Both Garnsgate and Kenwick descended to Hinman Raddish Allenby (1793-1861), who became a solicitor. He left both estates to his elder son, Henry Hynman Allenby (1820-69), while to the younger, Hynman Allenby (1821-78) he evidently left investments, which enabled him to purchase Felixstowe Hall in Suffolk in 1862 and also land at West Bilney in Norfolk. When H.H. Allenby died in 1869 he divided his property between his adolescent sons. The elder, Henry Charles Hynman Allanby (1853-1935), received Kenwick Hall, but seems to have run out of money during the Agricultural Depression of the 1880s and sold it to his brother-in-law, Thomas Garfit. He subsequently lived in Argyllshire and in 1919 bought Balblair, a small house on the outskirts of Nairn in north-east Scotland, where his descendants still live. The younger, Samuel Hynman Allenby (1856-1915) received Garnsgate. When he married a daughter and co-heiress of the 14th Earl of Eglinton in 1885 he acquired a number of properties in England and Scotland and in 1893 changed his name to Montgomerie. Garnsgate was first let and later sold, being bought by the Parts of Holland County Council to provide smallholdings for young farmers, especially soldiers returning from the First World War.
Hynman Allenby (1821-78) left Felixstowe Hall to his widow Catherine, who died aged 91 in 1922. Much of the land around the house had already been sold to enable the development of Felixstowe as a town, and in 1923 the house was demolished and the remaining grounds became a public park (Allenby Park). The eldest of the couple's three sons was Field Marshal Sir Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby (1861-1936), who was created 1st Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe in 1919 in recognition of his services during the First World War, which included capturing Jerusalem from the Turks in 1917. As a military man serving mainly abroad he had no use for a country house, although the gift of £50,000 from a grateful nation which he received at the end of the First World War would have allowed him to purchase one if he so chose. He died in 1936 without surviving sons, but by special remainder his title passed to his brother's descendants, and is currently held by his great-nephew, the 3rd Viscount.
The spelling of the family's surname seems originally to have been Allanby. In the 18th century the variant Allenby was preferred, but in the late 19th century Henry Charles Hynman Allanby (1853-1935) reverted to the original version, while his brother's descendants stuck with Allenby, so that the two branches of the family now use different spellings. The surname Hinman or Hynman, which so many members of the family have borne as a forename, is more inconsistently spelt, although the latter version became more standard in the 20th century.
Garnsgate Hall, Long Sutton, Lincolnshire
|Garnsgate Hall. Image: Richard Croft. Licenced under this Creative Commons licence.|
The house has an early 18th century seven bay front, reputedly of 1724, with the typically Queen Anne period feature of narrow windows either side of the doorcase and of the middle window on the first floor, so the dimensions are more like those of a five or six bay house. The relatively narrow frontage belies the size of the house, however, and the side elevation shows that it is in reality a triple-pile house. Moreover, the brickwork, external chimneystacks, irregular windows and steep gables also hint at work of an earlier date, so it is likely that the early 18th century front was added to a 17th century house, perhaps even one of c.1685, the date when it is first recorded.
|Garnsgate Hall: side elevation.|
Inside there are several panelled rooms and an open-well staircase with barley-sugar balusters. The house and its land were acquired by the County Council for smallholdings after the First World War and the building had been divided into two dwellings by the 1940s. It was sold and was back in single occupation by the 1970s but became derelict in the 1980s and remained empty for some years. It was restored with the assistance of Council grants by Kevin Russell in 1996-2000, and is now run as a weddings and events venue by the present owners.
Descent: William Delamore (d. 1728); to son, Maurice Delamore, who became bankrupt and sold 1749 ?to Hinman Allenby (1725-93); to son, Hinman Allenby (1758-1807); to son, Hinman Raddish Allenby (1793-1861); to son, Henry Hynman Allenby (1820-69); to son, Samuel Hynman Allenby later Montgomerie (1856-1915), who let the house; apparently sold after his death.
