Fairfield, Stogursey (Somerset)
|Fairfield House in c.1770. © British Library.|
|Fairfield House in 2011. © Nicholas Kingsley All rights reserved.|
|Fairfield House, showing the 18th century entrance into one wing. © Nicholas Kingsley All rights reserved.|
Either Nathaniel Palmer (d. 1718) or more probably his son Thomas (d. 1734) moved the main entrance to the north-east side of the house and added new doorcases on the east and west sides; he also altered the interior, adding new staircases in each main wing. The quality of that to the south-west, at the service end of the house, suggests that the rooms here were being converted for family use. On the north-east side of the house these windows are a reconversion from 18th century fenestration. The house was altered and updated in c.1780 for Sir John Palmer-Acland, who gave the house its present parapet and Georgianised some of the windows, demolished the medieval kitchen to the west, created additional service accommodation in the back court, installed the present vaulted plaster ceiling in the hall and the simple cornices and other decoration in most other rooms. At the end of his life Sir John retired to Bath and remarried, handing over Fairfield to his son Peregrine, for whom further minor works were carried out in 1815 by Richard Carver. The park was landscaped before 1791 and extended in 1806, when a road was moved to allow the expansion of the grounds. The 19th century east lodge is constructed of tufa blocks in grotto style. The present yew-hedged forecourt was formed in c.1928.
Parkgate, Catsfield, Sussex
The estate was home to a branch of the Fuller family established by Thomas Fuller (d. 1692). Nothing is known about the house in this early period and no illustration of it has been found. The estate passed on the death of John Fuller in 1810 to his nephew, John Fuller (d. 1832), and then to his nephew, Sir Peregrine Fuller-Palmer-Acland, who sold it in 1864-65 to Thomas Brassey (1805-70), the railway contractor. The present “Queen Anne style” red brick quadrangular house with gables and tall chimneys was probably built mainly after that date, although parts of the earlier house may have been incorporated. Brassey also built a new house at Catsfield (Normanhurst), burned in 1908, to which Parkgate may have formed a dower house.
Descent: Thomas Fuller (d. 1692); to son, Thomas Fuller (d. 1720); to brother, Richard Fuller; to son, Thomas Fuller (d. 1734); to widow (d. c.1760); to son, John Fuller (c.1725-1810); to nephew, John Fuller (d. 1832); to nephew, Sir Peregrine Fuller-Palmer-Acland, 2nd bt. (1789-1871), who sold 1864 to Thomas Brassey.
The Palmer-Aclands of Fairfield
Acland, Arthur (1726-71). Baptised at Broadclyst, 9 July 1726, the second son of Sir Hugh Acland (1697-1728), 2nd and 6th bt. (see previous post) and his wife Cicely, daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Wrothe of Petherton Park (Somerset). He married 1752 Elizabeth, daughter of William Oxenham of South Tawton (Devon) and had issue:
(1) Thomas Acland (1753-61), born 15 January 1753; d. unmarried and without issue, 6 August 1761;
(2) Hugh Acland (1754-68), born 17 August 1754; d. unmarried and without issue, August 1768;
(3) Sir John Palmer Acland (later Palmer-Acland) (1756-1831) (q.v.);
(4) Anne Acland (1757-75), born 10 April 1757; d. unmarried and without issue, 5 August 1775;
(5) Elizabeth Acland (1758-1843), born 8 July 1758; m. Charles Grove MD of Salisbury;
(6) Arthur Acland (1759-65), born 13 October 1759; d. unmarried and without issue, 10 April 1765;
(7) Frances Acland (b. 1761), born 29 January 1761; m. 30 April 1796 Maj-Gen. Richard Stovin (1761-1826) and had issue 2 daughters;
(8) Richard Acland (1762-63), born 3 April 1762; d. unmarried and without issue, 27 March 1763;
(9) Peregrine Acland (1764-73), born 18 June 1764; d. unmarried and without issue, 17 October 1773;
(10) Maria Palmer Acland (1766-1845), m. 1784 Sir Henry Hugh Hoare (1762-1841), 3rd bt. of Stourhead and had issue 16 children of whom 4 sons and 3 daughters survived to adulthood;
(11) Thomas Acland of Little Bray (1768-1843), dsp;
(12) Lt-Gen. Sir Wrothe Palmer Acland (1770-1816), KCB; died unmarried and without issue, 8 March 1816; commemorated by a monument in Bath Abbey.
