Saturday, 30 November 2013

(90) Allan of Aros House, Mull

Captain Sandy Allen (1780-1854), the son of the Fairlie House estate carpenter and a first cousin of the poet, Robert Burns, was apprenticed as a shoemaker after his father died young.  He completed his apprenticeship but by 1800 had moved to Saltcoats on the Ayrshire coast and gone to sea with the merchant navy.  He quickly rose to the command of a vessel and within a few years was part-owner of several ships.  In 1819 he founded his own shipping company, later the Allan Line, specialising in the busy transatlantic trade between Scotland and Canada, and playing a major role in the transport of Scottish families to new lives in Canada and the USA.  The 1970s television series, The Onedin Line, was loosely based on the story of the family and its transatlantic steamships.

Allan Line poster from c.1900

All five of his sons joined the business in turn, and when he retired in 1839 it was his second son, Hugh Allan, responsible for the Canadian end of the shipping business, who emerged as the leading figure.  Hugh (1810-82), who also developed extensive banking and commercial interests in Canada, was later knighted and when he died was thought to be one of the richest men in the world, with an estimated personal fortune of between £8m and £12m.  He lived at a grand mansion called Ravenscrag in Montreal's Golden Square Mile, which was designed by John Hopkins and Victor Roy and built in 1860-63.

Ravenscrag, Montreal, Canada.  Image:

Bryce Allan (1814-74), the middle one of Captain Alexander Allan's five sons, was at first one of the firm's sea captains, but in 1853 he moved to Liverpool to manage the company's office there.  In 1874 he bought Aros House near Tobermory on Mull, presumably with the idea of retiring there, but he died only a couple of months later.  His son, Alexander Allan (1844-1927) quickly sold up his business interests and became a full-time laird at Aros House.  Within a couple of generations, however, the family had exhausted its capital and Alastair Hugh Allan (1902-82) sold the house and later the estate in the 1950s.  The house was sold to a house-breaker who stripped the fixtures and fittings, and the Forestry Commission, which acquired the house and estate in 1959, decided that nothing could be done with the house and decided to demolish it.  As it was so solidly built, the Army was invited to blow it up as a training exercise in 1962.  More happily, the grounds were opened to the public as a park, but over the years became heavily overgrown with rhodedendron ponticum, and a radical programme of clearance and replanting has been taking place in recent years.

Aros House (formerly Drumfin House), Mull, Argyllshire

Aros (Drumfin) House as first built by William Burn for Col. Maclean.  Image: Mull Museum

A Tudor Gothic house of dressed granite, begun by William Burn in 1825 for Lt-Col. Hugh Maclean of Coll as a winter residence, but never completed to the planned designs because Maclean ran out of money.  

Aros House, showing the new front and tower built by J.M. Wardrop in 1875; from an old postcard

In 1875 Alexander Allan employed J.M. Wardrop to extend the house and add the prominent tower at the south angle.  The house was sold in 1952 to a house-breaker who stripped the fixtures and fittings for sale, and in 1959 the Forestry Commission bought the house and estate.  The house was then uninhabitable and becoming unsafe, so in 1962 it was blown up by the army as an exercise.  The grounds were landscaped by the Allan family from c.1876 onwards and were opened to the public by the Forestry Commission in 1969.

Descent: British Fisheries Society sold 1821 to Lt-Col. Hugh Maclean (1782-1861); sold 1846 to David Nairn of Drumkilbo; sold 1850 to Alexander Crawford of Edinburgh; sold 1856 after his death to Capt. Farquhar Campbell; sold 1874 to Bryce Allan (1814-74), who was already the tenant; to son, Alexander Allan (1844-1927); to son, Bryce Allan (1874-?); to son, Alastair Hugh Allan (1902-82), who sold 1952 to Forestry Commission.

Allan family of Aros House, Mull

Alexander Allan 1780-1854
Allan, Capt. Alexander (Sandy) (1780-1854), of Saltcoats (Ayrshire).  Son of James Allan (1755-92), estate carpenter at Fairlie House and his wife Jean Brown (1750-1821), born 5 March 1780. He was a first cousin on his mother's side of the poet, Robert Burns, whose family also worked on the Fairlie estate.  Apprenticed as a shoemaker, but in 1800 moved to Saltcoats and went to sea.  He became a captain very quickly and within a few years was part-owner of several vessels; established the Allan Line in 1819, trading between Scotland and Montreal in Canada, and by the 1830s the firm had offices in Glasgow, Liverpool and Montreal and was one of the largest firms in the transatlantic trade; retired 1839. In later life he was an active temperance campaigner.  He married, 1806, Jean Crawford (1782-1856) and had issue:
(1) James Allan (1808-80); captain in the Allan Line and later manager of the company's affairs in Glasgow; Chairman of the Clyde Pilot Board and Clyde Lighthouse Trust; married and had issue four sons and four daughters; died 25 August 1880;
(2) Sir Hugh Allan (1810-82), KCMG, of Ravenscrag, Montreal (Canada), born 29 September 1810; chairman of Allan Line; shipping magnate, banker and capitalist based largely in Canada; married, 13 August 1844, Matilda Caroline (1828-81), daughter of John Smith of Athelstane Hall, Montreal (Canada) and had issue four sons and seven daughters; knighted 1871; died in Edinburgh, 9 December 1882; buried in Montreal; reckoned as one of the wealthiest men in the world at his death (estimates vary between £8m and £12m);
(3) Bryce Allan (1812/14-74) (q.v.)
(4) Andrew Allan (1822-1901), born 1 December 1822; chairman of Allan Line after his brother Hugh died; shipping magnate, banker and enterpreneur based largely in Canada; chairman of St. Paul's Presbyterian Church, Montreal, 1872-1901; master of Montreal Hunt in 1870s; president of Montreal Sailors Institute, 1862-1901; married, 1848, Isabella Ann, daughter of John Smith of Athelstane Hall, Montreal (Canada) and had issue five sons and three daughters; died 27 June 1901 in Montreal;
(5) Alexander Allan (1825-92) of Blackwood House, Kirkmuirhill; joined his brother James in the Glasgow office; married, 1 June 1854, Jane, daughter of Robert Smith of Glasgow, merchant, and had issue; died 2 April 1892.
He died 18 March 1854, aged 74 and was buried in Glasgow Old Churchyard, where there is a granite mausoleum to his memory.  His widow died 14 December 1856.

Allan, Bryce (1812/14-74), of Liverpool.  Third son of Capt. Alexander Allan (1780-1854) of Saltcoats (Ayrshire) and his wife Jean Crawford (1782-1856), born 21 November 1812 (or by some accounts 1814).  His father was a sea captain who established the Allan Line, which played a major role in moving people and goods between Scotland and Canada throughout the 19th century. Bryce was the third of five sons who enable the business to expand rapidly in the early 19th century. He worked first as a ship's captain and from 1853 as manager of the firm's Liverpool office; his elder brother, Sir Hugh Allan, succeeded his father as head of the firm and managed the Canadian end of the business.  Bryce married, 25 January 1844, Janet, daughter of George Blair of Greenock and had issue:
(1) Alexander Allan (1844-1927) (q.v.).
He purchased Aros House shortly before his death in 1874.
He died in Liverpool, 24 May 1874; his will was proved 17 August 1874 (estate under £250,000).

Allan, Alexander (1844-1927) of Aros House.  Only son of Bryce Allan (1812/14-74) and his wife Janet, daughter of George Blair of Greenock, born 4 November 1844.  JP and DL for Argyllshire; Sheriff of Argyllshire.  He married, 18 September 1866, Julia Elizabeth (d. 1926), daughter of Alexander M'Ewan of Sunderland, Islay and had issue:
(1) Bryce Allan (1874-1942) (q.v.);
He inherited Aros House from his father in 1874.
He died 15 December 1927. His wife died 6 November 1926.

Allan, Col. Bryce (1874-1942) OBE of Aros House.  Only son of Alexander Allan (1844-1927) and his wife Julia Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander M'Ewan of Sunderland, Islay, born 2 June 1874.  Educated at Fettes College, Harrow and St. John's College, Oxford (BA).  Served in Royal Artillery and was later Col. commanding 13th (Highland) Light Brigade, 1926-30; served in WW1 (mentioned in despatches, Croix de Guerre).  JP and DL for Argyllshire; member of Argyllshire County Council.  He married 1st, 14 February 1900 (later div.), Hilda Mary (d. 1967), daughter of James H. Allan of Shrawley Wood House (Worcs), and 2nd, 2 June 1928, Margaret Mary (d. 1964), daughter of Joseph William Melles of Gruline, Mull and widow of Capt. William George Keppel Gough, and had issue:
(1.1) Alastair Hugh Allan (1902-82) (q.v.)
He inherited Aros House from his father in 1927.
He died 3 June 1942.  His first wife died 1 August 1967; his widow died 23 October 1964.

Allan, Alastair Hugh (1902-82).  Only son of Col. Bryce Allan (1874-1942) and his first wife, Hilda Mary, daughter of James H. Allan of Shrawley Wood House (Worcs), born 18 January 1902.  Educated at Royal Naval College, Osborne, and Edinburgh Academy.  Served in merchant navy (certificate of competency as second mate, 1925); qualified as chartered accountant, 1934.  Served in WW2 as Lieutenant in RNVR.  He married, 7 July 1934, Anne, daughter of John Sutherland of Kirkcaldy (Fife) and had issue:
(1) Susan Mary Allan (b. 1936), born 27 April 1936; married, 26 April 1958, John Alexander Don Harrison, son of Alexander Harrison CBE of Edinburgh and had issue two sons;
(2) Margaret Doris Allan (b. 1939), born 14 March 1939; married Rev. Richard Gorrie of Glasgow;
(3) Jane Elizabeth Allan (b. 1941), born 3 December 1941; married 1st, 30 August 1968 (div. 1976), John Michael Griffiths-Jones, son of Charles William Griffiths-Jones of Cheltenham (Glos) and had issue a daughter; married 2nd, 1989, Ray Steadman of Burcombe (Wilts).
He inherited Aros House from his father in 1942, but sold the house in 1952 and the estate in 1959.
He died 7 January 1982.


Sir H.M. Colvin, A biographical dictionary of British architects, 1600-1840, 4th edn, 2008, p. 189;;;

Location of archives

No significant group of archives is known to exist.

Coat of arms

Per bend indented ermine and gules, in chief a stag's head erased of the second, attired or, and in base a crescent argent, all within a bordure sable.

