the late 18th century, and it may well have been managed collectively rather than being apportioned between the heirs. A new polite front was built at Landguard Manor at this time, but it is not clear that it was used as a residence by any members of the family; it may have been let or occupied by the family's agent.

What is clear is that after the death of Sir John Carter in 1808, control of much of the estate passed to Arthur Atherley (1746-1820) and then to his son, Arthur Atherley (1772-1844). The younger Arthur was educated at Eton and Cambridge and then at Lincoln's Inn, and was the first of his family to receive this sort of gentleman's education. Although he may have had interests in some of the family's business enterprises, he was not directly engaged in them, and he lived as a gentleman of independent means. He was politically active as a strong Foxite Whig, and served three times as MP for Southampton, although even with the Duke of Norfolk's support his efforts to get elected for Arundel (Sussex), where he lived, were unsuccessful. His younger brother George Atherley (1782-1856) was not sent to university, but into one of the local Southampton banks, where he rapidly became a partner in the firm of Atherley & Fall. George's son, George Atherley (1818-83) followed him into the bank, but in the 1850s he bought Northbrook House at Bishop Waltham with a small acreage, so this branch of the family eventually acquired its own landed property too. However, in the next generation, Maj. Evelyn George Hammond Atherley (1852-1935) sold it soon after inheriting it.

Despite their large holdings in the Isle of Wight, supplemented by an estate at Shirley (Hants) which they acquired before 1820, the senior branch of the Atherleys did not rush to settle on their estates either. Arthur Atherley (1772-1844) was succeeded by his eldest son, Rev. Arthur Atherley (1794-1857), who was vicar of Heavitree in Exeter (Devon) and also held a prebend in Chichester Cathedral. It was only when his son, Lt-Col. Francis Henry Atherley (1831-97), who married a daughter of the Earl of Suffolk & Berkshire, inherited, that Landguard Manor seems to have become a regular family residence, and in 1878 the house was substantially enlarged and remodelled. It passed to Col. Atherley's only son, Arthur Harry Howard Atherley (1865-1917), whose widow sold it in 1926.



Landguard Manor, Shanklin, Isle of Wight


Landguard Manor: the five-bay 18th century south front.

The earliest part of the house today is the late 18th century five bay south front of red brick with stone quoins, which has recently been defaced by the addition of a debased classical porch. This brick front was apparently an addition to an earlier 17th century stone house of the Knight family, which was demolished in 1878 and replaced by the present large, irregular, stone-built neo-Jacobean range. 


Landguard Manor: the east front of the 1878 range, from an old postcard.

The extension has a richly decorated balustraded porch, round-arched at the front and sides, which was probably added in 1906. To the west there is another wing with an arched loggia. Inside, there is a two-storey colonnaded hall, with a well staircase, also of 1906.

In the mid 20th century the house became a holiday centre for the Co-operative Holidays Association, and it is now operated as a wedding and events venue.

Descent: Edward Knight (d. 1612)... Anne Knight, sold 1753 to William Pike (1691-1777) of Portsmouth;to daughters, wives of John Carter and Thomas Bonham; to Sir John Carter (1741-1808); to son-in-law, Arthur Atherley (1746-1820); to son, Arthur Atherley (1772-1844); to son, Rev. Arthur Atherley (1794-1857); to son, Lt-Col. Francis Henry Atherley (1831-97), who remodelled it in 1878; to son, Arthur Harry Howard Atherley (1865-1917); to widow, Eleanor Gertrude Atherley (née Lumsden) (1872-1952), later wife of Maj-Gen. Albemarle Bertie Edward Cator DSO (d. 1932), who sold 1926... Co-operative Holidays Association (fl. 1949)



Northbrook House, Bishops Waltham, Hampshire


Northbrook House, Bishops Waltham: garden front.

A two-storey late 18th century Georgian stuccoed house, extended in the early 19th century and later. The south-east facing main elevation is of eight bays, grouped 3-3-2, with a Doric porch on the third bay, oddly placed to the left of the breakfront. The front has a plinth, first-floor plat band, moulded cornice and coping to parapet. The garden front is similarly two-storeyed and stuccoed, but lacks the plat band, and has the parapet swept down over the central six bays. The south end elevation is tile-hung and at the north end a large wing projects to the west. Inside there are some early 19th century fireplaces, ceiling cornices, and panelled doors in architraves. The house became offices for Droxford Rural District Council in the mid 20th century and was recently converted into flats.