Kenwick Hall, Legbourne, Lincolnshire
|Kenwick Hall after the alterations of 1888-89, from an old postcard.|
A large Georgian house, reputedly built in 1797 for Hinman Allenby, and probably consisting originally of a five bay three storey block with projecting three bay wings of the same height. This house was remodelled and extended in 1888-89 by Temple Moore for Thomas Garfit at a cost of £6,390, with the creation of a new two-storey west (entrance) range at right-angles to the earlier building, with a two storey porch and prominent bow windows. The two storeys of the new range were the same height as the three storeys of the original north range.
The house was bombed in the war and badly damaged. Repairs were carried out by the War Damage Commission at a cost of £40,000 but were so badly done that in 1960 the house was pulled down and replaced by a new neo-Georgian house built on the old cellars to the design of Eric Houfe of Richardson & Houfe.
|Kenwick Hall as rebuilt in 1960, with later hotel additions.|
It is built of a fawn-coloured Stamford brick, and stands low, with an overhanging hipped roof. The entrance side has porch with slender columns; the garden front has projecting bays at either end with bay windows and tripartite windows, and a shallow veranda, also on slender columns, between them. The interior has a fine staircase and other good joinery, and altogether the materials and execution are of good quality for the date. The stables of the old house survive, and were designed by Temple Moore in 1888 in the Queen Anne style; they were built around three sides of a courtyard and have a lantern. The south-east lodge is also by Moore. The park became a golf course in 1986 and the house was converted into an hotel in 1992 and has since been extended.
Descent: Hinman Allenby (1758-1807); to son, Hinman Raddish Allenby (1793-1861); to son, Henry Hynman Allenby (1820-69); to son, Henry Charles Hynman Allenby (1853-1935), who sold c.1885 to his brother-in-law, Thomas Cheney Garfit; sold 1925 to Capt. Oscar Dixon, who rebuilt it in 1960.
A plain harled three-storey square villa on the outskirts of Nairn, with origins dating back to the 17th century, but now largely as remodelled by William Mackintosh senior in 1887. In 1746, just before the Battle of Culloden, the Duke of Cumberland's camp was said to be based at Balblair.
Descent: sold 1919 to Henry Charles Hynman Allanby (1853-1935); to son, Allan Charles Hinman Allanby (1881-1938); to brother, Ronald Hinman Allanby (1887-1968); to son, Charles James Hinman Allenby (1932-2015); to son, Henry Hynman Allenby (b. 1965).
Allanby family of Garnsgate, Kenwick and Balblair
Allanby, Thomas (1656-1710) of Calcethorpe. Son of John Allanby of Calcethorpe (d. 1677) and his wife Anne, baptised 28 March 1656. Married, 1672, Dorothy (1650-1730), daughter of Henry Hinman of Swinhope (Lincs) and had issue:
(1) Dorothy Allanby (b. 1673), born January 1673; married 1st, Thomas Bennet (b. 1666) and had issue one son and one daughter; married 2nd, Francis Bromley (d. 1694);
(2) Hinman Allanby (b. 1676), baptised 26 December 1676; married Jane Teal and had issue one child;
(3) William Allanby (b. c1678-1722), baptised 18 July 1679; married Elizabeth Reynolds and had issue two sons; died in 1722;
(4) Jane Allanby (b. 1679), baptised 29 December 1679;
(5) Charles Allanby (1685-1727) (q.v.).
He died 8 January 1710/11.
Allenby, Charles (1685-1751) of Calcethorpe and North Ormesby. Son of Thomas Allanby (d. 1710) and his wife Dorothy, daughter of Henry Hinman of Swinhope (Lincs), baptised 9 November 1685. He married, 1706 (sep. after 1725?), Elizabeth Redmore (1687-1743), later of Garnsgate Hall, Long Sutton, and had issue:
(1) Sabiney Allenby (b. 1706), baptised at Burgh-on-Bain (Lincs), 9 January 1706;
(2) Charles Allenby (1710-48), baptised at Tathwell (Lincs), 10 June 1710; married Elizabeth Wells and had issue five sons and two daughters; died 17 March 1748;
(3) William Allenby (1712-93), baptised at Tathwell, 3 July 1712; married Mary [surname unknown] and had issue four sons and three daughters; died 27 August 1793;
(4) Elizabeth Allenby (b. 1713), baptised at Tathwell, 22 October 1713; married Joshua Byron;
(5) Ann Allenby (b. 1715), baptised at Tathwell, January 1715; married, 25 August 1747 at Lincoln, Thomas Sampson;
(6) Jane Allenby (b. 1716), baptised at Tathwell, 20 March 1716; married Samuel Epworth (b. 1718);
(7) Mary Allenby (b. 1718), baptised at Kelstern (Lincs), 7 September 1718; married William Williamson;
(8) Hinman Allanby (1725-93) (q.v.).