Sunday, 24 November 2013

(89) Allan (later Havelock-Allan) of Blackwell Grange, baronets

Allan of Blackwell
George Allen (1663-1744), the sixth son of a Yarm merchant, settled at Darlington as a general merchant and laid the foundations of the family's fortune through the supply of salt to the Government.  He is said also to have invested in South Sea Company stock, but being warned of the impending crash, to have sold out before the 'South Sea Bubble' burst in 1719, leaving him with a substantial profit.  At all events, he was in a position to buy extensive landed property in Durham and the North Riding of Yorkshire in the early 18th century.  He is generally credited with building the centre (c.1693) and south range (1717-22) of Blackwell Grange, but it is not clear whether he acquired the estate early enough to have been responsible for the original building.  He was probably also responsible for laying out the grounds as a park with formal avenues and a pond.  He then handed the house over to his only surviving son, George Allan (1694-1753), and it was perhaps at this point that Blackwell Hall was built or enlarged as a second residence on the estate.  

Ordnance Survey 1" map, 7th Series, showing the relationship between Darlington, Blackwell Grange and Blackwell Hall.

George (d. 1753) left the estate to his daughters, the last of whom, Anne Allan, died in 1785. She left the estates to her cousin, James Allan (1712-90), from whom they descended to his son, George (1736-1800), who was famous for his antiquarian collections - and especially archives - from across the north-east, and who operated a private press at Blackwell at which some items from his collection were printed.  His son, George Allan (1767-1828), who was MP for Durham from 1813-18, sold Blackwell Hall to John Allan  (1778-1844), who enlarged it.  The two estates were reunited again by Robert Henry Allan (1802-79), who inherited the Grange in 1828 and the Hall in 1844.  Having no surviving children, he bequeathed them to his cousin, Sir Henry Marshman Havelock VC (d. 1897), on condition that the latter took the additional name and arms of Allan.  

The Havelocks were in origin a shipbuilding family from Sunderland, and William Havelock (1757-1837) made enough money to buy Ingress Park on the Thames at Greenhithe (Kent) in 1796, although he was obliged to sell it 20 years later.  They were connected with the Allans through the marriage in 1792 of Robert Allan (1769-1813) and Hannah Havelock (d. 1837), sister of the owner of Ingress Park.  William Havelock's four sons were all army officers, and in the 19th century the family had an exceptionally strong military tradition, which saw several of them killed in action and a grandson, Sir Henry (1830-97), awarded the VC and created a baronet.  It was this Sir Henry who inherited the Blackwell estates in 1879, and when he was killed by the Afridis in 1897 both Blackwell Grange and Blackwell Hall passed to his son, Sir Henry Spencer Moreton Havelock-Allan (1872-1953), 2nd bt.  He died without issue and the title passed to two of his nephews in turn, and the 3rd baronet ended the family's association with Blackwell by selling the estates to Darlington Corporation.  Blackwell Hall was demolished for housing development in about 1972; Blackwell Grange survives and is now an hotel.  A golf course occupies part of the grounds of both houses.

Blackwell Grange, Darlington, Co. Durham

Blackwell Grange Hotel: the east (entrance) front

A handsome brick mansion, built in three main phases.  The core is the five bay, three-storey centre of c.1693-1710.  To this was added the two storey south range, which is as tall as the original building.  It has five bays on the east front and ten (originally seven) to the south, and appears to date from 1717-22 (dates from rainwater heads), although the fenestration of the whole house must have been altered later.  

Blackwell Grange from an engraving of 1783.  The northern part of the present east front did not then exist.

The range north of the centre on the east front appears at a glance to match the south range but actually has more widely-spaced windows, and was not in existence in 1783, as the engraving above proves.  It was perhaps built in the 1790s when George Allan's expanding archival and museum collections must have needed additional space.  About 1900 the east front was extended to the north again by a single-storey range, the south front was extended to its present length, the entrance porch was added, and there were many internal alterations.  Since the house became an hotel, a big flat-roofed extension with a prominent lift tower has been added to the west and north.  The facades try to keep in keeping with the main building, but it is too big and unrelieved to be easily overlooked.  Inside, the house has a handsome top-lit hall with a staircase that starts as a single flight in the centre and divides in two at the half-pace to rise in two flights to the first floor landing, and one good 18th century room, the former state bedroom.  In the early 19th century the house was full of George Allan's collections; Surtees described how his collection of pictures, ‘filled every pannel [and], gradually insinuated themselves along the passages, and clothed the walls of the great staircase’, but these were dispersed by his son. The grounds were landscaped in the early 18th century with avenues and a formal pond, but this layout was badly damaged by a severe storm in January 1790, and a new informal landscaping plan was adopted in 1802.

Descent: George Allan (1663-1744); to son, George Allan (1694-1753); to daughters, of whom the survivor, Anne Allan (1718-85) bequeathed it to her cousin, James Allan (1712-90); to son, George Allan (1736-1800); to son, George Allan (1767-1828); to cousin, Robert Henry Allan (1802-79); to cousin, Sir James Marshman Havelock-Allan (d. 1897), 1st bt.; to son, Sir Henry Spencer Moreton Havelock-Allan (1872-1953), after whose death it was sold.

Blackwell Hall, Darlington, Co. Durham

Blackwell Hall, demolished c.1972.  Image: Matthew Beckett

A house of which remarkably little seems to be recorded.  The core would appear to have been built in the early 18th century, judging by the small-pane fenestration of the rear elevation shown in the photograph above.  The wings must represent later extensions, perhaps of several different dates; the long windows on the right-hand wing presumably belong to the extensions recorded as being carried out by John Allan after he bought the house in 1807.  Blackwell Hall was demolished for residential development in about 1972.

Descent: George Allan (1663-1744); to son, George Allan (1694-1753); to daughters, of whom the survivor, Anne Allan (1718-85) bequeathed it to her cousin, James Allan (1712-90); to son, George Allan (1736-1800); to son, George Allan (1767-1828); sold 1807 to cousin, John Allan (1778-1844); to nephew, Robert Henry Allan (1802-79); to cousin, Sir James Marshman Havelock-Allan (d. 1897), 1st bt.; to son, Sir Henry Spencer Moreton Havelock-Allan (1872-1953), after whose death it was sold.

Ingress Park, Greenhithe, Kent

Ingress Park was in origin an estate of Dartford Priory, which passed to the Crown at the Dissolution of the Monasteries and was sold in 1562.  Between then and 1620 the first mansion appears to have been built on the site.  

Ingress Park, as depicted by John Kip in 1719.

By 1719, when the house was depicted by John Kip, the front of the house facing the river had been recast in a fashionable Baroque style, but the awkward treatment of the facade, with a main range of six bays and a wing to the left which steps back in two stages, shows clearly that this was a remodelling of the earlier house and not a rebuilding.  Kip's engraving shows the house had a fairly simple formal setting, but this seems to have been landscaped away by Lord Bessborough, who during his brief tenure altered both the house and grounds, giving it the appearance shown in an engraving by John Boydell.  

Detail of Boydell's engraving, showing the house after the remodelling for Lord Bessborough, c.1753

When Lord Bessborough sold the estate in 1760 the purchaser was John Calcraft, later MP for Rochester, who remodelled the house to the designs of Sir William Chambers, reputedly at a cost of £5,000, and who did further work on the grounds, creating a greensward sweeping down to the river in the style of Capability Brown.  Nothing is known of any subsequent changes to the house, before William Havelock began demolition c.1812-15.  
Ingress Park in an engraving published in 1821, when the house had just been demolished

The estate was sold to the Government c.1816 and the remainder of the building was pulled down and the materials sold in 1820-21.  In 1831 the estate was sold to James Harmer, who built a large new Tudor Gothic mansion to the designs of Charles Moreing from 1833.  

Ingress Abbey after restoration, c.2010.  Image: David Oldman

Reputedly £120,000 was spent on the new house, which was built of Portland stone, reputedly reused from the old London Bridge, demolished the previous year.  At the same time, he created a number of follies and ornamental caves in the grounds, reusing decorative carved stonework from the old bridge in the Cave of the Seven Heads.  Inside the house, rooms were made up with old woodwork of the 16th and 17th centuries, much of it imported from the continent, but including a few features re-used from earlier houses at Ingress.  

Ingress Abbey: interior showing the lavish use of imported continental woodwork, photographed before 1906.

Ingress Abbey: a cluttered Victorian drawing room in the house, photographed before 1906.

The house passed into institutional use after 1906 and was unoccupied from about 1970 for some thirty years.  It was saved from the brink of ruin and restored as part of a major housing development in the grounds by Crest Nicholson housing from 1998 onwards.

Previous owners: Crown grant 1562 to John Bere and Edward Darbyshire; sold 1562 to [forename unknown] Jones; sold 1620 to [forename unknown] Whaley, who settled it on Thomas Holloway; to [forename unknown] Shires (d. 1648); to widow, Mary Shires, who sold 1649 to Capt. Edward Brent (d. 1676); to widow, Christian Brent; to son, Edward Brent, who in 1710 sold the estate to his mortgagees, Jonathan and Nathaniel Smith; Jonathan bought out his brother's share in 1719; sold 1737 to John Carmichael (1701-61), 3rd Earl of Hyndford; sold 1748 to William Ponsonby (c.1704-93), 2nd Earl of Bessborough; sold 1760 to John Calcraft MP (d. 1772); to illegitimate son, John Calcraft (b. 1765), under whom John Kirkman and Capt. Strangways were tenants; sold c.1788 to John Disney Roebuck (d. 1796), who gave it to his son, Henry Roebuck, who sold 1796 to William Havelock (1757-1837); who sold c.1816 to Government; sold 1831 to James Harmer (1777-1853?); to granddaughter, Elizabeth Harmer Chaplin, wife of Capt. Samuel “Charles” Umfreville; sold 1906 to British Portland Cement Co; sold 1920 to Incorporated Thames Nautical Training College (HMS Worcester); merged 1968 with other colleges to form Merchant Navy College, which closed in 1989; transferred to Marine Society, which sold 1998 to Crest Strategic Projects Ltd for redevelopment as housing.