He inherited Fairfield House from his cousin, Peregrine Palmer, in 1762.
He died in 1771.
Palmer-Acland (ne Acland), Sir John Palmer (1756-1831), 1st baronet. Born 11 February 1756, eldest surviving son of Arthur Acland (1726-71) and his wife Elizabeth, dau of William Oxenham of Oxenham. Educated at Eton and University College, Oxford; MP for Bridgwater 1781-84; created a baronet, 9 December 1818 and assumed the additional surname of Palmer in the same year. He married 1st, 12 July 1781 in London, Elizabeth (1751-1815), daughter of Rev. Henry Fuller of Parkgate, Catsfield (Sussex) and 2nd, at Bath, 5 November 1818, Sarah Maria Knipe (1775-1853), and had issue:
(1.1) Maria Palmer Palmer Acland (b. 1782);
(1.2) Harriet Palmer Palmer Acland (1783-1803);
(1.3) Frances Anne Palmer Acland (1784-1804), dsp;
(1.4) Hugh Palmer Acland (1788-1810) dsp;
(1.5) Sir Peregrine Palmer Palmer-Acland (later Fuller-Palmer-Acland) (1789-1871), 2nd bt. (q.v.);
(1.6) Arthur Acland Palmer Acland (1791-1810), dsp.
He inherited the Fairfield House estate from his father in 1771, and remodelled the house there c.1780 and in 1815. He also inherited Newhouse, Mamhead (Devon) from his mother's family, but this declined into a farmhouse during the early 19th century.
He died in Bath, 23 February 1831, aged 75, and was buried 2 March 1831. Will proved 25 July 1831 in Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
Fuller-Palmer-Acland (ne Acland), Sir Peregrine Palmer (1789-1871), 2nd baronet. Born 10 November 1789, second son of Sir John Palmer-Acland (1756-1831) and his first wife, Elizabeth (1751-1815), daughter of Rev. Henry Fuller of Parkgate, Catsfield (Sussex); christened 13 November 1789 at Stogursey. He married 7 November 1815 Fanny Leader (1797-1844), daughter of William Leader of Putney Hill, and had issue:
(1) Frances Elizabeth Palmer-Acland (b. 1830), died in infancy;
(2) Isabel Harriet Palmer-Acland (1832-1903), m. 1849, Sir Alexander Bateman Periam Acland-Hood, 3rd bt., MP (1819-92);
(3) Peregrine John Fuller Palmer Acland (b. 1834), died in infancy.
He inherited the Fairfield House estate from his father in 1831, and the Sussex estates of his mother's family in 1834 and 1835. He sold the latter in 1842 and 1864-65.
He died 25 October 1871, aged 81 and the baronetcy became extinct on his death.
J. Collinson, History and Antiquities of Somerset, vol. 1, 1791, p. 254; Debrett, Baronetage of England, 1835; Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Somerset – South and West, 1958, p. 169; VCH Somerset vol. 6, pp. 137-45; VCH Sussex, vol. 9, pp. 242-45.
Where are their papers?
Fuller-Palmer-Acland family, baronets: deeds, family and estate papers, 13th-19th cents.: Somerset Heritage Centre DD\AH; deeds and estate papers of Sussex estates of Fuller family, 14th-19th cents: East Sussex Record Office, SAU.
Revision and acknowledgements
This post was first published 18 March 2013 and updated 1 April 2016. I am grateful to Chris Hoess for his corrections.