His wife apparently rented Garnsgate Hall in the 1730s. He was living at North Ormesby in 1750.
He died 30 August 1751; his will was proved in 2 September 1751. His wife died in 1743.
Allenby, Hinman (1725-93) of Garnsgate Hall. Son of Charles Allenby (1685-1727) and his wife Elizabeth Redmore of Garnsgate Hall, baptised at Kelstern, 11 October 1725. He married, 26 June 1755 at Keddington, Mary Petch (1736-1804) of Kiddington, and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Allenby (c.1756-1812), born about 1756; died 20 February 1812;
(2) William Charles Allenby (1757-1800), born 14 April 1757; died at New York, 1800;
(3) Hinman Allenby (1758-1807) (q.v.);
(4) Thomas Allenby (1760-80), born 23 July 1760; died 1780;
(5) Mary Allenby (1761-1838), born 2 January 1761; married, 26 June 1794, Richard Delamare; died 21 March 1838;
(6) Jane Allenby (1762-1834), born 22 July 1762; died 26 July 1834;
(7) Redmore Allenby (1764-1849) of Sutton St. Nicholas (Lincs), born 18 March 1764; died 27 June 1849;
(8) George Allenby (1765-1834), born 14 April 1765; married, 3 June 1797, Miss Harrington; died 31 March 1834;
(9) Samuel Allenby (1766-1824), born 13 July 1766; died September 1824;
(10) John Allenby, died at sea;
(11) Frances Allenby (1769-1804), born 7 May 1769; died 30 March 1804;
(12) Osney Allenby (b. 1770), born 28 June 1770; died in infancy;
(13) Anne Allenby (b. 1775), born 4 June 1775;
(14) Octavius Allenby (1779-1833), born 10 April 1779; died 18 November 1833.
He purchased Garnsgate Hall in about 1749.
He died in 1793 was buried at Nun Ormsby (Lincs); his will was proved at Lincoln, 15 October 1793. His widow died in 1804.
Allenby, Hinman (1758-1807) of Garnsgate Hall and Kenwick Hall. Son of Hinman Allenby (1725-93) and his wife Mary Petch, born 14 September 1758. He married at St Marylebone, London, 22 December 1789, Ann (1770-1851), daughter of William Raddish of London, a descendant in the female line of Oliver Cromwell, and had issue:
(1) Hinman Raddish Allenby (1793-1861) (q.v.);
(2) Edmund Henry Allenby (1797-1819), baptised 27 May 1797; died of exhaustion after climbing Mount Etna, at Catania (Sicily), 30 May 1819;
(3) Frederick Allenby (1800-15), born 12 March and baptised 17 March 1800; drowned while bathing in the sea at Mablethorpe (Lincs), 13 July 1815;
(4) Mary Anne Ellen Allenby (b. & d. 1801), baptised 25 October 1801; died in infancy, 1801;
(5) twin, Mary Anne Allenby (b. & d. 1804), baptised 27 July 1804; died in infancy, 1804;
(6) twin, Elizabeth Frances Allenby (b. & d. 1804), baptised 27 July 1804; died in infancy, 1804.
He inherited Garnsgate Hall from his father in 1793, and also Kenwick Hall.
He died 17 August 1807. His widow died in 1851, aged 80.
Allenby, Hinman Raddish (1793-1861) of Garnsgate Hall and Kenwick Hall. Son of Hinman Allenby (1758-1807) and his wife Anne, daughter of William Raddish, born 31 January and baptised 2 February 1793. Articled clerk to Edward Drozier of East Dereham (Norfolk), solicitor, 1809. He married, 4 August 1819, Elizabeth (1793-1870), daughter of H. Bourne of Dalby and had issue:
(1) Henry Hynman Allenby (1820-69) (q.v.);
(2) Hynman Allenby (1821-78) (q.v.).