Descent: Thomas Grant; to widow (d. 1837), who let to tenants including Earl of Huntingdon (c.1822), Adm. E.G. Colpoys (d. c.1834), N.W. Kindersley (d. 1844), and Col. Saunderson (fl. 1847)...sold in 1850s to George Atherley (1818-83); to son, Maj. Evelyn George Hammond Atherley (b. 1852)...Droxford Rural District Council...



Atherley family of Landguard Manor



Atherley, Arthur (1746-1820). Son of Arthur Atherley of Southampton and his wife, baptised 27 December 1746 at All Saints, Southampton. Brewer and distiller at Portsmouth. Mayor of Southampton, 1783-84 and 1797-98; JP for Southampton; elected a Burgess of Portsmouth, 1772, 1782. He married, 12 February 1769 at St Thomas, Portsmouth (Hants), Susanna (1748-1802), daughter of Sir John Carter, and had issue:
(1) Arthur Atherley (1772-1844) (q.v.);
(2) John Carter Atherley (1774-95), baptised 20 March 1774 at All Saints, Southampton; an officer in the Coldstream Guards (Ensign, 1792; Lt., 1794; Capt., 1794); died unmarried in Holland, 22 January 1795;
(3) William Atherley (1777-78), baptised 22 August 1777 at All Saints, Southampton; died in infancy and was buried at Southampton, 3 March 1778;
(4) William Atherley (b. & d. 1780), baptised 8 August 1780 at All Saints, Southampton; died in infancy and was buried at Southampton, 24 September 1780;
(5) George Atherley (1782-1856) [for whom see Atherley family of Northbrook House, below];
(6) Susannah Atherley (1788-1828), baptised 8 August 1788 at All Saints, Southampton; married, 7 August 1816 at Southampton, Rear-Adm. Frederick Jennings Thomas (1786-1855), younger son of Sir John Thomas, 5th bt., of Wenvoe Castle (Glam), and had issue three sons and one daughter; died 23 July 1828.
He lived at Southampton and accumulated property in Hampshire (Shirley) and the Isle of Wight, including Landguard Manor which he acquired through his marriage.
He was buried at All Saints, Southampton, 4 March 1820; his will was proved in the PCC, 9 May 1820. His wife was buried at All Saints, Southampton, 26 February 1802.


Arthur Atherley at Eton
by Sir Thomas Lawrence.
Atherley, Arthur (1772-1844). Son of Arthur Atherley (d. 1820), banker, of Southampton and his wife, Susanna, daughter of John Carter of Portsmouth (Hants), born 1772. Educated at Eton (Capt. of Ad Montem Club), Trinity College, Cambridge (admitted 1790) and Lincolns Inn (admitted 1791). An officer in the Winchester Suburbs Volunteers (Lt., 1803; Capt., 1804; Maj. commanding, 1807). Whig MP for Southampton, 1806-07, 1812-18, 1831-34, and stood unsuccessfully for Arundel in 1819 and 1820; in politics he was a friend and supporter of Charles James Fox who described himself as 'an uncompromising friend of Reform'. JP for Hampshire, Sussex and Southampton. He married, 2/16 June 1793, Lady Louisa (1768-1819), daughter of William John Kerr, 5th Marquess of Lothian, and had issue:
(1) Rev. Arthur Atherley (1796-1857) (q.v.);
(2) Louisa Mary Atherley (1798-1864), baptised 12 July 1798 at St Swithin, Winchester (Hants); died unmarried in Bath, 8 November 1864; her will was proved 3 January 1865 (effects under £14,000);
(3) Mary Atherley (1799-1830?), baptised 23 August 1799 at St Swithun, Winchester (Hants); perhaps the lady of this name who was buried at Portsmouth, 31 January 1830;
(4) Sydney Charlotte Anne Atherley (c.1800-52); married, 19 November 1827 at Arundel (Sussex), as his second wife, Col. Samuel Long; died aged 52 and was buried at Norwood Cemetery (Surrey), 13 July 1852;
(5) Amelia Calles Montague Atherley (1801-04), baptised 22 October 1801; died young and was buried 17 October 1804 at All Saints, Southampton;
(6) General Mark Kerr Atherley (1804-84), baptised 17 May 1804 at Winchester Cathedral; an officer in the army (Ensign, 1823; Lt., 1825; Capt., 1828; Maj., 1841; Lt-Col., 1849; Col., 1854; Maj-Gen. 1864; Lt-Gen., 1872; Gen., 1877); Colonel of the Gordon Highlanders, 1880-84; married, 3 April 1847 at Belturbet (Cavan), Martha J. Bowen (c.1830-1906) and had issue two sons and seven daughters; died in London, 11 March 1884 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 19 March 1884; his will was proved 21 April 1884 (effects £3,676);
(7) Rev. Henry Fox Atherley (1806-c.1874), born 7 January 1806; educated at Denham (Bucks) and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1824; BA 1828; MA 1831); ordained deacon, 1829 and priest, 1830; curate of Upper Beeding (Sussex), 1846-50; vicar of Staverton (Devon), 1850-74; married, 11 October 1831 at Romsey (Hants), Frances Heathcote (c.1811-58) and had issue one son; died 2 August 1874; his will proved 28 August 1874 (effects under £8,000);
(6) Matilda Mary D'Arcy Atherley (1809-50), baptised 10 August 1809 at St. Lawrence, Winchester; died unmarried at Bath, 17 May 1850; her will was proved 27 June 1850.
He inherited his father's property in Hampshire (Shirley) and the Isle of Wight (Luccombe in Bonchurch and Landguard Manor) but lived at Arundel, and retired to Brighton after leaving politics in 1834.
He died 1 October 1844 at the Tower House, Brighton (Sussex) and was buried at All Saints, Southampton; his will was proved 19 November 1844. His wife died 23 June 1819.