Allan (later Havelock-Allan) family of Blackwell Grange

Allan, George (1663-1744), of Blackwell Grange.  Sixth son of George Allan of Yarm (Yorks), baptised 9 August 1663.  Settled at Darlington as a general merchant, making a substantial fortune as a supplier of salt to the Government.  He is said also to have made a significant profit from South Sea Company stock, which he sold before the 'South Sea Bubble' burst in 1719. He married Anne (d. 1709), daughter of James Grundy, and had issue:
(1) James Allan (1686-1713), baptised 15 August 1686; died unmarried and was buried 17 December 1713;
(2) George Allan (1688-93), baptised 4 July 1688; died in childhood and was buried, 23 March 1693;
(3) Thomas Allan (1690-95), baptised 6 December 1690; died in childhood and was buried 15 August 1695;
(4) Jane Allan (1692-1726), baptised 20 July 1692; married, 1 October 1719, Robert Killinghall of Middleton St. George; buried at Middleton St. George, 1 March 1726;
(5) Dorothy Allan (1693-95), baptised 29 November 1693; died in infancy and was buried 18 February 1694/5;
(6) George Allan (1694-1753) (q.v.);
(7) Anne Allan (1696-1737), baptised 13 November 1696; died unmarried and was buried 6 November 1737;
(8) Hannah Allen (1698-1778), baptised 14 September 1698; married 13 December 1743, Farrow Eden of Darlington, attorney; died 15 December 1778, aged 80.
He purchased the manor of Nether Worsall, estates at Eryholme and a moiety of the manor of Dalton-upon-Tees (Yorkshire NR) and several estates in Co. Durham.  He perhaps built and certainly added the south range to Blackwell Grange in 1717-22, before handing over the house and part of his estates to his surviving son, George Allan (1694-1753) in his lifetime.
He died 24 March 1743/4, aged 80; his will was proved at York, 31 May 1744.  His wife died 7 and was buried 9 February 1709/10.

Allan, George (1694-1753) of Blackwell Grange.  Son of George Allan (1663-1744) and his wife Anne, daughter of James Grundy, baptised 30 January 1694.  JP for County Durham.  He married, 13 August 1713, Thomasine (1692-1731), daughter and co-heir of Arthur Prescot of Blackwell, gent., and had issue:
(1) Anne Allan (1718-85), baptised 2 October 1718; died unmarried, 16 October 1785 and bequeathed the estate to her cousin, James Allan (1712-90);
(2) Catherine (Kitty) Allan (1719-53), baptised 19 June 1719; died unmarried and was buried, 10 June 1753;
(3) George Allan (b. & d. 1721), baptised 13 and buried 17 April 1721;
(3) Dorothy Allan (1722/3-60), baptised 14 March 1722/3; died unmarried, 1 October 1760.
He was given Blackwell Grange by his father.  At his death his estates passed to his daughters and on the death of Anne in 1785 to their cousin, James Allan (1712-90).
He died 31 July 1753, aged 58, and was buried 5 August 1753. His wife was buried 11 June 1731.

Allan, James (1712-90) of Blackwell Grange and Barton (Yorks). Youngest of fourteen children of Nicholas Allan (1668-1716) of Yarm, born 23 October 1712. Trained as an attorney and practised in the Durham courts; appointed bailiff of Darlington in 1738 by the Bishop of Durham. Described as ‘a good lawyer and a very accurate antiquary’; but also, while affable to acquaintances, to be ‘peevish and austere to an excess’, and his relations with his sons were poor.  He married, 18 November 1734 at Great Aycliffe, Elizabeth (1710-56), daughter of William Pemberton of Darlington, gent. and had issue:
(1) George Allan (1736-1800) (q.v.);
(2) James Allan (1738-1800), born 21 October and baptised 1 December 1738; DL for County Durham; died unmarried 26 September 1800;
(3) Robert Allan (1740-1806) (q.v.);
(4) Elizabeth Allan (1743-45), born 6 November and baptised 16 December 1743; died in infancy, 2 March 1745;
(5) Hannah Allan (b. 1746), born 29 September and baptised 24 November 1746; married, 20 July 1765, Jeremiah Rudd of Darlington, surgeon;
(6) Anne Allan (1749-67), born 19 March and baptised 8 April 1749; died unmarried, 28 August 1767;
(7) Susannah Allan (b. 1751), born 27 November 1751 and baptised 9 January 1752; married, 12 December 1770, Bristow Pease of Darlington.
He inherited Blackwell Grange from his cousin, Anne Allan, in 1785.
He died 19 January 1790, aged 77, and was buried at Darlington.  His wife was buried at Darlington, 28 June 1756.

George Allan (1736-1800) and William Hutchinson, antiquaries
Allan, George (1736-1800) of Blackwell Grange.  Son of James Allen (1712-90) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Pemberton, born 7 June and baptised 9 July 1736. Trained as a lawyer, and had an extensive practice in Darlington, from which he retired soon after inheriting his father's estates in 1790.  He was an eminent antiquary and collector; and was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1774.  He established a printing press at Blackwell Grange, 1768, at which some of his collections were published.  He was reputed to have paid considerable sums for the manuscript collections of Dr Christopher Hunter and of various Durham lawyers such as Thomas Gyll, John Mann, Ralph Hodgson, and Gabriel Swainston, and he presented twenty volumes of the collections of Rev. William Smith relating to the University of Oxford to the library of the Society of Antiquaries.  In 1790 he paid £700 for the entire natural history collections of his friend Marmaduke Tunstall of Wycliffe, and his personal collections included fossils, shells, insects, reptiles, and birds. His special interests were heraldry, genealogy, and the history of Darlington itself. In 1764 he was said to have been offered the place of Richmond herald, which he declined as incompatible with his professional standing and future prospects.  He was generous with his collections, and made them available to fellow antiquarians; he encouraged William Hutchinson, a fellow lawyer based at Barnard Castle, to make them the basis for aHistory of the County Palatine of Durham (3 vols., 1785–94). Later Robert Surtees made similar use of the material for his county history (4 vols., 1816–40), as did Sir Cuthbert Sharp for his work on Hartlepool. His son George wrote of him: ‘He was warm in his affections, but very keen in resentment, and though I believe as temperate a man as ever existed, he was extremely irritable during the latter years of his life’. He married, between 18 and 24 September 1766, Anne (1741-87), only daughter and heir of James Colling Nicholson of Scruton (Yorks) and had issue:
(1) George Allan (1767-1828) (q.v.);
(2) Anne Allan (c.1768-97); married, 4 September 1786, Capt. John Edward Wright (b. 1765) (who married 2nd, 1798, Agnes, daughter of John McKerrell of Hill House (Ayrshire)), of Bolton-on-Swale (Yorks) and had issue two sons and three daughters; died 21 March and was buried 24 March 1797;
(3) Elizabeth Allan (1769-94); baptised 15 June 1769; married, November 1791, Seymour Hodgson of Richmond (Yorks), merchant; died without issue, 24 November 1794;
(4) Hannah Allan (b. & d. 1770); baptised 28 November 1770; died in infancy;
(5) James Allan (1772-95), born 23 and baptised 27 February 1772; educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge (admitted 1788); Captain in 29th Foot; died unmarried of yellow fever on island of Grenada, 28 May 1795, aged 22;
(6) Dorothy Allan (d. 1821); died unmarried and without issue, 18 September1821.
He inherited the Blackwell Grange estate from his father in 1790.
He was paralysed by a stroke in July 1797 and died of a second stroke, 18 May 1800, aged 63, being buried in the family vault at Darlington church.

Allan, George (1767-1828) of Blackwell Grange.  Son of George Allan (1736-1800) and his wife Anne, only daughter and heir of James Colling Nicholson of Scuton (Yorks), born 8 July and baptised 31 July 1767.  Educated under Dr. Carr at Hertford and at Trinity Hall, Cambridge (admitted 1784; BA 1788; MA 1792) and at Middle Temple (admitted 1785; called to the bar, 1790). He shared his father's antiquarian interests, bought his library and collections (which were sold under his will) and continued them, but later sold the museum items to the Newcastle Literary and Philosophical Society and part of the archival materials to Durham Cathedral Library, where they remain; he was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, 1812.  He practised as a barrister on the Northern Circuit, 1790-1812; MP for City of Durham, 1813-18; he initially stood for re-election, but finding himself opposed and unable to bear the expense of a contested election, withdrew two days before the poll, and was subsequently obliged to live abroad. He was described as "a gentleman no less distinguished for his literary attainments than for an elegant, accomplished and generous mind." He married, September 1796, Prudence (d. 1844), daughter of William Williams, gent., but had no issue.
He inherited the Blackwell Grange estate from his father in 1800, and was reckoned a wealthy man, with an estate rental estimated in 1812 at over £10,000 a year.
He died at St. Omer (France), 21 July 1828, aged 61.  His widow died 31 March 1844.

Allan, Robert (1740-1806) of Bishop Wearmouth.  Youngest son of James Allan (1712-90) of Blackwell Grange and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Pemberton of Darlington, born 12 September and baptised 24 October 1740.  He married, 23 February 1767, Elizabeth (1740-1808), daughter and co-heir of Robert Harrison of Sunderland, and had issue:
(1) Robert Allan (1769-1813) (q.v.)
(2) Sober Allan, died in infancy;
(3) Elizabeth Allan (1770-1810), born 19 December 1770; married John Maling of Bishop Wearmouth; died without issue, October 1810;
(4) Anne Allan (1772-1807), born 5 November 1772; died unmarried, 30 May 1807;
(5) James Allan, died in infancy;
(6) Catherine Allan (1776-96), born 17 November 1776; died unmarried, 13 May 1796;
(7) John Allan (1778-1844) (q.v.);
(8) Mary Allen (b. 1781), born 27 October 1781; married at Bishopwearmouth, 23 November 1802, Capt. John Henry Johnson of North Yorkshire Militia, son of Owen Johnson of Waterford, and had issue one son.
He died 28 March 1806 and was buried at Monkwearmouth. His widow died 31 December 1808.

Allan, Robert (1769-1813) of Newbottle (Durham).  Elder son of Robert Allan (1740-1806) of Bishop Wearmouth and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Harrison of Sunderland, born 10 April 1769. He married, 20 December 1792, Hannah (d. 1837), daughter of William Havelock of Sunderland and had issue:
(1) James Allan (1793-94), born 16 October 1793; died in infancy, 22 April 1794 and was buried at Bishop Wearmouth;
(2) Elizabeth Anne Allan (1794-1854), born 6 December 1794; married, 21 May 1832, Benjamin Dunn of Hurworth (Durham) but died without issue, 25 December 1854;
(3) William Allan (1796-1854), born 21 May 1796; Lieutenant in 21st Fusiliers; JP for Co. Durham; died unmarried, 12 November 1854
(4) Catherine Mary Allan (1797-99), born 15 November 1797; died in infancy, 1799;
(5) Anne Allan (b. 1800) of Wilton House, Darlington, born 17 January 1800;
(6) Robert Henry Allan (1802-79) (q.v.);
(7) John Allan (1803-44), of Dalton-upon-Tees, born 21 June 1803; married Eliza Jeffries (d. 1866) but died without issue, 18 March 1844;
(8) George Thomas Allan (b. 1804) of Eryholme (Yorks), born 11 October 1804; married 11 October 1843, Maria, daughter of Rev. Thomas Ramshaw of Brampton (Cumbld) but had no issue;
(9) Johanna Mary Allan (1806-57), born 16 January 1806; married, 22 September 1836, Edward Haygarth Maling of Sunderland and had issue one son; died 6 January 1857;
(10) James Allan (1807-33), born 2 December 1807; died unmarried, 26 March 1833;
(11) Mary Emma Allan (1809-69), born 26 April 1809; married 1st, 10 July 1837, William Wheatley (d. 1850) of London, and 2nd, 30 March 1853, Rev. Arthur Rudd, but died without issue, 2 February 1869;
(12) Caroline Jane Allan (1811-49), born 28 January 1811; married 1st, 28 September 1831, Capt. William Hunter Burne (d. 1844) of Durham Militia and had issue one son; married 2nd, 23 October 1845, John Murray esq.; died 30 November 1849.
He died 27 December 1813 and was buried at Monkwearmouth; his will was proved 13 May 1814.  His widow died 9 January 1837.