He inherited Garnsgate Hall and Kenwick Hall from his father in 1807.
He died 27 March and was buried at Legbourne (Lincs), 2 April 1861; his will was proved 18 April 1861 (estate under £60,000). His widow died 7 August 1870; her will was proved 26 August 1870 (estate under £1,500).
Allenby, Henry Hynman (1820-69) of Kenwick Hall and Garnsgate Hall. Elder son of Hinman Raddish Allenby (1793-1861) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of H. Bourne of Dalby, born 8 May 1820. Articled clerk to Joseph Moore of Lincoln, solicitor, 1836. JP for Parts of Lindsey, Lincolnshire. Capt. in Lincolnshire Artillery. He married, 17 May 1849, Eliza (d. 1902), daughter of Titus Bourne of Alford (Lincs) and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Edith Allenby (1852-1932), born 9 January 1852; died unmarried, 18 April 1932; will proved 2 September 1932 (estate £5,127);
(2) Henry Charles Hynman Allanby (1853-1935) (q.v.);
(3) Alice Margaret Allenby (1855-88); born 8 March 1855; married, 8 November 1882, Rev. Charles Melville Pym (d. 1889), rector of Cherry Burton (Yorks) and had issue; died 1 January 1888;
(4) Samuel Hynman Allenby (later Montgomerie) (1856-1915), of Garnsgate Hall, Copthorne, Fawley (Hants), Southannan House, Fairlie (Ayrshire), Clenghearn Lodge (Lanarks) and Auchans Castle (Ayrshire), born 28 October 1856; Major, 3rd Battn, Lincolnshire Regiment; JP for Lincolnshire; JP and DL for Ayrshire; member of the Royal Company of Archers; married, 15 January 1885, Lady Sophia Montgomerie, eldest daughter and co-heir of Archibald William Montgomerie, 14th Earl of Eglinton and had issue three daughters; assumed the name and arms of Montgomerie by royal licence, 25 October 1893; died 16 June 1915.
He inherited Kenwick Hall and Garnsgate Hall from his father in 1861.
He died 23 August 1869 and his will was proved 29 September 1869 (effects under £30,000). His widow married 2nd, 1870, Rev. Erasmus R.W. Lloyd and died 14 September 1902; her will was proved 17 October 1902 (estate £2,509).
Allanby, Maj. Henry Charles Hynman (1853-1935) of Balblair. Elder son of Henry Hynman Allenby (1820-69) of Kenwick Hall and Garnsgate Hall and his wife Eliza, daughter of Titus Bourne of Alford (Lincs), born 18 May 1853. Educated at Harrow and Magdalen College, Oxford (MA 1878). Lieutenant in South Lincolnshire Militia, 1878; Major in 3rd Battn, Seaforth Highlanders; JP for Lincolnshire. He spent many years living in Argyllshire, where he interested himself in the language and music of the Highlands, and he was an accomplished performer on and judge of, the bagpipes. He resumed the original spelling of his surname, and married, 10 June 1879, Mary Florence (c.1853-1935), daughter of Thomas Garfit MP and had issue:
(1) Allan Charles Hinman Allanby (1881-1938), born 4 June 1881; officer in Mercantile Marine; married, 1907, Blanche Elizabeth Biggs (c.1883-1963); died 13 February 1938; will proved 22 April 1938 (estate £12,477)
(2) Florence Muriel Allanby (1883-1970); born 5 January and baptised 6 February 1883; married 12 September 1923, Col. Angus Cameron (d. 1961) of Firhall (Nairns), son of Dr. James Cameron of Firhall; died 1 August 1970, aged 87;
(3) Ronald Hinman Allanby (1887-1968) (q.v.).
He inherited Kenwick Hall from his father, but sold it and lived at Knaith Hall, Gainsborough and later in Argyllshire. He purchased Balblair in 1919; at his death it passed to his second son.
He died 28 December 1935; his will was proved 15 May 1936 (estate £82,521).