Atherley, Rev. Arthur (1794-1857). Eldest son of Arthur Atherley (1772-1844) and his wife Lady Louisa, daughter of William John Kerr, 5th Marquess of Lothian, born 8 February 1794. Educated at Southampton and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1812; MA 1816); ordained deacon and priest, 1818; vicar of Heavitree, Exeter (Devon), 1820-57; prebendary of Chichester Cathedral, 1833-57. He was elected a burgess of Portsmouth in 1817. He married, 8 November 1821, Amelia Elizabeth (1796-1875), daughter of Richard Dawkins, Commissioner of Excise, and had issue:
(1) Arthur Pelham Atherley (1822-47), baptised 19 August 1822; an officer in the army (ensign, 1840-42); married, 3? March 1846 at Abergavenny (Monmouths.), Sarah Ann, eldest daughter of John Thompson; died at Bath, 20 November 1847;
(2) Louisa Atherley (1824-1908), baptised 2 September 1824; married, 2 January 1845, Charles Davers Osborn (1819-46) of Heavitree, second son of Sir John Osborn, 5th bt., of Chicksands Priory (Beds); died in London, 30 April 1908; will proved 26 August 1908 (estate £1,507);
(3) Arabella Jane Catherine Atherley (1827-1919), baptised 3 March 1827; died unmarried in London, 23 April 1919 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 25 April 1919; her will was proved 31 May 1919 (estate £3,195);
(4) Henrietta Frances Isabella Atherley (1829-1919), baptised 15 June 1829; died unmarried in London, 2 April 1919 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 8 April 1919; her will was proved 31 May 1919 (estate £1,728);
(5) Lt-Col. Francis Henry Atherley (1831-97) (q.v.);
(6) Capt. Edward Gambier Eliot Atherley (1834-98), born 18 December 1834; an officer in the army (Ensign, 1852; Lt., 1854; Capt 1860); died at Puckeridge (Herts), 10 October 1898 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 21 October 1898;
(7) Sydney Kerr Buller Atherley (1837-78), baptised 28 November 1837; educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1855); married, 3 April 1877, Georgina Louisa (c.1831-1919), daughter of Grenville L. Berkeley but had no issue; died 27 February 1878.
He inherited his father's property in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, including Landguard Manor. After his death his widow moved to 33 Eaton Place, London with her unmarried and widowed daughters.
He died in London, 14 February 1857; his will was proved 27 May 1857. His widow died in London, 20 January 1875; her will was proved 15 February 1875 (estate under £8,000).


F.H. Atherley 1831-97
Some rights reserved.
Atherley, Lt-Col. Francis Henry (1831-97). Second son of Rev. Arthur Atherley (1794-1857) of Heavitree, Exeter (Devon) and his wife Amelia Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Dawkins, Commissioner of Excise, born 30 May 1831. An officer in the 40th Regiment and later the Rifle Brigade (2nd Lt., 1849; Lt., 1850; Capt., 1854; Maj. 1858, retired 1858); and of the Isle of Wight Volunteer Battalion (Maj., 1870; Lt-Col., 1871; T/Col., 1881; retired 1891); JP for Hampshire, 1869. He married, 18 June 1863 at Charlton (Wilts), Lady Isabel Julia Elizabeth (1831-1910), daughter of Charles John Howard, 17th Earl of Suffolk & Berkshire, and had issue:
(1) Arthur Harry Howard Atherley (1865-1917) (q.v.).
He inherited his father's estates in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, including Landguard Manor, Shanklin (Isle of Wight) which he enlarged and remodelled in 1878.
He died 31 March 1897 and was buried at Southampton Cemetery; will proved 20 August 1897 (effects £5,916). His widow died 8 November 1910; administration of her goods was granted 2 February 1911 (estate £1,524).