Allan, John (1778-1844), of Blackwell Hall and Barton.  Son of Robert Allan (1740-1806) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Harrison of Sunderland, born 29 August 1778.  JP for County Durham.  Described by Edward Pease (whose standards were admittedly high) as having "many immoral stains attach[ing] to him".  He was unmarried and without issue.
He purchased Blackwell Hall in about 1807 and extended it.  At his death he bequeathed it to his nephew, Robert Henry Allan (1802-79) (q.v.).
He died 4 September 1844, aged 66.

Allan, Robert Henry (1802-79) of Blackwell Grange, Blackwell Hall and Barton.  Son of Robert Allan (1769-1813) and his wife Hannah, daughter of William Havelock of Sunderland, born 22 January 1802 and baptised at Monkwearmouth.  JP and DL for County Durham and North Riding of Yorkshire; High Sheriff of Co Durham, 1851-52. Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. He married, 14 July 1841, Elizabeth (1808-82), daughter of John Gregson of Durham and Burdon (Durham), and had issue:
(1) Robert Killinghall Allan (1842-43), born 25 December 1842; died in infancy, 25 September 1843.
He inherited the Blackwell Grange estate from his cousin George in 1828 and Blackwell Hall from his uncle John in 1844.  At his death he bequeathed the estates to his cousin, Sir Henry Marshman Havelock-Allan (d. 1897).
He died 28 October 1879 and is buried at Darlington West Cemetery, where he is commemorated by a table tomb; his will was proved 17 November 1879 (estate under £120,000).   His wife died 15 March 1882; her will was proved 31 July 1882 (estate £6,253).

Havelock, William (1756-1837) of Ford Hall, Sunderland (Durham) and Ingress Park, Greenhithe (Kent).  Son of William Havelock (1728-77) of Sunderland and his wife Anne, born 2 December 1756.  Shipbuilder and shipowner, who built a substantial business but lost money through fraud by solicitors and uninsured shipping losses.  He attempted to recoup his position by planning a scheme with John Rennie for new naval dockyards at Greenhithe on his own land, but the Admiralty Board decided that Sheerness and Chatham should be refitted instead and his speculation only added to his financial difficulties.  He married, 16 August 1787, Jane (d. 1810), daughter of John Carter of Yarm (Yorks), solicitor, and had issue:
(1) Helen Havelock (1791-1830?), born 17 April 1791; died unmarried in 1825 or 1830;
(2) Lt-Col. William Havelock (1793-1848), born 23 January 1793; educated at Dartford Grammar School; aide de camp to Count von Alten at the Battle of Waterloo, 1815; appointed one of the first Knights of Hanover by the Prince Regent in recognition of his service at Waterloo, 1816; aide de camp to Sir Charles Colvile at Bombay; military secretary to Lord Elphinstone at Madras; Lt-Col. commanding 14th Light Dragoons; married at Poona (India), 1824, Caroline Elizabeth (1804-68), daughter of Acton Chaplin and had issue; died from wounds in action at the Battle of Ramnuggur in the Second Sikh War, 22 November 1848;
(3) Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857) KCB (q.v.);
(4) Thomas Havelock (d. 1836); served in Spain under Sir De Lacy Evans; died unmarried of fever at Vittoria, 1836;
(5) Jane Havelock (1797-1883), born 28 November 1797; married, 15 March 1825, Capt. William Creak (1791-1858) RN and had issue three sons and three daughters; died 3 October 1883 and was buried at Greenwich Cemetery; will proved 30 October 1883 (estate £43);
(6) Isabella Langley Havelock (1801-25), born 11 January 1801; married, 25 July 1821, John Moore Cave (1796-1868) (who married 2nd, 1842, Maria Sigrest) and had issue one daughter; died at Leghorn (Italy), 1825.
(7) Lt-Col. Charles Frederick Havelock (1803-68), born 16 October 1803; Lt-Col. in the British Army and later Maj-General in the Ottoman Army and Brig-General in the Irregular Osmanli Cavalry in the Crimean War; married, 14 May 1833, Mary (d. 1889), daughter of James Wemyss, and had issue; died April 1868.
He first leased Ford Hall at Sunderland, Co. Durham (a house of 1785, demolished in 1924), but in 1796 purchased Ingress Park, Greenhithe, Kent which he was forced to sell in about 1816 because of losses in his business and the failure of his dockyard scheme.  He is said to have begun demolishing the house between 1812 and 1815, and the Government (which purchased the estate) completed this process in 1820.  The present Ingress Abbey was built in 1833.
He died in Exeter in 1837.

Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857)
Havelock, Maj-Gen. Sir Henry (1795-1857), kt.  Second son of Henry Havelock (1757-1837) and his wife Jane, daughter of John Carter of Yarm (Yorks), born 5 April 1795. Educated at Dartford Grammar School, Charterhouse and Middle Temple.  Entered the Army (commissioned in the Rifle Brigade, 1815; Captain, 1838; Major, 1842; Lt-Col., 1844; Brig-Gen., 1857; Maj-Gen. 1857); served with British army in India, 1823-57, seeing service in many campaigns and employing his knowledge of Persian and other native languages; during the Indian mutiny he captured Cawnpore and twice relieved Lucknow; author of History of the Burmese War, 1828 and The War in Afghanistan, c.1840.  He became a Baptist while serving in India.  Appointed CB, 1842; KCB 1857; at the time of his death he was to be created a baronet and awarded a life annuity of £1000 a year, but he died before the letters patent were sealed, and the baronetcy was conferred on his son and the annuity on his widow, who was granted the rank of a baronet's widow in 1858.  He married, 9 February 1829, Hannah Shepherd (d. 1882), daughter of Rev. Joshua Marshman DD, of Serampore, India, and had issue:
(1) Sir Henry Marshman Havelock (later Havelock-Allan) (1830-97), 1st bt., VC (q.v.);
(2) Joshua Havelock (1831-64), born 11 December 1831; Captain in Bombay Staff Corps and Assistant Commissioner in Punjab; married 16 December 1858, his cousin, Isabella Louisa (d. 1918), daughter of Capt. William Creak RN and had issue two sons; died 24 September and buried 30 September 1864 in Kensal Green Cemetery;
(3) Ettrick Havelock (1833-34), born 5 August 1833; died in infancy, 11 June 1834;
(4) Hannah Havelock (c.1838-86); died unmarried, 16 November 1886; will proved December 1886 and 15 November 1900 (estate £8,041);
(5) Honoria Havelock (c.1841-75); died unmarried;
(6) George Broadfoot Havelock (1847-1908), born 5 June 1847; served in North Staffordshire Regiment, 101st Royal Bengal Fusiliers, and Bengal Police; married 1st, 23 September 1873, Georgina Marian (d. 1888), daughter of James Crosby, barrister; and 2nd, 20 December 1888, Annie Helen (d. 1937), daughter of Henry Browne Beresford and had issue one son; died at Bournemouth, 20 April 1908; will proved 30 May 1908 (estate £696).
He died of diarrheoa at Lucknow, 24 November 1857, but is commemorated by a statue in Trafalgar Square, London.  His widow died 25 August 1882; her will was proved 27 September 1882 (estate £7,097).
Statue of Sir Henry Havelock in Trafalgar Square, London.  There is another in Sunderland.
Image: Richard George via Wikimedia.  Licenced under this Creative Commons licence.

Sir Henry Havelock-Allan VC
Havelock-Allan (né Havelock), Lt-Gen. Sir Henry Marshman (1830-97), 1st bt., VC. Eldest son of Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857), kt., and his wife Hannah, daughter of Rev. Joshua Marshman, born 6 August 1830.  Joined the army in 1846 (ensign, 1846; adjutant, 10th foot, 1852; captain, Royal Irish Regiment, 1857; Lt-Col, 1859; Colonel, 1868; Maj-General, 1878; Lt-General, 1881; Col. of Royal Irish Regiment, 1878); served with his father in the Persian War and Indian Mutiny, where he won the VC for bravery in leading his unit under fire to capture a key enemy gun, and was wounded during the defence of Lucknow; commanded 1st Regiment of Hodson's Horse, 1857-59, and served subsequently in the Maori War in New Zealand 1863-64; author of Three Main Military Questions of the Day, 1867; assistant quartermaster-general in Canada, 1867-69 and Dublin, 1869; given leave of absence to act as a war correspondent during the Franco-Prussian War, 1870-71 and Russo-Turkish War, 1877; ill health forced him to retire from the active list on 9 December 1881, but when the Anglo-Egyptian war broke out the following year, he made his way to the British headquarters in Ismailia, telling a war correspondent "Don't for goodness' sake mention me in your despatches, for my wife thinks I'm somewhere on the Riviera, but I could not resist coming here to see the fun." He petitioned British commander Sir Garnet Wolseley for a role on the staff; but Wolseley refused, writing to his wife:
"Havelock is still here as mad as ever: I received a letter from him yesterday, begging to have it sent home as it was a request to be re-employed, etc. etc., in his usual strain. I am extremely sorry for him, and feel for him very much, but still feel that he can never be employed again: he is not sane enough to argue with"

He was created a baronet. 22 January 1858, an honour originally intended for his father; appointed CB, 1866; KCB, 1897.  Liberal (later Liberal Unionist) MP for Sunderland, 1874-81 and for South East Durham, 1885-92 and 1895-97; DL for Co. Durham. He changed his name to Havelock-Allan on 17 March 1880, as a condition of inheriting the estates of his cousin, Robert Henry Allan (q.v.). He married, 10 May 1865, Lady Alice (1843-1922), daughter of Henry George Francis Reynolds-Moreton (1802-53), 2nd Earl of Ducie, and had issue:
(1) Alice Margaret Havelock (d. 1867); died in infancy at Montreal (Canada), 9 June 1867;
(2) Ethel Havelock-Allan (1867-1941), born at Montreal (Canada), 1 November 1867; married, 18 October 1886, Joseph Albert Pease (1860-1943), 1st Baron Gainford, and had issue one son and two daughters; died in Georgia (USA), 22 October 1941;
(3) Sir Henry Spencer Moreton Havelock-Allan (1872-1953), 2nd bt. (q.v.);
(4) Allan Havelock-Allan (1874-1949) (q.v.).
He inherited the Blackwell Grange and Blackwell Hall estates from his cousin, Robert Henry Allan, in 1879.
He was killed by the Afridis while visiting troops on the Afghan border, 30 December 1897 and was buried at Rawalpindi; his will was proved 15 March 1898 (estate £11,806). His widow died in Georgia (USA), 22 December 1922.