Allanby, Maj. Ronald Hinman (1887-1968) of Balblair. Second son of Henry Charles Hynman Allanby (1853-1935) of Balblair, and his wife Mary Florence, daughter of Thomas Garfit MP, born 16 December 1887. Educated at Wellington College and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; served as Major in 1st and 2nd Battns, Seaforth Highlanders, 1907-30; served in Mohmand Expedition, 1908 and WW1, 1914-18. He married, 30 April 1931 (separated 1943), Joan, daughter of Col. Charles H. Carr of Cramlington Hall (Northumberland) and had issue:
(1) Charles James Hinman Allanby (b. 1932) (q.v.);
(2) Judith Mary Allanby (b. 1939), born 25 November 1939.
He inherited Balblair from his father in 1938.
He died 22 January 1968.
Allanby, Charles James Hinman (1932-2015) of Balblair. Only son of Ronald Hinman Allanby (1887-1968) and his wife Joan, daughter of Col. Charles H. Carr of Cramlington Hall (Northumbld), born 30 March 1932. He married, 30 October 1964, Lady Anne Sarah Elizabeth Savile (d. 1980), daughter of John Raphael Wentworth Savile, 7th Earl of Mexborough, and had issue:
(1) Henry Hynman Allanby (b. 1965), born 11 October 1965; now of Balblair;
(2) William Allanby.
He inherited Balblair from his father in 1968.
He died suddenly in London, 2nd July 2015. His wife died in 1980.
Allenby, Hynman (1821-78) of Felixstowe Hall (Suffolk). Second son of Hinman Raddish Allenby (1793-1861) of Kenwick Hall and Garnsgate Hall, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of H. Bourne of Dalby, born 25 August 1821. Educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (admitted 1840) and Inner Temple (admitted 1848). He married, 3 February 1859 in Southwell Minster, Catherine Anne (1831-1922), daughter of Rev. Thomas Coats Cane, of Brackenhurst, Southwell (Notts), and had, among other issue:
(1) Catherine Mary Allenby (1860-1935), born 25 January and baptised 18 February 1860; married 20 October 1881, Rev. Henry Andrew (1847-1936), vicar of Griston (Norfolk) and had issue two sons and two daughters; died 7 April 1935; will proved 15 May 1935 (estate £3,029)
(2) Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby (1861-1936), 1st Viscount Allenby of Megiddo & Felixstowe (q.v.);
(3) Elizabeth Anne Grace Allenby (1862-1943), born 13 June and baptised 7 August 1862; married 14 June 1894, Maj. Gerard Lewis Fanshawe (1866-1904), son of Col. Thomas Basil Fanshawe; died without issue, 23 October 1943; will proved 7 February 1944 (estate £17,498);
(4) Capt. Frederick Claude Hynman Allenby (1864-1934) RN (q.v.);
(5) Helen Henriette Allenby (1866-1952), born 15 December 1866 and baptised 17 February 1867; married, 28 October 1893, Thomas Cunningham Porter (1860-1933), a science master at Eton and son of Christopher William Porter of Redland, Bristol; died without issue, 28 February 1952; will proved 13 December 1952 (estate £37,774);
(6) Alfred Hynman Allenby (1871-1945) of Holmwood, Brockenhurst (Hants), born 9 March and baptised 11 April 1871; educated at Isleworth International College and Jesus College, Cambridge (admitted 1890); laundry proprietor; married, 28 December 1901, Mary (b. 1864), daughter of Samuel Cornish of Holmwood, Brockenhurst (Hants); died without issue, 23 February 1945; will proved 23 May 1945 (estate £16,556).
He lived from 1862 at Felixstowe Hall, which he left to his widow; it was demolished after her death. He also owned an estate of 2,000 acres at West Bilney Lodge (Norfolk).
He died at Felixstowe Hall, 20 February 1878, and his will was proved 20 December 1878 (estate under £50,000). His widow died in 1922.
|1st Viscount Allenby|
(1) Horace Michael Hynman Allenby (1898-1917) MC, born 11 January 1898; educated at Wellington College; Lt. in Royal Horse Artillery; died unmarried, 29 July 1917 from wounds received in action.
In c.1906-08 he lived at Roman Hill House, East Donyland (Essex).