Atherley, Arthur Harry Howard (1865-1917). Only recorded son of Lt-Col. Francis Henry Atherley (1831-97) of Landguard Manor, Shanklin (Isle of Wight) and his wife Lady Isabel Julia Elizabeth, daughter of Charles John Howard, 17th Earl of Suffolk & Berkshire, born 25 May 1865. JP and DL for Hampshire. In 1905 he gave the site for Shanklin Cottage Hospital. He married, 25 September 1902 at St Mary, Carden Place, Aberdeen, Eleanor Gertrude (1872-1952), daughter of James Forbes Lumsden of Johnstone House, Aberdeen, and had issue:
(1) Isabel Eleanor Evelyn Atherley (1904-64), born 7 March 1904; married 1st, 4 June 1925 at St Peter, Eaton Square, London, Edward Geoffrey Pease, racehorse trainer, son of Leonard Pease of Beverley, and had issue two daughters; married 2nd, Jul-Sep 1946, as his second wife, Arthur Turberville Smith-Bingham (1906-88), son of Brig-Gen. Oswald Buckley Smith-Bingham CMG ; died 28 April 1964; her will was proved 23 October 1964 (estate £13,667);
(2) Helen Myrtle Dorothy (nickname Flash) Atherley (1905-76), born 5 August 1905; travelled extensively to exotic countries with her first husband, who was a big game hunter; married 1st, 14 October 1926 at the Guards Chapel, London, Lt-Col. Edward Orlando Kellett MP (c.1902-43) and had issue one daughter (later Lady Holderness); married 2nd, 26 February 1946, Hon. William Johnston McGowan (1909-77), second son of Harry Duncan McGowan, 1st Baron McGowan, and had issue another daughter (later Lady Hindlip); died 16 March 1976; will proved 23 August 1976 (estate £8,839).
He inherited Landguard Manor from his father in 1897. At his death it passed to his widow, who sold it in 1926.
He died 4 July 1917 and was buried at Shanklin (Isle of Wight); his will was proved 6 October 1917 (estate £17,512). His widow married 2nd, Apr-Jun 1920, Col. Albemarle Bertie Edward Cator DSO, son of Albemarle Cator of Woodbastwick Hall (Norfk); she died 25 January 1952; administration of her goods granted 7 May 1952 to her younger daughter (estate £1,631).



Atherley family of Northbrook House


Atherley, George (1782-1856). Younger son of Arthur Atherley (1746-1820), banker, of Southampton and his wife, Susanna, daughter of Sir John Carter, kt., of Portsmouth (Hants), baptised at Southampton, 26 December 1782. Partner in Atherley & Fall, bankers, of Southampton. Mayor of Southampton, 1816-17, 1821-22; Chairman of the Hampshire Reform Association, 1835. He married, 28 February 1814 at St Thomas, Winchester (Hants), Fanny (1782-1868), daughter of Peter Gauntlett of Winchester, and had issue:
(1) Selina Atherley (1817-99), born 10 March 1817; married, 20 June 1843 at Southampton, Capt. John Henry Forrest (c.1816-1901), Chief Constable of Nottinghamshire and later of Hampshire, and had issue seven sons and four daughters; died 3 September 1899;
(2) George Atherley (1818-83) (q.v.);
(3) Rev. Arthur Gauntlett Atherley (1822-95), baptised at Southampton, 1 August 1822; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1841; BA 1845); ordained deacon 1847 and priest 1848; curate of Biddestone (Wilts) (c.1851-55); perpetual curate of Alderton (Wilts), 1859-64; minister of Hartham (Wilts) Chapel, 1864-80; married, 25 May 1852 at St Mary, Paddington (Middx), Georgiana (1824-79), daughter of Col. William Forrest, and had issue five sons and five daughters; died 4 September 1895; will proved 14 October 1895 (effects £39,618).
He lived at Southampton.
He died at Southampton, 13/15 March 1856 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 20 March 1856; his will was proved 11 April 1856. His widow died in Winchester, 12 July 1868 and was buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, 17 July 1868; her will was proved 11 September 1868 (effects under £3,000).