Havelock-Allan, Sir Henry Spencer Moreton (1872-1953), 2nd bt.  Elder son of Sir Henry Marshman Havelock-Allan (1830-97), 1st bt., and his wife Lady Alice Moreton, daughter of 2nd Earl of Ducie, born in Dublin, 30 January 1872.  Educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge (admitted 1891).  Served in Durham Light Infantry and 17th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers (Major; wounded, 1916); Liberal MP for Bishop Auckland, 1910-18; Parliamentary Private Secretary to Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, 1911-14 and to Under-Secretary of State for India, 1912-14.  Succeeded his father in the baronetcy, 1897; JP for Durham (where he was chairman of the bench) and North Riding of Yorkshire; DL for Co. Durham. He married 1st, 12 November 1903, Edith (c.1872-1935) OBE JP, daughter of Thomas Charles John Sowerby of Snow Hall, Darlington and 2nd, 30 April 1936 (annulled 1937) Mary Isobel (d. 1962), daughter of Henry Sharpe Gordon OBE of Yateley Place (Hants), and 3rd, 7 December 1937, (Doris) Pamela (1891-1988) SSSt.J, daughter of Sir Maurice Levy, 1st bt., but died without issue.
He inherited the Blackwell Grange and Blackwell Hall estates from his father in 1897.  At his death they passed to his nephew, Sir Henry Ralph Moreton Havelock-Allan (1899-1975), 3rd bt.
He died 28 October 1953 and his will was proved 11 February 1954 (estate £49,459).  His first wife died 9 January 1935 and her will was proved 11 March 1935 (estate £2,490); his second wife died 15 April 1962, and his widow died 23 December 1988.

Havelock-Allan, Allan (1874-1949).  Younger son of Sir Henry Marshman Havelock-Allan (1830-97), 1st bt., and his wife Lady Alice Moreton, daughter of 2nd Earl of Ducie, born 30 March 1874.  He served in WW1 as a Lieutenant in North Yorks Artillery, describing his occupation as 'race horse trainer' when he joined up.  He married 1st, 26 May 1897 (divorce, 1913), Anne Julia (d. 1953), daughter of Sir William Chaytor, 3rd bt., and 2nd, 1914, Aline Constance Caroline (d. 1967), daughter of Edward Beresford, and had issue:
(1.1) Hope Aline Havelock-Allan (1898-1988), married 1st, 1 July 1925 (divorce, 1933), Graeme Stewart Lockhart Whitelaw (d. 1962), son of Graeme Alexander Lockhart Whitelaw of Brockham Park, Betchworth (Surrey) and had issue; married 2nd, 2 August 1934 (divorce 1947), George William Lawies Jackson (1903-91), 3rd Baron Allerton; died 1988.
(1.2) Sir Henry Ralph Moreton Havelock-Allan (1899-1975), 3rd bt. (q.v.);
(1.3) Clervaux Havelock-Allan (b. & d. 1901), born 27 March 1901; died in infancy;
(1.4) Sir Anthony James Allan Havelock-Allan (1904-2003), 4th bt. (q.v.);
(1.5) Barbara J. Havelock-Allan (1907-37), born Jan-Mar 1907; married, Oct-Dec 1928, John A. Ellert; died Jul-Sep 1937;
(2.1) Diana Constance Havelock-Allan (1914-2011), born 3 April and baptised 7 June 1914; educated at St Monica's, Warminster (Wilts); married, Jul-Sep 1939, Evelyn Francis Scott (1907-81) and had issue five sons and two daughters; died 29 July 2011; will proved 12 January 2012;
(2.2) Gervaise George Michael Havelock-Allan (1921-2006), born 24 August 1921; married, Oct-Dec 1946, Rhoda (b. 1922), daughter of Thomas Beard of Swansea and had issue one son and one daughter; died 1 January 2006; will proved 21 March 2006;
(2.3) Nancy Stella Havelock-Allan (1924-2015), born Oct-Dec 1924; married, 24 March 1948, Maj. Patrick Thorvald Auchmuty Musters (1923-2003), second son of Capt. John Domvile Auchmuty Musters DSC RN of Brookhill House, Claremorris, Mayo, and had issue one son and three daughters; died 30 March 2015.
He lived at Drax House, Tilshead (Wilts), a village house built in 1900.
He died 7 November 1949.

Havelock-Allan, Sir Henry Ralph Moreton (1899-1975), 3rd bt.  Eldest son of Allan Havelock-Allan (1874-1949) and his first wife, Anne Julia, daughter of Sir William Chaytor, 3rd bt., born 31 August 1899.  Educated at Sandroyd School and Charterhouse.  Served as a Lieutenant in Scots Guards.  He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Blackwell Grange and Blackwell Hall estates from his uncle in 1953, but sold them to Darlington Corporation.
He died 4 November 1975.

Havelock-Allan, Sir Anthony James Allan (1904-2003), 4th bt.  Third son of Allan Havelock-Allan (1874-1949) and his first wife, Anne Julia, daughter of Sir William Chaytor, 3rd bt., born 28 February 1904.  Educated at Charterhouse and in Switzerland.  After short-term work as a stockbroker, jeweller, record company executive and cabaret manager he entered the film industry in 1935 and became a successful and prolific film producer, 1935-70 and executive, working with British & Dominions film studios, 1935-37 and co-founding Cineguild, 1943, Constellation Films, 1947; and British Home Entertainment, 1958; won Oscar nominations as co-screenwriter for Brief Encounter, 1946 and Great Expectations, 1946.  He married 1st, 12 April 1939 (divorce, 1952), the actress, Valerie Hobson (who married 2nd, 1954, John Profumo, the minister at the centre of the Profumo Affair, and died 1998), younger daughter of Commander Robert Gordon Hobson RN, and 2nd, 26 June 1979, Maria Theresa Consuela (Sara) (d. 2017), daughter of Don Carlos Ruiz de Villafranca, of Madrid (Spain), and had issue:
(1.1) Simon Anthony Henry Havelock-Allan (1944-91), born 6 May 1944; died, 31 January 1991;
(1.2) Sir (Anthony) Mark David Havelock-Allan (b. 1951), 5th baronet, born 4 April 1951; educated at Eton, Durham University (BA 1972), Trinity College, Cambridge (LLB 1974; Diploma in International Law, 1976) and Inner Temple (called to bar, 1974; bencher, 1995); barrister, 1974-93; Assistant Recorder, 1993-97; Recorder, 1997-2001; Senior Circuit Judge, 2001-; married, 1st, 24 March 1976 (divorce 1984), Lucy Clare, younger daughter of Alexander Plantagenet Mitchell-Innes and 2nd, 22 May 1986, Alison Lee Caroline, daughter of Leslie Francis Foster and has issue one son (Henry Caspar Francis Havelock-Allan, heir apparent) and two daughters; now living.
He died 11 January 2003, aged 98; for his obituary in the Daily Telegraph, see here. His first wife died in 1998. His widow died 26 February 2017.


Crest Homes, History of Ingress Abbey (typescript), 2009;;;;

Location of archives

Havelock-Allen family, baronets: deeds, wills, estate and household records, personal papers and correspondence, antiquarian collections, maps and plans, 1436-1891 [North Yorkshire Record Office ZDG]
Allan, George (1736-1800), antiquary: collections [Durham Cathedral Library ALL]; correspondence [Bodleian Library, Oxford: MS. Eng. lett. b.12-13, c.132, c.135, d.5; MS. Don. d.53, d.87-90; MS. North b.4]; correspondence of various antiquaries transcribed by him [Society of Antiquaries of London, MS. 222]

Coat of arms

Allan: Sable, a cross potent quarter pierced or, charged with four guttes de sang, in chief two lions' heads erased of the second, all within a bordure engrailed erminois.
Havelock: Vert, a castle argent between two fleurs-de-lis in chief and a cross crosslet fitchee in base or.

This account was first published 24 November 2013, and revised 4 April 2015, 29 December 2016 and 6 March 2017.

Saturday, 16 November 2013

(88) Alington of Swinhope House

Alington of Swinhope
Hugh Alington (d. 1617) and his younger brother George (c.1550/1-1632/3), two of the sons of George Alington of Rushford (Norfolk) and grandsons of Sir Giles Alington (1483-1521), bought the manor of Swinhope (Lincs) from the Carsey family in 1577.  When Hugh died without issue in 1617 his share of the manor and other property in Lindsey passed to George, and at his own death devolved on his great-nephew, Henry Alington (c.1605-62).  Henry also inherited Hugh's lands in Holland through his father, Metcalfe Alington (1575-1631), and himself acquired property at Hoddesdon in Hertfordshire.  At his death these estates were divided between his two sons, the elder, Hugh (c.1635-74), receiving the majority of the Lincolnshire property and the younger, Henry (c.1636-90), Swinhope and the Hertfordshire estate.

Hugh Alington (d. 1674) left only one surviving child, Barbara (1672/3-1750), the wife first of Richard Pye and later of Peter Persehouse. Although she left a surviving son by both her marriages, her Lincolnshire property descended in the female line to her daughter, Sarah Turton (b. 1689), granddaughter, Sarah Rowe (d. 1805) and great-granddaughter, Sarah Rowe (d. 1828).  The last-named died unmarried and without issue and bequeathed her Lincolnshire estate back to the main line of the family, then represented by Rev. Marmaduke Alington (1760-1840), together with an estate at Bosbury (Herefordshire) which went to Alington's second son, on the condition that he adopted the surname Pye.

Henry Alington (d. 1690) again divided his estates between his two eldest surviving sons. His Lincolnshire property, chiefly Swinhope, went to his elder son, Marmaduke (1671-1749), who died unmarried.  The Hertfordshire property went to next son, William (1674-1731), who lived at Edmonton (Middx). The estates of both men ultimately passed to Henry's younger son, Rev. Henry Alington (1718-81), who was rector of Aston (Herts) as well as of Swinhope and Stenigot (Lincs).  His elder son, Rev. Marmaduke Alington (1760-1840) inherited the Lincolnshire property of Sarah Rowe, and was responsible for building the present Swinhope House in 1785.