He died 14 May 1936 and was buried in Westminster Abbey; will proved 11 July 1936 (estate £30,249). His widow died 20 March 1942; her will was proved 6 July and 18 November 1942 (estate £21,321).
Allenby, Capt. Frederick Claude Hynman (1864-1934). Younger son of Hynman Allenby (1823-79) of Felixstowe Hall, and his wife Catherine Anne, daughter of Rev. T.C. Cane of Southwell (Notts), born 21 September and baptised 16 November 1864. Educated at HMS Britannia; joined the Royal Navy (Captain; retired, 1909); JP for Northumberland; CBE 1919. He married, 28 August 1901, Edith Mabel (d. 1956), daughter of John Munton Jaffray and had issue:
(1) Dudley Jaffray Hynman Allenby (1903-84), 2nd Viscount Allenby (q.v.);
(2) Ivy Catherine Allenby (1904-15), born 5 March 1904; died 9 February 1915;
(3) (Claude) William Hynman Allenby (1912-75), born 13 August 1912; educated at Stowe; Reserve of Officers in WW2; granted rank of a Viscount's younger son by royal warrant, 1939; married 1st, 1 July 1939 (div. 1948), Sheila Patsey, youngest daughter of G.P. Price of Beechfield, Petworth (Sussex) and 2nd, 11 September 1951, Barbara Marion (1917-2018), younger daughter of John Hall of Felpham (Sussex); died without issue, 2 December 1975.
He died at sea, 1 August 1934; his will was proved 27 September 1934 (estate £466). His widow died 28 January 1956; her will was proved 8 May 1956 (estate £5,536).
Allenby, Lt-Col. Dudley Jaffray Hynman (1903-84), 2nd Viscount Allenby. Elder son of Capt. Frederick Claude Hynman Allenby (1864-1934) and his wife Edith Mabel, daughter of John Munton Jaffray, born 8 January 1903. Educated at Eton and Royal Military College, Sandhurst. Served in the army with 11th Hussars; served in India, 1923-26; adjutant, 1926-30; instructor at Sandhurst, 1930-34; served in Egypt, 1934-37; adjutant, Army Fighting Vehicles School, 1937-40; served with Royal Gloucestershire Hussars, 1940-42; Lt. Col. of 2nd Derbyshire Yeomanry, 1942-46; retired, 1946. Succeeded his uncle in the viscountcy by special remainder, 1936. He married 1st, 10 July 1930 (div. 1949), Gertrude Mary Lethbridge, daughter of Edward Geoffrey Stanley Champneys of Otterpool Manor, Sellinge (Kent) and 2nd, 13 April 1949, Daisy (d. 1985), daughter of Charles Francis Hancox and formerly wife of Carl Arthur Bendix and Col. Lionel George Cotterell Neame, and had issue:
(1.1) Michael Jaffray Hynman Allenby (b. 1931), 3rd Viscount Allenby (q.v.).
He died 17 July 1984.
|3rd Viscount Allenby|
(1) Henry Jaffray Hynman Allenby (b. 1968), 4th Viscount Allenby, born 29 July 1968; married 29 September 1996, Louise Victoria Green, and has issue two sons.
The 3rd Viscount died 3 October 2014.
Burke's Landed Gentry, successive editions, 1898-1952; Sir N. Pevsner, J. Harris & N. Antram, The buildings of England: Lincolnshire, 2nd edn., 1989, pp. 423, 433, 537; T.R. Leach & R. Pacey, Lost Lincolnshire country houses, vol. 1, 1990, p. 33; G.K. Brandwood, Temple Moore, 1997, p. 217; http://www.scottisharchitects.org.uk/building_full.php?id=216749; http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/15146/details/balblair/; http://civitasnyc.org/live/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/civitas_spring_2008.pdf
Location of archives
Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman (1861-1936), 1st Viscount Allenby: correspondence and papers, 1880-1936 [Kings College, London: Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, Allenby]
Coat of arms
Argent, on a chevron engrailed azure between four horses' heads erased, three in chief and one in base, gules, three crescents of the field, all within a bordure of the second.
This account was posted on 4 December 2013 and was revised 19 October 2014, 31 May and 11 July 2015, 21 July 2016, 10 September 2017 and 7 May 2018. I am grateful to Nicola P for corrections.