Atherley, George (1818-83). Only recorded son of George Atherley (d. 1856) of Southampton and his wife, born 31 October 1818. Educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1837). Partner in Atherley & Fall (later Maddison & Atherley), bankers, from 1843, and also in the Southampton & Hampshire Bank. JP and DL for Hampshire. Deputy Chairman of the Bishops Waltham Charity Trustees; President of the Bishops Waltham Reading Society. He married, 27 November 1851 at St Michael, Pimlico, London, Ellen (c.1831-82), second daughter of Arthur Frederick esq., and had issue:
(1) Evelyn George Hammond Atherley (1852-1935) (q.v.);

(2) Maud Elizabeth Atherley (1856-64), born 21 May 1856; died young, 26 October 1864.
He lived at Chilworth Manor near Romsey until he purchased Northbrook House, Bishop Waltham (Hants) with about 37 acres in the late 1850s.
He died at Southampton, 19 April 1883; his will was proved 18 July 1883 (effects £59,539). His wife died 31 December 1882.

Atherley, Maj. Evelyn George Hammond (1852-1935). Only recorded son of George Atherley of Northbrook House, Bishop Waltham (Hants) and his wife Ellen, second daughter of Arthur Frederick esq., born 9 September 1852. An officer in the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (Lt., 1875; Capt., 1883; Major, 1889; retired 1894); he played polo for his regiment and was part of the team which won the Hurlingham Champion Cup in 1876. He married, 11 February 1888, Helen (1864-1922), third daughter of Hugh Lindsay Antrobus of Lower Cheam House, Surrey, but had no issue.
He inherited Northbrook House from his father in 1883 but probably sold it soon afterwards. He later rented Coughton Court (Warks) (c.1901), Attingham Park (Shropshire) (c.1904), Hampton Court (Herefs) (c.1908) and Croft Castle (Herefs) (c.1922) for short periods, and had various addresses in London.
He died 15 February 1935; his will was proved 24 April 1935 (estate £228,012). His wife died in London, 22 November 1922; her will was proved 21 June 1923 (estate £14,900).


Sources


Burke's Landed Gentry, 1898, i, pp. 39-40; Burke's Landed Gentry, 1925, p. 46; Sir N. Pevsner & D. Lloyd, The buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, 1967, p. 109; D.W. Lloyd & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: The Isle of Wight, 2006, p. 269.


Location of archives


Atherley of Landguard Manor: deeds and papers, 1862-86 [Southampton Archives, D/MW Box 41]


Coat of arms


None recorded, although Arthur Atherley in the 18th century and Lt-Col. F.H. Atherley and his son in the early 20th century used the same arms as the Adderley family of Hams Hall, Barons Norton.


Can you help?


Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch.

  • Can anyone explain the descent of Landguard Manor from William Pike (1691-1777) to Arthur Atherley (1746-1820)? Did Atherley buy out the interests of others who were entitled to a share in the property?
  • Can anyone provide fuller information about the descent of Landguard Manor or Northbrook House in the 20th century after they were sold by the Atherley family?
  • Does anyone know what happened to Edward Geoffrey Pease (fl. 1925-29), the first husband of Isabel Eleanor Evelyn Atherley (1904-64)? I can find no record of his death, or of a divorce, before she remarried in 1946.



Revision and acknowledgements


This post was first published 21 August 2016 and updated 27 January 2017.

4 comments:

  1. Sir, with regard to Edward Geoffrey Pease: the 1901 census lists an Edward G. Pease, son of Leonard J. ('living on own means', several servants) and Ellen A. Pease [presumably Leonard Joseph, son of Arthur Burton Pease, a banker, of Sculcoates, Yorks.; Leonard married Ellen Armytage Wade in 1895], of Brantingham, Beverley, Yorks., as being born in 1897. A presumably corresponding death record for Edward G. Pease born 1897 gives his place and year of death as Marylebone, 1959. Presumably therefore he and Isabel Atherley divorced; unfortunately I could find virtually nothing else on the matter.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for the additional information!

      Delete
  2. Rev. Artur Atherley (226). His MA at Cambridge was 1816 not 1818 according to Venn.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Many thanks for this. I have incorporated the correction.

      Delete

Please leave a comment if you have any additional information or corrections to offer, or if you are able to help with additional images of the people or buildings in this post.