The substantial Lincolnshire and Hertfordshire property of Rev. Marmaduke Alington passed to his son, George Marmaduke Alington (1798-1890), who during the course of his long life seems to have sold the Hertfordshire estate.  Swinhope Hall and the remaining land passed in turn to two of his sons, the Rev. Cyril Argentine Alington (1828-99) and Admiral Arthur Hildebrand Alington (1839-1925), and to the Admiral's son, Arthur Cyril Marmaduke Alington (1872-1930) and grandson, Wing-Commander Marmaduke William James Alington (1906-69).  The Wing-Commander sold the Hall during the Second World War, but his younger brother, (Cyril) Geoffrey Marmaduke Alington (1914-87) repurchased it after 1964 when he retired from a successful career as a test pilot.

Swinhope House, Lincolnshire

Swinhope House.  Image: Richard Croft. Licenced under this Creative Commons licence.

An elegant but plain five bay late Georgian classical house of white stock brick, built in 1785 for Rev. Marmaduke Alington, with pedimented centrepieces on two fronts.  The house stands in a good position on a terrace looking south over a lake to the church.

Descent: sold 1577 to Hugh Alington (d. 1617) and George Alington (d. 1633); to great-nephew, Henry Alington (d. 1662); to son, Hugh Alington (fl. 17th cent.); to daughter Barbara, wife of Richard Pye; to granddaughter, Sarah Turton, wife of Charles Rowe; to daughter, Sarah Rowe; to Rev. Marmaduke Alington (1760-1840); to son, George Marmaduke Alington (1798-1890); to son, Rev. Charles Argentine Alington (1828-99); to brother, Adm. Arthur Hildebrand Alington (1839-1925); to son, Lt-Col. Arthur Cyril Marmaduke Alington (1872-1930); to son, Wing-Cmdr. (Marmaduke) William James Alington (1906-69), who sold during 1940s...sold to (Cyril) Geoffrey (Marmaduke) Alington (1914-87)

Alington family of Swinhope

Alington, George (c.1503-58), of Rushford (Norfolk).  Younger son of Sir Giles Alington (1483-1521) of Horseheath Hall and his wife Mary, daughter and heir of Sir Richard Gardiner, Lord Mayor of London in 1478, born about 1503.  He married Anne (d. 1557), daughter of Peter Cheeke and sister of Sir John Cheeke, kt., and had issue:
(1) Hugh Alington (d. 1617); lawyer and Registrar of the Court of Requests; married c.1580, Elizabeth (c.1525-1610/11), daughter of Richard Cecil and sister of William Cecil, Lord Burghley, and widow of Sir Robert Wingfield (d. 1580), kt., but died without issue, 31 December 1617; will proved 1 October 1618;
(2) Mary Alington (d. c.1618) of Northolme by Wainfleet (Lincs); married [forename unknown] Reade of Ringstead (Norfolk) and had issue one son and one daughter; letters of administration granted 19 March 1618/9;
(3) Giles Alington (d. 1580), of Rushford; lawyer and Treasurer of Lyons Inn, London; died 8 November 1580 in London; will proved 8 May 1581;
(4) Richard Alington (d. 1579), of Rushford; died 9 April 1579;
(5) Henry Alington of London (d. 1601) (q.v.);
(6) Jane Alington, of Rushford; married Thomas Belman of France, tutor to King Edward VI and had issue a daughter;
(7) John Alington (d. before 1616) of Lewisham (Kent); draper of London; married 1st, 18 December 1581, Alice (c.1563-1606), daughter of Richard Elkin and had issue three sons and two daughters; married 2nd, Catherine [surname unknown] (fl. 1606) and 3rd, Mary [surname unknown] (fl. 1616); died before 2 October 1616;
(8) Alice Alington (d. 1611); married, before 2 November 1580, Christopher Swinscoe (d. before 1606) of Peterborough and had issue a daughter; died 20 and was buried 24 January 1611 in Peterborough Cathedral;
(9) Susan Alington (d. after 1619); married William Methwold (d. 1586) and had issue four sons and five daughters;
(10) George Alington (c.1550/1-1632/3) (q.v.).
He died 25 September 1558.  His wife died 25 November 1557.

Alington, George (c.1550/1-1632/3), of Swinhope. Youngest son of George Alington (d. 1558) of Rushford (Norfolk) and his wife Anne, daughter of Peter Cheeke, born about 1550/51.  He married Jane (d. 1612), daughter of Thomas Morrison of Cadeby (Lincs) and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Alington (1588-89), baptised 11 August and buried 5 September 1589;
(2) Hugh Alington (d. after 1616) of Swinhope; died unmarried and without issue;
(3) Jean Alington (d. 1589); died in infancy; buried 5 September 1589;
(4) Charles Alington (1592-c.1615), of London; married 21 May 1612 at Tinwell (Rutland), Elizabeth, daughter of Adam Claypole of Northborough (Northants) (who married 2nd, 7 November 1616, John Durning of Stifford (Essex)) but had no issue;
(5) George Alington (c.1594-1621), married 28 April 1617 at Gainsborough (Lincs), Elizabeth Hickman (b. 1598) of Richmond (Surrey) and had issue one son and one daughter who both died young; buried 11 February 1621 at Richmond.
He and his brother Hugh purchased the manor of Swinhope in 1577.  He inherited his brother's share and other lands in Lindsey in 1617.  At his death he had extensive property in Lincolnshire which was left to his great-nephew, Henry Alington (c.1605-62).
He died 16 February 1632/33, aged 82.  His wife died 15 and was buried 26 February 1612 at St Botolph Aldersgate, London.

Alington, Henry (d. 1601), of London.  Fourth son of George Alington (d. 1558) of Rushford (Norfolk) and his wife Anne, daughter of Peter Cheeke.  He was a master skinner in London.  He married, 2 January 1573/74, Anne (c.1543-96), daughter of Thomas Metcalfe, goldsmith, of London and widow of Richard Elkin of London, skinner, and had issue:
(1) Metcalfe Alington (1575-1631) (q.v.).
He died 20 January 1601 and was buried at Tinwell (Rutland). His wife died 27 January 1595/6.

Alington, Metcalfe (1575-1631) of Hoxton (Middx).  Only son of Henry Alington of London and his wife Anne, daughter of Thomas Metcalfe of London and widow of Richard Elkin, baptised 30 October 1575.  He married, 30 November 1604, Katherine (fl. 1632), daughter and heiress of Abraham Kitson of London, and had issue:
(1) Henry Alington (c.1605-62) (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Alington (b. 1608; fl. 1632), baptised 25 February 1608; married 28 May 1629, Martin Stewart;
(3) George Alington (b. 1609; fl. 1632), baptised 21 December 1609;
(4) John Alington (b. 1611), baptised 3 September 1611;
(5) Anne Alington, of Hoxton;
(6) Judith Alington (fl. 1662), of Hoxton;
(7) Jane Alington (b. 1615; fl. 1662), baptised 20 January 1615;
(8) Margaret Alington (b. 1621; fl. 1632), baptised 24 September 1621.
He inherited the lands of his uncle Hugh in Holland (Lincs) in 1617.
He died 31 December 1631 and an inquisition post mortem was taken 1 March 1631/2.  His wife's date of death is unknown.

Alington, Henry (c.1605-62), of Swinhope and Hoddesdon (Herts).  Only son of Metcalfe Alington (1575-1631) and his wife Katherine, daughter of Abraham Kitson. Educated at Grays Inn (admitted 1628). He married 1st, 30 April 1633, Penelope (1611-44), eldest daughter of Sir Maximilian Dalyson, kt. of Halling (Kent), and 2nd, Mary Beale (c.1633-before 1684) and had issue:
(1.1) Hugh Alington (c.1635-74) of Stenigot (q.v.)
(1.2) Henry Alington (c.1636-90) of Aston (q.v.);
(1.3) Penelope Alington (b. 1639), baptised 16 August 1639; died after 23 November 1643.
He inherited the Swinhope estate from his great-uncle, George Alington in 1632/33; at his death his property was divided between his two sons.
He died 28 December 1662, aged 59; his will was proved 30 December 1662.  His first wife was buried 10 January 1644/5 in St. James, Clerkenwell, London.  His widow married 2nd, about 16 May 1668, John Hobbey of Stepney (Middx), merchant, and died before 2 May 1684.

Alington, Hugh (c.1635-74), of Stenigot (Lincs).  Elder son of Henry Alington (d. 1662) and his first wife, Penelope, daughter of Sir Maximilian Dalyson of Halling (Kent), born about 1635.  He married 1st, Ann (1642-62), daughter and heir of Francis Thorndike of Scamblesby (Lincs)  and 2nd, about 26 June 1671, Jane (1645-1726), daughter of Sir Martin Lister, kt. of Burwell, had issue:
(1.1) Anne Alington (d. 1681); buried at Burwell (Lincs), 21 January 1681/2; will proved 21 January 1681/2;
(2.1) Barbara Alington (b. c.1672/3) (q.v.);
(2.2) Hugh Alington; died young and was buried at Burwell.
He inherited his father's Lincolnshire property in 1662.
He died 3 June 1674, aged 39 and was buried at Burwell (Lincs), 6 June 1674; his will was proved at Lincoln, 11 May 1675.  His widow married 2nd, John Thynne (d. 1698) and died in 1726.

Persehouse (née Alington then Pye), Barbara (c.1672/3-1750).  Only surviving child of Hugh Alington (c.1635-74) and his second wife, Jane, daughter of Sir Martin Lister, kt., of Burwell.  She married 1st, 28 February 1687/8, aged 15, Richard Pye (c.1663/4-before 1701) of Faringdon (Berks) and 2nd, 1709, Peter Persehouse (1667-1731), and had issue:
(1.1) Sarah Pye (b. 1689) (q.v.);
(1.2) Barbara Pye (b. 1691), baptised at Faringdon, 16 November 1691;
(1.3) Richard Alington Pye (1692-1772) of Alvescott (Oxon) and later Middle Hill, Broadway (Worcs) and Brockhampton (Glos), baptised at Faringdon, 17 December 1692; married and had issue one son; will proved 17 September 1772;
(2.1) John Persehouse (b. 1710).
She inherited her father's Lincolnshire property.
She died about 1750; her will was proved 16 November 1750.

Turton (née Pye), Sarah (b. 1689).  Daughter of Richard Pye and his wife Barbara, daughter of Hugh Alington, baptised at Faringdon, 24 April 1689.  She married William Turton of Knolton Hall (Flints) and had issue:
(1) Sarah Turton (d. 1805) (q.v.).
She inherited her mother's Lincolnshire property.
She died before 1772.

Rowe (née Turton), Sarah (d. 1805).  Only child of William Turton and Sarah, daughter of Richard Pye.  She married Charles Rowe and had issue:
(1) Sarah Rowe (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Rowe.
She inherited her mother's Lincolnshire property.
She died in 1805.

Rowe, Sarah (d. 1828).  Only child of Charles Rowe and his wife Sarah, daughter of [forename unknown] Turton.  She was unmarried and without issue.
She inherited her mother's Lincolnshire property and also an estate at Bosbury in Herefordshire.  At her death she bequeathed her Lincolnshire land to Rev. Marmaduke Alington (1760-1840) and the Bosbury estate to his younger son, Henry Alington (later Pye) (1799-1883).  Her executors obtained a private Act of Parliament to vest her estates in trustees to pay off incumbrances and reinvest the remaining proceeds in alternative property.  
She died in 1828.

Alington, Henry (c.1636-90), of Aston (Herts) and Swinhope.  Younger son of Henry Alington (c.1605-62) and his first wife, Penelope, daughter of Sir Maximilian Dalyson of Halling (Kent), baptised at Bromley (Kent), 5 June 1636.  He married, 9 July 1663, Elizabeth (d. 1684/5), eldest daughter of William Bowyer (né Gamble) of Leytonstone (Essex) and his wife Katherine, daughter of Sir Marmaduke Rawdon, kt. of Hoddesdon, and had issue, with other children who predeceased him without issue:
(1) Elizabeth Alington (c.1664-1756); married, 10 October 1695, Thomas Butler of Roydon (Essex); died 27 April 1756, aged 92 and was buried at Aston (Herts);
(2) Marmaduke Alington (1671-1749) (q.v.);
(3) Henry Alington (b. 1672), baptised 22 April 1672; probably died young;
(4) William Alington (c.1674-1731) (q.v.);
(5) George Alington (1676-1733), born 11 and baptised 15 October 1676; died c.1733; will proved, 2 May 1733;
(6) Penelope Alington (1678-95), baptised 14 April 1678; died unmarried and according to a monumental inscription there was buried at Broxbourne in 1695, aged 15;
(7) Katherine Alington (b.1680); baptised 3 January 1680/81; died after 12 May 1746;
(8) Hildebrand Alington (1683-1712), baptised 10 June 1683; educated at Merchant Taylors School (admitted 1695/6); merchant in India; died aboard the "Gambroone", Madras, June 1712; will proved at Madras, 9 March 1713/4.
He inherited his father's Hertfordshire property and Swinhope.
He died 25 March 1690 aged 55 and was buried at Broxbourne (Herts).  His wife died 22 January 1684/5 and was buried at Broxbourne.

Alington, Marmaduke (1671-1749), of Swinhope.  Elder son of Henry Alington (c.1636-90) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Bowyer of Leytonstone, born September 1671.  Educated at Merchant Taylors School, 1683-87 and Lincolns Inn (admitted 1693; called to bar, 1708; bencher, 1714; Treasurer, 1737); JP for Hertfordshire; Recorder of Hertford, 1714-49; acted as solicitor to the Drake family of Shardeloes (Bucks) and at their instigation became MP for Amersham, 1728-34.  He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited his father's Lincolnshire property.
He died 5 September 1749 at Lincoln's Inn and was buried at Broxbourne (Herts).

Alington, William (c.1674-1731), of Edmonton (Middx). Younger son of Henry Alington (b. c.1636-90) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Bowyer of Leytonstone, born about 1674.  Educated at Lincolns Inn (admitted 1700).  He married, about 6 April 1708, Elizabeth (c.1679-1735), daughter of Henry Winford of Astley (Worcs), sister of Sir Thomas Cookes Winford of Glasshampton (Worcs) and niece of Sir Thomas Cookes, founder of Worcester College, Oxford, and had issue:
(1) Hildebrand Alington (c.1708-55), baptised 15 February 1708; educated at Lincolns Inn (admitted 1720) and Queen's College, Oxford (matriculated 1727); died unmarried, 12 September 1755; will proved 27 October 1755;
(2) Elizabeth Alington (b. & d. 1710), baptised 17 August 1710;
(3) Elizabeth Alington (1711-70), baptised 27 December 1711; married, before 13 May 1734, Robert Threader (fl. 1755), cabinet maker and glassman; died 3 February 1770;
(4) Sarah Alington (1713-38), baptised 22 June 1713; died 28 February 1737/38 and was buried at Broxbourne (Herts); will proved 8 March 1737/8;
(5) Rev. Henry Alington (1718-81) (q.v.).
He inherited property in Hertfordshire and Middlesex from his father.
He died 15 June 1731 and was buried at Broxbourne; his will was proved 1 July 1731.  His widow died 15 October 1735 and was buried with her husband; her will was proved 21 November 1735.

Alington, Rev. Henry (1718-81) of Aston (Herts) and Swinhope.  Younger son of William Alington (d. 1731) and his wife Elizabeth, sister of Sir Thomas Cookes Winford of Glasshampton (Worcs), born 1718.  Educated at Lincoln College, Oxford (matriculated 1735; BA 1738/9; MA 1742).  Ordained deacon, 1739 and priest, 1741 in the diocese of Lincoln; curate of Swinhope, 1739 and Stenigot, 1741; Chaplain to the Earl of Oxford, c.1741-43; rector of Swinhope and Stenigot, 1741-81; rector of Aston (Hertfordshire), 1743-81.  He married, 5 June 1759, Frances (d. 1809), daughter of Robert Baron of Letchworth (Herts), and had issue:
(1) Rev. Marmaduke Alington (1760-1840) (q.v.);
(2) Rev. William Alington (1761-1849), from whom descend the Alingtons of Little Barford and Letchworth Hallbaptised 10 December 1761.  Educated at Hertford Grammar School and Peterhouse, Cambridge (admitted 1779; BA 1783; MA 1809); ordained deacon, 1784 and priest, 1785, in the diocese of Lincoln; curate of Benington (Herts), 1784-85; rector of Swinhope (Lincs), 1785-1837; rector (and patron) of Twywell (Northants), 1799-1849; rector of Little Barford, 1809-22.  He married, 2 July 1788, Sarah (d. 1808), daughter of John Williamson (d. c.1830) of Baldock (Herts), banker, and had issue two sons and two daughters; died 13 December 1849 aged 88;
(3) Henry Alington (1762-1845) of Bayley Hall, Hertford, solicitor; baptised 18 May 1763; articled clerk to Thomas Nicholl of Watford, attorney, 1780 and later to Thomas Mott of Much Hadham, 1785; JP for Hertfordshire; Treasurer of Hertfordshire; married, 27 December 1787, Mary Mann (c.1756-1843) and had issue one daughter; died 26 March 1845 aged 83 and was buried at Hertingfordbury (Herts);
(4) Mary Alington (1765-1850); born 9 April and baptised 9 May 1765; married, September 1793, Lt-Col. George Maddison (1762-1816) of Partney Hall (Lincs) and had issue one son; died 14 June 1850 and was buried 18 June 1850 at Halton Holgate (Lincs);
(5) Frances Alington (1767-1848); baptised 13 April 1767; died unmarried, 21 May 1848;
(6) Sarah Alington (1768-1854); baptised 2 June 1768; married, 7 September 1797, Rev. John Robinson (d. 1814) of Faldingworth; died 1854 and was buried at Middle Rasen (Lincs).
He inherited property in Hertfordshire from his father in 1731 and in Lincolnshire from his uncle in 1749.
He died 16 September 1781 and his will was proved 26 October 1781.  His widow died at Market Rasen, 16 March 1809 and was buried at Swinhope.

Alington, Rev. Marmaduke (1760-1840).  Eldest son of Rev. Henry Alington (1718-81) of Aston and Swinhope, and his wife Frances, daughter of Robert Baron of Letchworth (Herts), born 2 and baptised at Aston, 24 September 1760.  Educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge (admitted, 1778; BA 1782; MA) and Grays Inn (admitted 1778); JP for Lincolnshire; an active magistrate for over 50 years.  Rector of Stenigot (Lincs), 1785-1837, Thorganby (Lincs), 1787-1840 and Walsoken (Norfolk), 1787-1840. He married, 15 August 1794, Anne (1769-1851), eldest daughter of Rev. John Emeris of Louth (Lincs), rector of Tetford, and had issue:
(1) George Marmaduke Alington (1798-1890) (q.v.);
(2) twin, Henry Alington (later Pye) (1799-1883) (q.v.);
(3) twin, Frances Alington (1799-1828), born 3 August 1799; betrothed to her cousin, Rev. Henry Alington of Twywell (d. 1827) but died unmarried, reputedly of a broken heart, 28 April 1828; commemorated by a monument at Swinhope;
(3) Rev. John Alington (1801-83), born 11 December 1801; educated at Magdalen College, Oxford (matriculated 1818; BA 1822; MA 1825; Fellow, 1825-34); rector of Candlesby (Lincs), 1834-83; married, 12 May 1835, Charlotte Sophia (1814-), daughter of Sir Alan Bellingham, 2nd bt., of Castle Bellingham (Louth) and had issue eight sons and one daughter; died 1 June 1883;
(4) Hildebrand William Alington (1803-66), born 23 March 1803; married Katherine (d. 1874), daughter of Francis Overton of Louth (Lincs), but died without issue, 1866;
(5) Rev. Richard Pye Alington (1809-84), born 13 August 1809; educated at Bromsgrove Grammar School and St. John's College, Cambridge (matriculated 1829; BA 1835); ordained deacon, 1835 and priest, 1836; rector of Swinhope and Stenigot, 1837-84; married, 2 June 1842, Emily, daughter of William Medland of Hertford and had issue one son and several daughters; died 3 November 1884;
(6) Anne Alington (d. 1870), married Rev. William Cooper of West Rasen;
(7) Sarah Penelope Alington (d. 1864); married her cousin, Rev. George Alington Robinson (d. 1888), rector of Irby.
He inherited property in Lincolnshire and Hertfordshire from his father in 1781 and further estates in Lincolnshire from his distant cousin, Sarah Rowe in 1828.  He built Swinhope Hall in 1785.
He died 3 August 1840 and was buried at Swinhope, 7 August 1840.  His widow died 19 April 1851 and was buried at Swinhope.

Alington, George Marmaduke (1798-1890), of Swinhope.  Eldest son of Rev. Marmaduke Alington (1760-1840) and his wife Ann, daughter of Rev. John Emeris of Louth (Lincs), born 17 February 1798.  Educated at Westminster School and St John's College, Cambridge (matriculated 1816; BA 1820); JP and DL for Lincolnshire.  He married, 17 May 1825, Mary (d. 1877), daughter of Matthew Bancroft Lister of Burwell Park (Lincs), and had issue:
(1) George Hugh Alington (1826-52), of 68th Regiment; died at Malta, 9 June 1852;
(2) Rev. Charles Argentine Alington (1828-99) (q.v.);
(3) Adm. Arthur Hildebrand Alington (1839-1925) (q.v.);
(4) Albert Edward Alington (1841-1908), born 24 November 1841; of Binbrook (Lincs) and Canterbury (New Zealand); died 28 April 1908; will proved 9 June 1908 (estate £10,853);
(5) Frederick William Alington (1845-1915), born at Koblenz, 27 July 1845; died 28 June 1915; will proved 24 July 1915 (estate £4,100); commemorated by a monument at Swinhope;
(6) Sophy Ann Alington (d. 1910); married, 1862, Rev. William Charles Sharpe (d. 1865), rector of Holme Spalding (Yorks) and had issue one daughter; died 19 May 1910; will proved 25 August 1910 (estate £3,623);
(7) Ellen Fanny Alington (d. 1915); died unmarried, 25 June 1915; will proved 11 August 1915 (estate £122).
He inherited the Swinhope Hall estate from his father in 1840.
He died 18 February 1890, aged 92; his will was proved 14 October 1890 (estate £262).  His wife died 9 May 1877.

Alington, Rev. Charles Argentine (1828-99), of Swinhope.  Second but eldest surviving son of George Marmaduke Alington (1798-1890) of Swinhope and his wife Mary, daughter of Matthew Bancroft Lister of Burwell Park (Lincs), born 22 March 1828. Educated at Wadham College, Oxford (matriculated 1847; BA 1851). Rector of Muckton with Burwell (Lincs), 1852-84; missionary in Central Africa 1863-69; Swinhope (Lincs), 1884-99.  He married, 1 July 1873, Eleanor (d. 1874), youngest daughter of Daniel Cave of Cleve Hill, Mangotsfield (Glos) and had issue:
(1) Eleanor Cave Alington, born 5 May 1874; died unmarried, 31 March 1892.
He inherited the Swinhope Hall estate from his father in 1890.
He died 30 May 1899; his will was proved 22 August 1899 (estate £22,350).  His wife died in childbirth, 5 May 1874.

Alington, Admiral Arthur Hildebrand (1839-1925), of Swinhope.  Third son of George Marmaduke Alington (1798-1890) of Swinhope and his wife Mary, daughter of Matthew Bancroft Lister of Burwell Park (Lincs), born 10 October 1839.  Educated at Dr. Lovell's School, Winslow Hall (Bucks).  Entered Royal Navy, 1852 (Lieutenant, 1866; Commander c.1870; Captain, 1879; Rear-Admiral, 1894; Vice-Admiral, 1901; Admiral 1904).  He married, 9 June 1870, Charlotte Mary (d. 1913), daughter of Rev. Charles Moore of Garlenick (Cornwall) and had issue:
(1) Charlotte Hildegarde Mary Alington (1871-1946); married, 8 April 1899, Frederick Parkin (d. 1928) of Truro Vean (Cornwall), son of Capt. J.B. Parkin, and had issue one son and two daughters; died 1 October 1946; will proved 21 December 1946 (estate £16,711);
(2) Arthur Cyril Marmaduke Alington (1872-1930) (q.v.);
(3) Sophie Ellen Elfrida Alington (c.1875-1918); married, 1902, James Bonnell Ernest Hudson of Ferndown (Dorset), son of Capt. Thomas Keith Hudson RN and had issue one son; died 5 February 1918; will proved 21 March 1918 (estate £2,229).
(4) Vice-Adm. Argentine Hugh Alington (1876-1945) of Stamford (Lincs), born 10 July 1876; educated at Kelly College, Tavistock and Royal Naval College, Dartmouth; entered Royal Navy 1890 (Lieutenant, 1899; Commander, 1910; Captain, 1916; present at the scuttling of the German fleet in Scapa Flow; Flag-Captain and Chief of Staff to Admiral Leveson on China Station, 1922; JP for Soke of Peterborough; married, 15 October 1904, Janet Marchant (c.1882-1975), daughter of Howard Henry Tooth CMG of Churt (Surrey) and had issue, three daughters; died 25 March 1945; will proved 23 May 1945 (estate £1,059);
He lived in Richmond (Surrey) until he inherited the Swinhope Hall estate from his elder brother in 1899.
He died 7 December 1925, aged 86; his will was proved 10 April 1926 (estate £23,181).  His wife died 10 December 1913; her will was proved 5 March 1914 (estate £9,148).

Alington, Lt-Col. Arthur Cyril Marmaduke (1872-1930), of Swinhope.  Elder son of Admiral Arthur Hildebrand Alington (1839-1925) and his wife Charlotte Mary, daughter of Rev. Charles Moore of Garlenick (Cornwall), born 15 June 1872; served in the East Lancashire Regiment.  He married, Oct-Dec 1903, Gladys Evelyn, daughter of Col. Thomas Bramston Hamilton, of Bitterne Grove (Hants) and had issue:
(1) Wing-Cmdr. Marmaduke William James Alington (1906-69) (q.v.);
(2) Lt-Cmdr. Rupert Hildebrand Alington (1911-43); an officer of the Royal Navy; killed on active service;
(3) Wing-Cmdr. Patrick Hamilton Alington (b. c.1912) of Rochester (Kent); an officer in the Royal Air Force; DFC; married, 1944, Joyce Margaret, daughter of Lt-Col. C.A. Warmer and had issue two sons and one daughter;
(4) (Cyril) Geoffrey Marmaduke Alington (1914-87) (q.v.);
(5) Lt-Col. George d’Argentine Woolsey Hewitt Alington (b. 1919), of Sundridge, Kent; MC; married, 1947, Vera Victoria May, daughter of Edward Thomas de Faye and had issue one son and two daughters;
(6) Anthony Hugh Bradford Howland Hewitt Alington (1921-), of Ottery, Bridgewater, Somerset; married Shiela Marguerite, daughter of Capt. Lionel Steward Williams, of Totnes, Devon and had issue one son and one daughter
He inherited the Swinhope Hall estate from his father in 1925.
He died 11 April 1930; his will was proved 29 July 1930 (estate £956).

Alington, Wing-Cmdr. (Marmaduke) William James (1906-69) of Swinhope. Eldest son of Arthur Cyril Marmaduke Alington (1872-1930) and his wife, Gladys Evelyn, daughter of Col. Thomas Bramston Hamilton, of Bitterne Grove (Hants), born 26 March 1906.  An officer in the Royal Air Force, 1936-54 (retired as Wing-Commander); DFC and bar, 1943; AFC, 1941.  He married, 1942, Mary Jeannette Bunney (1909-75), formerly wife of Allen Lingard Rae Duke (1899-1959), and had issue:
(1) Tessa Hildegarde Alington (1946-95), born 9 October 1946 in Pietermaritzburg (South Africa); married 1970 Anthony C.J. Adam; died 1995.
He inherited the Swinhope Hall estate from his father in 1930, but sold it during World War II.
He died 4 January 1969, aged 62.

Alington, Cyril Geoffrey Marmaduke (1914-87), of Swinhope.  Fourth son of Arthur Cyril Marmaduke Alington (1872-1930) and his wife, Gladys Evelyn, daughter of Col. Thomas Bramston Hamilton, of Bitterne Grove (Hants), born 19 August 1914.  A test pilot in the RAF and civil aviation industry.  Author of a volume of reminiscences, A sound in the sky, published in 1994.  He married, 1953, Helen Amabel (1924-2006), daughter of John Lawrence Westmacott of Bursledon (Hants) and had issue:
(1) Rosemary Jane Alington (b. 1953); born 17 December 1953; married, 1980, Robin N.A. Maguire and had issue;
(2) Jill Annabel Alington (b. 1956); born 4 September 1956; married, 16 December 1983, Group Captain Adam Wise (1943-2008), Private Secretary and Equerry to Prince Andrew and Prince Edward, 1983-88 and had issue one son and one daughter.
He repurchased the Swinhope Hall estate after c.1964.
He died 6 August 1987 and was buried at Swinhope, where he is commemorated by a monument.  His widow died 27 February 2006.

Pye (né Alington), Henry (1799-1883). Second son of Rev. Marmaduke Alington (1760-1840) and his wife Ann, daughter of Rev. John Emeris of Louth, born 3 August 1799. He changed his name to Pye as a condition of an inheritance under the will of Sarah Rowe of Malpas in 1828. In 1843 he reclaimed 300 acres of coastal salt marsh between Donna Nook and Grainthorpe Haven (Lincs), the costs of which left him heavily in debt and laid the foundations of his downfall. He worked as a lawyer in private practice and Treasurer of the Parts of Lindsey, but in the summer of 1868 he was exposed as an embezzler and declared bankrupt, having siphoned off county funds and owing large sums on mortgages and small sums to his servants. Accompanied by his second wife and their young daughter, he fled to Belgium, where he remained, supported by his wife's fortune. His elder daughter Charlotte and husband joined them there, Charlotte herself having lost about £30,000. She and her husband returned to England at the beginning of 1869 for a holiday, but she became ill and died after a short illness. He married 1st, Charlotte Mary (d. 1847), daughter and co-heiress of John Yarburgh of Frampton, and 2nd, 1854, Lady Albinia Frances (d. 1893), daughter of Augustus Edward Hobart, 6th Earl of Buckinghamshire, and had issue:
(1.1) Charlotte Alington (1830-69); born 23 December 1830; a prolific balladeer and hymn-writer as "Claribel"; married, 1854, Rev. Charles Cary Barnard; died 30 January 1869;
(2.1) Mary Albinia Alington (1856-98), born 18 November 1856; married, 17 July 1877, Vice-Admiral Charles Home Cochran RN.
He inherited an estate at Bosbury under the will of Sarah Rowe (q.v.) of Malpas in 1828, but was obliged to sell it to alleviate his financial difficulties. He is said to have built The Cedars in St Mary's Lane, Louth, and in about 1851 he built a house called Pye Hall at North Somercotes, which was abandoned when he fled abroad, and finally demolished in 1972.
He died 26 April 1883.


Burke's Landed Gentry, successive editions; Sir N. Pevsner, J. Harris & N. Antram, The buildings of England: Lincolnshire, 2nd edn, 1989, p. 738; H. Thorold, Lincolnshire Houses, 1999, p. 96;

Location of archives

Alington, Adm. Arthur Hildebrand (1839-1925): diaries and household accounts, 1865-1923 [Private Collection]

Coat of arms

Sable a bend engrailed between six billets argent.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 16 November 2013 and was revised 10 December 2013, 9 July 2016 and 27 January 2017.